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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 61 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 61 of 181)
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which lHjiint.in built a«ne\v in fuch fumptuous and magnificent Ibft , that in regard of

his



* The policic
of the Turkiftj
Empire.



a Tet.ayU'mi:

TopvgTtphia

Conjiant'mop,

l.i.c-l.

b Sudani. 1%,

C.ll.

dtjiip lujiiTL*!
m l.i ,



IpS Of thereligious places amvn_gJit}?eTttrkeSy<(jrc. Chap.ii.'



e Uu'gKfl.Ec-
drfiajt.l.^.c.^o.



f Nkcph.Eccl.

cap.io.

h SiMis

in Verba



I V.Cyl.Topag.
ConfiJ 1.4.

Politic of the
T.E.BcUiiwus,
and others.



k K. N. Verc-

grinatienJ.t,

cap.zo.-

1 Bft'/ff».



his change it might hauebeenevvifhed that it had pcriflied long before. His chicfc
W'Ofkcmen were ^nthemitis , and J fdorHs , whoraiicd it into a moft goodly frame,
which might amaze the beholders, and fcenie incredible to the hearers. Both hee and
Eaa<^r:(is e recite the particulars. The length was two hundred and thrccfcore feetc t
the bredth one hundred and fifteen" : the height a hundred and fourefcore. Zonaras^
jAgathm ,in(\ Georgius €tdrivus,x.e\\ of the harmes it recciued by Earthquakes, whiles
Ittfiinian lined, which yet he repaired, as did Bnfilms and Andromcus after him. Nice~
fhortis f faith.that Cei^ftantine raifed the Temple o^ Peace (which before was but fmal)
tothat larqeand ftatelygrcatncffr, which in his dayesitretaynedrand his fonncCo«-
fiantiiis finiflied the Temple of Sophia fo neare it , that they Teemed to hauc but one
wall. It was g founded by Co>iJ{atitineh\s father : and was burnt in a fcdition of the
people, intheraigneof /<</?/«M», in which rebellion thirtiethoufand of the people
were flaine, and partly to pacific the wrath of God (faith he) for fo great a flaugbter,
he built this Temple. From the fide of the Temple he tooke h fourehui drcdtwcntic
and fcucn pillars on an Image of Heathen Gods, and oftwcluc fignes of the Zodiakc :
and fourefcore flatues of Chriflian Emperors, which hee diftributcd in the Citic. But
more then enough of the ancient flrud^urc thereof

As it is at this day, diuers haue defcribed it -.but of them all moft diligcntlyjPf^rax
' Gylliiis. The walls and roofes thereof arc of brick, the inner part lined with maibic
mofl excellent, and of diuers forrs, the roofc is fet with floncs,and pecces of glafle gil-
ded ; Nature and Arte confpiring to breede the beholders both pleafure and wonder.
It is fo compofcd.and the Pillars and Arches fo placed that themiddle lie within(con-
iideredby itfelfe)fcemesliketheformecfanEgge, lorigarid round : butthe whole
fabrick both within and without, yceldeth to the curious obleruer a fquare forme. All
the inner part hath Arches, (in the top open to rcceiue light) which are fuftaincd with
marble Pillars of diuers colours, and there arc , faith Beliomns , ( if oncmay fay it ) as
many dacres in that Temple, as are dayes inthcyeare. It isfarre more admirable then
the Roman Tantheon : The worke of that being grofle , folid , and cafie for a vvorkc-
niantoconceiue. But this i'op^ww Temple is more fubtle to the view of the eye and
minde. It hath two rowes of Pillars each ouer other, thofe vpper ones furporting i\\t
hemifphere,loouer,orftccple, which is wrought all with Mufaikc worke , garniilied
with gold and azure. The doores or gates are coucrcd with fine Latten of Corinth :
one of which (they imagine) was made of the wood oiT>{oahs Arke. And therefore
there are in it three places left vncouered for the dcuouter people to kifle , for the par-
don of their finnes. It had fometimes sboue three hundred thoufand Ducats of ycar-
lyreuenuc. TheTurkes, when they turkeifcd it, threwdowne the Altars, turned the
Bells into great Ordinance, and either tooke away the Images, or put out their eies,for
• (fay they) God, and not walls and piibliurcs, is to be adored. T^icolas ^ l>{icaLii faith,
that it had in compaffe more then a m ile,w ithjn which were comprehended the houfcs
of Canons & Priclb : of the moft part ofthe Cloifter(bccaufe it was neare the Serailc )
they ' madeaftableforHorfcs; as Co,7/?<?w;/w^ Palace for Elephants; and a Temple
(neare the Tilt-yard, or Hifpodyimus) for wilde beafts , which are tycd to the fcuerall
pillars thereof, Lyons, Beares, Wolues , wilde AlTes, Ounces, &c No Chriflian may
enter into this Mefchit, but he may put his body in at rhc doores end view it: But M"".
Simons faith, they are not now fo(crupulous:for he hath becncfufl-ercd togocin :as
G.Doiifi alfo reportcth of himlelfe. There haue becne at once, in the time oi Baiaz^ft,
numbred thirticand fixe thoiifandTurkesafTembled for deuotion atanEafter-folcm-
nitie. It had in Iitfiimans time Porches or Galleries on both fides , one cf which it
feemeth fcli by fome earthquake. Tlie innumerable windowes and vnfpeakable orna-
ments of the Temple would cafily detayne ourpen as a willing prifoner in the relation
thereof. But befides the ai'.cicnt , P. Gtllius, tJMenaumtts, Tello/iins.Nwolai, Don fa,
and many others haue done it already r neither will my Pilgrimage fuf^-crmee to (lay
long in one place, which.^m to viiitfomany , both here and elfewhcrein theVVorid,
Let vs proceeds therefore to their other Temples : cfpecially feeing tliis is fuch that
none is able to exprefle the exceliencic, nor could eucr worthily exprcflc the leaf} part
thereof. Hee beiides what others haue reported, tclkth of a marble pilicr therein,

