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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 38 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 38 of 181)
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dorhdeliuerabundantly and faithfully all the diucrs Readings that euer were of the
Hebrew Biblcs.Whcrein there appeareth an cuident token of the prouidcnce ofGod,
for the preferuation of the facrcd Bookes of Scripture whole and found, that the M^~
foreth hath beene kept till our times thcfe many hundred yearcs,with fuch cire and di-
Jjgcncc, that in fundrie Copies of it, which haue beene written, no difference was euer
foufid. And ithathbceneaddcdiriallthcwtittenBiblesthat areinEurope, Africke,
or A(ia,eacn of them agreeing throughly therein with other, euen as it is printed in the
VcniccBibles, to the great wonder of ihcm.whoreadit. Ihus farrc Montanta: and
by this CMnforah, their obiccftion o{ (^anri, sndCaaTUy in the two and. twentieth
Pfalme, is anfwcred, in that ccrtaine readings haue the later and truer, as the Afafo-
rr/itcflifieth. " .A/.trf/»<«/ affirmcch,ThattheleMaforitesinuentcd the prickcs where- n Gnm.Uti^
with the Hebrew IS now read, uo fupplythc lackeof vowcli, herein vfing religious ttyvok.
carCjIcft by inucnting new Letters to that purpofe, they fliould hanc changed that an- V'a.Druf.Priet,
Clint forme ofwriting, and fomewhat impaired the mafeHie thereof. They tell, that '"luc-'^i?-
when a ccrtaine Rabbinc bad read Zacar iovZccer, he was flainc of his Schollcr Io4i>, K'"^'^Z'^""'"f°
for violating Scripture. , ,' r, ' , rcmUmplil

» Cf/Zf^r^r^dcnying their opinion, (hat make £x.!^<«6r f/ir<w Author of thefe He- fcricre doUorei
brew prickes and accents, faith. That they were inucnted after the times of Honorim &f:ic?itix,po. .
the Emperour, in the yearc, after the Tcrnple was dcfiroyed, ^■;6. whichis (faith he) y<;«/«>'«^«>«»«
from Chrifl, 47(5. in Tybcrias,a Citie ofGalilce ; the chicfe Authors were iy4arou,A. ' '/"f
jertis,znai times, \on\\zo\ /xj»pfcf/;.-T//,wiioledillenting one from another catifed a di- uq nobis dedc'
uifion among the lewes, the Wcftcrnc lewes following the forrrier, theEaflcrnc, rum.s'uElias
which dwelt in Babyioniajthc later, in !tla\oYct ua-

The Syriake Tongue fome hold to haue fpriing from the corruption of the Chaldee '""'V't'-I^id.
and Hebrew mixtThc Eduions and Trandations of the Scriptures, out of the Hebrew crcimmat-
into the Greekc, arc F reckoned nine, bcfldcs that which (Element yUexaKdrinni fikh, o Cencbrad,
was before the time of v4/f.v^»a'fr,whereof T'lato and the Philofophers borrowed not Chmt.4.
a little. The firfl(alreadie mentioned) of the fcuentie. The fccondoTzyi^uih. firft a P ^f.*^ ?■/"."• :
Gentile, after a Chrifttan, and now lafta lew.inthe tinrc 6? ^Jru^.n. The third of "P-^-^mm.W,
TheodotioM, a Marciohift, vndcr Cemmodnf, The fourth oiSimmachus, firft a SarT:a-
ritan,an(l after that a lew. Of the fift and fixt are not knowne the Authors, Of all thefe '
Origen compounded his Hexiifla!\hc feuenth was the correflion rather then a tranf-
lation. The eight was of L>/c/4K,Pritft and Martyr. Theninthof Hffychius.Viwuhz
nioftfamous and ancient, whichthe Spirit of God hath by often allegatic)ns, in fomc
meafurCjConfiimedjisthatof theSeuentic. ^ ^erim ad

