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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 65 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 65 of 181)
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h'mM^^-,^ io^chtmTapeand Patrmrcb of the great Qtie Alexundrta. , lu^ge of the
lfrBr/d,^c Oiheis,HHmt/ii A'fetropoltta RhodiCaHiftffi.G.-ibrtel Archb.ofPh>U<ie/pbia.
And ifto the Patriarch, Archb.ofP.feraant to your holmeffe, Gabriel. A Biniop.TO-srHV©-
or hiimiU: Eftfcofus IV. Gerafmu-t^hty make publike mention ofthe foure patrarchs
in their Church Lyturgies. The Venetians allow the Greekcs free vfe o{ their religion
through all their Dominion : and Crete is a chiefe place for their learned men.

The f rcateft miferic which accompanieth the Turkifli thraldomc is their ^ zeale of
makino^Profelytes, with manifold and ftrong inducements , tofuchashaue beenc
more n'uzzlcd in fuperftitions then trayned vp in knowledge,and fee fuch contempt of
Chriftians, and honours which befall to many Renegades: and veiy many arcf crvet-
tcd and bewitched therewith.

Yea many voluntarily offer thcmfelues to Apoflafie; and others, by 'hopes, feares,
eriefes, defpaires, importunities, diftrafted : by that vizorof vertueinthc Tur-
kifh grauitic, fobrictie, bodily puritie, and fpirituall zealc (after the r kdi) with whole
rabies of Satanicall miracles deluded : wanting all interccurfe of Sacraments, prcach-
ing.'rcading, andal) Chril'tian holiestand full of wants in neceflaries for this life; forget
a better, and turne Turkc. Thus doe they fell to the Deuill their foulcs, bought by the
bloud of Chrift Icfus. We may well defpaire of words to vtterthismiferie, ?nd to dcf-
cribe this marc of Hellfeeini^ it exceedeth all words to fee the markets made of C h i-
ftian bodies, the remamders of crucll andbloudic warrcs, chained together in more
then bea'»Iy bondage,fo brought to the markets : if any be fick by the way,driuen on as
long as they can goe, and when their feetfaile,hid ouer ahorfe, like as but< hers dcale
with fmall cattell, and if they die.left for a prey to the foulcs and beaftes : the places of
their abode by the way, filled with cries, of younglings of both fexes, abtilcd tovn-
naturall lull. In the markets they are ftripped,viewed,and(modeiiie forbids to fpeakc,
O image of God thus abafed ! ) openly in the iecrcteft parts handled, be they male or
female : forced to <'oe,runnc, leapc ; andiffhamcordifdaine make them vnwilling,
by whips and ftripes compelled : the infant plucked from the mothers brcaft and fold
from euer againe fceinghcr or libertic:thc wife thus openly deluded and dealt with be-
fore the husband' fice. and for a bafepricc giuen by fomebafer Turkc, euerlaftmgly
diuorced from his face : his daughters virginitie, openIy,fccretly : my words are fwal-
lowed vp with horrour ofthe fadl : himfelfc, at home reuercnd for his yeeres, now in
that refpe(ft contemned, and hanging long on hand as vnprofitable ware, before hee
finde a buyer. Prieft, fouldier, merchant, artificer husbandman, all equally fubieft to
this iniquitie,faue that Gentlemen and thofe ofmofthberall education are Icarteftec-
med and mofl abufed.becaufe they can bring leaft profit to their Maftcrs. Where be-
fides filthy lufls, they fuffer hunger, thirft, cold, and ftripes ; and which redoublcth
thole blowes, cuen there is the paflion of Chrift, in this pafTionoftheirowncv, brai-
ded to them. Some in impatience reuolt, fomerunne away, and are brought backe
to a worfe eftateifpoflible : fome kill themfelues ; and fomc ! But 1 can fay no more.
Let vs pray for them : and let vs at laft leaue this tragedie, and take view of former An-
tiquities.



Chap.



C H A P.I 5- ASIA. The third 'Booke!



