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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 32 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 32 of 181)
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Chap.S. Asia. thefecond'Booke, I^p



TiioSampfxans* had another booke (they faidjofhisbrothers.They acknowledge ,
o!ieGodjaiid\vor('hiphiiTi,vringccrtainewafhii)gs. Someofthcm abflaine fiom li- *^w;i/«(iB?.
uing creatuics,and they will die for Elx-n his poftcrity ; which they had in fuch honorj
that if ihcy went abroadjthe people would gather vp theduft of their fecte for cures,
and their fpittle.and v(ed them for amulets and preferuatiues, Tliey admit neyther the
Aportles nor Prophets : they wordiip waterjelieeming it as a god , belceuing that life
is from thence,

.Sc/iZ/^^r alio affirmcthjthat the *Maflalians( which word Epifh.vum interpreteth " Maffdiam.
ii/^3,usco/,'S'«c^^^pX''jaccording to the opinion and praftife of thofc Hcrctikcs) were
» hrli a lewifh le(it,and a flip of the Eflecs.and after by mariage with ibm falfe Chrilli- ' ^'^"W*. f.i8.
3ns,madc fuch a galli-maufrey,as after w hen we come to ijneake of the Pfeudochrijlun
fccb fliall (God willing) be related : for of lewifh they became Chriflian Herctickcs.

Theb f/tfrtfii/.w/cotherwifeagreeing withtlierert,thought//fr6'tf/to betheMcfTi- b ^crodicm
as/iiouedby /<«co^/prcpheciefaUe!y interpreted. That the Scefter pmuld not depart c Zviph.txr,io
fro,n IuAa till Shilo came. When as therefore they fa vv/Z^roa a ftrangertopoficfle
the KingdomCjthcy interpreted as aforefaid. Somemakc quettion whether this was
then:imeofaled,orofWfrodf/fouldiers.2)r«/?;«<'obferuethoutofaCommcntcrvp- ^ "Drufjt^. .
pon Perfiiii,Sat. <^.Herodu venere dies,^cx\iz{t words ; Herodra-gned among the leveei M''''-l-"i''J»
in the parts ofSmnJn the dayes of ^ugnfins .The HerodiMS therefore obferue thehirth-
day ofHerod,ns alfo the Sabbaths : tn thewhich dny thejffet Lumpes burnings and crowned
ffithVioletsin the vfindovfes. Elfe where he citeth out of a Lexicon of the Hebrew law,
that they were called Herodians of Hf'-sdl^ name, and Dorfians of the place whence
they were brought ; tor by Nation they were Greckes •• fo faith the Author of Baal A-
r«f /7,Hfr«<J the King brought Grcekes out of the defcrt, and brought them vp inthe
habitdbic land. Scahger faith that they w ere a corporation or guilde,<«/?f?r ear nm foci- ■^"^ td Eufet,
etatiim,ej(iievti/goco>!fratr!£vocaKtfir,zT\dbeC,dcsihckherenca\l opinion that he was ^"2^5°*
theMeflias,entredintofociety for cofts and charges in common, to be bcflowed on
facrificcs and other folemnites, wherewith they honored Herod zUue and dead.e^r/<«'
Montanta e thinkcth that the Herodians were polititians.that little relpeded religion, e Af.itont.m
They thought the Ccmmon-wealthlhould be eflablifhed, and that could notftand ^"^ng.Mattbj ^
without Priaccs,nor could Princes nourifhthcmfelues or theirs without money, and -*'^^»
therefore propounded that queftion to our Sauiour touching {^ef^rs tribute. Others
think they made hotchpotch of ludaifme and Gentilifmejas Herod had done ; in which
it is like his fucccffors fucceeded him.This conie(f^ure b mentioned hy^Bez^a^who yet f Bcxt^ntioi.
rather thinketh that the Herodians were Wero^j courtiers, moued thereto by the Syri- m Matih.ii,
an tranflation,which hath debeth Hirandts^Herods domefticals. Thus thinketh s Iimins S ^"'>-'" ^^^
ofthcm alio, who faith that when thePharifees could notintraphim in the Law, they '"'^•^F'^'^''"^
fent their difciples to euefiion him of Tribute jhauing before agreed ( which vfually
they did not) with the Herodians to ftand by (viiknownc) as w itneflcs , if he had aii-
fwered any thing whereat ^^/^r might haucbeenc offended. And this fcemethmoft
likely : for after Wradf death ,ho w could they hold him tor MefTias ?

