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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 59 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 59 of 181)
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72 . L.nrfj- of the world. payments, for'

cJlf^W/f/hisfonnefucceeded; whoinuiting his ninetecne brethren to a Feaft, ces&c.Alfo

fcnt them to learne his fathers death in the other world, accompanied thither with ten 'he Letters of

oi Anwraths women, from whom iflue was feared, which with drowning them hec j^^P.'^^'"^!

:»reuentcd. Much adoe he had with his lanizaries at home, much loffe in his Domini- Qu^. jne and

ons abroad, for which caulc he fcnt forF^r^r "Baffa out of Hungane, and {Irangled ofcheSultan-

him, and kntStnan^ his emulous corriuall, in hisroonie, whom the Tranfyluanian neflc,andof

Prince ouerthrew in battailc,and after chafedhim ouer a Bridge.which he made a mile s,/m^, B;(/j,and

in length for his Armie to pafleoucr Danubius, with great loflc of his people. His "^^''y^'' "

\ \ r I III I 1 I • r L I r n' things woiiny

Bridge the fire and water diuided betwixt them ; and the conceit 01 this ill iuccefle obkriKition.

(as was thought) procured his death foene after. In the yeare ijpy. AUikomet \'c\)S\s ThatTrade

ownepcrfonenterprifcdthefe wanes, and not farre from Agria, on the fixceenth of intoTuikic,

Oi^o^fr, fought a cruellbattailewith the Chriftians, wherein (had not Couetoufnefle, |ti'-n l^egtin,

rightly called fif roof »f<3//f«»Zf, hindered) had bceneatchieued the moft glorious vi- ^j'l, '^,''en"'^"'4

ilorieagainft thofe Barbarians, that euerChrirtcndome was blefied with. Mahamet ^y thcKings

'himfelfe for feare,reeing his Ordinancc(an hundred fourcfer re and ten great Pecces) Maicftic that

taken, and his men flaine in multitudes, fled with /^r.j/j'fw£.i//./ towards Agria, fhcd- "owis.

dinetearesbytheway, which hec wiped off his bloudieface withapeeceof grecne \ Mabvmtts

^■„° r r J 1 •' r r,, , • 1 • 1. u I T D Annie was re-

Silkcjfuppofedtobeapeeccof cJK^fc'owfr^garment, earned with him as a tioly Ke- ,,oitcdtobe

liquc. But whiles the Chriftians were now halfe Conquerours by grcedie turning to i^xt hundicd

thefpoile, their viftorie was wholly !oft, and twentie thoufand of rhcmflaine, v\ho ihouland, fauh

hadflaine thieefcorethoufandTurkes. Mafter'Z?«rro«theEng!ifhEmbafiadour,was M-^p''g "^'id

prefent in the fight and Mafler Thomas giouernKo^ who in a laigc iournail ot this Ex- ^ff^"J"{*'

pedition, tcflifieth that the Great Turke was in great fcarc; but being animated by anddanccious

feme about him, he tooke his bow and arrowes and flew three Chriliians .thcicwicb. rebellion m

Thofe former reports hementioneth not.Not long after, the BaffaofBuda wastaken, Tinkie by c«-

andtheBaflaof Bofna,wuh!omethoufands of Turkes flaine, Amw 1599, Yet did ^'''"^^^t^^^"'*

not all his loffcs in the Wefl by the Chriftians vexe the Great Stiitan fo much, as a re- Sc"%''»^Tm -

belhon '" raifed in the Baft, which many ycares continued. Cftfabta BaJfa ot Cara- tiih Hiftorie. '

mania



28S



A contimationofthe TurhJ^rvarreSj^c. C h a p.9.



n TdtiTU re CO"
uercd by the
Pcdians.



oOfthedifpo-
fitionofthis
AlahDmct, his
^eiuelties, for-
ccs,power,go-
ueinment, Kc.
fee Soratifi) his
OttomahriKs-



p Achmat the

prefcutSul-

tan.



