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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 60 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 60 of 181)
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ty4ptan,oT /^^^<«, in thcinlhumentsofthefiuefenfes, beginning at the hands, from
thence the wrifts to the elbow; then the mouth and nottrills; then all the face with
the eyes; then the eares, and from thence to the feet, which he waflieth as hich as the
ankles. This is not neceflaric before cuery prayer, except fomc vnclcanneflc happen,
but niayferueforall day.

Their AImcs,enioyned in the fixt Commandement, are publike or priuate. Their
publike almes is a facrifice or offering of fomc bcaft once euery ycare. For whereas of
old they fliould haue giuenacertainepenfion ofmoncy to the poore, namely, two in
the hundre th : Mahomet vpon their complaint eafed this heauie burthen ,and conuer-
ted it into this facrifice. This beaftmuft be cutinpeeces,andgiuento thepoore : nei-
ther muft they themfelues eate ofit,yet may each man eate of his neighbours ofFerin",
and this facrifice ought to be of the fairell and beft,Horfe,Veale,or Mutton.Thcplacc
for this facrifice is called Cann^ra: where are mar^' Butchers, which cutting the throat
thereof, fay ; In the name of him which hath made heauen and earth, and all things
clfc ; this facri'icebe to his honor and worfhip, andlethii infinit bountie accept the
fame. They vfe thelike vpon occafion ofvovvcs, if any of their houfe befickc.Asfor
their pr'uate almes, they hold it neceflaric : hauing a vaine conceit, that it freeth them
from all imminent miferie, which (they fay) together with the almes, turnethfrom
them to the poore man ; whence it commerh that the poore are fo full ofdifeafes. But
for all this charitable Precept, many poore people die amongrt them for want of rc-
liefe : and <= if the poore pay not their head-money to the King yeareiy, they are bea-
ten, and their women and children fold to pay it.

