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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 47 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 47 of 181)
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TruihjWhichhach promifed (as Pus^hli'o Rom. 1 1. expoundeth the for.-ner Prophets)
the vnchangeablenejfe ofCjods ElcBien, the hottomlejfe Sea ef his (JMercies,the vnfearch-
ablenejfe of hii ludgements, minifta hope beyond hope. Hccreunto alfo may be
added the common grounds, both oi Rcafon , which they holde with vs in Nature ;
and of the Scripture, the auncienter partes whereof, and efpecially the Lawc oi
Oliofes , they maintaine with equall acknowledgement, and (for the moft part)
with more forward induftrie and z.cale , then doe ttie commoner fort of Chri-
ftians.
d Tmpedi- But the'' impediments which hauchitherto,and do yet with-hold them from Chri-

reentsofthe ftianitie,doe cxceede in number and power. For that fore-ftalled prciudicc of theirs,
Icwes cornier- fijf g[gfy g^d^g Templc,t\\c facrifices and Icgall wotfhips paft , their hopes then and ftill
**"■ of fuch a Monarch to their Mc-fsias ,as you haue heard of^the fplendour of theif renow-

ned Anceftors.thekeepingofthcDiuineOracIes , their peculiar title of being; Gods
people,hauebredinthemfuchafwellingpride,th3tchey naturally enuie and abhorre
the very thought thereofjthat thcGentiles fliould in thefe things eyther equall or fuc-
ceedethcm.

Sooner ( faith fJMartm <= Luther) then they would endure that the Gentiles (which

eLu!h.mMich. j,! thgjr^Jaiiyprayeis they curfc and reuilc) fhould haue any part with them in their

' * ^^/i/jM^and be accounted CO heiresthereof,thcy would crucifie ten A/e/;/<»i.f : yea (if

it were polTible) would doe to death God himfelfc, with all the Angels and creatures

elfc.although they rhould therefore vndergoe a thoufand hcls.

Hence,in a greatpart proceedeth their naturall and long continued obftinacic. And
bcridesthatpreiudice,pride,andenuie,they are not a little fcandalized from theChri-

ftians



Chap. 21. ASIA. Thefecond Booke, 215



flians themrelue<:, fomcvvhat in regard of the miituall differences afiddifagrecments a-
mong Protc(hnts ; which, though in it fclfe bad, is made much worfe by the viifcalo-
nable and vnrcafonable exaggeration of their common aducrfarie , tlic Papift : but
more, inrcfpcct of thole which call thcmjelues Cdtholik,rs ^ r.nJcrenot ^ buteuenby
thcfe men are found to be manifeft Idolaters. ''A fcandall it \s to fee Gods Lrtrvl^eg- J Rdiclonof
lc6tcd, and mans cxaitcd with rigour : a greater matter, at fomc times to catcflcdi, the Wcit parts
thcntheadultcrouspollutionof cheflcfh atany tinierthe blafphcmics of fome Nati-
ons ; th-fe being intcriejtions to the vulgar, and phrafcs of gallantrie to the Princes :
thcforging and packing of miraclesi wherein the Friers and lewcsconcurre withc-
quali dihgencCj the oneincontriuing, the other in difcoucring them. A fcanda!! arc
the alterations which they are forced by the Inquifitors to make in their Authors and
Monuments of Antiquitic : thiokingjthat thcfc dcuifes are our bed euidenccs. A fcan-
dall is the vowing and praying to Angels and Saints, yea , more to the Olf other of
ChriJ}, then to Chrift himf.Uc, or to God, to whom alone they repute this a due far ri-
ficc, ButthegreatcftiirandallofallothcrSjis the worP^ippwg of /m^g,fs. Indecdcitfce-
mcd ftrange to me , and doih to the reft of my Brethren according to the flefh, C^a-
tbunacl 3 lew borne, baptifcd in London , before the Congregation at AH-hallowes
e made this confclTion) euen vnto tiiis day, in whom this i lir.dnejfc and hardnejfe of e /ipr.i^jft
heart IS i>J fart co>jtiy:ued, through occal-on giucn by them that profcffe the name of
I.fiis : and not only in vs, which arc of thehoufeoflfrael.but in others , as theTurkcs
and Mahumetanes , which arc of the race of Ifhrr^ael. We and our Fathers and Elders
fay, and in our bookts call them by no other name, but Tiaale choAaz^Ara , Idolatrous
Maflers : a thing fo dcteftaUe vnto vs, as nothmg more, &c. They fay vnto vs often-
times , that they doe not worfliip them as Gods , but God in them : Neither are the
Heathen, wefay, that arc round about vs, foblinded, that they thinketheftocks and
fiones to be God , but they arc perlwaded that God may be worfhippcd in them. And
yet they goc farther : for the Chriff ians in Spaine and Portugal! hauc it written in their
Bookes , That the Virgin (J^arie is the Lords Trcafure , and that fliec befiowcs gifts
and graces vpcn her feruants: That her mcrciepardoneth them, whom the lufticcof
her Sonne might condemne, and that our faluationlycth in her hands. ButourLaw
teachcth , ThatGod is All fufficient, hecgiueth to whom hcelif^cth, Heewillnot
j^tue his glorie to another ^ &c. The Reader may (if he pleafe) from that lew himfelfe
in )iis printed ConfclTion , be further informed of that Piirtttionvii.ill, whicli feparateth
th" lew and Catjiolikc.