319




Hn'Uon.
Mayaus,
Trandjco Tha*
mara, <^ ely.



hTurc'iA, &
1'urcia Mtiisr,
c Mel, (&■ PeU'
eer lib. 5.
The Grcekes
called this. A-



Chat. XV.

Oftfje Regions and Religio/9s efAsix'Mi aoK^Jince

Ciiied T^atolta and Turkic^.

Exc afccr the Turkifli Religion thusrelared, it feemcth fitteft to ciif-
courfe of the ancient names and limits of Regions, and of the former
Heathenifli Religions of that part ot the Tu.kifh Dominion, which
among Authors » hathfince , in a fingularcmincncie.obtayncdthe aCem.Phryf.
nameof Turkic. And if it fcemcftrange, tliattheTurkifh Religion
(a newer vpftart) bedeclaredbeforethofef rmerofthePagans, the
matter wee had in hand hath thus altered our methodc , that after wee had dcfcribcd
the deformed dif-ioynted lineaments of the c^/<»</jtfr, an Arabian Saracen , her mote
mif fhapcn 'Daughter, this Turkifli (JHopfa , might attend her hard at her heeles. rts
•for the Region , wee haue followed the Turkifh forces hither : and now that wee hauc
glutted our felues with the view oftheir later affaires of State and Religion , let vs ca(t
our eyes about vs, and obferuc the Countrie it felfc, which becaule of her long and
entire fubicdion to this Nation, is ftyled by their ^ name.TheGreekes<^ called itNa-
•toiia, i/TTO THf avAroMi, becaufcit wastheEafternepartof that Empire, as they called
rThracia, the Countrie about Conftantinoplc (which was named N4a. P«f<H) Romania.
This Naiolia, or Anatolia. is of others called Afia Minor: andyet Afia, inmoftpropcr
and ft'i<S account, is peculiarly applied to one Region m this great Cherfonefus, or
Peninfuia, contain!: g belides Pontus, Bithinia, Lycia, Galatia, Pamphilia, Paphla- fia fin-.ply as
gonia, Cap, adocia, Cilicia, and Armenia Minor. It was bounded on theEaftwith being beft
Euphrates (now Frat) ; on the South, with the Mediterranean Sea :onthcWeft,with tnowncto
the Archipelago : on the North, with the Blacke Sea, ftretching in length from 5 1 . to ' ''^'"*
72. degrees of Longitude, and in breadth from 36. 4. to 45. This Countrie haih been
anciently renowned for Armes and Arts .• now the '^ graue of the carkafies, or fome d Tbis part of
ruinous bones rather and ftonie Rcliques of the carkafl'es of more then fourc thoufand Afia hath been
PI ices andCities, fometimes inhabited. Many changes hath it fuftaincd by the Egyt^*\ p'^L.'^'^i"§*J''
tian, Pcrfian, Macedonian, Foman, Tartarian, andTurkifh Gencrall Conqucfts, he- '^^^.'^j^^^V j.
fides futh exploits as Cr«/wmd /^/f^r;W<«ff.f of od, and the Weflcrne Chtiftians of in the time ot"
later time^, hauc therein atchieued. Let the ftudious ofthefc things fearch them in T/iewj tweluc
their proper Authors : our taske u Relifrion, whofe ouer-wornc, and almoft out-worne Cities were
fleppes, with much curious hunting in many Hiftories, we haue thus wcakely traced, "i^ '^""^ P'*"
of the Tui kes wc haue alrcadic fpoken,and we leauc the larger relations of the Chrifti-
ans (for why fhould we mixe Light with Dark- efie ? ) to their proper place. For euen
yet,befidesthe Armenians, there remaine many Chnft.ans of thcGrecke Church in
Cappadocia, and other parts of this Region.

