Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 31 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 31 of 181)
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but fo hated of the reft, thata great part of their Virgins remainevnmarricd: Andif

(faith the coiumoii lew) it fliould fo happen that a Caratm and a ChriTHan fliculdfall

togethcr'mto the vvater.withlikepofTibiUtie offa^jing either, he would make a bridoe

of the ^4r<j/w to faue the^i&r/^ww.Thethird fort is the Samaritan,of which afterward.

\^uxh>f,Sy- ^w.v^urf. f faith, that the re are of thefe C^r4?>» alfo in Poland ; and Liro c mentio-

??.7^^'<g,iKd.c.z. ncthfome places in B^rbarie, where this fort of lewcs doth inhabite; asyou may

\mu>ninTudel. hereafter rcade in our fixth Booke, and the deuenth Chapter. Some alfo arc in Pa-

fouudinhis leftina.

tmc fortie of Firft, their difference from the Pharifees was about the future rcward.which being
tlum at Benia- denied, they by confequence of that error fell into the reft, to deny the Re'urrciftion:
waP-urtvv!)*' the fubfiftence fpiritaail, &c. They cooped vp God in Heauen, without all beholding
himd^cd, ^ of c"'^'- They denied Fate^ which the Pharifees held. They denied Sfifit altogether,
II l.yraiaAU. {ikh Lfra, " for they held God to be corporeal! : the foule to die with the bodic : An-
15. gels and Diuels they denied : Good and Euill they afcribcd to a mans free-will ".They

X Bel. were inhofpitall and cruell;andascrucliy hated of the people. They arc charged (the
y'llttde'thU Diuell may be flandered) to deny all Scripture but Afajes y : But firft in Scripture^ihis
Atgtimenc opinion of theirs is not mentioncdrand lofephus affirmeth,that they recciucd the Scrip-
handled by turcs,and reieftcd Tradition N-either would the zealous people of the Iewes,haue en-
Suli!_crXlenc. dured them in the Temple, ifthcy had denied their Prophets, for feare of whom they
t'^P-'^- durft not profeftc otherwifc oi lohn "Bnptiji, although he had left no monument of mi-

rvmf.dei. rack, or Scripture. Dr«/?«/ 2. would reconcile this opinion of theFathers, which fay
fcHMi-cio. they denied all but Alofes ; and the other, faying, that fome of the Sadducesliucd ia
ludia, others in Samaria.Thefe later happily,with the Samaritans,denied all faue A'fo-
. fis. Amongft thefe were the v^/»o/?4rrfV, which liucd in Sichem, mentioned by 7o/fpi!)«/
ay^ntit^, lib. i i.c^/».8. and Ecclef.^o.z'j. luniui thinketh that they fell from the lewifh
Religion with Afanaffes, in the time oi NehtmiM.
a Gaon was a dc The Scft ofthe Sadduces was diminiftied, if not worne out, after the deftruftion of
grce, as i Do- the Temple, till in the yeare 452:;. or after Scaliger,^<^ i ^. and tAnno Dom. 75/. one
as ^' ■^»'*»andi'-««/hisfonnercnuedthatDoftrine,becaufchehadnot receiued his cxpe-
ptjfitionof ' <ftcd promotion to the degree of (7 <«w >. He wrote bookes againft the other lewcs.
hands, &c. The like did one Carcafuai. But ofthcfe Sadduces too much.

-Of The Hessees,

b Elfens. {^^ '^^ ^ Efees or Heffees, followeth in the next place. Their name Scaliger « de-

c scdhn^. eUmc. v_/ riueth of a ^ word which fignifieth ReJ},ox^tuetnejfe and/ileuce : both which well
M-j »(5. agreed to their inflitution. Hedifproueth that opinion of £«/f^j»j, and others, thac

