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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 63 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 63 of 181)
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Ieg<»es. All the reft oftheir bodies arc bare; fauing that they weare great Rings on
the^ earesjand akindcoffandalls on their fcct,thcir haire groweth longlike womens,
didieuclcd ouer their flioulders. They beare in one of their handes a Booke , written
in the Pcrfian language,full of amorous Sonets. And thus with their voyces and cirn-
bals,they make pleafant muficke.efpecially if they mecte fome faire ftripling , whom
theyfetinthcmidflof them, and incompafle with their Morice-mufickc. Thefe are
the Pi/grsms of lone iznd vnder pretext ofReligion doc draw vnto them the hearts of
women and yonglingSjand are called the men of the iffA^;««o//c«if, vnto which or-
der ofReligion youth is prone more then enough. The partakers of ihcir muficke or-
dinarily impart to them oftheir coine.

TheCaknder f is of a contrary profelTion to the former, glorying ofabflinence
andchaftitic, Theyhaue for their dwelling certainclittle Churches , which ithcycall
XfchicjOiicv the gates whereof they doe write thefe or like wordes, Cceda normas , dtl
erfmcufciHngealjCMheccmr : that is,thcy which will enter into their Rcligion,muft doe
workes like thcirs.and remainc in their Virginitie. Thefe Calenders are clothed with a
little fliort coate without flecucs,after the fafliionofahaire-cloth, made ofwooll and
horfe-haire,aud doe not let their haire grow long , but cut the fame , and couertheir
heads with felt hats.like the Pricfts of Grscia, about which hang certaine firings, a-
bout the breadth ofan hand, made of horfc haire: in their eare?,and about their neckes
and armes they wcare great rings of iron.They pierce the skin vnder their priuy mem-
ber,thruftingthorow the fame a ring ofan indifferent bigneffe and weight, tobarre
themfromvcnerie.ifthey warcthereuntootherwife willing. They alfo goe reading
ofcertainefongs,madc by .one<of their Order, called A'fr«.;w«, the firft Saint and Mar-
tyr,afier their reckoning, of their Religion,who for certamc words fpokcn againft the
law ofAIahometjW'zs in i/izamia flaidc quickc. Menamtto % faith, he had read fome
of his writings agreeing with the Chriftian faith in many points. Some '' fay, he was
martyred for confeflingChrift.

The Dernis goe barc-hcaded,and caufc their head and beard to be cut with a Rafor,
and all the hairie partes oftheir bodie: and burne alfo their Temples with a hot iron,
or an oldepecceofcloth burnt ;hauing their eares pierced, wherein they doe weare
certaine great rings of lafper. All their cloaths are two flicepcs or goat skins,the haire
therofbeing dried in the Snn,oncbeforc,and the other behinde, embracing the body
in forme ofagirdlCjOtherwifc naked, Winter and Summer. They dwell without the
Cities in Suburbes and Villages. Thus vnder the colour of Religion they roamevp
and downe,and make no confcience to rob,kill, and murther (if they finde themfelues
the ftronger, with a fmall Hatchet which they beare vndertheir girdle) all men cf
whatfoeuer law or nation. They are fornicators, and moft dcteftablc in that moft de-
teftablc finne of Sodomie. For fhew of holincfle they eate of a certaine hcrbe ' called
AIatJl^ch,the violent operation wherof maketh them to become madde,fo as through
a certaine furie,thcy with a certaineKnifeorRafor,doe cut their neckes,ftomacks and
thighesjvntill they be full of moft horrible wounds; which to heale, they lay vpon
them a certaine hearbe,letting it lie vpcn their hurt, vntill it be altogether confumed
into aflicSjfuffcring in the mcanc time extreme painc with marucllous patience. Thus
doe they imitate their Prophet Alahcmet, who, through abftinencc in his denne , fell
into fuch a furic (fay they) that he would haue throwne himfelfe from the toppe of it.
And therefore fooles and mad men arc in great reucrcnce ; yea, they account fuch for
Saints -.and iffuchmad men ftrikc or rob them, they take it in good part , and fay they
fhall haue good lucke after it. They ereft ttately monuments ouer fuch mad mens
graues,as at Aleppo,'' one Sheh Bouhac (who being mad, went alwayes naked ) being
dcad,they built an houfc ouer his graue,where to this day (faith our Author) there are
lampes burning day and night ; and many of thefe Daruifcs there maintained, to look
to his Sepulchrc.and to receiuc the offerings of fuch as come, as many do euery weeke
out of Aleppo. If any be fickc or in danger, they vow to offer money or other things
to Sheh Bonbac if they recouer.