Marriage ought to be fought (they fay) for procreation, notforlufi. They'which

hue



C H A P .1 o. ASIA, The third (Booke,



2<9|



liucvnmarricd (after fit time, which is about fiuc and twcntieycares of age) arc noE
iuft, norpleafc God. Their Law cnioy neth them to pcrforme their mariagc-cercmo-
nies, with prayers and prayfcs, and modeft fhamcfhftneflc; and they ought to Icarnfc
each other to rcade.ifeithcrpartic be ignorant. But their mariage is now farrc dege-
nerate fionuhat ancient (ImpHcitic: ' For if a man like a yong woman, he buyethhcr
of her father, and then enroilcth her in the CaJies bookej the mariage following with
all Bacchanal! folcmnitics. The father giueth only fomc peeces of houfliold with her,
carried openly by particulars thorow the ttreets. When he diflikethanyof his vviue?,
he fellcih them, or giueth them to his men- flaues. They fit not at table with their huf-
bands,but waitc and fcruc them; and then they dine by thcmfelues.admitting no mah
oc mankind with them aboue twelue yeares old. And they neucr goc abroad without
leauc, except to the Bath, and on Thurfday to weepe at the graucs of the dead : They
rife to their husbands, and ftand while they are in prefcnce; and befides them, come
inno companic of men, nor doc they fpcake with a man or in any part of their bodic
are feeneof any man; becaufe they thinke fight, cfpccially where beautic or comcli-
nefle is, cannot be without finnc. Only the brother may be permitted to fee the fifier,
but not the husbands brother. For this caufe that fcxc is not fufferedtobuy andfelJ,
but is clofely mewed, faue that their law allowcth them to frequent the publikc Baths,
The wife and concubine differ in the right to a dowrie, which the later wanteth : buc
the wife muft caufe the other to be her husbands bcd-fcllow, when he conimandcth,
without gain-faying, except on their Sabbath,or Friday night, which is the wiues pc-
culiar. Yctare theTurkcsgiueninbothfexestovnnaturallluft (in thcfc times) euen
]thc women in publike Bathes, fometimes are fo enflamed in that filthincffe, as is intol-
Icrable. BHsbequim tells of one woman, which falling in louc with a yong maid, and
no wayelfeprcuailing, cloathed her fclfein mans apparell, and hiring a houfc ncerc,
procured the fathers good-wi 1 to hauc that his daughter in marrisge; which being To-
lemnifcd betwecnc them,and the truth difcoucrcd (which the blacke mantle of night
could not couer from HymerntHs) complaint wasmade,and the Gouernour quenched
the hot flames of this new Bridegrome, caufing her to be drowned for that offence. If
the man abufe the wife to vnnaturall lufl, flie may haue her remedic by diuorcc, if fine
accufe her husband J which modeftie fotbiddeth to be done in words, and therefore
flie puts offhcrrhooc, and by inuerting the fame,accufeth her husbands perucrfencfTe,
OneMalteri'/OTo;?/, which liued amongft them, told me, that there are fomc which
IccepcBoycs galiantlyarrayed.tofcrueibrthe worfcthen bcaftiy lu(l offuch as will
Jiire them. He affirmed alfo. That they haue this lothfome punifhmcnt for that loth-
ibme finne of whotedomc, to take the panch of a beaft new killed, and cutting a hole
thorow, to thrufl the Adulterers head in this dung-wallet, and fo carric him in pompe
thorow the {greets. It is death, either to the bodie by iudiciall fentence,or to the foulc
by turning Turke, for a Chiii^ian to hauc earn sU dealing with anyof their women.
A lew which had dealing with aTurkes wife, with her husbands confent, could not
cfcape hanging therefore, ( this indeed was a fauour, forhecfbould haue bccne bur-
ned) notwiLhllaiidinghis rich country-men offered two thoufand duckats to fauc
him: Her husband was hanged for his wittoldly permiiTion, and fhee her fclfedi ow-
ned, (jeorge 'Danfa rcporteth the like danger, which an Armenian hardly efcaped.buc
for talking with a Turkifh woman, both of them being therefore imprifoncd, and
thence deliuered at a dcere rate. He telleth of their Parderaftie that they buy Boyes at
an hundred or two liunHredduckats, and mew them vp for their filthieluR, till they
proue bearded : they will alfo fieaie Boyes for that villanie, as hee inftanccth of one
which came with the Polonian EmbalTadour fo (tollcn, and neucr could after bee
heard of.

Murther (prohibited in their eight Commandement) they hold vnpardonable, if it
be done wilfully.Often will the Turkes brawle, but neucr in priuate quarels firike one
another, for fearc of this law, and the fcucritie of the Magiftrate. And ifone be found
dead in aflrectcorhoufc,themaftcrofthehoufe,ortheParifh3muftfindoutthe niur-
thcrer; otherwifehehintfclfefhallbeaccufedof it, and the whole Contadofhall be
fined,andlikewifc in cafe of robbcric,

C c 3 Mtnamtam



Menaaina.



.1 The Turlseg
cnn marry arid
vnmaiy them-
ftjiies at their
pkafurc.



Sep'cmcuilrcaf,



St. CerUch.if^



Getrg.'Denfahi
itm.ConJiantL



294



The Turks s Opinms in their ^^eligton. C h a p .s o.



efiU.i

c VilUmont,



a The Turkes
are no fa(hion»
itiongsrs.



