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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 34 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 34 of 181)
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■ them icape in ; which many obeying, perifhcd in the waues , and many more had pe-
rifiiedjhad not Tome Chriftian Merchants and Fillicrs been atland.which faucd iome,
and forbade the reft to follow. The lewes fecking to bee reuenged of this counterfeit
CMofes , could no where finde him rand therefore thought hinuo be fjmeDcuill in
humane fhape, which fought their dcftrudion, and thereupon, many of them became
Chriftians. "Beniamin THdeUnlis rcporteth of one in Perfia called T)autiElroi , fomc-
time the Difciple oi'HafJ^ii, which was » Head of the captiuitie,onG learned in the law
and T^/w«<5/, in forraine learning, the I finaelitcs tongue and in Magike, who gathered
together the lewes in Hhaphthon, and would necdes v.'arre on all Nations, and winne
Iciufalem, affiiming that God had fent him therefore^ and to free them from the Gen-
tiles.. Many belccued him robe the Mcffias. The King of Perfia fcnt for him, impri-
foned him in the Citie Dabafthan, w hence they are not freed during life. But he three
daycs after when the King and his Counccll fitc to examine and take order for this bu-
fincfle, came amongft them : and when the King asked who brought him thither , hee
faid his ownc wifedomc and induftric. The King bid lay hold on him, but his fcruatits
anrwcrcd, they could hcare him, but not fee hiin : and away he went, theKin -• follow-
ing him to a Riuer,ouer which 7) <««/i!/ftretching his hand-kerchicfepaiTed ouer, and
was then Iccnc of them all, who in vainepurfucd him with ihcir boats. This DatsiJ
the fame day went ten daycs iourncy from thence to Elghamaria, a^id declared to the
Icwes there all which had paflcd. The Perfian fcnt to the Calipha of Bagded,that hee



/^nm 434.



a Sec append;
to this chap.



(i\ou\d ciufcthe headef the captiHJie , topcrfwade him to other courfes , otherwifc
thrcatning definition to all the Icwes in Perfia ; which Icwes likewife for fcarc there-
of writ to the AM</«//AfC;if r/«/f/>. Kc therefore writ to jD (?«/<:/ : H^eeKitild hauethte
to k»ow that the time of our deliuerance u not yet cotre, tier haue rvr yet feene our Jtgr.es i
etndtherefereeniojne thee to defift fromthtje attetnp s : 9therwife , h thoH cafloutfrom
nil Ifrael. But he proceeded ncucrthelcflc, till Zmeldin, a Tuikifli King , fubiedHo
the Perfian, corrupted his Father in law with ten tliouiand pcf ccs olgold , who accor-
dingly with a fword flew him in his bed. And thus ended DuaJd^hwx. not bis dcfigncs:
for the Icwes in Perfia were forced by many talents of gold to buy their peace with the
King. Abouttheiamctimc'^rfwi/^^wtclls of another, which tookcvpon him to bee inEplliM
the meflengcroftheMcflias, which flioulddirc*it his way before him, preaching that MerfiL
theMeffias would appearc in the South. To him rcloned many lewes and Arabians,
whomheledalongfttheMountaincs, profelTlngto goemcctctheMcfTIas, who had
fent him. OurBretbrenintheSouthCountre wrote tome a long letter hereof, de-
claring the innou^tions hee made in their prayers , and his preachings amongft them,
asking mvaduiie. And I writ a Bookc, faith/J.j«}!;4f«, fortheir fakes, touching the
fignes ofthe comming of the Meflias. This Seduces was taken after a yearcs {pace,3nd
brought before one of thcKings ofthe Arabians, which examined him of his courfes,
whoanfwcrcdthathehadfodoncatthccommandcmcntofCod.inwitnefle whereof
he bad him cut off his hcad,3nd he would rife a gaine and reviue : which the King cau-
fed to be done, without any fuch miraculous effed enfuing. The like telleth IfiacLe- jfktcteu'nttai
w/>^,ofonel-a»/walewinthcyeare ijor^ as alio of/?. D(i/«fl( which about the fame Epijl.fup,
lime was burned for like caufc. The Icwes haue Legends (as thatot£/^rf^,traiinated ^i^edDinlut,
by Gembrard) of multitudes of lewes in t/Ethiopia : whom when we come thither, htfljeiudm
\vc will vifit. But alas it is fmall comfort, being burned in the fire, to make themfelucs ckufis.
mcrrie with fmoke.