manta rofcinarmcsagainfthis Maftcr, and hauing now done great matters, his foul-
diers before falie to their Prince, became now alio falfe to him: he fleeing, was after
taken and tortured to death. His rebellion out-Iiued him, and was maintained by one,
called the Scriuano, who ouerthrew Mehemet Bajf.i in the field, and the fccond time,
intheyearc 1601. ouerthrew him with his Armie of fiftiethoufand, and foraged all
the Countrey almoft as farre as Aleppo, proclaiming hitnfclfe the defender of the Ma-
huqietan faith^ and foone after gaue the Bafla a third ouerthrow. The Turkes Embaf-
fadour,fent into Perfia to demand the Sophies fonne inhoftage, for afluranceof the
peace betwccncthofe two Monarchs , was for his proud meflage put to the Baftina-
do, & grieuoufly threatened, fent backe to the Grand Signior. The Scriuano's procee-
dings were much furthered by the diflentions bctwcene the Janizaries of Aleppo and
Damafco : but death ftayed him, not his rebellion,vvhich a yonger brother of his pro-
fecuted, againdwhom H^jfan Aoj/^i was fcnt, but loft himfelfe and his Armie. The
Rebels bcficgedAngole, and forced them to giue two hundred thoufand duckats to
buy their peace. M'.ane while the ianizaties, after their infolcnt manner, in a mutinic
forced yl<frf/;o»j<rao commit the Capi-Aga, one of his greatcft Officers, and fome o-
thers, to whom thefucceficof thefe Rebels was imputed, to their crucll execution.
TheRebelsfackcdBurze, oneof the chiefe Cities, the Turkes Store-houfc for his
warrcs, and Treafurie for his rcucnues ; and the great Shaugh ot Perlia had taken Cor,
berie alfo from the Turkes. The Gouernour of Babylon inclined now alfo to the Re-
bels. Mahomtt, not able with force to preuailc, by faire meancs fought to winnc
them, and gaue them their demands, making ZtUlie one of their Chiefctaines, Bafla
of Bofiia. Whereupon his mcnof warre entered into arcfolution, to drpriue him of
theState, and to inucft therewith Mahomet his eldeft fonne: about which an AUrolo-
gian being confulted, promifed all happie fucceflc: (vnhappiefoole,that knew not
hisowneapprochingruine. which U^^^ow^r executed on him, together with yong
XJMahomet the Prince, and fiftie other confpirators)

He fet forth a Fleet of Gallies agamft the King of Feflc; which, hauing encountred
with a tempeft, was forced with great lofle to retire to their former Port: The chitfc
Rcbell making fhew he would tome into Europe, as Zf//<«//tf had Aom^Mihomei font
certainc Gallies toreceiuc him, but he receiucdthcm^andpoflcffing himfelfe of the
Gallies, flew the men, and mocked theSultan. HaffliKtgrcu Bafla, ioyned himftlfe
alfo vnto them, about fuch time as Tauris " was againe recoucrcd by the Pcrfian. All
thefe difafters draue Mabometio his deuotions for refuge, accounting thcfc crofles to
be infii(£led for his finnes,and therefore appointed publike Prayers in all the Mofques
of his dominion, and fent two Priefls bare-headed and bare footed to McccajOn pil-
grimage to pray for him. Butthat Mahomet cnhiihidno czTCswheive thi^, orelfe
was fofarre entreatcd,as to be better acquainted withihisgreaiSukan in the place of
his ecernallrefidence, whither (about the ycare 159^,) Mukemtti.ht'TuxVt ° was by
death foone after fent. His fonne ^c/)w<iffucceeded; for hiseldclKvas ftrangled in
his fight.Hc was buried in a faire Chappell, by himl'elfe, for that purpofe built about
fiftie footefquarc, with foure Turrets or Steeples s in the middeft is his Sepulchre, in a
great Coffin of white Marble: his Turbant at his head, two exceeding great candles
of white Waxe,ftanding (but neuer burning) the one at his head, the other at his feet.
Theflooreiscouered With Mattes, and faire Carpets on them. Rount about are like
Tonibes for his wiues and children.but not (o great and faire. Diuers fuch Chappels
there are necre to the Temple of>S'o/>W, as of his father is^iwj<r<ij^, with his fiue and
fortie children, entombed about him,and ofthe other great Sultans, two 5f /yw/.Sfl^-
W4«,S4/<?t(fr, /I'/^i/fctfWff, each hauing a faire Hofpitall forthereliefcof the poore ad-
ioyning. Some ofthe great Bafl'aes imitate the fame. No other Turkes are buried in
the Cities, but in the fields, with ftones hid ouer.cr fet vpright, fafiiioned with fome
refemblanceof thehcad, whichbearethenfigne of hisdignitie, and whether it bee a
man or woman, with letters engrauenfurthertoteftifie the fame.