(JMevamnta reckoneth alfo feiicn mortall finnes ; Pride,Auarice,Lechcric,Wrath,
Enuic, Sloth, and Gluttonie. The firfl:,they ray,caft Lnctfer out of hcauen. The fccond
is the root of many other finnes. The third is moft rife acnongftthem,and that in the
moftfilthieandvnnaturall kindof Sodomie; their law to thjcontrarienocvvithltan-
din'^. The fourtk makcth a man a be^ft. The fifth fhuttcth men out of Paradilc,and fo
% Drinking of forth of the vcft. Wine » is alfo forbidden them ; but yet they will be drunke with it,
Grecke Wine if they Can get their fill of it. And M-thomet the third (y4»»o lo'oi.) imputing diuers in-
is too fweecc a fo|e„cies of the Janizaries to their cxcefiiue drinking of wine (by the Mufties perfwa-
Turklrto tor- ^o") commanded on paine of dcath.all fuch in Conltantinople and Pera,as had wine,
bcare. to bring it out and ftauc it (except Embafladors oncly) fo that the flrecta ranne there.

b A.Gif^Buib. vvith. Onedrinking ^ wine with "S^J^f^^/w*, made great clamors; beingabkcd the
caufe,hefaidhedidittowarnc his foule to flee into feme corner of the bodie, or elfe
be quite gone, kfl: it fliould be polluted with that finne. Yet in theirFali or Lent they
abftaine vcryreligioufly. ^ If it beproued againft aPrieft, that he hath drunke wine
b.tonce.hcfliallncuerbebeleeuedas awitneffeaftcrit. Swines flefli is prohibited
too ; in abftainingfrom which they are more obedient ; it being vtterly abhorred.

The Turkes <! generally hatc(faith Sepicmcaflren/is) that lightnes in apparel, ipeecb.
gefiure,&c, vfedoftheChriftians, whomfor this caufe they call Apes and Goatcs.
Like wife they are not fumptuous in their priuate buildings. They goc to the warrc,as
It were to a wedding, efteeming them bleffed which are therein flaine. The wiucs and
womcn-feruants agree in one houfe, without iealoufie and grudging, they are in their
habitcandbehauiourmodeft : and, where himfclfc dwelt, the father in law had not
fceae the face of his daughter in law, lining inthe fame houfe with him, in twentie
yeares fpace ; fo religioufly doe they vcile thetlil'elues.

On Friday they pray more deuoutly, but (as the Alcoran alfo permitteth ) they ab-
flaine not from all labour. He faw the grand Signor himfelfc goe to their Church, and
likewife to the Bath, attended only with twoyouthcs ; none vfing any acclamation to
him. And in the Church he prayed on the pauemcnt coucrcd with a Carpet, like to the
reft, without any Throne or enfignc of Royaltic. And he obferued the like modcfhe
in his other behauiour.

The Turkes are fo zealous in their fuperftition, that they wilkatherlofe their life
then Religion: as among other eiamj'les in i'f^»^f>'^<'^f timeatDibra, many Turkes
chofe rather to die Turkes, then to liuc Chrifhans ; yea fome, as it is reported, rather to
kill thcmfelucs, then to leaue their fuperRition : and in the yeare i ^68. the Pcrfiati
Enibaflador was fhot at, and one of his followers hurt by a Turke, who being appre-
hended, confcflcd that he did it bccaufe he was an Hercf.kc, and lent from an Here-
tike : for which faft he was drawne at an horfe-taylc thorow the Citie, and then hod
his right hand cut off, and after his head. They hate the Pcrl^ans, as 'l\uHan B'-jfi cold
B!4ibccj:ii;i!^ more then they doe the Chriftians : like as the Traditionarie lew doth the
Textuarie, and the Papiff the Proteftant.

Images they haue in fuch deteftation, that (bcfidesthe fcratchjng out the eyes of
thofe in the Mufaicjue worke ot Saint Sophies Tcmple)whcn Solyman ouenhxcw King
Lewis oi Hungarie, he carried away three Images of cunning worke in BrafTc, rcprc-
fentin? //^rcWc^ with his Club, ^peZ/o with his Harpe,D<.!»;? with her Bow and Qm-
uer, and placed them in the tiltyard at Conftantinopic : but by the perfvvafion of the
0^«//^/,thcy were molten into great Ordinance. They haue no Scutchions or bla-
zing of Armes: nay, they vfe no fcalesin their letters or other writings, which fecme
to them to fauour of (iiperftition, or fiiperfluitie.