The fame account they make ofoneJ/?(?^.^^^wwfA a roaddc man, yet Ijuingiq

Aleppo,



Chap.ij. ASIA- The third Booke. 309



Aleppo, going naked with a fpit on his fhoulder.Mcn and women will come and kifTc
his hand, or fomc other part of his bodic, aodaskehim counfcll, for they hold that
maddc mcnsfoules are ifi hcaucn talking with God, and that hcreucaleth fecrcts to
them. And euen the Baflaes themfelues will kifTe and confult with this Oracle. Hard
Idecmcittofay whether is the maddc man. Inalatcvidlorieagainft the Chtiftiaus,
they affiime that this Sheh Alahammet was feene in the field many thoufand miles di-
ftant, fighting againft their enemies, whom by his helpe they ouercamc.

But to returne to our Dariiifcs, this our Author faith, that oftentimes great Baflaej,
in difpieafure with thcEmperour, will retire thcmfeliics into this Otderi«3s«hc Hofpi*
tail and San>ild3ric of their difeafcd and dangerous ftate.Their witneflc is of better ac-
count then any other mans, although he were an Emir, or of the kindred of (^Maho,
met. They line of almes, as the otherReligiousdoe, which they beggcin the nami?of
//rf/y. Theyhauc » inNatoliaafepulchrcof a Saint called by them i'f/i://^'*/^^/, who a ific,Kich»L
(fay they) conquered the molt part of Turkic, and about the place of the fepulchre is
an habitation and coucnt.whcrc.aboucfiue hundred of thefcDcruifcsdwcllrandihero
once in the yearc they keepc a gcncrall aflemblyjin which theirSuperiour(whom they
call b Ajfamlfakt) is prefent and Prcfidcnt ; their Counfell or Chapter Cond'fting (faith ^ Thatis, the
Menattinm) of aboue eight thoufand of their Order.Onc of theft Dcruiflars « draw- ^^^^'^ °f f*-
higneerevnto^rft-iX'f^thcfecondjasifhe Wouldhauercceiuedanalmesof him, de- ^ Knlliesp ti^
fperatelyaflailed him with a fhort Scimitar, which he clofcly hid vndcr his hypocriti-
call habit. But Batazethy theltartingof his hor(c (afraid of this hobgoblin) auoidcd
the deadly blow, but notvnwoundcd : neither had hccfocfcaped,hadnot Ijhender
Bajfa with his horfe-mans Mace prefently ftrucke downc the dcfpcratc villainc, as hcc
"was redoubling his blow, who was forthwith rent in pecces by the fouldicrs. Baiax.et
thereupon prolcribcdallthsmofthatfupcrftitioui Order, and baniflicd them out of
his Empire. The like (isSeptemcaBrtn^sizkh) they had attempted againft Mtthomei
his father in his youth, while y4w»r4/6 was yet liuing. Andinourdaycs Mehemetot
yl/«i*wff, the great Vifier Baffa, who fwayed almoft wholly and onely that mightic
Empire (as appeareth in the hiftoric of that State) in thcdaycs of Saltnuin, Selym, and
Amttrath, and as Mafter Harhorite rciatcth, was efieemcd to poffeflc two and twentie
millions ofgold.was not aflaultcd only, butraurthcred by one of thefcDeruiflcrs.For
whereas itisacuftomeofthegreatmen, that at ordinarie hourcs all their Chaplaines,
orPricfts, aflcmblethemfelues in thcDiuano,therc together mumbling their iupcrfli-
tions: and this Deruifler ^ ordinarily thither admitted, vponan old grudge, for that J ^»\.ruTh,
Mehemet had before depriued him of a fouldicrs place and penfion, when the Vificr Hiff-p.yja.
fate there to giue publike audience, fitting right againft him, after his MumpfimM fi-
niflied, the Vificr reaching vnto him his wonted almes, hcc with a dagger clofcly bc«
fore prouidedjftabs him into the breaft,and was therefore of Mehemettfliues with cx-
<|uifit torments done to death. In their great Counfcl before mentioned,thcre arc yong
men clothed in white, whichtell the raoft memorable obleruations in their trauailcs
which they prefent to the Jfambaha in writing,fubfcribcd with their names . On the
Friday they vfe after prayer and eating, thcherbc e Afferal, to readcthc fame with g ^/n^^; jsa,^
dances, and after their dance (which is about a huge fircmade of as much wood as an herb, that ma-
hundrcdbeaftscan carrie) they cut the skinnc of their armcs,legges,orbreafts,engra- kethmenmcr.
uing fomc figure thereon.whcreto they after apply alhcs and vrine. In the doing here- "e.asif they
of they vttcr this Ipeech : This I cut for the loue of fuch a woman. Vpon the laft day of ''"" ^'^""''**'
theirFeaft,they take leaue of their Gouernour, and depart in troupes like fouldicrs
with banners and drummcs ; and fo returne to their ownc Monafteries.

