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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 51 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 51 of 181)
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head. He was offcw words,but deceitfull ; couetous,and withall prodigall, (but of o-
thcrmens goods) and in deeds of luft equalling himfclfeto fortie other men, or (as
fome fay) fiftie. When he was threefcore and three yeares of age, he died; of which
he liued in trade of Merchandize thirtie eight, and ni the Caue two ; at Mecca ten, in
Medina thirteene. He had commanded, that they fhould not burie him ; for that on
the third day after hee would afccnd in bodie and foulc into heauen. Meane- while the
Earth being poyfoned with the flinke of his carkafTe, they buried him, not at Mecca
(as fome affirme) but at Medina. His Law.in his lifc-time,fuftained many alterations ;
Cettentu his Scribe writing what himfelfe pleafcd : and the feuerall parcels of the fame
being coUefted by O^/w^-Wjoncof his fucceflbrs.this Book was therupon called Alca.
rewjthatis.a Summary ,or Colleilion of Precepts Thus Mahomet aduantaged himfelfe
V.'ith the mutinous Rebcls,Fugitiues,Vmhrifts,Apoflata-Iewcs,and heretical Chrifti-

Y J ana



24^



The Life of Mahomet j zjrc.



Chap. 5'



h Legend of

Mahomet, Hei%
minno DalnMci
interprete,

o Thcfe Pro-
phets were /i(6-
VabdilU, Ab-
n.ilm!ilairit,4-
biiyicl, Ahami'

Alfad, Abiibm-
bt\,E\:,iz',/lb-
ttjm.ve, j^^sbal-
f';jfc,;»-(fcho!lct
of is^^bctmeili )
oi h^ibaUibbar.

p AMahume-
tan Chronicle
faichjThat this
Light claue to
the hands of
God two thou.,
land y cares
before /f^jOT ,
woifliippin^
him a, the An-
gels ; after in-
cloftd in the
Rib of Adam,



q Sound, cou-
ragious, faire,
fwift, iuft, a
Hunter, and
Archer.



ans in that difeafed State of the Empirerthe bodie whereofwas affiiftcd on the Eafl by
the Perfians.on the Weft by the Gothes and other Barbarians, and fetted within the
owne bowels by inteftine rebellions: the Soule thereof being no leffetornc and rent
by the SeiSs and Hcrcfies of the Arrians.Donatifts Neftorians, Pelagians, and others.
He fifliing in thcfe troubled watcrs.fet on foot his new Religion, to bring light to the
Gentiles, and to mitigate to the lewesand Chriftians the feueritie of thcLawand
Gofoell. But the Mahumctans themfclues doe report otherwife.fabling of this Fabler
otc^tmziierSjdis'if hchzdheene the Promtfe and Hope of Nations, zndihcmoR. excel-

lent perfonage of the World.

They haue written a Boolce of the generation of C^^^ewf? to thiscffcft: " The
Bookcof the generation of cJW'5i&owfr,theMeflcngerofGod, (the Prayer andSal-
uation of God be vpon him) from Jdam^ud Eue to the time when God brought him
forth gracious, pcrfeft,3nd fit for himfclfc.When as Kabachbar had learned out of the
" Scriptures, and by Attrologie, that his Prophet fliould be borne to the world, hec
heard, That there was a man borne in Iefera?,a Citie of Arabia,hauing all fuch markcj
and tokens, ashce had fore- feene by the Prophecies and his Art, tjiz,. Afpotonhis
forehead, a print bctweenc his flioulders, tec. And to fatisfic his defirc, hee went thi-
ther to fee; where finding thofe tokens fulfilled in yong Aiahotnet^ he thereupon ex-
pounded the darkeniylkrie of his farrc-fetched L/^^r,learned of his MafteriC.ii^f/wf-
f//, in this manner: When Adam wasncwiy created, as he flood vp, his braincfliaked
andmadeanoyfe.astheleauesdoe, which are {Viaken with the winde: whereat a^-
^«»? wondering, God faidvnto him, The found which thou haft heard is thefignc of
the Prophets and Mcffengeri of my Commandements. Take heed therefore that thou
commit this Seed oiL:ght only to worthie I oynes and to a cleanc Wombc. And this
p /L/'^jif of il/ii/^eiwfr that fhould be borne, fliincd from the face of v4i/.iw, as the Sun
or Moone at the full.And when he had begotten Seth that Light pafled inftantly from
the face oi Adam into the face of £«f ,in lo much, that the birds of the Airc,and beafts
of the Earth, wondered a: her beautie. Yea, the Angels euery day faluted her, and
brought her odours out of Paradife, till flic brought forth Seth alone, hauing before
atcueryburthen,brought forth a brother and a filter. • "

