Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 62 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 62 of 181)
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then giuen him , but at his birth, and that according to their qualitic.

After the child is loofcd, who to flicw himfelfc of courage , fmileth, and lifting
vp hi^ greateft finger faith thofe former words of their profeflion, and is againe moun-
ted, and all the companie , after a little prayer and offering at the Church, with like
pompeconueighhim home, where is great feafting ptouifion ; fome fcaft it three
dayes together.

^murath circumcifcd his fonnc tJ^Ahometzi fixtcene yeares old. Vnto which (o-

' lemnitie many Chriftian Princes were folemnely inuited , who fent thither their Am-

baffadors with prefents,who had there their fcaffolds prepared for them,and furniftied

according to their ftates. The folemniticlaftcd/brtie dayes, and fortie nights, in the

iKitoS.^a.9iT. great Market-place of Conflantinople. And to end thefe f folemnities, Mahometthe

Prince was circumcifcd, not publikcly, but in hii fathers chamber, hy (J^echmet one



C H A P . 1 X . ASIA. The third 'Bookd


of the \nfcuor B.ijfaet, fometime the EiT)pcrour5o/)'Wd«j- Barber. Ancf itisdoneofo-
ther Tiirkes alfo moft commonly in the lathers houfe, not in the Church.

The Women-children about the fame ageamong other women without other (b-
lefpnitie, f^y oucr thofe wordes, L^ illah, &c. and likewife the rencgado-Iewes ; but
the Chrillian renegadoes are carried about the flreets of the Cities, with much lolem- Ceergitult'^
n tie, and many gifts giuen them,befides frcedome from tribute: many blinded by co-
uctouflicffe offer themlelucs to this circumcifion. But if any for blafphemic againft
(JMahomct, or iniuricto a Turkc,bee by force circumcifed , they haue no fuch gifts :
which puniflimcnt the Cadilefcher (by the teflimonieoftwo accufingTurkes) inftf-
ftcth. And therefore topreuent the fame,the Chriftians obtayne the grand Scigniours
fafe conduit, that in cafes of confcicnce they may not be iudged of any , except they
wcreaccufed at the Court before the fouie £^j^*/, and the Cadilefcher of Conftan-
tinople, and that by the witnefle of Prielts only which had not in twcluc yearcs
drunke wine.

C H A p. X I I.

of the Sepulchres, FunenU-rites^ andopiniem touching the dead,
among theTurkesi

O w, if you be we.irie of viewing their Temples, and their prayers, and
other ceremonies feeme tedious, I haue thought fit to prefent you
with another fight, and to conclude with (that which is the concluhon
of ail flcfli ) a difcourfe of their Funeralls. When » a Turke is fick
and like to die , his friends rifit him, and putting him in minde of hi^
finnes, aduife him with a penitent heart to bewaile them. Then doe
ccrtaine of their Priefts, or one of his kinfmen,readcfomePfalmesand Prayers. And
if the pangs of death doe Ihll continue, they bring him the Alcoran,or Curaam.wher-
inisonc Legend called ThebaraEchelez^i, which they readefcuen times: and if hce
fhall die of that licknefTe, they thinke hee will die before they haue thrice read it : and
if they fee breath flill remaine.thcyreadcanotherPfalmeeallcd lafwnel CHrmil He-'
cm, to thccnd that the Deuill caufc no impediment to his foule. When he is dead,they
lay him forth in the middeft «Df the houfe vpon Carpets,;and place him on his right fide,
' with his face toward the South. Then doe afl'emble certaine Priefls to burie him,'' who
bring with them a firing of Beades ( fijch as the Papifls vfe in mumbling and numbc-
lingtheir detiotions) being a thoufandofthem^ oi Itgnttm aloes , and therewith com-
paflc the body, and then fay to cuery one SuLahan ^lla , that is , God haue mercie on
him, and turne it about fbure or fiue times. After this, their Priefts (which arc twen-
tic or more) canie the corps into the Garden,and lay it on a Table two hands breadth
from the ground , taking away his fhirt, and couering his fLame with a new cloth
made of fine bombaft, with warmc water and Cope wafli him from top to toe: then
doe they take tw© fhects of bombaff, in w hich they wrap the corps, wetting the fame
with rofe-w3ter, perfumes, and odoriferous things, and laying him on the Bcere , co-
ucr him qn te ouer with his bell garments , placing his tuibantat the head thereof, all
bedecked w ith floures. Then doe the Pnefts bcginne their deuotions,and fome of the
companie take vp the Beere, carryingthe fame with the head forwards to the Mefchit:
the kinfiDen follow, and the women remaine at home weeping, andmakercadic to
cate for the Priefls. When they come to the Church, they fet him downe wiihout
doorcs, and gocand make an end of their fcruicc. After that, they carrie him forth of
the Citie to the buriall place • (for it is not lawfull to burie in their Cities) fome prouide
their Sepulchres in their life time, fome haue them made after by their friends, either in
theirCardens, or fome folitarie place: They haue alfo common buriall places, as arc
our Church-yards, wherein are many Tombes of marble, brick,or other matter,accor-
li the deceafed were a man of high condition, his horfes arc led with his corps, and