«y4chmat p fet a fure guard about his brother, and to preuent the infolencic of the
lanizaries and fouldiersjdiftributedamongft them two millions and ahalfe, and be-
ing iiftccneycarcs old, was crowned Empcrour. He isfaidin behAuiourandrefem-

blauce



Chap. p. ASIA* The third Booke, aSp

blance much to refcmble L^fahomet the Great, firft Conquerourof Conftantino-
pic. At the fame time the wanes in Tianfyluania had procured fiich famine, that
roorcs, herbes, leaucs of trees were their food : yea, a mother is faid to haiie brought
backe into her vvombe (by vnnaturallmeanes facisfying Nature) her fixe children :
two men to cate their mother : others to cut downe malefaClors from thegallowes,
and eatc them, Horles,Dogges, Cats, andfuchlikc wereraritiestothepoorc,and
dainties beyond their reach. And if the State can be made vvorfe, theeues by rob-
beries , and Souldiers by coiuinuall fpoylcs , in taking away their goods, adds
to their miferies. CicaU 'Baffa is fent againR the Afian Rebels, and receiucth an ouer-
throw : the fccond time he reneweth his forces, with renewing his fortunes, name-
ly, the lode ofthutiethoufand of his men. The Perfian recouered the countrey of
Sirvan, andthe Citiccf Aruft3,with thecountrie thereabouts, and all that froin the
daycs of Solyryian had bccne taken from them, except two or three places. HaJftnBaf^
/* islentagaindtheChriHiansin Hungarie, afTiited with the Tartars, alvvayes rea-
die to helpc the Turkes, both becaufc they arc linked in marriages, like in conditions,
and that huge Empire, for want ofheires male of the Ottonsans, is entailed to the Tar-
tar Cham: pay and fpoileareno fmallmotiucs alfo to fetch them into thcfc Expedi-
tions. CtcaU Bajfa is fent againft the Perlians, but defeated with all his power by the
Perfian.

