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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 57 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 57 of 181)
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uerall Nations; of which are foure principal] : the Arabians, Perfians, Turkes,
andTartars : to which weemayaddetheMognre, as a hft J whom the lefuites (in
their Epifilcs) report to halt frqm his former Mahunietifinc, and to incline to Gcn-
tilifme. Of all theCe. the Arabians are moft zealous in their fuperfiitionj the Per-
fians moft agree to Reafon and Nature; the Tartars are more Hcathcnifhai.dfimDlej
theTiirkcsarcthefieefl and moft Martiall. The Arabians account it their peculiar
glorie, that /J/ <^«wf/- was ofthat Nation, and that Mecca and Medina are there (ea-
ted : and therefore bauc laboured in the dayes of their former puiffance.by the fword,
flncc, by their traffique and preaching, ro fpread their Mahumetifmc through the
World. Their firrt Seducers had pofTeflcd Syria and PalefJina : Homar had added E-
gypt, and in a fhort time their SucctfTors had preuailcd in Afia, Afrike, and Europe, as ^

we " haue before fhewed. n Supx.i,

Theyhaucbcenefuch in Armcs ; and in diligence of Preaching they fiaucbecnc
as forward, and fo continue. Seucn hundred yeates f\nce,Perin}a/ reigning in Mala- igjtotutju
bar, ihcy there fowed their Tares : and the more cafily to take thofe Ethnikes in their
net, th-y tooke their Daughters in marriage; a matter of much confequencc, in re-
gard of their wealth , and praiSifed of them to this day. They were Authors of great
gaine vrto them by their trades , and traffiquc for fpiccrie : and were fuffered to inha-
bite, and plane Colonies amongflthcin. By theirmeanes , Calicut, of a fmall thing,
became a great and richCitic. hndiTerimal himfclfe waspcrucrted by them to their
faith : who,7,raloufly inclined to their perfwafions refolued to end his dayes at Mecca,
at.d put himfclfe on the voyage with fomc fliips of Pepper, and other things of price,
butperifhedby tempellinihe way. From Malabar they palTed tothe Maldiux, and
Zcilan, Somaira, laua, M ilucca, the Phiiippinaes, and in the Continent to Cainbaia,
Bengala, Siam, Malucca, lor, Pam, and the huge Kingdomc of China, preaching and
planting their fij! crflitions, as in the particular Hifiories of thefe Nations fhali fur-
ther appcare. They are in this lefpedt fo zealous , that eucn the Arabian Marriners
will ftay behinde in the Coumrics of the Ethnikes there to diuulge this their Scd :ahd
intheyeere 1555. one of them pierced as farte as l3pon,there to haue laicd this Lea-
uen: but the Portugalls in thelcEaflcrnc parts, treading in the fame flcps, by their
traffique and preachii.gs haue much hindered their proceedings. The Tartars , Per-
fians, and Turkes , reouire longer and feuerall dilcourfes in their due place ; and
firft wee will fpcake of them which are firft in this rankc, the greateft of all Mahume-
tane ftates, the Turkes.



3 b Chapo



of the Turkes ori^inall and their proceeding. C h a p .8.



a iir.iS.c.jo.



b fimlquifi
TeunLKicber

M.ft. Bddctnii
de Siodftnft eX'
fug.lib.\. men-
tion this opi
nion, ei^ ^ndi:
a lacuna.
c Lonicer. chr.
Turc,ti> \.Ub \.

I .c.vlt. I'lia.lih.

6cap.7.

e Laon.Chal-

coniyl.lib.x. Jo-

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t&c.

i l.Ieitnel.h!Jl.

Mifulin.

g P.H'i^ir.bifi.
rerfjib.i.




Chap. VIII.
of the Turkifh Nut ten : their Or'tgindl^ and Proceeslwgs.