The TerLicjuis by other called Durmijlurs, cloath themfelues with (hceps and goats
skinsjlike vnto the Deruif-.zhouc the fame they wrap about them in maner of a cloake
the skin of a great Beare, with the hairc, made fafl vpon their ftomacke with the legs ;
vpon their heads they weare a whitebonnct of felt folded with fmall plaits,hauing the
reft of their bodies altogether naked. They alfoburnc their Temples as the former. A
bcaftly gencration.For they know not,nor will learne to rcade,write, or doe any ciuill
profitable att, but liue idly vpon almes, roaguing thorow the Countrie alone and in
ttoupes thorow tJie deferts, robbing fuch as they mecce handfomcly apparelled, cau.

fing



^10 of the religious Votaries among the TurkeSjUj-c, C n a p .1 5.



f C^/'.IJ.



g Affich is the
Goddefleof
loue with thS,



b Daw.j.iy.



i SeptemcaH.
Mp.18.



iftft.i.



fin" them to goc as they doc, naked. They profeflepalmiflry and fortune-tcllino, the
people feeing and feeding them for fuch vanities. And fometimes they carrie with
them an old man, whom they wordiip as a ^od: lodg ng themfeluesneerethe bcft
houfe of theTowne whrre they come. And cherc'this new »wwf«,and oldinj^oHor,(ii.
ninghimfelferauiniedinfpirit, pronounceth grauc words and fpirituall command-
ments ; at fundrie times hfting vp his eyes to heauen, and after turning to thofe his di.
fciplcs.willeth them to carie him from thence/or fome imminent iudgemcnt there to
be executed, as is reiiealed to him. They then pray him to auert that danger by his
prayer, which he accordingly doth; which the people (deluded by their hypocnfics)
reward vvith large bencuolence, at which i hey after Jmongdthcmfelues doe merrily
fcoffe. Theycatealfoofthc herbe Oi^faiJIaiz,, and fleepevpon the ground naked of
cloathes and {bame,and commit alfo sbominable Sodomitric.And thus much of their
milbrderly orders of an irre ligious Religion. He that will readc more at large of them,
let him readc the booke of the Policie of the Turkifli Empire, which out of MtHauina
difcourfeth more larg ly ofthcfc things, and other the Turkifli rites.

