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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 64 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 64 of 181)
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dignitie.

The Hrftis called Sofri, v.'hich are yong indents. The fecond are Calfij who arc
readers vnto the fiifl. The third //o^/, writers ofbookes (for they will fufferno Prin-
ting.) The fourth ztel'laipi, or yong Dod'tors, which may fupplie the place ofludges,
in their abfcnce. The fift CaJdi,h\(i9,^s of their Law,3nd luftices to puniHi offenders ;
of which there is oneatleaH in cuery Citiethrough the Turkifli Dominion : and are
Icnownc from other men by their huge Turbants, two yards in compafle. The fixtarc
yl///</<rn'/7, which ouerfec the Caddies do'mgs^ and are as Suffragans to their Bifhopsj
who are the feucnthfoit^and are called Mulli, which place and difplace Church-men
attheirpIcafarc.The eight, C/j^f/f/c4r/,wha are but two great and principal Judges or
Cardinals.the one ofGricia,the other of Natolia: andthcfctwo fiteuery day in the
Diuano among the Baffaes, and are in great reputation. The ninth is the Alaftt, who
is among the Turkes , as the Pope among the Roman Catholikes. When the Baffaes
puniili any offence againft their Law, they fend to him. Hemay notabafehimfclfeto
iit in the Diuano,neithcr when he comes into the prefcncc of the Grand Seignior,will
he vouchfafc to kiffe his hand, or to giue any more rcuerence, then he recciueth. The
great Sultan arifeth to honor hiiri, when hee comes vnto him, and then they both fit
downeface to face, and fo talke and conferre together. No man can afcendtothis
place, but by the dignities afcrefaid,

Mahomet ^ the third/orced bya tumult of thelanizariestoprefenthimfelfcvnto b P<»^. ii^j.
ihem, came accompanied with the Mufti, and fome few others of the reuerend Do*
6lors of thei' Law,who were by the Sultan commanded to fit downc, whiles the great
Baffaes abode fhnding. Suchref|-c£t is had toihefemen. Thus much A"«o//if/,
• Inthebooke' ofthe Policie of the TurkidiEmpirc, it is laid, that the Af «///>/ au- c Ca^.i^^
tWity IS like to that ofthe lewifh high Prie(T,or Roman Pope. I rather c ftccme it like
to that ofthePatriarkes of Alexandria, Antioch, &cT as binding not all Mahuir etans,
but the Turkes only : whereas the one had, the other cha Icng' th a fubiedHon of all,
which profc ffe their religion.That Author alfo affirmeth,that whenfoeuer the (Jl-fHftt
gocth abroad forth ofhis owne houfe (which he vfeih to doe very feldome) his vfe and
ciirtomeisjfirfttogo and vifit the Emperor; who asfoone ashcieethhim comming to
falutehim,and do himreucrencc.prefentlyatifethoutof his feat, and embracing him
.with great kindncffe, entcrtaineth him very friendly and louingiy, caufing himtofit
downe by him, and giuing him the honor ofthe place.

Hisauthoritic, faith •! Soranz^o, is fo great, that none will openly contradict the j ^ Soranxo
LMuftiei fentence : but yet if the Emperour be fetlcd in a refolution, the Mufti with fart a. cap. 61,
feare or R itteric inclines vnto hirn.

Next to the A-fufti is the CadiUfcher, who being alfo chofen by the ErnpfroHr,may Cadilefiber.
be compared tothofc,whomtheChrifiianscallPatriarches,orelfcto thePrimats and
Metropolitans of a Kingdome, Of thefe there are now in this cncreafed grcatnefle of
theTurkifl'iEmpire,three:whereasitfermcththat they had in thetimeof '5^w;*3:.i't but
one, and long after (as before IS faid) but two. To one ofthcfe is affigned Europe,
namely, fo inuch thereof as is fubiedt to the Turke, for his Prouince : To the fecond,
Natolia or Turkic • to the third, Syria and Egypt,with the parts adioyning.Therc were
buttwoCadiiefchers,tiIli'f//wwanneSyriaandEgypt,andcredtedathird.Bat« So- g Mjgia.
njB4-jfaith,thatthisthirdof Crf/><? is not rightly called C/i^//<'/(rifr, but fhould rather
be called the great Cadi. Out of all which Prouintes, whacfoeuer caufescometo be

£ e determined.