which



l_



C.HAP.ii. ASIA. the third 'Booke.



tS9



a N.Nicolay.



b Pol.ohhc
r. £.



which continually fvveatcs forth a certainc liquor, which theTurkes wipe oft" with
their hand-kcrchiefes, as (in their opinion) profitable againfl diuers difcafe?.

C^/4^i»wfrtheconqiierour » buil; oneinlike fafliion without any figures, which
hath about an hundred houfcscoiicred with Lead foriheir DodlorsandPricfts, and
for all Grangers and pilgrims of any Nation or Religion, where they may refrefli them-
fclues, their fcruantSjandhorfcsforthrecdayes, with meat and lodging at freccoft.
There srealfo without the precindt of the Molche an hundred and Hftie other Tene-
ments for the poore of theCitie, which haue there an afrer a day.and as much bread as
they need : but they account that kind oflifc fo vnhappie, that oftentimes thofe Tene-
ments ftand emptie : but the money which fhould this way be beftowed,is fcnt to the
Hospitals of the difcafed. There are alfojiue other Mefchits, in forme refcmbling the
former, but not fo great ncr fo rich. The'reft '' ofthe Mefchits are of diuers forts, fome
high, fome lo w,of feueral! f3{liions.The Turrets,Tpon which their Priefls call the peo-
ple to prayers, are ofa great height, made in manner of watch-towers j their greater
Churchcshauingtwojthclcfieronecfthem. Vponthe topsisfct an halfe Moone or
Crcfccnt, which is the Turkes cnfigne, as the Crofle is vfuall to the Chriftians. Within
their Temples they haue no kindeot ornament^, but bare walks, with Arabian Let-
ters (fome m gold) written thereon , fauconcly their bookes, and Lampes burning
withoylc in great abundance, and doachesof Tapeftrie, on the which being fpread
ouer mattes vpon the pauemcnt, they prolhatc thcmfducs in prayer time.

