Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 50 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 50 of 181)
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called Emirelmum^nim ,x.\\zt is to (ay,Pr<«/irS/ orthodexorrmt-^xht Captaines of the Sound-
Beleeners: and after, becaufe.vndercloake of Religion,they feifcdonthcPrimacie.and
tyranny (fpirituall and temporall) they named themfclucs Chaliphaes, that is, Vicars.
The firB Emirelmitmentm was Abubecher. When by his fucceffors, Gouernours " were
fent into Spair.e and Afric3,they for a time held the fame as Deputies,although to their
power nothing lacked but the title of a King, yet they profeffed to doe all in the name
of the Emirelmnme»tmym\\\ afterwards they tooke that Title alfo themf«lues and be-
came abfolute. Whence all the pettiteKings of Spaine, and the African Potentates,

Halep, Gunia, ^f^crzc7A\cAEmireelmt^meKim•, and the Kings ofBarbarie are fo failed at this day.

The Arabian
calleth them
Kings : and
cheir heires
X CaH,/(ag.l.^.

uen as the French King is called ^hnnianifstmuf, and the Spaniard Catholicus, The
Legatsof the Chalipha were called A^<«/^;», which alio fignificthtlic fame that C^/e-
lipha-y but this was made peculiar to thofe Saracen Tyrants, which vfed both Swords,
(to fpeake in the Romifh languagc)lupreme in matters Diuine and Humane.Thus ob-
ferueth lofeph Scaliger '>■ of thefe names : whereby appeareth, that Entire elmumenim
was not giuen only to Abedramon and his fuccefTours in Africa, as is before obferued
outof Cww.

Bemamin Titdelcnfts nameth the Chaliph, which in his time ruled in Bagded, Amir
Abmumanin tyilghabafsi, which cJWo«f <?»?// tranflateth, The Prince of the beleeuers
which Hue in penance, or heauincffe : it fecmeth rather to be fome title arrogated to his
deuotion, then his proper name; for wee finde none of that name in this Catalogue.
And he was there about the time of Afuksaphtor Mejieneged. Of that Chalipha Beu-
iarmn tells, ,That hee had a Palace of three miles compafTe within the Citie, within


Chap.2. ASIA. The third Booke, 241

which was a wood or groue of trees of all forts, both barren and bearing : bcafts al-
fo of all forts for game, and in themiddeft thereof a great lake with picntie of fifh,
ncichcr wanted there fowles, for varietie of difport. Hee was skilful! of the Hebrew,
and well refpei^ed that Nation. He had impoled this rule on himfclfc, not to vfc any
irieatcorspparell, which he had not ^ firftearncd: to which purpofe hee made fine x ThcGreac
mattes, which beingfealed with his ownefeale, were by his Courtiers fold, thegrcat Turkcobfer-
men buvin*' them for their vfe. None of the Ifmaelitcs (fohee calleththe Mahume- ^'"^^ome'ihi-
tans) mightfeenis face: andthc Pilgrimcs whicncametromMecca,intheLand of ftome.invfine
Elimart, andpallingthisway, defircd tofechim, vfed to enter the Palace, and there one ov other
rried out, O Lord, Light of the Jfnaeiites, and Sunne.heame of our Law^ fberv vs the handicraft.
imhtnefe of thy face. But he anfvvered them not feerning to regard them.
Then his Courtiers and great Attendants fucd for them, faying, O our Lord, ff re ad
thj peace cuerthefemenvhich come from farre Countries, &c. Then would he let out ac
thcvvindowaski'tof bis garment, which they deuoutly kifl'ed : and (when one of
thofe oreatmenhad faid, Goemfeace) returned full ofgladacfleto their home, where
they were receiucd almoft with veneration for fo happie anexployt. Eueryofthe
Princes which attended on him had their feuerall Palaces within the great Palace,and
were duelvobfcrucd, wearing alfo Iron chaines, becaufc they had once confpired to
fet vp his brother. But they had the reuenues of Townesand Citie» belonging to
them, brought them by their Officers , notwithftanding.