Lthough fomemay tbinkc that Ihaucbcenefo tedious in the relation
of the Mahumctan opinions and fuperftitions , that, to fpcakeany
thing more , would fecmc but as powring water into a full Sea :Tet
becaufcthercisinthis World nothing certayne, bittvncertaimie, it
being diuincprcrogatiuc lohcc jeHerday , to day , the fame for eueri
and that this Saracenicall Religion hath fuftayned her chances and
changes according to the diuerfitie of times and places,r,herc it is and hath been pro-
ftfied : fo doe 1 hold it fit, as wee haue feene the foundation, to behold alfo the frames
and fabriques thereon buildcd , and from that Fountaine (or finck-hole rather) of fu-
perfiitinn , to leade you along the gutters and ftreames thence dcriued. And becaufc
the Turkes are rrceminent inalithofe thinges which this profcffionaccountcth emi-
nent , it is meetcft to giue them the firft place here , which elfcwhcrc take it : and af-
ter wc haue fct dovvne a briefeHifiorie of that Nation, and the proceedings of their
flate, to defcribe their theorie and opinions , and then their pradtife and rites of Reli-
gion. But before we come to the difcouerie of their Religion, it is not amiffc to fearch
the beginnipg and increafe of this Nation.

The name of Turkes fignifieth (faith C/)//r<««;) Sheepheards , or Hcard-men:and
fuch itfcemcth was their ancient profcfTion , asof the reft of the Scythians vnto this
day. 'Hjcefhorus » ( and before him 5t»»oc<«ff^ , from whom Niccfhorus borroweth
it) fpcaketh of the Turkes , and placeth them about Baflria: their chicfcCitiehee
calleihTargaft, which is fuppofed tobectheworke of ^/e.v<»»<^^r-. TheirRcligicn
bee fa;th at that time was to worfhip the Fire, Aire, Water, and Earth, whiciuhey
adorc,and fing Kymnes to. They acknowledge God the maker of Hcauen and Earth,
to whom they iacrifice , Horft, Kinc , and Slieepe : they haue Prierts which diuine of
things to come. ThcPtinceof Taugaft they called the i'onne of Cod : They worfhip
Images. The Prince fpendeth the night with fcuen hundreth women. The Tartars
haue now poffcflcd the fame Countrie ; but long before , the fame rites , as yon may
rcade in our Hiftorie of them. To derive them (as fome doe) from Trc ians and lewcs,
is fomwhatfarre'' fetched moris there much likelihood that they (houldreceiue their
name of Turca <^ a Perfian Citie : the name is ancient, and applied by *' A'fela and Plmie
to a Nation of the Scythians, and their originall is accounted Scythian by the « mofl
and befl Authors. Bem<iimmTndele»fis calleth them alway by the nzmeTogarma.
There are v\ hich bring a longGenealogiefrom NoahshiVe , vnto the OttomanYzm-
lie : herein difagreeing , while fome will haue UMagog , others Tubal the Author of
their Nation. Lemclavitis f recitcth and refuteih the fame. Hec wiiteth the name
i«y^/,alleaging Heredoius for his Author : and citethmany Authors to prone that they
dcfcendedof the V»KiOTf^i^£ri, which were called Turkes, of which there were two
forts, one weftcrly in Pannonia,an othereafterly neare Pei/ia , called by thePerfians
MagQTcs, he concludeth that the Vnni or lurchi came from (uthra or lucbria (whence
the name //i^cin might eafily bee dcfleftcd to tarchi) beyond Tanais; andfirlHfter
they hadforfakentheirowne Countrie, fetledthemfeluesneareMaotis, from whence
they paflcd to Chazaria, and fome went wellward to Panncnia, fome eaflward to Ar-
menia, and thence intoPcrfia.

Many probable A rguments might be brought, to prouc that they defccnded of the
Scythians.whofe wandering fhepheardly.]ire,both the name and their pra6tife (in old
times, and in fome places fill!) cxprcflcth. The firft Expedition and militaric employ-
ment which I haue read of the Turkes, ( except what the fcare ofthem compelled the
Perfians vnto, as iii their Hiftorie we {hall after fee) was B yxxAzxIJaramns a rebelli-
ous Perfian, aboue a thouf:nd yeares fince, when C«/rof/ was King of Perha, and
Cj^'f^?<r/?/;« the Roman Emperor: at what time many of them were flaine, and many
taken, which confefled, that famine had forced them to thofe warrcs , for which cauic
they marked themfelucs with a black Croffe; a ccremonie which they faidth-yhad
learned of the Chriftians, thinking thereby to cxpeli hunger. This hungric Nation

haih



C H A P .8. ASIA. The third 'Booke^ 279'



hath finccbccnea greedicand infjiiatedciiourcr of Nations. Another expedition of

theirs (which ibme reckon the firfi) S was in the yearc 755. or after an otlier account, j. iqicU.Tuic