Next vntothofe parts of Syria before deliucred, are fituatc in this leiTer Afia, Cili-
cia, Armenia Minor, and Cappadocia. Cappadocia, called alfoLeucofyria, and now
Amafia, ftrctcheth foure hundred and fiftic miles along the Euxine Sea, bounded on
the Wefl with Paphlagonia, Galatia, and patt of Pamphylia; on the South, with Ci-
licia ; on the Eafl, with the Hilles Antitaurus andMoichius. and part of Euphrates.
Heere runneth Halys^ the end of Croefus Empire, both in the fite and fate thereof j the
doubcfull Oracle heere giuing him a certaine ouerthrow. For when he confultcd with
the fame touching his Expedition againft CyrtUy hee rccciued anfwerc. That pafling
Hw/;.f, he fhould oucr-turnc a great State; which heinifrpreting a(9:iucly of his At-
tempts againft Cj/rus . verifieci it pafliuely in himfelfc. And here, befides other ftreames,
flidethThermodon, fometime made famous by the bordering Amazones- Of which
Manly fceminine people, ancient Authours dilagree : Theofhraslns deriuing them
from the Sauremata; SaluH fetching them from Tanais ; T. Diacofiiu defcribing
them in Germanic; T!'e^«< and i«i?/«tf reporting them Scythians ; Dioderns cio{-
fingthcSeastofinde them in Lybia, and thence alio, in a further fearch, pafTmg in-
to an Ifland in the Atlantke Ocean ; Ttolemej and Curtim placing them neercr
the Cafpian Sea ; Strabo e doubting whether there euer had bcene fuch a people, e Stydlii.u.

ox



ftratcinonc
night. iV;^«6



^10 Ofthe^e^ioHsand^li^iom of Jfia Minor y(i^c. CHAP.I5,;



f Hmcrof
Amazones.



g Gram, ex
Statie.



h Slrab.l.lii



or no. Some haue found them out anew in the new World, f naming that huge Riuer
of them. (J*rop/«< confidently avoucheth them to bee the Wines and Sonnes of the
SarmatiansorCimbrians: who, together with their husbands, inuadcdAfia. And
this he proueth by Dutch Etymologies and other conicdtures. Which , if it bee true,
fneweih, that cheir if f//^/tf« was thefamc with the Scythian. They s are faid to haue
worfhipped cJ^^rj , of whom they fainc ihemfclues to bee defccnded. Religion ic
were to ipeake of their X^//^'""? of whofe being wee haue no better certaintie. Stra-
^ol^writeth, ThatinthepIacesalcribedtotheAmazoncs, -^p»//« was exceedingly
worfliipped.

In Cappadocia was feated the Citie Comana, wherein was a Temple o( Be!le»a,
and a great multitude of fuch as were there infpired and rauifhed by deuillifh illufion,
znd oi JacredSerft^fits. It was inhabited by the people alkd Cataenes , who being
fubie6ttoaKing,did neuerthelcffe obey the Pricft that was in great part Lord of the
Temple, and of the facrcd Seruants , whofe number ( when 5<r<j^o was there) a-
mounted to fixe thoufand and vpwards of Men and Women. The Prieft receiucd the
reuenucofthe Region next adioyning to the Temple, and was in honour next to the
King in Cappadocia, and commonly of the fame kindred. Thefc Idolatrous Rites are
fuppofed to haue beenc brought hither out of Tanrica Scythia by OreUes^nd his fifter
IfhigtnU, where humane Sacrifices were offered to Diana, Here, atthefolemnc
Feafts of BeUona^ thofefacred Seruants before-mentioned, called Comani , wounded
each other in an extaticallfuric ; bloudie Rites fitting "Sr/S/oM^Vfolemnities. ' yirgaiu,
whofe hoarie head was couered continually with Snow, was reputed a religious Hill,
and Habitation of fome God.

StYAhe ^ rcportcth of the Temple o^ty4 folio Catanitu^ in Daftacum ; and of another
of Ifipiter in Morimena, which had three thoufand of thofefacred Seruants or Reli-
gious Votaries,which as an inferior Order were at the command ofthePricft,who re-
ceiucd of his Temples rcuenuc fiftecne Talents , and was reputed in the next ranke of
honour to thePrieil of Comana.

Notfarrc hence is Caflabala, where was the Temple of Diana Ptrjica l, where the
facrcd or deuotcd women were reported to goe bare- footed on burning coales with-
out harmc. It is reported'". That if a Snake did bite a Cappadocian, the mans bloud
was poyfon to the Snake, and killed him.

