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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 44 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 44 of 181)
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way their finnes. A white Cock for thispurpofe is principal!; a red Cock they vfe forfooie co
not.fortheyarefullof (innethemfeluesby£p//fc<authoritic, <= If your fmnes were red whom ihey
M fcarlet , drc, ^ ^ntonius MArgaritaiuih , That this propitiatoriccreaturefliou'd owe fomefpc-
hcan y4pe,2s moft like to a man ; but they vfe a Cock for the names fake : a man in He- <^'3" Sr^tlge,
brew is Geaber , which is the Talmudicall or Babylonifh name of a Cock. Thus thofe ^ulj-^y^g^'^j^^^
that with a Rammes home beguiled theDeuill, and with a Cock beguiled God, iufily ;„ ihele words
beguiled themfelues, who refu I'e that facrifice of Chrifl- , /» whofe finpes they might hee Oodmakt tbie '
healed. They haue another fable ofa Cock mentioned by £ 'L'»i?e>-C<jri^f»/;i-, thinking my cocl^tbis
that as often as a Cock ftands on one legge and his combe lookes pale,that God is an- F^*'-
grie : which hapneth, they fay, eueryday, and only in the day time, and that but the ^ jftiilrcar
twinkling of an eye. And therefore they praifcGod which hath giuenfuchyndcrftan- g yi'uxirbin.
ding to a Cock. li.cot.iud.c.\x

After the performance of this Cock-facrificc, they goetotheburiall-place, vfing h Shall bee
like ceremonies there, as on Ncw-yeares euen : and after noone, bathe them likcwifc. "''^'\'' ['""^'f'
After Euen fbng , he which hath offended others, askes them forgiueneffe, which ifhc ;'' ^^y^^J l '
obtaine not at firft , then the offender taketh with him three other, and asketh the fe- haue finned
condand third time: if all thisbeinvaine, he taketh ten others and reneweth his fuite; againftGod
if he obtaine, it is well ; if not, God will hold him excufcd, and the other particfliall anddnsny
beguiltiefij if the partie offended be dead, theoffender, with ten other goeth to the Jq"'*^'!^'*" j
grauc, and there confefleth his ' faults. They confcfTeone toanotheralfo, and thatin ihus:ifhce
a fecret place of their Synagogue, where each recciucth mutually at his fellowes hand owcth him
with a leather belt nine and thircieblowes : at each blow the partie beaten beateth moniehce
himfcit'e on the breaft, and faith one word of his Confeffion, taken out of the feuentic P^"^''.^ " '**'
and eight Pfalme, and eight and thirtieth k Verfe, being in theHebrew fifteen words, i"\\i„^jjh
which he thricerepcatethnhentheflrikerlyethdowne and receiueth likepenanceat nonehecon-
the hands of the former, you may iudge with what rigour. This done, they runnc fcflcihitand
hortie, and make merrie with the Cocks and Hens before mentioned, fupping large ly, ''^"e* « in the

becaurcofthencxtdayesfaft. Their fuppcrmuft be ended before Sunnc-lct: for then p'l"''- Z^"'-
' ^* _, 1 . k Yet he being

T 3 begin. „,,„f„;i, ^f.



no



The lewip) Feaftsyicrc.



Chap, 18,



Their fiue hi;«
miliationsat
the teaft of Re-
conciliation.



^ Manet 14.
hortuinSy>iu%
gogn & pMMt
Vciim iUis rc-
mittere amnio,
pfceituprietcrita
fiperiorii anni.
VenKat.frxc.

3'3.



bcginneth their faft. They put on their clcancft rayment , and oucr the fame , a great
and large lliirt downe to the fhooes, to tcftifie their puricic. They rcfort to their Syna-
gogues with waxe candles (in Germanic they haue for cucrie man one) and then iiehc
them. The women alfo light Candles at home, as on the Sabbath. Itisominous if
the Candles burnc not ckarly. They Ipread the floore with Carpets , foi foiling their
pureft clothes.

