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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 67 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 67 of 181)
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lowed vp both it and the Citie in an Earthquake. The like befell to Phil3ddphia,ano-
iher My fian Citie (one oUhefenen Churches '" to which lohfi w rit : ) and to MagnefA
n in the fame Region. Neere to Cyzicus was the hill Dyndima : and thereon ^^f/fx
Temple built by the v^r^wrfwrw ; who had alfo vfcd a ccrtainc ftone for an anchor,
which they fixed fure at Cyzicus with Lead, becaufe it had often plaid the fugitiuc,
o called therefore the/'i^/ff«fi'fow. The Cyzican towers yeelded a leucn foldEccho.
The Myfians for their great deuotion were czWcA [moke- cLmers^ a fit name for all
fupcrlf itious. They had in honour the P Nymph Brythia : vnder colour of religion the
Parians coufened the Lampfaccns of a great part of their rerritorie. Of this Citie was
/•r/^^^/aforefaid.amanmonrtrousinlulfs, admirable in his plentifiillifiue j hatedof
the men (howfoeuerof tbcwomenbeloued) andby themexiledtoawildelifeinthc
field, till a greeuous difealc,fentamongrt them, caufcdthem, by warning ofthe Do«
donian Oracle, to recall him ; Fit feruitour for fuch a God. Hence the talc of his huge
Genitals, and of his Garden-deitie. Offering to rauifli a Virgin at the time of hee
VVedding.he was feared by the braying of an Affe, a creature for this caufc confecra-
tcdtohisfacriiices. LctticemolHutablc to fuch lips,

A



C H A p*i 6. ASIA. The third 'Booke'.



^^9



* Cor.JgripJe

vnUifccfi^.



q Herodot.1.7-



A little hence flandcth Abydus,* where was a famous Temple of fl-riM, in remem-
brance of their hbertic rccouered by a Harlot. Ouer againft the fame on Europe fide,
was ScftuSjchaunted by the Poets. the guard of the HellefpontjOnc of the keyes (faith
5f//fl«/«^jofthcTurkifh Empire; the CalHes being for that purpofe well furniflied,
the Straits not abouefeuen furlongs ouer. Here did TrrAYj-ioyneAfia to Europe by a
bridgc.ptofefling warres not againfl the Ore- kes aIone,but againfl the elements. To
Mount Athos q did this Mount Atheos vviice his menacing Letters. To the Hellefprnt
he commanded three hundred ftripes to be giucn, and fetters to be caft in , with reui-
ling fpcechcs for the breach of his new-made bridge, which the Sea fdifdayj.ing
the flopping of his paflagCjand infringing his libertie) had by tempeft broken.

InMyfiar was that famous Pine-tree/oure and twenty foote in compafle.andgro- r StrabJ.i}.
wing intircthrecfcore and ten foorc from the roote, was diuided into three armesx-
quaily diftant,which after gathered themfclucs c'ofe into one top, two hundred footc
high,andfifceene cubits. Apollo CilUm had a Temple dedicated to him at Cilia; ano-
ther was ereded at Chry fa to Apollo Smjnthim ; and twentie furlongs thence, ano' her
to Diana AIiirtna;znot\\t<c (withafacredC3ue)at Andira totbemotheroftheGods:
this Cauc'reachedvnderthe earth to Palea, ahundred and thirtie furlong-. Attalm
reigned in thefc parts.who furniflied the Library o^Pergamtts with two hundred thou- Tmamw.
fand volumcs> for the writingwhereofthofe parchment skinnes wereinuented, ther-
fore called to this day Per^nmerite. Of this name Attains were three of their Kmgs ; the
laftofwhich made theRomanes his heires. Herewasthatcruell Edift of Adithrtda-
tes publifhed to murthcr the Romanes .whereby many, driuen to feeke helpeof t/£-
fcuLtpiHs in hisTcm'-lc at P ergc.mus ,{o\inA him cythcr vnmercifull, or vnskilfnll to cure
them.althoughhis Phificke-fliop wasinthjsCitic. Here were inuented (by King y^f-
talns) Tapcftrie bangings,called AnUa oiAs'.la his hall which was hanged therewith.
Here was alfo a yearely fpeftacle ofthe Cock; fight. Iht Myfian Prie/h abflained from
flefh and Marruge. They facrificed a Horfe, whofe inward partes were eaten before
theirvowes.

