Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 66 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 66 of 181)
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Weft,Bithynia. Ofthe people licreof called HenetijfomcS deriue the Venetioflta- ^ Msgrnat,
lie. TheynowcailitRoni. It had the name Paphiagonia of P^/i/j/^^cw , the fonne of
Fhitteiff. The Mount Olgafys is very high , and in the fame are many Paphlagoniaa
Temples. Sandaiacurgium is another Mountainc, made hollow by the Mettall-mi-
nersjwhich were wonttobeflaues redeemed fromcapitall Sentence, w/ho here ex-
changed that fpeedie death for one more lingering. So deadly is the Alpha and 0~
raega,\.he beginning and endingjof this lAolloj the WurlA: whi^h the Spaniards haue
verified in the Weft,by the deftruiilion ofanother world. VarHuim tells ofa fountaine
in Paphlagonia,3s it were mixed with wincjwhercofthcy which drinke without other
liquor prouc drunken.

TheHcptaconietJEandMoflynoeci inhabited about thefe parts;'' a people ofthat \. c \ vh if
beaft]ydifpofition,thattficy performed themoftfecretworke of Nature in pubiique /.i8f.,o.
view. Thefe arc not fo much notorious for being worfe then beaUs, as their ncigh-
bourSjthe Tibareni.for furpalling m iuftice other men. They would not warrc on their
cnemie.but would faithfully before relate vnto him the Time, Place, and Hourc of
their fight ; whereas the Mofy noeci vied to afi'ault Grangers that trauellcd by them ve-
rietrcacheroufly. They hauc aho a venomoujkindeot Honey , growing out of their
Tree?,with which they beguiled and flew three troupes oiPompey. Th: Tibareui ob-
fetuedoneftranget fhion,that when the woman was deliuercd of a childe , hcrhuf-
bandlay in.and kept his chamber, the women officioufly attending him, a cuftom ob-
fctued at this day amongft the Brafilians.



Of JJta propria diSia : no)^ caHed Sa ram' C ha p ,1 6*

a l>tol.l%.c.i.
Oruti:pi in

b VidiMUi.

e Herodkit.l.i.

f Su'idas.

g priep.

U Gnmsy.

Chap. XVI.
Ofy^fiA proprie dicfa : mw called Sttrcum.

>His Region (in the flriftfenfe) being a particular Prouince ofthclcf-
fer Afia/ isboundedonthe Weft with pare of Propontis, andHelle-
fpont, the Aegean Icarian and Myrtoan Seas ; on the South with the
Rhodian Sea, Ly cia and Pamphiha : on the Eaft,with Galata ; on the
North with Pontus and Bythinia, and part of Propontis. In which
fpacc are contaynedPhrygia,Cari3, and both Myfia's ,Aeohs, Ionia,
Doris, Lydia. Some'' circumcife from hence both Phrygia, and Myfia , alledging the
authoritie of' S. Lisks- But in the Apocalyf fc chap, i .thefe partes are slfo added ; and