They arc fo much the more fcandalized, when they fee the Catechifmes recite the
*Dtcalogne, v\ith omifTion of chat fccond Commandement, which they thinke (as one
oftheirgreatcfHlabbinesconteded with our f Author) was the Ordinance of Chrifi f Rel.Wcftj
bimfclfe. Yea, the Priefts and Friers let pafle in their Conferences with them for cur-
rant, their IcwiflivpbraidingSjThat Chrifi, 4 Carpenters Sonne^wis an Image-maker,
or at leaft an Author of their worfliipping. As for thole fpeculatiue plaiflcrs of S'!v\i\a.
and MTi'eJci. of intention inflruinentall and finall in worfhip,of Images of the truc,and
}dol5ofthefalfeGods,theyare(aseuennowyouhe3rd) the vnl'auoutefl dregs to the
lew inthc w::rld.

The poore Idiot, among the Chriftians , can as little diflinguifli as the Pagan , and
both amcngft the Chriftians is like honour done to Gods Image, and to that of Saints,
and to them both, in likcformc of worfliip, as amonglf the Pagans. They are forced
to be at fome Sermons, and there arc well edified by their hearing , when they fee the
Preacher direff his prayer to a Crucilixc, calling it his Lord andSaiiiour, Their 7"r<?»-
f;t!?fiaritiMion is a monfkr as hideous as the former.

The mesnesSvfed to their conuerfion are weakc; efpecially in fome places, where g ihid,
they haucnotthcNewTcflament in fuch Language as they can vnderlland: and the
Inq'iifitors haue inhibited and t ken from them all bookes written on that Theamr;, in
dcftrnceof Chriftian Religion, oragainft 't , allcdging, they will haue no difputino in
n^atters of Religion either way, like thelefuites Edid at Dola, forbidding all talkeof
Cod.citheringoodfortor in bad.

But of all other this is a good furtherance, that when in their Baptifmef/5'n'</if>r/^