Ofchtivmiferiesfufiayncdin all places of their abode, all hiftories make mention.
And yet their fuperftition is more lamentable then their difperfion, asalfo their pcr-
tisacie and ftubbomenefle in their fuperflition. Andcertainelymc thinkes, thateucn

Pa, to



i6o



J he miferahle d'tfperfion of the leweSf^c, C h a p ,i oj



a DeiU.zS.
b Efa^,



to him. that wil! vvalke by fight, and not by faith, not obliging his credit to meere
authoritic, as ihe cafe ftandcth betwixt vs ar,d the Scriptures , but will bee drawnc by
the cords of Reafon only and Senfc.cuen to fuch a one, methinkes, thisHiftoricof
the Icwes may be a vifiblc demonftration of the Truth of Chriftian Religion : not on-
ly becaufe the truth of the prophecies of" laacoli , of » C^efes , of ^ Efaj , and
other the Prophets is fulfilled in them ; and becaufe Gods iuftice ftill cxad^cth the
punillimcnr of the bttraj/in^^ andmtirthering that Jufi one ; but clpccially in this that
the bittcidl Enemies, cruellcftPerfecutors, and wilfuilcft Haters that euerwercof
the Chfilfian Truth, are difpcrfed into fo many parts of the World, as witnefles of the
fame Truth; holding and maintayning to death the Scriptures oi Mofes , and the
Prophets ; then which, euen Reafon being Indge (as is faid before) we will notdefirc
founder and fuller proofes of our ProfcfTion, Neither is our Gofpcll wherein wecdif-
fcr from them , any other then the fulfilling of their Law : and Chrift came not to de-
fhoythe Law, butto fulfill the fame. InhimthePromifes,in him thcFioiires in him
the righteoufncfle of the Law, righteoufncfle in Doftrine , righteoufncfle in PracSife
righteoufneflc of Doing, rightcoufnefle of SuSering, to fatisfie the d< bt , to merit the
inheritance, arc the witnelVcs, that m htm they are all , jea^anoi Amen , haucreceiued
c i.Cof.J.15. their pcrfed being and accompHflimcnt. But « the veJe is oucrihctr heart t; eyes they
haue ani. fee not, eares andheare not : They hold out to vs the light of Scripture, them-
felucs walking in darkencflfe, and refcrucd to darkcnefle; like to a Lampc, Lanthorne
or Candleftick, communicating light to others , whereof themfclues are not capable*
nor can make any vfc.
A G.iottm But to returnc , to confider further of their difperfions. Wee haucfhewcd how

So'Jcv P^^'- they were vttcrlycaft out of their Countrey : and Italic, and the Empire was filled
W-2" vvhh iewifh flaues. Nor was this their fir(l difperfjon : but as the Affyr.ans had carried

away the other ten Tribes , whofeoff-l^iring, as is thought, about the yeare of our
Lord G o n, one thouiand two hundred, founded that mightie Empire of Cathay ••
fo the Babylonians carried away the two Tribes rcmayning, which might haue rcl
turned vnder the Pcrfian Monarchic; but many remayned in thofe Countries till the
diflolitionofthatlewifj-irtatc, and after. They had a famous Vniuerfitic, at Baby-
lon, which indured till the yeare of Ch R I s T , one thoufand three hundred ("fowri-
tcth ^



yi\ firft at

Bab. after at

hafded,

c Kumb.Mor.

No./.i , C.TO.&

/j.f.lS <2? 14.