Another feet amongflthcfeoftheCircumci(ion,'^£«/e'^««ioutof//if^f/rjppK/namcth , /-tr/?
the^ Masbothator Masbothea?3!;forThebit/ts (h'nh Hegefppus)\\Sisohhcivnumher, EccUfl cl '
which arofc out offeuenfcits in the lewifli people; which feds had their beginning i Maibe'thxi. '
Symonfiiw horn the Symonians ; and Chobiusfi'i\\\iom the Cleobians ; 1)oftheus, of
whointhcDofitheans;and(7^>-/^«<'«.', ofvvhom thcGorthcans; and Majbotheus ^ of
whom tlic Maibotheans.And from the fame fountaines iffued the Menandrians, Mar-
cioniRs,Carpocratians,Valentini3ns,Bafilidians,andSaturnirians. And a little after.
There were dmersfeSs amongfi the Ifraelites ; Effees^ GaliUaKS^Hemerehapttfts,CMaf-
i>fibeans.,Saniaritans^Sadducees,P hart fees.

Tht\^orAMasboth£i^Scali<ierh\t\\,{\gn\fiCt\\SabbatiJlsoxSahbatariaris ,hecs.\i(e k Sr /' v!
they profcflcd to haue learned the obfcruationofthc Sabbath from Chrilt, and therein cap.i,'^' ""'
<iiffered flom the other lewes.

He there nameth (and little elfe haue we but their names, ettcn the name alfoofthe
wicked llali rot) diuers other ^et\s ifthey may beare that name : as the Genites ' or Ge- 1 GmteL
nilis, which Itood vpon theiiftocke and kindred : thercafon Bretdenbargitis alledgcth -

O 3 becaufe



t)0



Ofthe dluers SeSIs amm^ the leloes.



Chap. 8.



becaufc in the Baby lonifli captiuity or after,they married not flrange wines and therc-
ja iieri[f<cans. forcboaft themlciucs ofthe puritic of v^^r^/j/iw-f feed. The ™ Mcriflxans or Mcrifts,
which were (as the name importeth) fprinklcrs of their \io\y-\NUCi.lhetdey!l>ach faith,
they made a,5'/«<7?#« ofthe Scripturcs,and rcceiucd onely fomcp^arr ofthcm : the Mor-
bonci (he addcth) fabbatife in eucry thing. The " Heilcnians,of /Tf/.Vwiw : the « C!eo.
bians and P Thcobulians we can but mention. Ofthe q Tubicns as littlc/auc that they
are faid to be a Coiledge or f cllowfliip : and lefle off <j<i«rf/,and fuch like, if there be a-
ny other names that rcmaine as the rotten bones ofthe confumed carkafTcs of herefies
and hcretickcs J and eyther are Tnknowne, or degenerated into fome or other feci of
jP/f«i^o-«ir/ffi<j»/,which require another taske.

The fCcp/.To/rf: were Icwes/ but corruptly embracing Chriftianity , for they were
Maflalians,\vhich had their houfes or places ofpraicr abroad in the open ayrc,of whom
Iiiuenal is vn derftood, Nil prater nubes & C(eli iKmtn adera-'it. So Scmligtr rcadeth,not
fiumen : 2nd Petronius^ltidaus licet c^-porciuf4m nomen adoret , Or rali farvmas aduocet



n Hdkn'iam.
o Ckohiam.
p TheobuUans.
q Titiiicns,
r Ojnxi,

( CaVicolit.
t Scal.ckncb,
trih'tr.Serar.

C.JI.



B Cunnm.



% Bexit Annet.

mMa.'tb.\o.
y ScalXl.cA'
2. Mourners.
" Scectti.io.
Flrlafl.Epifc.
In-^irnf.Ub.de
hf/ifib,
Ofmtic.



Sethiam.

a Here our
Author liob-
Icurcd.



jiiUi'^'iolllce,
Vcuillici.