Southwards from hence along the Sea coafl, trcndcth «x£«A>; whercunto adioy-
neth Lydia,calledfauncient!yAfia,and the inhabitants, ^tfwx. It was called Ma:o- i Orid,rhef.
Bia of Manes their firtt King,who begat ^o^j-.and hz,Att^s,znA Afias-, o{ whom (fome
fay) Afia taketh name. Cambletes ' a Lydian King (faith Athemus) was fo addiftcd t Athen.l,\o.
togourmandize.thatinthenighthedidteareandeat'chis wife;and finding her hand c.i.ExXantha
(in the morn ng)inhismouth,thethmgbeingnoyfed abroad, he killed himfelfe. The ^^'^''•
fame Author teilcth" of King ^Wr^fwjrfj-.that he made womfn Eunuchcs for his at- u. Lib.iz.c,^,
tendance : that the Lydians were fo effeminate, that they might not endure the Sunne
tolookcvpon them , for which caufe they had their fhadie bowers : th^t in a place,
therefore called Impure they forced women and maidens to their luft, which Omphale
(who had indured this violence, comming after to be their Queene) rcuenged by as
'vniufliuflice. Poraffemblingall theferuants orflaucs,fheniut vp among them their
mafters d3Ughters,permitting them to their pleafurcs.She was daughter oilardanus of •
the pofkritic of Attys,\\\\o fet Hercttleshls taskc to fpinne amongft her maides. Her
husband Tmolus deflowred Arriphe in Dianas Temple. Of him haply was named the
hillTimolus.which yeelded golden fands to the RiuerPaftolus. Halyattt^^wzs after s HmdotJ. j,
a long fuccefsion the Lydian King.father to Cr(r/i«,whofeSepulcherwas an admira-
ble rnonumeist being at the bottome ftone ; elfewhcre,earth : built by men and wo-
■inen,naucs,and hired perfons. It is fixe furlongs in compafTCjand two hundred footc ;
and a thoufand and three hundred foote broad. All the daughters ofthe Lydians pro-
fiitutethemfelue«,and thereby get their liuing anddowrie. Thefe weic the firft in-
uentersofcoyningmoney : the firft hucflers and pedlers : the firft players at Dice,
Balls, Chelfe.in the time of>4«)'/thc firft; driuen to this fhift by famine, which when
they knew not otherwife to redrctTc,they deuifed thefe games , pafling the time of e-
uery fecond day with thefe paftimes.then beguiling their cmptie bellies, and ( accor-
ding to their ominous iiuiention)now not fo much the companions, as theharbengers \
and forerunners ofemptineffe,although fome contrary to their firft originall,vfe them
to cafe their fuhufTe. Thus did the Lydians Hue (if Hero-afor/// be be!eeucd)two and

Ff 3 twentie



^O Of ^/lapropriedifiaiHOWcalfedSarcum, Chap»i6

twcntie ycais.eatmg and playing by coiirfcjiill they were fainc to diminifh their mul-
y Slliitil,^. titudesby fenclingColonicsYncicr7)rr^f»«f vntothat part of Italy , y which ofhim
rcceiued that name.