Tels of certain



fefts of lewss 1 r 1 - ^._

callcdsmr.:- tcth ^ Bottrus.) At which time they fleeing thcperfecutions of tic Arabians difpcr-
ri/is. and uneU fed thcmfclues into « India, where many are found at this day. Thefc, throiiohcon-
''■f rt'^ ^jP^' t''''"*i' conuerfing with the Gentiles and Chriftians, haue Imsll knowledge of tlie law,
acrldn '.n. and leflc would hauc but forother lewes, that refort thither out of Egypt, Before
that time alfo, if wcbdceuethc t^thiopianHiftorie , tweluc thoufand f lewes (of
each Trib? a thoufand) went with the Quccne of Saba's Sonne , which, they
fay, n-.ce had by S^lbmon , into that Countrey , and there remayne thchpofteritie to
this day.

Thus is A s t A find A f r r k e fraught with them , but E v R o p e much more.
Air'iAn B banifhed fine hundred thoufand into Spaine, where they multiplycd infi-
nitely , and founded an Vniuerfitic at Corduba, about the yeaie of our Lord one
thouiand .-and at Toledo was a Schoole of twelue thoufand lewes, about the yeare
ofourLord, one thoufand two hundred thirtie and fixe, as writeth ^ RMi Mofche
Mik^tz^i •AKomhtncc it feemeth they fwarmed into England and France. Their
JIvd. niilecieshereinour Land indured, arc by our Authors mentioned '<■ inthedaycsc-
iofiht fpcciallyofKing^/fA-ir^thcfiift, and King lohn : and the whole Land gane a fife
part of their goods to King Edward the firft, to banifh them , jinfio one thoufand two
hundred ninecie and one, the k number of which expelled oat of Enoland were
I 6 <; I r.

Out of France they were thrice baniflK;d by three Philtps, although in Auinion
there ftil remayne fome of them. Being expelled France , they fought habitation in
Germanic, where C5-»>W«^ the Empcrour admitted them into the Countrie of Sue-
uia : and thence they floured into ether parts, into Bohcnira (in the Citie of Prage,are
about fifteene thoufand of them) and in Auftria , and into Hungaria , whence , foi the
crucifying of a childe, they were banifhed by King miarhuis: as at Trent, for the

like



which they
learned of ihe
Moorcs, and
th.rtfore
in our A/«-
h inm^Aan re-
ports *ill be
titter place for
them. P^'idl-i.
c.ip.7

f D-Wihn a
Goes. Ludomc,
fail etus,
g Boter,
h R.tb. Ail
M'li. Hind
Siixd.c. f.
i Fo\ Aas
and Monu-
nicnts.
Hiftone of
Birnvdiac
k Tlorilcg.-^n.

BditXirndtm.



Chap.io. ASI A. Thfecond3d)kc» i6\

likcfaiSl, andpoyfoningof Wclbs, they fuftained much trouble in Germr'nle: and
uianypafTedto Venice ; many alfowentfrom thence into Ruflia (where the people
cannot abide to hearc them named) and Poland, where ^afsimere the Great, for loui:
of an Hebrew I.afle, gnue them many priuiledgcs. They li .le difjjerfcd in the tov, ncs
and Villages, occupied in handicrafts, and husbandrie. They haue great Synagogues
inCraccuia, Lcopolis,andatTrochi, aTownc ofLituania: andMaftcr 'Barkelcji a They h^crein
Marchant of London , who ha^h fpcnt manyyeares in Liuonia, Polonia and other I'oLr.u p: mt
of thofe cold Countries, told me, That the lewes farme the Cuftome of the Kings, vhatbookcs
andatSamaideninCurUndoneof thcfc lewifhCuftomers beat out the braines of '''^yl'^'
a PoloniQi Merchant, for deferring to open his packc : but in regard of thepcoplcs
hatred, prouifion is made,vnder great penalties, for their fecurity,and yet many lewes
were there executed by occafionofamurrcn, procured (a$ was fufpedcd) by lewifh
exorcifmes intending a plague to the men,and not a murren to the bcafts if their wor-
king had fortcd : but the Icvvcs faid it was but apret<:ncc to depviue them of their ri-
ches.