TheirHofpitals they call yw<?r«j;otthefc there arc great vfcjbecaufe they want Innes
in the Turkes dominions. They found them for the relicte ofthe poore, and of Trauel-
lers, where they haue food allowed them ( differing according to the vfe oftheplace )
and lodging places, without beds. They are open for the mo(t part to all men of all re-
ligions. The chiefe Hofpitals in Turkic, are in Connantinople : two of which Mtiho-
wf r and Baiaz^et his fonne founded.Both thefe haue about fiue and twentic round Tur-
rets couercd with Lead; one of which, being in the middeft ofthe other,is larger and
greater then the reH,andvi-der are lodgings for thePricfis: On one fide arc beds for
Pilgrims andTrauellers, on the other for Lepers. Thrice a day may any rr»an refort
thither into a certainc place for meat.Thcre are maintained fourteene Doftors of their
Law. Some fay that the reucnues of Mahomet sHoi'pkM amount to an hundred and
fiftiethoufand ducats, andthe other as much or more. Each ofwhichhath alittlc
Chappcll adioyningjin which the Founders are buried; who were at this great charge,
that the Pricfts and fuch as arc there refreflied fhould pray for their foulcs,and fay, yf/-
la 'Schfmetilefex : that is. God haue mercic on them. Se/im finiflied that which Baia-
z,et his father had bcgunne to build. But his fonne Soliman ercdted one farre furpalTing
1 the former. Orc^iiwf^ was the Srft of thcfcO?r«»*<<» Princes which founded Monafte-
rics. Mahomet the firft finilLed "^ the great Temple at Hadrianople, the feat Royal! of
the Turkes in Europe before Conftantinople was wonne. He built alfo, befidcs a Pa-
lace, another Temple with a moftfumptuous Abbey, and a publike Schoole adioy-
ning, endowing the fame with great reucnues. He alfo gauc great fummes of money
to be diftributed ycarely at Mecca and Mcdina,for the rclicfe of poore Pilgrims. ^ Sa-
lmon ere Sted, inmcmoriall of A£ilm me this cldefl fonne, a (lately Tombe, a fumptu-
ous Church,a Monaftcrie and Colledge, with other things for the health of his foule.
He was buried hirnfelfe in a Chappell which he had in his life-time built moftfiately
with a Colledge and Hofpitall,and his wife /lOAro/^^^i, andfomeofhis muitheied chil-
drcn lying intombcd by him : his Scimatar alfo hanging by him, in token that he died
in warres,which honor they grant not otherwifcto their Princes, The reucnues ofthe
countrcy about Sigeth in Hungarie (lately wonne from the Chriftians) were giuen to
themaintcnance of thofe houfcs which his deuotion had founded. Neither is it law-
full for them to conuert any Lands toluch facred vfes,except they haue firft with their
owne fvvord w or.nc them from the enemies of their religion ; the moft acceptable fer-
uiceto their Prophet. And therefore ^f/^w the fccond, fonne and Cuccefiowvof Soh.
man, intending to build a magnificent Teinple, and munificent Colledge, Monaftcrie
and Almcs-houfe at Hadrianople, where he intended his Sepulchre, brake his league
with the VenetianSjand wan Cyprus from them,that thence hemight endow the fame

with



c jQtoU.TaT-'
kilhHift.



d Whofoeuer
willreade of
the Temples,.
Hofpitals, CqI-
kdges, &.C.
founded by
their Kings,IeE
him reade /,e»
unclau. zcihe
end of the life
of cueiy Sul-
tan, in the end
oihis fcucrall
bookes, where
he rektcth
them at large,
Hift.MiiJH'.mutt.



2 06 Of the religious places amon^fi the TurksSjZjrc. Chap .II.



with maintenances But it were tedious to infift further in declaring their cxpences,
which deuotion in all Turkic hath procured: their Emperours and Bafla'scftccming
nothing of more honor in the world,or merit for heauen. Let vs come to their Church-
rites and ceremonies.