Phrygia is diuided into the greater.which lycth Eaftward ; and the kfle, called alfo
Hf/A/^«»f/«?<:<i3ndTroas,and ofl"onieEpi6\etus, The greater Phrygia hath not ma-
ny Cities. Here flood Midaium, the royal! feate of Mydas, and Apamia the Phrygian
Metropolis.'' Phrygia is called of the Riucr Phryx, which diuidcth it from Caria. He.
ra^tr^/tellcthe that the Phrygians were accounted the molt auncient of all people;
for the triail whereof Pfiimmaichns King ot Egypt had fliut vp, without focictie ofany
humane creaturc,twoch)ldren,caufingonc!yGoates to be admitted to fucklethem,
who after long time pronourced^iff,which they had learned of the Coates : butbc-
caufc that (with the Phrygians) fignihed bread, therefore they ac count- d the Phrygi-
ans firrt authors of maok:ndc. Before Dencaltons^onA.Namiacns f is reported to raigne
there.and forefeeir g the lame to haue aflcmbled his people into the Temple.with fup-
p ic:itionsandpr-:yets. Hence grew the prouerbe to fay, A thing was from iV^««^i«/,
which was exceeding ol e. Many antiquities are tolde of their Gods ; whofc Theo-
log'.ethusi- recited g by i;.*{/f<^/«j-. ThePhrygians tell,hat.^/fo«wasthc moftaunci-
cnt King ofPhiygia,the father of C^^^'/ifjW^oinuented the pipe called Syrinx, and
was nuned the Muntaine mdher^t\o\\tA oi MuryM. But when as A:tu had rai-
fed her be! y.hcr father (laying him and his fellowes fhe.e.iraged with
vp a d downe the countrey. Mar^joi roamed with her, who after, being oucrcome in
a Muficall contention of y//"//»,was flayed quicke. After thcfe thing; did Afollo\on^
Cvy.'-/^,with whom flie wa-'dcred to the Hyperboreans : and by his command the bo-
die ofy4/ff!f was buried, and C/^f/^ obtained diuine honours. He:^ce it is,thateuen to
thisday the Phrygians bewailc the yong mans death. In PefTuiusa Citie of Phrygia,
(after rckoncd toGalati3)they erevftedaTemple to v4»^,and O/^^/f.Aftcr the death
of/i}/'fw«,the children of Cff/;/j- parted the Kingdome amongft them, the moft fa-
mous of which Wi re AtUs and Suturnc: to the fii it of which befell the parts adioyning
to the Ocean. He had great skill in Attronomie. Of his fcucn daughters were procre-
ated many cftheGods and Hfr^iw.-andof A/'«*ahee!deft,and7/./<.ifr, W2s Ai-rcttne
begotten. S'ttiirytet\\c fonne of y^^/»« being couecous and wicked, married Cyheleh\s
filtcr,andhadby her/«/'f>fr. They tell of another y/zp^vribrot^er of Cains ^ and King
ofCrete (but there and here they are foint"ngled with Fables, that the leafl inquitic
hathmoft eareandnolcffecertaintie.)This Crfr-*-; held the Empiie cfthe world, and
hid ten fonnes.whom they call Curetes : his Sepulchre they fliew to this day. Si-.tnrne
(the brother of .://■/.« jraigned in Italy and Sicilia.til lnpittr\\\s fonne difpolfeflld him,
■whoproueda fcuerePrnue toihe wicked , and bountifull to tliegood. Thusmuch
Etifebius ofthe Phrygian diuinity out oftheir owne Legends , the myfteries whereof
he after vnfoldeth. Other tales they had.ab, that y]/./;«7.'.( killed there a fire breathing
beaft; of/'/.v/cWff«and Biwcts, and fuch like, nientioned by the Poets. Aixdnder ma-
kmi>;warres with the PelTinuntians, vowed for facrifice whatlbeucrhe ^rft met after
he returned with conque(t,which he performed en ArchelansXxs lonne,ouercoiT]ming
'' faith one,pif tie with pictic. Impious is tliat piccie which deflroycth humanltie, and
diuelliflicrueltiebothinthe idolland 'dolatcrjas appeared alfo in the euent.(ifour
floriebc true) the father rewarding fuch pietie with greater impietie on himleite,and


Chap. 1(5. ASIA. The third 'Booke* . 525

caflinghimfcIfeiiKo the riucr, Icfc his name thereunto. The hkeistoIJoftheriiicrS
Sagaris and Scamandcr. Hercules, when hee went with the Argonautcs to ColchoSj
came on fliorc on Phrygia to amend his oarc, and being thirftie fent h'n fwceting H^~
Uito the riucr for water, who falling therein was drowned, whcreupotihce (leauing
his companions) wandered in the woods, bemoning his HjUs.