SeftimcaHrenfs f tcllcth of ccrtainc Saints of exceeding cftimation for holinefle,
whofe fepulchres are much frequented of deuout Votaries: as that oi Sedicbafi (yj\\\c\i
fignifiethaholy Conquerour) in the confines of Caramania. Another is called Hat-
fehifettefch, that is, the Pilgrimcs helpe. Another s nAfcik^^afa who helpcth in louc-
matiers, and for children, in barrennefle . Another Vaitpajpi, for concord : and
S'c^^jcApjfrf, in trouble and affliction: and Got or Mufcbin or Tartfchinpajfa, in-
uokcd for their catt'c : and C^<i^»r<f//wfortrauellers, to whom he fomecime appea-
reth as a trauellcr j and any one that hath extraordinarily liucd , is reputed a Saint af-
ter his death.

They hauc many whofc names I reraembcrnot (faith he) inlikcrcuercncc wifh
them, as are the Apoftles with vs. When they would feeke fdnhings loR, they goc to
one Saint ; Vvhcn they arerobbed,they go to anothcrjand for the knowlc'^g(- of thingt
fecret, theyrcpaireto a third. They haue their Martyrs, and Miracles, and Reliqucs.
Thus they tell ofccrtainc religious men condemned wrongfully, for ftifpicion of trca-
fon, to the fire ; whichthcyentred without harme (as ^ thof- three companions of
Daniel) and their fliooes were hanged vp for a monument. The'wTif phes eg/i, that is,
foules or pcrfons begotten oUhc holy Spirit (fuch is their fancie) without feed cf man,
they hold in fuch reputation, that they account themfclucs happie, which can do them
any good, yea that can touch them : and if their haires be laid vpon any, they fay that
their ficknefTes are cured.

In this reputation of fan£litle, they haueaccrtaine old woman,which haning a dog
with her (in herpilgtimage to Mecca) readie to die for thirft, made water In her hand,
andgaueittothcdogge: which charitable aft was fo highly accepted, thatavoyce
was picfently heard from heauen, faying, Jbif daytloenJhalt bem Paradife. And ?: the
fame time fhe was caught vp bodic and foulc into heauen : and hereupon arc they libe-
rall to their doggcs. If this croflc an opinion, which fome Saracens hojd^ that women
come not to Paradile, no marucll, feeing falfehood is commonly contrarie both to the
Truth, and it felfe. He that would readc the miraculous talcs which they tell of thfir
Saints, mayhaue recourfe to that namelcflc Author, which of his countrey is called,
and heere often cited by the name, SfJ>te7»c^nrenJis : who tclleth » of hisMaf^crand
hisMiflris their deuotion and vowes to ^#< and LMirtfchitt^ for preferuation ofthcir
cattcU, fometimes miraculous (fo readie is the Diuell with his fauing dcQruftion, and
deflroying preferuation) yeahee faith, thatthe Diuell doth turne himfelfcamongrt
them into an Angellof light, with fuch efe£{HaU tll»/i0ns, that there are feene, or (at
Icaft) belecucd amongft them, the dead railed to life, difcafes of all forts cured, fecret J
of the hearts difclofed ; trcafurcs,long before hidden in the ground, rcuealcd : and bc-
fidesjfuchofientation, and Anew ofdilTcmbled holinefle, that they may fecme not to
come fhort of the Fathers and Apoftles in that behalfe : \H>odily exerafe were the triall
of fandtitic.

"BusbeciHttu ^ telles, that they haue like conceit of one CW(rr/d'/,3mongflthemjas
fome fupcrftitiousperfonii hauc of Saint George^za.i\ the Turkes affirme to be the fame:

The



Ifc



CHAP.13. ASIA- The third Booke, 31 i

The Deruis hauc a great Temple dedicated in his honor at Theke Thioi,not farrc from
Amafia,thc chiefc Citie of Cappadocia.The Countrey and both Legends agree, for the
killing of the Dragon,deliucring the virgin,&c.They fay that he trauclied many coun»
tries, and at bft came to a riuer, the waters whcreofyeelded immortality to the drin-
ker, and now cannot be feene. CW^r/if/ hereby freed from death, rides about eiiery
where on his horfe (which thence alfodrankc in ironiortalitie) and delightcthinbat-
tclls, taking part with the beft caufe : and to make vp the tale, they fay he was one of
the companions of e^/r;>r4ff</(fr ' the Great i theyaffirmc, ihmy4 lexAKdtrvizsSttlo- 1 Alcxanier
mans chiefe Captainc, and lol> his high ftcward. In that Mofchcc or Temple at Thcke '^'•'i- ^'^ ^'
Thiol is a fountaine of water, which they fay, fprang vp of the flaling of ChederUs ^gf^^^ ' *"
horfc. Like ftories haue they of his horfc-keepcr, and nephew, whofc fcpulchrcs they
fliew, where dcuout pilgrimcs obtainc many blcflings. They {hew for reliques the
pceces of the fhooes which Chederleshls horfc brake in thatDragon-fight, and vfc
the fame in drinkc againft agues and hcad-achcs. Thcfeplaccs arc full of Dragons and
Vipers. Sultan Mttrat Chan, «• or Amurath the fecond in a battaile againft the Chri- m LemtefaMJi.
fiianSjvfcd this prayer,© righteous Godjgiucvs ftrcngthandvi(3orie,OcJW»^4w<rr, CHu/ulJib, 14.
O MfifiAphit the top of gloric, by abundance of miracles, by the abundance o(Gail>-
. eren/ers, which are friends to the Mufulmans, and walke inuidblc, by the abundance of
the Cheders, grant vs vi<f>oric. In the time " oiTrchan, or Onhanes the fonne of Ot. „ uuncla. bifi,
Uman, they fay thefe Gaib-erenlers appeared on white horfcs in a battell againft the Muful.lib./^,
Chriftians, and ilew them. Thcfe (they fay) arc friends to the JJlamt, that is, Catho-
like.orrightbcleeuing Mufulmans, and are diuine protectors of the Imania or Ma-
huinetan law. Such tales you may reade in the Spanifli relations of the Weft Indies, as
atthebatccUofTauafco, <> whcrcaftrangchorfe-mandifcomfited the Indians, &c. o Hiftoricof
And our inuocation ofGod andSaint (jeorge, is rather Turkifh, then trucly Chriftian: the Weft In-
For God alone P « ourfirength^ xvhtch teacheth our handste fight, andonr fingers to hat- '•'^s- ^»i'- <*«
/?//:and q whora hattt I in heaugn lint thee, and I hauedeprednanei^t earth with thee? "p"
As for George and Cheder/e si know them both alike in matter of Inuocation,faue that ^ pfnij^^tu
hisworfeioabufetoimpieticaChiifliannamethenaTurkifti: andKingf/^wwr^/the
thirdfecmcd to inuokc Edw-trda much as George, H* Saint Edrvard,ha Saint Georgs
(faith Thomas Walfmgham.) But that of George is rather an Emblemc of euery Chrifti-
an, as not onely the heroiqucMufe of our Spirw/ir ^ inPoeticallfidion, buttheDiui- ^ s^tn^ni Re4
ner of great Diuines, ' in their iudiciall cenfure haue manifefted. It fcemcth that the Croflc,Knighs
ChederlesiTid Gaib-er enters arc diuers : and perhaps that Martiall Nation in conqueft in thcf<«. j9.
of the Chriftians of thofe parts, would foone reconcile thcmfelues to that martiall ^j.^'"V^i'fji^
Saint, and drinke in thofe further deuotions which his horfc pifled. Such Emblemcs iaijii,^,c]>B.j°
were thofe of C^fir/Ho/j^ifr, C<«r/;irn«<r. Gfor^ir, which the Papifls inuocatc as Saints ; an
errour proceeding from thofe pictures (as itfeemeth) in Churches, according to that
of the Prophet, ' TheflockjtsadoUri»eofva»iiie,znd " the Image a teacher of lies. ^ jc^ci„^,o9.
TheruderporteriticinthatmiftofAntichrift,andy»»«^iL/^c»»»»A<r^wrflw/;/^/>//,notbe- u miac.i.iS^
ingableto difcernean Emblem and Hiftorie afunder, hauc nnade Saint George the
C^ars " oUhzOhnihim^qHemnoHraiuuentHS Pro Mauorte coltt.BeHarmir.e yftrug- ^ Bit. Mm.
Icthmuch, ratherthenhee will lofc his Saint, andyetconfefleth the Hiftorie Apocry- fa^.libn.
phall. 'Baronius ^ his fellow Cardinal!, but beyond in truth, acknowledgcth it an I- y Bet.de Ecclef,
mage of a Symbole, rather then of a Hiftorie, which lacohtu de Voragme without ^'■'•''^•Mo.
good authoritie, in his Golden Legend makcth hiftoricall. He faith the Virgin reprc- ^ Yunyrohi'
fenteth fomeProuincc, which imploreth the Martyrs helpe againft the Diuell. But ft.om.A^r.11.
HyperiM » and VtlLmcenttm Pojfeuim interprcte it more fitly, to fignifie the Church ^ j^ ^^^
affaulted by the Diuell, proteftedby the Chriftian Magiftrate: in which rcfpeiftour fiud.Theoltg'
Defender of the Frf/f/i,may iuftly be termed the Patron of that renowned Order,which //i.j.wp.y.
hath now learned their Georgeto be (y mbolicall, not a Cappadocian, and ( as Princes
of ^ Gods httsbandrie, which gaue name to Saint George) to fight againft the Dragon, j, ^^„ ,
and the b'eaft with homes like the Laml>,l>fitjpeaki»g I'k^ the Dragon.hs for the Popifh " ^ ""
Cjetrge,'BarotjiMi\(oh3\.h another originall from the Airians, worfhipped of them ^'^^'^ j,
for a Martyr. But if any would be further acquainted with this Knightly Saint.let hira
refort to Do6lor Rainolds his larger Difcourfc touching thcfe Romilh Idolatries.