Thus did he conferuehis Maieftie with the people, and fecuritic with his ownc. I
omit the Edifices and pillars of gold and filuer, adorned withGcmmes, which he
mentioneth in that Palaclj : Out of which the Chaliph came but once in the ycarc, in
themoneih^<?w«^^«, or their Eafterfoleninitie, at which time thcyreforted thither
out of far Countries to (ee him, as if he had be^n Mahomet . He was then carried on a
Mule,rov3liy apparelled, and crowned with a Diadem of vnfpcakable price, on which
he ware a blacke cloath, in token that the day of death would obfcure all that pompe
andfplendour. ThePrinccs of Arabia, Media, Perfia, Tuboth, did attend him: and
thus he went to the great Temple built in the gate "2 #/r.t. The people, men and wo-
men, all cloathed in hike and purple, falutc \\im,'Teace be on thee oitr Lord King -. Hee
refalutingthem,with his hand.ormouing his garment. Being thus conueyedto the
Porch, with muficke alfo of all kinds, and dances, he afccnde: h a Tower of wood, and
there makcth a Sermon of his Law; the wife-men of the Ifmaelites applauding his
learning, the people anfwering, Amen. After this, heegiucth them allhis blcfllng:
and a Camell is brought to him, which hee killeth forthcPafchall Feaft, and caufcth
the Princes to diftribute peeces of the flcfli of the beaft which himlelfe had flaine; this
they cftceme a great gift. This'done,they depart, the King returning by another way,
by thebankcs of Tygris, alone, (the Princes pafTing in the riuer) vnto the Palace, He
had built a Palace on the other fide of Tygris, on a branch of Euphrates which flow-
ethby one fideof thcCitie, in which he had raifed great Houles, Hofpitallsfor the
ficke, and for the poore, and formadde men, with all prouifion for them at his charge.
Thus much 1 haue beene bold to inlert out of this le w.becaufe I know none other Au-
thorthatcan acquaint vs with the State of Bagdcd inthetimeof herchiefe flourifh- y
ing. before it was dertroycd by the Tartars. ^ I'Ut.'mviia.

Thushaue we "iuenvou a Chrono^raphicall view of the ancient Chaliphaes, with _*1".
their firfl and grcateff Conquerts, omitting the Icfier and later ; as in the yeare 807. in became a Pa-
Sardinia and Corfica: inSid.inCreete, 84^inSicill ; andprefently after in y Italy, pacie abrduce,
oUerrunningTufcan, and burning the Suburbs of Rome it felfc, with the Churches of though fchif.
PetenndTaul 845. the ncxtyeareinlllyria Dalmacia; befidesthe taking of Anco- ni"'"]! as
na : in 847. chafed by Pope ^ Leo from Oftia. Thefc with other their affaires of war, ji^Mar^occo^
in Lucania, Calabria, Apulia, atBeneuentum, Genua, Capua, (which Cities they tbePerfians *
tooke)IpalTeouer. After this great bodie grew lubberly and vnweldic,it fell vn- werealway
derthe weight of it felfe, nonefomuchas the Saracens auerthrowing the Saracens, Pfo"e to fuch
as their » Seds and Diuifions make plaine.Neuertheleflc,this dif-ioyning and difioyn- ^j^^^l.""" * V^^
tingnotwithrtanding, their Religion euenflill coueretha great part of the World.For ued for their '
befidesthetiiumphing fword of thcTuike, Perfian, Mogore, Barb-Jnan, and other aduamage.