'^"""'u./r.. therein followed him, which thought thefelewifliHcretikes wereChriftianMonkes
rot Kijecs. ^"'l Catholikes, Such Catholikes, let Baronius « znABellarmtue ^ boaft of, as the au-
e Siiron.Annd. thors of their Monkcs, for fo they would haue them ; which you may beleeue as well
'■""•'. as before the Floud,£w77;; and after, f/i^fj, John Buftiji, the Nazarites and Rccha-

i BcUn-Je Mon. )^\^^^^ ^'crc Monkifti Votaries, as the Cardinall would haue you. As for thcfe Ejfees,
c^^i'illl, J he makes no fmall adoe againft the Ccnturics,s for vndcrftanding Phtlo of Iewifh,aud
cup.^. ' notof ChriftianMonkes. Buttheloue to Monkery hath dazelcd the eyes ofmcn too

much : and eucn their Hiftorie (which followeth) will conuince that opinion of falfc-
hood. BefidcSjChriftianitie fhould haue fmall credit of fuch aflociates. Indeed the la-
ter Menkes are much like them in fuperfiition and Idolatric, though farrc behind ino-
ther things. But heethat will fee this Argument difputed, let him reade Jf^/z^fr his
Confutation^of Strarins the lefuite.He fheweth alfo that the Oflens, Sampfa:ans,Me(l
falians,anddiucrshcrefiesamongfttheChriftians, fprangfrom thefe£j^«: that the
Egyptian iT/Tc-^-j, of which Philo fpcakcth, out of whom EuftbtHS firft Collcdlcd that
conceit, and that Philo himfelfehad no skill in the Hebrcw,but knew only the Greekc
tongue:that7'4«//</ the Eremite inThebais, was thefirft Author ofMonafticalUiuing.
But now to come to ourHiftoricofthefcmen.
h l'anJ.U'1-7* Thcfe £jfea, Heffees, or EJfens, are placed by Plinie on theWcft of the Dead-fca '', a


Chap. 8. ASIA, Thefecond^Qoke, I45

people folitary,and in the whole world moft adinirablc,wichout women, without mo-
jiey, and nation eternall in which none is borne, the wearineffc ofothers fortunes be-
ing the caufe ofthcir fruituill multip!yings.7'/j//<j in that Booke which he intituled, ri^f
Aligoidmen are free, imh that there were of them abouc fourc thouland, called f//^'/,
fju.ifihtoi, that is, Holy, not facrihcingothercreatures, but their mindcs vntoGod.
Some of them are Husband-men, fomc Artificers, forncceffitic, not for abundance:
They make no weapons ofwarre, nor meddle with Merchandize. They hauenofer-
uants, but are all both free, and mutually feruants to each othcr.They line perpetually
chaftjfwearcnot at all, nor lie: eftecmingGod the Giuerof all good, and Auhorof
noeuill: Their focietie is fuch, that one garmcntjonehoufe, one food, onetrealurie,
one getting, one fpcnding, one lifc,is in common to them all; carefully prouidin" for
their iickc, and holding the elder men in place of parents.