Many excellent Worthies hath this Region yeelded to the World, Mazaca (after-
wards of C^audtMi called Caffarca) was the Epifcopall Seat ofGreat Bafill: Cucufum,
theRcceptacleofcxiledC(br7/#/?»w?f: Amafia (nowaProuinciall CitieoftheTurkifh
Beglerbegs) fometime the Countric of Strabo , to whom thefe our Relations are fo
much indebted :Nifla and Nazianzum, of which, the two Gcf^cr/V.r receiued their
furnames. Butthat Humane and Diuinc learning is nowtrampledvndcr the barba-
rous foote of the Ottoman-Htrfe, Here, is Trapezonde alfo , whilome bearing the
proude name of an Empire. Licaonia, the chiefe Ckie whereof is Iconium , celebra-
ted in holy Writ, (and a long time the Royall Seat of the firft Turkcs in Afia, and fince
of Caramania,now Conia, or Cogne , inhabited with Greekcs, Turkes.Iewes, Ara-
bians, and Armenians) is of /'/«/*»?(?;' adioyned to Cappadocia. AndfoisDiopolis,
called before Cabira , fince Augufta , w hich Orttltw placeth m the lefl'er Armenia : a
Region which hath on the South Cilicia ; on the Eaft, Euphrates ; on the Weft,Cap-
padocia.

In Diopolij was the Temple of the tJ\ioo»e\\zA in great veneration , much like , in
n comani Cap, the Rites thereof, to that before mentioned of Comana : which although it bare "the
\>adoci<e,&Pm' furname of Cappadocia, yttPtelemey ^\zcc\\\ itin this Armenia; and Comana Pon-
tica,Stral/,Ui. tica , in Cappadocia, of the fame name and fi:perftitious dcuotion to the fame God-
defle. Thence haue they taken the patterne ot their Temple, ot their Rites, Ceremo-
nies, Divinations, refpe6t to their Priefts, And iwkc a yeare . inthcFcafts, which
were called . 7 ^e Goddeffe her going out , the Prieft ware a Diademc. Hce was fecond
to none, but theKing: which Priefthood was holden of fome of ^fr,«^<?'/ progenitors.
Ptfwpf^beftowedthePrieft-hoodof this Temple vpon ArcheUtts , andaddcd to the
Temples Rcuenuc two Schceni, that is , threcfcorc furlongs of ground , commanding

the



Stlimi.



k Strtb.-[,t^



1 Strab. ill.
C<tl.l.i6c.ii,

m Vadium eft,



f' C H A p . 1 5- ASIA. The third 'Bookel



321



X.'6.4.
The infa-



the inhabitants to ycclde him obedience. He had alio power, ouer the facred feruants,
which \Acrc no leffe then fixe thoufand.

Ljccmeda zdct enioycd that Prelacie , withfoure Schcem of land added thereto:
C^y^r remoued him, placing in his roomeDK«//»;», thefonneof^J?.?r(j^;.r, vvhomc
(with his wife and children) he had led in triumph, purpofing to flay his elder Ibnne,
together with him. But when the younger pcrlwaded the fouldiers, that he was the
cider,3nd both contended which iLould dic,Dite«tfu was of his parents counfailed to
yeeldetoiheyoungcr.and toremainealiiie,tobc aftay to their familie. Which piety
C<«/<iy hearing of,grieuing for the death ofthe other, he thus rewarded. At the Feafts
aforefaid is great recourle ofmen & women hither. Many Pilgrims refort to difcharge
their vowej. Great (lore of women is thereAvhich for the mott part are dcuoted ; this
Citie being as a little Corinth, For many went to Corinth,in refpecft ofthe muhimdc
ofHarlots proflitutcd or confccratcd to ??««/.

Zeia, another Citie, hath in it the Temple of e^»(?^, much reuerenccd of the Ar-
menians; wherein the Rites are folemnized with greateft SaniSimonie, and Oathcs
taken ofgreateft confcquencc. The facred Scruants and Pricllly Honours are as the
forrncr. TheKingsdidfomctimeelkemc Zela,notasaCity,but as a Temple ofthe
Perfian Gods ; and the Pricft had fupreame power of all things , who with a great
multitude of thol'e facred Scruants inhabited the farric. The Romanes encreafcd their
Rcucrues.