Hereon th? winding ftreames of^if^«^fr(ornigh thereto) w-as fituate Alamefia.
(notchatby Hfr»»;«jwhore Inhabitants worfliipped the Dysidimene Mother of the
Gods. Bat the oldeCitic and Temple perifhing, and a new builded, the Temple was
named o^DMna Leitcophrpa^ exceeding that of Ephcfus in workemanfliip , but ex.
ceeded in greatneffe and multitude of oblations. And yet this was the greatefl in A-
fia.excepttheEphefnn and Dindymcne.Of7r»!//«'/a neighboring City viz% Metrodo-
•L Str.ib.1.1^, ms iheVnc^oi' J fipiterLarjIftus. In theway from thence '^ to Nyfl'a, is a village of the
NyffacnsnamedAcharaca.ThereJs the Plutonium (compafled withagrouejandthc
Temple oi Pluto and luno, and the Caue Charonium,admirabIe to the view,ouethano-
jng the grouc, which it threatncth, feemingtodeuourc it. They fay that fickc mea
which are deuoted to thofc Gods, goeth!ther,andin a (Ireete neerethe Caue, ftay
with fuch as are expert in thofe myfteries,who flceping for thcm,inquire the courfe to
cure them by dreames. Thcleinuokingdiuine remedies many times leade them into
the Caue,whcre abiding many dayes with faftings and fweatings, they fornctimcs in-
tend to their ownc dreamcs.by theCounfellsot thePricfts. To othc-s this placeis
pertilentandinacceflible. Here arcyearelyfertiualsfolemnizcd, and then moflofall
are thcfe deuotions prailifed. Youthcs aod ftriplings naked and annoynted, draw or
leadc a Bull into the fame Cauc with great ipeed,who falls anon dcad.Thirty furlongs
beyond Nyfla is a felbuall place folcmnely frequented by the- ncighborinf; Inhabi-
tants, whichisfaid to haueaCaucdcdicatcd to the fame Gods, and reaching to A-
characa.

After OwpWd',f/<fn»/«poflcritie, which he had byher,raigned ; carrying for their
royall Enfignechat Battle-axe, which Wfr^^w/fj- had taken from Hj/jpcAfrf the Amazon.
Candaules \Nea.nc of the burthen,gauc it to one of his Courtiers to bcarc , interpreted
an ominous prefageofthat which happened, Heth'nking it not enough happineffe
tocnioy the beautii s of his vcife.vnleffe fome other eyes were witneffes of his poflef-
{ion, placed Gjgcj his friend where he might fee vnfccue (happily the occafion of that
a cic.Of.i. "tale ofC?j^wRing,wherewithhe went inuifible)to take view of hiswiuesnaked-
neflc. But beiiigperceiuedby herathisdeparture, fhee put him foonc after to his
choyce, whether he would enioy what he had fecne, and theKingdome for dowrie,
■without other ioynture then Candaules bloud, or would there himfelfe be flainc, Ea-
fie to iudge his choyce.by which Hfrc«/f.f his race failed. Ofhim defcendcd Crccfks,
b HerodoU.i. whofc Hiliorieisknowne. Him did C^r^f ouerthrow£,''andhad fethimonapyleof
wood to burne him, who then cried .Jo/o^.^o/fiWj^o/tfw; which Cyrui not vnderHan-
dingjcaufcd him to be asked,why he fo called : he anfwered,Thac fomtimcs drunken
with wealth and pleafiire,he thought himfelfe happie,but then was taught by Solon,
not to iudge any happie till his end; which Icflbn he now learned to his coft:tohis
. goodindeede;for Qrwforthispardoncdhislifcjnowthefecond timefaucd: which
a little before a fouldier in taking the Citie had bereaued,had not naturall affedion in
cCraefKsh^i his fonne (before this time dumbe) violently inforccd Nature to loofen the inftru-
libci^alUo.r^ mentsoffpccch,andproclaime,/f«r/;eii:i»ir. Thushad the Oracle propheficd , that
p&,\vho de- the day would be difmall and difaftrous to the father , when the fonne fhould fpeake
hided his Vo- (whereto he had before in vaine fought helpe of God and men) and could fpeake frce-
tariewith rid- ]y all his life after. And this was all that Cra?/^« by his fumptuous'^prefcnts, and fuper-
dles as in our ^j^j^jj deuotion could get oCJlpollo, which had foretolde hiin, that he himfelfe had no
on you may power to auert or alter, not to fpeake of his cnigmaticall anfwcrs, fnarcs.notinftrudi-
rcade. onsjnocumausjnot documents ynto him.



Chap.



Ch A p^iy- ASIA. The third 'Booke: 331



Chap. XVI I.
Oflonk and other ceuntries in thtt Cherfonefm.