Seth inherited this L/^tr, which remained betweenehcauen and earth, the Angels
thereby afcending and defcendingvpon5irfi, and crying alwaycs, Reioyce thou Earthy
veonhte of the Light o/Mahomct, e^ him be Prayer andSaluatton of God. Adam draw-
ing neeie to his end, declared vnto him, by his Tcflament, the myftcricof thatL/^ii',
and theGenealogie of thePtophets.Then defccnded G.-^'^y/f /accompanied with three-
fcorcand ten thoufand Angels, bearingeuery one of them a whiteleafeandapen,
which figned the writing,for the continuance otthc order of the Propheticall genera-
tion. 5«;!)recciued this writing, and was cloathedwith a double red garment,{hining
as the Sunnc, and foft as the violet-flower.

From him it pafled by fuccelTion to T^o^ and'J'^w ; then to Abrahtiw,3t whofe birth
two lights from the Eali and Wcft(ineeting in the middeft^tightned the whole world:
and the Angels were heard finging. That it was the Light of the Prophet Mahomet,
who fhould be borne of his Seed^ whofe Word fhould be in the vcrtue of God. This
Light pafled from a^^r^^-^w to the face of //.^^^ir, being with child, and after to If-
mael- and God told him, That the Soulc of Mahomet, in the beginning of the Crea-
tion, was mingled with his, and that his name in Heaucn fliould be ty^fmet, in Earth
M izhomet /mV&xiiMt Abiialtriiz,im. Atthis^jty.-r grieued, vntill three Angels com-
forted her with thepromi/eof Ifaac. From ifmaelh remoucd to Kcidur his fonnc, who
being indued with 1 /««!?» (?//>/, married 7^(?j/u of the Land of //^^f,but,bcing war-
ned by an Oracle, he tooke to wife ^/^►i^/J'-s, an Arabian; and after, bvdinine war-
ning, carried the cheft of this Z/'^A? \nto Jacob. Then was Hiwt/ borne to him, and
rccciued the fame Light ^ in wh\chihccecdc<.iThcbicht,HamieJfa,Adeth,Ai!uz't^Ad»e^
Af achat, Ntx.ar, Mufar, A/iez,, Madraca, Horeima,K»itnii, Anofra, Ateltc,Fi:lhrenti
Lute, Qaliben, Kab, Afurraa, ^»dai, Abdamenef,-H efirr}, a man by diuine teftimonie
tree of allvncleanneflc. To him did all Kings offer their daughters in marriage, and a^
mong the reft CoriHantifie, which he retufed, and married Sdinc thc^daughcer of Zeit,

and



Chap.j. ASIA. Tk third Booke, i^j

and had by her Abdalmatalib^ whofe Liglit caufed raine in drought. To him an Ele-
phant proitrated himfelfe, and faidwith mans voice, Saluation be en yon, dnd on the
Light that flanethoutof yoHr Rtines , Dignitie, Fame, Honor, and Viflorie be on you,
and that there fliould proceed from him aKng,greatcr then all the Kings of the Earth;
Another time, as he flept on the flone which was placed by ey^haham in his Oratoric
at Mecca, he dreamed of a chaine reaching Eafi and Weft, and to Heauen , and to the
Depth, which was prefently conuerted into a floutifhing hcarbe. Noe and yibrkhafn
prefented themfclues interpreters of this Drcamc. Abdalla his fonne, the father of
C^fahor/iet, had a Tutor giuen vnto him, to defend him from his enemies, who I'eemed
a man , but was none. 'Hee wasprefcrued from the lying in wait of the lewes , by
thrcefcore and ten Angells , which feemed Men. Hee wedded ■■ Ermina , and r Or Hcmiaa
therefore two hundred Women pcrifbed for hislouej foiue hanging, fomc burning Daughter of
themfelue.s, . Abdcmmcf,