844. at which time^paiTing through the Georgian Countries then called Ibeiia, they Hijl.

firft feized on a part ofthe greater Armenia, which their poftcritie holdeth at |his day,

called of'the^Turcomania. In this wide and fpacious Countric they romedvpand

downe, witnout cevtaine habitation, a long time with their families and heards of cat-
tcll, like the ancient Scythian 'iy_ow.T^<'.f, and the T<zr/rfrr, and the fame TuFebman Na-
tion atthis day. Theirlanguagealfo, z% Adfgtfcras in his Turkifli Grammar flieweth, H'-cfon.Miyfe-
hath great afTinitic, with the Tartarian, as alfo with thePerfian (ncarcvvhom," arid' rm iJng.Turt,
fometimes,asnowwiIlappeare, amongrt them, theyliued.) But from the Arabike ^"1''""'^'"^"
it diffeteth altogether. Yet in their holies they mofivfe the Arabikc byreafon of the ''^^''
Alcoran written in that language : likewifethey vfe the ArabrJcc letters and pricks.

When as the Saracens Empire grew now vnweldic , through her owne greatncffe,
and the Soldans, which were wont to conquer for the Cha]iph,beg3nne jiow to fliarc
with him m his la'^gc Dominion '.Ulfahowc (then Si\kan orSoIdanofPerfia)wasfor
this caufehardlybcfct with the Chaliph of Babylon; afTayledalfo on the other fide by
the Indians. Hee fought to flrcngthen himfeiteagainfl thefe enemies with the new
friendfliipof thefeTurkes, of whom hecobtayncd lor his aide three thoufandhardic
Souldiers, ^ yndepthe conduit of Ton;ra A4tic,:let^ the fonne oiAIilieil, a valiant Cap- h n'lP-Muful'm.
taine, and chiefe of the Stlzuccian Tribe or Familic, whom the Greeks commonly call lih.i.Theoeor.
J'afurrcl.pix, and (ome Se/dnc, or Sadoc. By the helpc of this Tangrolqux, (JlIahoMet ^''^^ ''^ ''"i*
the Perlian Sultan ouercame Pifafiru the Chalij^h. The Turkes, alter this warrc,dcri- '^'''"'^'^'"^^^
ring leaue to pafTe oucr the Riuer Araxis to their Countric-men, were both dcnicd,and deWi.riinJ
threatned , if they againefhouldfecke to depart. Whereupon they with-drcw them-
feluesintoiheDefartof Garauenttii ; liuing there, and thence making roads into.thc
Countries adioyning. (Ji'tahamet fent againft them twcntic thoufand men, which by
a fodaine furptizc in the night, Tangroltftx defeated,and furnifhed himfelfe with their
Ipojles. And now durft TaKgroUpix fhew his face in the field , where his Armie was
jncreafed by the rcfort of lawlcfTc pcrfons / feeking after fpoilc. UMtthomet on the
other Me, impatient of his loflc, put out the eyes ofthe Captaines, which had the lea-
ding of the Armie, and threatned to attire the Souldiers, that had fled, in womcns ap- ^>
parell; and rayl'ng an other great Armie, fet forward againft TangroHftx, who was
now fiftie thoufand flrong , and waiprcfently made ftrongcr by thofe threatned Soul-
diers, v.'ho f^ed from tlieir Lord vnto him. They met at 1 f jsahan (a Citie of Pcrfia) and
there ^-/<2^o»?fr falling with his horfe , brake his neck : vpon which mifchance both
armies comming to agreement, by common confent. proclaimed Tatigrolipix ' Sultan j r^ntrolip'/x
jnbisficad; and lo made him King of Perfia, and the Dominion thereunto pertay- firft Sultan aw-
ning, which was done >4»»o 10^0. mongft the