OniaisfituateonthcIcarianSea, oner againft the Ifland Chios. The
Inhabitants are accounted Athenian Colonics (whereas Athens may
rather feeme to be Ionian) deducing their name from » Iok the ionnc fg.r,.,, .1 j
oiCrcufazniXmhus. But more probable is '° their opinion which HbT.i'o.
deriuc them /rom 7rf^^«, as is "^ before obferued by vs. Of the loni- Sard.Hb.^.





tetiis,MyHs,Priene,

fides C/;/w and i'«?»«»/ in the Ifiands, to which they imparte

The lonians had their common Sacrifices and Ceremonies at the Promontorieof
yl^yf/i/fjgenerally by all the Jonians dedicated to Neptune Helicor.ius , erc6ling there
vnto him a Temple: thepla:e was called Panionium, and thefeafl in -A-hich thofefa-
crifices were offered, f^twuwM. To thofetwelue Cities, '^i'fr^^omentioning thcfoun- d strab,l.i^.
dersofthem,addethalfoSmyrna,and faith that they were called to the Panionian fo-
lemniticsby the Ephcfians. who were fometime called Smyrnaransof ^wij-r^-* the A-
niazon,who is named the founder of Ephefus. Againft thofe Smymscans'the Sardians
warred, and would on no condition raife their fiege , except the Smymsean Matrons
were permitted to their lufts. ^Thc ir.aideferuant of one /'/)//4rf/;«^ amongft them e Grttnah
deuifed.that thofe ofher condition might in their Milircflfcs habite be fen:, to faue
their Matters beds,which was accompliflied.

AsforEphefuSjtheplace was defigned by Oracle for the building thereof , which
warned them there to build, where a Fifh and a Bore fhould fhew them. It hapncd
thatascertaincFifhermen at the facrcd fountaine Hyfeleus were broylng their fifli'
one ofthcm leaped with the coales into anhcape ofltraw, which thereby was fired ;
and a Bore which lay couered the_rein,leaping out,ranne from thence as farrc as Tra-
f^f^j, and there fell do wne dead of a wound which they gaue him, grunting out hij
lart gafpe,\vherc PaiUi after was honoured with a Temple.Greater then P.iHas and her
fwuii/h deuotion, was that f Great Bt^a oftheEfhcJJans, (lb proclaimed in the mad-
neffeof their zealc) and that Image which came dc-wne fiom Jupiter, rehtch ail ^/ifia *^'^'

andtheTvor/dwcrfitpped. This Image (as S Piifiie writeth) was thought by fometo g P/in./ij.

bcofEbonie;butyl/«rw>;wthriceConfull,writ,Th3titwasofthcVine,neuerchan- mo.
ged in feuen alterations or refticutions,vvbich the Temple receiued. It had many holes
filled withSpikenard,the moytture whereof might fill and clofe vp the rifts.The dores
of theTemple were ofCyprefle,i> which sfccr foure hundred ycares were as frcfli as if h Solinuic. 49.
they had beene new. The roofe ofthe Temple was Cedar. The Im3ge,which fuperfti-
tion fuppofed came from Japiter, w^s made(faith the fame Mattaijus) by one Canctia.
The Temple (reputed one ofthe worlds feuen wonders) was firlt the building of the
Amazons,asi'oA»waffirmeth. But'?.j«y^w^reprouethPrW^m/, for affirming that i Pmfamasl.7.
the Amazons had built it.when they made their Expedition againft Thefeus and the A-
thenians ; for at that time (laith he) the women going from Thcrmodon , facrificed to
the £f^f/;^«Dw»^ in their way,as they had done before in the times oi Hercules and
of Bacchus. Not the Amazons therefore, but one Cro'j'us of that Countrey, and E-
/>%«/ (fuppofed the fonnc of the RiuerC47&rj founded ir. Of him the Citic alfo
receiued her name. About the Temple dwelt both diuers other fuppliants , and wo-
men ofthe Amazonian race, Thefc were fpared by tylndroclus the fonne of Codriu,
who here planted his Athenian Colonic, and chafed out the Leleges , which before
wcreihelnhabitants; who being flaine in this Expedition , his Sepulchre remay
ntAm Paufamashisimc, on which was fet a man armed, Xerxes when hee burned
all other Temples in Afia, fpared this, vncertaine whether for admiration or deuotion •
moftccrtaine, a bootleffc clemencic. ^or^HeroHratus , to lengthen tlie memoric k Ua^n.de
ot hts name with deteftation of his wickednefle, fired this Temple on that day mrtereregmU
in which Alexander was borne at Pclia. Diana forfooth , ('who in her Midwife-