In Hungarie they doe more with their money, to maintaine rebellions, then with
open force. Iiitheyearc 1605. a tumult arofe among the lanizariesin Conftantino-
ple, and fine hundred flioppes and ware-houfcs, with two hundred Icwes, and other
perfons to whom they belonged, were burnt: the lanizaries enriched themfclucs
with the fpoiie. Hungarie is at once vexed withforren and ciuillwarrcs: the muti-
nous Chrifiians doing more harme then the Turkes, and thepcopleflee into Polonia^
or the Mountaincs, for refuge. The Rebels take great To wnes, yea they fpoyle Stiria
and Auftria. The German name growes odious to theHungarian. 'Botfcay, chiefc of
the Rebels, is affitled by the Turkes, and called Prince of Tranfyluania; all Hungarie
in manner following his enlignes. But the Rebels inAfiajand the Perfian exployts
detained the Turkes from making vfe of thefc occafions, elfc likely to haue fwallo w-
ed Hungarie and Auftria both: yet Pefth was before taken by them, andnowStri-
gonium. CicaUBaffa is againeouerthrowne by the Perfian, and with three hundred
flidthto Adena. ThcBaflaof Trebezondis fent tofuccour him, but is difcomfited,
andalmoft all his armie flainc. ^Achmat enraged, caufeth C/£-<i/rf Baj[aes\\o\x{zzt
Conftantinopie, full of wealth and treafure, to be rifled. Adena is yeelded to the Per-
fian. The Baflaes of Damafco and Aleppo had before fallen out, and taken armes.Da-
mafco had ouerthrowne* Aleppo in the field, belieged him, and forced him to com- a Ciuill warras
pofition. Now againe, Aleppo ouerthroweth him, and the Baflaes of Tripolisand betwcencthe
Gazara his companions, with their armie of thrcefcorethoufand nicn;tooke Tripo- f*'^,^'^*°jn'
liS} theBafla whereof heagaineouerthrew,andaddedtohis garlands Damafco, the nvfc*^^"
trcafurie ofthe Turkes rcLicnuc, and chiefeCitic of Syria. The Bcglerbeg ofNatolia
fent his Liefc-tenant with a great armie againfl him, butto their owncruine. He in-
tercepted a iliippe laden with the tributes of Egypt. The Perfian fent him, in token
ofloue,aprefcnt worth fftie thoufand crownes. Achmat is hereby forced to peace
with the Chriflians, and to recall his forces out of Hungarie for this employment. y4«.
Tioi6c6. The Emperouryeeldethfatisfadtionto the Difcontentsin Hungarie, with
free vfe of Religion to all, and Tranfyluania to remaine to Botjcay and his hcires male
foreucr.

A fire at Conftantinopie kindled in a lewes houfe by thcTartars, burnt many hou-
fes and Iewes,and foure millions of goods, ^chmat'm great magnificence went to his
Mofchee, to render thankes toCMahomet for a peace concluded with the Emperour.
Hce now looketh Eaft ward with his power, andas MafterH<r»r/f L<r//o (in his letter
from Conftantinopie, dated ax^pn// 2. 1606. ) teftifieth of him, hee wouldneedesac
firft bee a fouldiour, but the laft winter hauing felt the cold windes from the toppes
of thehillcsinBurfia,which arealltheyeare long couered with fnow, andreceiuinc
fome hurt in his ftemack by drinking thofc cold waters,he proued ftomack- lick to his

C < expedition



29©



ji Continuation of the Turkiflj Wanes ^(ts-c. C ii a p . 9



a A.lMfony
,M. CaMclg.