/<)/>p/)«j, who himfelfc lined among them, dothmore largely defcribc them. » He a lepy.hJeBel,
reportcththat they were by Nation lewcs, auoiding pieafures and riches as Sinnes; lncljib,i.cai:7 .
accounting continence and contentcdnes great vertuej. They marric not;but inftruct
the chiklren of others, refpecting them as their kindred, in their manners : not deny-
ing the lawfulnefle of marriage, but the honellie of women. Hcewhichbecommcth
one of their fratcrnity,muft make his goods common.Oylc and ncatnefle they fliunne,
yet wearealwaycs awhite garment. They haueOfficers forthcir common prouifion.
They haueno one ccrtaineCitie, but in each, many of them haue their houfes : to
ftrangers of their owne Seit.they communicate their goods, and acquaintance; and
therefore carrie nothing with them in their iorneyes,but weapons for fearc of thecues:
and in eucry Citie haue of the fame Colledgc an efpeciall Officer which prouidcth for
firangers. The children vnder tuition of Malters are alike prouided for; nordoihey
change their raymen: till the old be worne: They neither buy nor fell, but mutually
communicate, Deuout they are in the fern ice of God. For before the Sunne rifeth,
they (peake of no prophaneor worldly matter, but celebrate certaine Prayers, as
^ praynighimtorife. Then by their Officers arc each appointed to their woikcs, till ^ Thcf/rcrs
the fifth hcure, at which time they aflemble together, and, being girded with linncn wcic worilnp-
garments,wa(li themfelues with cold watcr.Then do they go into their dining-roome l"nne ' hence
asintoaTemple,wherenomanofanotherSe6lmay be admitted; and there Raving came the
with filence, the Pantlcr lets them bread in order, and the Cooke one veflcll of broth, ixioyvt^idt^
The Pricft giueth thankes, as after dinner alfo. Then laying afide thofe their holy gar- and Sanifti.
ments,they plie their worke till the cuening ; and then fuppc in like manner. There is
neuer crying or tumult, they fpeake in order, and obferueeuen without thehoufea
venerablefilencc. Inotherthings they arc fubied totheirOucrfeer,butat their owne
choice may hcipe and fhew mcrcic to others.To their kindred they cannot (^iue with-
out licence.What they fay,is ccrtaine:biit an oath they hate no Icfl'c tlu n perlm y.Thcy
ftudie the writingsof the Ancient, thence colled'tingfuch things as may bcncfitthe
manners of the minde, or health of thcbcdic. They which are fiudious of their Scift,
muft a years fpace endure triali, 5i then after that probation of their continencic,mi:ft
be probationers yet two yearcs longer and then vpon allowance of their manners ar»
aflumedinto their fellowfliip; making firft deepeproteftstion of Religion towards
God, and iuflice towards men, to keep faith to all,but elpccialiy to Princes,and if they
fhall come to rule ouer others, not to abufe their power.nct to exceed others in habir,
not to ftealc, not to keep any thing fecret from them ofihcir owne Sccft.or communi- ,
cateitto another, although vpon perillof life .-not to deuifenewdoftrines .• to kecpc l^ ^% gonos:
the bookescftheir owne opinions, and the names of the Angels. Oifendcrs they put the Sabbath
fromtheirfcllowfhip:andhc whichisthusexcominunkate, maynotrcceiuetood of- bccaufcof
fercd ofany other,but, eating graffe and herbes,is ccnfumed with famine, except they ^^^^ inftiumec
in compaffion rcceiue him againe, in extremitic.Thcy giue no I'entencc ofiudgemenf, "'^',,^ '''^y
being fewer then an hundred. If ten fit together, one Ipeakes not without confent of [^o dica -nd^
the reft. They may not (pit in the middcft, or on the right-hand.They will not fo much couei- the"r
as purge Nature on the Sabbath <; , and onotherdaiesdoit very clofcly/orofFendin" cxacmtnr,
the Diuine light, and couer it with an infirument in the earth, and that in the moft fc- ^■"*o"c Sab-
cret places ; and are wafhcd after. \.^^\ bieald.'tg;

q They"'"'^"-

1 4 6 Of the Scribes f <iy.c, C ii a p , 8.

Th?y arc of foure rankcs.according to the time of their profefrion;& the ycngcr fort
of thefc aie fo far iiiferiour to the rcft,that if one of thefe do touch the^he vvafheth him-
felfc,as if he had touched a ftranger.They hue long:feare not deathmor by any tortures
of the P.omans,could be compelled to tranfgrefle their la\vs;but derided their tormen-
tors rather: beleeuing to receiue their fouks againe prefently,holding the bodies to be
corruptible, & the pnfons of the immortal) foules: which if they haue bin good, haiie i
pleafant place afligned them beyond the Occan^but the euill to be in tempcl'hious lior-
tiiie places of punifhments. Some of ihcfe Effcns alfo foretell things to come. And ano-
ther fort is of them which allow of marriagc.but make a three-ycares trial! firft of the
woman, & if by a conftant purgation they appearcfit for child-bearing, they wed the,
not for pleafure but procreation.-and therfore after conception do not accompany with
them.Thefe women when they wafli,haue their facred linncn garmcts the men.
i I'lC-A'tuqAih: jhusfar/o/^Tj/jj^ :whoinhis » v^»n^.addcthto thefe, thciropinions of Gods proui-
iD. Mp.i. dcncc ruling all things:and that they thinke their Ceremonies more holy then thofc of