Myftcric



330



Of lonia^and the neighbour Countries^



CHAP,iy



Myfteric is called alfo7»wZ««w^j in her officious care to hclpc OlympM in her tra-
uell,w3s then abfcnt. It was after rcftorcd to a greater cxcelkncic by Dinocrates, or
(as^fr<«^otearmsh!m) Chermocrates, who was alfo the Architect of Alexandria. Some
'» affirmc.That two hundred and twentieyearcs were fpent in building this Temple,
by all AfiarTAwiffaith-foure hundred. Itwasbuilton aMarifh, becaufe of Earth,
quakes (which are faid to be more common in Afia then other partes) being founded
on ColeSjthc'fecond foundation WooU. There were therein an hundred twentiefc-
lien PiUars.the workcs of fo many Kings, thrcefcorc footc in heightjsnd fixe and thir-
tie of them very curioufly wrought. The Temple was foure hundred twentic fiue foot
long two hundred and twentie broad; of the Ephefians holdenm fuch veneration,
that when Crafus had begirt them vi ith a rtraight 'icgc, " they deuoted their Citie to
thcirGoddefle, tyingthc wall thereof with i rope to the Temple. It was enrchcd
and adorned with gifts beyond value. It was full of the workes of Praxiteles and



m N.Perot.
Corwicoftt,
Muxfi-Col'itl-')-
Plta.l.i6.c.iio.



n Herodot, 1. 1,



o Sirih.l.\^-
p Onmiy.lQnk.



q ThucidJ-i,



r Vm [ecnndui
Afa.



f ArrmJ.l.



A foe. I.



t i^iSf.ip.i?.
u Suidas,



Sud.deAd'el.^.
* Agrip.de l^.S.

X C<eliHsle£l.
a»tiqiA.c.\l,



* A(l^9.

y Be\A an/itM,



The Pric fts were Eunuches," called Megalobyz,i, greatly honoured , and had with
them facred Virgins. Some P call thefc or elfc another order of ZJww^'lf Priefts . £ilfM-
?»?•« and £jf<'»f, that is. Good fellowes (after the appellation of this bad age) which
by yearely courfes had a peculiar diet alTigned them, and came in no priuatc houfe. All
theloniansrefortcd toEphefus.qatDw^ij'jfdHuall J which with daunces and other
pompe they foIemnized,with their wiues and childrcn,as they had done before ?t Dc-
los : the Temple had priuiledge of Santituarie.which Alexander extended to a furlong,
Mithridatesto a flight-fhot./^»^o«<«* added part of the Citie : Rut AuguHus difanullcd
the famcthat it fhould no longer be a harbour for vjllaines. This the Romanes findc
(faith a ■■ Roman Pope relating this Hiftorie)among whom are fo many San£tuaries,as
Cardinals houfes,in which thecucs and ruffians haue patronage , which make the Ci-
tie (otherwife quiet and noble) a </(f»wo/V/j^f«fr. A lake named .Jf/wx/w, and ano-
ther which floweth into it,wereZ)«<««<jVpatrimonic, which by fomc Kings being ta-
ken from her, were after by the Romanes reftored. And when the Pubhcans had fei-
fcd the profits, ArtemiAorusvjzs fent in Ambafl'ageto Rome, where hec recouered
thcmtoi>(<!»<«/or which caufe they dedicated to him a golden Image in the Temple.
In themiddcsofthelake wauheRrngsChappcU, accounted the woiVcoiAgafnen-
noK. Alexander f not only reftored the Ephefians to their Ciiic, which for his fake they
had loft ,and changed the gouerncment into a popular ftate, but beftowcd alfo the tri-
butes,which before they had paicd to the Perlians.vpon Z)//?«^,and caufed them to be
{lain which hadrobbcd theTemple,&had oucrthrownc the Image of P/;?/*/) his father
therin,3nd fuch of them as had taken Sanctuary in the Temple he caufed to be fetched
out and ftoned. While he ftayed at Epheliis,he facnficed to Dtana with very foleirnc
pompe, all hi-iarmie being arranged inbattellaray. But this Temple of Z)j<r;j<», toge-
ther with ihi'iT Diam is perifhed : But neucr fhall that truth perifh which Paul writ in
his Epiftle tothem; forobferuing which by Chrift himfelfe in another Epiftlc writ-
ten by S./o^»,thcy are commended; and which in a Councell there holden,was confir-
med againft the herefie oiNeFlorms and Celeslixs, But alas, thit golden CandLBtcke ( as
wasthreatned) isnowalmoftbyOreekifhfuperftition andTurkifli tytznnie remoued
thence : a Bifhop with fome remnants of a Church ftill continuing.