th



226 Ofthehinderancesofthelervip^CoHaerJion. Ghap,2I.



the Detftll and all his workjs , they rnuft renounce their right and propertic in all their
goods and poflcflions ; the rhamcfull couetoufneffe of hypocritical! Chriflians hauing
brought thcfe irrttAwentd malorum within the compaflc of the'DfK/7r vporkes : prcfup •
pofing (forfooth) that cither the conuerted lew, or his corrupt anceflors, haue fcraped "
looether fuch heaps of wealth by vfurie, or opprcffion , or fomc vnlawfull meanes or
other. Therefore for the good of bis foule, his body fhall bee left to begge or ftaruc ;
while, with the leauing of his le wifh fuperftition , hee mufi likewifc leaue all that hee
hath : and his ncw-receiued Religion muft be a meanes to ftrip him of his riches , and
to weanc him from his well beloued Mamme»,vjhich that Nation is naturally fo farrc
in loue with. This alonc.to the world-bewitched Icw/.s fuch apartirttn.wall to keepe
him from Chtiftianitie, that he will venture foule and all, rather then thus betray him-
felfe,his wife and children, to extreme beggerie and want- And fo much the worfe,
" ym. de Cac faith " Vi^or C»rbenfis, one of thcfe conuens , "becaufe in their lewifh cflate they had
benfcont.lud. not learned any arte which now might minifter vnto them fubftance : Thus are they
/.I.S.4. J.. driucn to beggc from dore to dore for their foodc, cxpofed not only to this cxtremitie

of want , but to the opprobrics alfo of vnchriflian Chriftians , who lewiflily hate thfc
name of a Iew,nor can the lew be waflicd from it with the facred tiniflure of Baptifme;
fcummc of the irreligious religious vulgar, which fcoffe and point at them , faying,
there goes a baptifedlcw (a name beft fitting themfelues) whiles on the other fide
rheir owne Countric-men hate and abhorre them as Apoftataes, Renegadoes, and Fu-
gitiucj. And if any (hew them kinder iiucrtainmcnt, yet (as a nine-dayes wonder,) it
laftcth but a httlc while, whereof the Icwcs hauc this prouerbe , A new cmiuert is as*
tiew or eUane cloth : which at fitft is plcafani , but after a little wearing groweth foule
RelWeft. andloathfomc. Efpccially fincc the faireft of his preferment (to welcome him to our
Reltgton) is to turnc Frier : then which profcflion,nothing can be more hatefull to hm,
a Gtn.i.x'i. whoaccountethitacourfcagainftNature; and a breach ofthat Ordinance of » God,
((^refcite&multifUcAmim) of multiplying the world by a holy propagation in that
b Hffc.ij4. b Honorable eftdte of Mttrriage , which that c doftrine of Deuils hath made the Frier
c i.T»/».4.i.4. vncapablcof. As for the example oiEliM, and fome other holy Men (whom our
Popi{hVotaricswouldmakePatroncsoftheirdiforderlyOr</frj; j the lew (herein
more truly-Chriftian then the Papift) holdeth it a courfc cxtraordinaric , and ordi-
narily preferreth holy Marriage farrc before that feeming-holy Vow of Virginitic.
Thus wee fee what outward Icandalls , bcfides their generall preiudicc a-
gainft Chriftianitic , doe hinder them from it : which offences, in be.
halfe of the Chriftians, together with that preiudicc. Pride, and
Enuic . and aboue all , that Veilt which Diuine lu-
fticc hath left vpon their hearts, God in his
good time remouc, and grant, ac-
cording to that Prophecic,
Tltat all Jfrael may
bt faned.



THE



227




OF THE ARABIANS^

SARACENS, TVRKES, AND

Of The Ancient Inhabitants

of asia minor, and of
their religions.

The Third Booke.



C H A p. I.

O/ A R A B I A , 4tid of the Ancient Religions ^ Rites -^ and
Cujlomes thereof.




R A B I A is a very large Region, » lying betweene a Mamas,
two Bayes or Culfes of the Sea , the Pcrfian on the
Eaft, and that which hereof" is called the Arabian,
on the Weft : On the South is the Ocean; on the
North is Syria and Euphrates. ^ P//»;<f fets downc t ptw,>.(,c.iS,
the Norchernc Limits, the Hill Amanus , ouera- Oiofius,t,u
gainft Cilicia and Conimagena ; many Colonies
of them being there planted by Tigranes the Great :
it thence (faith he) declineth toourSeaand theE-
gyptian fliorc , and to the heart of Syria to Mount
Libanus, By a certaine workcmanfhip of Nature
it much refembleth the forme and iite of Italie.
<: 4x^nz^//«fignifieth f/0/7. The Nations of this wide ^ sol'm xSt
Ttzdt. of Land are many. It is the next to be fpoken of in this our Difcourfe.according
to our Geograp hicall methode, as confining vpon Judaea, w hence we la ft departed.