theTemple, and therefore fend thither their gifts, but doc not there facrifice, but by
b Sc(i\'.r rca- thcfelues following the fnmc courie of life, which the Pliflt^do amongfl the Dacians.
Uech not ['Itfh. Some of thefe Ejfees liued fo folitarie,like to Hermites,3s is faid befbre.Happily that
W 'if rw/rf ' •S'""*^ ^'^'^5 ofthis fort,to w horn loffhta ' rcfortcd for imitation. Hee liued in the wil-
Scytb-aa No-' derneffe, cloathing and feeding himfclfe with fuch things as the trees and plants of
m.idc!. their ownc accord yeeldcd him, and with often cold wafliings in the night and day,

c In vitalofc^b. cooling the heatot iuft, with him lofephtts abode three ycarcs.

OfTheirOt HER. Sects.

d G'hUi^.s. ^v* He (^itttlonites or GaliUans, ^ had their = beginning ofFudas (elfewhcre he caljctfi
e iofc;h.'k An- _| Y\\m Simon) a GalilxanAvhofe doi^rine was. That, Only (jed wm to bee accounted
tiq.lil>.i&.c.ip.z. ^ .^ Lor dei>td Prince : in otl'.er things they agreed with the Pharifees : but for their Ii-
i cati 7. bernc they would rather endure any the molt cxquihte tortures, together w iin iheir

kindred and fiendsjthen call any mortal man their Loxd.Thendaj h3ppily,mentioned,
^S.c.and that Egyptian,y:/fl.i i .were ofthis rebellious and trayterous Seft, and thofe
5jwr7 which wore fliortvtcaponsvnder their garments ..therewith murthering mcnia
f ufcbhJt Bd. alTembhes.That Egyptian *" lofefhus calsafaife Prophet.w ho vnder pretence ofReli-
tib,i.uf.ii. gion.and name of a ProphetjaflTembled almofl ihirtie thoufand men to Mount Olluet :
he was defeated by fce/i.v the Gouernour.Such were their Ze/ota in the ficge of lerufa-
lem,vndcr the mantle ofReligion,all of the harbouring & cloking Treafon & vilJany.
c Siribes. The Scribes g are not a Sed, but a funiilion : of which were two lorts, y^fjfxaTHif

7? vlfjLi, and,^ j>j(/;/rtT«« ji^a.^, the one expounders of the Law, the other publike No-
taries or A(Suaries,Recorders,Secrctarics.Ef?f6^»/»s makcth difference betwixt the
Scribes that were rp/.io/'/craVy^Ac/, Teachers of the Law, and the j-J^^w/, or Lawyers,
which prefcribed formes of Law, Law-cafes, and taught Ciuill a6^ions. But thele arc
often taken one for the other. S^ra is called a Scribe, whofe Pulpitis mentioned, A^^ -
h D.K.wio!ds /E»fW:8.and h cyl/o/fjChairc was the feat ofthe Scribes; that is, they taught the Law
znAHait. of (JJ/tf/J/, which they vfed todo fitting: asChrift alfodid,^/<?/f/A5.2. Thcirexpo-

i U»hh.h)>r.i <. fitions, Ef flunius ' faith were of foure lort?, one in the name of Mofes j the fccond
in the name of their Rabbinevi/^j^^ (hcc is faid to haue liued an hundred and twentie
yearcs. and to be Standard bearer to Rr^f^oa^4j the third in Andanor Annan ; the
fourth after the Jjf.'.wcuai. But little is to be fiid of thefe Scribes, more then what is
before faid of the Pharifees, this being not a diftering Scft, but an Office or Miniftric,
whcrcofthcPhaiifccsalfowerccapablejandareforfalfeteaching blamed by ourSa-
uiour, together with theScribes. ^
k D. li.ill.vba' The Scribes are laid in their expofitions ^ to haue beene more rcxtuall,thc Pharifees
ril.&chrijbaii, ^ore i„ their Glofles and Traditions : the Scribes had chiefe reputation for learning,
the Pharifees for ho!ines,taking more p'aines (faith our Englifh /ofephus) to go to hell.
The Scribes profefled both difputation and obferuation of many things, faith ayiruf
1 /ir. ;!/(,»t.a„«/f. 1 but not fo exaft as the Pharifees. For the Pharifees. though not io learned
£/.'fl3^..M.iM). a, the other.thoughtthemieluesmoreholy then them, becaufe they obferued not on-
ly thofe things, which in the common opinion were thought meet, but thofe things