About thefe times Tantalus * liued in thcfe parts, a man bcfidcs other vices excee- * A mlrrbur
dinglycouetous, notlparing theTcmplcsoftheGods. Hence arofe the Fable that he fof^'^*'^-
waspunifhedin Hell with perpetuall hunger and thirfi, whiles pleafant waters and
daintie fruits did oftcr themfclues to his mouth, but when he would haue taftcd them,
fled from him. So indeede doth Al-imme/j torment his followers, making them to
wancas well that which they haue, as that which they haue not, the medicine being
the incrcafer ofthc di:cafe,as when fire is quenched with oilc : like Gardners Afles la-
den with good hcarbcs,a burthen to them, food for othcrs,thcmfeIucs glad to feede orj
Thiftks. And how many T".i»f^/» doe we daily fee enduring a hunger andthirft in the
middeft of their abundance ? a monlkoiis and vnnaiurall fickneflc, to hunger after thas
which tl'ey haue, yet cannot, yet will not feede on ; a dropfic-thirft,faue that they dare
not drinke that, which they haue and ihirft for. Vnworthy of that life,which be facri-
ficeth to thatjwhich ncuer had the dignitie to be niortall : vnworthy that body,which
he pineth with plentie ; or that foule,which he damneth for a fancie of hauingj or that
naturcof man which he confineth to the Gallies,to the Mines,in the fcruicc of a peecc
of earth ; vnworthy ofthc name of Chriftian, v\hofeChri(t was, to oneof his' fore- ; iuJ.13.Mttt
fathers, worth thirty pencc^but now this will fell him for three halfe pence,for a peccc i6, 15.
ofbread, yca,likcC^yo/;/dogge,forthefliadowota peccc of bread; vnworthy ofany '^
thing, faue that hiS couccife^to be his tempter,his tormentor.his furic,his dauill: Once,
pitie it is,that he prifcth a halter fo deare, clfe would he rid the world of a burthen,and
himfelfe ofhis wofthleflc life. But whither hath T^-r^f^/w carried mee ? Takehcedc
(reader) he doc not carry thee further,or thou him,bcyond vvords:Thcy fay he would
haue facrificed his fon Pephtlcps, had not diuine power rclecued him : thou art like to
finde him TantAhts ftill.What the Poets tell oiGan^medes cucry one knowe$;of A/w/^ir
famous for her fons and daughters, which flic loft all in one day : o^Mjidas (another
Tir^r^itej whofecouetoufnefle became a new y/AA)';?;/* It to turnc all into gold. And k Tbcfable
how doth this two-fold Alchymicgull the world ? theoncmaking with vaine hopes a wasthat^yrf^j
rich cftate become poore, the other with full haps making all gold but the man ; oncly '""'"§ '"s
tbcRomane' AlchymiftisMaOerofthat Art.which the former profc{re,thatturnej ib willied^llTh'
cafily a little Lead'imo fo much «ood gold : oncly the wife manjWifc in the later to be hec touched "
Maftcrofhimfclteandhis wealth, not aflaue to pafilonorpelfc. hv^AyctAij/das'mz might become
pubikc calamitie, (happening by an Eavthquakc.which fwallowcd vp noufes)warned ^'^''^ • ^"'^ fo
by an Oracle, to caft into tho'.'c gaping iawcs of the Earth that v\hich was moftprcci- '"iT'^^^ft"
ous : hurled therein much trcafure (whatcould hee thinke more precious : and how ued hini ^^~
muchmoteeably would many a /I'/7i-/.w haue hurled in himfelfc?) But the Earth not 1 i.dNoMdlt-
yetlatisfied, would not clofc vp her mouth, till his fonnc y^w^«r;«(cftecmingman to fouife : of the
be moft precious) leaped in, and the reconciled Element recciucd an Altar in witnefic Pop^i bulks,
of his haughtie courage. There were many Phrygian Kings named Adydns.