3H



Cadi.

f Andr.Ar'tu.



Modecis.

g Policie of
the Tuikiili
Empire,



Imttm.

Meixj'i,
Sophi, perhaps
the fame with;
the Sojti be-
fore mentio-
ned.



h Bur, Geor-



Of their (priefts, and Hierarchie. Chap. I4.

determined, byappealeorotherwife, they are brought to be decided before the Ca-
dilefcher ot" the fame Prouincc whence they arifc : notwithflanding that the abode of
each of them be continually, or for the moft part, at Conflantinople, orelfewhere,
wherefoeuertheEmperour holdeth his Court. The honor done to them, is little leflc
then to the yl/^/fZ/or that their authoritie is ouetPrieftand people,temporallaiidfpi-
rituall : they are alfo learned in their law, aged and experienced. Of the Muderifi and
<Ji^nlli, I can fay no more then I haue done.

Next £0 thefc are the Cadi, which arc fent abroad and dif^crfed into euery City and
Towneof the Turkifh Empire: which befidcs their fEcclefialVicaIliiirifdi61:ion (as I
may tcrme it ) in forcing men to their religious obferuations, are as it were, lufticers
and gouernours of the places, Sonecre glued arc the Offices and Officers, thereligioa
and politic oftheTurkcs. There are other which arc noilent forth, which are called
Cho^aa, that is, Elders. Thcfe, with the T/i/ifwafjs ,hzuc the ordering of their parifhio-
nail Churches : The Tha/ijman calling the people to prayer,and the Choz^a executing
the Seruicc and Preaching ; and in abfcncc, each fupplying others office. CMenauu
no more di(iin611y,and in other names, numbreththofe Church-officers. The iMo-
depii is aGoucrnour of an Hofpitall.recciuing and difpofing the rents, with the other
cuftomcs thereof. Their Schoole degrees are before fpokcn of, out oi Km lies. Some
j; adde to thefe former, thcfe other Priefts, of bafer condition. The ^f.ttffi arc cer-
taine Prictts, which vponFiiday (called of them Glnmaagu»,:inA is obferucd as their
Sabbath, bccaule Mahomet (as fome hold) was borne on that day)and on other their
fafting andfeafting-dayes, after they haue vfcd diuers Ceremonies in a certaine place
inthemiddert of thcTempICjaboutthirticfteppeshigh, from thence readevntothc
people fome:hingconcerning the life of A^ahomet. After which, two little boyes
ftandvp and ling certaine Prayers : Wh'ch being ended, thePrieft and all the people
fingaPlalmc with a low voice, and then for halfc an houre together they crie Illah^
ilhlih, that is, there is but one God. After all this, one of thofc eyiKtippi, out of that
high place, {heweth forth vnto the people a Lance and Scimitar, wTth exhortation to
vie their fwords and lances in defence of their Religion, Ohhelmamzvxi Meiz^sn is
elfewherc {hewed, that the one calleth the people to the Mofche or Mefchit, the other
there celebrateth publike orifons. The j'of/j* alfo are certaine Clerkcs or Priefts, em-
ployed in the finging of Pfalmes and Hymncs, after their manner, in their Churches at
the times ofpublike Prayers.