Chap.



^12 Of their frieUs^ and Bier archie. Chap .i 4;




Chap. XIIII.

of their Frielis, and Hierarchic : mth a digrepon touching the Hierarchic
andntiferie of chrtHiam fukecitetbe Turke,

Ftertbcdifcourfc of their Regulars (which in eftimation of^eiiotion

hauc with the Turkes, and therefore in this Hiftoric, the firft place)

their Secular Priefls follow to bcconfidcred.Thefe arc ofdiffering de-

a lih.z.tn^.i, ^^'^^^^^ grees, which ^'/(r«rf«»'e » thusreckoneth: (\x^\.):\zCadiUfchjr,\aAct

which the Aivfii or Mufii; the third the C*di; and after theft (in fub.
ordinate oxA^xs)i\\c Adodecu ^Antifft, Imam, (Ji^etz,ini, i\yi bcfides
hEdt. Ahora- thefc the So^hi. A certaincRapufian, '' in an Otation before Maximdtun the Empc-
iiiLaiiih rour doth not much difagrec: but for Cadikfcher^ hee callrth the firft Eejcherchadi,

whcreof(he faith) there are two.one in Romania, the other in Natolia, ohiefe' Judges
ofthearmic, hauing power to reucrle thefentemeof thcEmperour, if^itbcagainft
the law of A<f>r.herKer. A fecond Magirtratc (faith he) is called Machii, the chitfe in-
terpreter of the law, from whofe fentence is no appealc.
c Pcrcgrinati- Is^ic. JVico/ai "^ faith the fimc of theirtwo Cadilefchcrs, and that they are chofen
on.lib.}.c.i4, out of their mofl learned Doctors of their Law, and al way follow the Court and with
theconfentoftheBafl'acs, confiitutc and dcpofe the Cadi; hauing for their annuall
ftip-^nd feuen thouland or eight thoufand ducats, bt fides their ordinarie gaincs. They
hauc ten Secretaries kept at theGrand Seigniors charge, and two Moolorba{li^,whicli
are bulled about the horfes .-they hauealfo two hundred or three hundred (laues. They
\fe few words, but fuch as are of their Law and Religion alrogether, with very much
<1 Alc<irav.Jtal. fhcv\' of grau;tie. ^rmabene '^ (in his Preamble to the Italian A!coraH)maketh Ca-
K^idieiliien dijefciier * to be a general! name to all their orders of Pricfts. Others iJoe place the
fiashelid'ni lu- ^^'-/'' '" the highert place, and the Cddilefcher'm the fecond ranke : and perhaps o-
<//iej (untjitpre- thers gaue the Caditcjcher the fir(\ place, becaufe their life was more in aftion and go-
tni, &c. uernment, as attendint; on the Court, and on the warres : but the Mxfrt biding higheft