InCapp3docathePcrfianif<r/;^w« was muchvfed : but of thePerfian Rites fee
n orc"inourTradatof Pcrfia. The Pleaudrefle of the Cappadocians grew into a
Proueibc ; if any were enormioufly wicked, he was therefore called a Crippadoctan.

CalatiajOi Gallogrrcia, fo called ofthe (7rf//», which vnder the condud of Bremm "ous leaud-
(iaiih Sp:iJIm) aflembled an Armie of three hundred thoufand,and feeking aducntures " °f t^e
infonainepartes diuidedihcrnfelucs:fome inuadingGreece;othersThraceand Afia,
wheie they fctlcd themfelucs betweene Bithynia and Cappadocia. On the South it is Jooooo.Gjffi,
confined with Pam: hilia,and on the North is waflied with the Euxine Sea the Ipace of
two hundred and hftie miles. Sincpe, the mother and nurhng Citie of Mithridates^
i> hercfcateJ roneofthelaft Cities of Alia that fubiefted it felfe toTurkifli bondage,
in the day cs oi Mahomet the Iccond. Ofthe CJaLitx were three Tribes,7V<7^<w, ToliHo.
^«^<,and TcUofages all which Gcroptm deriucth from the Cimmerij, AcTavium,which
was inhabited with the Trogini ,\\is a brazen St?tue o(Juptter, and his Temple was a
priuiledged Sanftuarie. The Tthftohogi had for their chiefc MartT;_/F««/,wherein was
a great T' mple ofthe Mother ofthe Gods, whom th y cal'ed Andigilta , had in great
veneration; whofePriefts had fomctimebcene mightie. This Temple was magnifi-
cently builded ofthe Atalian Kings , with the Porches alfo of white Rone. And the
Romanes , by depiiuing the fame of the Goddcffes Statue (which they fentforio
Romc,a$ they did that oft^yt/«/^pf«« out of Epidaurus) added much reputation of
Religion thereunto. The Hili Dindymaouerlookcth the Citie , of which fhe wasoa-
laed D mdjmefia zs of Cyl>e/ns (v.h\chOrteltHil'u\-pofc'h to be the fame) Cybele. Of
the GalatianSjDfwr^rw was King : but more fame hath befallen them by Puulfs Epi-
flletothem.

/■/wf^rr/jq tellsaHiflorieofa Galatian woman, named C<«»zw4 , worthieour re-
citall. She was faive and noble ( the daughter oiDtanaes Prieft) and richly married to
Smattts the Tetrarch, YjutSmorix^z man richer and mightier then he,became hi' vniuft mnofta^
corriuall, and bccaufc he durU not attempt violence to her, her husband lining, hee
flew him. (^anima iolaced her felfe as flie could, cloyf^erng her felfe in Dtanaes Tem-
ple,and admitting none of her mightie fuitcrs. But when Smorix had alfo moued that
fuit,(Le feemed not vnwilling : and when he came to defire her marriage , ftiee went
forth to meete him,and with gentle entertainement brought hm into the Temple vu-
to the AItar,whcre (he dranke to him a cup of poyioncd hquor ; and hauing taken off
almollhalfe.fhercachcdhimthercft: which after fhe faw he had dnmke , fhe called
vponher husbands name aloude, faying; Hitherto hauc I liued forrowfull without
thec.wayting thi? day, now welcome me vnto thee : for I haue reucnged thy flaughter
on the raoli wicked amongft men,and haue becne companion and partner with thee

in



q Plut.Sermt)

& difpiitttif a-



('■1 -■ —

i 2Z of the 1{egions and ^li^ions of Jfia Minor ^i^ c. C h a p .1 5.