The Temples in Turkic are (as hath bcenefaid) innumerable , both publike, and
priuateofmeanerbuildings: on which isaTowcr, as with vs a Steeple , whereupon
" And.Ariuab. the* Mwtdeie OTThalifmanzkendcth : and it being open with pillars orfourcwin-
dowes, firft he goeth to that on the Eaft-fide, and callcth the people to prayer with a
lotnnesrhefau- loudc voice, flopping his cares with hii. hands, crying: There is no God but one , and
rariusRcg.Fratt. (J^fahumet hisMeffenger: come to make prayer for remiflion of your finnes, and
know that there is no (tronger then the God oi /ylahumft his mcflcnger. Thishec
faith in order od eucry fide of the fteeple. If there be in the Citie many Mofchees,thc
Cathcdrall beginncth, and then all the other Parifliionall follow. This they doc fiue
timesaday, and on Friday their Sabbath fixe times. Firlt at funne rifing with foure
bendmgs to the earth, and twice praying. The fecond, about noonc with ten bow-
ings, and fiue prayings ; the third, at afternoone before funne. fet , with eight inclma-
tions and foure prayings. The fourth , with fiue bcndings and three prayings about
funne-fet. Thefift, longer thcnthcrcft, withfifteene bowings, and eight prayings.
This bending or bowing they call £r/E^ff, which is a doubled bowing with profirating
himi'clfe: their prayer they call C^alamet , which they make fitting after eueryfri^ff,
with a falutation on the right hand and on the left,and the imprefiicn or figne ofpeace,
which is done with bringing both hands ouer the face. Eucry Bufurman is bound to
refort to thefe their Liturgies at his Panfliionall Mefchitc, except he haue fome lawful!
a Septemcajlr. impediment : and if not at all of them, yet at Icaft at one to be well waflied, for which
f ^'f''''"r* purpofe they haue innumerable Bathes in Turkic flately built: normay any enter into
the fecret theTcmple, efpecially is the morning, but firft well waflied in the Bathe,as is faidbc-
wafliingof fore : and if he kccpcth him cleane the reft of the day, that wafhing will ferue: but => if
their fccrets, he haue coiiimitted any carnall finne,or be any way foiled,or haue eaten any vncleanc
*"^'u^^ j'°"fu ^^'"§' ^^^" *'^ ^""^^ fecret place be wafheth his hands and armcs to the elbow, his hin-
their handes '^^^ P^"^" ^^^'^ priuitics, and this fufficeth without going to Bathe, except he beother-
face and the' Wife polluted. For defe6t herein they haue inquifitions , and appointed penalties ; re-
reft.cach three fpe6l or pardon being giuen to none that faile, efpecially on Friday, and in their Lent:
times, obfer- fuch a one is carried about the Towne with a boord faftened to his neck,all be-hangc«l
uing equally w'ithFoxc-tailes , befides a pcnaltie according to his ftate in monie: and hec that will
muTiber'^aiid "°'- ^^"* order himfelfe, fliall not be allowed their buriall rites. After they are thus wa-
faying the flied, they put oft" their fliooes in imitation of A/e/tf/, and then enter into the Mefrhit-
Pfalme Eleache ta, where the fioore is couered with Mats or Carpets , nor is any other thing Teencbut
Motteohi afj'ro, white walls , and great ftorc of burning Lamps, and in golden Arabian letters thofe
ihet*^Srfoi ' wordes before mentioned.

orcUw. There is a Pulpit on which the Choza or Focquiafcendcth , and the firft thing hec

c La iliah,illc- doth is to ftretch out his hands at large , and then ioyning them together he kneeleth
lab Mahomet ir- and kiflcth the ground : then hec lifterh vp his head, and ftopping his cares with his
rcUil aUbtamc hands ftandinga good fpaceas itwere *di/?ra<3ed orrauifhedinhispraiers, aftcr,lif-
jrptga crhac) tjpgyp his hands, he againe kifleth the ground fo many times as the houre of prayer
flratto inora- according to that former rule requireth: and then lifting vp himfelfe againc.hc ftretch-
tione. cth out his hands againe, fo ftanding about a quarter of an houre,and againe kneeling

d Their dciio- with his mouth to the ground, fo continueth mouing it eucry way about a Pater-ncjler

non,filence, while, and then lift ngvp his head, and fcttine his hands to his cares, falls to his pray-
honcftie.and . i f l \i i, ^■ r \, l, i j t - .. ■

ordeiisfuch mg anotner quarter otan hourc, and then licenletn the people to depart. Thercisno

faith Septecafl. noife heard "^ as if there had becne nothing within. Not fo religious is their courfe

that I cannot (and yet that religion admits it) which Adartin 'Braidenbach reporteth to be pradf ifed

but admire, by them in a Mofthee on Mount Sinai where UHofes receiucdtheLaw: which the

comparing it Saracens vfe to "et therein Prophets, thinking the ifl'uc there gotten is holy.aud full of
with the ton* , _ , . /p. . . r ' o s» i>

trarieiiuhc thcFrophcticail fpint.

Churchesof cJWf««t//»o thus defcribcth their rite?. After their myfticall wafhing (as before)
Chriftiaus, they goc with afoberpacc to theMefchit (notlikc one which runneth away) andif

he



Chap. II. ASIA. The third ^ooke.