When the prefcribed time was come, inthcmoneth!Z)«/^«Vi, on a Friday night,
God bad Aridnvan to open the gates of Paradife, that the innermoft of his fccret
might bee manifcfted : for it pleafeth mce (faith hee) this night to tranfport the Light
of my Prophet from the reines of e^^i^^//^ into the wombe oi Ermhia , and that it
come into the world. This being done, as y^^^^re/Z^jtheludgcandLordof the Arabi-
ans, went into the houfc of Prayer.hc perceiucd a great light to lighten from his houfe
vp toward Heauen, and prefently dyed. On the twelfth day of RaS , onaTu«fday,
iJMahofKct wishornc , circumcifed, and all frolick. And then all Idolls fell and be-
came black : AUKlngdomes were deflroyed,rnd not one fiood vp-right, Lucifer v^zs
cart into thcbottome of the Sea, and in fortie dayes could not get out, and then called
his fellowcs, snd told them, that LMahomet was borne with the power cf the fword,
who would take away all their power. The fame alfc God caufed to be proclaimed in ^ ^" ^'^° ^^^'
Heauen and Earth, His mother faid. That flice was deliucrcd of h:m without painc, ""y' fi""^-
and Angelicall Birds came to nourifh the child, and a man clothed in white prefented ^ lavittaia-
him with three keyes, like to Pearles, which he tooke ; the key of Viftoric, the key of / ow ti faitb,
the Lawes, and the key of Prophecie, And after came three pcrfons with fhining faces, I" a fhining
prefenting him a Cauldron of Emeralds, with foure handles , which Mahomet sccep- Judder they
ted as a figneofhis rule oueralhhe world. The Birds, Clouds, Windes, Angels, con- hc"Jj.n''^herc
tendfdlorthcnouriflimentof the child. But the cafe was determined by heauenly theflars hung
Voice,afR;!ning, That hee fliould not bee taken from the hands of men. AnAfl"e,al- by golden
mofifamillicd, worfliipped him , and receiuing him on her back , became Herald to chaines,ashig
this new Prophet, with mans voice proclayming the wortliinefl'e of her Carriage. a^T'Ounci^o-
Thiccmcncarryedhmi vp intoaMountaine:oiwhicn,oneottnemopened him from ^j jherewcrc
thcbreaftviuotheN3uell,andwafhed his cntrailes with fnow : the fecond cleaned in the firfthca-
his heart in the middcft, and tcoke outofitablackgiaine, faying, Thatitvvasthe uen Angels of
portion cf the Dcuill. The third inade him whole againc. Seraphim novnfhcd him tliefliapesof

three veares , and Gabriel nine and twentie, who gauc vnto him , in the fortieth ^ 'reacurcj,
■'^. .. 1 ii-it T-i-i-. < I Piayinptor tni

ycare of his age , the Law, and carryed him to Heauen. Thishisiourney is related ^rj^jy^gj of

by fucr Richard, {'omeinnes a Hudent in the Vniuerfitie of Baldach, Chapter i^.aind theirfliapes:

in his f life. andaCotk,

' e<z^r«/, with threefcore and ten paire of wings, cafneto (Ji'{ahoT>7et/mthechim- who;efeet

berof ^»/<?,hisbeftbelouedwife, and (aid. That God would haac him to vifithinh ^"3^,^,,°"^

where heis; and brought with him the beaft '/-fep^r^r. or yilbor.uh , of nsturebe- head the'othcr

tweene a Mule and an AfTe. This btaft told A:f.ihorr.ct , That hee would not take hlin whofe crowing

pnhisback, till hee had prayed to God for him. His flcps were as f;irre as one could mouedthe

fee, fo that in the twinckling of an eye he had brought CMahoKiet tolerufalcm. Then ^°[^'j°^*J|,

gabrie/ w ith his girdle tyed the beaft to a Rock, and t carried yl/^iswf/ on his flioul- jn'theacond'

dcrs into heauen ; where hee knocked , and the Porter opened. Here (J14 ah c/tj e t iZw ,vasi\'of. This