All thcfe inferiour orders of Priefls are chofcn by the peoplc,and haue a certaine fli-
pcnd allowed them by the Emperour,which yet is fo fmall, that many ofthem are dri-
uen to vfe either writing of Bookcs, or Handicrafts and Trades for their liuing, and arc
clothed like l.iy-mcn. They haue '' nogreatlearning, it isfufncientif they can reade
the Alcoran; whichbeingwrittcnin Arabian, they are asloth to hauetranflated into
the vulgar, as the Papifls are to haue the Scripture. He which can interprete, and make
fome Expofition of the Tcxt,is of profound learning. Yet arc they reuercnced : and if
aTurkc doe ftrikc or offer outrage to them, he lofeth his hand; and if he be a Chrifti-
3n,his life; being fure to beburned. Some fay^thatnowoflate fome ofthem are more
fludious of Aftronomic and other Arts. As tor thofe fuperiour rankes, no doubt may
be made of their high account. The Cadilefcher is clothed in Chamiet, Satten, Silke,
Damaskc, or Vcluet of feemcly colour^ as Ruflct, or Tawnie, and of Purple-coloured
Cloth with long flceues, TheirTulipan on their head is ofmaruellous greatncsj (barpc
in the middef^, of Purple Rjflet colour, deeper and thicker then others ; their beards
great. They ride on Geldings, with Purple foot-cloths fringed ; and when they go OQ
foot, they goe flowly.rcprefcntingafktclyand facred grauitie.

There is another order of facred perfbns, which yet are neither regular nor (ecular,
by any vow or ordination, but iiad in that account fortheir birth, being fuppofedto
deicend of the line of A/.4^«JWf /.The Turks and Tartarians call them Seiti or 5/f A/,the
Moores Senfji. Thefe wearegreeneTulipans, which colour none elfe may weare, and
that onely on their head. Some Chrifiians, ignorant hereof", haue had their apparell
cut from their backes, for wearing fomewhat grcenc about them. Thefe they call He-
iw/r,Thcy enioy many priuilcdgcs.cfpecially in giuiBgteflimonie,\vhcrein one of thefe

is



C H A P . 14. ASIA. The third 'Booke, 5 1 5



is as much as two ocher,which they abufe to iniurie and wrong. The mpR of them are
Moores, whichgoetenorfiftccncinacompanic, withabanneronafiaffe, hauing a
Moone on the topj and that which is giuen for Gods fakc.thcy fit and eat in the ftrcet,
where alfo they make their prayers, and are poorely clad. Like to thefc (in priuiledge
and praailedge) are the CLtp or F<?^/,which Hue on ahncs like Friers. They attend ott
the pubiikc Prayers, on the holy Reliques, on the Corpfes and Funerals of the dead,
and to prey on the liuing by falle caches.

A DIGRESSION TOVCHING THE HIERAR.

chie^andmiferks pfchrtniam vnder theTurkc^hjc.

ANd thus haue we taken a leifurely view of the Turkifii Hierarchy from the poorc
.Je/r/to the courtly C<J<///<'/<:^^'' and pontifical ^»/r/,flourifhing and triumphing
together with that Monarchie.which is exalted, & hath exalted then), with the power,
not of the word of God^but of the fwprd of man. But with what words meane whiles
fhall we deplore the lamentable and miferablc cftate of that Chriffian Hierarchic and
Ecdefiariicall Politic, which fomccimes flourifhed there with no fewer nor lefle titles
of dignitie and eminence ? Where arc now thofe Reucrcnd Names of Bifhops, Arch-