1.6. c.i.



f Alex lb Ah'
xdndro,geiiial.
dierum,l.^.c.7.
t Oen.dier.l.:^,
C.I7-

U lhidJ,(.CA6
X Athenxm.



z V.N!ger,ili*
Ctm.iMnginus:

a P entice gea-
tei a Vonitca
(ogHominatie
miin,L.Fler.



b Gramaye.
Viitka.
lu!lm.l,iT.L,
Florin.



c V.Oiof.1.6.

c.u



in lifc.with him in death. And thus died they both. The like manly womanhood>(if a
Chriftian might commend that,\vhich nonebutaChriftian can dircommcnd)/^rt/fn-
m f Maximus {hewcth ofGhtomara her country-vvoman,\vife oWrivagon^i great man
amongft the Teftofages : who,m the warres oiMamlitu the Confull.bcing taken pri.
foncr.was committed to the cuftodie of a Tribune, who forft her to his pleafure. After
that agreement was made for her ranfomc, and the money brought to the place ap.
pointed.whiles the Tribune was bufic about the rcceit thereof, flie caufed her Gallo-
gricianstocutoffhis headjwhich (he carried to her husband, in fatisfadion of her
wrong.

At the Funerals ofthc Galatiansf they obfcrued this cuftome, to write letters and
hurle them into that lateft and fatall fire, fuppofing that their deceafed friends fhould
icade them in the other world. At their facrifices ' they vfcd not an t^rnSfex, or Di-
uinour,vvhich gazed in theEntrailes, but a Philofopher, without whom they thought
no Sacrifice acceptable to their Gods. The Diuell certaine was the God to whom
their humane Sacrifices were acccptablcjwhich in diuellilTi inhumanitie they offered
at their bloudie Altars ", when they diuined of things to come, which they did by his
fallingjby the difmembringand flowing forth of his bloud. « ^ thenxiu out of Phi.
/<2rc^«/,telleth of one Ariatmes,2L rich Galatian,which feafted the whole nation a whole
yeare together,with Sacrifices ofBulls,Swine,Shecpc,and other prouifion, made rea-
diein great Caldrons,proutded of purpofe for this entertaincment, that he made them
in fpacious Boothes, which he had therefore built. PaufiimM faith.That the PcfinUnti-
an Galatians abftained from Swines flcfh. The Legend ofAgdiFiis and ^.?f, which he
there addeth , is too filthie to relate. At r Tauium was a brazen Image of y;<f;fifr,and
his Temple was a priuiledged Sanftuary.

Bctvveenc^ the mouth ofPontus,theThracian 5i?ij5W;«, and part ofPropomis
on theWeft, andGalatiaon theEalt.partofthcEuxine Sea on the North, and Afia
(properly (o callcd)on the South, is fituate theprouincc called by the double name » of
PontusandBythinia. There were lometimes two Prouinces, diuidtd by the Riuet
SangartHs : now ihey arc called Burfia by Girana ; by CaHalduf^BecfiifigMl. The moft
famous Cities therein are.or rather haucbcene, Nice, famous fometime for iVf/r^wx
Temple,but more for the firft gencrall Councell therein celebrated , againft Arntu in
defence of theTrinitie,and Chrif^s Diuinitie: Niconicdia,fometimcs the feate of Em-
pcrours,now ruinous : Apamia,and Prufa or Burfa nigh to the mount Olympus.wherC
the firft 0«cwrf«j- had their feat royall, and all of that race, except the great Turkes
themfelues, are ftill buried : Chalcedon, built feuenteenc yeares before Byzantium;
and therefore the builders accounted blinde, which ncgledled that better feate. Here
wasafamous Councell offixehundredandthirticBifhops, againft thchereficof£«-
f^ciw ; here y^yo^ had built a Temple to 7»p/ffr, in the ftraights which fcuer Europe
from Afia,afteryl/f/<tJ meafure, fine furlongs. Oftheirauncient Kings othershaucre-
lated : but <>«? cannot pafTe this our H iftoiie without obferuation , and that is AinhrU
^i^^f/b^thefixt King of that name; wholoofmghis father in theclcucnth yeare of his
agc.by his tutors was treacheroufly aflailcd.butcfcapcd, and by vfcof that antidote,
which ofhim ftill beareth the name yI</;f/;r;^^ff,out-Iiucd their poyfoning confpiracie.
Heliuedindecdetothedeathof thoufands , which eyther his crucltie or his warres
confumed. Foure yeares together (to auoydc their Treafons)he liued in the Fields
andWoods,vnderafhewot hunting; both preuenting their defignes , and inuring
himlelfetohardnefle. He fpake two and twentie languages, being Lord otfo manic
Nations. Heheld warres with the Romanes fixe and fortie yeares, whom thofc re-
nowned Captaines,^_)'//<?,i-«f«/!''«,'Ptfwpfy, did io conquer, ashcalway arofe againe
with great luftre,and with greater terror : & at laft died.noc by his enemies command,
but voluntarily m his olde age, and his ovvne Kingdome, neuer made to attend the
Romanetriumphes; iy//<ffjfelicitie,Zw«//«f prowcfl'c,and Pompcyes greatneffe not-
withftanding. Hisafpiring thoughts had greedily fwallowcd the Soueiaignty both
of Afia and Europe. He caufed in one night,all the Romanes in his dominions to bee
flainc ; in which inalfacre perifticd a hundred and fiftie thoufand j as fome haue num-
bicd. But it cannot be concerned (fauh' Oroftm) how many there were, or how



