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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 48 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 48 of 181)
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way not aboue fine Early loaues at a mealc, asbiggeas a Pon)egranatc, anddnnkc
once in three dayes At the end of eight daycs they Hayed a day or two to reft them.
Their Pilot diredled their iourney by the Corrpafle ( in 'Z)/»^or/</ times, they obfer-
ucdtheNorth-ftarre) noIelTethen if it had beene at Sea. They trauelled fine dayes
and nights through the fandie Sea, which is a great plaine Champaine, full of a fmali
white land like meale: where if, by fome difafter, the winde blow from the South
they are all dead men. And although they had the winde at North, yet could they
notfeeoneanothet aboue ten paces off. And fuch as ride on Camclls are inciofed
with wood , wich holes to rcceiue the aire ; the Pilots going before with their Coin-
pafle for direction. Many dyed there for thirft, and many with fulncfle, drinking
too much when once they came at water. When the North windes b!ow,thoic fands
arcdriuentoahcape. Heefuppofedthjt C^w^ww/^ was made of fuch as the lands
had furprifcd and buried quick: but the ixwcx CMHmmi.i is made of embalmed bo-
dies of men, asthey vfe to doe inEgypt , and other places. For I haue read , not
only of Women , but Infants alfo , ( which were not likely to take fuch dange-
rous iourneis) whofe bodies haue beene thus vfed to ^JMuminia,. As for the other
parts of Arabia, they which lift, may by this our Author, by Flintt, Niger ^zad others,
be informed furiher.

To come to the difpofiiion of the pcople.thcy are fmall,naked^bf ggerly. What they
haue done in Afia, Afrikc, and Europe,by force ot Armes,vnder the name of Saracens,
and pretence of Religion , fhall follow in the next Chapter : Whatthey flill doe, if
they mcctc with purchafc, TraueJlers know to their co^. The pradife oi Marchandife
b Gw.'-r.iS. ainongft fome of the Arabian people, and namely the Ifmaelitcs, the ^^ Scripture
rccordcth. For their ancient ^<rA^w», it is not like it could bee good, when as they
had lb bad an Author of their fiotk, Accurfed (^btim : the fonnes oi Ahaham were

better



" Vidyertum,



a tcn'mrn'm tels
of many Icwfs
in the Arabian
Mountains^,
fubicft to no
l'ocentate,as
itlcemethof
tnel'e.



j'd.Scal'iger.
Exerc.ioA.
(^ loj. Sctd.Ef
ad Cufanb.
l.it.tid Chytr.
/tU[>po Mif-



C H A P . 1 . A S I A. The third 'Booke, 2 ^ i



better inftru6tcd : but as they were borne after the fie/Jy, and not according tofrorr.ifr^
fo if they and fome of their pofteritie did a while hold the Truth ^(zs the Hilioric oiloh
and his friends euinceth) yet this lafted not long : but foonc after * in lercrie was God » Pfal,j6.i.^
knojvne,3.'ndhedeAltndt fovfith any other'hiatien, Herodotus » (Father ofthe Grecke M7. zo.
Hiftorie)affirmeth in his TI&^/m, that the Arabians worfhipped Dwnjfius^vihomthey * HeiedetJ.^,
named Vrotalt ; and f^rama , whom they called tyi/ilat : thcfe alone they cfleemcd
Gods. Theyfliauc their Maidens like to'Dionyfus , in a round forme about the tem-
ples. Sfudas telleth ''that they were excellent Archers, their Arrowcs were as long as b Suid.Hi^.
themfelues : their Bowes they bent not with hands, but with feet.