The Phrygians facrificed to the Riucrs Al£At:der and Aiarfitis : they placed their
Pricfls after death vpon ftone, ten cubits high. They ™ did not fweare ,or force others "^ S">t*iis.
to an oath : they were much addidled to diuination by Birds. mf/jcrc/'//M " applieth n MacnbJ.j.
their tales of Qfi^f/ir. and Attis, totheSunne. Silenus is reckoned amongthc Phry- n.
g'an deities : whom" Gore;)/«/fctcheth out ofScythia, andmakcthhimcJ^/r^*?/his ^ Q„^f,- »
Msfter in Geographic and Philolophie : The dihgent attendance of the Scholler was ct[.
occafion to that Fable of his long cares : the learning of thcMaftcr gaue him diuine

In Phrygia on the riucr Sangarius flood Gordicfor as Atriiinm Pcalleth it, Goydwn) „ ^^^ /^^
of which hcreporteth that whc y://if.v »?»</<■>• came thither,he had a great del-ire to fee the
towcr,in which v.:is the ipzhcc of GordiHsScA'/jdafythn he might behold the fliafts or
beaim oi' Gordms his cart, & the indifioluble knotfaftned therto.For great was the fame
thcrcofamongft the next adioining people : that Gordins vs'as one ot the ancient inha-

F f bitanu


Ofjftabromedi^a : now called Sarcum. Chap.I6.

J^ CiittM.}.

lie quibiii Sea!,
in ep. ad Caf.


Jcriptorum w»s-
jtrj dire, iti yi-

bitants of Phrygia, hauing a little place of ground, and two yokes of Oxen, the one
he vfcd to ihe plough, the other to the waine or Cart. And while he was one cay at
fcloiigh, an Eagle fate vpon the yoke, and there continued till cucning. Gordms,z^o.
nifhed at fo orninous a token, went to theTclmifTcan footh-fayers (^for to the Telmif-
fcan both men & women this diuining fcicnce feemed hercditarie)and there met with
a Virgin.whom he acquainted with this accident:fhe counfcllcd him to return thither
& to facrVice to Inciter the King.for the augury was good-i^ovJ/raentrcated her com-
pany with him, thjt fhe might inftrn^ him how to facrihce, which flic granted vnto
him,and afterwards her fdfe alfo m Marriage. Thefe had betwixt rhem Midas, z pro-
perlViphn". Now,a fedition hapning amongthe Phrygians, they conluked with the
oraclc,whi°ch anfwered that a Cart fhould bring them a Kaig, that fliould end that le-
dition.' And whiles they were mufing on this anfwere, Midoi came riding in his Cart
(with iiis parcnts)into the throng,and was by the Phrygians forthwith acknowledged
Kino. The Carre, in memory hereof, was hanged vp to lufiter in the tower(or temple
oU°Ditcr, fo Curtttts callcth it) with thankcs for that Eagle {luphers bird^fent before
to forc-fignifie thus much to his Father. The knot faftned vnto it, was of the baike of
the Cornell or dogge-tree,wouen with fuch Art,that a man could neither finde begin-
ning nor end thereof. Brutcd it was amongrt the Phrygians, that he which could vn-
tie i^t n-iould be Lord of all Afia. Jlexandcr turning it to and fro,and with vainc ciiri-
ofnie fearchinghow to looien it, at laft with his Sword chopped it in fundcr, leaft hcc
{hould otherwil'e leauc fome fcruplc in the hearts of his Sonldieis. Thus far ArriatiKs.
In the Lcffer Phrygia, (ofaHll therein, calledldxa; ofaRiuer, Xanthe, ofthc
Kin"s, Troas, Dardania, &c.) rtood that eie of Alia, and Starre ofthe Eaft, called Ili-
um or Troy .Of which, all that I can fay will but obfcurc thcrenownc and gl-ry which
all heathen Antiquitie haue by in vniuerfall confent ofpoefie,and hiftorie,giuen to ic.
And what Grccke or Latine Author hath notmentioned her ruines,and done exequies
to her tunerall? Ditrdanits is named her founder,after whom, and his fuccccding fonne
EriBhomus, Tros ruled, who erei^ed the Temple of P4///M. and reedified the Citie,Iea.
uing thereto his name. Tohimfucceeded //wJ, and after him his (oime Lttomedon^
whom Ntfnwe and A^o^o helped in repairing the Citie: which Hercules fackcd, and
Priamus re(lored,but to a greater lofle,by the Grecians ten yccrs fiege,and one nights
fpoile. Dures, randZJ/flyj, fuppofed hiftorians of thofc times, besides Homer, and
the Greekes and Latincs'his followers, haue more then enough related the paiticu-
lars. 7/f^o«<f,Silkrto Pr:amt4s,-w^shy Hercules ^\MtntoTelawoKiox?ii{\ entringths
walks. Her di 1 i'W'»«» demaundinvanc by Antoior, and t/£w.whisambafladours.
P*ru, othcrwifecalledrf/(rv4»(^fr, one ofthe fiftic children of Priamtfs^.'nAHtcuba,
wasfentinthelamebullneffe, and returned with H<r/f»rf the wife of yl/fw/zi*; a La-
cedemonian Pi ince : who confulting v ith the other Grecian Lords for her rccouerie.