b M.GaHobeIg,
G.AnhHt,



expedition alfo, andgiuing oucr his enterprife againfl: the Rebels, is become one
of Venus Knights , therein fnrmounting h.s Grand-father CMurad or aylmuraih.
.An. 1607. he fcnt the Vifier Bafla with an hundred and thirtie thoufand againH the re-
bels, who prcuaileth more by difcrcet appealing of (hem, then by force. The Baflaof
A'eppo three times withftood hi; whole forces; the foiinh time flccth towardsPerfia
with his treafure.Alcppo is left to be taken, and ihc Garrifon pnt to the fword; But the
Baffa himfelfc ob.aincd pardon, with reHitution of his goods taken from him in Syria.
Another fire arofe atConf!antinople,3nd confumcd two millions ofgoods.TheDukc
of Florence doth much harme to the Turkes by the fi a, i(5«8. The rebels make new
commotions in Afia, Afatthixs the Arch-Duke ftandcth out with his forces againtt the
Emperour, and commeth with his armie toward Pr ige.obtaineth the crowne and roy-
alties of Hungarie by compofition, comes King to Vienna ; but the Proteftants refulb
to fwcarc alleageance, till free vfeof Religion in Auftria by King MattbiM was gran-
ted. He was crowned at Presburg. And the laftycarej 61 2. the Emperour ^o<^«/p/:) be-
ing dead, he was chofen in his place. Anno 1610. the Perfians » ouerchrewthcTuiks
in diuers battels, wherein many thoufands oMh' m were flainc. This lafl yeare, 1 6 1 ^ .
The Turkc ^ had prouided a great armie at Adrianople to palTc into Tranfy!uania,and
his Garrifons began fomc ftirres in Hungarie, and a new warre was there feared : but
ncwoccurrcnts in Afia altered that courfc. For the people in Natolia rofe againe in
rebellion, committing fpoilc and rapine: and in Arabia a certaine Rebell vfurpcd the
title of a King, and guhcring together aboucfTtie thoufand follow<rs, hath pof-
fefledhimlclfc of Aden, a commodious Citic for the Indian Merchandize, and fitly
fcatcd for the command of the Red-fca. The Perfian King put his Embaffadour to
denh.bccaufc he had capitulated with the Turkc.thathisMaflervndcrcolour ofgifts
fhouldpay him a yearcly tribute: andfent the Turkifh Legate, which was fent with
the Perfian Legate, backe to Confiantinoplc, hauing firfl cut oft" his hands, and put
out his eyes. Hereby the Turke was forced to employ his forces this way, which hec
had intended for Tranfyluania: and by the Bafla of Buda hath promifcd tokeepe
peace: hath fent a'fo his Embafladour into Poland with a great prefent to the Kmg,
fwearingby^fcf G«d, his Horfe and i>ori/,toconferue the peace. This ycare alfo a-
bout Aprill was a great fire at Conflantinople, which burned two thoufand honfes :
the Merchants raeanc while Ubouting to conuey and faue their goods, the BalTa Naf-
luffenfispictended.that a certaine MerchnitofAIeppo (whom vpon that occafion he
found there wcaponcd) intended violence againft him, and confifcatcd his goods (the
chiefe caufe ofihc quarrell) which amounted to an hundred thoufand Chekins: which
I mention, to fiiew the miferic of Torkifh fubieilion.

Sultan t/fchmei\% now tyi»n» i<$i^.fiue and twcntieyearesold: of good fla-
tnre, ftrong and adiue more then any of his Court. Hf hath three thoufand Corcu-
bines and Vitgins for his luft: his cUefl fonne is about eight yearcs old: hce is
much delighted with pleafures of the field , for which in Grxcia and Natolia hec
hath fortic thoufand Falconers : his Huntf-meii are not much fewer. And whereas
their Religion binds them once euerie day to praflifc fome ManuJl trade , as his fa-
ther did making of Arrowes .- This Sultan cuerie morningt after his deuotions
maketh Home-rings, which they wcare on their thumbcs for the better drawing of
theirbowes. Eight thoufand pcrfons arc alway rcfidcnt in his Palace. His Officers
' arc the C*fi ay^g't, by whom he fpcakes to fuch as haue fuites to him; Treafurer of
the Houfhold, Cup-bearer, Steward, Oucrfeer of his women, andprincipall Gard-
ner. Thefe fixe are in great place : he hath Mutes (perfons borne deafe anddumbe)
which attend him ; he hath fifteene hundred gelded men, from whom their priuitics
arewholly cut, and they make water thorow iliortcuillcsoffiluer, which to that end
ihcy v.'care on their T^rbants. HisVilicrBafl''S,or Priuy-counfcllers, whereof there
arenineatConftantinople, and were wont to be much fewer, are now thirtie. The
red of them arc in their charges,or Bcglerbcgs places abroad. They fit cuery Saturday,
Sunday, Munday, and Tuefday, in iheDiuanoor Counfei-ha'l, The Agais Ciptaine
of the lanizarics. TheChiaufcs arehis Purfiuants.TheSpahi his guard ofhorfe-men.
The lanizarics arc his beft fooi-mcn, who in their child- hood arc taken from their pa-

rents



c The chccfe
officers ot the
Tuike,3ndhis
other iiiftiu-
mentsof pri-
uatc and pub-
Iiqiieferuicc.
iy.et^'nUs and
Onlnat, Poll-
tie iurcicte,
&c.