Frog-worftiip
pers.



aHrictdtu, Thtfe alfo were an off-fpring ofthe ElTces: and from thcfe proceeded the
Maflaliansrtbey being baptifed,rcuoltcd to their former ludaiime, and bearing the
name o[Chriftians,retained the rites ofthofc^<r//fo/^ or Hcauen-worfliippcrs,

The" ^<!«»flf/wcrcadeuoutfociety andordcr,giucntoholinefl"e of life, andohfcr-
uation ofthe Lawe ; of whom was Stmon Kanmm^Mat. lo. called Zelotes, the inter-
pretation ofthe former, as " Bez.tt and y Scaliger fhcvv. Snidai calleth them obferuants
ofthe Lawe.whom yi»^»«jfliut in the Temple, Their Of !u(a)/c( , or '■ Mourners were
fuch as lamented with contuiuall falHng,praying,and weeping. the deftrudtion ofthcir
Cittie, * Temple andNation ; as elfe where is faid. I might addc out of that ancient fa-
ther Phtlafiritis (whom S.^y^uguHtne faith he had feene at Millan with S. Ambrofe\ di-
ucrs other hcrefies amongft the people ofthe lewcs before the incarnation ofChrifi.no
fewer then eight and twenty ; of which we hauc already mentioned the moft and prin-
cipal!. He addeth the Ophita: or Serpcntines.which worfhip a Serpcnt.faying, that he
firft procured vs the knowledge of good and cuill ; for which God cnuied him ,and ca(l
him from the firfl hcauen into the fecond,»\hcnce they expcfl his commingjcftceming
himfomevertueofGod,and tobevvorfhipped. Another fort are the Caiani , which
commend Cain for fratricide,faying, that Caiti was made ofthe power of th.c Diucll,
exf ^e/ofanother powcr,biu the greatsO power preuailcd in Cam to flay Abel. A third
Ibrt reckoned by PhiUflntis are the Scthiani , worfhippers oiSeth the fonnc o[Adam,
who affirme.that two men being created in the beginning, and the Angels difTenting,
the fsminine power preuaikd in ^ heauen (for with them arc males and females gods
and godde{res)£;/<' porceiuingthatjbroiight forth i'd'/^, and placed in him afpiritof
great power, that the aducrfarie powers rpight be dcftroyed. Of Seth they fay that
Chrifi fhould come of his ftocke,yea,fome ofthcm conceiuc him to be the very Chrift.
The Hcliognofii, called alfo Deui6taci,worfhipped the Sunnc,which(faid they ) knew
all the things of God, and yeelded all ncceflaries to men. Others there were which
worfhipped FiOgges,thcrby thinking to appcafe Diuine wrath, which in Phartios time
brought Froggcs vpon the land of Egypt. He retkoneth the Accaronites which wor-
fliipped a Flic ; of which elfcwhere is fpokcn : as alfo of Thamuz , w hich he reckoneth
another fedl. Which Thatr.uz he faith was the fonneofa Heathen King , whofe ima<»e
thelewifli women worfhipped with teares and continualHacrifices; and that Pharao
which ruled Egypt in c^fo/^/ time was of that name. ^/<!r alfo and Aflarot, he faith,
•wereKingsofSyria and Egypt, worfliipped after their deaths. But (perhaps more
truely) we hauc exprefled thefethings in our former Booke. Beniamm Tt'.dfUr.fu (j)ea-
keth of a fc£l in his timcwhich he calleth Cyprians and Epicures, who profaned the e-
ucning before the Sabbath,andobferued the euening ofthe firft day. I might addeto
their Seds the diuersChriih or McfTlafcs, which indiuers ages they had j but that I
haue referred to the tenth Chapter.



Chap.



Chap. p. ASIA.



Tbefecond Booke,



lu




Chap. IX.

0/t^c Stmaritans.

T remainetli to fpeake ofthe Samaritan Sefl";.