bifhops,Metropolitans,Patriarkcs, and the fwellingftileofOecumcnicall? nay where
arc the things, the life, and liuing ? for the ftile,Names,titles, flill continue ; continue
indeed, but as epitaphes and infctiptions on the monuments of their deceafed and bu-
lled power, as the ghofts, and wandering fhadowes of thofe fometimes quitke and
<juickning bodies,ofrule and gouernment. Great Citieofgreat Conflmtine, feated in
the throne of the world, the fitted fituation to command both fea and land through
Europe, Afia, and Africa ; at thy firft natiuitie honored with a double Diadem of Chri-
flianitie and Soueraigntie ; to which the fea proftrateth it felfc with innumerable muU
titudes of fi{h,the land payeth continuall tribute of rare fertilitic, for which old Rome
difrobcd her ielfe to decke this her New-Romc daughter and Imperiall heirc, with her
c^ifclt icwels and monumentsra Compendium ofthc world,cye ofcities, heart of the
habitable earth.Academie of learnmg, Senate of gouernment, Mother of Churches,
NtJrfcofRe]igion,and(tofpeak in the language ofthineowne)»v4»(fw£</f«,4«f4rf A- aNiceph.CaJlijt.
ly hcatien, moJe^ofParadife,JJ3i»tK£ with the varietie of thy facred andmagnificsat hntl- it I'rcf,
dings, M the {irmamentwith the Stinne, Moone and Stars: this was thy ancient greathes,
great now, onely in miferie and mifchiefe,which as chiefefeatofTurkifhGreatnes,is
hence inflidled on the Chriftian Name. And thou,the foule ofthis bodie.the goodlieft
iewell in this ring of Perfeflion, which fo many wonders of Nature conferred to make
t\\em\\:Lchoi hxt,the temple of thatwifdome of God,v^\\\ch isGod,ca!!cdbyhim which Temple of
faw thee both Chriftian and Mahumetan, ^ A terrefiriallheanen, a Cherubicall chariot. Saint Sophia,
anothey firmament, beyortdall riAmes of elegance, which I thinke (faith another) <= the ^ Gcsrg.^hrart'
very Seraphins doeadmirewith veneration, and(which hath hcere moued thy mention) ^* ^"""' ""-i-
high feat and thronc'of that Patriarchicall and Oecumenical! Highncflc, which hence ccon^.aianaf:
fwayedalltheEafl;,3udcontcnded with VVe(tcrnc Rome for Soueraigntie; now ex- a^.eontan,
cludeftrule,rites,yeapevfonsChriftian, wholly hallowed to the damnable holies of
ridiculous and blafphemous Mahometifme : the multitudes of other Churches, as fil-
ly captiuedDamfels, attending and following thee into this OHefchiticall flaucrie. O
Citie,which haft becnc (wo worth that word.that hafly hajl-l>eefte)vi\\tch had bin;but
who can fay what thou haft bin ? let one word,thc fumme of all earthly excellence, ex-
prefle w hat flouds of words and feas of Rhetorick cannot exprefic.which had bin Cen-
fiantinople,\^h\ch art (that one name may declare thy bottomlcfTc hcilifh downfall) in
deed,though notinnaiTie,c3'frf^o»«i;r«^/f,thefeatof ^tahomeis power,thefctling of
Mahumetan dregs : What words can feme to preach thy funerall fcrmon,and rin" thy
knell to fuccecding ages ? Sometimes the Theatre of worldly pompe, but thenon that
difma] day of thy captiuity,the Itage of earthly and hcilifh Furies.the fink of bloud,and
flaughtcr-houfe of Death. What fcnfc would not become fenfeleffe to fee the breaches
ofthe wals filled vp with the flaine?the gate by death (hutting out death,clofed ^ vp to j ;j« p^/)^'
the arch with cofufed bodies of Turks & Chriftias?thc fhouts of me fighting^the cries, Tum^ria.



E e



grones.



/>



Il6



Of their ^riejls^ and Hierarchie*



CHAPJ4.



Curx hues h^
quuntur, ingen-
tesfl'tpent. Sen.
He aftcrtur-
ncdMonk,and
fcarfc had bare
bread to fu-
ftaine him.
Jac. VonUn.

He is faid to
h«ucflaine his
owne wifCj&c.
to prcucnt
flaiierie: and
himfelfe died
in the fight.
Th. Z)iomd.
a Conft. was ta-
ken, ^»y ij.
1453-



