Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 58 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 58 of 181)
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neths after; a Prince very zealous in his fuperftition, who be/ dcs building diucrs
Churchf s, Abbies, Collcdgcs, and Cells, allowed Penfions to all liich as couTd in the
Church fay the booke ci Af. thorn, ts law by heart, and competent maintenance to the
I udges that they (hould not fell iuftice.

Jimurath which fucceeded, exceeded him in this blihde zeale. He kept in awe the
Turkifli Princes in Afia, and wan mnny Townes and Caflles in Thracia : and amongft
others, Adrianople the feate Royall of the Turkifh Kingdomc , vntiil Conftantinoplc
was after fubducd. This was done i J62. He ordayncd, that eucry fife Captiuc of the
Chrifliansabouefifteeneycares old, fTiould be taken vp fortheTuikifhKing , which
were diftributed among the Turkifh husband-men in Afia, to learr.c thcTurkifli Lan-
guage, Religion, and Manners ; and after two or three ycares, choice was made of the
better fort, to attend vpon the Princes perfon, and for his warres called lanizars,
that is, new Souldiers : which Order after grew to great account, and is yet a principal
pillar of the Turkifh greatnefTe. Hee ouerthrew Aladin the Caramanian Kin", whicK
made the other Princes of the Selzuccian Familie to fiibmit thcmfclues vnto liiin. And
bufying himfelfe in his new ConqucAs in Europe, after a great viaorieobtayiieda-
gzinA Laz.^ri<s,'2)eJpot of Scruia, as hee viewed the flaine catkafTes , was flame of a
wounded and halfe-dead Souldicr ; who, comming fiaggering as it were to begge his
life, fiabbcd this great Couquerour, with a dagger, hidden vndcr his ^ garments.

^rt;'<*s:,iff his fonne and fucccfTouropprcfrcthmoft of the Mahumetan Princes in A-
fia,inu3dethValachia,befiegethConfbntinopIe eight ycercs.oucrthrowcth the King
of Hungarie in bat^ell , fubducth the Caramanian Kingdome j and amidft his aipiring
fortLines,is by ' Tamfrlane dcpriued of his Kingdome and Iibcrtie,n-iut vp and carried
about in an yron Cage ; againlhhe barres whereof he beatout his braincs,y^a»o i -09.
Mahomet bis fonne ( after much warre with his brethren} wholly poflefTcth the Otto-
7»^«Kingdomc both in Europe and Afia, almoft quite oucrthrowne before by Tamer.
Utie. Hee tooke the Caramanian King , and his fonne Miiftafki prifoncrs : w ho be-
came his Vaflals, as did alfo the ValachianPrince;he died 1422. v4m/^^/)!7 his fucceflor
winnethThcfTalonica , thegreatefipartofe^tolia, inf rceth the Princes of Athens,
Phocis, and Bceotia , to become his Tributaries , opprefTeth the Mahumetan Princes
of Afia, fubdueth Servia, fpojleth Hungarie. He after retyrcd himfelfe to a Monafli.


q Anne 1358.

f La\.Sora)fKJ^
faith It (hould
be written Tn-
cU interprets,
who yet affif-
meth, th.1t Ta-
ffii'.r tanc, or
litig, fignifieth
Ume Tamuijiol
isahlftone of
out of Arabike
theceinto En-
glilh, contain-
ing a full, and
happily more
true Dilcourfe
of bis lite, dif-
fering much
from our com-
mon reports,
winch Vet.i'e
rond- icurtd.lQ-
vim in their
Miiiului, and
almoft all the

C H A P . 8. A S I A. The third Booke, 285

call life in a Monafteric, which yet the aftaircs of State forced him to leaucagaine.

« He inuadiiig £»/>■«?, at the ficgc of Croia died t ^^o. a Hi (Tori e of

OtUhomet was there faluted Saltan in the field, a man equally vncquall and trou- ^">»derb<:g.

blefomctothcChriftian and Mahumetan Princes. Hce wanne Conftantinopic the

twentieth of cJV/<?7 1453. the taking whereof, \shy Leonardas (,h:e>ifts, b declared b Lton. ch'ienf,

inaTreatifccompofedofthatvnhappicArgument,andlikewifeby Cardinall ' Ifido- ^nhicp MityL

rns Rmhintts. He wanne Trabczond.the Impcriallieat of another Chriftian Empire, decap corifia?!/.