Their humiliations at this Fcaft arc fiue : firft, foure and twcntie,or fclien and twcn-
tie houres faft, whercunto children are fubieft : the Males after twelue yeares , the Fe-
males after cleucn. Secondly,they wcarenofliooes. Thirdly, they mufl not annoint
them. Fourthly,norbathethcm, no not put a finger into the water. Fiftly, norcom-
paniewith, no not touch their wiues. Before they beginne prayers, thirteene of the
f rincipall Rabbies, walking in the Temple, giue licence to all , both good and badde,
to pray. Andihc Pracentor or Reader {etchcththcBookc out of the Arke,andope-
neth it, finging a long prayer, beginning all compafts, vovvcs, andoathes,&c. infi-
nuatingjthat allthevowes, promifes, oathcs , and coucnants, which euery lew had
that ycare bioken.be difannulled and pardoned : and that,becauie now all haue power
to pray and praife God. They continue finging till late in the night. Some remaync
all night ' in the Synagogue -. yea the dcuouter Ibmcfiand vpright finging and praying
without intcrmiirion all that feart , the fpacc of fcucn and twentie houres in the fame
phcc. Thofc that departed the Synagogue, returne in the morning before day , and
there ftsy all that day. Often they proftrate themfelucs with their face coueted,at euc-
ry vvordoftheirConfeflionsknockingtheirbreaft, When it beginneth to bee night,
thcPrieftdrawethhisT'<«//<'.f (a large cloth made of haires) before his eyes, andpro-
nor.nceth theblefling , T<lumh.6. holding his hand towards thepeople, whomeane-
whilecouertheir faces with their hands c for they maynotlookeonthePricftshand,
bccaufc the fpirit of God refteth thereon. Then he fingcth a prayer feucn times toge-
ther, fometimes higher , fometimes lower with bis voice rbccaufe that God now af.
cendeth from them into the feuenth Heaucn : and they with their fwect melodic bring
him on the way. Then they make a long and fhrill found with their Rammes-horne-
trumpct : and there followcth prcfcntly a voice from Heaucn , Coe eate thy hre/id with
toy and glaii}7effe,&c. After this they returne home, fome carrying home their lights,
to diftinguifh theholy Times (as you haue heard)from the prophanc rfomc Icaue them
in the Synagogue all the ycare, at certayne times lighting them. Some Saint- lewes
piouide to haue a wax-light continually burning all the year long in the Synagogue. In
their returne they wifh to each other a good ycare. For thr Bookcs,beforc mentioned,
are now clofed ; nor may they cxpe^ any alteration. Thty fiip largely, and betimes the
next morning returne to the Synagogue, left Sathanfhould complaync at fo foone a
cooling of their zcalc. But the Deuill may be quiet; for when the Law was giuen,
a Seimmael the euillfiiritcomplained,that he had power ouer all people, but the If-
raclites rGodanfwercc'; That he ftiould haue power ouer them, \? onihz Rtcomilia.
tion-day he found any finne in them : But he finding them pure, faid. That this his peo«
pic were like the Angels, lining in vnitie, without eating or drinking. The lewes haue
a ceremonie to giue the Deuill gifts on this day, either not to hinder them : or elfc, bc-
caufc '■■ Gifts biinde the fVtfe,

The lewes diuide the Law into two and fiftie parts,and reading euery Sabbath one,
the laft falleth on the next day after the feaft of Tabernacles, about the three and twcn-
f ticthf^ay of September. In this' day they leape, dance, and make much icy. They
affemblein their Synagogue, and take all the hookas of the Lnxv outofthcArke (lea-
ning in it mcane-while, that it be not left cmptic, a burning light) they readcthefirft
Lecture and the laft thereof, and leape about the Arke with the Bookes ; and they
hurlePeareSj Nuts, and fuch fruits among the youth, which in their fcrambling fome-
times fall together by the cares, and marre the fport. On this day they fell their Sy na-
gogue-officesjthe Claike making proclamation : who will giue moft a: the third time,
obtayncthfirft the office of lightning the Lights all the yeare , then that ofprouiding
the Wine, which they vfe to beginne the Feaftsvvith, in rclpcd of the poorc, which

haue



a PirJj;c C.4«.



