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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 56 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 56 of 181)
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miracles' faith
hath euer rela-
tion to the
word of God.
a ^£2.1.11.13

Cdumo-Turcif-
miis djf, Tuno.
l'apifmusJ).S/it.
b Bccaufe at
Trent nothing
might be dt-
crced, but
what was firft
fcnt and orde-
red from
Rome : hence
grew this
prouerbc.
c When the
Soldans reig-
ned in Egypt,
they had a
ccremonie af-
ter ihe Pilgri-
mage, to cut
in pccccs a
Carr.cll which
bad Carried
their Alcoran
in great folem-
nitie to the
Soldans Pa-
lace ; cuery
particle of the
beaft^andof
his furniture
being eftcc-
med, and rc-
ferucd asaho-
JyRelike.



of out Ladies Image at Lorctto with their Beads, or other implemeiits of their fuper-
ftition, as my friend mafter Barkjcy , an eye- witnefle, hath told me. Maruell much wee
may that the Souldicrs which crucified Chrift and parted his garments by lor, and /»_
dot which killed him, and the DcuiU alio which carried his body out of the wilderneflc
and fet it on a pinacle of the Tempie, did not from fuch holy touches acquire much ho-
hnefle. But here a good intent was wanting, which chough the Mahumctans haue.yct
a Camels Icgge is not fo holy as our Ladies Image ; Grant it : but they pretend Tradi-
tion and dcuotionnoleflethcntlicfe rand otherwife, there is as little warrant* forthat
iioufe and Image of our Ladie that they are true,as of the other.BIeiTed Virgin, whom
all generations call i^lejftd, and iuftly admire for that holinefle, which vith thankfuincs
toGodandCharitictoman, wee are to imitate; thatthefc ftones and blocks fhould
thus vfurpc thy name, and (in a worfe facrilege) diuine worfhip , yea more then thofc
holies of diuine inrtitution, which were fo tarre from conueyinga hojineffe by touch-
ing, that being themfelues touched by any vncleane thing, they recciued thence infe-
ction ofvncleanncfle. And if Chrift himfelfe fhould thus bee honoured , where in all
the Chriftian world arc fuch vowes, pilgrimages, and deuotions in his name, as here to
the fuppofed Ladie of Lorctto Pas if they would rather be Martani then Chrifitant in
their Religion. But who brought vs now to Loretto ? Nay, who can but in reading
the one thinkc of the other, both being frequented fo generally in pilgrimages , offe-
rings,and 1 know not what fuperftitions ? Only \n this is Loretto worfe, that it abufcth
more holy names of God and his Saints, to like vnholy holies. But of this fubicd that
Reuereud and learned Deane D. Sntcltjfs hath largely and learnedly written , both in
confutation of that impious pamphlet oiGtffords Calai/io-J urc/fmus, and plainely pa-
raleling the Mahumctans and Turkcs in very many points ofthcir Religions. To him
I refcrre the induftrious Reader. Yea the very Narration of the SaracenicallandTur-
kifh Rites by vs in this Booke, fhall be fufficicnt to them which know the Popifh , in
many things to difcerne and acknowledge the Kindred, and like hellifh defccnt of
both ; like Samffons Foxes, hauing their tailes knit together with fire-brards , which
both fill and emptie the world with their flames , howfoeuer their heads looke contra-
ric, one toward ChrtH, the other toward Mahemet. That which 1 fpeake of Pspifh,
I vnderftand of that which our Aduerfaries maintayne by authoritie (not fiom Scrip-
tures or the ancicntCounccls and Fathers, but) from the Popes pretended Supremacie
and vifiblc Monarchic as Head and Vice- God in the Church ; the Alcoran w hereof is
\ns'Decretals, Extravagants, CouftftortecoKjlitutwns , and fuch C<J«o»/ as ^ their hfly
Ghofl ftnt from Rome in a bexe , lately thundered at Trent hefidcs and againft the
Canonical! Scripture, which holy men of Cjodyfrtt di they vf ere moned hy the holy Ghoft.
But let vs back to Medina . On the other fide of the Citic are Tombes of the holy Ma-
humctans, eyibuhachdr, Ottoman, Omar, which 'Z?<4>'/^»zrfj' faith were buryed in tlic
fame Temple with Mahimet , and all vndcr the earth. A dayes iourney from Medina
is aftecpcmountaine, hauing no pafTage but one narrow path, which was made by
Hali : who fleeing from the purfuing Chrittians, and hauing no way of efcape , drew
out his fvvord, and diuidcd this mountaine , and fo faued his life. The Captaine at his
returne to "^ Cairo, is with a fumptuous feaff recciued of the Bafha, and prefentcd with
a garment of cloth of gold : he againe prefcnteth the Alcoran , out of the chcft to the
jB;j/;!'/Jtokiirc,andthcnitislaid vp againe. By this time your pilgrimage hath more
then wearied you.