<^rones,<»afpcs of men dying ? the manifold fpcftaclcs and varietie of dcath?and yet the
worfc ellate.and more multiplied deaths of the liuing ? women rauifhedj maidens for-
ced ; pcrfons vowed to fand^itic denoted to luft,flaughtcr,flauerie; rcuerendage no
whit reuercnced; grecne youth pcrifhing in the bloome, and rotten before it had time
to ripen ; the father feeing the hopes of his yeares, cicarc pledges of Nature, flaine or
fold before his face :the children beholding the parentspaflc into another captiuitie;
all taking an euerlafting farewell of all welfare, as well as ofcach other. Well may wc
in comparifon weep for thofe,niiferies,the bitter pa flionwhereof,likc a violent whirle-
windjdid to them drie vp the fountains oftears:Euen he which writ the hiftory of chefc
i\\\ngs,quorumfArsmagntifHit, Cjeorge Phranz.a,Qo\ix\k\\cx, and great Chancellor to
the Emperour,might much moue vs with his owne particular,hin)fe]fe fold to one his
wife to another, his daughter richly efpoufed, now married co the Seraile- flauery, his
lonne flaine with the Sultans owne hand, for not beingobfequious to his beallly lufl:
if particular and priuate cafes could finde any proper place in publike calamities ; and
if theEmperoursownchirtorie, were not (as fomchaue tod it) more tragical!. O
Sunne how could thy brightnefle endure to fee fuch hideous fpc6tacles > but clouds of
fhot, dufl and fmoake,hid them from thee, O Earth, which oiherwhilcsatthat time
» oftheyeare, deckeftthyfelfe with thy faired roabes, embroidered with varietie of
flowers; how waft thou then couered with dead carkafles, and furrowed with rills o^
bloud ? O God, that the finnes of man fliould thus prouoke thy luftrcc, by vniuH and
nnfullinftrumentstopunifhiniufticeandfinnc! andtochaftifethy Chriftian feruants
by Antichriliian and diuellifh enemies ! /«/? art thou O Lord, andia^ are thj indge,
mints , which in iudgcmcnt remcmbreft mcrcie , which faucft the foulcs of thine,
in and by the affliiftion of their bodies.but wilt caft this Rodofthy wrath into a fire thac
ncuer {hall be quenched.

ButmethinkesI hcarc fome excepting at this long digrcflion, and quarrelling ac
thisTra{;cdic 'n ftcad ot the proceeding hiftorie.Shall I craucpardon?Or fliail I lather
dcfire the Reader a little to confider with me in this narration ot Conftantinople ( as
the Map and Epitome ofEafternc Chriflendome) the mifcrable and perplexed cftatc
of all Eafierne Chriftians, by like meanes brought and trampled vnder the feet of the
Ottomatt hoifc? The larger Hone of ih;ir rites & opinions is referued to another taskc:
this I haue propounded as the glafle of their mifcries, that being now to take leaue of
the Turkes, we might not fo much honor them with this peale of our Ordnance, as by
this mirrourof miferie, be touched with feare in our felues for like puiiifhments, if in
time wc meet not God with repentance ; and rernembrtng the afjlillionseflofefh, to pray
for thofc our brethren, that God would haue me^cicon them, and giue them patience
and (in his time) deliucrance. They wh chwou'd take more view of the miferics of
Chriftians vnder the Turke, miiy mViHes,Georgiot4itK,y SeptemcaFlrenfis, ind others
readc them ; for me.the parallels ofthe Turkifli and Chriftian Hicrarchy.was fome oc-
cafion of this digreflion.touching which^let me borrow a few words with oui Reader.

Mahomet the Conqueror, for the repeopling ofthe Citic pretended great fauour to
the ChriftianSjgauc them licence to eled a new Patriarkc,whom he honored with the
wonted rites and folemnitie; and vouchfafed to conferre with him about the Chriftian
myfteries (for his mother was a Chriftian.and he himfelfe addicted to ftudics of lear-
nin<^ being '' skilfull intheGreekc,Chaldc,Perfian,Latine, Arabike.befidcshisTur-
kifhJanfuages.profefling knowledge alfo in Aftrologie) and rcceiued at the hands of
this Pjtriarke;(his name was (jennadtus) a large treatife thereof, c yet extant in Greekc
andTurkifh ; and gaue himdiuers priuiledges.But thing; faincd cannot conti'iuc: and
partlv through his owne couetoufnes.partly through the ambition and difagreeing of
the Cler"ie, heauie fines were impolcd on them, and the Scat recciued in his time nine
fucccflions, & eight in the raigne o(Baiaz.et his fon, & fo groneth vnder that burthen
tothisday.AndhowfoeuerthePatriarkenioyeth'lfpirituallandEcclei'iafticallrerpeft
amontjft the Chriftians.yet is he contemned ofthe Turkes, fome of them vpbraiding
both him and other Chriftians with the names of dogs,Ethnickes,vnbeleeuers,and the
like zealous Rhetorickmor is he admitted a roome amongft the Ba{ras,except when he
brings his tribute of 4oo0.ducats,with almoft as much befidcs to the BafTas and other