Dd J hii

a MeT/ai'tna i^
the TuikiQj

man which is
deadjthc wo-
men take this
care & paines
about itjto lay
herfouh, &C.

^ 04 Of their Sepulchers^ Funerall-^tes^ <isrc. Chap .11.

his Tombe is adorned with many Epitaphs.And if he were a great Commandcr,thofc
horfes are fadled (he contrarie way, and richly furnifhcd , hauing cercaine things han-
ged at theirnofcs which caufe them to neigh, as it were lamenting the lofle of their
Maftcr. They carry alfo the truncheons of their Lances with their Standards and En-
fiones.trailingalongthe ground. Thercare planted alfo about their Sepulchres vio-
lets and other plcafant floures. The common fort hauc theirTombes of marble engra-
uen w ith letters.

When they are come to the place, with thofe flicets they let it into the graue,cou€^
ring him on eu ery fide with boordcs, only on the face they lay a little earth , and there
Icaue him, and returne home, where they findc ftorc of chearc, and there make a praiet
a Z.ii.1. forhisfoule. > G^crg'/ow/f*- faith,that they make ouer the grauc the forme of an Altar,

leftthebeaftsfhould goe ouerit, and defilcit. They alio often rcpairc thither with
leares, and fet on the monument flefh, bread, wheate,egs,milke,&c. which is done
for the dead mans foulc in almes to the poorc, or to the birds, or ants, which they alfo
account an ad of mcrcic, no leffe meritorious then the other. The Priefts hauc fiuc
afpcrs a peece giuen them for their paines. And if thepartie be poore,they gather mo-
nie, to pay the Priefts, and to difcharge the funeralls. They weare blacks eight dayes
in token of mourning : and thofe that are of great account,three dayes : at which time
the friends of the dead affemble, and vfing fomc wordes of mutual! confolation, from
thenceforth refume their wonted habite. Howbeit their kindred, fpecially of the fe-
lt Belloa.lib.j. male fexc, often rcpaire to the graues to lament there, Bellomw'mh\s Obferuat.^ oh-
cap.s, ferueth , that they few not the fheet at the head nor at the feet. The rcafon is , their

dreame of certaine Angells, fent in commiffion prefently after the buriall, to examine
the deceafed partic,into whom they fay God hath then put a new fpirit. Thefc Angels
C^fcnaviuo calls Nech& and '^emenchir, who come with dreadfull countenances and
burning fire-brands , and examine him of his life, which if they findc wicked , they
fcourgc him with fierie whips, if good, they become goodly Angells, and comfort
him. BeUonitu a little othcrwifctcUeth, that thofe Angels (which he callethCw/jwew
^Hir and CMangir ) come , the one with an yron hammer , the other with a hookc,
which (et the corps vpon his knees, and put a new foule into it; and then aske if hee
haucbelieued Mahntnet and obferued his precepts,if he haue done good workes jkcpt
their Lent, paied hisTithes , giuen almes. Of which , if bee can giuc good account,
they depart from him, and twaother Angells come in their places, white as fnow, and
one of them puts his armes, in ftead of a pillow.vnder his hcad.thc other fits at his feet,
and defends him Tntill the day of iudgement. But if hee fatisfie not the demands of
thofe black Angells , hee with the yron mallet ftrikcs him at one blow therewith nine
fadome vndcr the ground : and neither of them ccafeth, the one with his hammer, the
other with his hooke, to torment the deceafed partic vntill the day of iudgement. For
this caufe the Turkes write vpon their dead carkaflcs the name Croco , and make their
Sepulchres hollow , that they may haue roome to kneelc , and fome lay boords oucr,
that no earth fall in. The fcarc hereof makes them in their morning prayer to fay;
LordGod,fromthequeftioningofthe two Angells, the torment of the graue,and the
euill iournic, deliucr mc, Amm. Yea, hence arc the prayers which the Turkes , Men
and Women, fay at the graues of the dead, for deliuerie from thefe Angels.