Chap.



Chap.7«ASIA. The third Booke, zy^




Ch a p. VII.

of the SucceJJors o/M a h o m et , of their different Sects ^ and
of the differfing of that Religion through the
World. ' ■

,A H o M E T hauing with Word and Sword publi(hed his Alcoran ( as
you haue heard) his followers after his death fucceeding in his place,
exceeded him in tyraiinie. Eubocar, furnamed Ahdalla^ vnder-tooke
ih: defence of that faithlcfle Faith and Kingdome,and that (as his Pre-
deccflbr had done) partly by fiibtletic, partly by force. For when as
iJ[iAhumets Difciples had buried their new Religion withtheirold
Mafter, except a few of his kindred, hec applycd his wits to recall them ; and whereas
a H'llt. Mahomet s neareftkinfmanar.d fonncinlaw dif3greedfromhim,and wasper- iArab.Nob.ref,
fvvadcd by the lewes to profefle himfelfe a Prophec>with promife oftheir beft aide and
affiftance : Eubocar {pxShtiber) reconciled him, and (as their Arabian Chronicle w i: •
nefleth) conuerted many lafidels.and flue the gaine-faycrs. He raigned one yeaic,and . ,

three moncths, and thirteenedaycs. The next fucceflor v^o»?<?r (faith the fame Au-
thor; Z-fo t'termeth him Wow^rj ordained their prayers in the moncthRamazan, and b Leol.Z.
that the Alcoran fhouid be read through, which he caufed to be written out, and vni-
ted in one Booke : he conquered Egypt by IJamr his Captayne ; after that Damafco,
Icrulalem, Gaza, and a great part of Syria were fubdued. Hec raigned tenyeares,and
fixe moneths.<:Oi»?e»otOsirw;e«luccecded,and raigned twelueyeares rand after him c Odmen.itt
/J(i/<; and next to him his fonne Alhatem ; and then Moaui the great Conqueror, &c. Hali.^. ye.
Thefe fourc Eubocar,AotKar,0^rmeni\-\d Haliixc the foure great Doiftors of the Ma- -^'^'^f"' fiue
humetan Law : and CMahomet before his death prophefied that they fhouid fucceede [^"p^'ile j^g^
him, and oftheir worthincfle. Moxui 17.