,, , .,11-. / • I -T- 1 n -r^- \ c II ,,

■i Anm 1460. Hence he was called Emperor (a name not giuen to the Turkifli Kings ) j^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^'

HcburntAthens, s^wHi' 1452. HeobtainedEpirusandMyfi3,-,^«»<? 14,-6. and did Turc.hb.^
much harmeagainft the Soldan and Mamalukes. He conquered Euboea and Illyri- dBtra.'deBrei-
cum,intheycarc i474.ouerthrevvthePerrians; and inthclaltaftof his bloudielife denbachde cag.
he tookc (by Achmetes his Captaine) Otranto or Hydruntum in Italy, with no fnall ^J'^**"'.
terroiH- to all Italy. He was fir- named Great, and is faid to haue conquered two hun-
dred Cities, tvvcluc Kingdomcs,and two Empires : which he left to his fonne,
A'ino 148 1 . His brother Zemes was forced to flee into Italy, where a great fummc of
money " was yearely allowed the Pope to kecpe him for his owne fccuritie, and for e Forrie tfiou-
loueof his brother, whom ey4/ex-ander the Bifhop is reported f to poyfon, asfome fand Ducats compofuion withthc grand Seignior. Hee had fome warres againftthc yearely.
M3ma!ukes,fome againft the ChriHians,more vnnaturall againft his brother,but moft {^"'ho^^d^'
moft vnnaturall and monrtrous againft his fonne Selym. His conquefts were in Cili- jll„J^^'^'^ *
cia, Caramania, and Peloponncfus

Seijm,imt content to haue thrutt his father out of the Throne, afpired to a further
effcil ofafpiring ambition, dcpiiuing him of life, from whom himfelfe had receiucd
it. To this end he corrupted a lew ,Bai a zets Phy fitian (whom Knelles callcth Hamon;
bu ' A'lenatiiuozn eyc-witnefle, nameth him Fhamb't) who with the powlder of bea- g Mcmulnolib.
ten Diamonds poyfoned him; and for reward, when he claimed Selyms promife, had 5.f«;'*».rela-
hishead ftncken ofiin thcTyrantsprefence. So much did he hate the tray tour, whofc ^^^^f^ ^ ^'*^
trcafon he fo much loucd. The bodie ofB^iaz^et was cmbalmed,and interred at Con- ^'^^'
ftantinoplc, in a beautihill Sepulchre necre to the Mefchit which himfelfe had built,
and Prielts were appointed, which fliould cuery day pray for his foule.Two of his Pa-
ges did Selym put to death, for wearingblack and mourning apparell for their Mailers
death ; and three others (whereof Menaumo was one) hardly, by entrcatie of Selymi
daughters and fonie BalTaes, efcaped.

This Viper, that fpared not his father, proceeded with bloudie hands to make an
cndof thercrtofhis Orro/w.i«-kindred, beginning with fiuc fonnesof his brethren,
and adding the remnant, as hec could bringtheminto his power. And hauing thus
founded his throne m bloudie cruelties of his owne at home, no maruell if abroad his
proceedings were no IcfTc cruell and bloudie towards his enemies. Of whom.the firft
which offered himfelfe(aftcrhisdomeftical warres appeafedjwas Ipfiael the ^ Sophie; h Hemkui Pe^
who withthirticthoufandPerfianhorfemen gauebattaileto5f/>»» (notwithftanding ""'''' -y^"^"'
his three hundred thoufandTurkcs)vvhete was fought in Armenia, neereCoy,aterri- /''"'*• ""■'
ble and mortallbattailebetA'ixt them :cheTutkesatTaft (very hardly) preuailing, by
helpc of their great Ordinance : but fo little caufe had they to reioyce of their vidory,
that this is reckoned among the difmall and diftafirous day es, tearmed by the Turkes,
Theonlydayof Doome. The next ' yeare he cntrcdagaine into' the Perfian Confines, \AnnoVm.
and there tookeCiamaflumjOuerthrew A la denies the Mountaine King, whoraigned .1515.
in Taurus and Antitaurus, and flew him. But his moft fortunate attempts were againft
Camffoiigaurus, the Egyptian Soldan, and his forces of Mamalukcs, whom by his
multitudes (notwithftanding their fame and valour, not inferiour to any fouldicrs of
the World) he ouercame; the Soldan himfelfe being left dead in the place, y4»^a/?.7.