|oi



he happen to brcake vvinde by the way, his former wafliing is vnfufficient and he miift
returne co renew it. Being alTcmblcd in the Mcfchit,thcy all turne their faces = South-
wards, and the MeizinorMuetdcn, (Claikc, Scxtcn, Pricft, BcU'ringer, or Belli a-
thcr) Ikndcth vp and readcth that Pfalme which bcforchehadcrjed tothemin the
iieepie, and cuery one (bndethvp holding his hands fa/tencd to his wafte, and bow
their heads to their feet with great rcuerence and without ftirring . Then arifcth ano-
ther Priett of another order called /w^w, andreadetha Pfalme aloude , theMcizinas
his Clarke anfwering, which being ended they fall onthc ground and {iy,SabanalUy
SiihitnAlU., Sahan alU, that is, God haue mercie on vs mofl: wretched finners, abiding
proflratc till the Prieft fmam fingeth againe his Pfalme , and then they rife. And this
they doe foiirc or fiuc times according to the order of their feruice. After this they all
kneelc and proflratc themfelucs on the ground , theMeizin obferuing a long ccrcmo-
nie, in which with a loudc voice hcprayethGod to infpirethe Chriftians, lewesj
Grcckes,and generally all Infidels to tutnc to their Law. This being faid, euery man
hfccth his hand to hcaucn, crying 3loudc,y^w»»,^w/« : and then they touch their eies,
or wipe them with their hands, (which is, as eroding among the Papifts , a blefiing
themlelucs) bringing their hands ouer their face , and fo they depart. In the Englifh
Treatife of the Turkifh Policic thefe things arc related, with fome other ceremonies :
as that they fay together with the Priefl the firft A^^oara or chapter of the Alcoran &c.
"Bartholorr.ttus '^ Georgtottitx^ faith , that only the chicfe fort are bound to aflemblc to
the daily deuotions which they obferuc fiuc times a day; others which cannot fpare
the times are not tyed. On their Sabbaths it is othcrwife.

The women enter not their Mefquitas but on Friday es at nine a clock, or at Eafter>
and then they are inaGallcrieorTcrafle apart, where they may fee and not bee feene,
and this is not common to all , but the Wiues and Mothers of the chiefe of the place.
And as we haue faid of the Prieft , fo it is to be vnderliood that all the Men and Wo-
men there doe the fame without faiHng in any point. They fuffer not « a Chriftian to
enter therein : and yet will they enter into the Churches of the Chrinians to hcare the
Church. mufick. The women abide in their Churches from nine of the clock to mid-
nightjContinually praying with certainc motions & ftrange cries, continuing fo long
in this a(!:l,that they fall vpon the ground as in a fwounc through we3rineflc:aDd if any
fcelchcr felfe at that time to be with child, the Tuikcs hold that they are conceiucd by
the holy Ghoft, and prc/cntly vow that child to God, and call fuch Nefecs Ogli, that
isjfonnesofthcholy Ghoft. And on Friday at nine of the clock the Prieft vfeth to
preach to the people : andtheletheirdifcourfeslaft about two hourcs. That which is
faid is not very manifeft , yet they fay that hcpreacheth the miracles oi Mahomet, fome
time exalting their faith, (ometimc commending obedicncc.and fometime rehearfing
fabulous talcs to terrific the bad,as that fuch mens foulesare carried of certaine Ca-
rnels(there being f6me fixe thoufand flying about in the ayre for this purpofe)into the
Sepulchres ofwicked ( hriftians, and that thegoodChiiftians arc put in their emptie
Sepulc! res/inueighing againft the blafphemers of Aifahcma, Chrift and the Saints.ex-
horting to almes,rchc3rfing their commandementsof their. w.Andif they preach fcan-
dalousdoftrine,the Mufti and theCadilefchcrdepriue them, & corrcc; them as here-
tikes:yea,fome ofthcm , forprcfcrring Chrift betore yW<?/jcwff,are put tode:th; of
which one iLraimSchec a Prieft of Conftantinople ( reported to haue wrought mira-
cles amongft the Turkes in i\\tdi\isofSoliman) wasftoned todcath,his head cut oftj
and his bodie burned ; and of his Difciples fome were beheaded, others thruft into the
Gallies/or preferring Chrift,and Acr\y\x\^Mahcmet. And were it not for the terrour of
the fword there would be more innouations of religion: and iome haue perfwadcd the
Grand Signior, not to fuft'er the Alcoran to be fo common to be read & interpreted of
fuery one ; guilty of the abfurdities therein contained.But to returne. Afcr this prea-
ching endedjtwo yong Clarks goe vp to him,& fing certainc pr3yers,which ended,the
Prieft againe beginneth to fing with the people in a bafe voycc , with wrigling eueric
way for the fpace of haife an houre,faying nothing but Z..J «//«//-, //i?//<//;, that is, there is
but one God. And thefe ceremonies are done only on their Lenten fridaics.Their Lent
is one Moone oi moncth in the year,v,'hich/if this year it be i«/j',thc next it flialbe Aui



a They pray
towards MzC-
c.T, as the IcW
cowaid:> Ici'U-
falcm.



b Bar.Georgio-

-jif^.

i. h'obUs dr gli

ocieji.



c Some fay
they arc nov*
Icfle curious
in this point.