When they conquer any Citic, they turne the Temples into Mofques, and facrificc
there. Thwi d\ASoljman "^ atBuda, and ^'««/'>i/^ facrificed fixe hundred captiues to
his fathers ghoft.

They are moderate in their priuate buildings, and detefl f the Chriftians for their
now diey aic exceffe and fuperflucus expences that way : ivhat ( fay they ) doe thof: Pagans thinke
heicin mote they {h.dl t:Me euer ? t\\ty often lodge (iaith g tf'i/yrfwo'^rjat thefigneoftbc Moonc ; and
fumptuous. jj^j. jijjg moderation they vfe in diet and appa ell. They haue a bralTc pot, and their o-
£»ifsM j" c '/. '^^'^'^ meane houfliould implements with them in the warres, which they vfe in peace.

Readie



'Buihcq.efiH.i.



e I^olls.

f Sepremcifl.
Mafter Simsns
told me that



lament. 1.^,6, 6,



Chap. 10. ASIA* The third Booke, 295



•Rcadie monic is their furcrt riches, bccaufe the Grand Sigiiior is tVieir fureft Hcirc,

They haue the rifing of the Sunne in great reuercnce j and efpecially the appearing
of the new Moone: as * when y1/rf^owff the great bcficgedScodra, the new Moone ^ ,- ««
beginning to fhew her felfe, the MahumetancPricfts, going about the Armie , gaue
theSouldiers warning thereof, as their manner is, by finging of a Song in man-
ner of a Proceflion ; whcreunto the whole Armie anfweredwith a fhort rcfpond,
and at the fame time bowing themfelues to the ground, faluted the Moone with great
fuperftition.

They may » haue t welue lawful! wiucs,and as many Concubines as they w ill (fome a Septemca^.
fay, but foure vviues.) The children of the one are equally legitimate as well as the o-
thcr, and inherite alike: yet few of them kcepe two wiues together in one houfc : but
in feuerall places where they haue dealings , they haue feuerall wiues , which they di-
uorceatpleafure.

They tell many things of Antichrift(whomthey call !> TV/^/cWjand oftheRefur- b uundau:
reiSion,andofthela(Uudgement, of Heli, and Purgatoric : And that A/iz^swir/ after faith Df^""^.
Judgement fliall deliuer all of all Religions from thence.

They haue no knowledge of liberall Arts,of cafes of Confciencc,of Originall finne,
or of a(5ti)all, further then the outward aft.

Theirrefpefts torcliques appearethby CJ^f*?A(7«7ff <= the third, 1597. who in the c HiyoU.
difcomfiture of his Arm ie fled towards Agria, fhedding fome teares as iiee went , and
wiping his eyes with a peece of Mahomeis garment, which he carryed about him as a
Rclique.

The Turkes may neither eate; drinke, nor make water, flanding.

In their aduerHtie they fctke with earned prayers to their Prophets; and publike
fupplications are fomctimcs decreed. At •• the taking of Alba Regalis, 160 1. the Baf- d K^olIp,iii6
faof Buda (then prifoner at Vienna) hearing of it , abftayned from meat with his two
feruants a whole day , proHrate vpon his face , praying vnto h s Prophet CMahomet,
who heefaid had becneangrie all that yearc with theTurkes. They e endure punifh- e mibeq,
ments infliftedby theMagiftratewithgreatpaticnce, thinking they fhall efcape all
torment in thofe parts in the World to come : they therefore re w ard the w hipper, and
eflccme the whip (which I enuie not to them) facrcd. ^

. They are ( but contrarie to the Alcoran ) addided to forceries and dreames : their
Priefls write them letters or fpells, to keepe them from danger and harme of {hot,&c.
called f Haymayly. They will write any thing for monic, as letters of fVeedome for f Seoteir,c:tk,
feruants to runncav\ ay from their Mafters , and fuch like. They make a fliewof holi-
iic(re,biit are clolcly w icked,ignorant of their owne law (to cout r which,ihey anfwere
indarkefcntences) and the people much more. Nothing is finne,to count of, but that
which endamageth ciiiill focietic.