Curio c in his Saracenicall Hiltoric teftifieth of them,that as they defcended in great c cttlius Aur>.
part oiiAlfrahams race by l{l:maely the fonnes of Keturah , and by Efau : fo they of <^«' w H'fl. ^^r,'
old had and fiiU retaine many rites obfcrued by the Hebrews .-as numbring by Tribes, ''*"'•
and marrymg only within their owne Tribe :cuery Tribe alfo had their owne King,
( which it leemeth the Tent-xpanderiugoxSccKite- Arabians obferue liill, ) That fonne
fucceedcth not which is eldeft , but he which is borne firft after he is proclaimed King
or Ruler, being ofNoble race on both fides. They vfed alfo Circumcifion. For their
Religion in old times ; fome were Chriftjans, of which (about the times oi Mahomet)
there were many fecSs t fome were lewex ; others worllaipped the Sunne and Moone :
others, certaine Serpents ; others, fome kindes ofTrees ; and fome a Tower called Al'
caLt, which they fuppofed Ifmael \\zAhu\\t; and fome others , fome other Deities,
d C/rwir«x y?/(rA-rfWr/««j-obie6leth to theancient Scythians the woiflnip of a Sword, <J ckm.Akx,
to the Perfians the like deuotion to a Riuer , adding that the Arabians worfhipped a Parxn.
Stone, e ^yirtjobiushi\}n alfo the fame teftimonic, explaining thatftonc to bee rude e Arn»b.l,6.
and vnformed, a fit Dcitie for rude, rtonie, fenflefle woifliippers.

Eufcbiiis f tells that they vfed humane facrifices, which not only Sardus confirmeth, f Eitfeb.de Im-
faying , that they facriHced euery yeare a child whom they buried vndei the Altar : but dib. conjlant.
KUcephoriistaXtoxcpovtcdofoDeTiaaman a Scenite^Arabian^ a Chieftaineamongfi ^ardui l.i.c.t^,
them, who in zeale of that fuperftitioUj killed raett with his ownc handstand facrificed | ^""pI'Mift.
them on the Altars to his Gods, Hcinthetimcof^^«nV/«j,warncdbyavifion,bc- "'"' '''*^'
camea Chriftian, and with him an innumerable companie of his, whom he offered a li-
uing vnbloudie facrifice in baptifmc vnto Chrift,

When they entred league with any.their manner was,that one landing in the midft
bctweene both parties did wound the hand witlia fliarpe ftone, in the palme, neare to -^

the thummes of them both, and taking flocks r f the garments of them both , annoin-
ted,with that bioud,fcuen ftones fet in the midft of them : Meane while inuoking 1) to-
ny fus and Z^nnzM: and then this Mediator becommeth furetie for the partie,who ther-
by efteemeth himfelfe bound to obferue it. And thus did '' they make league with Cam. h Hertd.!.},
byfes. To thefe two Arabian Gods , Great iAlexander would haue added himfelfe a
thiid (faith' y4m.3««/, in his life.) Hemadegreat piouifion toinuadcthem, bothbe- i Arrian.l.7,
caufe they had fenthim no Embaflage , and for that they worfhipped only thefe two
Deities j Heauen, for that it containeth the liinne and ftatres ; and Di«»7/»i,becaufe he
had inuaded the Indians : and therefore equalling this his owne expedition to that of
2) /<>»>'/;«/, he would alfoforrobbingofmen,bereckonedaGod.Sfr«^ol'faith,thatin k StrabeJ.iU
relpc^i: of the wealthincfle ofthis Countric, hee had thought (had not death preucntcd
him) to haue made Arabia the Imperial! feate. Hee affirmeth alfo that Sefojtris the E-
gyptian King,pafling through Arabia,in that his renowmed expedition, creded there
in diuers places Egyptian temples and fuperflitions : that the Troglody ta: which dwelt Circumcifion
in Caues, and bordering on the Egyptians, by (bme reputed Arabians,wcrc circumci- »" Arabia.
fed as the Arabians and Egyptians were.