C H A P .1 o. ASIA, The third ^ookd ^9 1



' rents, and brought vp in all haidncflc, and in the rules of their religion. Then are they
puttoSchoolcs, where vnder moH Iciicrc Maftcrsthey aretatight the vie of diners
weapons, and fuch as prone fit are enrolled forhniz.aries. Of whom in all arc fortie
thoufand,and about fixtccnethoufand with their Aga, attend the Grand Seignior
his pcrfon at Conftantinople, where they are employed as Conftables, Clearkes of
the Market, Warders of the gates. Sergeants for arrefts, to guard Embafiador<,and o-
thcr Offices. He hath alfo in pay others called Topegi, fixe thoufand which are Gun-
ners;& twelue thouland Gebegi, which hauc charge of the powder and fliot in the ar-
mies.Hc hath Seminaries for thctrayning vp of thofc yongIings,the one fore of which
are called leheoglani, whereof arc f ue thoufand, which neuer goc out of the Seraglio
infixtecncortwentieyearcs,neuer lee any but their Officers, where they are tray ned
vp to future feruicc. The Gemoglani (who are alfo tithed children of the Chriflians)
arc brought vp with fome more libcrtie, and to bofe offices ot husbandrie and fuch
like, and may alfo prouc Janizaries. Of thcfe are twentie thoufand. The lanizaries and
nthedchildren.withhisTimariots, are the mainc pillars of his Empire. His Timari-
ots, w hich hold land in Fee, to maintaine To many horfe men in his fcruice, are in Eu-
rope two hundred fifticfeucn thoufand; in Afia and Africa, fourc hundred fixtie two
xhoui'tnd. Begierl;eg fignifieth Lord of Lords; ofwhich were wont robe two; one in
Europe, another in Afia : but by Solyman encreafcd, that though Romania and Nato-
lia hauc ftill the chiefe titles, yet in Europe are foure others ; in Afia before thefe Pcrfi-
anwarrcs, nine and twentie, in Africa fbure, in all nine and thirtic, which arc as Vice-
royes^audhaue their Begs or Sanzackes vnder them. Kis Admirals place is as greac
by fea. And thus much of Turkifh affaires, the fumme of the large workc of Mafter
^w/Zi-/, whom I principally follow.

C H A p. X.
of the Ofmons holden by the Turkes in their Religiom

' Ow the Turkes from fofmall beginnings haueafpircd to ^histheirpre-
fentgreatnefieyou haue fecnc; bought indeed at a dearcprice, with
their temporal! dominions accepting of a fpirituall bondage, bccom-
ming the Lords of many Countries.and withall made fubicdit to thofc
many Mahumetan fupcrftitions. The occafion and chiefe caufe of
Sc(Ss ill the Saraccnicall dcuotions ye haue heard in the fourth and feuenth Chapter s:
towhich wemayaddehecrcoutot » S<r//(7K(«/.He faith^ that befidcs the A!coran,they ^ o;,/j,/, ^ ,
haue another booke called Zuna, that is , the Way, or Law, or Councell o(AIahemet, • o « • .•

written after his death by his difc!ples,but the readings therof being diucrs & corruptj
the Ca'iph affcmbled a gencrall Councell of their yJ/phachi,or learned men at Damal'-
- CO, wherein fix Comrnilfioncrs were appointed, namely, Mtifi.li», f^och.in^'Bnboray-
ra^ A^neccj. Atermindi and D.-;;?, to view- and examine thcfe bookes, each of which
compofcd a booke, and thofe fixe bookes were called Z«»^; the other copies being
two hundred Camels lading.w ere drowned in the Riuer; thofe fix only made authen'
ticall, eflcemedof cquall authoritie among the Turkes, with the Alcoran, and after
by one of their Diuines contracted into an Epitome ; which booke was called the
'Eookj of Flowers. But this Z.w4 being mi 'L'wrf (one as the Trttth is) but full of con-
trarietic, hence haue arilenfeftsamonglt them; the Turkes differing from other Ma-
humetan Nations, and diuided alfo amongfl themfelues.