b £A:fli.i3.8,



c The feaft o
the Lawe fini
ihcd.



i



Chap.iS. ASIA. "the fecond 'Booh, HI



haucno wine to hollow at home. Thirdly , Is fct to falc the office Gclilah , of folding
vp and vnfokling the Law. Fourthly, Hagiohah, of Wfiing vpthc Law, and carrying
it in ProLcfTion. Fiftly , The office Etz,-cha!jm, of touching thofe turned pccces of
wood, whereto the Law is faficncd: which the yong men arc forward to buy, in hope
of holinelTe and longer life. Sixthly , Acheron , to bee called forth laft on the feftiuall
daycs.toreadcfonicwhatofthcLaw. Seuenthly, iVif/r/^.tobe deputed orfubflitU-
ted in place of the negligent officer, &c. The monie, hence arifing,is for the vfe of the
poore, and reparations of their Synagogue : but in thele fale-offices, svealth hath more
honour then vvorthinenc.

Their fe ? ft ot T)eiiicatton, wee cannot fay much more of, then that which alrcadie
hath beenefaid: much nicencfle herein is obferued, about the lights wherewith they
folf mnize thisdarkncflc, which I willingly omit Jthefe lights they vfe in their houfes
all the Ipace of thefe eight daies burning.

Their ' feaft oiLots they kccpe with all riot two d jyes,as with fome at Shroue-tide : ' Hufpi/iian. ei
themen dif^uifuigthemfclucsin womcnshabitc; the women in mens : they quaffc M.Lombard.
and drinke "(it is, laith RaUi ffiac, Ttraa, a good workc) till they finde no difference
bctwecnc oy^rnr Haman, and 'Struck Mordecat : cnrfed ^f-r H a si a n , hlcjfed bee
MoRDECAi; vociferations that day obferucd.

They ' obferue fcf^iuall thcEquinodials and Solflices; and a cena.'me Rogation day: a Hofmm.
they vie the fafts before mentioned out oiZach.y. w ith ctlicr fuperftitions. Some of
thcmbfaffalfo, asisfaid , onMondaycs andThurfdayes ; and fome on the tenth of b Sn.iud,
March tor the death ofO^finam : at whofc departure, a ccttayne fountaine dtyed vp, ^^xdorf,
and the people were left without water ; but in this rnoneth the moll Rabbins will not
allow fafting,becaufe of their dcliuerance therein out of Egypt .Some faft for the death
of 5rfw««/,AptilI 28, and for the taking of the Arke, Aprill lo. and at other times for
other Prophets Some faft on thenew-moones euen': feme, when they haue had an
jnfortunate dreamc ; and all that day in which their Father died , through their whole
life. Their fafiing is an abffinence from all eating and drinking till night. But of thcfe
fa^is and other their folcmnities, is faid before in thc-abftraft of their K.ilendar , taken
cutctf lofcfihScaliger. Theirfaft on the ij. ofthefoyrth Monethforthe deftruflion
/of theivCitie is rigoroufly kept j and from thence to the ninth day of the moneth fol-
lowing, arc holden vnluckic dayes, in which fchoole makers may not beat their fchol-
lers, nor any man will fue at the law. And for the burning of the Temple in the ninth
day ofthe fifth moneth they goe bare-foot, reade heauie {torics, and leremies Lamen-
tations, and mourne among the graues ofthe dead^and^re fad all that moneth : from
the firft to the tenth they care no flcfh nor drinke winej nor bathe, nor marrie, nor cut
their haire ; the fue not at the law ; for Hofee faith, The iKoneth fl^alldeuoine their for. Hn(.^.-j„
tio»:a{)dthejlhalll;eta!^en,i'akhJerc?Kie, in their rnqntth. On the eight day they eatc ^f^»•l4•
only Lentils : for they may not eate Peafe or Beanes.becaufe they haue black fpots like
mouthcs, which Lentils want , and therefore more^tly rcprcfent a heauie man which
wanteth his mouth for forrow ; egges they may eate in the night for their roundnefle :
forforrowas if it were round rolleth from one to another. They haue their faftsalfo
on fpeciall occafions.as they tell of one Chone Hammagal , which in a great drought,
put himfelfe into a pie made fit for his body, and prayed, faying, Lordvf ihet-Vorld.the
tyes of thy children are vpen me , Oi one vfhom they thmke fumilinr with thee : 1 fweare by
thy holy name that I wtllnot come hence till thou fhew rnercie , And then it rained prefent-
]y, for how could it choofe. They tel! the fame pie- tale ofy1/o/wlikewife,and of ff^^
/Jjc//f, expounding that Hab.z.x. I will flandonrj/yrvatch , 1 will ftand in my Pie.
Their manner is, faith l^iEler Carbenfis,x.o curfe Tttfu^znd fiiy he was ofthe generation
vf ylgiig the Amalechite^-iTiA fiich a blaiphe mcr asncucr was any,and that for his blaf-
phcmics he was Ibiken with madncffc.