But as yTZ-i/jffwr; had pretended the name of G'^^r/V/ to the dreamcs of Sergins^ind yeares.
other Apoftata's of the Chriftians andlcwes, difagrccing both with the truth and /a'<^. three
themfelues : fo it was not long,that this vntemferedmortar would held together thefe J^'"^ V'§'' ^ ■
buildings, For the<l Alcoran being (according to dibcrs Copies thereof,) read diucrfly, (^°d"4«'thc °
was caufe of different Sec'^s among them. Oz.ime», to preuent the danger hcrcofjcom- Prophet com-
manded that al the copies oftheir law fliould be brought and dcliuered into the hands manded not
oiZeidizwAAbditlla; who conferring their Copies, fliould make one Booke, and, to blame, but
where they diflented , fhouid reade according to the Copie oiCorats. Thus thefe two, ^° P"^^ ^^J[„^
according to the Kings Edi6t,to ftablifli an vniformitie in the reading of the Alcoran, tLgh wloted:
hauing out ofailthofe Copies framed one to beeauthcnticall, burned all others. Yet foi yceftall
Were they deceiued of their hopes, partly becaufe Halt, Ablt.ilih ,3nd lbcnrKUz.oii, haucrrercie,
woul ' not bring in their Bookes, of which that of //«// was the tame which Mahumet and they pu<
had left, and was after by the Icwcs altered, puttingout andin atthcirpleafure: and j'/^^*^^"^
partly, becaufethatBooke.whichtheyhadthuscuUedout of therefttoremaine O^- Nob.
nonicall, was lofl, and of thcfoure Copies which they had written thereof, by fire and
negligence all pcrifhed. Eletragig would haue vied the like policic after; but this e GBot.Een.
many.hcadcd Serpent, which could not in the fheli beekilkd, much kfle in his riper c^nffcallcth
growth could be reformed, : there fe-rs^j^-

Thofe fourc Do6f ors aforefaid .emulous of each other.intending their owne priuatc '^'f^.°'_^ °'^J'm^
ends, fovved the feeds then , whichfructifiem their venemous multiplication till this profcircdin A-
day = Hall 01 Allt was Author of the lect /w(f»7/^,v\hich was embraced of the Perfians, rabia and Sy-
Indians, and of many Arabians, and the Gf/^;«fj- of Africa. Ox.i}netic>):OdwenhcgTin ria; Arambdi,




equer)x.wghKx.hc\ct\./iletciiia, gcneiaj;ypoutni«g Jexand.ia and
Arabia and Africa. Thcte are holden as Saints in the Saraccne Kalendar, as f Scal'gcr j^flyria; end
tcftifieth, whohadoneinScmiarabikeandPerfian, wherein oueragainft the i-j. of oM tome are
December was written,/i&f^<?^r<; of r6(r//w*4 (fhec was the daughter oi tJi'iHhamend) Q^^^^f^^^, ,
Goihaue mercieonhtr. Aga^'inRihs 10. oi hnuix'ic,lhe death of AhBoI^r itjodh.iue £ scaU.T.'lA*

mtrcie



274 ^f^^^^ fuccejjors of Mahomet : of their different fiBsj^c, Chap .7.

mercie ex him :ind {oof the veR, Againftthc 16. of Ncuembcr, the heginring^thc
fafl Caphat : {0 they call the Chriftians : and on the 25. of December, the birth oflefus.
On the i-j .o{l3.n\xix\efthe htrth of Mofes : Whichlmcntion to fhew what honor they
afcribctothem, or rather that diflionour which in this confufion of light with darke-
ncfle, thcprincc of darkeneffe in the forme of an Angell of light, doth vnto them.
e8. Shifts From thefc foure in procefTe of time arofe other * threefcorc and eight le(5ls of namCj,
Sartac. befidcs other pedling fa(5tion$ of fmailer reckoning. Amongft the relt the Moral>ites

hauc beene famous ; lining for the molt part as Heremites.and profcfling a moral] Phi-
lofophie, with principles different from the Alcoran. One o( thefc not many yeares
fince,fhewing the name of Mahomet mh'ishiefk (there imprinted with -f^^«<j ^'■'*f,
or feme (iich like matter) raifcd vp a great number of Arabians in Afrike,and laid (>gc
to Tripolis: where being betrayed by one of his Captaincs , hisskinnewasfcntfor a
prefent to theGrand Signior. Thefe Morabites affirmc , that when Halt fought , hcc
killed a hundred thouland Chtiftians with one flrokc of hisfword , which was a hua-
dred cubits in leiigth.