Samaria was ciie Citie royal ofthc ten Tribes, after that C>?Kr;(who,
as other Ills prcdc-cdlors, liadraigned before at Tifzahj hadbougliC
thcmouiitain Shomron » ot one ^"/^i^iWfr, for two talents ofiiincr . and
built therop thi^ Citic whicli he called after the name oiSh(mtrXot<i
ofthc Morntaine. In vainc therefore is it to fceke the name of tlic Sa-
maritans from the fignif-ication ofthc l" word (which is kccping)reeing they are To cil-
led ofthe place and the place ofthistiieir ancient I ord. It reinaincth the chi;;te Icatc
ofthc Kingdonic as long as the fame indured,and namely, till the dayes oiHojhsa their
lad Kin" m whok titi-.c '■' Sdmanafir the Aflyrian carried the Ilraelitcs thence. E^r-
hacL(ion°W^o\\x\<:.o'iScy!Cichsr!h. othcrwiie called Ofr.fp^r (thus imh'^ Hcz.ra : and
therefore Sotphaium was dec; i'jcd i,i aicnbing this aCt to NabitchodoKo(or\n the tune
ofthc captiuitie fortie veaies before the tetiine; lent to inhabitc that Region , Colo-
nies from Babcl^and from ruthan,ai.(i from Ana, and fom Hannah , and frrrnStpha-
ruaim. Babel is knownc : Cuihaand Aua"; are clkemed parts ofthc dcfeit of Arabii,
the other cf Syria and Mefoprraiiiia. Itfecmeth that melt of them were of Cntha.bc-
caufe all ofthcm after palled iinc that name. and were of"the lewes callcth Cntha:i,as
witnclTethf7o/t'p^«-'.*£/"«^'^e'-';'-'giucth the fame reafon ; and addcth , that a lew
miqht not fsy Amen to a Samaritans or Cuthansbkfiiag. TheCuthi,fnith hc,\vcic.ihc
futlcit bcggers ofa!! men in the world and from them as he ihinketh, cami thoic cou
feningrogucingGiplies or Egyptians, which lb many ages haue trcubku ib many
countries of Europe.

Thele Heathens ferued not the Lord, and therefore the Lord fcnt Lyons among
them.wl.ich {lew them ;wherffcic they fcnt to the KingofAflyria, who fent ihithcr
one ofthe captiuedPricfts of Ifrael to teach them how to worOiip GcA{Lfl>^hM:us
callethhis name S Sfdr.u.jUc dwelt at Bethel; and as fome conceiue,taught rather that
idolatrous worfhip.whereof Bethel had bin before the Bcth-auen, whae ferohum had
placed his golden Ca!fe,then the true worfliip ofthc True Ichotuih.UowhvjeT^ eucry
Nation (laiihtheTfXt) mitdi the?t" Geds ,,z>jdp(it them v: thehonfes of the htghjilurtes,
vhich thi Siimarttmis hndmade, Themenof%^belmadeSnccoth 'Benotb ; .ikci themen
ef ftuha niade'Hirn^il^and the TKC« of Hr.niath ,Jfl;ima ; mid the Au'.ms , Nibh: z, and
TriTtr.k^;, mri'iihe Sevharu.-.ir/iS hurnt their chtldrm in the fire to ^Idra/xmeL'ch, r.nd tyi-
dramweiech their gods. Thus th^^y feared the Lord ,^ndfrrucd their gods after the r,i.mmr
ofthe Nations :ind ib continued ; a mungrcll Religion,begotten of a bartard or hrrc-
ticallludaifme,and Wilde Pa ganifmc. What thoie gods were it is vncertaine,and in-
terpreters agree not. Oi' Sill col h P-noth is ^ already fpokcn. IVclfhins- inttrpretcih
' Ncrgal a wilde Wzr\,Afl::nta a Goatc, ^ibhaz. a Dogge, Tartakjin Afic, Adr.irr.eiech
a 'iAw\c,AnamiUch a Horle ; thus (iaith he) the Hebrewes expound them ; and he fup-
polpth thele creatues were among them canonized and facrcil : a.; th; Peihans are laid
to worfhip aCocke,thcProembari of Africa a Dogge : other pco) !c other creatures^
Thus their Religion continued till aft^T the returne of the lewcs from captiuinc , to
•whom they would haue bin officious, helpers m building ofthe Temple: v\hich being
refufcd they became their enemies, f:nd hindred the building a long time.ButthcTcm-
plc being built.andReligiou eflabliflied among the lewes.and their ftate flounfiiing,
^Vi.W/^f'^gaue his daughter Ar;c«/o to C^latuiffes , the brother ai' laddus the high
Priclf,in the time of Darty.s the laff Perfian Monarch. This "N.chemia mcntioneth,btit
deicneth not to name him,af¥irming that. he chafed .him from him. of which feme ' (\i:f'
cant whether it by exile or excommunication, or fome other punifliment.A'.i'^/t'wo in .
tcrprcteth it of exile, Pelican of excommunication.