C HA P48. ASIA.. ThefecondBooke, i^j

whicli were Icart, which the people obferued not, which others had added . This they

wcreninbitious oi, as of fome great pcrfcftion , for there was a threefold ftatc of men.

The Dcilors Phimffes.a>ti Peop/; cfihs Lafid.'Tlie prouerb w2s,Thepi-opk ofihe Land

are the foot-Jfoo/e of the^haripfs. Ofihemx.heyh:i<^ ^pvoucvh, ^TbepeoplfoftheLand b yid.Druf.

u not koly : and they difcernc not the Lawnor vvifdome: yea, faith the booke Uiditfar, piat.miu. j.^p.

he fiLilInot tuke the daughter of thcpeople of the Land, bccaufc they arc abominati*

on, and their wiucsare aboniiiiatiori ; and of their daughters it is faid, Curfedbehc

thatliethwithabea(i Thus did thefc proud Dcftors and Pharilecs tread the way to

thePopifn CIcrgie, in ccntcmning the Laytie as vn worthy of the Law and Scripture,

which in an vnknovvnc tongue was fcalcd from them, and feaffed themathigliFcaRs

withan haifeSacrJincnt, andinth.eiroi'dmarie priuate Mafic with none at all. Were

notthefefaircrcafons. ' The Lajtiemight (it they had a whole Communion) /wr6 c Gtrfo-.tJ

the Cup^zndi fame of them haue beards, and fame haiie thepa/Jie, and their di^rnjtie is infe~ commun fib v-

rio'Artothel'-fkj}lj,Hc. The booke Al-oth fliewcth how the people of the Land re- ''•■'%fpcc,

Guited this fupercilious generation, talking ot them, and fccffing at them for their ob-

leruations, VVhcnIwas ofthepcoplc otthe Land, i?.^9'«;/^'t there faith, I faid, who

willgiucmca difciplcot the wife?! would bite him as an Aflc; for thatinfolcnce.and

becaufe they would not faffcv themfclues to be touched of ihcm.The people were tied

to obfcruc the precepts mericioncd or by neccffitie^otconfcquence drawne out of the

Bible, The Pharifccs (as is faid) added tlicir Traditions. The Scribes manner J of tea- d Jr.Mo>it.iK

ching was cold and weak, confilVing in ccrtainc argumcntSjWhich rather affli>5ted then M'tr^.i-^i,

affccied theniindcs of the hearers; in ccrtaine niceties, and Icri.pulous qucl>ion«,fome-

times incvcricable. And therefore the people heard Chritl, tis ffe^hjt:gw/th .uuhorii/e

a>id>tot as the Scribes. But to let paffe theie Schoolcmen, and \.\\p{o-Canonifts, Ictvs

come to their other Scds andlbrts of proicfiions.