"^troupes of Angels, and prayed twice on his knees for them : and amongst the reft, old Heauen wasof

• \ ^ ' ^ ^ -■•■■'■■ - ■■ ■■■ ■ goldjlhc third

cfPearlcs, wherein vt is /Ihrahaw, rM'dtKettuge liufij Anfellbf 6ea'th, witVihisbooke an<3 pen in hand, wi;t;ng the
times and rrcns hues ; (which fatal! opinion niaketh them ha)-dje)The foiirth was of Emcrald.herc was loltpb and the
Anecl! of Comp3fMon,wceping fof the finnes of men. Tlie fifth of Diamond, and in it Mofet. The lixt of Rubie,and
in K iot/» J5 <«/«](, The fcucnth of Fire, and in it Ufus Cbri[l. Ail thefe recotnmcnded thcrhlelues to hii Prayers.

old



e



24S The Life of Mahomet ^ i^c. C h a P . ^ |

old Father Adam , reioycing for fuch a Sonne , and commending him to hispravcrs.
Then hee brought him to the fecond Hcauen , which was a journey of fiue hundred
ycarcs,andfoforthontoihefeuenthHeauen : Herehre faw the Angelica!! people,
euery of which was a thoufand times greater then the World, andeuery ofthemhad
threefcorc and ten thoufand heads , and euery head threefcore and ten thoufand
mouthcs, and euery mouth feuenteene hundred tongues , praifingGod in fcuen hun-
dred thoufand Languages. And he faw one Angell weeping , and he asked the caufe,
whoanfwcred, That he wa$i'/»w#. And c^^^ow^/ prayed forhim. TUenUaliriel
commended him to another Angell, and he to another , and fo forth in order , till he e
came before God and his Throne. Then God (whofe face vyas couercd with three-
fcore and ten thoufand clothes of light, and from whom v^/^^ow?/ flood two flones
caft below) touched him with his hand, the coldnefle whereof pierced to the marrow
of his back-bone. And God faid, 1 haue impofed on thee and on thy people Prayers.
When he was returned as farrc as the fourth Hcauen, Afefes counfclled him to returne
back;to obtay ne eafe vnto the people, which could not beare fo many prayers, which
he did oftentimes, tiil there rcmayned but few. Thus returning to his£/«/)rf>-.^r, hce
rode back to his houfe at Mecca. All this was done in the tenth part of the night. But
when he was requefted to doc thus much in the peoples fight, he anfwcrcd,Praifcd be
God, I am a Man, and an Apoflle.

The booke t/ifear (faith 'BeUonius) tclleth further , That in this iourney Mahomet
heard a vvomans voice, crying, (J^abomet, Mahomet, h\xx.\\che\dh:\s^c:iicc. After-
wards another called him, but he gaue no anfwcrc. CMahamet asked the Angell who
they were ? He anfwercd,That the one was fhcc which publiflicd the lewes Law.and
if he had anfvvcrcd her, all his Difciples fliould haue beenc Icwcs : the other was fliee
which deliuercd the Gofpcll, whom if heehadanfwercd, all his followers had beenc
Chriftians.

The faid Booke telleth. That Cods face was couercd with threefcore and ten
thoufand linnen clothes made ofLight, and that God gaue him a fiue-foldpriuiledge,
Firft, That he fhould be the higheft creature in heauen or earth ; Secondly , the moft ex-
cellent of the fonnes of t^^i«w: Thirdly, An vniuerfall Redeemer : Fourthly, Skilfull
in all languages : Fifthly, That the fpoiles of VVarres fhould be giuen him. Gabriel af-
ter (faith that booke) carryedhimtoHell, to fee the fecrets thereof , and the fcuen
gates thereof,&c. where (as in theplacc fittell for him) we will Icanc him. The booke
of the venues o( Mahemet faith. That in glorying of his ftrength he would boaft, that
he had knowne his cleucn wiues fuccefliuely in one houre.