'Drtiffis ™ hath a difcourfc out ofa lewifl-i Author, which relateth the foi'mc of that
firftAnathemaandiudiciallciirfefnotvnmeet hecre to be mentioned) denounced a-
gainil the Samaritans for hindering the workeof the Temple. Zorobuhe! 2nA hjhpt-n
(faitii hee) gathered all ihc Congregation into the Temple of ihc Lord , and broughr

three



Chytr. Onomafl.
c i.Kfg.i7.

d £^4.1.10,



e Trcmcl.anHit,
in ^n-z xj.
lofcj./f 1 th.n-
kjtli Cutha to
lie Perfian
f lofe^U Antiq.
I.9.U.&I. 11.4
" rJiMrbif.
rad.Cuib.



g The He-

L^rews call him
D,ifil':<i as Vru-
f.-i'S ciicch.i'e-
imchc'iliiQntto
S.Tmaiia^.
;jii/?.'<7r,the /on
of iitt^n I! J to
reach then' ihc
1.3v/.Dr!il.L^.
dc tcc.c. 4. fer-
tuUiM call him
Dc-f.thcKi,znA
lo doth ItroTne^
fathering the
Samaritan left
on him.
h i.i.fiij.
i trolpb.in j.
Kcg.17.

k 7of,Ani:q.

1 1 .7.

1 iyo!i>h.'mMs'

km.

m V'ifde I,
/(c/,3.c,i.



1^2 Of the Samaritans. Chap ,9.

three hundred Priefts,and three hundred Trumpets, and three hundred Bookcs ofthc
Lawc.and as many children, and founded. And the Leuitcs finging and playing on !n-
ftruinentSjCurfed with all kinds of Anathema's theChutheans,in the fccret of the name
Tetragrammato»,ind in writing written vpon Tables ; and with the Anathema ofthe
houfe of the higher iudgemcnt, and the Anathema of the houfe ofthe lower iudge-
rnent,that none of Ifrael fliould eate the bread ofthe Chuthean (whereupon it is laid,
Hetvhich eateth a Samaritans bread ^heoi he that eateth Stvifjesfiefh) and that a Chuthe-
an {hould notbeaProfelyteinIfracl,nor fhould hauepart in the Refnrredtion ofthe
dead. Thus they writ, andfealed, andfent vntoall Ifrael which were in Babylonia,
which heaped vpon them Anathema vpon Anathema. That, concerning their bcconi-
mingprofelytes,Dr;<//«;doubtcth whether it may not be tranflatcd, thzi a flran^er
(^huthAanjlouldnet abide in Jfrael : which is more likely. The other had beene more
impious : their zeale to make profely tcs of all Nations is knovvne.

To returne to ^/»?«<'ir^/,/«/^p^«-' faith that the high Priefls and the Elders put him
from the Altar,who therefore went to 54«^<«//.?f his father in law, and tolde him that
he loued his daughter well,but would not for her loofc his Pricft- hood. SanhalU: re-
pliedjthatifhe would retaine his daughter, he would not onely maintainehimin his
Prieft-hood.but procure him a high Priefts place,and make him Prince of all his Pro-
uince; and would build aTempleliketothatoflerufalemin mount Garizin, which
looketh ouerSamaria,higher then the other hills.and that with theconfentof K.D.;r;-
«f.Hercupon^<i«^j/tf/ abode with him.and many Prierts and Ifraelites being intang-
led with like mariagcs rcuolted to him,and were maintained by SanbalUt.^nt now A'
/fA-.?«<yfr prcuailing againft £)<er/»^,5.r»^<?//^f(whofe Religion was P*//c/f)rebe]led,and
tooke part with Alexander, znA'm reward thereof obtained leauc to build his Temple,
whzx^o? A-fannjfet enioyedto him and his fucceflbrs thepontificall dignity. Then was
o loh 4 10. ^^ Circumcifioa diuidcd , fame ( as faid the Samaritan woman) ° rvorjljipping in this
>iw«««r^/»f, others at lerufalem. The zeale which the Samaritans had to iheir Temple,
^lof.Anti(i.l,i7, appeared Pin the timeof F/^o/»>w<««/ Phtlometer -, when at Alexandria Sabbaus and
'»^' T^tfoiflfoy;;«,with their Samaritans, contended with Andronicus and the lewes, thefc

challenging to Ierufalcm,thofe to Garizim,thc lawfuil honour of a Temple, both par-
ties fwiaringbyGodandtheKing,tobringproofeofthciraflertion out ofthe lawe;
and befeeching the king to doe him to death that fhould not make his part good ; and
thereupon the Samaritans failing in proofe.were adiudged to punifliment.