Asforthatconceitcf the Celles, which q i«f?/w faith, were threefcorc and ttn, in ccn,
which^hey were diuidcd. and which f Epiphantfisphccih by couples, and numbreth r EpiihJePon.
fixe and thiirie Cclles, in which, by miracle, thcfe thus diuided did all agree, in words ^ ^'"- /'''*7'»^
and fenlc. '' H/frow<fderideth the fame as a Fable, bccaufe neither t^nfints, which Z'l/"'fJ'"'''
thcniiucd,nor/o/ffA;//,doe euer mention it. Now whereas /fl/rfi'wjmentioncthoii. dc-ucrboDt' '
ly the Law tranilated by them ; li'.flimtijren^sis, QUmevs, Eafcbitts, write. That they Vid.prxfjt.
tranflatcd all. And although Anjiius name but the taw, yet who knoweth net, that 'i'"'. Muffin ,



1 8 Of 'the Moderne le'^es Qned/s'C, Chap ,v j J

' j - 1 ■ I I ■ ' '~~ — ' — ' ■ — - — • — —

\ SraLm epift. t>y this generall name chey fometimc comprehended all the Scripture, as in the New

{xu'Anfi.m Teftamcnt is feenc; as i .^or. 14. 21. and /o^. 10.34. Some ' accufc this e^r/^tf*j for

Htbl^l'airum, a counterfeit.






Chap. XIII.



of the moderne lewes Creeds or the Ar ticks of their Faithy with their
interprettttion of the fame.

A l^fr^.^, ^^^^^^^''-^ ^ joHrfelnes and wonder (faith the Lord of this people) thej are

^M^my^L blmde,aHdmiik£ blinde : they aredrnH^eu, l/ut mt with kVine : they Jiag~
^^\i^^Mi &'^t ^"* yiotbyfirong drink^.&ic. And after, becaufc ofthcir Hypocri-

b ^«/.i4. '^X^^t^ ihzs.Andthetrfearetowardme is taught hy the Preeeft of ^ MenThere-.

Ok^^Sj^^ fore behold^ 1 rvtll agaiue doe amarueliotisvpcrke in this People; euen a,

ti!.«^ ^ martielloHSWorkj and awonder : fortbervifedcmeofthtirwife-menP}*^

perifh, and the vnderflanding of their prudent fnen/}:>a/I be hid. This day is this Scripture

(as it hath been many Ages heretofore) fulfilledm our eyes : as \t hath appeared by oUc

former declaration of ourTalmud, andfurthcrfollowcth, inrehearfingthe thirtccnc

c B/« sm.c I Articles of their Creed ' , thus bricfely expreffed in their daily Praycr-bookes.

» I. "l Be!ecHewithatrHeandpetfecifaith^thatGoiiistheCreator,Gouer»our^

(fauh T^Mr^s ^ and P refer uer of all Creatures, and that he hath wrought all things, wor-

hercon) to the keth hitherto, and (IhH workefor etier.

height of hu- ^_ J ygleeue with a perfect faith, that God the Creator is one, andthxtfuch

or»,and is rcc- Anymtte,^sisinhim,canbefoundinnoneether,whealonekathheeneO vk. God^

koned among iiyet, and for et4er (l]dll continue O v s. G o d.

An" dT Nel- 3 • ^ Meeue with a perfect faith,tkit God the Creator is not hoMy^nor indit-

thcr fcnfitic, edwith bodHy proprieties, and that no bodily e [fence can be compared to htm.

facultie,nor ^^ j J^gi^fuf that GoT>the Creator is the fir si andlasty and that nothing wat

aniifle in him, before him, that he floall abide the last for euer.

nothingkfc j. I beleeue that he aloneisto be adored, and that none elfe may he worflnpped.

3ndrp"inrua!l'* ^* 1 belcetie that aU,whatfoeuer the Prophets haue taught and[poken,is ftncere

vndcrftading, truth,

Thejliffcrence ^_ I beleeuethat the Docirine and Prophecic ofMosis * w du true; that hc^

him and other WM the Father and chief eofwifcmen,that lined then, or before his time, or (hould

Prophets he ^^ ^ times to come after.

rekmbltb *. 8. / beleeue thit allthe Law, asitisthisdajinour hands, WM fo deliuered by

<flp.;<f. that the G D him f elf e to Moses.

natncofthe ^ I belceuc that the fame Liwtsneuerto be changed, nor any Other to hegt-

<7«i«of^,ofhim gitteni'sof Gov,.

and others, jq_ y bcleeucthathe knowcth andunderfiandeth allthe workes andthoHghti

w"ere o'fanc!'' of men, o-s It is Written in the Prophet, He hath fa(hioncd their hearts together

thcr kind then confidcring all thcif workcs.p/i/.^ 3.15.

t.cheis.thcre- j bcleeuethat God wttlrecompence to alimen their workes : to all. I fay.

thotc words which keepe his Commandements, andwillptimil) alltranfgrejjers momjoeuer.