One of their Chronicles telleth of his Martiall affaires. This Chronicle rcckoncth
from Adam toT^oe one thoufand two hundred two and fortie yeares : From thence to
Abraham, one thoufand and fourefcore : Hence to Afofes, fiue hundred and fiftecne :
After him to "Di^w/W, fiue hundred threefcore and nine : and from this time to C^r/ii?,
one thoufand three hundred and fiftie:from whence to Mahomet is numbrcd fixe hun-
dred and tvvcntie; in all fiue thoufand three hundred threefcore and fixteene, from
«y/i^4W to y^*i/>ow«*r. All the Prophets were in number an hundred and twemic thou-
fand, and the Mcflengers of God three hundred and fiftecne : \\\\zxtoi Adam , Seth,
Efdrtk^, l<loe, Ahaham, vvcrcHebrewcs5 Huth,Schale,iP}-/KaelySchaib,Muhomet,
were Arabians.

If this HirtoricofcJW'<«^flwffj life be long and tedious, I thought good, out of an
Arabian Chronicle, to addc this Epitome thereof. His Mother dyed in a iourney to
Mecca, when he wasfoure yearcsold, and hisNurfe reftored him to his Grand-father
Abdalmntaltf, with whom hee liued eight yeares. The Seraphim preferucd him, but
was neuer fcene. After that, Gabriel was his Guardian, ofwhom he recciued the Law,
which he kept clofe three yeares,communicating it only to fome of h.is owne opinion,
by whofe hclpc he became Prieft and Prince of the Arabians and Saracens, and about
eighteene moneihs after was carried into Heauen : and beii g returned into the Earth,
hetooke Ettboeara^Ali, and Z<«/<;/ to be his Companions m this enterprife. Hee went
toZaif, or Atharf, and preached publikely, and thence to Mecca, ten yeares going
from place to place. And of his Conuerts, he chofe fome for guard of his Perfon, who

fvvarc



Chap.4' ASIA. The third Booke, 249

fware the obferuance of his Law, to the number of fortie, who now with Word, now
with the S woid, fet forward this Doftrine. After ten yearcs, Mecca was peopled only
vvithbekcuers; and all Arabia was conuerted , without difficultic. Then heefentto
the neighbouring Kings to become of his Religion ; to the King of Pcrfia, to the Ro-
man Emperer, to King Cw>!a , to the Lord of the two Seas, to thcKingof exfthio-
pia,&c. After he returned to letrib, and on Tuefday, the twelfth ofRab, intheele-
uenth ycare , dyed. His Sepulture was appointed by God in the houfe of ^ifca his
Wife, in the Chamber where he was wont to fleepc, where, at this day, is a Temple
of Brick, His body was wrapped in three white clothes, without any pompe. His
icale was a filuer Ring, with this infcription, UMabomet the mejfenger ofCjod. He went
twice on Pilgrimage, and nineteene times conduced an Armie.

The place of his buryall is at Medina, furnamcd of him Talnabi "*, that is, of the Pro- * Ntibi,^ Pro-
phet; not (as fome write) at Mecca. NeitherdothhisCoips hangintheaireby force phet.
ofLoad-ftones, drawingvp his yron Coffin crChcft, but licih buried m the ground
(if any where) as Ludouieuj Vertomannus, by his owne view, hath obferued. Of this
place, and of Mecha, wee fhall fpcake more , in relating the Rites of the Pilgrims that
vifit them.