TheNabathians worfliipthe Sunne ^ burningFrankincenfeonan Altar vnto him.
They negled the bodies of the Dead , burj'ing euen their Kings in a dung-hill.
Of the otherArabians hee reporteth that they vied incefluous copulation with Sifter
andMother. Adulterie with them is death: but that only is Adulterie, which is out
ofihe fame Kindred, otherwife all of the fame bloud to vfc the Woman is their (ince-
fluous) honcftie.When fiftcene brothers (Kings Sonnes)had by their continuall com-
panie tyred their one and only fiftcr , {hee deuifed a mcanes to rid her fclfe , or at leaft

X a to



2^1 Of jirabia^afidof the aHc}ent1{e!i^ions,zsrc, Chap.i.

to eafe her fomcwhat of that trouble. And therefore whereas the cuflomc was , that
hec which went ill, lefthisftaffcatchc dooretoprohibitc others entrance, fliee got
like ftaues,and alway hauing one at the doore, was disburthened of their importuni-
tic ; cuery one that came^thinkinglome other had beene there before them. But they
being once altogether , one of them ftole from his fellowes , and finding this ftaffc at
the doore, accufed his fifter to his Father of Aduhcric , whereof by difcouerie of the
k L'wfchoten, Truth flice was cleared, Linfchetcn ^ tejleth of the like pra6tife obfcrued by the Nairot
Hiftorie of the jn Cochin, leauing their Armes at the doore, when they enter to their '>(5«;ro. Kinfwo-
Indies. men which they vfelikcwife in common, being ncuer married.

1 Draudiusin Their Circumcifion they obi'crued, as ' fomc write, at the thirteenth yearc of their
StliH. age, imitating //wW herein. Eueryoneabidcth in his Fatheriprofcflion, Thepof-

. 'fcflionsand wealth are common to the whole kindred, ^ lexandtr ah Alexandra
n2LmcihT)yafarcs zn Arabian Deitie Their Pricfls he faith weit attired in linncngar-
m SeWPol^hlJl, ments, with Mitres and Sandals. ■" .y#//»/« affirmeth , that they abftaine from Swines
flefh: neither will that fweet aire of Arabia breath life to that fordide and ftinking crea-
ture. This is in the Ha^fie Arabia , where happineflemaketh them vnhappy : their
n Stiab.t.i6. fvvcets " breeding bitter cffc(5ts in difcaliiig their bodies, which they are forced to cure
with the fents of brimftone, and Goatcs beards burnt. That which others admire and
almofl adore for rarenefTc and excellencie , is here their commonfewell fortheirfire:
o 'D.Sic.l.i, opr^/catjs dcuom'iBg iawes being fed with hearbs,flirubs, trees, gummcs,fpiccs, for

humane and diuine vfcs moft elkcmcd,
pP/(»./.ti.c.i4 Frankinfcnce (faith P/'//»/fjgroweth only in Arabia.but not in euery place thereof.
About the midlf of the Countrie is Sabota (the chicfe Citie of the Sabians) in a high
Mountaync: eight Manfionsfrom thence is the Region of Frankinccnfe, which is cal-
led Sabba, that is, a myftcrie : looking toward the Eaft, cuery way guarded and made
vnpafifable with Rocks, Thefoile is rcddifh , inclining to white. The length of the
Frankinfencc-wood, is twentie fchceMi, the brcdch halfcas much , ( a fchmnw in this
account is fiue miles.) Other Arabians bcfidcs thcfe and the Minii fee not this tree,
nor all of thefc, but only fomc three hundred Families , vnto whom the right of thefc
rites deuolueth by fucccffion. Therefore arc they called Sacri, Holy, neither may
they in the time, when they cut them,be polluted with knowledge of Women or with
Funerals. What manner ol tree it is, P/.w^ faith he knew not, nor any Roman to his
knowledge. They gathered it in the Spring and Autumne : they cut the trees from
whence it fweateth. There ncedes no watch to keepc them, but the innocencie of the
Inhabitants. When AUxMd.r \n\\\%you\.\\ beftowcdlargeflorc of Frankinccnfe in
his dcuotions, Lco/iides his Mafter told him, he lliould fo doe when he had conquered
the Countrie where it grew : He after enioying (fomc part of ) Arabia, fcnt him a fhip
laden with Frankinfencc, and bad him ferue the Gods plentifully. The Frankincenfc,
when it is gathered, is carried on Camels to Sabota by one way , out of which to goc
were capital!. Therethcypay the tithes to a God which they call 54^/i-. ThePriefts
take it by meafure , not by weight. Certaine portions are allowed to them and to the
q ?l.inPcenule Kings Scribes. Plafttus theiefoTdaUsVranhnccnk Odor Arahicus, Virgti calls it
tirinMitiie Pd«c^<{<«», and ^w^^-j« Frankinccnfe. Themanifold rites which the Heathens vfed in
lieris ' their holy things with this drugge, StftckjHt ^ (heweib athroc. Here alfo grew the
jaeris, Myrrhe in the lame woods, and among theTrogloditse. But this andCinamon,and o-