Ti.x'A 6 5 &c.




ftcd • But God fpak- to A/«/tJ as one do.h to his fricn-d. ForthlyJ hey prophecicd not at tncir will, but when the Spi-
rit was fcntjMo/aalway when he would. il.f(/«otheiwifc,Df«M8. ij.^c'j.j.n. And Pai*t,Hebr,i.i,i. and i.i.j.



CuAP.ip ASIA.., ThefecondBooke, iSi



' la. / heieeue that the Iv] e s s i a s is yet to come, md ahhoughhe iolcng defer
hn comm'tng^ yet mil I hope., tktt he will come, Tvaiting for htm ev.cry diiy/illhe doth
corner.

J ^ . / helceue vAth xferfe[Jf.iith, thit there [JhU he m .nvakeKing ofthede^d,
tit thitt time r\ hich full (eeme fit toGov> the Creator : the name of which God the
Creator be much biejjed and celebrated for euer-more. Amen.

Genebrard owl o?i\\eS^s.n\(h^re(fiarie\\^iu annexed this their Creed-prayer. O
God and King which futclt on the Throne of Mcrcies,fbrgiuc(t iniquities .,&:c. O God
which haft taught vs the thirteene Articles of the Faith, remember this day the coue-
nantofthy thineenc Properties , as thou rcuealedft them to^/u/(fjinthy Law.i.Lord,
Lord. 2. Strong. ;• Mercifull. 4. Cratious. 5. Long-fuffering. 6. Andofgicac
goodncfle. 7. And Truth. 8. Whchkeepcftmercieforthoufands. p. Which takert
away iniquitie. icTranTgrcflions. 11. Andfins. 12. Which abfolueft not. i^.But
rendreft the iniquitie of the fathers vpon the children to the third and fourth Genera-
tion: then follow thofc thirteene Articles informe of an Hymne, with the expofition
ofJl. Mofes : which alio you may readc inthcTreatife of Philip FerdiKa>id aVolovAin
Chriftned lew. And he wich thui bclccucth, faith Fcrdifjand, is a lew, and as abro-
thertobeIoi!cd;and though he commit all the /:ns of the world, howfoeuerhe fhall
bepunifliedforhis finne yetfhall hehauepartin thcKingdomeot heauen,though he
bercckonedamong thcfinnersof Jfrael. But he which fiiall ouerturnc one of thcfe
Preccptsfhallbeblottedoutof the number of the Saints, and beicckoned an Here-
tikc, Apoftata, Epicure, worthie to be hated of all.