'• Some deriuc the name from Arabus , thefonne of eyipollo and 'Babylonia. And j vraudiusin
the forged Berofus of Afmius tcUeth, That/^»»J Pater {cut one Sabus into Arabia Soim.Berof.l,^,
FoeIix, Arabus into Arabia Deferta ; and Petreiui into Petrra, all Nephcwes of
Cham I all indeedetheSonncsof y?«»wjhisb;aine. True it is, that Arabia is com-
monly diuided into thofe three parts, Petria, Deferta, and Fcelix. Of theNaticnsin
Arabia, /'//w/ifwritethlargely.amongftthcreftnamingtheSaracens, whom S'.Hie-
rome oden, EpiphAmus alfo, and other of the ancient Fathers mention, of which wee
aicanon to Ipeake at large. But long before Pltxne, the Scriptuie fpeakethof the
per pie of this Region (not only thole which are faid to defcend of C«/?j, the Sonne
of C^ww , but of many orhers , which defccnded of Abraham, as Ijhmaei the fonne
Ci' ty.ibniham,hy Hagar; and « ZimrAf^zndlekjhan , iad (JMtdaft^zndOl'Iid'an, e Cen,iJ,%,

and



-Q.-



22S



Of Arabia jdnd of the ancient ^lipom,<is'c. Chap.i.



and Ijlibahjin^ Shuah , with their polleritie , the ifllic of Ahraham by Keturah : who,
after that Seka and Sa^betha, and '^ama and Sahtheca , had peopled fomc parts of A-
rabia rvere fent away r*ith their portions Eajlward to the EaH Countrie, that is, into A-
rabia ; where it is hkely they mingled their Scede and Generations with thofe former
of the pofteritie of Cham : for therefore it feemcth A'fofes wife, Zippomh, was called a
f Nww.ii.i. f Cufhitey or (asfomcreade) ^n t/£thiopm» , notthatfheewasoftheCountrict/£-
thiopia in Africa, but a Midianite of Arabia, oi Abrahams x^ct : which Countric, be-
caufe the pofteritie of Cufli had firft inhabited , and happily had mingled themfelucsin
marriages with them, fhce is called a Cufhite , which fome wrongly expound an */£_
thiopian, if they vnderrtand it properly ; although Cufh were alfo the Father of the */£-
thiopians. But ofthis name t/ithiopia fomctimes taken move largely, otherwhilcs
more ftraitned, you fliall fee more in our fcucnth Booke, the firft Chapter, This pofte-
ritie of Abraham zre , in Scripture, often called the children of the Ea^. Thcmany
names of the Arabian Nations, they which will may reade in Plmte and others.

The name Ecelix, or ffappie, is giuen to the Southerly parts of Arabia, for the ferti-
litie thereof: s the name Petraa to a fecond part, of Petra the feat Royall , after called
Arach, cd^rctM an Arabian King.

ThcDefert Arabia hath a nameanfvvcrable to the nature thereof; being, in great
part, withoui Inhabitants, for the barrennefle of the foile : as is alfo a great part of that
which is called Tetraa. This Defcrt Arabia is alfo ^ called Afpera, Inferior, Caua^ and
oftheHcbrewes C<f^<»r. It is bounded ontheEaft with Babylonia, and part of the
PerfianGulfe; on the North with Mefopotamia, neare to Euphrates; on the Weft,
with Syria and Arabia Petrxa; on the South, are the Mcuntaines of Arabia Foelix.
Neare'to them and to Euphrates it hath fomeTowncs, and is frequented with Mar-
chants, otherwhere partly vnpeoplcd, partly (' i':>-<«^c therefore termeth it ' Scenitis )
fed with fuch Romtng Arabians, as haue no dwelling-houfcs , but rcmoue to and fro,
c/OT '^ nmSr fceking where to findc pafture for their Beafts, and lodge in Tents.