Tangrohpix opened the pafTagcs of Araxis to the refl of his Countric-men , whom Turkes,/<«.Do.
hee exalted to the higheft places of command, fo bridling the Perfians, and he and his '°5°-'°'"^ "."
receiuing in their new Conquefts the yoke of the A/.j&*y/?tff4«7<f/-^/o». Ambition in- anjfome
citing him to further exploits, he warred alfo vpon Pifafiri-s the Chaliph : and after di- rancmflx.
uers ouerthrowes, flue him, and fcifed on his ftate. He fent Cut In. Mnfes hisKinfman
againd the Aiabisns, by whom he was difcomfited : whereat aggrieued , hee went a-
gainfl them himfelfe, but with like fuccefTe, Hee fent «yifa>t his brothers fonne to iti-
uade Media, who in that entcrprifc was fiainc :hefcntagainc///z/'y^/>w? yf/r?^.'hisbro.
therwithanArmieof an hundred thoufand men, who tooke prifoncr Lif.vitesGo-
uernoiir of Jberia, (who came to aide the Em-erours Lieutenant in Media) whdrn
Tangrol:f!X frankcly fet free, and fent his EmbafTadour to the Empeiour , proudly de •
manding him to become his fubiedt.

Such haps, and fuch hopes had Tangro/ipix , thefirfl; Tutkc that cuer was honou-
red withaDiadcme. His fonne ^ andfiicccfl'our^.vrfwtooke P;o^^<'/;«theEmperour ^ j^mliesTui-
of Conffantinoplc prifonerin the field:But CutlH-Mufes with his Cofin Afe/ech (who kiftiHiftoiie.
in his Fathers daycs had fled into Arabia) rebelling, and taking armes againft him; as
^xan was readie to ioync battell with them , the Caliph ( who retayned the highefl
place fiill in their fuperltiiion , although difpoyled of his Tcmporalties) fetting

Bb J afide



28o



Oftht Turkes ori^hiall and their proceedings. C h a p .8.



I The memo-
rable Expedi-
tion of the
Chriftian
Princes into
the holy Land.
Hijinii belli
ftcii G. Tyr^.
and many o-
thcrs write ac
large of thcfc
Warrcs.



1 Daroafco be-
trayed to 5d/l3-
dmt.

m Terufalcm
loftsgaine,
Annt 11S7.



afidc al! hisPontificiall formalitie, whereby he was bound not to goc out of his owne
hou(e, thruft himfdfe bctwccnc thefe Armies : and with the reuerencc of his place and
pcrfon, together with hisperfwafions, moued thein to defift , and to ftand to his arbi-
trement : which was, that Axan the Sultan fhould ftill cnioy his Dominions entirely :
And that Cutlu-Mufes, and h;s fonncs aided by him, fhould inuade theConftantino-
politan Empire.and fhould be abjolute and only Lords of whatfoeuer they could gaine
thereof There was neucr any thing to that impietie more commodious, ncrtoour
Religion more dangerous. Forby thismeanes Cutlu-Mujesvi\\.\\ his fonnesinafhori
time conquered all Media, with a great pan of Armenia, Cappadocia, Pontus,and
Bithynia; which their defigncs were much fiirthered by treafons and diflenfions in
the Creekc Empire. y!xan the Sultan alfo gauc to his Kinfmen Ducat and LMeUch^
the goucrnement of Aleppo, and Damafco, with the adioynmg parts of Syria, by that
mcancs to incroach vpon the Egyptian Caliph , which accordingly they in a fliort
time did.