iher things which grew clfew here as well as here, necdenot much difcourfe. They
f loMSoemus. vfed yet fome Religion in gathering of their Cinamon, as f fome obferue , facrificing
before they beganne, and after diuiding w hat they had gathered, with a facred Spcare
afllgning a portion to the Sunne ; if the diuifion bee iurtiy made, the Sunne fealcth his
confent by fire, with his beames confuming the fame. Thus much of their Ipices, and
holydruggcs.

Of their other riches I meane not to fpeake , fauc of their fliccpr with great tailes,

t Leo Africa- fome of which weigh fortie pound. ' Leo, faith he, faw one at Cairo, whofe taile,fup-

««. ported by a Cart with wheeles (for clfe flice could not haiie carried it) weighed fo'ure-

u Gal.i.\7. fcore pound, and heard of fuch as weighed a hundred and thirtie pound. "/'<?«/, prc-

fcntly after his conucrfion preached the Gofpcll in Arabia.

Panchara



Chap.I. ASIA. The third 'Bookcc



^3\



Panchia, and anotherlland, called Sacra, arc adioyncd by " Diodarmto Arabia,
both fertile (as he faith) of Frankinfencc, In Panchia \i the Citie Panara, vvhofe In-
habitants arc called the Minifters onitpiterTrifhylihs ,\\\\ok'Ycm^\s is thence diftanc
thrccfcore furlongs, admirable for tbc Antiquitie, magnificence and nature of the
place : it is two hundred foot long, the breadth anfvverablc.hauing in it large Statues,
and about it the houfesof the Piiefts. Many Fountaincs there fpringing make a na-
ui^ablc ft^came, called tht mater of the SHrme, which is medicinablc t<) the bodic. The
countrey about, for the fpacc oft wo hundred furlongs, is confecratcd to the gods,and
the rcucnuc thereof fpcnt in fa'crifices. Beyond is a high mountainc, called the feate of
heauen,and Olynt^m: Trtfhylins: whercC'ar/wisfaidtohaueinftitutedthe rites there
yrareiy obferucd. ThePrieltsruleallin Panchia, both in ciuill and religious cafes:
and Hue very delicloufly, attired with llnncnftoalcs and mitres, and party-coloured
fandals. Thefcfpend their time in finging Hymncs, and recounting the ads of their
gods. They deriuc their generation from the Cretan /«p;ffr. « They may not go out
of their facred limits afllgncd them, if they doe, it is lawfull to kill them. The Temple
is enriched with gifts and offerings. The doores cxCell for matter and workmanfliip.
The bed of the go*' is fixe cubits long, and fourc broad , all of gold faire wrought.
TheTableftandsby, nothinginferiour. Inthcmiddcft is another bed of gold, iery
large, grauen with Egyptian lettersj in which arc contained the gclls of lupter, Cos^
lH},'Di:i>iazndyipo//o^ wuttcn by A-fercurie. Thus iwe Dioderus. /tiBitte y mchtio-
ncth//;>rof/OT«/ an Arabian King, which had fixe hundred children by Concubines.
Some » areof opinion that the (Vifethen which by the ancient coni\i&.o( s Starrc
came to IerupJem,(i[iefi\:R (cults ofthc Gentiles) came out of Arabia.5r<»//^(rr » mcn-
tioneth a conqueft anciently made and holden by the Arabians in Chaldia. Philojira.
t»s •> faith, the Arabians are jkilfullin Auguries, ordiuinations, becaufc they cat of
theheadandheartofa Dragon. That they eat Serpents, 5»//««/affirmeth. Atke^tus
< faiih. That the Arabians vfed to maime thenifclUes, if their King hoppcned to bee
maimed, and that in the fame member ; and in "^ another place he citeth out of Hera-
chics C«wrf«/, the delicacies ofthis Arabian King, and his quiet or idlecourfe of life,
committing matters of iudgement to Officers : and ifany thinkc himfelfe wronged by
them,he piills a chaine faftened to a window in the higheft pirt of the Pallace : Where-
upon the King takes the tnatter into his hand, and whether pdrt he findeth guiltie di-
ethforit. His expences were fiftcene Babylonian Talents a day. The Arabians kill
* Mice.as a creature fuppofcd eneraic to the gods, a cuflomc common to them with
the Perfians and e/£thiopians. The ^ women couer their faces, contented to fee with
one eie,rather then to proftitute the whole face.Thcy kill not vipers,but fcarre them a-
way with Clappers from their Balfamc-trces,faith I Pauftniat^when they gather that
commoditie , bccaufe they thinkc them confecratcd to thofc Balfame-trecs, vnder
which thcyliue and feed of that liquor, with which alfo they cure themfclues if they
are bitten by them.