Some relate otherwife of the death o^ Mahomet , as that hee dyed at fortie yeares of j],,. p^okc of
age, being poifoned by one of his Difciples, called Mbumr^ to make trial] of his boa- the Poliae of
ftingprophecie,thathe wouldrifeagainewithinthrecdayesaftcrhisdeath. This Al- the Tuikifti
bmor after comming to fee him , found his body tome in pecces , and deuoured of Empuc.
Doc'ges : whereupon gathering together the bones that remained, into a Coffin, hec
caufe'dthemtobeburyed. Which inmymiiidc is not fo probable as theformerre-
port. The day of his death Scahgtr accountcth the tenth ycare of the Hegira^on Mun- Sr.i/.E.T.f 74fc
day the tw elfth o^Rabie i . or rather the Euening before, that is, the fixtcenth of lune,
intheyearcofourLord 651. and was borne the 5. of May , An.T>om, jyo. on the
{ame day and moneth, 6 5 , Arabike yearcs before.



Chap. Ill I.

of the Alceran, or Alfuran, coniaymng the Mahumetme Law :
the jumme and tentents thereof.

He Booke of Mahomet s Law is called by the name of Alcoran, which
fignifieth a colU^ion of Precepts ;ind Alfurcan, (ns it is exprefled and
cxoounded in a Booke, ^ called the Expofition or Dodrine of the AI- a Hmnan.Dd
coran) bccaufe the fentences and figures thereof are feuered and di- mtcqveu.

ttinguiO-ied, for y?/ is the Article, and phmcan fgnifieth a dtfiinUio)!,

or as fome fay, Redemptio>7, Claude Dura citeth an opifiion that of the Hebrew word
J(:«e>'<i,which fignifieth the Z-^n'or5m/;f«r(r,commeth this word ^or^w.which with the ^ -j-j^g ftikof
article Al, fignifieth thf j^V-f, '^«' Scripture, as with them it is citeemed : the like hath it,
SorMzo. TheWordof God (faith /T/^iflKi<rf in that Booke) came not to mee all at c In anmatia-
once,astheLawvntoyl/«./fj,thePf3!mesto'Z)^«?^, and the GofpcU to C'ir/i?. The "'/"/„ ^Jj^*
Sentences or Chapters thereof are called Azoaras, which is interpreted a Face, as we clmilum luBs
call them C^ipita^ Heads. The l^ile ^ is no: in Meter, as fome hone imagined : for lofe. extrcma Deute-
phiis SciiUger <^ (a great Critick,and reputed one of the gteateft Linguifts in the world)^ ro>iomio,?rouer.
affirmetht That that Language is not capable of metricall meafures by quantities of ^m sMomom,
Syllables j as neither the Hebrew, Abyfl^c, or Syrian. Hee faith yet, That the Ako- fc-Tb SL
ran is compofcd in Rime, but fuch, as is not in any tunable proportion ; but that word ,^,^^j neajsHn.
which makcih vp the Rime, being fometimes nearer , and fometimes farre beyond all te cohibmm;
harmonic, diftant from that word whereto it anfwereth. At the end of fuch Rimes are ^«i lythmin efi
fet the figures of Flowers, or fome fuch matter.- which if it bee fo, theTurkifh nicetie i>'ft^trdt/arim
of making no likcnefle cf any thing in their Carpets, or other Workcs , is flrider then J^S^^'— ,

Sed tiiqimitdo pucmurn flint fylLibarim , aUqitanda fmiitm , &c, -^—Niim vt in Hebrako , Sy/uco , Arabice ,&.€.'
iyfsino idiemM vUa mttn ]j/ecies comi'i I'ofsit , nemo cj(iiee - e fofiit , qma id nmra ftrmMii von fatitu,:

thefe




1^0



Of the Alcoran^ or JlfnrcaHj ^c.



H A P.4y



Thepbrafc,



'a Yhc me&od



b H'ietm.Sdunn.

c The fubtiltie.
Kit.Florentms,



A The agree-
tnet of Colics,



thefe Alcoran-bookes thcmfelucs, and indccde is not common with them vnto other
Mahumctanes, v\ ho vfc their libertie in this point.