Dauid accountcth himfelfe ^ mifer able for ihu dwelling in the Tents ofKedar, or (as
TremelliHs tezdesk) ' asthe Scenites of Kedar. Thus did the Patriarchs of ©Id, thus
did the Scythians, and thus doe the Tartars and the Arabians in Afia, Africa , and Eu-
rope, at this day, roming, rouing. robbing: ard therefore the "^lewes call the Tarta-
rians Kedarim, becaufe of their hkc courfe of life.

They " which dwell in Towncs and Cities, obfcruing a more ciuill life, are called
Moores, the other Arabians, in morepropei'appcllation. The nanieMoorcs was gi-
uen them of the Spaniards, becaufe out of Mauritania they inuaded Spainc , and now
o is taken vfually , not fo much for the Inhabitants of the Arabian Cities , as for all of
the Arabian and Mahumetan fuperftition, Bofra is the chiefc Citie.

ArabiaPetrseaadioynethontheWeftandNorthof Syria; on the Eaft to the Dc-
feit Arabia ; on the South to the Happic. Plime^ Strabo, and Ptolemit , call it Naba-
thsa. Somethinkc, o{ Tsljbaioth , fonne oi Ifhmael. 7)nw calls it Arabia Secunda.
Now it is called by RujcelU, Baraab ; or after Ziglerus , Barra ; or Bathalatha , after
p MelJA.c.iQ. Cafialdus. P CMeU afcribcth the Hill Cafius hereto : which faith he , is fo high , that
^ dd eu CalUg. f^.^^ jj^^ fourth watch of the night, or the laft quarter thereof, it fhewcth the Sunne ri-
f ng. But Nonifts Pintianus corre6teth him, faying, there are two Cafij^ the one of Sy-
ria, the other of Arabia, and that this report is to bee applyed to the Syrian Ca/:us:
wherein Schottus is of another minde.

Nigh to Syria itismoreplentifull, thenin otherparts. Thefcarcitieof woodand
■water, with the barrenneffe of the foile in other places, fhcw how it is maligned of the
Elements. Both in this part, and the former , they had necdc goe ftrong and well ac-
companied, for fcare of robberie and fpoile, which the Arabians attend.

This part is famous vnto all Generations, not fo much for the Amalekites , Midia-
nites, and other their bordering Neighbours (of whom and their Religion fome what
is fpoken q before) as ■ for the miraculous paffage of the Ifraelites through the fame,
and abode therein fortie yeares , in which time they received the Law , were fed with
Manna; their Meat,Drinke, Clothing, ludgements. Mercies j continually yeelding
miraculous euidcnce oiGods prefence amongft them.

Bellonius



g Aih^ Moil-
tan.Calcb.



PtulomM,






». Tentorijs,
k ?fdl.iio 5.
1 Txaquam Sce~
nitre l{edarem.
m tltasThif,
rad Kcdar,

n Boter.reUt.
fart.i.t.i.

o Adrhhom,
rbiatJ.S^



Pmtimi & jps-
cileg. A, Schiit,



q Lib.JJ.vlti
r K.ytlaterian.