. Y Mahu-

24^ Of the Saracens Name jKatm^and proceeding in ^rmes.C h a p .2,

MahumCtan Princes : (licli is the zealc of the fuperftitiousMahumctaii) that in places
furthcfldiftanc, this their Religion hath beene preached, which they trade together
>v'ich their inci-chaadiz.e,eucn from the Atlantike Ocean vnto thcPhilippinacs: ] c hath
{bisndcdinChina, ithath piercedTartaria : and althoughthe name ot" ChiiRian cx-
tendeth It fclfe into fo many Sedls and Profcffions in the Countries of Afia, Africke
end America, befides Europe (alfnoft wholly Chriflian ;) yet is it hard to fay, vvhe-
ther there be not as many Dikiplci and Profcfiours of this ridiculous and impious
dcuotion, as ofaUchofewliich giue their names to Chrift, in whatfoeuer Truth -or

Thus hath the Field and the Church ftotiped to (Jidahojnet : wee may adde more,
(SaHlawoKg th( Prophets : ) Learning hatbflounfhed among theMahumetans^atfirft
ib vnlearned and rude.
b ScilE^iH. VVhenchc Kings of Africapoflefled Spaine, they founded Vniuerfitics both at Ma-

Stef. J^^''!^- rocco (it is ^ Sc:digers report) and in Spaine, allowing yearely |[^ipends to the Profcf-
thc fi'Jures^ (oxs. And in thofe times was great ignorance of good learningin the Latine Church,
whicii'wcvfc when good Difciplines exceedingly amongli the Muhammcdans. Yea
in Arithir.e- vvhatfoeucr the La. tines w; it.afcer the induftrle of the Arabians had acquainted them
til:e,c.iiief:5 ^^'ith their wholly to bealcribcd to the Arabians, both their Philofophy,
*'^\,f"!^'^"' Phylkke,andMithematikes. For they hadno Gjecke Author which wss not firft
rile Spaniards tranflarcd into Arabike, and thence into Latinc, as Ptolcmiy, EuclJdezod the red ; till
and thence to Conftantinoplc being taken by the Tutkes, the Gretke Exiles brought vs backcto
vs,about three the FoLintaincs. But now the Muhammcdans are growneartlcffcin Africa: onely m
hundred year*. Conftantinople may good Arabike and Pcrfian woikcsbc gotten by the helpe of the
^"uchdtfcfin" I^^">«s- L-ridouicHs Vines <' faith,That they tranflatcd Arabike out of the Latine, buc
fiom ikofe ' he was not fo well able to iu Jge thereof,a!though he rightly afcribeth the corrupting
charartcrs of Arts to vnskilfull tranflations, and fhcweth the difference of y^bemoi^ or Auerrms
whkh now wc his AriUotie (as the L'-tines haue him) from the Greeke. But his inued lue is too bic-
^'^^- . . izrmconAftvrmn^Mihc hr:i}D\ir\%,z%vyiUar»td^dot»^g^atidfauo!<rwgmoreofthe Al'

'fci/l 4 X Lud, coran, then of Art. But the Spaniard might bcarc fomc grudge to that Nation, which
Viti- decani: ' fo many hundred yeares had ipoiled Spaine : Rill Icauing the Lurth part of the Spanifh Language (as Scdtger ^ teftiticth thereof) Arabike, in monument of their Con-
QmrnatUiAin- giicd. r

bicavideniur^^^ Of their learned men were « Auictn, AmrreU, Anempace, Algr.z^l, & c. Philofo-
7irAmeltii' Ako- phcis ; Meftte^ Rafis, and many other Phyfuians and Artrologers, mentioned in the
ri\ni,& hlaf^bu Chronicles oiZacuthi ; Lfo,and «yil'i/fida T/wrff/.Geographers ;Cairaoan,Bagdcd,
r»iu Hah. w/i- pcz,Marocco, Corduba,&c. were Vniucrfities of Saraten ftudcnts. But now Lear-
«i.M : mhil fieri ^^j^^g ^j^j Schooles are decayed and ruined : euen as ztBd\ alfo it was amongfl Ibmc
2 ' P^"f > ' 0- pf ji-j^i^n jjjtie countenanced, as appeareth by that H^gi^g in the 96. ycare of the Hgi-
fmdim. ' r<i, who being Goucrnour or King of * Irak,inhisfickndfe confuited withan Afiro-
d Seal cf'M ad loger, Whether the Starres had told him of any Kings death that ycare : he anfwcred,
o/iafr. That a Kinii fhould die, but his name was Ciim : Whereupon /;/^2^^-7/,rcmen)bring that