The lIeK3erobaptifls<^ are numbrec^^by Epipbamm f among the TewiHi herefieSjWhich, g Hemrobap^
f?.ith other things differ not fom the Scribes and Pharifccs : but in their dnflrine tiiis.
oil he yefitrreiiion and in tnjidclitiff^arc like to the Sadducees: And euery day in all times f ^/''i''' h^^f-iT'
ofihe yc irthcy are baptilcd ot wafned, whence they hauc their nanle^But this cuflome
ofdaily wafhing, faith Sculiger^ Z was common to all the ancient lewes, which would f Scnl.Elcnch,
fecme better then their fello*^'es, and notoncly obferued of the Pharifees, Eflees, and "^31.
Herr.erobapti[ts (if fuv h a CcG: may be added). A.t this time in Palcftina many do it, not
once, but often m the day. The Mahumetans obferuc it. The lewes ( as a h lew hath h Mariahcm an'i
written) were lb zealous herein.that they would not eat with him that did eat with vn- vnf.^rxt.hb.i,
wafhcd hands : andoneof their holy men being inuitedbyfuchanhoft, rofe vp and
went his way,alkMging to him,when he would haue recalled him,th3t he mnft not catc
the bread, of him which h^dane'taHcye. and behdes, his meat was vncieane, ThePrieils
when they kepttheircoiirfes in the Temple, abftaiiicdtrom wine, andeatcnot of the
Tithes before they had wallicd their whole bodie. The Pharifees and Effees'compofed
thcir.felues td this fantftitie i'thc greater part of the Pharifees, and all the Eflees abftai-
ned from wine, and both vfed daily vva{liings,elpecially before they ate. And as many
Heretikesprofcffing themfclues Chriftians, retamcdmany things otiudaii me; fothefe
Heme'obaptifts learned them this daily wafhing. It:iecinctli by him that thcfb were
ChriHian rather then lewifliHcretikes. . : :■; , •

And fo were r.hcT^lnz.nrxaus ' alfo, which fome reclccn among the Icwifh fcftsj-who i NA^rieans,
embraced the GofpcUot Chrift, but would notrelinquifh their ludaifme ; vnlefic we
fay with ff/^ro/Ki'. that whiles they would be both lewes and ChriHians, they were
neither lewcs nor ChrHiians.Thele!slazara:ans,orNazorsans,5i:4/.^fratfirmeth, were
mecre A -?rr/i/»;. Scripture- Tev.cs, but becaufe of their obllinacic in the Law, the firft
Counccl! of the Apoillcs determined agamU: them, hs tor the Nazarites of the old Tc-
ftament,/^/aywdefcnbeth them and their obferuatians-; nottocurtheirhairc, not to
drinke wine andllrong drinke &c.Such was Sar^ipfoi.Bnz thefe could be no Sei^. hol-
ding in euery thing the fame doftrine with the Iewcs,and oniy.for a timc,wcre bound
by vow to thefe Kites. But for thole Nazarxans, Sp^phanitts k makcthtKemajewifli \r.E,r)hh-cf\^i
Se<^,notwitljoutcaufe it fuch were thctr opinions. as he defcribeththcm.Tbcirriwcl- ' '
ling was beyond Icrdan in Gilead and Ilaflian,3s the fame goeth (fiith he) by Nation

O 3 Jc'wcs :

148 Of the dmrs SeEls amoti^ the le'^es. Chap »S.

lewes : andbyobferiiing many things like tothelcwcs. Herein they differed : They
did not eate any thing which had life they offered not facrificc: for they counted it vn-
lavvfuU to facrificc, or to eate flefli.They difallowcd the fiue bookcs of CMofes : they
indeed confefled CMofes, and the Fathers by him mentionGd,and that he had rcceiued
a the Law,not thisyct, which is vvrittcn.butanother. » P^//<?/?riw faith they accepted
Hirref. the Law and Prophets, but placed all righteoufneflc in carnall obfcruation : and nou-

lifhing the haire of their heads, placed therein all their vcrtuc, p'ofcffing to imitate
Sampjo»,viho was called a Nazarite : from whom the Pagans afterwards named iheic
valiant men Hercules.
b Hffef.i^. Next to thefe doth ^ Sprphanitu phcc the O fens «, dwelling in Iturara. Moab.and

cOffens. beyond the Salt orDeadfea : to thefe one Elxai in thetimc of T><?w« loynedhim-

d Seal. Elm. ^j.]£j. . j^g j^jj g brother named lexai, Sca/i^er (here and cuery where acute) faith, "i thac
" the EJfens and OJfetts are the fame name, as being written with the felfe-famc Hebrew