They efteeme for good workes, S the buildings and cndowings of Hofpitals , ma- g Their good
king Bridges and high-waies, digging of pits, and wells, and conueying waters to Woikes.
high- waies aiid Cities, building Bathes, and founding of Churches,and fuch like pub-
iike workes. /?«/<»» 'i^jj/i? left his wife, the Daughrer of Ao/jw<?», at his death tiftcene h M.Harbmn.
millions of gold, and fliee had of y earely reuenue halfe a million : fliee, amongff other
ber workes, attempted one moft famous, which was a c^Midiiit to conuey water, (or the
vie of thePilgrims betwixt Cairo and Mecca, fortiedaycs iourney; and forthcfame
inrent procured the i'«/;^w5,f/)'>>j her brother, to write to the Venetians foi a licence
to extr.ift out of Italic an hundred thoufand pound of Iteele , only to nuke Chifiells,
Hammers, and Mattocks, for the cutting of certaiiie rocks, by which this water
muft pafTe,

Their ' Oathcs (efpecially of their Emperors) arc of many cuts, and varietieof \ Theiroathei
fafliion. Andforvowes; in necclTuies and dangers, they will promife vnto God the anJvowcs.
facrifices of beafts in Ibme holy places, not vpon Altars , but '' hauing flaiedoffthe ^ Andr.Ai-
skinne, they giuc it with the head, feete, and fourth partoftheflcfhto thePtieft ; Hahme.
another part to the Poore ; the third to the Neighbours ; the fourth is for the
Guclfs.

' ■ They are foaddid^cd to the opinion of Fate, ihatCod is ef^eemedcoblcfTewhat-

foeuei



29 ^ T^f^^ Tnrkes Opin ions in their ^ligion. C h a p . i o,

q— ^™»— »*— ^^^^— ^ - ■ ■ ■ — -■ ^ mm I . — -. - -I- . . ' " ■ -—

{oeuer hath fucceffcas namely, Sel/ffis murthering his Father ; and to deteft what waa«
tcthgood Client , whatfoeuer ground it had. They feare not the Plague, accountin"
cuery mans rime limited by Fate, and therefore will wipe their faces with the clo^thcs
of fuch as haue dyed thereof.
e iMiinjier,cof. They hold « it alike acceptable to God, to offer almes to beaf^s, and to bcrtow it on
//M- raen, when it is offered for the loue ofGod. Some there are,which willredecmc birds,

Sitsl>.ep.y&^. trnprifoned in their cages or coupes, and hauingpaied their price, let them f^ic. O-
thers Hor the louc of God) caft bread into the water to fcede thefifhes, cftccming it
a ■worKc greatly meritorious ; but Doggcs arc accounted vndeanc, in flead whereof
they delight in Cats, following (they lay) their Prophet AIahomi;t^v.\\o falling aflcepb
lat table, and awaking to goe to his dcuotions, rather cut off hisflceue, whereon hee
found bis Cat faf^aflcepe , thenhevvou'd dillurbehcr, lA^^ct Stmotts \.o\6 mc that he
hath fecnc them at Cairo fcede dogs with baskets of bread , one ftanding by with ji
club to kccpe them from fighting rand one gauc almes for a Bitch whuh had Whelps
vnder a (tall. Herein perhaps (as in other things) the Egyptians are more fuperftitious
then the Tiuke£,efpecially in this of Dogs which fauours of their old Anuhu and dog-
worfhipping.