But thefe their haughtic attempts were flayed, and being now in the flower , were
cut fliorter by that fortunate Expedition ^ of the Chriftian Princes of the Weft, a-
greed vpon at the Councel) of Claremont, and performed by Gualter Ser.fauser ; Pc
fffr the Heremite,firft and principal] mouer hereof; (jodfrey Duke of Lorraine, with
bis two brethren EuJlAce and Buldwiti^oi the honorable houfe ofBuillon ; Hugh^ fur-
named the Great, brother to Philif the French King: Rnyn:cndznA Robert 'E3x\eioi
Flanders; .^o^fWof Normandiefonne to W'/Z/z-^wthcConquerour; Stephen deVa-
Ion Earle of Charticrs ; Ademar the Popes Legate ; Bohemuftd Prince ofTarentum,
and others, conducing as the moH receiued opinion is, three hundred thoufand SouU
diers,in defence of the Chriftian Faith againit the Turkes and Saracens, 'Ahich both
ouerthrew the Turkes in theleflerAfia, and rccouercd alfo the holy Land. The Prin-
cipalitie , or (as fome flile it) the Kingdome of Antioch was gincn by common con-
knt to Bohemund Prince of Tarentum; the Kingdome of Icrufalem, to Robert : who
(hearing of his Fathers death) rcfufcd it in hope of England; and Godfrey of Buillon
was fainted King.

The Turkes and Saracens fecking to recouer that which they had loft, loftalfo
themfelues ; a hundred thoufand of them being flainc in one battell : the like fiicceflc
had the Turkes after againft Cenrade the Emperour, at Meander : leaning for trophces
and triumphall arches to the Chriftians, hugeheapes, or hills rather, of their bones.
Hereunto helped the diffentions among the Turkcs,and diuifions of their ftate among
diners brethren. The Egyptians alfo paied tribute to the Chriftians : which Dargan the
Sultan detayning, he was by Almericus the King of Icrufalem ouerthrownc in battell.
Tioradme the Turke,King of Damafco.fent thither alfo Saracon to aide Sanar the Sul-
tan (before expulfed) to recouer his ft.te from this Dargan -. but hee hauino won cer-
taine townes kept them to himfelfc,fo that S4nar betoo'ke him to the patronage of ^/.
merictti, -who ouexthTew Saracon m battell, andafterbefieged and tookc Alexandria
and Pelufium, fecking alfo to conquer Egypt to himfelfcj butindccde (asthecucnt
proued) fo fubuertcd his owne ftate. For 5^»4r fought heipe o{ Saracon, 3nd for fcarc
of both their forces, A/mertcus left Egypt. Saracon , moued with ambition, treache-
roufly flue the Sultan, and by the Caliph was appointed Sultan , the firft of the Turkes
that euerenioyed the fame, to whom SaUime his Nephew fucceeded. He (not refpc-
(Sing the maieftie of the Caliph, as the Sultans before had done) ftruck out his b aines
withhishorfe-mans mace, and rooted out all his pofteritic; the better to afTurehim-
fclfc and his Turkifh fucceflors in the poflcflion of that kingdome,vnder whom it con.
tinucd to the time of the VLZvti3\vkc%ns{oradin alfo the Turke being dead , the Nobili-
tie difdaining the gouernmcntofA/Wfr^y^/,? bis fon (yet buta youth) brtraycd ' that
ftate vnto Satadme. And thus did he hem in the Kingdome of Icrufalem on both fides:
and not long z{tet,A/eppe was betraied vnchriftianly into his hands by a Traitor.w hich
gouerncd the fame for the Chriftians: Neither was it long, before hee had (through
difcord and treafon amongft the Chriftians) obtained >" Icrufalem iticlfc, Ak»o i 187.
and after Afcalon and Antioch alfo : Neither could the Chriftians ofthe Weft euer re-
couer the poflefHon of that Kingdome; the caufe continuing the fame, which before

bad



Chap. 8. ASIA. The third "Booke, r^



Zoi



had loft \t,viz,. diffention and trcacheric>as the examples oi Richard and Edvimrd(fi'c^
of thofe names) Kings of this Land doc flicw.