Cha P.I. ASIA. The third 'Bookc'o 27.0



BelloKiHs vifited the Mount Sinai : he 1 Taitb, it is a mile and a halfe from Horeb,and q Cbfer. l.z.
farrc higher : from whofe top, (which is hard flone ^ ofyron colour) may both fhorcs '■^'^■& d.
of the Red Sea be feen.This Sea is not therefore called '^ed^beauCe euher the around, [ ^^"^" '^■"''
or the fand, or the water thereof is Red , as Bellomus hath obfcrucd , for none'of them tha[ heTb'r
are ' io. The people thereabouts take care for no other houfcs then the boughes of uedinthc
■ Palme- trees, to kecpe them from the heatc of the Sunne (forrainethey haue butfcl- ftoncsofSinai
dome:) thecattell are lefle there then in Egypt. In the afccnt of Mount Sinai are => bufiioi bram-
fleps cut out in the Rock: thcybegannetoafcenditat breakeof day, and it was after ''^^^''S"^'^^.
noone before they could get to the Monafterie ofMaronite Chrifiians,which is on the aiinke°Sina""'
top thereof. There is alfo a Mcfchit there tor the Arabians and Turkes,u ho rcfort thi- is named of
thcr on pilgrimage as well as theChriftians. There is a Church alfo on the top of ^w^*^'') which
Mount Horcb, and another Monaflcrie at the foot of the Hill : befidcs other Monaftc- '^g"''^'?':'' a
ries,wherin liuercligious people.called C^/#/imjobferuing the Grceke rites who fliew "^^ ^"'^'
all (and more then all) the places renowned in Scriptures and Antiquities to Pilgrims, f 'ouhts'lce
They eate neither flefh nor white meates. They allow foode vnto firangersfuchas it tBore./.j.c n^
is, rice, wheat, bcanc s, and fuchlike, which they fet on the floore without a doih, in a
woodden difh, and the people compofe themfelucs to cate the fame, after the Arabian
iTi3nner,(vvhich is to fit vpon their heeles touching the ground with their toes,wherc3S
the Tutkes ft crofle-legged like Taylors,) There is extant an EpiUle of £u^eiiiusBi-
fhop of M. Sinai, written i 569. to Charles the Archduke , wherein hee complaincth
that the Great Turke had caufcd all the reucnues of the Churches and Monarterics to
bee fold : whereby they were forced to pledge their holy vcflells, and to borrow on
vfurie.

v^r^^MFasZ/A.- 'trendeth from hence Southwards, hauingon all parts the Sea ; a- t Maginu:,
gainft which it doth abut the fpacc of three thoufand fiue hundreth and foure miles. '^"'"■^^'g'-rJ
Virgil calls it Panchia, now " Ayaman^ or Giamen. This feemeth to be the Countrie '^'""' y''*/'^'. «,
whereinSabaftood, chicfcCitieof theSabians, whofe Quctnc\\f'xcA SaUmon -Aoi kisnowc ll"!i
fo the Icwes reckon, howfoeuer the AbafTines challenge her to thcmfclucs.^^irw Ez.ra Maaiotra.
cn^^a.ii.callsthisSabaAlimanorAlieman :3ndi'*t/»«.wr/<r<'»yi'/, leman, which is
all " one (for all is but the article) fignifying /Af5'o«//&:asthe Scriptures alfo call her x Vid.Druf.
^Hetneof the South. Forfo it was fituate, notto ludiaalone, hwixa xhc P etrxan ^r\A /"'"^'M-S^-JJ*
1)eftrt Ar.ikia, The name Seba or Saba agrceth alfo with the name o(Sheki,GeM. 1 0,7 '^'^"dopicin.
As fori'Ac^^the Nephewofy^^?-.j^ii>»by^iff«ni,it is like he was founder of the other ' j^""
Seba or Saba in Arabia Deferta,the elder poftcritie of C^f(/7j hauing before fcated them ^l'/"'^'"^
felues in the more fertile Southernc Countrie : and bccaufe both peoples , thcfe in A- "^''^""'*
labia and thofe in Africa were comprehended vnder one general! name of ty£thiopia,
hence might thofe of Africa take occafion to vfurpc the Antiquities of the other. Yea
it is more likely that thefc Abaflens in Africa 1 coo. yearcs after that Qucene was bu-
ried were feated in Arabia, and thence pafled in later ages into Africa , fubduin" thofe
Countries to them. For fohzih Stej)ha»fis,'A0itffj,nl eSvof 'h^eU(:p. ji; -Za-^cini, The Step.de vrb.
Abaflens ( fo wenow call thofe t^thiopians in the Empire of Pr(fbjttr lohn ) are a
Nation of Arabia, beyond the Sabians : fo that out of Arabia they carried this Tradi-
tion with them, as it is likely, into Africa , where want of learning, and plentie of fu-
pcrftition, hath fo increafcd their Legend ofthis Qucene, as we fliail after hcare. T-en- imhm.Umri
iamin Tttdelenjis writeth likewife that the Region of Seba is now called the Land of A-
/fzw4«,and thatitextendethfixtecne dayesiourneis alongj} the Hills: in all which Re-
gion there were of thofe Arabians , which had no certaine dwellings but wandrcd vp
and downe m Tents, robbing the ncighbourNations ( as is alfo reported of the Sara-
cens ncarc Mecca, which gcuernemcnt of Mecca ^^/w^^w/cf-^ywy adioynethtothatof y hahafif;
Aliman, or the Kingdome of Saba : for fo.faith he, the lew es in thofe parts flill call the t'l i-
chiefe Citie of that Kingdome. It hath flore ofRiuers, Lakes, Townes,Citics,Cattel,
fruits ofmany forts. The chiefe Cities are Medina, Mecca, Ziden, Zebit, Aden. 'Ben'
>rf»7»«addethThcima or Theman,a Citie walled fifteen miles fquare,enclofi.g ground
for tillage in the walls. Tilmaasalfo, Chibar and others. Thercisfloreoffiluer,gold,
and varietie of gemmes. There arc alio wilde beafts ofdiuers kindes. As for the Phoe-
nix, becaufc I (and not I alone) thinke it a fable,as neither agreeing to leafon nor likc-