c Lud.Rcg. at his biith his mother had impofed that name on him: 1 fbal! die, faith he; buc thou
fWheroFTau- fhalt go one hourc before; and prefently caufedhishead tobefmittcn off. Anvnhap-
ris is chicfe pie Harbengerfhip in regard of his Art : anvnhappic Art which can better tell others
Citic ; M,Po'.o. Dcflinies then their owne. But no maruell in Hagag^ who was flefhed in blond, thac
lib.xcap.gcsS- his HerodianTeffament fhould be thus bloudie, who in his life had in that Median
iw'^ " Af'T Prouhice flaine an hundred and twentie thoufand men, befidcs fiftic thoufand men,
#MW. ^"'i fourcfcore thoufand women, which perifhed in his imprifonmcnts.


Chap.J. ASIA. The third ^ooke.


Chap. I I L

Tfje Lifeof Mdinimet, or Mulmmmedthe Saracen LavD-gmcr.

ip^^ri ^^r^ He life oi Mahomet is at large defcribed by diuers Authors ,but I find it
no where fo fully as before the Alcaron in the Italian Edition, the fum
whcreof,and ofthe other reports touching the fame,is this; Ifmaelwas
the firft (according to that Italian Author, others afcribe it to ^l>ra-
ham )thzi built theTempIc at Mecca, and hauing to wife an ECTptiaii
Idolatreflcjhad by her twekiefons,which (as he faith) being dliperfcd
in Arabia,Perfia,Armenia,fowed fo many forts of Religion rand Chedar his fecond fon^
placed in the Temple of his father (vpon an high Tower called Alquibla) an Idoll na-
med Allech and Allez^e, inftitutiug certaine ceremonies : and amongft the re/r, the fa-
cnficing of a Ram,in remembrance of that Ram which was prefentcd to his grand- fa-
ther Abrtim at the offering of Ifaac.Oi Chedar » defcended Thehic^znA{o inordcr,C<?-
ab,'^Hmhib,Almucaiey2,Ahlticen, Acaba, Amub.ifca, Amir, Celif, N/fca, Abhimatjix,
Pall f,Lmai,C(dnM,Morta,Chelef,Facien,Al>diiTnafief,AbdaImuta/if,Al>dalLi the i'up.
pofed \2ix\\tToi (JMahomet : his mothers name was Hennina or Hemiua a lewcfle (as
fome ^ write) his father was an Ethnicke or Pagan Idolator. His bafe condition and
obfcuritic was fuch.that the Turkes themfelues doubt w hethcr he were an Arabian or
Perfian.notwithftanding that gcnealogicall table, c Richer im reporteth that he was a
Cyreiican by birth.and that in the time of his minoritie or chiId-hood,he\vas by fome
Plagiary Ilolne away from his friends,and fold to the Ifmaelice-Merchants.Ochers fay,
tharhc was abandoned both of father and mothcr>and(according to the cruel cuftomc
of thai barbarous people) fold to ftrangers.Fromfo bafe a beginning did this cunning
impoftor and feducer of the World ariie,to be the fcourge of Princcs,aud difturber of
the World.