The Cokini are a fedt ridiculous. One ofcheni fhewcd himfelfc riding in the Ceun«
tricofAlgicr, on a Reede, rained and bridled as a horfe ; much honored, for that on
this Horfc this Affc (had as he faid) rid a hundred leagues in one night, R. Mofes «^-
a at«)t.HebJ, gjftiu} »v.nuthoffwo{c&s of Mesres, the one cMcd Seperatifis , the othex futellU
ij:.7o.&l.'}. gents, OX f^nderftatjdtrs , both followed in their opinions bymanylcwcs. Thefe later
c.i8.c^z4. wercof opinion that nothing in the world commeth to pafle by chance or accident,
neither in generall nor particular, but all are difpcfed by the will and intent of God, as
well the fall of a leafc , as the death of a man , the leaft motion and ftirring of any man
or other creature ; which (feeme they neucr fo cafuail) can neither come to pafle foo-
ncr, later, or otherwife; forGod doth thus moue and effed them, to whofcabfoluce
V\ ill they referre all things in a fatall ncceflitie. The Seperatifls in a contraric extreme,
allow to man and bcalt a frcedome, and that God rewardeth all creatures according to
their merits or demerits : his prouidencc extending it felfe to the fall of the leaues , 10
the way ofihe Ants : and if one be borne defcdtiue, it is better for him, then if hee had
beenc perfect, and fo if any aduerfitie befall him ; for his reward (hall bee the f rcatct
in the world to come : yea the beaft which is flaughtered, and the Ants, Flea, or Loafc
fiiall notloofehis reward from the Creator: the Moufealfo which hath not finnetynd
is killed of the Cat fliall there be recompenfed , (Now beafls pray fur their fnulcs, and
Fleas and Lice pray vpon their bodies which hatched this bcaltly loufieDiuinitie.)
The Intelligent bcleeueth that it is cor.uenient that men bepunifl^iCd in this Ijfc.and for
eucrinhell, becau I'e the Creator >foa/J: the Scperatiflihinketh thacvniuH ; and that
whatfoeuerispunifhed in this life , (hall bee rewarded in the next, becaulefuchisthe
Cxeztoxs wifedome. Thus is the infinite and vnmeafurable will and rvijedome of the
Creator, meafurcd and defined according to the will and wifedome of nn ilfull wule(rc
, Godisaeo- ^^^' Neithermay webeleeuetheRabbine,whorccitingfiuedift'cringoplnionsco^-
>vorke^ineue- cerningthe ProuidcnceofGod; Firft, of the fp/Vwrr/, which exciudc it wholly :Sc-
ry woike, of condly, of ft/^r//?«/^,that it dcfcendeth not beneath the Moone :Thirdly , of the /»-
whom and in teUigons : Fourthly, of the SeperatsJIs : Fiftly, his owne.which he attnbuteth to the law
whom all q{- yt/^yjj^ jj^j j gyciy man hath free-will, and all good befalls him in rc\vard,all euill for
mouc and not punif^'i'^'it) and what meafurc any man meteth fhall bee meafiired to him againc : but
afparrownora forothcrcrcatures.bcafts, plants, and thciroperations , as of a Spider catching a Flic
bairefrom our and the like b, he attributeth with v^y/sf/^vntochancCjandnottodiuine Prouidencc,
head falkth which he appropriateth in things below vnto man : thefe opinions hcc afcribcth; that
with'oufd'lumc °* <iy^r!ftotU to lob, that of the Seperatifls to Bi/d^d , that of Ssphar to the Inteihgents,
Prouidencc. '^^^ of El if huz. is the fame with his owne : and then let himwithi;///)A<*j:.fac!ifice to
l^id.ZMcbde expiateit. But what doe the lewes in our way ? Thefe waies and fc«5^sof theMoores
Nat.oA'i.c.i. haue brought them hither: but let vs looke further. 1. Leo lib. 3. writeth, that one
c But two Elefaciii had written at large of the Mahumctan fe£ls : of which hee reckoneththrec-
ftwnsMahu- fcorcand twclue principall ( which agreeth with our former nunnber) eueryoneac-
roetan atchis counting his owne to bee good and true, in which a man may attainc faluation. And
iajr. yet Leo there addeth, that in this age there arc not found abowc two. « One is that of