They were caftoutcf Spaineby Firr^Z/w-^wJand/p^^/'*?, in the yearc, 1492. Ic
is thought, ' that there went out of Spainc an hundred and twentie thoufand families a i.rwjtcjTffK-
of them (befidesMoorcs) and out of their Khigdome? of Naples and Cicill. Htr.cc cte;t c.baU.t.



they paflcd, e-^»»» Domini 1^39. inioTufcanej and the Popes Dominions^ v%hcnte l-'ith 4^0000.
they were binifhed by T.?f'/the fourth, ^udTiiu the fifth ; and rccciued agame by Pi~ fV *!"*■
tu thcfourth.and 5;/7«^ the fifih ;Rome and Venice hauipg great Rore ofihem. This ^'^"""^"^



i? the Pnpes ho/.-MrJft : he that VTou'd not vvillingly cndllrc a ProtcftSnt in the world ;
befidcs the (tewes vndev his Hohntfle nofc, can endure the Grecians : yea, and thcfc
lewes, Pvomc it felfehauing ten thoufand, or, *> after others reckoning,! wcntie thou- ^^.

fandot them priuilcdged.with their fine Synagogues.Liturgies and pubhkeSerrr.ons; Hg ;^(^|"*' *•
andto ftraine vp theirVfurietbcighteeneinthehundred; hauingaifoin forr.e places
(itmay be in all) apeculiar Magiftratic to decide controuerfics betweenc Chrifhan and
them, with particular dirc<5lion to fauour them in theirtrade. Dylc^s ci^r Inert ex rt
tjHaltbei, The beaftly trade of Curtifans, and cruell trade of lewes is fuffcrcd for gaine,
thcfe paying a yearcly rent forthe heads they wcare,befides other mcaocs ro racke and
•wrackethemin their purfes at pieafurc, they being vfed as the fpunge-Iikc Friers, to
fuckefrom themeancR, to be fqueczed of the greatcfl ; in fo much that the Pope, be-
fides their certaine tribute, doth foretimes (as; is faid) impofeonthem aSubfidiefor
ten thoufand crownescxtraordinarie for fomcferuicc of State. Sovvell is the rule of
Ta - :1 obferued by th'S Billiop, not to be a. Ivier offitthte lucre.

Outof Spaine they went into Barbaric and diuers other Countries, and fomc into
Portugal : where 7e^«the fecond madethem pay eight crownes fbr a poll, andyec
limited them fliort time of departure. £»mw-/ his fuccefTour did the like 7497. ex-
cept they would become Chriftians, for which hec aflayed diuers meancs. But not cxiitxtYumif*
preuailing hecauled their children, vndcr the age cffoure and twentie yeares, to be b'um/'d.Kem.
baptifed;fome rather hurling their children into pits, fome kilhng themielucs : ma- There is rc-
ry for fearc were baptifcd ; fome went into Italic and abode in Perrara, Mantua, Ve- ^j^ vniuerfitic
netia, in the name of Maranes, and hauc a Synagogue at Pifa. But the greateft part ot Iew:ftiflu-
of them went into theEaft to ConftantinoplcandSalonichi, in which two Cities ftiestohauc
there are about an hundred and fiXtie thoufand of their*. There are of them in all the l'ecne,;sD)«/;
chiefe Cities oftraffikc in the TurkifliEmpite, « Tybcrias is wholly inhabited with ;i'"iff°"'°i
lewes, <* which Cicie Zf//>wgaue to Cr^^ijAz a Icwifh matron. In lerufalem there h.lltsmradTe.
are about an hundred houfes of them. There abide not many, becaufe of a fuperftiti- b':ria, fairh,thac
ousopinion.That before the CJW<"/}/4jfliall come, a great fire from heaucn will con- thclewstherd
fumcthatCitieandCountrcy , topiirgeitof the abomination committed there, by hatithemoll
prophane Nations. At Zantc they arc fo hated, that fiom Maundle Thurfday vntill ^'^S^"''*"-
Saturday noonc, they dare not come abroad : for the people , in ai foolillr zeale, ihcH-;brtwcs-
would (lone them: andfomerefufetoeatcof their meatc or bread. The Turkes in andfiothcnce
their reproach vfe fuch a kinde of imprecation; If this bee not trne , wotild God I wcreth^Au-
Vitghtd'!a.lev. ThcoldTeftamentisreadoftheminthelepartsin the Hebrew*, but «, r'° ^ *
their ^ak^tmrn and Cthens, that >s, their Wifc-men and Pricfts preach in Spanifh » l°t^B]d»'ph''

P3 Only ' '^ '■



Bl



1 6Z An Appendix concerning the te'^ifflDifper/ibn. Chap ,i o.