"i^enhexhzdTomumbeiH!^ his fucceflbr.anybetterfuccefTe.butfuccecdcd as well
in his fortune, as to his Scepter, who by rcafon of his owne, and power of his enemy,
loft both his life and Kingdome; all Egypt and Syria thereby accrewing to the Ono.
man. 5f/)7w from thenceforth purpofing to turne his forces from theSunne rifing 3-
gainft the Chriftians in the Weft, came to his owne Sunnc-fet, the period of his raigne



k Licet oft ia-
Uella qii:erit.

1 Ieb.8.44.

^ continuation oftU Turkijh wanes ji^c, C h a p . 9.

and life: amiferabledifeafc(asanangric Purruivam)cxafting and rcdcmandin" his
bloudie cruel) fpirit, an implacable officer of that nipftimpIScable Tyrant to Tyrints,
and Prince of Princes, Death, whoatlaftconqueredtlusConquerour; or rather (if
his ^ Epitaph written on his Tombe fay true) conueycd him hence to fcekc new Con-
quers. Hisdifeafe was a Canker in the backc (eatmg out a pa (Tagc for his Viperous
foule) which made him rot-e while he liued, and become a flinking burthen to him-
felfe and others. He <X\e6'\nSefteml>cr, ipo. hauing before bequeathed bloudfhed
and defolation to the Chridians, and ordained i'e/rw<z», his fonnc and hcirc, executor
of thathisheilifh Teftament: And further, to excite him thereunto, had left himthe
liuely counterfeit of himfelfe, with fundrie bloudie Precepts annexed : His title there-
in written, was, Sultati Sdym Othoman, Ktrig of Ki»gs, Lord of all Ltrdi^ Trwce
of allTrhjces, Sonne nndi^ef hew of (jod. VJ e mzy zdde, Heire /cpparant to the 1)1-
uell^ that breathed hit UH /» blond, refernbling him that tvas ' a Aiwthererfrom the bt-

i .Tee tlisHi-
floricac large
in Ha'4. tos^ &
litr.ob. fontantM
b 'M^ft Fumce
liii. 1. Mchh'or
Sanermde Leila

c D-iw. a Cijcs

Vuifii opjiug-

flotie, }{>:%

Chap. IX.

(^I Continuition of the Turhijh IVarres and affaires : together with

the f»ccej%on of the Ore At Turkes, till this frejerit

yetre i <5 1 i.

' OZ/w-JWifir-named the y^/^^i?/}?«»/-,fuccecdcd his father i'f^w in placr,
and furmounted him exceedingly in cxploy ts. Belgrade, (which omi-
nous name did prefagc happincffe vnto him in his Warres and Procee-
dings) was the beginning of his Conquefts, wonncbytheTurkes,
Align H z^, 1521. » Rhodes receucthhimon Chriftmasday, 1522,
but withall exilcth both Chcc c, Chriftmas, and Chriftians. He inua.
deth ^ Hungarie. and in the field difcomfiteth and killcth Le»es, and flayeth or capti-
ueth two hundred thoufand Hungarians in that Expedition,! 5 26. He cntreth Hunga-
rie the fecond time, t 5 ap. and (after fome butcheries therein) marcheth to Vienna in
Auftda, where he left fourcfcorc thoufand of his Turkcs,and then with fliamc and an-
ger returned. In the yeare 1552. he returncth with an Armic of fiuc hundred thou-
fand men ; to whom Charles che fift oppofed himfelfe, and the Chrillian forces , in
greater numbers then hath in many ages becnefccne, muftering in his Armie at Vien-
na two hundred and threefcoic thoufandmen, whereof fourcfcore and ten thoufand
foot-men,andthirtie thoufand horfe-mcn were old fouldiers, xo'ViVom Solyman did
not.ordurftnor, bidbattailc. Poore Hungarierues it mcanc while, whether he get-
tcth or lol'eth in Auflria, being made his through-fare as he went and came.