officers.



b Phrttn^sl. i.

c Confef.Chrijl.
fid. Cennadif. in
Turco^r. lib.z,
& in Bibliotb.
Fair urn.

d Stej/h Gerla-
^htj cf.Ollob^j.



C H A p . 17» ASIA. The third "Booke. 317



officers.^n IiisMonafterie and Patriarchical Church and Palace,are no Blfliops or great

Prelates nourifliedjbut afcw Monks and fome lay-officers and Counfellors.Hc fome-

times(b'itreIdome)preachcth,onfome chiefefeafts at the Confecration of fomcBi-

fliopor Archbifh )p,and very little preaching they haueamongftthem,and that which

is in the old purcGreeke, which very few of ihcm vnderftand , thinking it fiifficicnt if

two or three of their audience conceiuc them , and very few can preach. Thcyhaue

not the Scriptures in the vulgar Grcckc. The rcuenueofthe Patriarch is about 20C00. Wencef.Bude.

Dollers. They gather much in their Churches, and he fendcth his Collcdlor to gather w/^.Ejj.ijSo,

abroad, and the other Prelates pay an annuiticto him. To preuent abufes from the

Turkes he liath a lanizaric or two at the Church-dore in the time ofche Lytiirgic.Thcy

reade in their Churches great Legends of the lies of Saints, afwcll as the Papifls. Their

Religion is almoft altogether in rites, like the other : and the d fference betweene new

and old Rome was one principall occafion of the lolTe of Conttantinople.as appcareth

* by the Emperour (ehn his going to Rome to follicite aide , ( which had bcenc giuen • p„/,-, Turcoi.

him but for refufing a Papal! ceremonic) and the proceedings of the Councell of Flo- vid.Ef. g. Tra'

rence. The Patriarkes of Alexandria, Antiochia, and lerufalcm, acknowledge this of p<!\-

Conftantinople Oecumenicall : and his iurifdidtion cxtendeth through Alia Minor,

the Archipelago, Greece, Myfia,Walachia, Moldavia Dalmatia, Ruffia, andMufco-

via. The Calogeii or Motikes haue their Gardens and Vineyards which they till and

dreffe with their owne hands to fuflaine themfelucs. The other Patriarchs alfo pay a

yearly tribute to theTurkc. The Pric(lsarepoore,andliueofAlmesandthepricesof

their holies, which arc moft gaincfull in exequies. The Laitie is no Icfle miferabie for

themof-l partjoffpare diet, but giuen to relinking. Bothlewes andChriflianspay for

themfelues and eucryoftheir Children abouetwelueyeares old, a Ducat by the poll :

and much more for the maintenance ofthc Nauie^befides their tribute-children for la-

nizaries. , .