The Ephefians were obferucrs of curious Artes , which not onelyi^j^t mentio-
nethjbut the prouerbc alfo confirmeth ^.Ephejislitera .- fo they called the fpells, wher*
by they made themfeliics in wrcftling, and other confii6^5, inuinciblc. The fummeof
thole Magicallbookesburncd by them,Z,«/^frateth at 50000. peeccs offilucr. which
Bxdafts lummethat 50oo.crownes. The many temples 'of/^i'ww at Ephefus, are not
worth memoric. Memorable is the hiftoric of an Ephefian maidc," who,when^rf»-
nus inuaded Afia,promifed him her loue(which he much defired) & witball, to betray
the citie to him,if he would giue her all the lewcls and attire of the won en ; which the
fouldiers were commanded to doe, who heaped their gold fo faft vpon the Damofell,
according to their command, that fhe was therwith couered & flainc. The .Afiarcha^
which Lnks * nimeih,Bez,a'i faith were certain Priefts.whofe office it was to fet forth
publikc playes & games in honor of their Gods ; as alfo were the Sj/riarcha.The Ephe-
fians.



C H A p . 17. ASIA* The third 'Booke, ^ ^ t



/ians, ^ as all the other lonians, were much acidified to niccncfle and fumptuoufiieflc

of attire,tor which, and other their delicacies, they grew into a prouerb. ^ AihenwiL\ a

The lonians had other places a:id Temples amongft them famous for deiiotionjand
anciqtiitie, fuch as no where elfc are to be feene, as the Temple and Oracle of Afollo at
Cjemtni. ^ Myus had a fmall armc of the Sea, whofe waters by the meanes of Meander ^ o^,.f^,ff ^,
failing, the foyle brought forth an innumerable multitude of fleas, which forced the chaica.lib'.j.
Inhabitants to forfakc their Citie, and \A^thbagge and baggage to depart to Miletus,
Andinmytimc(laith PaHpintoi) nothing rcmainedof Myus, m Myus, but "Bacchus
Temple. The like befell to the Atarnitz ncarc to Pergamus. The Perhans burnt the
Temple oi' Pa Iks at Phocca, and another of Ifiyio in Samos, the remaines whereof arc
worthie admiration : the Ery thrsan Temple of Hercules, and oiPaliM at Prienar ; that
.' for the antiquitie, this for the Image, The Image oi Hercules is ffid to be brought in
a fhip which cam.c (without mans heipe) to the Cape.where the Cbians and Erythrs-
ans laboured each to bring the fame to the;r owne City.But one Phermie a Firher-man
of Erythriawas warned in a dreame, to make a rope of the haircs cut off from the
headi of the Erythraan Matrons, by which their husbands {liould draw the fame in-
to their towne. The women would not yeeld; but certaineThracian women whicK
had obtained their frecdome, granted their haire to this fiurpofc, to whom therefore
this priuilcdgc was granted, to enter into Hercules Temple, a thing denied to all other
tlie Dames of Ery thrsa.The rope ftili remaineth : and the Fifhcrman which before was
birnde, recc ucred his fight. In this Towne alfo is ^itneruaes Temple, and therein a
huge Image of wood, fitting on a throne, holding with both banc's a diftaffc. The.c
arcthe Graces, and //ewr;/, formed of white Marble. At Smyfna was the Temple of
n/f^fcptUfius: and, nigh to the fpi ings of their riucr Mclcs,a cauc,in which they fay //*-
Wisrcomrofed his Poems. Thus much ?<»»/<»»/,«, The Ionian ^ letters were more re- b Sealireriii
feir.biing theLatne, then therr^ftiuGrcckeaie, and were then common, as in our Bufcb.cbroK,
firft Booke is fliewed in our Phoenician relations. animtdi