He was comely of per{bn,and offharp wit, and therefore was made ouerfcer of the
bufiiies o{ Abdalmutalif his Maftcr,or (as fome fay) his Grand-father : and traded for
him in Soria,Egypt,and Perfia,and after his death, inherited his goods: Continuing his
trade of merchandize with a great man of Corozan, he fucceedcd him in his bed and the mariage of his widow Gadifa (whom <• others call Adegn the daughter
of H.v/ifr.'j and that (as fome fufpe6l not vnprobably) by the helpe of Sorceries and
incantations. With this widdoWjaftcr l"hc was become his wifc,he liued in his wonted
courfe of his life thirteene yeares.and had by her one fon and three daughters. And by
this means grown great,he alpired higher;a{lcmbiing to himfelfa conjpany of thieues,
vnthrifts, and out-lawes, which w ith him became Voluntaries and Aduentiirers in the
wars of the Emperor Heraclius againftthcPerfians : in which he valourouflybchaued
himfeire,and was wounded in the vifagc & Cofdrtes the Perfian King was onercome.
After this, (JW^i&ow<?f deuifing further how to fatistie his ambitious dcfire of Souc-
raigntie,mct with occafion fitting thofe his alpiring de/lgnes. The Arabians being de-
nied their pay (as is faid)rai(ed a mutinie and « rebellion: thelcchofc Afahomet lobc
their Cap taine, whovfedthem as his inftruments of robbery and violence about the
<ouiuries of Mecca. But the Nobles oppofingthemfelucs againfl: him;he,percciuing
that their power and authoritie would bcapc illousrub in his way, thought ithisfa-
fc(i courfe to infinuatc with them, and therefore fought by alliance to wiiuie their bet-
tcrliking, taking fomeoftheirdaughtersto his wiucs; of which heehadat onetime
cleucn, and m all his life fifteene, behdes two flaues.

Heraclius at that time fauouring the Hctefie of the (J^4onothelites ; and neglcfting
the affaires of the Empire, (J^Lahomets proieiSs tooke better effedl. Hnmmaralfo and
. fJ^Michia caufed all Soria, ludsea and Egypt to rebel!. Scrgms at that time aNe-
ftorian Monke of Conftantinoplc(thence for that Hercfic excommunicated) refortinp
to A/^i/^swff, kindled thefcfparkes into a grcatfire, perfwadinghim to countenance
his Rebellion^with the pretence of Religion j the rather now that Htracims had offen-

Y 2 dc4

a Fortniickpi
f'dei rcckoneth
another gene-
Saracen Chro-
nicle continu -
ethtbis, cuea
fiom Adam ;
not agreeing
with them-
fclucsor any

b I. Be. Ben.
Voktvr. &c.
c chrinMberi

d Arab,'Soh,'ni
AlW, rejHt,

c This iiiutinj^
according to
others h.ipnetf
tnany ycaits
after that Mi'
hi:met h.«l vn-
derthe doake
t>f Religion
furthered his.
ambition and

244 The Life of Mahomet J ^c. Chap. 5.

ded the Chriftians by his cxaf^ions and Herefies.and the lewes, by new cruelties be-

caufc by Magicke he had beene warned to beware of the Circumciftd ISlation. Thus

fofnemalcconteined lewes, and fomehereticajl Chriftians being called to counfell,

it was agreed, that he fhould profcflehimlclfc to be chol'en in this turbulent flate of

the world, to bring vntotherame a A/"f«'', appointed hereunto by Diuine autho-

litic: to the lewes affirming himfclfe thcir«|!f^e(^^f/}/<f^jtotheChriltianspromi-

hng aniiddcft fo many Herclics The rule of Truth ; to the excommunicate Heretikes,

rertitution of their perfons and goods; to fcruants, libcrtie ; to fubieds, immunitic

from tribute.

f He neither ^^'^ '^'"> ^'^ caufed himfelfc of Sergiiu to be baptifed, and to be f circumci'ed alfo

was Circumci- of Abdalia a Iew,hauing before beene a Payiiime, After he got himfelfe into a Caue

fed liimfelfe, two miles from the Towne called Garhe, continuing there two ycares in companteof

(taith sn Ara- Seygiui and JbdalU, which acquainted him with the Chriftian and lewifh Principles :

'^" "° ^"(„, an*^ in the night referred to his wife,whom he perfwadcd to this vainc bcleefc by Zd-

man in i

tacion of the ^'fH'^ his feruant, rewarding him therefore with freedome, and proclaiming (as by an
Alcoran) nor Ediiitfrom Hcauen) the like libertic to all fcruants of all forts, which would follow
did convnand him. This rout rcforting to hiiiijand by their numbers ftrengthcning his fadion.their
any thing ther, t^^afjers notalittle aggrceued, gaue out a^um^our, that Mahomet was maddc,and pofl
but'th" Arabi- ^^^'^^ °^ aDiucl!, and that ancuill end would befall him and his followers. And al-
ans vfed Cir- though they might hauegotten him into their hands,yet in regard ofhis nine vnckles,
cumcifion be- and lome noble Families linked with him in kindred, viz, theCorafiftSj the Haflinifts,
fore his time, the Bcnitamines, they abliained from fijrther rigour;