Dd



i^'fit



^ ox Of the Turkip? Ljtur^k or puhl'tke praters. Chap .Ii.



gxft.ii fo in order : that in twclue years they hauc faftcd all times of the yeare,making
no other difference of meats then at other times , but eating only in the night. They
' IQioU. Tur. prepare 'thcmfelucs by diminifhing their fare (notas theChriftiansatShroue-tide)
Riji.p.jn. that they may the better endure it : for on the day, in which they faft, they will not fo
much as taftc a cup of water, or wafli their mouthes thcrewith.till the ftarres appeare:
And eight or ten dayes after it beginneth, fome Officers ride about the To wne, cry-
ing; Such adaybegioDcth the Faft, prepare yee,, prepare yee ; and when it is begun,
the Cadi and Suba{fi, if they finde anyiliops open, or any body eating in the day, fct
him ou an Aflc backwards, with the tailc in his hand, as Adulterers are puniflied. Nei-
ther will they fuffer lewcs or Chriftians to fcandalife their Turkes this way. And when
their Lent is ncare the end , they goe all to the Bathes and pluck off all their hjires, but
of the head and beard, with an ointment for that purpofc : they colour their nailes red
with an enduring colour called fhua , with which they die alfo the tailes and feet of
theirhorfes; and the women their hands, feet, and priuie parts. This they doe in ho-
nour of their folemnity.which lafteth three daies with great feafting,in w hich nothing
elfc but meates and drinkcs may be fold. They goe to the Sepulchres of the dead there
toeate, full ofgladncfle, and falutc each other, laying; 'B»arAm glHtiocz^eng, thatis,
GodgiueyouagoodFeaft: and if they meetewitha lew or a Chriflian, woevnto
t Thisfecond them. TheTurkeskcepe 'another Eafter,efpecially in Mecca, more folcmne to ihc
Eafteris called Tartars, Moores,and Arabians, then to the Turkes, except the Pilgrims, which refort
chMuihairam. thither. The Turkes fay they arc "• circumcifcd, becaufe they are the fonnf $ of JJmnel^
d Circumci. ^^j becaufe they may be clcanc when they goe to their Temples, no filth lying hid vn-
dcr the skinnc. At feuen or eight yeares of age, or later, this ceremonie is performed.
The firft thing they doe, is, to inuitemany thither, both Turkes,Ievves, and Chriftians,
befides the fnends and kinred, to make the greater gainc, eucry one giutng fomewhat
according to his abilitie. When the day is come, they which arc inuited mount oa
e Nofolera- horfe-back, forclfeit ii'nofolemnitie, and goeto thehoufeofthechild, who being
nitie without mounted on a fairehorfe richly clothed with a greatTuUipanton his head , ii carried
horfes. to Church with a long fpcare borne before him. hauing a torch on the top worth t

crownc, more or Icfl'e , according to the flatc of the partie , adorned with Rofcs and
Garlands, which with the fpearc is left a gift to the Churth , the fees of the Pricft : all
the way they found on inftrumentstaftcrthe fonnefollowcththefatIier,thckinred,and
the reft of the friends, that fometimes there arc a hundred horfe; at Church they alight
and accompanie the child to the Prieft, whichwaitethfor them. Here one of the
friends fitteth downc, and on his lap the child is fct : prcfcntly another pulleth off his
ftioocs, another holdcth his hands, and others his feet , and many hold him in talkc
with wordes, and thefe arc the Goflips. The Prieft feeing all things ready, taketh the
end of the skinne of his yard,and draweth it out, and nippeth it with filuer Pinfers , f»
to mortifie it, and cut it off with Icflc painc : then making him beleeue he will deferre
it till the next day, he rifcth, the other holding him faft: and after, as if he had forgot
fomewhat to be done about it, with fizzers, w hich he holdcth clofcly in his hand , fo-
dainlycuttcth it off, and another layeth thereon a certainepowlder to cafe the painc,
and in fine and twentie dates they looke to the curing of it,laying on it fait and marma-
lade of Quinces, and thence forwards he is called a Adufulman, But his name is not



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 61 of 181)