Chap.



Ill Of their Cookery ^'Buttherji, Manages jPmuJhments,Funerals,Cu A?. i^.



BHxderf.Sjn.
md.c.x6.& d.



*Tliey ground

thefc abfurdi-
tics on Piiofci
hiswordcs.

a The knife
may not after
be vfedjCxcept
heated red hot
in the fire
three houres ,
and three
daies hidden
withceaith,
and three
times p'Jt into
water, h'lcl.
Caih.l.uc.li.
b Ninehoiiics
{aihCarboif,
This they ga-
ther out of
Num 31.13-



Evoi.ii.^l,



Chap. XIX.

of their Coohrie , Butcherie , Marriages , Tmifjments^
Fnneralh.

'<g^^ ^o'@Vc why doe we ihtcrtayne you fo long in Feafis and Fafts ? both almoft
"^^ ^l violent to humane nature, howfoeucrtheGlutton is neuer glutted with



^^-the one, and the fupcrHitious rather kill the flcfli , then the vices of the
flefti, with the other ? tjiiedio ttttifsimus this. We will foberly recreate
7^^^ your fpirits with a walke into the Cookc-roome,ar.d thence to the but-
cherie, and then to the Bridc-chatnber, to take view of their Efpoufals,
Marriages, Diuorcc?, and thencediuorce your eyes from thcfe fpcd^acles , and diucrc
them to their Bcggers, Penances, and to that fatall dluorce, endmg your walke wheic
thewalkesofallflelTiend, at Death and the Graue. Thcyhauc ' Kitchen vcfTclU of
two forts, one for flefli,another for whit-meats. Their milke veflels ofwood are mar-
ked with three cuts, becaufe that fentence, Thou flult not feethe a Kid in his motheiS
w//^*, is three times in the Law repeated, Euery lew carrieth two kniues with him,
one for flefh ; the other for cheefe and fifli , and thefe alfo are marked with three cuts.
And ifthcfeveffcllsfhould be intermingled ", our lew might not eate that which is
drcfled therein ; yea the innocent veffels are broken if ofearth,moft accurately wafhcd
ifof wood, and purged in the fire if they be ofyron. They feethe not milke and flcfhat
one time,and ouer one fire, ouer againft each other : nor fet them together on the Ta-
ble, but fcparatethem with fomwhat fet betwcene. One cloth is laid for flcfli,and an-
other for whit-meate. Hee which eatcthflcfli, or broth thereof, may not eate whitc-
meatesan houre after, yea the moft religious will abrtame *> fixe houres after. Yet may
they eate a Hen together with Al'rtiond-milke. If any haue not the gift of fuch abfti-
nence, very carefully murt he clcanfc his teeth and wafh his mouth , and with a pcece
of drie bread take away the tafte of the flefh. If any fuet fall into their whit-meats,they
may not be eaten, except there be fixtie times as much of the meat as of the fuet. An
cgge may not bepoched in a fltfh.VcfTell : they breake it alfo , and diligently obferuc
that none of that bloudie refemblance in the top of the egge rcmainc. If m cutting vp
of a Hen they finde eggcs, they may not eate them ti'l they bee wafhed and fofincd in
water and fait. Flefli and fifh may not be drefled, or fet on the table,or eaten, together:
for this (they write) would bring the lepiofie. In their diet difficulties they confult
with thcirRabbines. GlafTbs,knuues,andall their kitchinvcflells new-bought, mufl
be curioufly wafhed, and if they will bcare it, purged with the fire.