great



, .C H A ? . 1 5. AS I A. The third Booke, 32 ^



great W35 the griefe botli of the doers and fufferers, when euery onf? mull benay his
innocent «i:elis and friends, or hazard his ovvne hfe; no Lawe of Hoipitalitic, no
Religion ofSandiiarie,orrcucrcnceof Images, bcingfuflficient proteftion. And no
niaruelijifhelparcd nor his enemies, vvhentthee flew Exipodroi ■ind Hcmoclures\\is j f_,jy^
lbnnes;and afcerthe poyfon:ngs and voluntarie death oi Aloujma his wife, Stati'-a
aiid Koxewe his daughtersjhis fonne Phanuces (like to tafte of the fame cup) wonne to
his part his fathers Armic,fcntag3infthim,wJth which he puifued his father fohctcJy,
that he.hauing denounced a heauie curfe vpon him, entred amongft his Wiucs, Con-
cubin^ and Dughters, and gaue them poyfon, pledging them in the fame liquor;
which his bodie,acciiRo;ned to his Aittidotes,ez(\\y oiiercamc.and therefore was faine
to intreat another to open a bloudie paflagc for that his cruell foule. A man ( faith O-
rofim) of all men mofi fuperfli'.ious.alway hauing with him Philofophers and men ex-
pert in all Artes, now threcfcoie and tbureteene ycares oldc. The Religion in Pontus
wablitt'e differing from the Greekcs, We readc of the Sacrifices ofthisKingto ^<?-
r^-j.and to htfiter Belltpotens, in which the King brought the firft wood to the h're. He
powred alfo thereon Honey, Milke, VVme, Oyle, and after made a Fcali. In honour
o{Nepr)t;ietbey drowned Charriots/lrawne with foure white Horfes, with which (it
fccmed)they would hauc him cafe himfelfe in his Sea-voyages. « Atthemoi'thof e Ortd.'n
Pontus was the Temple oilaptter Jafia^alkd Tampeftm : and nigh thcrtca Promon- P'''>'i''i^^»'>t-
^orie facred to Dw»^2,fometimean liland, ioyned to the Continent by an Earthquake. • ^' J*^*'"-^'
Hereabouts was the Cauc AcherHjium, whole bottomlefle bottomc was thought to
reach to Hell.

I may in the next place fct downe Paphiagonia, which , as it fareth with fuch as
hauemightie neighbours, canfcarcelyfinde her proper limits. Some f reckon it to { Magimt
Galatia, before defcribed; and ibmetimes Pontus hath fliared it ; and eyther the force Gramay.
ofArmes.orboiintieofEmperourshath afljgncditat other times to Phi ygiaXilicia, ^'''o^J a- .
or other parts. The bounds thereof are thus deliucred : Pontus confineth on the ^P"««"-"» ^"'"^
North ; on the Eaft, the Riuer Halys ; on the South , Phrygia and Galatia ; on the



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 65 of 181)