The Greckes are ignorant and vnlearncd, and haue exiled (in a blinde zealc) Poe-
ticall and Philofophicall Authors, for feare of pollution to their fludies. And as 5/-
meon Cabaftlas writ to Crujitii , they haue about 70. Dialeds of the moderne Greeke
tongue, thepureft of which is at Conftantinople, the mofl baibarous of all (O times)
atAthens. O Adicns,hcioTC czWed^'ETf^dc^'ir^dJlQ-iThegrecce of Greece \ andthat g mn.Stefhjtd
which the fyht is tn the eye, that which the minde is in the[oule,fuch » as Athens in (jreece, V'lcxarch ,vxd.&
feate of the Mufes, Graces, Empire, Arts ! O Athens ! but 1 am forced (ilence. LctZj' T>ic<carch.Bi.
gomal, aneye-wiinefTe, fpeake; There now (faith he) remaines nornorebut theskin 'EM*/,
thereof, herfelfe is long fince dead: the True Athens and Helicon are come into our Athcnn bodii
Wertcrne parts. And how can any of them labour in learning which muft labour to (.itmcs,fro "
liuePNectflitic hath no law,no learning, Euen we here now behold a Brittifli Athens, U 'ASwctf.
or rather an Attike Britaine, where whilome our Anceflors ( euen after Learning and Fran.Partut
Religion had here long flourifhcd) found through the Danifhpcflilence , a brutifli ^''''•
baibaviime. yf//>-ir^, the fonne ofa King, and after King himfelfe, could not finde a jfriy!^e„;„
Maftcr in all bis Dominions to teach him the Latin tongue : and procuring with care .jua jifndi.
andcoft.forreiners to teach him, firft learned that language at fixe and thirtieyeares
of his age : hauing bcgunne to reade the vulgar at twelue yeares , which his eider and
lefTcftudious brethren coild not then doe. And himfelfe in the Preface oi Gregones
Pafioralls, (to vfe his owne wordes in our later Englifh) faith, that learning was Jo fal- Alfrcdm Kex,
len in the Engltp} Nation , that very few were en this fide Humber^whtcb their feruice could
vnderftand in Engli/h, or an Epifile from Latin into £ngl,Jh declare : and Iweetie that net
many beyond Humber were not. So few ofthetn were, that 1 tlfo one only may not remem-
ber by South Thamife, when as I to raigue vndertooke. I could fhew the like in Italic al-
fo by the teflimonie of Pope Agatha , in the fixt Synode at Conftantinople vpon l.ke SexSynXanfi.
caufe. But I forget my Greekes,as they haue done their Greeke; I feare rather,! feeme i*.4.
toremcmber them too much , and that feuere Cenfors will iudgethis an abortiue if- ^rufijrurcm.
fue.borne before the time. I will therefore ftay my willing pen till fitter time, refer- hiftMcclefiaJL
ring the more fludious to thofe which haue written of this fubicft, efpccially to Alar- <&-c. Cenfum
tinCruftHshis T«rco^>-<«c«rf, where out of the letters of Gerlach and others , asalfoof Orient Ecclefi^
x]\<:QKe:\.z%i\\zmk\\iGs,Iohnin^Theodofms Zygomale , and of the Patriarchs, Me- ^"^^J^^""'^'"'

E e 3 trophanes.



3i8



Of their fr'iesls^ and Hierarchie' CHAPJ4



a 3lofes Afar-
deniii i?^->.
made a ptofcf-
fionof his
faith 3C Rome,
ia his .".nd the
Patriarch of
Anciochiaes
name; thehlfC
was done by
Sal^ieleft
Patriarchof
the Ncflori-
ans i555.both
tranflaced by
/ind. Mafiiis.
which may be
iug!;Iings as
well as that of
CdbrieWain-'
srch of Ale-
xandria, as
Ceorjie Dmfi
teftifictha-
gainft Saron'ms,
b Septerticjji.

c. $•

c Septemcafl.
handlcth thrt
ac large.



trophanesjoafiifhns /^r^wM^, (becweenc the lafl Patriarch and 1).ty^»drcas (^rHjIut
their pafled fomc writings of Religion) they may haue further fatisfadion. Their Hilc
is leremtoi hy themercie of <jod yirchb.ofConp.TSlj-iv Ren/e,Oecumemcall Patrt.irch,
Michael by the mercie of God Patriarch of great Theopolis, Anttochia, ^ and ef all the
Ejfl. SofhroniM hy the mercie of god Tatriarch of the holy Citie lerujalem, And ofaliPa'
leiliija. Inatcttimoniallto D. Albert Liv^eyftein, the Patriarch of Alexandria ftileth



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 64 of 181)