Butcherie is with the lew cxaited aboue the liherallfci(f!ccs,2.x\d muf^ be learned by
much bookiflines and long expSfience. They haue a booke of fhamblc-conftitutions,
and in harder cafes they aduifc'with fomc learned Rabbi. Neither may any praftifc
this Arte without licence from the Rabbi,whereby he fignifieth that he had taken exa-
mination and proofc of the partie,and found him expert therein both in word & deed,
and therefore hath permitted him to kill , and others to eate the meate bv hnn killed :
prouided that he diligently reade euery wecke for one yeare, and euety month the next
ycarc, and once a quarter during his life,the Coi.ftitutions abouefaid. They haue their
cfpeciall kniues, for this bufincfle, great ones for greater cattell, and fmall forthe fmal-
Icr : the greater haue blunter and broader points : if they haue any rifts in them they
may not V fe thcm.The greater beaf^s feet mufl be bound in remembrance o^ Abrahams
binding ffaac, and then with one cut or thrufi he cutteth the Wefand afunder ; w hich
done he lookcs on his knife ifthere be any rift in it for that would terrific the beafl,and
caufc the blond to reccnle back to the heart, whereby the beaff would not be fit for vfe
asretayningfomcofthebloud. After this, heehaiigs vp the beaft, takes out the in-
wards, and cutting a hole on both fides of the heart, thrufteth his hand through the
fameintothebodieofthebea(J,tofearchifcherebeeanybloud :and if there bee any
fault in the beafi it is not for their diet , applying that which the law faith of a carkaffc
found torne in the fields. They cut the throat ofa bird inlike manner, if it be a Foule
which hath quills in the wings , in remembrance of an office performed by thefcules

fbmctimes.



C H A p.ip. ASIA. Thefecond Booke,



U^



ATHtuumpork

{aiunt)pifi^mi-
tMmuiubin e-
aminvafit:^
ciimfutycxijju
deiirra,zoUc-
cres aduoldii'.nt^

yir-^initatii e-
ius m terrain
occHlueru/it ;
'dei'q^dttii mana
dauit Jitngm-
fcm allium ma-



fomctimes/ as they fay to Rfl>ece4,VJheh flic defcendcd from her Camel at the fight of

Ifa.ik^znA therefore they let the fowle bleed into aheap ofaflies and therein couer the

bloud. They cDUer the blouldalfo of o.hcr creatures in the ground, becaufe the Earth

opened her mouth to drinke in the bloud oi Abel-.iad becaufe Satan fhould not accuie

men ofiniuftice for flaying the innocent beafts, feeing fo much bloud-fhed by them.