g s.infoie':n» Thus with the hclpc of 5<?r|f«/ and S B'iira a lacobite, and^/'/f««/, in the caue,

calkih him with thefauourof his two vncles, Ffaaz-a and a/^Z/z^w at Mecca, with his elder bro-

JJ.JC.W, and ad- x\kv (that tooke his daughter Fatima) and Eulfocam (a chiefe man of that place, after-

1'/o P '-^ft w*f'^5 'li^ father in law) he compofcd after his and theirpleafuic ConilitHtwtisatid Ca*

of Rome w.7t, and publiflicd the fame at Mecca ; with protcftation that the AngetlGabrielhiA.

beene fcnc to him from GoiJ,as in old times to tlic teach him thefe thin^j.

And in the firft place commanding them to btkene m GoAthe Qreator of heauen aid

e^^.rtb the caufer ofiainesand fiuitSjthatinflifteth death on mcn.and after raifeth them

vp to giuc them either, in reward of their good woxVcs^'Paradife-ox ol'their bad,//f//;

and fuch other things, neucr before heard of among thefc fimple Idolatrous Inhabi-

tantsof Mecca, he grew in great eftimation.

For in Pcrfia and Arabia,bcfore this time^lpmc worfhipped a Tree, which they cali
led P uculangy.a, o^er'm^ facrifices thereto : fome an Idol!, called Bliomum; and fome
the Sunnc ; and othcrx,other Idolatries ; iprcad by the fo many fonnes of Ifmael; and
therefore theruder mult!tude,aftonifl-ied with thefe Propheticall and Angelicall titles
were cafily bewitched. And by degrees he publifhed his intended wickc(]nes,not fpa-
h Mahomet^ ringoutragious villanies,as ^ thcftealingofa Camcll, themurthcring of a lewflee-
Ji'^'^f^. ^""^ P'"8 vndcr a tree. Yea,he pretended not humane infinnitie,but diuine authority,to his
i An Adul- moftmifchieuousdengnmenfs.Forexample.beingluftfully affcilcdtw ' Zameh, the
terer. daughter of Ciz/j/.the wife of Z'.z/a'/ he writ in his Law,That after vow or promifeof

marriage it was lawfull for him to enioy her, and (if he pleafcd) to take her to his wife,
k A WjttalJ, And being reprehended.that Aiffa his wife k was diflioncft v-'nhZ^-rfhagam^thc fonof
AlmmbiJtbuw^ihc Angell (forfooth) faid,f>ie was chaft. And bring found by his wiues
with Mary the wife ofy1/jir<i^^,thcKingoftheIacobites,hein another Chapiter is ab-
folued ofhis oath,and free to lye with any woman.not being able to containe himfelf
notwithfianding he had fworne fo to do. And by the fame authority he eniovncd them
penance, for blaming the Prophet. And willing to diuorce one ofhis wiues, but fea-
ring the greatncfle of her kin ired, he frameth one Chapiter, blaming him for fea-
ring man more then God. Meeting once with a woman on the way, hee would hauc
abufed her, butfhe refufing, hcefet vpon her Affe (Lcttice befitting his lippes) affir-
ming that had more finned, then if Oiee had flaine an hundred men.'
] Vet.Alf. sp:(d ^^ j ^he Saracens to this day, faith ' Petrns eyilfonfi deplore that fad of this Saracen'.
%(aacnoaci'. '..,«„ jj'i ..