letters, differing only in pronunciation, as the J^jfsiues proncuncc Ofrael, (^hroHos,
(ot /frael(^hri fins. And the Arabian £/.v/»i, and his brother /f.v<j/, wercnotpropec
names.buttheappcllationof theSe6litfelfe; asheproueth. But they agreed notfo
well in profeffion, as in name, with the Ejfens, for they were but an iffuc of thofe an-
cient E//^«x,holdingfome things of theirs, others of their ownc: as concerning r^^
tvorpip of ey^Kgelsj reproued by the Apoltles, C(j/o/f.2.2 1 . in which the Ejfens and Of-
fens agreed, and other things there mentioned. Touch not ^tafle not, handle not : and in
worfhipping of the Sunne, whereof they were called Sampfxans, or Sunner, San-
men, as Epiphanihs interprcteth that name. Thofe things wherein they differed, were
brought in by that Innouator, who (ofthis his Se<5l) was called Elxai,

He was, faith Epiphanius, a lew, he ordained j'<?/f,and iVater^znA Earth, and Bread,
and HentHcn, and the Skie, and the Winde, to bee fworne by in Diuine worfhip. And
fometimes he prcfcribed other feuen witnefl'es ; Heatien, ind fVater, and Spirits^ and
ihcholj Affgelsof prayer, zadOtle, ^nd Salt, znd Earth. Hec hated contincucie, and
cnioyned marriage ofneceffitie. Many imaginations he hath, asreceincdby reuclati-
on. He tcacheth hypocrifie as in time ofpcrfecution to worfhip Idols, fo as they keepc
their confcicncc free: and ifthey confcfl'c any thing with their mouth, but not in their
heart. Thus ancient is that Changeling, ey£^«'/<ccrtr/o». Hcbriugctli his author, one
rhineas of the ftockc ofthe ancienterPA;»f4^,the fonnc of£/^<»^^r,who had worfliip-
pcd Diana in Babylon, to fauc his life. His followers efteemehimay«fr« vertueot
power. Vntill the time of ConJfa>!tine, (JMarthus and (^Marthantt (^two women of his
llocke) remained in fucceffion of his honor, and were worfhipped in tliat countrey for
gods.becaufe they were of his (eed. Marthus died a while fince, but Marthana ftill li-
ueth : Their fpittlc,and other excrements ofthcirbody,thofcHeretikescfteemed, and
rcferucdfor reliques, tothccureof difeafes, which yet preuailed nothing. He men-
tion eth Chrift.butit isvncertaine whether hec meaneth the Lordlcfus. Hee forbids
praying to the Eaf^-ward, and bids turne towards lerufalem from all parts. He detc-
fteth facrificcs,as ncucr offered by the Fathers : hee denieth the eating of flefln among
the Icwcs,and the Altar,and contrary to God, but water is fitting. Hec defcri-
bethChrift after his meafure,foure and twentieScha?ni in lengthjthatiSjtourefcorc and
fixtecne miles ;andthefourthpartthcrcofinbreadth,to wit,fixScharni, orfoureand
twentic miles ; befides the thickne$,and other fables.Hcacknowledgeth a holy Ghofr,
but ofthe female fcxc,like to Chrift,ftanding likea ftatue abouc the clouds, and in the
middell of two mountaines.He bids none fhould fecke the intcrpretationbut only fay
ihcfe things in prayer:(words which he had taken out ofthe Hebrew tongue. as in pare
e ScaU^fy thin- w'e haue found). His prayer is this, ' Abat.aKidmoih nochiel daafim ani daafim nechile
keth they ate ,^^^^ anidaharfebm. Thus EpiphatitMs relateth it,and thus conftrueth, I cannot fay cx-
ttueelenten- p^ypjeji, ^^Ithough they, like our dcuout Catholikcs, needed no expofition) Let the
uravcr h'^mility pajfc from my father s, of their coudemnation,and co»CMlcatiofi,and lahour;the con-

cukation in condemnauon bj my fathers, from the humtlttiepajfed in the ylpajiUfljip ofper-
feSlion. Thus was Slxai with his followers opinionate : otherwife Tcwifh. Ep.phanius
{Eftj'hyh^r- 53. fpcaketh ofhisSertelfc.wherc often, as whenhcmentioneththeEbionitesf , and the
Sampfxans ; This bookc both the Ofl'ecs and Nazorarans, and Ebipnites vfcd.


Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 31 of 181)