The Arabike tongue is now the comrfton language of the Eafl, cfpecially among
fuch as embrace the Mahumetan religion :this language in the firft diuifion of tongues,
accordingto ^ Epiphanius ,wzsbegun m ArmotjtheBrd fpeakerand Author thereof.
It is now the moft vniuerfall in the world, as 'Bthliander, FoBelluSj Scaliger,3nd Claude
2)»>«f inhislatcHiftorie, defOrigirjedesLanguesdeceJlvniuers, doeproueat large,
from the Herculean Pillars to the Molluccas, and from the Tartars and many Turkcs
ill Europe, vnto the i/£thiopians in Afrikc, extending it felfe, which was ncucr gran-
ted to any other language, fince that firft confufion and babbling at Babel.



u D'tti Sic. /.7,



X 'Eadcmfeii
Eiifeb.de prici>it-i
rat, Eu.tib.K



lib.39,

X GramayAfl

Arab.

a lBJ.Scal.CMi

I fag lib. ».

b I'bilefi.dtvh

tuApJib.i.

c Atherweufl.t,

cap.f.

i Ath.l.iix./i,



e Plntjrch.de
inuid. & odit.
i Tertkllian dt
velmd, P^ir^
g Paajaaits
iBiislka,



h npiph.mtrk
Setbiatt,



X?



Chap;



2^4 ^f ^^^^ Saracens "Hame Ration jCiniprfKeed'm^ in Armes.Ciik? ^z.



s ScaUE.TJ.i,



h Idem in Jtr.
alibi.



c ip}pb.adhttr,
lih.t.

d Lib 6.C.i9.
e Geogfapb.
lib. 6. cup -y.

i Scen'itM An-
b.uquo! Sarace-
Hosniincappetta-
nm A.M.l.ii,
g Boterui,
Cum, all/.



h Am, Mar.



i Lib.x^.



k nitron. Trad,
bebjn Gcnepri.



vid.HterenM
£f.iU




Chap. II.

of the Saracene Name., T^jtien, and proceeding in Armes.

^^^li^^^He Arabians are diftinguidiedby many fir-names, the chiefc whereof
(faith » Scaliger) are the Hagarens (fo called oiHagar the hand-maid
oiSar*) whom the Arabians call Erabclhagiari, and Elma^arin ; and
the Saracens ftill called by their neighbours i;j(7"<«r<i;^, that is, theeuifh.
The Hagarens were more ciuilljWhofe chicfe hold was Petra,and their
Princes were all entituled Aret<i, as the Egyptians PtoUmii. Htsrome
in many places aflfirmcth, that the Ifmaelites, and Hagarens are the fame which now
arc called Saracens : foinhis Commentarieonthefccondof 7*rf»?>i(f,Ccdar(faith''hc)
is the RegioK of the defart and »f the If/natlites, whom norv they call Samcens. And on
the 25. of Esjechiel, the Madiattites, Ifmaelites and Agarens, arenow called Saracens,
And on Efay 2 1. hec extendeth their defart from India to Mauritania, and to the At-
lantike Ocean. ' Epiphanitis likewife affitmeth. That the Hagarens and Ifmaelites in
his time were called Saracens.