This is the levniil} Fmth, in which with much vexation, doubting, and lamentation,
they die,vpon which, their Religion hath bin alway founded: but it was firft put in wri-
ting,and brought into this o'Aci^yR.Mofche bar Maiman,^ who died in the yeareaf- 3 Vatmcordu-
ter their reckoning 49(54. y^K.I) Off-/, i I04.andftr3it charge wasgiuen,Th3:the]ewcs bcnfs^inAegyf.
thenceforth for cuerconfcfTing itin this order, fhould according to the fame. Hue and toed:icatMc>
die. This their Creed, howfoeuer Charity may conftrue much of it to a better lcnfe,yct ^"^5'* confccrA-
according to their vndcrftanding doth itprincipally aime at the fubuerfion oifhrtjli- ^"^^ '-'^m /~d
stf'Eel^gion; as appeareth in j more ftraitex3minatiQn,after their fcnfe of the 2,254 ^"'^ C^ioiniTionfuit
^,the 7 ,8,9,10, 1 1,12. Articles: all which make againft theperfon or the office ofthc fcutiUcMo'cs.
Son of God, as they vnderftand them ; denying his God-head, and difannulling his of- F-d.Btix.deab.-
fice, affirming, as a lew fliamcd not to profeffe and Ytter vnto M. 'Buxdorfinf, That it ^*^''<^ ScaLq,
needed !!ot that any fhould fatisfie for the. for cuery For. muft yeeld his o wne bkin and
haires to the flayer. And the Icwifli Faith, faith KJofiyh Albn, is foundetl vpon tjirec '
foundations: vponthe vnityofthediuineEflencc; vpon the ho.w oiMofe.t, and vpon
the eternal reward otgood works, and pumlliment ofeullt,contcranng the Padion of
Chrift*^, by whofcflrifes we are healed, and 0:1 ivhotn God h.-uh laid the tniqpiities efvs all, b ^f.'il'i.S.
It is written alfo in their ' Talmud,that all the Ifracliteshaue their portion in the world ^ ^^^^^ Sanhe^
10 come.not al alike,buthe flialhauea greater part that hath done more good woiks, drm.cM',\i.
and the wicked and impenitent fnill be punifhed twelne moneths in Hell or Purgato-
riC:after which time they alfo(and fome fooner,ifthey haue bin If flc f nners)niall hauc
their part, but a lefle then the former : but to them which deny God (which become
Chri(lians) iheir fore-skin growcth againe,and as vncircumcifcd eternally arepunifh-
ed in Hell. And the fon of a deceafed lew is bound to fiy,for the (]iace of one yeare,'' a <3 See Ca/.Tji
prayer called A';^^//c^,thcreby to redecmehim from Plirgatorie ; in which rcipcft the
fatlierdicth with ioy. A good woman may do the like for her husband. But R. Bechai
(v\ ho cxchulcth all otherNations from their parr in the Rcfutrcdtion,, preferring the
levves in a fourc-fold priuilcdge.t'/a. the Land of Canaan,the Law, the Prophcs, and
the Rcfurrechon)rcciteth out of the great «^ Talmud, That three forts of men fiiall ii!c c TraU ieno'ta
againe at the day ot Judgement : onc.ofthebefilfraclites ; afecond fortcf the wicked amo^caii.i,
and worfi ; the third ot a meane, who haue done as much goc^d as euill.The good fliall
prekndy go into life eternall;thc wicked fliall be caftinto Hell.asin the twe tthoiD^-
«/tf/jand flulibc foieucrin torirjentsofbodie andfouk. The third and meaner fort of

li, finucrs



J S 2 Of the Moderne lewes Qreed^Hjrc. C h a p . / 5.