They fay L^fofeiwas the firf^ gr?at Prophet, to whom was giuen the bookc Tffrit,

that is, the Law, and they which obfcrucd it in thofe times were faued. But w hen men

grew corrupt, God gauc jD^/W the booke ^x,<<^«r,orthePfaIter:and when this prcr

uailed no:, /<•/«/ was fent with the Booke/A/^'/, ortheGofpell, whctcby in that time

men were faued. Laftly, y'l^^s^awf/^ receiued his Alcoran, and all the former were difa-

nulled. This Law and Law-giucr is fo lacrcd to them , that in all their prayers , cuen

from their mothers brcaf^s, they obfciie thisformc : Laillah , illelah Mehemtnetirre.

[uUellah tanre rirfeghamber hace : 1 hat is, there is no God but one, and Mahomet his

Prophet: one Creator, and more Prophets. This they flick in with their milke, and in

their firfl learning to fpcake lifpe out this deuotion.Thc infants go with the rcit to their

Mofquees or Mefchits, but are not tied to other ceremonies, fauing wailiing, till they

f Aiil.MeitM. arccircumcifed. Eucryman f hath (in their opinion) from his birthto his death two

Angels attending him; the one at his right hand, the other at his left. At fourc or ftuc

vear old they lend him to the Schoolc to learnc the Cuiaam, and the firft words which

their Maftcrs teach them arc to this fcnfc J God is one, and is notcontayncdinany

place, but is through all, and hath neither father nor mother nor children , eatcth not,

nor drinkcth, nor fleepeth,aild nothing is like to him. The two Angels before laid, arc

called Chirrimim and Chiru tib'tn, which, wriic the good or euiil that men doe againll

f^i/UgtniGei^. thcday of Judgement. ThcTuikes e abhorreblalphemie not only againfl ^o^^and

M-ihstmei , but alfo againft ChnH and the Virgin Ai-irte^ and other 54<»// : and they

punifli blafphemers of whatfoeuer Scift : they account it a hnne for a man to build a

houfe which fhall lafi longer then a mans life rand therforc howfoeuer they are fiimp-

tuousand magnificent in their publique buildings, yet are there priuatcdvuellings ve^

h Vi^yimdu ry homely, and ill contriued. They catc much 0^/K^/i(. thinking it mskcththemcoura-

ViUamont.l.i. gious in the warres. They '^ hauc a rcmedie for paine in the head or eifcwherc, to

"?-S. burnc thepartaffcded withthctouch-boxe ( whichthcyalway carry withthcm) oi

I ih.nri^htmat ^,\iYi Ibmc linnencloth whereby theyhaue many rnarkcs on theirforchtads and tem-

^'"^ "'""■' pies, witnefTes of their necdlcffe and heedlelfe relpecf to Phyfitians.

mcnt.cdidc'unt. As theScrirnurc contaynctnlomc Prophecies ' of the atiling and proceedings ot

k Birt.Gforg. theTiirkidi Nation, the rod of God , whereby hcc Icourgeth his Chrifhan people; fo




sjiccM Vox. wnercwithhehadcnaitilcu nis cnudrenbiJchanoneistnat whicnGfo-^.'<!
A(l&Moa.to.\ latetn and expoundeth: and fuch is that which ' LeuncUvms hath tranfcribed out of
i» fine. their Bookc called /1/fj/^!^?/;, wherein is written thatConfUntinoplefhall bcetv\icc




li[l. . .„„-„...

Ce>it.^.c,io. W''*^ the Tutkcs fable, that before his commjng, fluU Altchdi enioy the Empiie. This



C H A p.Il. ASIA. TkthirdBooke,



2P7



Xjlitchdi they fay " was dcfccnded of their Prophet (JJ-f/i/wwr."-, and walkcth imii- -

fibleronedayhe fhallcome intolight,andraigneforatime :and after himfhalI2Jf^- ^J^'fi-^xM^
»<r/ their Anti-Prophet, or Ancichri'i come. A certaineDeruife offered to alfault and
murther Baiaz^et the Great Tiirkc,profeflinghimfelfe to be that Aiechdi,zni was flainc
byoneofthe Baflaes. ,