Lejharii



C H A P.7« ASIA. The thifd Booh»



^75



Lf/httri; whichinallTurkie, Arabia, and A frica is embraced: the other /w<«»«/rf; cur-
rant in Pcrfia and Corofan (ofwhich in his proper place more.)So that by Leo's iudgc-
mcnt all which follow the rule Lc(J;ari pr HafJuir/:, are Catholike Mahumctans ; al-
though of thefe the fame Author affirmcs , that in Cairo and all Egypt are foure religi-
ons differcn: from each other, in Spiritual! or Ecclefiafticall ceremonies, and alfo con-
cerning their Ciuill and Canon Law ; all founded on the Mahumetan Scripture in
times part, by foure learned men, diuerfly conftruingthegenerall rules to fuch parti-
culars as feemed to them fitter for their followers ; who difagreeinginopinion,agree
in affedtion , and conuerfe together without hatred or vpbraiding each other. As for
thofe other fe(fh , it feemeth that they are for the moft part long fincevanifhcd: and
thofe differences which remaine, confiflratherindiuerfitieof rule, and order of pro-
fcflionjthen in differing Scds and Herefies ofReligion : except in fome few which yet
remaine. ofwhich * Leo thus rcportcth : Fourcfcore yearcs after ^Jiiaht^wet , one El-
hsfenibnti Abilhafen gaue certainc rules to his Difciples,contrarie to the Alcoran-prin-
ciples : but writ nothing. About a hundred yearcs after Elharit Ibntt Efed oiBflgiidid
writ a Booke vnto his Difciples condemned by the Calipha and Canonifts, But about
fourefcore ycares after that, another great Clarke reuiued the fame do6irinc , and had
many followers ; yet he and they were therefore condemned to death. But obtayning
to hauetriallofhis opinions by difputation , hee ouerthrewhis Aduerfarics, iheMa-
hometaue Lawyers : and the Ciltfa fauourcd the faid Scd, and erected Monafteries
for them. Their Sedl continued ti.l tJMalicfah, of the Nation of the Turkes, perfecu-
ted the fame. But twentic yearcs after it was againerenued , and one Elgaz^z^uli (a
learned man) writ fcuenbookes, reconciling thefeSeiftariesand the Lawyers toge-
ther : which reconciliation continued till the comming of the Tartars : andAfiaand
Afrike was full of thefe reformers of their law. In old time nonebut learned men might
be admitted Profeffors hereof: but within thelc lad hundreth yearcs cuery ignorant
Idiot profefleth it, faying that learning is not neccffarie, but •• the ^o/k .S'p/r/; doth re-
ueale to them, which hauc ckane hearts, the knowledge of the truth, Thefe contrarie
to the Alcoran fing loue-fongs and dances, with fomcphamafticall cxtafies ; affirming
themfelucs to be rauiflied of diuine loue. Thefe are great gluttons : they may not mar-
• fie, but are reputed Sodomites,
■ The fame our Author writeth of fomc which teach, that by good workcs, fafling,
and abflincnce , a man may attainc a Nature Angelicail , hauing his minde fo purified
that he cannot finnc, although he would. But he mult fitft pafTe through fiftie degrees
of Difciplinc : And although he finne before hee bee paft thefe fiftie degrees yet God
doth not impute it to him. Thefe obferuefirange and ineftimableFafts at the firfi: af-
ter, they liue in all pjcafures ofthe world. Their rule was written in foureVolum.es by
a learned and eloquent man, £/J«'6n7«<?r : and by Ihnul-fartA another Author, in ex-
a(fl and mof^ learned Verfe. That the Spheres, Elements, Planets, and Stai res, are one
God.znd that no Faith nor Law can be crroneous.becaufc that all men (in their minds)
intcndto worfhip thatv\hichisto beeworfhipped. And they belecuc that the know-
ledge of God is contayned in one man , who is called Elcorb , e!ei£^cd and partaker of
God, and in knowledge as God. There are other fortie men amongfithcm, called
Elautcd, that is ^ Dunces, becaufe oftheir leife knowledge. When the Elcorb or El.
ceth dyeth, his SuccelTor is chofen out of thefe : and into that vacant place of the for-
tie, they choofe one out of another number of feuentie. They haue a third inferiour
number cfa hundred threefcore and fiue (theirTitlel remember not ) out ofwhich
they choofe , when any of the threefcore and ten die. Their Law or Rule enioyneth
them to wanderthrough theWorld in mannerof Fooles, orof great Sinners,or ofthe
vilcftamongft men. And vnder this cloke many are mofl wickedmen, going naked
without hiding their fliame, and haue to deale with women in the open and common
flreetslike beafls. Of this bafe fort are many in Tunis, and farre more in Egypt , and
moft of all in Cairo. I my felfe (faith our Author) in Cairo in the f^reet called BainEl-
cafraim, fa w one of them with mine eyes take a beautiful! Dame comming out of the
Bathe,andlaied her downe in the middefi ofthe flreet, and carnally knew her, and
prefently when hee had left the woman , all the people ranne to touch her clothes,