About 1 202. ycarcs after Chrift, the Tartars (of whom in their due place) hauing
conquered Eafr.WcftjNorth, and South, among others ouerthrevv that Togrian king-
domeoftheTurkesinPerfia, 17c. yeares before founded by T'»t;?^re///)/x. TheTurkes
which remained ( diiuen to fec-kc fhcltcr from this violent ftornie ) fled out of Perfia
into Alia the lelfe: where Cutli: Alufes his fucce (Tors (their Countrie-mcn) inioyed
fome part of the Countrie, And there many of them arriuing vnder the condutft of A~
ladm ihcfoimcof Kei Hafrete dcCccnded alfo of the Sclzuccian FamiliemPerfia, ta-
king the oportunitieofrercd by the difcord of the LatineswitluheCreckes, and the
Grcekes among themfelucs,feizcdvponCi!icia, with thc.Countries thereabout ;and
there firrtatSebaftia,and afterward at Iconium,crcdcd their new Kingdome,bc3ring " Hifi.Mnfuh
thcnamcofthcAladin* Kings or Sultans, mn>i. LeundaN^

The Tartars vnder the conduit oi Haalon , Tent by (^Plfaxga the Great Ch(t>tu\ '■^•»-
hauing conquered and ftarucd the Chaliph of Babylon (as is faid before) ouerthrew
theTurkifliKingdomeof Damafco.andrafcd » Aleppo; the ether arme of this fane a An.VM.oo.
andfarrc Iprcadmg Tree being furprized by the Mamalukcfliues, who after //.Wc»/
departure rccoueredSyria andPaIxftina,and wcreagaine withgreatflaughtcrdifpof-
feflcdof thefamcby <f.Tj|/3i»if/'' a Tartarian Prince, who repaired Icrufalcm andgnuc b Hilton, Af
itto the ChriftiansofArmenia, and other the Eaflcrne Countries, Bm Cajfa>tej rety- m«.
ring into Perfia to pacifie new broiles, the Sultan recouered the fame j the Chriflians
bfthc Weft neglecting the luft defence thereof, fpccially through the pride and con-
tention of Boniface the Pop^(contraric to his name)filling a great part of Europe with
fadion and quarrclls,

Th?Turkes in Afia paid tributeto the Tartar C/^^w, till (fucccfTioninthebloudof , ,

Jiladm failing) this Kingdome was diucrfly rent , eucry one catching fo inuch as his ^ ymUesTut'
might couldb<fto\v on his ambition. Thegreatcft of thefc fliarers was <= one C^r^- kifli Hiftorie.
rKa>t Alufritts , who tookc vnto himfclfe the Citic Iconiura , with all the Countrie of d Leuncl.hftor.
Cilicia, and fome part of the frontiers of Lycaonia, Pamphylia, Caria, and the greater ^^"[-''i ^■/'''•
Phrygia, as farre as Philadelphia ; all which was afier of him called Caramania. Next ^ i^l^'f^suL
ncighbor& fh?rertohim was J'trr//c^^»:ofwhc)m Ionia Jiiarit:mA\s called Sarachan. t^inJurc.
ill. The grcatcft part of Ly dia„with fome part of the greater Myfu,Troas,& Phrygia fel His pcdegrec
to Car,<;fMs,cikd of him Caraft-ilrSomc part of Pontus & the countrie ot Paphiagonia is thus rccko-
fell to the fons of Ow^r .whichcountrie is called Bolli.Thefe all were of the SeUucctAti ^^^' H'".?"^
familie But the foundation offar higher fortunes were then laid much lower by diuine tS'^^,.'.""
prouidcncc,cx3lting 0/rc/w^KoftheO^j^iWKtnbc or f3milie,who then held one only iaiobe',TcBa-
pooreLord(hip,calledSugu;a in Bythinia,not farre from OlympuSjgiuen before to his wur , ckrcsA-
father Erthogml in meed of good feruicc : which he increadngbyvvinningfomwhat g''}'^''k''^?,''>
from the weaker Chriflians his neighbors,afterwards creeled into a Kingdome which ^■^f""^^'': ^'ca-
jiathdeuouredfogrcata part of the world, as isthis day fubiei^Ho the Turkifli great- cufJhmn c4i'
nes. WhenastheTartPts chafed (as is faid) the Turkcs out oftheirPerfian kingdome, clpcs, Sokiinat:
which TWw^^'o/.pAr had thereeflablifhedionc^o/yTJ^it^aTurke (oftheO_^«^/« Tribe) Sorremal-x
raignedinMachan ^ oucr a imall Realmc, which for feare of thofe Tartars bee alio ommamohc
fotiooke, and with a thoufand of his people , Bed, and feated himfelfe in a part of Ar- ° ^ 1 1'^''^"'
menia about Erzcruni ; and after, vpcn fome better hopes, refolued to rcturneagainc fopiotably.
intoPcrfia, but iri*fceking to paffe the Riuer Euphrates, was drowned, andhisfoi- e Uon.clul'
lowers difperfcd fallowing theirancient trade ofvvandering heardf men, Heleftbc- cnndyUd'b,!.
hinde Iiim fourc Sonnes SencnrJTek^n, Iftni'o^du . Ertogrul the father oi Ottojnan^znd ^I'l'^hmZa- ^
Dundtr. The two eldert returned into Perfia, The two yongcft flayed, and with '"^gChiTni-
thern 40c. families, with their tents and carts,their moueable houfcs. And infinuating cleof thcfe
into the Sultan ylLidiHs ^aocl liking.by futcanddefert,this Ertogrul was rewarded, as Turl;cs tfgc-
yc haiie heard, being made Lor(VofSuguta,and Warden of thofe Marches: and liued thcrwuhthe •
there in fecuritie, till he was of great yeares, and had feen much alteration in that ftate. ^''" j'^' '"!?'
Me died Af^no 1 289. hauing liued ninetic three ycarcs.And him fucceedcd by common ^^l^^^ nlC ■
cont'cnt.asLord ouer the OgiifianTurkes,hislbnncOff(!i7^?<i»;,n-»Iuted therefore by the /;fc.i.SceP,i«-
name QiOfman 'Begjai Lord OfmM.Ue fiif^ >•' got into his fubie6ti«a a great part of the vi)is,}{^^olls,&c<,