As for the bloudy praflifes which each Emperor vfeth in murthering his brethren
to fcciire him in his Throne , in rooting out of the Nobilitic of the Countries which
they conquer, in rafing the Walls and Fortreffes of the Cities, Icaft they fliould bee re-
ceptacles for confpiracie, in tranllating people from one Countrie to another, inturr
ning the Countries into Tirwjrfrj-, or ereding Fees and Tenures of Land to hold infer-
uice of the Turkc in his warres, whereby without any charge to him hee maintayneth
more horfe- men in continual! pay and rcadincfle then all the Princes Chriftian .-alfo of
their Court,.?fi'A-7if,manner of goucrnmcnt by Verier Bajfas 'Begltrhegs, Siniackj^d-c.
Of the Turkiil) Nauics reuenucs and other things ;(nct concerning their RcIigion,but
their Pojicie) I holditnot futable toour fcope and argument. Others m diuers lan-
guages hauedoneit infctTreatifesandDifcourfes. I therefore (leaning thefe things o LixSortnx?
to o others) from this relation of their opinions, will come to the publikc cxcrcife ottoman t^noU,
and ptadlife of their Religion. Turc.Hift.&c.



Chap. XI.

of the Religious pUces among fi the Turkes : their Mefchits-, no(^-i-

tatls , And Monafieries : with their Liturgie and

Circuvtiiftort.

S;^«5^?^-^- He places * of moft Religion to the Turkes abroad arc thofe which
^7:^i t^i^i; Alahumet hiiTifelfe polluted with his irreligion : as Mecca,Medinaj&c,
'-«j^ l.^.t^ik jjif places of molt Religion amongfl themfelues arc their Molches,or
Mefchits : that is, their Temples and Houfcs of prayer, (whereof they
haucmany inallTurkie) and next thereunto their Hofpitalls for the
rclicfeofthe poore, impotent, and Pilgrims. Neither are the Turkes
Iparingiiithefeorthelike (feeming) charitable cxpences. ForwhenaTurkefalleth
fick , and thinketh he fliall thereof die, hee fends for his friends andkinsfolkes , and in
their prcfcncemakcth his Tcftament : the grcatcft Legacies whereof arc bequeathed
to publike vies, which they thinke will be meritorious to their foulcs.

Such are the making and rcpayring of Bridges, Caufeyes, Conduits to conuey wa-^
ter to their Hofpitalls or Temples. Some alfo giue to the Redemption of Captiues.
Many of their Women ( the deuouter Sexe, whether in Religion or fiiperfiition ) be-
queath monie to bee dil^ributcd amongft fuchSouldiersashaueflaineany certayne
number of Chriftians : a deede in their conceit very religious, Thele arc the wills and
decdes of the inferiour fort. But the Emperours, and great Bafl'aes, appoint Legacies
to expreffe a greater magnificence with their deuotion,as the building of Temples and
Hofpitalls.

TheirTemplesorMefchitcs are for the fnoft part fourc fquarc, not much vnlikcto
our Churches, but larger in length then bredth. TheTempleof S'^/Vjt 5o/)^« in Con-
ftantinoplcisofall other in the Turkes Dominion the molt admirable,built long fincc
by lufltn'tAn^ and ( by ij\iahumct the Conquerour ) peruertcd to this Mahumctan vfe
aboue nine hundred yeares after. Of this Temple they write, =■ that it was firll built by
Conflantius, fonne oiConJint^tine the Great, with a roofc of Timber : and burnt by the
Arians in the time of Great T^fo«/»/5i«/ , whoagaine repayred it. Soz^omtnus ^ faith,
that in the broiles which hapned not long after in the raigne oiArcadiHS and Homnus
about Chryfojiome, the Church was fired, his enemies afcribing it to his partakers,and
they againe to his Aduerfaries. It is reported that Theodofius lunior rebuilt it. But in
t\\cumtoi lujliniart,Procopius 'teftificth, thatbafe and wicked men burnt it againe,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 60 of 181)