becaufe



X.LfoJ.j,



a What diftc-
rence hcicin,
betweene ilic
Mahumetane
and cur Scpe-
mtift.



b Tronchi.



27<i Of the fuccefjors of Mahomet : of their different feHs,<(jrc, Chap .7.

•bccaufe a^toly man had touched them. And they faid, that this Saint fcemed to doe a
fmne, but that he did it not. Her husband knowing of it,reckoned it a rare fauour and
blcfliiigof God, andmade folemnefeafting, andgauealmesforihat csufe. But the
ludges which would haue puniflied hiin for the fame, were like to be flaine of the rude
multitude: who hue them in great reputation of fanditie, and cucry doV giue them
gifts and prcfcnts.

There arc another fortjthat may be termed Cabaliifts : whch faft flrangcly,noidoe
they eate the flefh of any Creature, but haue certainc meates ordayned and appointed
for euery hourc of the day and night, and eertainc particular prayers, according to the
dayts and inoncths numbring their faid prayers : and vfe rocarrie vponthem fomc
Iqoare things, painted with Charatflers and numbers. They affimiethat thegoodSpi-
rits appeare, and acquaint them w ith the affaires of the world. An excellent Dodtor
named Z^w«, framed their rule and prayers, and how to make their fquares randitfee-
meih tome (who haue fecne the worke)to be more Magic all then Cabalafticall. One
booke (lieweth their prayers and faftings: the fccond, their fquare; the third, the ver-
tae of the fourefcore and nine tecne names ofGod, which I faw in the hand ofa Vene-
tian lew at Rome. There is another rule in thcfc fc6ls, called 5«»<Jc^,of ccrtaine Here-
mites \\'hich hue in woods, and iolitarie places , feeding on nothing but hearbsand
wilde fruits, and none can particularly know their life , bccaufe of this foljtarincfle.
Thus fa rrc Leo.
i Jnlu>nram. 'Bem,i}nmTudele>-,fsi k\\ci\i of a Nation ncareto Mount Libanu%whichhe calleth
Hhafsifiin, Vih\cb varied from the ordinarie fort of Ifmaclites, and followed a peculiar
Prophet of their owne, w hofe word they obeyed , whether for life or for death. They
ci\kdh\m Hhe.ch et! Hhaf^ifsin :h\s abode was at Karmos. They were a terror to all
about them fawingafundercucntheKmgs if they tooke any. They warred with the
Francs (the Chrifiians w hich then held Icrufalem) and the King of Tripolis. Their Do-
. .fj.. minion extended eight dayesiourney. Z./cW/; mentioneth one « i^rf^/» which about
Sianc ' ' the 6:50. ycare of the //f^»M,faincdhimfelfc a Prophet fcnt of God vndcr which co-
lour hec gathered together a great Armic , wherewith hefillcdall Afja withflaughter
and fpoile, flaying ChriPians and ifmaclites without difference : till G.ath:ddift King
of Gunia, ouerthtewand deftroied him and his Hof^.