Concerning the day of iudgement , they « hold that there is an Angeji ftanding in

Heaucn mmtd I frafhil, holding alway a Trumpet in his hand prepared againft God

command, to found the conlummation of the World. For at the found thereof, alC

Men and Angells fhall die, for fo they findc it written in their <* CuraAnu, which

Booke is of high authoritic with them. The Turkifh Doftors would diffent from

that opinion of the Angells mortalitie , if this Booke would giue them leauc : for

to contradift the authoritie thereof is puniftied with fire , or clfe their Tonguei

arepuUedout of their heads. They hold, that after this difmall found fhall bee a

compaiing the great Earthquake , which (hall tumble Mountaynes and Rocks from their places, and

textoftheone grindethcm tomeale. After this, God will returne to make anew the light, and the

of fliToth «!"' Angells as before, and will caufe to fall a plcafant raine called Rehtmet (m, that is, the

rainc of mcrcie : and fo fhall the earth reniainc fortic dayes, although thofe dayes fliill


>o.ii. 11.13,

d The Turkifh
Curiam doth
not agiee in
all things with
the Alcoran, ai

C H A P«» 2- ASIA. The third 'Booke: 305

be of a larger fize then thefe. Many alfo holcic,that from thenceforth there fliall be no
liarkncfTe of the night,as now, but that i t fliall be moft clearc ; ncy ther fhall there need
anymoreflecpe for the fiiftcntation of our bodies.

After forticdayes God will command Jfraphil to found his Trumpet the fccond
timc,atvvhich found all thedcad ofhallbcraifedagaineby the will of God, the dead o Thcrefur-
eiien from y4^("/to the end ofthe world, throughout all the earth, hcarino the found ^cftion.
thereof,and rifing in manneras they were buried. Amongft them fhall be feenc diuers
faces and countenances,fome fliining as the Sunne,rM3ny like thcMoone.many ss the
Starres. Others fliall be obfcure and darkc.and others with hoggcs faces, with fwolnc
tongues.Thcnfhalleucry onecrieiVfj^,A'f;!77, thatiSjWoeis me wretch who haue
fufFered my felfe to be ouercomc with my filthie lufts.Thc Angels fhall with their fin-
gers point at the fjces which {hine, which are they that haue wrought good workes,
and fliall fiiew them to one another. The wicked fliali haue enuy thereat. They fay,
that thof: with faces like hogs.are fuch as haue bin vfurcrsj and tnofc with the fwolne
tongues.liers andblafphcmers. There fhall be others trodenvnder foote,to wit, the
proude perfons of this world, God, fay they, will then demand account of the Kings,
Princes, Emperors,and Tyrants.whichvfeopprcflion andviolence. PThen fhallGod p The iudgo-
diuidethis raifed company into feucnty p2rts,all which fhallbc examined, prefenting raent,
their fins before their cyes,and all that they haue in this world done well or ill : wherto
he fliall need no teftimony ; euery member bearing witnes againft it felfe of the deeds,
yea,and very thoughts. There fliall be alfo Aiichael the Angel,holding in his hand the
ballance of diuine iuftice,and fliall weigh foule$,& diftinguifli the good from the bad.
There fhall be Mofesmih his Siandard,vnder which fliall all the obferuers of his lawe
be aflembled, Ncare to him fliall be lefus Chrift,the fon of the virgin M^ry, with ano-
ther ^rcat Standardise al his Chrifti3ns,thc obferuers of his faith.On the other fide flial
be MJjomet with his ftandard and faithful Mahumetans : they which ha\ie done good
fiialbe all gathered vndcr the faid ftandards, where they fliall haue a pleafant fliadow ;
the reft flialbe extremely fcorched by the heat of the Sun, according to the meafurc of
their finnes.Thus flial both parts abide, till God flial pronounce his eternal fentence.
When thatdoomcis pronouncedjthe Angels fhall flanddiuided in fquadronsall alike
adornedjthcSeraphins on one fide.theChcrubins on the other: of the which.oncparc
flial found inftruments of diuers forts,and the other flia^fing hymnes : and many fliall
fiaiid at the gates of Paradife,finging & gratulatmg the blcffcd foules which haue ob-
fcrued the diuine Precepts ; Chriftians,Ievvs,Tutks,& Moor5,being all of cquall beau* Paradifc,
ty & beatitudcjf they haue don wcll.But (inners flialbe known afu; der, Tliey affirivie
alfojthat God wil giue thofe foules of Paradife a large fpace in heauen for their euerla-
flinghabit3tion,good!y & fliining.They lliaf elfo haue ^^r^cA/jSunbeames.on which
they may ride and take their view round about Paradife,of the prctious dehghts ther-
iii.There flial chcy haue pleafant fruits, and if they eate one apple, two fhall grow in
the roome ; and to quench their thirft,they fliall haue riucrs cleare as cry (lall, fweet as drinking of which their fight 8? vnderftanding flial increafe, in fach fort, that
they flial fee from one Pole to the other,The meats which they catc^fhal confume by a
fubtile kind of fweat. Further they fay.they fhall haue their women called ^n, that is,
fliiningjwhich fliall euery day be Virgins, with which they fliall continue for cuer.
Neyther fliall there be any danger of oldc age ; the men alway being as of thirty years
olde,the women of fiftccnc or twentie.Thofe three Standard-bearers flialbe the prin-
cipall,each of them hauingapecuHar part of Paradifc a/figned him for his dominion,