Plinie^ mentioneth the Saracens: placing them neere to the Nabatharans. Ptvle-
mey « likewife nameth the Scenites,fo called of their tents, which v\ith themfelues,
thcirflockes,andfubftance,they remoued vp and downe from place to place. Pcftc-
ritie hath called all thefe Tent- wanderers (faith f Scaliger o\xx.o{ Amtnitwus Alareel-
ltnus')Sarracen*s: and fo doth Ptolemey in the next words call the next adioyning peo-
ple, feating them in the Northerly bounds of Arabia Ecelix. In the fame Chapter he
fetteth downe 5i«r4r^, the name ofan Arabian Citie. g Some Authors haue written,
that becaufe Ifhmaelvizs the fonne of H'igar a bond- woman, his nicer pofteritie haue
difclaimed that difcent, and deriued their pedegree and name from Sara : P enter fono~
miney faith Hierome, /iffumentesjlbi nomen Sarit,cjnod filicet de ingentta (^ domina vi-
deanturefegenerati. yfl/f/)4«^ 5c(»//^fr, in his Annotations vpon Eufhins Chronicle,
after that he hath cited the former teftimonie of Ammianus, and of Onkelos on the 7; J,
of Gif»tf/«/,addeththeauthoriticof ^f?pi&rfw»j;whoaflfirmeth Saraka to he a Region
of Arabia, neere the Nabatharans, of which he thinkeih that -the Saracens borrowed
their name. We know (fwhScaliger) that the Arabian Nomadcs are fo called: for
Saraka in Arabike foundeth as much, that is (firaces ly AKcp/wy?) thceuifli or robbers,
fuchas the Colak-Tartars. bordering on the Turkcs, theBandoliersin the Pyrcna;an
hillcs (and the Borderers fometimes betwixt England and Scotland). De Sara, perri-
diculum :To czW them Saracens ofSara, is ridiculous; for then either they mufl: be
called 5<?r^/, otOkc Saraca. •> (JMarcel/iMus thus writeth of them ; this people fircr-
chcth from the Aflyrians to the fallcs of Nilus : all vvarriours, halfe naked, in coloured
iackcs. Noncplo\vethorp]anteth,butthey wander vp and downe without houfes or
lawcs; their life being alwayes in flight. Their wiues they hire and cpuenant with
for a time: which breed child in oneplace, and bring forth in another, and ncuer reft.
Their food is Vcnifon, Milke, Heirbes, andfuchfowles asthcy can take: themoft,
that we haue fcene, know not the vfe of Wheat or Wine. Like Kites they fnatch their
prey, butftay not by it, whether they winne or lofe. They are fuch, as the Romans
need neuer wifli them their friends or their enemies. In the time oi tultan ■ they
made out-rodes and fpoiles on the Roman Prouinces, becaufe they were denied their
wonted ftipends by Inlian^-who told them that hec had better ftore of iron then gold.
Saint '' H/«^>'owifinterprcteth that Prophccic concerning i/w*^;/. That hee fjould be a
wildeman, his hand agamfl enery one, and euery mans hand ^'gainH hm , ofthis robbing,
rouing,rogueing life of his pofteritie: Sigmfcatfemen etta hahuatmumin eremo^td eii ^
Saracenosvagos incerttf^^fedtbiu ,e]Hi vnmerfiu gentes qmhm defertttm ex latere tungi.
tttr., incurfant, impngnatur ab ommbtu. In his fecond booke againft louinian, he teftifi-
eth that their food was the milke and flefh of Camels, a creature eafiiy bred in thofe
barren defarts: but they thought itvnlawfuU to eate Swines flefti, land that Swine
werefeldomc, ornotatall found among thcm.The Prophet ' /frf/»/Vreckoueth their

TcntSy



Chap. 2. ASIA. The third 'Booh, 235



Tents, Camels, and Flockcs, as their greaceft \vealth,in that his Prophecie of their de-