When they haue killed a great beafj, they cut out all the veines and finewes (of which

fubic<5l they haue written fpeciall Treatifes) and likcwife all the Suet;which doneythey

diue them in water to mollifiethcni, and vvafh them tliroughly to rinfe away all the

bloud; and then lay them on a bord, that all the water may paffefromthem rafter

which they fait them in a vefleli full of holes, that the fait may draine out all whatfoe-

ucr bloudineffe yet remaining. They eat not the hinder parts in remembrance of ^ In-

fo^i- thigh. __

But in Italy they haucinucnted a newanatomi7.ingtrick,by taking away the veines 6Utarumtcgere.
and finewes to make thcni lawfull. Pitie they cannot doe the like for fwine and other ^ Gc».ji.
forbidden meats : but you fee they hanefometrickcs to coufin God, as before to cou-
fin the Diuell : but the moft coufinage (faue that in the former they coufin themfelues)
is to Chriftians which buy thofeliinder parts of them,in polluting thofe meats, before
they fell them, with filth, and with vrine of their children, adding curfes and impreca-
tions to the enters. Thus you fee the lew-butcher had need be no botcher, but halfe a
Phyfitian in Anatomizing,and halfe aRabbine in cafes ofconfcience.And whoknow-
eth whether fo many I ewifli Phy fitians come not from(and perhaps alfo carrie to) the
Shambles?

But weary of this bloudic fpeftacle, let vs take a more pleafant view, of their Vir-
gins and Efpoufals. Thefe were made, faith ' Mo fts de K6tfi,e\x.\\tx With moneybox c Lib.Pnecep,
•with an inftrument,or withcopu!ation.It fcemcth this laft is vnderftood of fuch as had ' ^^' ^'^- ^''"/^
lien with a maide, and therefore muft by the ^ Law marriehcr (if the father denied ^"^Vwrf^ii*
himnot his daughter) whereas othcrwife they might not haue carnall companic be- «^DfW »r. »9.
fore the marriage were folemnizcd, this being forbidden no e jeffe then to lie with a e Lil/.:^iHfar,'
woman in her difeafe. Their Prayer-bookc f faith thus. He which fhall clpoufe a wo- "/' *
nian,bringethwitnefles, and before them doth betroth her with money , or fomc what ' ^'''•3^4«
mortey-worth,whichhegiuethherfaying,Bethouefpoufedto mc according to the
Law oCMofes alid Jfrae/. If there be no witneflcs it is nothing, notwithftanding they
both confefle it. If one fhall affiance a woman to another,he faith,Be thou efpoufed to
7v(. with this Ring, according to the Law oiMefes and Ifrael. g Buxdorfitu (to whom g sjn Jud.c.it.
I am moft beholding in many of thefe reports) writeth that when promifehath paf-
fed betweene two, many lewcs are called together into a great chamber : where cue-
tie of the youthesholdcth a pot in his hand. Then comes one, and reades the letters
of contra6t,that7\(^.fonneofA^. and?^. daughter of Iv^. hauepromifed marriage to
each other, each gluing fo much in dowrie, which marriage is to be folcmnired on
fuch a day : and the partie which failcth in the promifes, ftiall giuc the other fiftie Flo-
rens. This done, they wifhioy to each other: andthelewlings prefently break?' their
earthen pots, whereby they fignifie to the parties profperitie and abundance. At par-
ting, euery one hath a cup of wine giuen them. Eight dayes after neither partie goeth
out ofthc houfe : and many youthes come and make merrie with the Bridegrome, imi-
tating (theythinke) Sampfon herein. Some fay ^ that the man taketh the eljioufcd h.Dmf.vbifuf^
Bride home to his houfe.to be both witneffe and keeper of her virginitie till the marri-
age Iblemnitie.The day before the marriage, the Bride muft wafh her in that abfolute
manner ' before de{cribed,certaine women ringing with fomewhat when fhc goeth
in and out of the watcr,fomeof them alfo leaping and dancing.The Bridegrom.e fends
the bride a wedding girdle embofled with ^ gold,and fhe him another with filuer fluds.
On the wedding day the Bride adorncs her felfe in the beft lewifh drefle, with her ma-
nage attire, and by women finging their fweeteft Eftthalamia'\% conueyed into a fimmvirtal-
chamber, and there placing her on a faire featc, braid her hairc into goodly curies, and ^1^.^'^ '^'^
put a vailc ouer her eyes (in imitation of Rebeccas modcftie) finging mean.while,daiv.
cing, and exptefling thcgrcatcfi fignesof ioy, thinking they therein pleafc God, as
being taught by their Rabbinesj that God vfcd the like curling, finging and dancing,

YS'h^a



k 7d^ (aiebitl

lut'x.ijier) quta.