•finners flull be tormented for tvvclue months fpacc for their fins in Hell 5 al the end of
which time their bodies (lialj be confumcd.and the winde {hall fcatter their afhes vn-
der the foles ofthe fee't of theiuft, &c. And as worthily doe they prouc it out of the
!f ZMh,\y3. f ^xo^^tv. Aitdin that day tvDo farts P}all be cm 0Jf,itnddie,andthethirdPoallh:Uftthtre-
in : and 1 vill bring that tiirdpart thorow the fire, and will fine them asfduer is finrd^ and
g i,Sam.t.6. WiHtrie them oi geld U mW, And in another place, g The Lord kjlleth and maksth aline ^
bringeth downe te HeU,andraifeth vp ; luft as fitly appl!ed,as i .Cer.-^. and fuch like pla-
ces by our Purgatory-Spints. R. DausdKimchi vpon the firft Pfalmc,and Ef.z6.covn~
mcntethjThat the wicked fhall not rife, but in the day of death their foule fhall die to-
gether with their bodie. And Aben Ex-ra in his Expofition of Dan. j 2. writcth out of
K.Higgaon^Thnt many fhall rife,and many not rife,but fufter cuerlafting reproch;and
cxpoundcth it thus, that the good lewcs which die in exile, (hall ri'e againe when the
McfTias fhall come, and (hall Hue as long as the Patriatkcs before the Floud : and then
they fhall make merrie with the great Fifh Leuiathav, and the great Bird Ziz,, and the
h 5ee Ctp-io. great Oxe5f^#w«jh^ of which we fiiall fpeake after. When this is done, they fliall die,
and at the lad day fhal be raifcd vp againc,and fhall poflcffe eternall life, where flial be
i G?».4?.j<». no eating nor drinking,but glory,&c. l4cob ' defircd to be buried irvCanaan.not in E-
k s.xodfi.n. gypt, for three caufes (faith K.Salomon larchi) becaufc he forcfaw.That of the ^ Dufl
ot Egypt fhall be made Z,««: Secondly ,becaufc thclfraelitcs which die outofCanaan
{hall not rife againe without much painc of their roliingthorow the decpe and hidden
vaults of the earth: Thirdly, left the Egyptians (hould make an Idoll of him. For the
better vnderftanding hereof, let vs heare what is faid out of the booke Tanchum ( aa
Expofition of the Pentateuch) concerning this fubiedt. The Patriarkes (faith he) defu
red to be buried in Canaan, becaufe they which are there buried (hall firft rife in the
time of the MefTias. And R. Hananiah faith, That they which die out of Canaan, muft
endure two deaths : and the fame appeareth, let. 20. where it is faid, Palhar fhould goe
into Babel, and fhould there die, and there be bur ted. What (quoth R. Simon) Ihall then
all the luft perifii, which die out of Canaan ? No, but God will make them MechttloSy
that is,decpe Clifts and Caues vnder the Earth.by which they may pafTc into iheLand
ofPromife;vjh\th€T when they are come, God fhal infpire into them the breath oflifc,
1 £^«.37.iz. that they may rife againe, as it is written ', / will open your Grattet, and caufe you to com*
out of your Sepulchres, &c. The like is written in their Targnm, or Chaldian interpre-
tation of the Canticles : When the dead fhall rife. Mount Oliuct fhall cleaueafundcr,
and the Ifraelites which haue beene dead fhall come out of the fame, and they which
• haue died in ftrange Lands, comming thither by holes vnder the carth,flial come forth^
And for this caufe I my felfe (fiiith our Author) haue heard the leues fay. That fome-
■ timq fome of the wealthieft and deuouteft amongft them go into the Land of Canaan,
that their bodies may there flecpe, and fo be freed fi-om this mifcrablepaflage vnder fo
vc\.t>rur. Vrat. many deep Seas and rough Mountains, There be three forts of ■" men, fwhSalmaftu
j« Ja,5.Jij..df Ji f '/■' in the booke I nc ha fin, which fee not the face of Hell ; thofc which are extreme-
ly poore, thofc which arc in debt,thofe which are troubled with the collitke (the Ha-
fidffi chaftifed thcmfelues ten or twentic daies before their death with this paine of the
n Shrew -Pur- bovvels,that fo they might clcanlc all.and go " pure to the other world) fome adde in
gatorie. ^^jj exemption from hell,or comming co iudgement, him which had an cuill wife, and

o A^ iA.is. f<^n'e alfoMagiftratcs.Butin Pauls innc, they thcmfelues dtd allow (faith ° he) a reftir~
reliionofthedfad. both of the iftfi andvntnfi. Thzy did thenhold 3.K0 z uiTtu4-^yaai<, in
rs Mattb.i6.n, which fenftiitislikclyjthelcwes thoughtP Chrift to bc£//^/,or7<'>-fw/>, oroneofthc
Prophets: and the Di.'ciplcs fomewhat ibwred with this lcuen,asked of the blind man,
q lo,9. 1 whethrhe hudfm.cd, vnderftanding, as it fecmeth, according to thclewifti errour,

r 'ibif, radCil- when tiis foule had bin in fome former body. And the Cabaliftical Authors, faith f£//4/
gu!, Leuifa^ are ofopmion that eucry foule is three times created, they meane, it rollcth or

f hb.^i. paHlth thorow thicc mens bodies, according to that of f Job, God work^th all thefe

tkirgs xvttk a man thricc.So the foule of the firft ir.an(faith hc)rol!ed it fclfc into the bo-
die o^Dacrd, and fhali thence returne into the bodie of the McfTias. So they fay that
thcfcules of finncrs prflc into the bodies ofbeafics; as if a man commiiteth So-
domic, his foule pafTcch into a Hare^ becaufe that creature is fometimes Male,

fometimes



Chap. I J. ASIA. the fecond "Booke, I85

fomctimcs female : the fo;ile of the adulterer paflcth into a Cainell.