Thofe vvhich for their bad deeds fliall be condemned to hell,fliail be all known by Hclt
proper names, which they fhall beare in their foreheads: and they fhal bcare the num-
ber and greatncffe of their fins on their flioulders. Thus fliall they be led betwcene
two mountaines where Hell is fituate,at the mouth whereof is a moil venomous fer-
pcnt : and from one mountaine to another is a bridge thirty miles long , which is {o
nifldc,thattheyafcendonthe6fftpart, the other part is plaine, the laft dcfcendeth.
This bridge (fay thcj') is made ofthinneyron and fharpc:( they call it Strat Cuf/iJJi^
that is.thc bridge of luftice.) Vpon this fliall parte the finners with the hcauy w eight
fifthcirfinncsvpon their ftiouldeis: and they which haue not bcene altogether euill

D«J 3 ftiaU


^ o6 Of the religious Votaries among the Turkes^<tjc. Chap .1 5.

fhall not fall into Hell, but into Purgatorie : but the other fhall fodaincly be plunged
into the bottom of Hell, where they fhall burne, more or lefle, according to the quan-
titicofthe fire ofiheirfinnesjwhich they haue carried out of this world : and after the
burning they tunic to be refrefhed,and prefentlyagaine to the fire. In the middes of
Hell they fay is a tree full of fruit,cucry apple being like to the head of a Diuell, which
growethgreenc in the midded of all thofe flames, czWcA Zoaccum j^gacct, or the tree
ofBHterneffe, and the foules that fhall eate thereof, thinking to rcfrcfh themfelucs,
fhall fo finde them,and by them and their paines in Hell.they fhall grow madde. And
the Diuels fhall binde them with chaines of fire and fhall dragge them vp and downc
throughhcil.Thofefoules which fometime fhall name God in their ayde, they fay,
aftermany yeares, fhall goe into Paradife; and none fhall remaine in Hell, but fuch
as dcfpaire of their faluation and Gods mcrcie. Thusfarre J^(f»<?»«w. To this agrec-
»e!len.ebfcru. eth Bellomtti,zx\A addeth.that in the day of Judgement, they beleeuc a refurrciJtion of
/ift.j.Mp.s.Re- the Birds and Beafts : and that the Rammes which they kill at their Eafler , fliallgoe
^rreftion of ■ ^^^.^ Paradifc : and therefore, though one fhould ferue, they kill many. For the Booke ,
oiZuna faith, that thofe Rammes fhall pray for their Sacrificers in the day of ludge-
ment. Ittel eththattheStarres arehanged intheayre by golden chaines, to watch
le(t the Diuels fhould learr.c the feacts ofParadife,and reuea'c them to Sooth- faycis.
Alio, that the Ramme which y^/'r^/j.Jw offered in lleadot hisfc nc, wasa blacke one,
•which had beene nouriflied fortieyeares inParadifc;tha', ALih. fhall be turned at the
end ofthe world into aR,imme; and thcTurkes into Fleas; whom he fhall carry flic-
king to him,out of Hell into ParadifCjand there fhakc them off, where they fhaf again
receiiiC the formes otTurkes: That he fhall wsfhihcm with the water of that Foun-'
taine in Paradife, to p'lrgc the blackenefle which they got by the fcotching of Hell,
frono whence he will dchuct all good Turkcs.