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of the Turkip> Na tion and their proceedings. C h a p .8,



Caflks and Forts of the greater Phrygia; cquallyproteainghisiubicasbothOin-
ftians and Tuikes : he conquered Nice, the name whereof is rcucrend for the fitft Gc-
nerallCounccIlofChriftendoinc; and ^yiladin the fecond , Sultan of Iconium fcoc
vntohimafaireenfigne, a Sword and Robe, with ample Charters , that whatfoe-
iier heetooke from the Chriftians, fhould bee his owne:and that pubhkepraveis
lliould bee faid in their Temples for his health , which was of him humbly accepted
and fuch prayers made by ow1)firft4 , whom hce had appointed Rifliop and ludge ©f
Carachifar, y^«»(? i^oo. Neapolis was made his feat Royall. He fifhed fo well in the
troubled (kcameoftheGreekc Empire , thatheefubducd the mofl part of Phrygja
Myfia, and Bythinia ; and Prufa after a long ficge was yecldcd vnto his Sonne Orcha"
ties^ and made the Royall feate of the Ottomayi.Kings , .vherc Ottoman himfelfe was
buryed t 3 28. His Sonne Orchanes fuccceded : tAUdin his Brother contenting' him-
felfe with a priuate life, who after built two Mahumetan Churches, and anotherat
Prufa. Orchanes alfo crcfted in Nice a fumptuous Temple , appointuig a Preacher to
preach to the people ci'cry Friday.and two faire Abbics : in the oncof which, he with
his owne hands fcrucd the f^rangers and poore the firft dinner. Hce was the firft that
buildcd Abbies among the Turkes, followed herein by moft of his Succcflors. He cot
Nicomcdia, and the Townes adioyning. Hee alfo wannc all Charjfia , and at his re-
lurnc built a Church and Abbey at Prufa , placing therein Religious men , fought out
with all diligence. His fonne 5o/T»?rf«firft ofthe Turkes thatpofTc fTed any fcot^in Eu-
rope, croflcd the Hellefpont, and wannc the Caflle Zemcenic,and after that M^JittiT
receptacles for the Turkes, which came ouer in multitudes ; he tranfuorrmg ' hrifliaos
into Afia, to dwell in their roome. And after, s he wannc Gallipoli.fpoyljng the Couo-
trie, and winning from the Crcckes who were negligent in prcuenting or retr.cdying
this danger. But Solymati dying with a fall, his ofd father OrchanfsWued not two mo-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 57 of 181)