Hevvantcth /lot his miracles alfo in his Legend. As he iourncyedin the heat of the


Chap.j. ASIA, The third Sooke,



day ' vvith his Camels, a Cloud coucred his head fiom the fcorching heat of the Sun, . _ . , ;
about the feucntcemhycare of his age. And when he firll entered the Caue. he faw the jmiades. ' °
Angcll f/^^Wf/ in his proper fhape, with white wings on a feacof gold betwixt hea-
lien and earth, who brought him his Prophecic : and going to Mecca to tell his wife ;
the Beafls, Trees, Stones, and Hcarbcs, fainted him with the name of a Prophet, and a. ,
Mcffengerof God; and the trunkeof a Treeflanding inthpway, diuidedit felfe foe
him to pafle betweene,and then after clofed againc. He fatisfie his incrcdnlou J
vnckle 'BugellwHs, caufed theMoone to dcfcend from hcauen, which entered into his
fleeuc, andafterparteditfelfeincwo, and then afccndedagaine. To fatisfie the peo-
ples doublings, he caufed a Bull (taught before to come at his cali) to bring on his
homes a Chapiter, which he there had tied, to teftifie the truth of Mahomet.

But while the fame of this his Propheticall Fundion filled the mouthcs of the vul-
gar with acclamations, it no lefl'c filled the hearts of the Nobles of Mecca with dif.
daine.who fought therefore to apprehend him ; but he clofely fled to letrib orMedina
with his followers, where he liued with the name of a Prophet thirtecne yeares. From
this flight they begin the computation of their i^fg-/r4 : the word Hcgirathi fignificth
a pcrfccution for Religion. Wherein i^/s^awcf imitated the Chriflians of thole parts,
who accounted their yeares from thcperfccution oi Diode fan. 1'hzi his flight hapncd
onthefixteenthof lulyy^w.Pow. (522. on Friday : Therefore doe theykeepe holy the
Friday And bccaufe then the Moone fhewed her new hornes,that became a facrcd cn-
figne to the MahomctansiSi on Towers where they watch to obferue the new Moone,
they fetvpan horned Moone, as Chriftianson Steeples vfe tocredthe Croffe. For
then there wasno A^'^n' Moow 63y ofthch moneth Afuh.trrara '".but was thefecond m Forthevn-
day after the lewifh account : and therefore the new Moone might then be feene. But derftaoding of
for the Friday it was obferucd, before M/thomeis nme^^s (hillai'icrhc { de- this,reade
pnued a ccrtainc Carpenters poore Orphans of their patrimonic.and confeciated their ■^"'•^•^•''^•»»
Houfe into a Temple.This Citie being for moft part inhabited with I e wes,thcy asked a
figne in confirmation^of his Oflice.He faid.That he was not fcnt with miraclcs,but de-
nuntiation of Armes beere, and Hell hereafter : and thofe which would not receiue his
new Doftrine he expelled by force. Being abfolutc Lord heerc, he afpired alfo to the
Dominion of Mecca. He fent thirtic horfe with Hanx^ta to rob the Mcrchants.traucl-
Jing thither : but being thenpreuented,he fent, foure yeares after, fixe hundred of his
belt foildiers, vndcr H:fgaida, to aflault Mecca, but he alfo was difcomfited : yet not
defifting his enterprife, fcucn yeares after he atchicucd it, and after clcuen battai'cs eiir
tercd andfackedthe Tovvnc, andgaue thefpoiletohis fouldiers: andforfcare, the

neighbouring-Cities fubmittedthcmfclucs.yi/4^(»»>rf/ herewith encouraged, afiaulted
the Pcrfians and Egyptians, exchanging with thofe he conquered, his 2S(f» 'l{e/igio>t,
forthcirold wcalthandIibcrtie,bindingtheGouernours thereunto. But now being
old, and through his intemperances weake, and difeafcd alfo with the falhngSickncs,
he coloured his often falling with pretext of Gabriels brightneflc,and the vnfuifcrable
fplendour of his prefcnce,

. ' He was of meane ftature, large f newes, browne colour, broad face, vitb a cut lip^
and had one of his fore-teeth flricken outinoneExpedition, and in another hisface
vvounded, Hehad a great head,thiiine haires, long niankcs,not proportionable to hij

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 50 of 181)