f Gfw.15.15.
t Urem 34. 18.

cofurnvi)C!it,q^n f^,^^ j),g^,gdes iaAVlyfes vitxt fent lointreat; afterjathoufandfaileoffliips, toforce
dch'^Uof^molij}. ^^^ rc(^itu:ion : which after a tedious warre.with much loffe on the one (lde,and vtter
7erTTitrad. mine on theothcr, was effeaed. The league ofthe Greekes was made by CalchAS,
(lif. 1.5. Homer, vvho diuiding a boare in two parts, caufcd the Princes with their fwords drawne and
Kurtfid. l^irg. bcfprink ed with bloud top-. ffcbetweene, ivvearing dcftruftion to Pnamus and the
Troians. The iike rites ot lolemneCouenint wereadcobfeiucd by God ''hirnfelfc:
and by the' Icvves.

The religion of Phrygia and Troy , and all thcfeGrecian parts of Afia were little, (if
little) differing from the Greeke fup erftitions : of which in our Europe-difcoueries wc
are to relate.Therfore adionrning a larger difcourfe till thcn.wc arc a little to mention
here cheirdeuotions. In Troy w ere the Temples of /^p/ffrHifrfrf^/, atwhofc Altar wasflaine ; oi'Iupittr FhlMin^itBr, of Iuho, Apollo, MinerMa,A^erc</ry,'ls[eptft»e,
To Nepttt»ethcy which failed ., did facrifice a blacke bull, & oxen, whole hinder parts
were burnr,the inwards they tafledjRams and Hogges were facrificcd alfo to him. To
yl/frf«7tIoucn tongues hurled in to the fire;To/^'i'»«/,on the hill ]<ia;ToScamaKder,
to the Nymphs , in Caucs. To the dead alfo they facrificed black fhccpe ouer a ditch or
hole in the groud.w'ith winc,w3ter,& flower, thinking that the fouls dr.ank the bjcud.
They had whole fiock;, facrcd to the gods,vntcuchcd by mc.Thcy obicrucd auguries.


Chap. I ^. ASIA. The third Booke, 32^

Thunders, drcames.Oradcs o{ JpolUiZni otlier fupcrftitions. But the moft famous of
all,thcirfatall P.i/ladif^m ( a n^mc giuen to all Images, which fuperftition belecued •
not made with hands)was faid to haiie fallen from heauen atPefl[iniis,or(as* Jpoliodo- » j^oUod. I. j;
r«/vvitnefrcth)at liinm, at the prayer of ///« when he built it. For bee hauing apyed
Oxc i^uien him by the King of Phrygia,and warned by him to build a Citie where that
Oxc fhould lie downe.follovved him to this place.where he built a Citie, w hich he cal-
led of his owne name J/inm - and dehting fupifer to fend him fome figne, found this
Palladium the next morning before his tent. Some " fay j4/ihs aPhilolbphermade it " ^'^.
by MagicallArt : yipollodorw addeth, that it moued vp and downe, holding in the '^•^'
light hand aiauelin; in theleft,aDiflafFe. Tt was three cubits long. tApoIlo's Oracle
fore-wanied, that that Citie fhould neuer be taken, in whofe walles it was kept. They
hid it therefore in a more fecret part of the To.ver, that it fhould not bee publikely
knowen, making many ether like it to deceiue all future deceiuers. A woman-Prielt
attended the holy things in honour thereof, kecpingfire continually burning. It was
vnlawfuU w ith common hands or cics to touch or fee it. And therefore when //«/ fa-
Bed it from flames, the Tcmrle being on (ire, hee wasforhisblindezealepunifhed
with blindncfle; of which, foone after hee recouered by duine indulgence, f^hjfes
&o\e ir from them. And thus pcnfhcd that famous Phrygian Citie, if that may be faid
coperlfh which ftill continueth, fane farrc more famous by Homers pen^ then Pnams
Scepter or Hdlors valour.