This name Saracen f may well befit that courfe of liifc which they embraced : in the
more Southerly parts of Arabia, they are more ciuill and rich, dwelling in Cities, and
hauequickc trade, which all are wanting aboutMedinaandMecca, places fo renow-
ned by the life and death of cMahomer "\ Neither doth it feeme probable, that thofe m Or Miham-
which are called Agarens in the continued fucceflion of fo many ages, as appeareth, med,
I. C^rfl». 5. ID. and Tfa/m,S^.6. would after grow afliamed of that : or that y/few-«f/,
vihich derided the hopes conceiued of Kaic the fo>3Ke of Sarz, would nourifli hispofie-
litic in the fame hope^ or leaue to them any honoi'able memorie of Sara, who had re- -.if

iefted him together with his mother. Yea, and their ownelupcrftitious Legend pro-
ucth the contrary, as fliall appeare in the next Chapter,

For their Religion in old times. One faith, " That the Saracens adore the Starre of n conflantin,
Venf(i,znd in their praying cry, ^lla, ona, cubar <>, that is, God, and Venus, hannes Perphyrognii'^
Meurfms noteth thereon. That they worshipped the Image of Fenits^ fet on a great ^(<^^'*''m, imf,
fioncjon which they bcleeuc, that ^^>-^/;<»»? lay with Hagar, orclfethat heeticd his "^^'^J
Caraelhhereunto while he was facrificing/prfr. t^AnonymHsin Saracen, '^caligcr caljalf""^
callcthher Chuhar 2nd Chohar, and faith that neither Circumcifion, nor the Friday- ^^q^ ^
Sabbath, were of Af.i^^wf// inftitution,but of ancient time both thofe rites had bcene Cedrel'is more
vfedbythe Arnbians.and left byhim as he found them, q ///^ro^ofajceflifieth that the iMy,Alla.aUa,
Arabians worfhipped /ilikt, which is the Moone ; for flill they call the Moonc newly ouaC'iibarlalla,
homed //f/'i/: and the Turkes and Saracens falute the new Moone at her firft appea- P ^"'£-^-'-5.
ranee, with a kind ofveiicration. In J>/^«>-^/^^ his J'^yrrf(r<'»/(r^,isreportcd,that the Sa- '^ ^'^'d.lib.i.
racens till the time of HfracUm worOiipped the Morning- ftar and Vems^ which they
called C^<«^<2r,that is, >■ G'j'if'i'. InthebeginningoftheSpring.andinthe beginning of "^ ^robsiteb.ap.
Autumne,the Sunne entering into Jries and Z;-^/^/-<?,the Arabians vfed (which they had ^l"""'- ^'U»r,
borrowed from ihtZechi^^m and tyUbarachnma, people of India) to caft ftones vpon ' ' *"*'
heapes, being naked and bare headed, with great cries, and going about their Idols,
kiil].-.g the corners in honor of their gods. This th'ey vfed at Mecca in honor of/- enus:
andtnereforcinthatfolemnitie did they caft ftones vnder their priuitics,becaufe thofe
parts were vnder her dominion. Only whereas nakcdncfle was immodcrt,fome ordai-
ned that they fliouldbinde a cloath about their raines. This M nhome t iound before
his rime, and did not reieit, as he did fome other Idolatrous Rites; but in their Pilgri-
mage Rireitheyrtillobferueic. Properly they called the morning Starre Chobar or
Chiibur : but as thePhajnician.^/?^?-/^? was with them in their confiifed worfhip,both
/««(?, F>»««.f and the' Moonc : ib they intended the liK. . ■> this Arabian deitie. For as
Orania and AltLu indVenas, were the fame, as Berodotas auerrcth : fo the fame con-
fufionofdeuotion was in Arabia, as well as in their neighbour Countrey, Phsnicea,
Their Circumcifion, it feemeth, came from I[}:mael,znA the reft o^it/ibrahams fonnej
of old: their Friday-Sabbath from this C^-'^^^i'-deuotion, both before cJ^f^^ow<•fJ•



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 48 of 181)