After this he tricth hjs fuccefle againft the Perfian, w here he taketh Tauris and Ba-
bylon, with the Countries of Aflyria and Mcdi3,y^;?»# 1 5 :«4. each of which had fome-
timcs becne Ladie ot the World, At incredible cofts he prepared a Fleet in the Red iea,
15:57. and taking Aden and Zibyth, twopettic Kingdomes in Arabia, byitisfoiccs
«^ beficgcdDium.aCaftleof thePortugalsin thcEalt Indies, but without his wifhed
fucccfic. ForthePortugals ftillretaine theirlndian SeasandTraffiquc.and notonely
freed that their Cafllefrom Turkifh bondage, but had mcancs to fortifie it better, by
the Ordinance which the Turkes, in their hafKcflight, had left behind. A more dan-
gerous plot did Solyman, meane-while, contriue againfl Chriftendonie, preparing his
forces to inuade haly, and to that end wascome to Aulona, anHauen in Macedonia,
with two hundred thoufand Souldiers, where BarbarHjfi and Lutzu 'B'^jfa. his great
Admiral!, met him with his Fleet, to tranlfiort his Armie, But Salyman hxi\ employed
thefc Sea-Forceson the coaft of Italy, and tooke Caftrum j his horfemen (which h<rc
had fent ouer in great Palcndars) carried away the People, Cattell and Sub(l3ncc,bc-
twixtBrunduhumand Farentum-fortie miles fpace,- all theCountrey of Otranto ter-
rified with feare of a greater tempefi. But the Venetian; turned it from thereft of Ita-
lic vpon themfelucs (notwiihftanding their league) by vnfcafouabk exadting of that


C H A P.p. ASIA. The third Boohi 285

Sca-courtefic, the vailing of the bonnets or top^failcsof fomc Turkifli Gallies vr)to

them, as Lordsof that Sea: for which negle«5t fomc of them were funkc.'' AnriazMoy d M^rewD'ch

the EmperoursAdmirall, had fiirprifed fomc ofthe Turkes ftraghng Fleer, and after »'«>afamous

held cruel! figMt with twelue great Gallies full of lanizaries andchoilemen.whomhe Sea-Captaine,

oucrthrcw and tookc.But the lanizarics that were left,caft their fcimitars ouer-boord,

Icrt fuch choice weapons fliould come to the Chriliians hands. Sc/jman conucrting

his Forces againfl the Venetians, for the indignities mentioned, had almoft fallen into

the hands of the Mountainc-Theeues, which lined in the Acroceraunian Hills : who

hi a ftrange rcfolution hadconfpired tokill him in his Tent, and hadalmoft(tothe

wonder ofthe world) in a night, by vnknowne waycs, fuddenly cffeftcd it, had not

the cracking ofa bough difcouered their Captame, who in a tree was taking view of

the Campc, how to bring to paflc his defperat defignes.This their Captaine,(by name

1>amia»»sjvi3s, after confcflion hereof, torne in pieces, andthofe wilde Monntai-

ncrs ( lining on robberie, without Law or Religion) were, like wilde beafts,hunted to


The Turkes inuaded Corfu, whence they carried fixteene thoufandcf the Iflan»
dcrscaptiues. They likewife, in their rcturne, committed great fpoyle in Zante, and
Cythera/ackedt^gina.Paros, and other .{lands in the Archipelago; bringing Naxos
vnder Tribute. Barbarujf4 fackcd Botrotus, a Venetian Citie : The like did Vflrif to
Obroatium, and theCaftleof Nadin. Naupliumailb, and Epidaurus werebeficged.
But f^?'«/w<«W (who had intituled himfelfc KingofHungarie, after Lirw^r his death)
receiued a greater difgrace in Hungaric by the Tuikifli forces, then befell the Veneti-
ans in all their loflcs ; Caz.z,ianer (the Generall of theChriftians) fhamefully fleeing,
and betraying his aflbciates to the Turkifh crueltie. The next yeare, 1 5 ;; 8 . 'Barharujft
chafcth the Chr ftian Fleet, in which the Emperours, Venetians, and the Popes forces