The ruines thereof areas yet very apparant (according to Bettmittt, "ancic-wit- x P.Bel, l.i.c.6^
nefle, his report) the walles of the Citie yet ftanding,the remnants of her decaied buil-
dings ftill with akinde of maieftic entertaining the btholder : the walles of large cir-
cuit, ofgreatfpongie blackeand hard ftones, cut foure fquare. There are yet to be
feene the ruinous monuments of the Turrets on the walles. They (jjcnt foure houres,
fometimcon horfe, and fometimeonfoot, in compaflingthe walles. Great Marble
Tombes of ancient workmanlliip are feene without the walks made Cheft-fafhion :
and their couers yet whole. There are alfo extant the ruinous fhapes of two great
Towers ; one inthe topof the hill, (on the bending whereofthetowne ftood^ tht
other in the bottomc : and of another in the middle. Many great CilJterns made to re-
ceiuerainc-waterare yet whole. There are the ruines alfo ofChurches built there, by
the fometimes inhabiting Chriftians. The ioile about it is drie and barren : theriuers
(fo much chaunted) Xanthwand Simois are Im.ill rilles, in Summer quite drie : as alfo
MeU tclfifieth, fcimk cjmm nuturk inaiora flamina.

Th\s l/iHm (whofe fepulchreonely'B^//(?»/«^ hath feene) is not in that place where
old ///«»» flood, but thirty furlongs Eaftward, if J"/r<f^(? y be receiued, yeaitchanged yLlb.ij,
the place and fimation often, and hcere at laft abode by warning of the Oracle.which
alfo hath now had his Fates as well as Ilium. A fmall towne was this later lltum, hi-
uing in it the Temple of /'<»//<», which Alexander in his time graced, enriching the
Temple with offerings, and the place with name of a Citie, with building and immu-
nirie. Aftcrhis vidtorieouerthePerfians, hefentthem afauourableEpiftle, withpro-
mife to build them a fumptuous Temple, and there to inflitutefacred games, which
Ly/wj^f^jw after his death in great part performed, peopling it from the neighbour
Cities. The Romans alfo planted there a Colonie, when as Lyftmachm afore had wal-
led it, and built the Temple. Fimhia, in the warres againft Aliihrtdates jMu'ing trea-
cheroufly flaine the Conful f^alerius flaccus., and feeking to enter, vpon denial! afTai'
Icdit, and in:hecleuenthdayentredbyforce ; gloryingthachehaddoneasmuch in
eleuen daies, as Agamemnon with a thoufand faile of Gieekes , had done in ten yecre.
Not fomuch, replied an //m«, for //fffer was not heerc to defend the Citie. C&far,
armulous o'i Alexanders ^x\.z\xi'^i%, and deriuing his pedigree from /«/;/x, confirmed
their former libertie, adding a new region totheirterritoiie. Mela telleth a ftrangc
wonder of the hill /df J. • Soone after midnight they which looke from the top thereof,
difcernc certaine difperfed fires, which as the light approcheth a'c more vnited, and at
laftgachcred into one flame, like a fire, which by degrees groweth into a round and
huge globe, and then by degrees diminifhing in quantitie, butiu qualitic of light in«
crcafnig, is at laft taken vp into the Chariot of the Sunnc.

F/ a Ash tile t



Of JftA proprie d'lHa : wow called Sarcum. C h a ?.i6.


b \.Sam. 11.9.
c Argyra^idie.
e fortunate
young mia
If hofe venue
So hraue a
Tnimpt thy
noble acii t»
jound. Spenfcr


h fM.ti*.