The Samaritans in the profpcritie ofthe lewes profefl'cd themfclucs their kinfemeti
. .• I and allies : in aduerfitie difclaimed them,and their God alfo, as appearcth 1 in their E-

^_y_ " * piftle to -r4«f/ocWthatfigureofAntichri(t,and pcrfecutcrof the lewifhReligion , in
which they call thcmfelues Sidonians dwelling in Sichem, and lay, that moucd by an-,
cient fuperftition they had embraced the Feaft ofthe Sabbath, and building a Temple
ofanamcleffe Deity had offered therein folcmnc facrificcs : whereas therefore their
originall was5/^o»/4«and not lewiflijpleafed him to enai^that their Temple might
beare name o( Jupiter Gr£cafiicas,3nd they might Hue after the Greekirh Rites. Thefe
things Antioehus eaf.iy granted. This Sichem is called Sichar,7<».4.5. It was after that
called Neapolis,and laftly (ofthe Colonic w hich Vfjp.ifan ox'Domittan placed there)
FLiuia Cdfarea. Of that Colonie was(it is Scr.l.'gcrs te{{'imoo\e,Animad.Eiifeb pa.zci.^
lu^iT! C^fartyr^omniHm Scripta-rum Ecclefiaft/corKm cjffi hodie extant ^ vitttfitj^imus-
which occafioned£'p^/'^i!»r?/j his errour, that ot aSamaritanehe became aChriftian;
where;!!:, he was neuer a Samaritan in Religion, butoncly of this Samarian Colonic.
In this wercin the age oiBeniaminonc hundred Samaritans : the wordes of Beniarfii»
are worthy the inferting. I came, faith he,to Samaria, in which the Pallace oiAhab is
yet to be knowne.a place very dclc(5tabie,with Springs, Riuers .Gardens, &c. and hath
not one lew inhabiting. Two leagues from hence is Nables,fometime called Sichem,
in mount Ephraim.wherc are no lewes. TheCitieisfituatcbetwcene the hills Gari-
zim andHeball ;thcr; are about a hundred Cuthxans, which obferue onely the Lawe
oimiofes. They are called Samaritans: they haue Priefts of the pofteritic of Aaron
which refteth in peace, who marrie not with any other but the men or women of their
owne ftockCjand arc there commonly called Aaronites jthcy facriSce and burne their

oferine s



Chap. 9- ASIA* Thefecond'Book.e. 1 53



offerings in a Sinagogue which they hauc CD Mount Carizim, citing out of the' Law,
Thou fkttit gUte a, hUfsing vpon the Menm Gari^im : this (fay they) is the houfe of the
Sanduaric, and on the Pafchall and other folemnities they facrificeon all Altar in
Mount Garizim, made of ftones, taken by the Ifraelitesout of lordan. Thcyboaft
thcmfclucs to be of thcTribeofff^^rrf/w. With them is the Sepulchre oflefiph. Hce
addctb (which Scaliger faith, is a flander) that they want three letters, He,Ch(th,A!n;
whereas they readc the Pentateuch in fo many and the fame letters, 'mv.\\ii:\\Mofei
wrote them, as Poftd and Scaliger affirmes, whereas the lewes vie later counterfeits ;
the example v\ hereof ^c.^/z^fr hath giuen vs m their CewfutatioK, in the la(t Edition of
his £w^w^.if/i»«.- yea they are now alfo further from Idolatrie then the lewcs them-
fclues, howfoeuerin their Talmud and elfcwhere , they brand them with falfeando-
dious imputations. 7^<«MW/«a!fotc{lifieth, thatthey abftaine from poJlution by the
t!ead, or bones, the flaine and the Sepulchres. And euery day when they goc into the
Synagogue, they put offthcir vfuajl clothes, and hauing waflied their bodies with wa-
ter put on other clothes , ficredonlyto thispurpofe. Beniamin found ofthefe Cu-
thians two hundred in Ca:farea:atB:nibera or new Afcalon three hundred, and aE
Damafcus fiure hundred.