Intheycare i54i.5'«/)'»/<i»againeinuadeth Hungaric, profefling himfelfe Protc-
&QX ofthe yong King, which lohn, late King of Hungaric (who had held long warres
with Ferdinand about that Title) had Ictt behind him his heire and I'ucccfior. But vn»
der colour of protedion, he maketh himfelfc Lord of Buda, the chiefe Citie, turning
the Cathedrall Church into a Mefchit ; and maketh Hungaric aTurkifh Prouince,bc-
(iowingTranfyluania,andwhatheplcaft;d,onthe Orphan. Two ycares after he rc-
entreth Hungaiie,and takeih Strigonium : turningthc Chriftian Temples into Mahu-
mctan ; facrificing there for his vidtoric, ashchaddoncatBuda, Heentredalfo into
« Alba Regalis, (where the Hungarian Kings lye entombed) another chiefe Citie of e Jnan.Mtriii
that Kingdome, and flew the Magiftrates. I fpeakc not alj this while of the fpacious "' ^^'^* "i-"'^
Countries in Africa, which, from the RiucrMulvia, he added to his Dominions : the '
Kingdomes of Aigier, Tremifen,Tunes,Tripoli,&c. being annexed to his Turkifli So-
ueraigntie.Howbeit, Tunes, by aide of^/fe^r/e/thcEmperour, fomewhat rccouered
her felfc, but breathed out againe her laftgafpe of libcrtie, in the daycs ol Selym his
fonnc. And thus was ^ Solyman viitorious and happic, otherwhere victorious and vn- f So'ymanai
happic, when he was forced to darreine battaile againft his owne bowels, and hauing vnnaturall to
murthercd CMu^apha h\s cldcfi fonnc (the hopefullefl branch in TurkiflTcftimation
that euer grew out of the Ottoman ftocke) he warred againft ', another of his his^fTtheTfij-
fonnes ; whom, with foure of his children, he procured to be done to death in Perfia. iaxet.
And after much domefticall his feuenth Expedition into Hungarie(his fleet
in the liege of Malta being before, with great difgrace,repulfed) he died at the ficge of of the wars
Zigeth,thefnurthof5<fpf*>7j^fr I ^66. of Cyprus,fce

Selym^ the onely fonne which the bloudic father had Icftaliue, fucceededin the the relations
Throne,not in the prowcfle and valour of his father. Neither hath any T- rkifli Sultan, oi'NeUor Mar,
fince his daycs, led their Forces in perfon, but committed it to their Deputies and Ge- ""'"^"'"W^-'-
ncrals ; except once, when Mahomet the third had almoft loft his Armie and himfelfe, h'c)ur'grac'i-
Yet did this ^f/j-w, by his Baflacs, make himfelfe Lord of S Cyprus, and alfoof the ousSoueraion
Kingdome of Tunis. But this fweet meat was fourclyfawced by his exceeding loflc Kingiawfi
intheSea-fight hem\xt Haly Bajfa, Admirall ofthe Turkes, I> and D<>» M« of Au- hathwrittena
ftria, Generall ofthe Fleet, fet forth by the Pope, Spaniard, and Venetian, 1571. u°',"ji°

where in





J. continuation ^f the Turkish wanes /(yc, C n a p .9.

MichaeUb If-
fill.Com. Anno

1 Mmadois
warrcs betwixt
the Tuiksani
Perfians, tran-
flaccd by Abn-
ham Hurtwei
in nine books,
rclateth thclc
things at

wherein an hundred threcfcoce and one Gallics were taken, fortie fiinke orbmnt, and
of Galliots, and other fmallVefiels, were taken about threcfcore. The Tiitkifn Adini-
iall was then (laine. Wittily did a Turkc defcanr vpon this lolFc of thcTurkes, and
their gaine of Cyprus, comparing this to the fliauing ofa mans beard, 'which wouid
grow againe : thatj to theloffe of an arrae, which, once cut off, cannot be renewed.
Laltly, Tunes came in, and Seljf>n went out of this Turkifli Soucraigntic,both in siaaa-
ner together, 1574.