t.Si)ran\0U9 Interpreter of th' ir law(choiigh without gouernment)mufi indeed hauppreenKncncc.
f ^', ''^f^.^' And fo Meniini*t9 « feemeth to affirme, who, though he placeth the Cadi/'efcher{i:(i^
cahi'afptUik y" faith, that ^ when happily appcale is madefiom his fentence, they haue recourfc
fiiefcncenticyfi to the Alephn. And this opinion is now general] and moft current, which afcribeth to
reeorre al the M'^ftt the chiefe place,

Mojibtt. Mafter /7-i>-^(w-«,fomeiimc EmbafladorintoTurkiefor Englar.ds ^ee/!(i\\t worlds

wonder our Wefte ne //fypcrw, that fliinedfo far ouer and beyond aB Chrifiendom,
into the Eaft; but my wordiatetoo bafeto vflicrinthat renowned name) Elsz^a-
g Lib, Mann- ^f?^,thuss reportcth. The Turkes doe holde for head and chiefc of their Riltgion the
Scf'it, Mufti (the choyce of whom is made by the great Turke himfelfe)fuch aoneas is

knowne to be wile and learned,and chiefly of a good life. His authoritie-islo eflee-
med,thatth Emperour will neueraltera determination made by him. He intcrtned-
leth HI ail matters as beft him liketh, whether they be ciuill or criminail yea^ot of S ate.
And yet he hath no power to command ; but it is in each'mans free libertie,when there
happeneth any doubt of importance, to make in fomc few words by writing, 4 decla-
ration ofhis matter,in formeofaquelfion :towhomthefaid Mufti, ina writinglike-
wife (called Zctfa) gtueth a briefe anfwere contayning his iudgement thereon. This
^rff/v!,brought to the ludge.is the rule of his fentence ; prouided,tliat the declaration,
madebeforeto the Mufti, contained no vntrutb. Alio the Grand Signior.to fhew
that he is religious and iuftdoth ferue himlelfe oftheauthoritie ofthis Mufti in affaires
of warre and peace, demaunding his iudgement (in manner aforefaid;) by this courie,
the fubiefts being inclined to more forwardobedience. But yet the Mutti will com-
monly flatter him, and leane to that p:rt,to which he fccth him incline : as in the time
of J'f/.-w the (econd.the Mufti hauing difcouered the Emperours intentto warrcvpon
Cyprus.approued thefanie inhisZtf^/)/;;*. But after, vpon great ofters made to j/^-
hemet i\icYi[Kx, to brcakc that refolution, the Mufti , by him wonne to fauour the

matter.



Chap,!4' ASIA. 'The third ^ooh'. 315

matter, affirmed ftill, that the warre againft Cyprus was good and iuft, but that his
Maieftie had a greater obligation in confcience, which he was bound to take in hand,
namely, to procure thercuoltof the Moores inSpaine, there opprcfled bytheCliri-
ftians, whcieinhe was f) bold with theEmpcrour,asto tell him to his face, that if he
did neglcilthecauleofthofcMahumctans, hee might bee thereunto by his fubiedts
compelled.

Concerning'heMufci,andothcrfleppesoftheirHierarchie, Maftcr a KnoUes wri- , Knolp. i^9z.
teth, That the TurkeshaueccrtaineCollcdges called c^if/^>-i-j(/i, at Conflantipople, ^

Andrinople Burha,,and other places, in which they Hue, and ftudie theirprophane Di-
uinitie and Law, and haue among them nine fcucrall ftcps or degrees vnto the highcll



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 63 of 181)