1 Ajipian. in




Vione afu4



1 Vilitm aure-


m Apoc.i 7.
n Pi;.'« ». Afit.

p I'ol'ueniu L6.
fip. Gil,

AchiHes among the later liiam enioied a Temple and a Toombe : Patrec/ns alfo and
ey^»f;«!r/;«j had their Toombes : to them all and to yiw.v did the Ilians facrificc ; an
honour dented to //ifrc«/ffi for lacking their Cine : anvniiiftqusrrcll, if this yet may
be a iuft cxcufe of their partiall fuperftition. Thymbra is a field hard by,throiigh which
ihdeth ThmbrtcHt, difcmboking U felfeinto Scamander there, where ftandcth the
Temple o(Thymbrait» Afolto.

nArndv.m ^reporteth, that Alexander facrificedto VrateftUus^ (erctfting Altars on
hisgraiie) who was the firft of the Grecians that in the Troianwarrefct foot in Afia;
as he had before in the Straits of Hellcfpont offered a Bull to Neptune and the Sea-
Nimphes, po wring a golden Viall into the Sea : and in the places from whence hee fct
faile, and where he arriued, he fet vp Altars to lupttr Defcenfor.^ to Pallas, und to Hcr^
cities. And being come to Jlten, hee facrificedto Troian Palloiy and faftcning the
armes, which he vied, m her Temple, (a rite which the Philiftims » obfcrued in Saul
their enemic, and DaHid'°vik\\\.\ic armour olGoli3h)he tookcthence thcarmourfa.
credtotheGoddcfle ; monuments till that day of the Troian warre, aftcrwardthe
weapons c ofhis gard. He^ appeafed alfo Prww»*f his Ghoft, performing his exequies
at the Altar o( liipiter Hirci;if, fo to reconcile him to Neoftflemfu his houfc,ofwhich
he,by his mother, defcendcd. He crowned ^cfe>//ei his Toombe : calling him chap-
pie, who had Hemer to blaze abroid hispraifcs to the world: ni which he was greater
then Great Alexander.

Not farre hence is the Citie and Hauen Priapus/o called ofthe beaflly God: like to
Orthartes and Comftil»sznd Tychon, drunkenGods ofthe Athenians. This God or di-
uell (of more.iniquitie, then antiquitie) was not knowne of Hefwd. This Region was
called AdrafiiA^ oiK\v\% Adrajius, v<ho fiift built a temple of A^(f>W(f/?/calhng it Adra-
ftiA. Inthccountry adioining was an Oracle cC Apollo AUtus, zwAUiana : whofc
oratorie being demoliflicd, the ftoncs were carried to P<«r/«w,where was built an Al-
tar, famous for faircncfle and greatncflc. orthis^ii/My?«<«W3s a Temple at Cyziciis.
This Cyzicus was a Citie ot Mifia minor ; (for there is another Myfia called Maior,
according to Ptolemeys g diuifion :) the former is called OJympica, the later by Cdm
h Hellefpontica : there is another Myfia in Europc,which VoUtetdn diftiiiguifijcth cal-
ling it Mjefia. Some afcribe this Cyzicus to Bithynia. Weliftnottovmpirc betwixt
Geographers, but to relate ourHiHorie, ' which telleth that this Citie was renowned
for Antiquitie^ giuen by Jupiter in Dowrie to Proferpwa ; whom therefore the inhabi-
tants worfliip. The grcatnes,bcautie,lawes,8c other excellencies of Cyzicus let others
{hew you : their Temple 1 cannotbutftay to view with wonder, '' whofe pillars arc
meafured foure cubits thicke, fiftie high, each of one flone : in which, the whole buil-
ding was of polifhcd ftone, and euery ftonc was his fellow with a thread ' or
lineofgold: the image of/xfi/^c was of luoiic, crowned with a maibJe^/;*//*. Such
wasthebeautic ofthe vDarke, andcoftlincfle of the matter, that the Earth whether
with loue feeking to embrace it, or with iuH hatred for the idolatrous curiofitic,fvval-

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 66 of 181)