<s>^?w«r<«r/5,his hcirCjbegan hisEmpirc with the flaughtcrofbisfiue brethren. The
mother of Soljman (one ot that number) flew her felfe with a dagger, for angui& of
that lo(Te. He in viewing a new Galli .^by the breach ofa Peece.hardly cfcapcd death,
thirtie of his company being flaine. And becaufe the P'aguc was exceeding hot, bee
by deuotion fought to appeafc diuine anger : and therefore prohibited all vfe of Sodo-
iTiie, Blafphemie, and Polyg3mic,and himlclfe put out fiue hundred women out of his
SeVAiIe.ln a priua tc habit he vifitcd the Markets,and hanged vp the hoorders of conic.
He by the Tartars inuaded Polonia : And, Henry ofFrance fccrctly leauing that King-
dome of Poloniajhc wrote vnto them to clm(e5rfp/;f»5/?/f or for their King; in which
letters be called himfclTc^GadeftheE'irth^GoHcrneMyoftherf'ho/e IVerli, Ad'ffrtJger iff
G^cl, and f.tithfall /eruMt of the great Prerihct : which wrought fo much with the Nobi-
litic, that cither they would not, or durit not doe oihcrwiie^ howfoeuci (^iaximitijcn
hadbeene before by many of them chofen.

Tamtu ' the Perfian (at the fame time dying) bequeathed his Crowne to J/h/ae/hii
fonne, whom v^/Wf'-f, his brother, feekcth to dcpriue, but is therefore himfclfe tlcpri-
ued of that ambitious head, which he fought to adorne with the Crowne ; and Ifwttel
adding the flaughter of eight his yonger brethren afcendcth the Throne, which, toge-
ther with his life, he loft, by likevnnaturall treachcric oi Periaconcona his fitter, the
foure and twentieth of Nouember, 1 5 77.

cJ^<«/Eio»»(rr his brother fuccecdcd in this troublefomc State, which tt/tmuratij the
Turkc (in thefe troubled waters) thought fittimeforhimfelfcto fiHi for. Hereunto
alfo helped the hatred and ciuill broyles in Perfia, for the head of Periacorxena, prc-
fcntedtoyJ-/?i(?>wi?/,withthehairedi(licuellcdona [ aunce,and for other vrcouih and
bloudic fpe6tacles ; Saham.d, and Lciicnt Ogli (two Georgian Lords) fccking aifo ja-
nrjuations. e/f?««r;jri therefore, in the ycarc 1578. km Afaflapha Bajfa, whirhhad
lately conquered Cyprus, with an Arme of an clcuen hundred thoufand, into Perfia:
who, in the firft battailc he had with them, flew fine thoufand, and tookc threcthou-
fand Pcifians: and to ftnke that Nation with tcrrour, cou'manded a bulwarkc to bee
framed of thofe heads: anexccedingtcmpcft, which laftedfourc dayes toge-
ther (whereby the Heauens feemed to melt themfclues in tcarcs for the Pcrfians lofic,
and with Lightnings to fhew that indignation againfl the Turkes,whicli. in their thun-
dcring Dialed they aloudvttercd) thcrcgrew iuch horror to their minds from abouc,
and fuch ficknclfc to their bodies, from thole putrified carknlTcs beneath, that /'«-
/?.zpfe^ was forced to remoue , milfing fortie thoufand of his fiift mufters. Aftcrhe
bad fortified the Armenian Caftle of Teflis , his Armie being driuen tc fliift s for I3 ck of
Vid^uals, ten thoufand ot his foragers wercllaine by thePerfians. who were recom-
penced witli like ilaughter by Alufinfh.i, that came vpon them whiles they were bufie
about the fpoylc, and ijsoyled the fpoylers. Inpalfsng ouerthcRiuerCanac, hecloft
fburefcore thoufand Turkes, which the Riuer feemed to take for Cuftome (asithid
many of the Perfians in the late conflidt) whereof his violent current was a greedy and
crutUexad'for. cJ5f«7?,;!/)6iiercdeda Fortreffe in Eres, and tooke Sumachia,chieic
Citie of Siruan (Detbent offering her felfe to the Turkc) and then returning into Na-
tolia. "StMEmirHantfe Mtrtfe, the Perfian Prince,recouered, after his dcparture,both
Eres and Sumachia, flew andcaptiuedthe Tartars, thirtic thoufand of whom were
newly come to the Turkes aide. He rafed Sumachia euen with the ground. The next
yeare Alu^apha fortified Chars in three andtwentie dayes, wherein they were hinde-
red with Snowei on the fiue and twentieth of ^«^«/?, although it flandeth in fortie
foure Degrees, ^nne 1580. Si»4» Bajfa was chofen Generall for the Perfian Warrc;
who, as he departed from Teflis, loft fcucn thoufand of his people, bcfidcs fuch as the