For the vvordes and * phrafe; no man cuer writ any thing in-Arabisn more rudely
(faith an Arabian Chrittian in confutation hereof) and much better mighty!/«x,«7f-
ftia, Heleaifi, and Alahaz.bi the t/£thiopian, and Calliata EHecedi, which vpon emula-
tion compofed alfo cuery one an Alcoran , glorie of thofe their Workcs , contaynin*'
more honefiic and truth. Neither hath it plcafed any noble or wife man , but the rude
vulgar : ofwhich fort,the wearie labourers gladly gaue care to bis promife of Paradifc
thepoore delighted to heare of Gardens in Perfia, and Bankrupts and Felons eafily
liftened to fecuntie and libertie. The mcthode » is fo confufed , that our Arabian Au-
thor (who liued before it was fo generally embraced, and in freer times) faith. That he
had heard euen good Saracens aftirme with griefe, that it was fo mixed and heaped to-
gether, that they could findc no Reafon in it. Bad Rime, as you hauc heard,and worfc
Reafon, Hierome Sauanorola ^ hath the like faying, That no man can finde herein any
order :Nor could fo confufed and foolifh a Worke proceede from any naturall or fu-
pernaturall light. It is yet craftily = contriued, when he hath fetdownefome wicked
Doi5lrine,prelcntlytolaccand fringe it with Precepts of Faffing, Prayer, or Good
manners : alwaics taking away things hard to bee beleeued or pradil'ed : and where it
deliuereth any truth, it is maimed with defcfft.cclipfed with obfcuritie, and ferueth for
a fialc to falfhood. The Copies thereof <! were diuers ; and ziitxOMahomets ^C7i\h.
made (if it could be) worfe, at leafl otherwife, then hee left them. For Hah had one
Copie left him by Mahomet, which the lewes corrupted, adding, racing, changing ac
theirpleafurc,andpromifedhimthcirafIiftancc, if hcwouldprofcfiehimfelfe a Pro-
phet. But Oz.fmen commanded all the Bookes to bee brought and deliucrcd into the
hands of Zeidi and Abdalla, to bring all into one Bookc, and, where they diffcuted, to
rcade after the Copie of Cor<?w, and to burne all the rcf^.

They thus compofed the Alcoran, whereof they lefcfoure Copies, which after were
loft. And yet Hah, AhitaUh,znAlhe>tmtiz,od then rcfufed to dcliuer vp their Bookes:
Whereupon arofediuers Readings, and afterward diucrs Schifines; which to com-
pound, others often cndeuoured by like labours after, but could not throughly perfe<fl
the fame. Neither doth that which we hauc tranflatcd,agrcc with thofe thmgs which
Frier Richurd and others cite out of it, in their confutations thereof.

The e truth thereof is fuch in his deuihngs of new, and feeking and altering the old,
that it is not probable in ftues opinion, that euer he read the old and newTcfbnient r
For (faith f he) though I thinkc of him exceeding badly , yet thinke I him not fo mad
to change and wreft the Scripture, there cfpecial]y,where it made nothing againll him:
but he had partly heard of fuch things, partly was fo perfwadcd by his fcllowes, Apo-
flata-Iewes and Chriliians. This riming,harl'h,confufed,packing, worke, difagrceing
each Copie from other, and all from truth and honefiie.hathbeen s tranflated into La-
tine'' once by an 'En^\ih-mzn,Roberttii Retmenfs ; and after by loanties Segcbienlts,z
Spaniard, at the Councell of Conftance, & after out of Arabian into Italian,publifbed
by iAndraa Ariuabene. The firfl, and laft of thefe, that is, ^tinenfis, and the Italian
tranflations are here by vs followed. For the Arabike I vnderftand not : nor can war-
rant this when fo great a man as S'M/zf^- findethgieat fault with it : Hee that vnder-
tooke to mend the Latine ftilc , marred the fenfe ; and the Italian beguileth the world
in profefTing to haue tranflated out of the Arabike. IhwsScaligcr ^ whomentioneth
another tranllation then in hand, which w'c arc almoft out of hope to fee. In the meanc
while, futh as we hauc, we giue to you.

It contayneth Chapters. or y4i.i><zr<iV 124. cueryofthem beginning, /»?/&«■»<!?>»* of
the mercifdll and fittifull god, Thefirfl > of thefeare the wordesof^iii!jow<fr,andis



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 51 of 181)