^nt'ncKy b Mcnattinrs (who lined a long time in the Turkifh Court) faith that the b Mensu lib.i,
booke of their I. aw is called Mf<faf.h,ox Ci!raam,\\\\\c\\ Georgtouitz^xtcVoneih ano- yinar. Am.
ther booke; not the Alcoran but perhaps fome GlofTc.or fome Extraft thereof in Ara- G. B-ddul^h.
bian, which they hold V lawfull totranllateintothevulgar.They haue jtinfuchreue-
rence,that they will not touch it,cxcept they be v\ afhed from top to toe : and it isread
in their Churches bv one with aloud voice;the people gluing dcMout attendance with-
out any noi fe : nor may the Reader hold it beneath his girdle- (tcdde; and after he hath
read itj he kilfcth it, and toucheth his eyes with it, and with great folemnitie it is car-

C c 2 . lied




292.



The Turkes Opinons in their l^eli^ion. C h a p .10.



a Policie of
thcTutkifti
Empire.
tiddnlfh.
b Some fay
that the Turks
now vfe to re»
fort to their o-
ratoricsbut
three times a
day, and P.iiibe-
qiiiii'i [aitb
foure,omit-
tingthat in
the night. Buf-
bef ep!ft. I.
they mealitrc
the time of
prayer by
houre-glafl'ei
of water.



Biddiilph.



ricd intO the due place. Out of thisbookc are deriucd eight principall Commandc-
ments of their Law. Thefirftis, Godi^ agreat Ged, andoneonly God, tind Mahomet
u the 'Prophet of (jod; this article of the Vnitie (they thinke) makcth againrt vs, who
hdeeue 3.Trhtttie of Perfo»s : in dcteftation whereof, they often reiterate thefe words
hfi, hu,hu,th2it \sJoc,he, he, is onely God» who is worthie to be praifed for their limbs
health,&c. and for that he hath prouided fuftenancc for cuery one fortie yeares before
his birth.

The fecond Commandement is, Obey thy parents, and doe nothing to difpleafc
them in word or deed:they much feare the curfes of their parents. 5. Doe vnto others
as thou wouIdeftbedoncvnto,4.That theyrepaire totheMefchit or Church at the
times appointed ; of which after. 5:. To faft one month of the yearc, called Remez^tinfit
RamadaK, 6. Thatthey giuealmes to the poore liberally and freely. 7. Tomarrieac
conuenient age, that they may multipliethe fetft of Mahomet. 8. not to kill. Of thefe
Commandcments is handled at large in Menauino, and in the bookc * of ihc Policic
ofthc Turkifli Empire, and in others.

Their times of prayer,according to the fourth Precept, are ^ in the morning, called
S.tLiKamaz,z.i, before Sunne-rifing: the fecond at noone, called y'lenamaz.K,i.(On}i\z
Friday they pray fixe times, rcforting to their Church two houres before noone) the
third, about three houres before Sunne-fct, called Inch'indinamaz.z,i, Thefourthat
Simne kt, AfcanyiamaK,K.i, The fifth, two houres within night, before thcygoe to
fleepe. They which meane to goe to prayer, goe firfl to the houfe of office, and there
purge their bodie: they wafh their priuie parts; and then going thence, wafli their
hands, their mouth, their nofe, their countenance, and their wrifts, each of them three
times, and after their earcs and neckcs, faying a certainePfalme, and thenwafh their
feettothemid-legge, faying another Pfalme: and after all tins, with a giauepace,
vvaike to Church ; without thefe wartiings they hold their prayers vnprofitablc. Siy-
/irwci»/?rf»/5"/faith. That for this caufe of wafhing they cut their nailcs, and all their
haire; except on their heads and beards (whichyet they combe, and beftow curious
paines about, that the water may haue free paflage to all parts) yea for this caufe hee
thinketh they obferue Circumcifioa.that nothing be left couercd and vn waOied.They
haue thrc kinds of wafhings : the firft of all the bodie, no part being left free, called
Zceagirgmeg, which is neceflarie after any pollufion. The fecond is called Tachriat,
of thepriuitiesandhinderpartsafterfloole,vrine, or breaking of winde. The third,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 59 of 181)