Now CO come from their Faith to their vvorkcs: The wife Rabbincspcrfwade the
filly people. That they arc the only cled people of God, who eafily can keepe, not the
Dec4log»e ,ox ten Commandemcnts alone, but the whole Lnrv ofMofes, They diuide
the whole Law into fixe hundred and thirtecneCommandcments, andthcfnagaine
into Precepts and Prohibitions : Of the commanding Precepts they number two hun-
dred fortie and eight ; iuil fo many as ((according to the Rabbines Anatomic) a man
hath members in his bodic. Of the prohibiting Commandemcnts, they reckon three
hundred, threefcore and fiue, ' as many as aredaycsintheyeare, « or(3s!nthebooke iKmhaindh
Brandf^ie^ti) veines in a mans bodie. Therefore it euery member o^ a man doc eucry /"'•f'^-
dayperformconeoftheTrfCfpfT.andomitoncofthe things prohibited, the whole " f'-ravM;
Law of Mofss (haW be euery yeare, and fo for cucr, fulfilled. Their wife Rabbines fay
further, That the men only are to obferue thofc fixe hundred andthirteenc Comman-
dements, the women are only fubieft to the 'Pro/:;/^;//ff«j; yea, of thofc prohibitcrie
Mandates, onely to threefcore and foure are they obliged by fome,and to fix and thir-
tieofthe former;andthisbecaufeofthcirother houfliold-bufincfle, and fubiediion
to their imperious husbands. Some of their dccpcly-wife Rabbines addc to thofc fixe
hundred and thirtecne, fcueo other Commandements, making vp the number of fixe
hundred and twcntic j iuft fo many s ? arc " letters in tlie Decalon^ac, and as arifc ofthe x mdeccm prii:,
woidiCfr^r, fignifyingaCrowne :for wercitnotforthcLaw, God would not hauc fitnt m Uir,x
created the World ; and tor the obfctuation thereof it yet fubfifteth. And they which <?<«•'/''■•:-/■'•«•-
kecpeallthc Commandemcnts, do kx. a Crownc on the head of God, and he vpon the ^p'^"^ t^''*^,
head of thofc which crowne him, fhsli fee Icuen Crowncs^and make th-^m to inhcrite urJfHnf^,<ete-.
feuen Chambers in Paradite, and will kcepethcm from the feuen infcrnall DungconSj re» quao'^cn.
becaufc they hauc obtained the fcuenHeaucns, and the feuen Earthcs. duiCT.plagas

Their Wife-men affirmc,Thateuery veine of the bodie ofa man doth prouoke him ^'^ «■'«'"««'' ^
to omit that which isforbidden, and hce which dochomit fuch their vaincvcine-war- |f^" "■"^^''''r'
ning, hath no good veine in him : euery of his members alfo doc prouoke him to per- le.zi! Et'hoe
forme thofc /»^r/V<»««»f/i7M/. But as vaincfliould 1 be asthey, if I fliould not make eft qued dixit
fome cnd,wherc they can finde none. We wouldnow from thefe generalities proceed Mifes, Ego -
to the particulars of their fupcrftitions, tracing them herein fronuheir birth to their ^°b'^ pfi-'pof"i
graucs, Religion being, in the pretence oftheirlaw, thefquarc ofall their (otherwife tenw/'fi!""?'
ciuill) anions ; at leaft to fpcake of their Superftitions in the fame. But firft, feeing Se- irKc.advttun"
^<j/?/<2« ^/««/??r hath written a whole bookc, both in Hebrew and Latine, of thofc fix & ftpiemi'la.
hundred and thirtecne Precepts, taken out oi Mafcs, with the Expofitionsofthcir .«:'«*«' mortem;
Rabbines, as alio?, ^tcms hath done, and PhiloFerdi»a»d\\kcW\(zo\it of BenKat- '' ^^.^^^K^f-
tuit, Ithought good to cull out fome, which fceme moft remarkable andflrange, to "''' '*^''*'
cntertaincourReaderjoutof him, atid^if;«*.

OVT OF THE NEGATIVE PRECEPTS EX-

rOVNDEDByTHEyRABBINES. y I'rtcMof.

iUKiexf.Kab.