• At Miletus, a madde phrcniic had once poffeffed their Virgins, whereby it came to
prfll', that they in g' cat multitudes hanged them'elues. Neither caufc appeared, nor
rcmcdie : Needs mull they goe whom the Diuell dtiues. Whom "= neither the fwect^ c Volytn.lib.u
neffeoflifc, bitterncfie of death, teares, intrcatics, offers, cullodieof friends could ftratagcm.
jnoue, Modefiie detained from proceeding in this immodeft butcherie : and which is
more tobe wonderedat, z^ejihume modertic, which could notbee borne, till they
were dead. For a Law was made, That the naked bodies of fuch as thus had flranglcd
themfelue$,fliouldbedrawnethorow theftrects: which contumely, though it were
butaGnac to thofe Camels, which with the halter they fwallowed, yet flrained they
at it, and it could not be d'gefted, but ftayed their furie. Before the Troian warre, was
l/fyc«/fj famous at Miletus. The lonians were fubie6l to the Afl'yrians : af erthat to
•the Egyptians: next to the LydianSjPerfians, and the other Empires, which fucecf-
fiuely followed.

From Ephcfus to Colophon arc fcu^nty furlongsThis towne grew into a Prouerbj
^ for through their cxceilcncie in horfemanfhipthey viiially made the vitftorie (other- d Cohphonem
wife doubtfull) to be certainc on that fide which entertained them. Before Colophon addcreBraJM.
was the groue of y^pollo Clarins. And here died Calchas that famous wizard for gricfc,
that when vponhis demand A'fcpfr<is had certainly anfwered how many pigs were in
the belly of a Sow, by him propounded : (^alchoi could not doe the like, when <J^op.
y5//askcd of the number of fig^ growing on a fig-tree thereby.

Not I'a rre from hence is Eryihrx the towne of one oCthcSj/^yls, which liued in the
t\nr,eo{ tyflcxaKdcr., of whicii name alfo there were others in other places and times,
renowned for their prophecyings. Beyond Clazomenas is the Temple of ny^ folio, and
Smyrna famous in tho'e blindc times, for the Temple and (latue oi' Homer; fince for the
Prclacic of Tolycarfus, whom our Lord himfelfe fo highly commendeth. Plmy c wti- ^tyocal i a
teth of one in Smyrna, which being a maidc changed her icxe and became a flripling': c I'IvU.t.ch.
ofwhichforthecaffirmethhec had feene one in Africa, then liuing when hee writ, Vlurnext^fli
which on her marriage-day fuflained that alteration . Phlegon xthtcxh of Philotis l^S,^ "P- l^el>\
another Smyrnxan rsaydc, thus made a male, Pontamt tslkth the like of a woman ^'^l^if'l

at



532. Of Ionia J and the neighbour Countries, Zjrc. Ch ap . I7.



acCaieta married to a fiflier fourcycares, and of another the wife of y^;jto»y« Spenfa
twelueyearcs.which after married a wife and had children. And in late times Scaine
hath yeelded two fuch examples : of which I lirtnotto play the Philofopher, vvhc-
ther they were impcrfed males, or perfefl Hermaphrodites. But to hold on our Alian



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 67 of 181)