Chap.9« ASIA. The third Bwkec 2 87

Georgians and Peifians, together with the Tpoyle, carried away. This was earnctt,the
reft was but fportfull (hewes of warre, in trayning his fouldiers ; atter which he retur-
ned. In 1585,^*''^^ ^''jtT'wasl'cntGenerall: butiittIewasdone,tiliO/w^»'Z^i/7;?, a
new Gencrall, 1 585. tooke TauriSjthe ancient Ecbatana (as Almadai is of opinion.)
ButthcPerfianPrince, carried with indignation, reuengedthij Ipfle on the Turkes
with his ownc hands, flaying Caraetnit Bajfa, Generall in thepiace< f 0/?«.s«, then
ficke,andgauehishead ( 3s opimafpolia ) to oneof his followers: and afterwards an
Sancazanflcwtwentie thoufand Turkes. 0/»2<«« died of ficknefle ; and the Perf^an
Prince (the Morning- ftarre of that Eafterne State) was foone after murthcred. In ihac
difmall yeare i j88. F<ry<«/ tooke Genge : fifteenc thoufand houfes^feuen Temples, and
fiue and twentic great Innes were burned in Conftantinople, the tumultuous laniza-
ries not fuffering the fire to be quenched. An Import was leuied ot tlic fubieits, to
fatisfiethepay due to the fouidiours for thePcrfian warre, which raifedthi fcftirrcs.
Yea, the Priells diflwaded the people from thofe new payments, and perfwadcd ilicm
to maintaine their ancient Liberties fhut vp their Mcfchits,intermittcd their Orifcns :
and the Great Turkc was forced to call in his Mandats, and deliuer the authors ofthac

counfell(whcreofthe Beglerbcg ofGricia was one)to the lanizarics furie,vvho made . -r t,- >

Tennis-balls of their heads. In 1592. Wihit7,,chiefeCitieol Croatia, wasyeelded to ;„,,^°,fo„a'sM

the Turkc.Thc next yeare Sifrg was befieged,butrelieued by the Chriiiiaijs, who flew Bmeb^rn her '

cighteene thoufand Turkes.and tooke their Tents ; yet was it foone after taken by the Maitfties Em-

rcne^xd forces of the Turkes. i'?»<«» tooke Vefprinium in Hungarie and Palotta, but batfador : and

their lofic was farre greater then their gaines ; which continuing, and a broyle of the '' r"u "f I'""*

lanizaries added thereto, brought ^ Amurath into mejancholie and (lckne(re,w here- Hak-io z.f.vt.f.

of hedied,thecighteenthof/(?««.i>7,T^9^,Tranfyluania,Valachia, and Moldauia, There alio,

hauing before rcuolied from him to 5/f//»«»W, who was entitled their Prince. This P-'^-JJj-you

tAmwcthmz letter to Queenc EUx^abeth, entitulcth himfelfe, Bythemercisof God T''U'^^,'''^°i^

fee from aU [inne ,ys>ith dlhcight of grace made pejfejfour of great bltff(dneffe aboue the \^^^ rcuenues'

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 58 of 181)