Only at Salonichi (anciently Theflalonka) in Macedonia, and at Safctta in the Holy
Land, (two Vniuerficies) they fpeake Hebrew. They will rather m blafp hemic leftihc
their hatred of Chrift, then any abilitie to difputc.

AN APPENDIX CONCERNING THE lEWlSH

BiJperfionSyPut ^Beniamin Tvdelensis.

ENTAMIN TvDELENSis, a lew of Nauartc , hauing trauellcd Spaine,
^France, Italy, Greece, Natolia, Syria, and many other Countries of Alia, Africkc,
and Europe : worthily reckoned oncofthegreatcflTraucllers that eucr lined; at his
returneintoSpaine 44o.yearcsfince,rcIated what levvifli Synagogue he had fcenein
the world (one chiefc end, as it feemeth, of his trauels) becaufc it appcrtaincth to this
matter we haue in hand,and the book (tranllated out of Hebrew by Arias M»ntanut)
e I could no is very « rarc,I thought meet to addchecrc a briefeofthofe things which concerne the
where buy ic: Ievves,out of the fame. At Barchinon they found a populous Synagogue, another, but.
but bortovved fmaller, at Gerunda -.Narbone was,asit were, Antient-bearerof the Law to all the
H^lkit " Countries abbut,wherc was chiefe, Kalonymiis ofthe feed oCDauiti; there were 500.
lewes. Foure leagues thence vfas the CicieBidrafch, wlicrewasan Vniuerfity fto-
red with dilciplcs ofthe wife: whereof alfo there were at Mompelicr. Lund was a ta-.
mousVniuerfitie,whereliued^j(/fr the Pharifce, which (ludied night and day, faOjng
and perpetual! abftaining from fltfh, with ^/£'j(7<//«iw,/o/"?^/;,/^co^,yf^>tfw, which by
thcbountic ofthe Vniucrfitie gaue food.raymcnt, and teaching to fuch as came from
farretoliudiethcre,ailongastheyftaycd. Thcrcmas a Synagogue of three burdred
lewes. At Pothiaquiers fortic.atNogheres about an hundrcd,at Aries zoo.acMaflilia
two Colledges,and 300.ICWCS. At Rome 20o,frec from tribute,at Salcrn 600. at Bcnc-
ucnt an Vniucrfitie of 200. at Tarraam 200.atTarentum 30o.atOrncdo 500. at The-.
bes two thoufand,atCoriijih three hundred. There were people liuing in the Woun-
taines,which robbed and fpoilcd all, but dealt more fauourably with the le wes(whofe
liues they fparedj then with Chriftians, whom they not onely robbed but flcwalfo.,
Thefe,faid they, were dcfcendedof the lewes : they were called Balachi, At Arimbon
were foure hundred, at Seleucafiuc hundred. Con(iantinople would not liitfcr a lew
to dwell in the Citie, nor to ride on horfe-backe, except one Solon:on the Kings Phyfi-.
tian, yea,ihe people would beat them in the ftrcets. At Pera liued t wo thoufand Icwcs.
Two dayes failing from thence. At Doroftuni was an Vniucrfitie of foure hundred, at
Rhodes were foure hundred, at Dophros were lewcj, and Cyfrian Epicures before
mentioned. AtBehalgad, were aSeft oflfmaeiites with a peculiar Prophet of their
owne. At Tripoli many Icwcs and Gentiles had a little before pcrifhed with an Earth-
quake, whereof died in all Ifraeltwcntie thoufand. At Gebal was a place where the
Ammonites had fometime a Temple,and in it was an Idol of ftone coucred with goks,
fitting, withtwo Images of women fitting by, and an Altar before. There wercan
hundredand twenty Icwes:atBceroth fifty ,atSidon twenty.Herc-awai?S'Iiued a peo-
ple called D«i^^-?/»,which others called Pagans, of no fe<ft, nor fubieit to any Prince :
they kept in the mouutaincs and rockes, three daies ioumey euen from Hermon. They
hue inccftuoufly, the fathers lying with the daughters. They haue an ycare.'y feliiuali,
on which they all meet, both men and women, and there change wiues one with ano.
ther. They hold opinion, that a good mans foule at his death gocth into fome infant
then begotten.but the foule ofa bad man into fome dogge or other bcafls bodic.Thty
areexceedingfwift, and cannot be ouercomc; liuing on the mountaines^ It fccmeth
f Vmfy. the fame wth the f Drufij mentioned in the former bookc, and that they arc dccc iucd