Hircarms by force tookc both Sichem and (jartz.tm. Two hundred yeares after the
foundation of this Temple, as tefbficth fofefhus, » hapncd this desolation thcrcof.The a Amlii. 1. 1 j;
reale yet continued as appcareth by many tcBimonies of S. i ipturc. Ti^^e 'enu-s med/ed cap,i7.
tiot with the Samaritams,vih'K\\ made '' the woman wonder that Chnfl asked duiike of ^ i^. „
aSamaritane. Anothertime the Samaritans would not rerciue him bccaufe his = ^<r^^- c Lul^.^.^z,
Hiourvfns as though he would goe to lerufalem, for which hi\ of theirs the fans of /^«;;_
</ey would haue brought lightning from heaucn vpon them. And the lewifhdcfpite
could not obiedworle in their moftvenemous flander, then, ''7^o»<jr/ a J';«w<?m.j»if. d loh,%.^i.
This Icrufalcm-iourney through the Samaritanes coUntrey caufed bloudic vvarres and
flaughter betwixt the Galileans ^andthem . in the timcof C«w<f;?«.f,to thedcftrudi- ^ lof.Antiqi
on of many. And before that in the daics of Pilate^ a coufhing Prophet abufed their '•^'^•'"•5-
zcale, bidding them to aflcmble in mount Gariz,in f withpromife there to fhew them i Ant!q.l.iS.c.S»
the facrcdveflels, which, faid he, t^Iofes had there hidden. Whereupon they fcditi-
oufly aflembling , and befieging Tirabathay /*//<«? came vpon them with his forces,
and cut them in peeces.

Their opinions (befides thofc aforefaid) were, sthat ortely the fine bookes o^fj^o. g Ppiphan. h^
yf/wereCanonicallScripturc,tbercltthey receiuednot. They acknowledge not the ''ff'9'
Refurreftion, nor the Trinitie :and inzealeof one God, abandon all idolatries, which
it fcemeth was recciued of them after the building of the Temple, and mixture with
the Apoflata lewes ; the Scripture teftifying otherwife oftheir former deuotions.They
wadithemfelues with Vrine.whenthcy come from any ftraunger, being (forthfooth)
polluted. And if they hauc touched one of anotherNation, they diue themfelues, gar-
men-.sandall, in water. Such a profanation is the touch ofoneofanothcr faith. They
haue a dead corps in abomination prefcntly.

The Samaritan '' if he meeteth a lew, Chriftian, or Mahumetan, he faith vnto them, h Druf.de },
Touchmenot. 5^^//?^)' out of the Arabian Geographer, ' tcllethofanllandftilh'nha- /""^'-i.
bited with thefc Samaritans, in the red Sea, which appeareth by their cuftome, when ' '^'^•^*^'«'«
any comes on fliorc^ forbidding te touch them. This arrogant fuperftition renjayneth *"*■ '^*
with them. j-~ v V

The Samaritan Chror.jclc is cited by £»/J^w(f;[>r(»j.ffr<r/.T. ^ ScJigir, faith hee, k Scal.Amot
had a copie oftheir great Chronicle, tranflated out of Hebrew into Arabian, but in Sa« tn f.uf.cUon&
maritan letters :it differethlomewhatfrom thcHebrewaccount.The 'ewes confound '"'pg-Can.
I the Samaritans and Sadducees, as if they were but one Se(5t. The difference hath ap- ^ce^w.^.t*.
pearcd, for the Sadducees accept all the Bible; the Samaritans,//(7/^/ only. The Sad- l lor.^Jilt'
dncees d -nyed the (bulcs immorialitic and reward. The Samaritans in their Chronicle faith they de-
acknowledge both a place ofreward, and punifhmentaftcrthislife. But whether they nycdthcRe. '
bcIecuethcRcfurrecflionorno, hcdoubteth. The Sadducees denic Spirits, Angels, '"rreftion ani
Diuels; the Samaritans confefTe them. The Samaritans alio vfeftillthofe ancient let' ''^'"°"alitie
lers calkd Phoenician, which the Hsbrcwesvfcd before the captiuitic, which who fo "^*^'''"^««

liftcth



1 54 Of the Samaritans. C h a p .9.

Ji ftcih to view , let 'nim fee their Characters , and Scnligers large notes thereon in his
Annotations vponf'/.^/f^'W^CIironide : and a bricfe of their Chronicle andKalendsr



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 32 of 181)