1. •TpH#» /hult bakenoflraiige (jodsinmy ftght, Exod. 20. Thcname of Glod is h^capudil<im~

JL forbidden to be communicated to any creature. kam injine Me-

2. ThaHflMltnot violate ^ mine holy name. Thoufhalt notdcftroy aSynagogueor ''(^'^•&l'-Ki-
Temple be itncucr fo old, norfliall blot out one ofthe holy names, whercfocucr thou f'""'* '^^ ^'**,^"
findeft it written. The Rabbines fay,If any doe againft an AfTirmatiuc Precept.andre- tr^'i-^j/-;,';
pent, his finne is forgiucn hi m : but hee which tranfgreffeth a N-cgatiue Precept,is not p-,- I'kd.Fcrdin.
cleanfcd by repentance, but it rcmaiucth to the day of £A-p/<?//o« (which is the day of i i.e«if,it.ji«
their folemne FaH and RecoKciliation.) But he which committeth a finne, whereby he

deferucth Death, or Excommunication, is not then purged, but mult abide thereunto
the diuinechailifcments: and he which violaCeth thcnarnc of God, cannot be abfol-
ued from that finne but by death.

5. Thoidfljaltnct ^ hate thy hrother in thy heart. He which is wronged by another, a Liull.i^A';;
fliould not hate him, and holdhis peace, butreprouc himopcnly} andif heeicpent,

R 2 ' h«



1 04 Of the Modenie lewes Mofakall Precepts* C h a p ,i 5 .



he ought not to be cruell to him : But if any be often rcproucdj and will not amend, it
fAfjnfo.$.4j. islawfulltohatehim, ThisChrifl '■ confuteth.

t nr'::l^4. 14 'P- ^ '^ A-^o.'/w tdbe adored. Ifa man haue athorneinhisfoot, he maynotbow
yid.E!(:,<{itir„ before an Image to pull it out: and ifmoney fall outofhishand,hemaynottherc,be-
nem hnim i/,.t-_ fore an Image,Hoop to take it vp,lcft he might feem to adore it,but he muft fit downc
tepti ap. P.Hia- o,-) [he ground to doe it. And if the water of a Fountaine bee caufed to palTe thorow
'Ha.'ui'l^'.u.l'l'L' tl^c mouth ofanIma"e,he may not drinke thereat, lefthee {houldfeeme tokifle the
fiiyu. Image.

u Exod.io.i^. 22. ^» " //K^_^^w«4)'«or ^rwrf/iif.'Z'/t.ThcImageofa man infiluerorgoldjifitbc
cmbo{r:dor fctout, but if itbe ftampediumettall (inmannerof afealc) it islawfull.
ButofBeafts, Birds, Trees, and Flowers, thole prominent Images (which are made
ttanding out) are lawfull. Ocherwife ot the Sunne, lyloone and Starrcs.
X Dcut.j, 4^. JVo ^ commeditie is to be raifedfrom Idols. Ifa Tree be planted neere an Image,

one may not fit vnder the fliadow thereof,nor p aflc vnder it,if there be any other way:
ond ifhc mud paflc, it muft be running. Things imployed to Idolatricmaybevfcdof
vs, if; he Gentiles haue firft prophancd them. It is not lawfull to fell them Waxeor
Frankincenlc,efpccially at their Candlcmaflc Feafl ; nor bookcs to vfc in their Seruice.
Our women may not performe a Mid-wiues office to them, nor nurfe their children,
c S.xi)d.io.io. 05. Thou [halt y doe »o works "'' the fctiemh day. Notliing that belongcth to the

getting of Food or Raymcnt. It is vnlawfull to walke on the graffe, left thou pull it vp
with thy feet ; or to hang any thing on the bough of a tree, lefi it breakc ; or to eate an
apple, plucked on the Sabbath, cfpecially if the tayle or wooddcn fubilance, whereby
itgrowcth, be on it; or to mount on a horfe, lefthee be galled; or to goe into water,
Jeitthou wipe thy cloathcs : which holdeth alfo, if they be moyflened with Wine ot
Oy;e(butnotina womanthatgiueth fucke) who may wipe her doaths, for the more
puritie of her prayers. The (topple of a Vcfl'ell, if it be of Hempe or Flax, may not be
thrufl in, though it runue, efpecially if any other Veflell be vnder. To mixe Murtard-
fccd with wine or water ; to lay an apple to the fire to roaft j to wafh the bodie, chiefc-
ly with hotte water ; to fwcate ; to wafh the hands ; to doc any thifig in priuate, which
may not be publikcIydone:(butfoniefay, it is lawfull priuatcly to rubbeoff the durt
With his nailes from his cloathes, which p'lblikely he may not : ) To reade by a Light,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 38 of 181)