which make thofcDrufians fome remainder of the I.atinc Chriftians, fccingthey haue
continued fo long before that Kingdome ended ; and perhaps before it began. At Cx .
farea were few le wcs, but two hundred Samarita ns,at Sebaftc an hundred . This is be-
tweene Garizrim, an h 11 fertile & well watered , and Gebal, an hill ftonie & drie,In the
place ofthe fometimeSanftuarieat lerufalcm, was a faire and large Temple, called the
Temple of the Lerd,hm\t of Ghemar ben AlchetAb:i\\txc the Chriftias had no Image.buc
rcfortcd hither only for prayer. Oucr- againrt it is a wall, made of the walls ot the San-

•ituarie.



C H A p . / o. ASIA' Thefecond 'Bo&ke,



163



iSuatic this they.ca'l the (Jate of Aftrcie : to this place the Icwes come to "pray. The
pillar ol'Lof/ wife was then continuing, which was fiid to grow to the former bignes,
if at any time the flocks had diminiflied it with licking At £ Hebron was a great lem- g Hebron.
pic : and in a vault fix Sepulchres oi Abraham and Sara, IJaac and Rebecca, lucob and
Leah: a Lampe perpetually burning : and in the Caue it fclfe were tubs full of bones
of the ancient Ifraelitcs. At Bcniberaor new Afcalon in the border of Egypt were rwd
hundred lewes ; fortic Carraim.and three hundred Samaritans. At Tiberias were fiftie
Jcwes, and the Synagogue of Caleb, Tonne of lefbunneh : at ■> Damafcus we* three j^ D^^afcM'
thoudnd.Thcie dwelt the Headof the lattdof /frae/,c3lkd SfdrM, zndhhhvother Sar. '