Bcfidcs the former, they haue other Heremitcsofanothcrfort: one is mentionedi
f Leo lib A hy Leo , f who had hue hundred horfe, a hundred thou(;ind (Kcepc , two hundred
beeues, and of offerings and almes betwixt fburc and fiue thoufand Ducatcs, his fame
great in Aha and Afrike, his Difciples many , and fiue hundred people dwelling wi^tU
him at his charges ; to v\'hom he enioyneth not penance , nor any thing : but giueth
them certainc n^>mes of God , andbiddeth them with the fame to pray vnto himfo
many times a day. When they haue learned this, they returnc home; hechatha hun-
dred Tents for ftrangers, his Cattcll, and Familie : he hath fbure Wiues, befides flaues,
and (by them) many Children fumptuoufly apparelled. His f:mc is fuch that the
KingofTeleulinisafraideof him : and hee payeth nothing to any: fuch vcn; ration
haue thev towards him, reputing him a Saint. Leo faith hee fpake with him, and
that this Heremite fhewed him Magick-bookcs : and hee thouglit that this his great
cllimation did come by fallc working of the true fctetice , fo the Heremite termed
Magick.

But thefe Heremites we cannot fo well reckon a Scft.as a religious Order ; of which
fortthere are diuers in thcfeMahumetane Nations .. as in our enfuing dilcourle fhall
appeare. To returnc therefore tothcconhderationof the meanesvledtoprcuentthc
varictie of Seds among them : The Caliphs fought toremedie theic inconucniences
1 Eot B » ^y their beftpolicie. S CMoAui about thcyeare of our Lord 770. afltmblcd a ge«
ncrallCounecllofthcirlearnedmentoconfult about an Vniformitie; but they difa-
greeing among thcmfelucs^ hee chofc iixe men of the molt learned , and (hut them vp
in a houfe together with their Scriptures, commanding them that out of thofe Copies
difagreeing (as you haue heard) they fliould choolethatfhouid feemcbelK Thefe
reduced the Dodrine oi Mahomet into fixe bookes ; forbidding ajiy on painc ofdeath
to fpcake or write othcivvilc of their Law. But becaufc the Arabians of fubtleand

piercing



Chap. 7- ASIA. Thethhd'Booke. iyf

piercing wic, which ftudicd Philofophic in the Vniucrfities ofBagdet, Marocco,
Cordoua, andothcrplaccs, coiildnot butfpie aiiddifcerne thcmadfoUy of thelaw, ,

fo palpable t-o any reafonableiudgcmcnt: it m was therefore ordayncd, thatthcPhi- m Fr.Rkbirdt
lofophie Lcdurcfiiould bee taken away, and in place thereof they fhould reade the wfij,
t/4/coraft; prouiding, for all thefc Students of their Law, their expcnfes out of the
publikc charge, and inhibiting all further ftudie in Philofophic.-infomuch that they
now (faith our Authour, who himfclfe was altudcntin that Vniuerfitie) repute him
notagoodSiraccn, who is addided to that liudic. This Frier ^«rWi/inentioneth
an other Prophet, named Solem, had in eftimation withthcfc Babylonians, which
was after flainc by the Tartars. Heeand CardinallC«/e/?«^afTirme, that the Saracens
of the Eaft differ in their Alcoran from thofe of the Weft , making the firf^ fiue chap-
ters but one ; and that they differ in the expofition thereof, and in the fame Schoolcs
or Vniucrfities, one Scd condemneth another.

But in thefe times the M^humctane Profefl'ors are chiefcly diftinguilTied by the fc"



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 56 of 181)