2 1-4 Of their Coohrj!j'BntcheryjMaria^eSyTunip?m€nts,Fmierals»CiiA? ,1 9,



1 n- - /- « when he prefcntedi;«e to ft/^<i<»»? ;' yea rcfiifed not to fcruc tliat new couple, and

R.Einier.c.ii. With his ownc hands made the canopie vnder which they were to recciue their marn-

Brandffigel.c.i^i age blclTing, the Angels withpipcsandtrumpctsmakingmuficke to leade the dance.

m Gf«.i.i2. Xhat w'hich Mofes {zith'^,God built a woman x\\ii Tahnud intcrpreteth,Htf made carles^

snA he brought her to Adam, to wit, with leaping and dancing.When the marriage be-

nyHM.Thif. nedi<ilionistobefolcmnizcd: fourcboyesbearea " canopicon foure poles into the

rad.Cbaphj, place appointed, which is foBieftreet or garden » abroad in the open aire, the people

that'thcy'ihiU fouttd'tn^theix &cchmiUons^BleJfed be he rvhich commeth.The'Bude (beinglcdby o-

iBultiply like thers) goeth three times about the Bridcgrome, as a cockc goeth about a hen,and that

thd btarrej in forfooth tofulfill thatProphccic, P ./^ rvoman/hall csmpajfe amatr : he alfo muft fetch

number. Qp^ compaffe about her. The people alio befprinklc the Bride with wheat.crying out,

P f/J*"-^ '^•"' Increafe andmitltiflie, according to that of the Pfalmift, 1 Hefilleth thee with the fat of

'4 •' • j^ij^^f^ Jnfome places ihcy mingle money with the wheat, which the poorclcvvcsga-

' ?/iUj.io. thcrvp. The Bride ftands on the right hand, for it is written, ^ Tbywtfcjiandetb at thy

r(^ki<»««/: with herfacealfoto the South, forthen fhe fhallbe fruitfuJl. The Rabbi

vvhichmarrieih them, tiketh the end of the Veftmcm about the Bridegromcs ncckc,

TRHth.i,9.& (they call it TVJ/.?/ J and puts it on the Brides head, after the example off Toaz. iad

E^el^.ie.n. ^//jArandthentakesaglaffbfilled with wine, ouer which hce vttercth the marriage

blefTing pray ling God by whofe inftinft thefe perfons were efpoufed : and fo reachcth

the glalle to them, and bids them driiike, Thisglafle, if fiiebe a Virgin, hath but a

harrow mouth, at Wormes they vfe an earthen pot. Now thcRabbirecciuinga Ring

t Scmefaper- of pure gold, without any 'lewellinit, and fliewcthictoforacwitneflcs,asking them

fticiouflyen. jf it bc good andworththc money itcoft; and then puts it on the brides finger, and

giaue therein, ^^^ aloud Voice pronounccth the fpoufall letters. Aftcrthis hctakei anothcrglaflc

ZJflTr'.i^, of wine,andbleflethGod that the Bridegromeand Bride haue accepted of each o-

VUntzlupiter, thcr, and giues it them to lalte. Thjs done,thc Brjdcgromc breaketh the lormer glaflc

vmich they againft the wall or ground, in remembrance of the dcftruflion of Icrufalcm : in which

would borrow ic(pe(^, in fome places they put afhcs on the Bridegromes head. Hce weareth for this



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 44 of 181)