yi/^Wjwhich was oucr the lHdgment,ind hfcph the fift of the Sy nedrian .and Marjl.ah
head ofthe order oi Readers: there were two hundcrd Carraim and foure hundred Sa-
maritans :amongft all which was peace, but no intercourfe of marriages in differing
Sefls. 1 n Thadmar were fourc choufand lewes : here and at Baghala were buildings of
ftone,fo grcat,that it was faid be the worke oiJfmodAw (with as good reafon as 2)/-
ftels.'Dikcw'nhvs.) AtHamath was at Earth-quake in thofc times, which deftroyed
fifteene thoufand people in one day ; and only an hundred and feucntic remaincd.//^-
Icb in old times called AramTz,tba^id fifteene hundred Ifraelitcs.At Retrain the De-
fert were two thoufand. At Dakia(fometime Chalne)fcuen hundred, Here was a Syna-
gogue built by Efdras in the returnc from Babylon; and another alfo of his building at
Charan, two daics iourney thence, the place \^ here Abraham had dwelt, had no buil-
ding on it,but was frequented by the Ifraclites to pray there. At Alchabor werctwo
thoufand lewes at Nifibis one thoufand, at Gczir ben Ghamar a city on the bankcs of
Tygnswercfourethoufand.lt is foure miles from the place where 'Sloahs hrVe rcfted,
which Arke Ghatnar ionntHii Aicbetab brought from the top of the hill to theffeofi
Mofchee: neerc to which was the Synagogue of f/i/r/W,whitiier the lewes on fefiiuall
dajes rcfortcd to prayer. Two daies iorncy thence was ' Af-Mu'.fil, fottietime called i Mofai,
y^jj/o-jthe beginning ofthe KihgdonjeofPerfiaretainihgberancientgreatneSjfituatc
onTygris.a bridge only being betweene that and Niniue (now wholly dcltroyed, on-
ly caftles and ftrects remained in the circuit thereof)atAl-Mutfal were feucn thoufand
lewes : and three Synagogues ofthe three Vvophcts, Abdiai!,JonM and Mahum.ln Ra*
haban,ancientlyRchoDoth,w:er9 two thoufand. At Karkcfia (on the fame bank of Eu*
phrates with the former) fiucfeuftdred atAliobar, two thoufand at Hhardan, fifteene
thoufand at Ghukbera,built by /«ii5?r«;?/<e, ten thoufand, Twodayts iourney thence is
k^^^-^^joftheKingdome ofthe ^4/;p^<t,namcd ' tylmir Almumanin Alghabafai, the
chiete ofthe Ifmaelite-Seift. Here were a thoufand lewcs, and ten Synedria or Courts,
the heads or chiefe whereof(henanieth them) are called F'<?rrf»rf/,becaufe they atteor
ded no other funftion^but the adminiflring of the fociety. They giue iudgcroent to all
Icvves,which relbrtvnto them on any day ofthe weeke but thefecond, in which they
all meet together before 5<*w«;/jthe head ofthe Synedriam.But oiier all thefe w as Da.
Kiel (on ofHhafdai,cnthiikd the Head of the ■" C4/)r/«/7,dcfcended from D.<j«/W,whorri
the lewcs called Onr Lord, the Ilmaelites,5^«/»/<» ben Dauid, Osir L . fon of Dauid. He
had great authority oucr all Congregationis of Ilraelites, warranted to him with the A-
mirsfcalcjwhocaufed that all IfraelitesandlfitiacIitesflioulJ rife tohim, vndcrpaind
of an hundred ftripes.Whc,n he goeth to fee the King,ii is with very great pompe. T^'i's
dignity is bought with a great fumme of money, giuen to the King and Princes at his.
Confirmation: and'thcn is thefecond chariot ofthe King nrouidcd for him. He cxcrcii
feth impofuion of hands on the men ofthe Synedrium. There were eight and twcnti"^
Synagogues in Bagdad and the Suburb on the other fide Tygris. But that Synagogud
which pertained to the Head ofthe (faftiuity, was of marble of diuers colours,adorned
with gold and filuer, fpacious : and on the pillars were verfcs ofthe Pfalmes written
in gold.Before the Arke were ten rowcs of feates, y.'ith marble ficppes , in the hichcft
whereof late the Head of the Capttnitj, with the lewes ofthe family ofDautd,^ '"'^ '_'

In Gchiagan (loraetimcRezen) two dales iour'iey from thence were fiiic thoufand ,.

Ifraclitcs.Onedayes iourney from hence was " 5i»^./,now wholly ruinated, in which n BabjUi^
arc yet feene the ruines oi'h{abuchodonofo-rs Pallacc, but in acceflf ble by reafon of di-
uers kinds of Scrpenis.Twcntiemiles from chcfc riiincs dwdl tvvaitje tiioufand Ifrac-'

Ikes.



1 Imperator
crcdentium qm
mf!ye&v.<e-
Jic vittm de^
gitnt.

m Caput CtftU
ititeus.



ii64



Jn Appendix tonceru'mg the le'^if; Difper/ion. C h a p . i o.



e t^ccVieU



p D»n\el I,



<] Rechabites,
oi men of
Theima.



Jites, which there 'pray in the Synagogues, thechiefewhcreof isthat of !D*t»/f/,of
fquared ftones. There wereatHhilah (hue miles thence) ten thoiifand Tewes infoure
Synagogues.Foure miles thcnceit is to thcTovvelr which the fonnes ofDiuifions built
withBrickcSjWhichthcArabianscallLagzar: thelengthof the foundation is abouc
two miles.thc breadth ofthe walls two hundred and fbrticcubits : where it is broadeft
it is an hundred reeds; andbetwceneeuery ten reedsfpace, are waycs in manner cf
fpires continued thorow the whole building, on the top of which one may fee twentie
miles about Halfc a daics iourncy from hence is Naphahh, where were two hundred



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 34 of 181)