Chap. XIII.
dfthereligiofts Votaries amongfi theTurkes, una ef their Saints.

'O proceed vrto the differences of opinion amongft the Turks : Septcm-
(r.<i?>-«7/;/ (who liucd very many yeares amongft them) faith, that al-
though they confcnt againft Chrifi- yet doe they much difl'ent among
thenifelu s.wrcfting the Akomn to their purpofcs, and fcarccly one of
a hundreth agreeing with his fellow about tJMAhomet and their Lawe.
And be 'des their differences in Ceremonies, there are, faith he, fourc
feitsdiffrriug in maine grounds ot Religion ; which would not be ap^eafed without they feared not thr higher power, and were not thctcbv kept in awe. One
of thcfe leils is that ofthe Priefls^hold ng that none can be faucd , but by the I.awc of
Mdhomet. Thefecond,of hcirreligious DcrmfchUr, reputed the Succeffors ofthe
Saints, the friends of God and Adahomet , who arc of opinion , that the Lawe profitetK
nothing.but the grace of God : and thefe ground their opinions on miraculous iliufi-
ons,ofwhich hereporteth one in the time o^ Amitr^th the fecond, who examining
this contention betwixt thefe Seculars and Regulars, and being purpofcd to giue fen- '
lenccin the behalfc ofthe Prrefts, and againHthe religious, one oithefc Dcrmfchler
a Vifions and aappearingtohimin aVifion, (others alio ground Faith on Vifions ) and deliuering
Avpantions a- him out ofa great danger,altcred his minde : for going to the ftoolein the night, the
Turkes a's well Coords gaue way,and he fell in,ftaying on a crofle timber, where this religious man in
as among the their wonted habite appeared to him, and bid him now vfethehelpcof his Prieftsfor
Papifts. hisdeliuerance. This after foaffecfted the King, that himfelfc became a religious man

till the neceflitie of State-affaires compelled him to refume his gouerncment. (He that
lifteth may compare with th.\i,DuyjFians deuifes for his Regulars : ) The third he calleth
C^s/z/jrfpeculatiue men; which Seft is founded on Tradition, holding that they are
fauedbyMerit.withoutLaworGrace. Thefe arc verie earnefl in prayers , neuer cea-
fing J and meeting in the nightjand fitting in a Circle they begin to fay, LajLr tllaUch,


Chap. I J. A Si A. The third 'Booke. 507

with fliaking their heads till they fall downc rcnfcleHc : thcfe three forts arc manifeft
to the people,and as it were of cqua'l efteeme with them: The fourth are called Ho'-ife^
that is,Hcretikes,holding,that eiicry man is faucd in his owne Lawc, and all Lawes to
be alike good to the obferuers ; thefe arc burned if they be taken.