X Iihood,



2|0



Of Arabia , and of the ancient ^ligions, csrc. Ch a p .1.



lihood, and plainely cifagreeing to theHiftotie of the Creation and oiJ<[oabsArkf^\n
both which God made all Ma!c and Female, and commanded them to increafc and
multiply, I thinke it not worthierccitaU. One wonder of Nature done in Abis aCiiie
i'hot.'nMotbc- of this Region, will not, I thinke, be diflaftfuU : cited by Phetiu} out oi'DiodtrusSicu-
■cii.144. lus, written in fomc part of his workes which is now wanting. One Diofhatittts aMa-

cedonian being married to an Arabian woman in that Citic AbiSjhad by her a daugh- '
ter called Herais,\'v\\\c\\ in her ripe age was married to one Seimiades , who hauing li-
ned a ycare with her, did after traucll into farrc Countries. In the meane time, his wife
•WQs troubled with an vncouch and ftrange difcafe: a fwelling arofe about the bottomc
of her belly, v\hicb on the fcuenth day breaking , there proceeded thence thofc parts
whereby Nature difiinguifheth men from the other fexe : which fccrets flicekeptfe^
cret notwithftanding , continuing her woman? habitc till the returnc of her husband.
Who then demanding the companic and dutieof his wife , was repelled by her father,
for which he fucd him before the ludges, where Herau was forced to fhcw that which
before her modcrtie had forbidden her to tell: and afterwards naming himfelfe Dio-
fhMtus ferued the King in his warres, with the habitc,and heart of a man,r.nd leauing
hcrfcminineweakcncflc,asit feemedjtoherhusband, who in the impatience of his
loue flue himfelfe. Our Author addcth alfo, that by thehelpe of the Phyficians , fuch
pcrfcftion was added to this wotke of Nature , that nothing rcmay ncd to teflific hec
had beene a woman : he annexcth alfo like examples in fome others.

LudgwcHS Vertomannus, or Barthema (as Ramnfms nameth him) tells * at large his
iourney through all this threefold Arabia : hrc trauelled from Damafco to Mecca
fArmo 1507. with the ^4r4«<f» of Pilgrims and Marchants, being often by thcway
fet vponby Armies ofthofe Thccuifh and Beggcrly Arabians. This iourney is of for-
tiedaycs traucll, trauelling two and twentiehoures , andrefting two for tlicir repaft.
Aftermany daycs they camctoaMountayne inhabited with lewcs », ten or twelue
miles in circuit, which went nakcd,and were of fmall ftatureabout fine or ^wt fpanties
high, black of colour, rircumcifed, fpeakingwith a womanifli voice. And if they
get a Moore in their power, they flay him aliue.They faw there certainc white thornes,
and in the fametwo Turtles, vhich feemcd to them as a miracle : for in fifteenc daies
andnights they had neither feenc Birds nor Beafts, They gii'c their Camclls by the



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 47 of 181)