Strange it is, that he reporteth of the miraculous workes of fomc of them, that Miridcs as
thcymay feeme (as he faith) incarnate Diucls: Some going naked, with their priui- wdlwuhth^
lies onely hidden, and fomcof thefe arc impaflible,befides the violei ce of Winter and '^"^^^^ *=" ^'^'
Sunimcr,indunng,likc ftones,the branding withfire, or wounding with fvvord;fome ^'
fcldome eate or drinke.andfome not at all : others, but from hand to mouth : fome
are perpetually (ilent,hauing no conuerfation with men,of which he faith he faw one;
andfome hauetheirfupernaturalltraunccsorrauifhiirents; Ibmc dwell amongftmcn,
fome by themfelues apart , and fome in Wilderneffe : fome keepe hofpiralitie in
Citie^at Icaft to harbour men, if they haue not food for them: fome carryirg abouc
water in leather bagges,giuing it to all, and demanding nothing for the fame , except
any voluntarily gratifie them. Some inhabite at the Sepulchres of the Saints , keeping
thcfamCjandliuingonthevovvcsandoflFerings of the people, not obferuing thtwa-
fliings and ceremonies of the Lawe. As concerning thofc Water-carriers, NichoUi
iV^AoAry faithjthat he hath feene in a morning at Conftantinople fftieof tliofei'^f-
ejtfos (fo he calleth them) in a compJny all furnifhed with their Icrips of leather, full of
Ciftcrnc or Fountaine-watcr hanging on their fide,withicuppes of tine Corinthian lat.«
tin.guilded and damaskined, bearing in the fame hand a Lookmg-glafTe , which they
holdc before the eyes ofthem whom they giue to r'rinkc,-atlmoni(liing them to thinke
on death : and if any giue them any thing.they out of aiVioU cart on their faces fweetc
fmellinj; water. He tellethoffome that would feemc to liuc a folitary life amongft
beafls.buf indeede line in fhops in moft popular CittES, the walls whereof are coucred
with skmsofdiucrsbeafls,ai;dvpon the homes thereof they hang tallow Candles. In Mock-ere-
the midftofthis their facrcdftiopftandeth a ftoolc coucred with a grcenc cloth , and m«es.
vpon the fame a great lattin CandlcrtickcAvithout any Candle. Morci uer,jhey hauc
painied a Cimiterre hung in the middeft in memoty of.Hr./ji \^ho forfooth with his
fword cuttherockes in (under: andthey breed vpwithnhem be ^'Is, as Bui's, Beares,
Harrs.Rauens, Eagles; fo that in ftcad of their liuing withbcaft .beaRs liue with them.
Andif fufficicntbenotbroughttoiheir fhops, they withonc of thefe bealisinchcir
hand goe about the ftreets begging.

In the armieoftheTurkes that aflauked Malta in the ycarci 565. were'' tbirtccne b Knnlp.jgi^
thoufanJofacertaine kinde ofmenamongtttheTuikes, which liue of thereuenucs <= Tuikifli
oftheChurch.whohadatConflantinople <= vowed their Hues for their I'upcrflition. ^"'>
AntomoTanifettai reporteth,that as the Emperors Ambafladori were conueyed from ^'' '^' ^'^'
thcprefenceof the great Turkc to their lodging, by the lanizaries and their ^^/?,
there were amongft them certaine religious mtn, called H^w^j, which vie to follow
the lanizaries, who continually turning about, and in their going finging, or rather
howling certaine Pfalmes or Prayers for the great Sultans welfare , made them won-
der that they tell not downe for giddincflc. And this my friend V^^Simons hath feene
them do,c,t:king one another by the hand in a ring; and fo continuing their whirle-
gigg-deuotions with con;inu3ll turnings (fitly agreeing to fogiddieand brainfickea
Re]igion)till withthegreatapplaufeofTurkes,andadmiraticnot others, Iwcatanda
long-protr:ftcd wearinefTe makes an end ofthir dauncing their round.

But amcngfl all their orders of Rcligioii,iY«£^/^oAM Ntcha/at, <= and before him Afena- e 7^.NJ.^,e.i y
f;'»3,reckonfoure which arc moft common amongft them,!hcG'wwd;7<fr,the Calender^ t^ chriftoib.Ri-'
theDer,aJI,3ndtheTorlachi. ^''"'""•

The ^«<?«>rf;7fr are for the moft part fi ire young men, ofrich houfes, which giue
thcmfeluestotrauell through diuerfe Regions, at other mens charges, vnder colour
ofRcligion; carryingwith them none otherapparrell then a little Caffocke, of pur-
ple colour, girt with a girdle of filke and goldc; vpon the ends whereof hang cer-
taine cimballs offilucr,tTiixtwith fome other clcare-tcundmg mettall : and they doc
ordinarily weare fixe or fcucn of thefe about their girdles, and vnder their knees. In
ftcad of a doake they are couercd with the skinnc of a Lion or Lcopaid,being whoJe


3o8 Of the relipous Votaries amon^ the Turkes,<ij;c, CHAPJ3J.

f Nk.Nic.i6.

g lib.i.e.i:
h Policy of
the Turkifh

i Thisfcemes
to be the fame
hearbc which
Menau'ms cal-
leth Ajferal.

k Biddulphep,
ftecmed belo-
ued of God : if
fuch be Chri-
ftians they cir-
eumcife them
by force, and
efteemc them
Saints, faying,
God hath
made him a
be faucd by
thek moanes.

and inhisnaturallhaire, which they make faftvpontbeirbreaft, by the two former

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 62 of 181)