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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 68 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 68 of 181)
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iourney. 7v(^f/tf«i) builded Miletus (who alio erc6ted the Altar at PolTidiiim) The Mi-

a Mcla,Hirm. IsfnnOrtidcwzs hcredto Apollo DidymaM '^ amongft the Branchidz, who betrayed

Birb.CaJiig. the treafures of their Gcdto Xerxes the burner of their Temple j and therefore for
fcare of punifliraent followed him after in his flight. Afterwards the Milefians builded
a Temple, which for the exceeding grcatncfle remained withoutroofe, compafl'ed
with dwelling-houfes, and agroue, adorned fumptuoufly with giftsof ancient work-
manfhip. Heerc was the legend framed of 'Sr^wrfew and e^pe//*, whom they called
'L'/wj, and Anemii, of healing.Neare vnto the Temple oi '?>(<rpf««r at Poflidium was
Herxum an old Temple and Oratorie, after conuerted intoallore-houfejbutthen al-
fo retaining diuersChappelis full of old workes, as was alfo a Court- yard without,
from whence when Antontm had taken three ColofTes (the worke f^iAisro) ftanding
on one balis, Augu?lm placed there againe PhUm and Hercules, but tranflated lufiter
to the Capitoll, and built him a Chappell.

Solr/iifftu is not farre hence, where the CtiretesoxV{\c^sx)Onpiter dulled the earej
of/«»9 with the found of vveapons,whilesL<«r(?«rt was deliuered. Heerc were many

b Dill.HiJ}. TempleSjfome old,fome new. The •> Curetes or C»rjfbAntts ,hx{o\\\Qy were alfo ter-
med, were a fliiuen order of Priefts, who, rauiflied withafacredfurie, played vpou
Cimballs, and danced, (haking their heads to and fro, drawing others into the Jame
rage of fuperltition. Thefe firft began their deuotions at Ida, a hill of Phrygia,and af-
tcrfailcd into Greet, and heere with thcirfurious founds they deliuered luptter from
SfftuiKes gullet (who had betorecouenanted with Tl^f^w to kill all his male chi'dren)
while he could not bymeanes of their noifehearc /upiters t'lying. Dwdorm Stiuhtt
writeih , That Corjhantw was the (onncof lafon and C^l'eU, ind with Dardaniu
brou{;ht into Phrygia the rites of the mother of the gods, and called hio difciples in

c Vat, cejib.$. that fe£l Corj/b unites. Nat alts Comes « traucrfcth many opinions about their originali

Mp.7. and rites; their dances were in armour.

The Region of the Dorians was almoft rounded with the Sea : Herein was Gnidus

MtUU\.c-\6. a Citie of name for the marble Image of F^fww: and Halycarnaflus, the Countrey of
Jierodotus and Dionyfuu famous Hirtorians,and oitj^tmfoliu , whole Sepulchre, ere-
cted by Artemifa his wife and fifter.was accounted one of the worlds feuenwondcrs.
In the Suburbs ol Stomalvmnewas the Temple of e^yr«/<?/);«K cf great refutati-
on, and rxhes. InhviKty^fitifontif of ty^pelles workmanfliip : there was alfo Ve^.
»«< naked, after dedicated to Cafam Rome, as the mother of that Generation, by

Ncere to B^rgolia was a Temple of Diana. Mylafa another Citie of Caria had ma*
ny publike buildings and faire Temples ; among the reft, two of lupiter (furnamed O-
fogo) in the one ; and in the other, Labrttnde>ius, of Labranda a Village, a little off,
which had an ancient Temple of lupiter Mditaru much frequented. Tiie way leading
thither was called Sacred, paued fixtie furlongs, through which their Proccflion paf.
fed in pompous folemnitie. The noblcft of the Citizens were ordained Pricfts^which
funftion dured with their liues.

There is a third Temple of luplter Carius common to all the Carians, of which alio

A Libr.i^. the Lydians and Myfians are partakers.5/r<f^ff reporteth of >* two Temples at Stratoni-

ca; oneat Lagina,facredto//<c/?/if, where were celebrated ycarely fo'cmnirics; the

other necre the Citie of Inpttcr Chryfuoreus common to all the Carians, whithei they

refort to f3crifice,aud to coufuk of common affaires: which their aflemblieis called

Chryfaarean.

« XJiMMr.^. Lydia, called alfo « A/rftf*/<», was a rich Country, v.hofcmother-Citie wasSardis,

Sirabilib.ii. {{,e royall feat of Cr-ff/w^fjWafhed by golden Paliolus, where idlcnes was a fpeciall fault,

andpuniflicd by thel.aw. Fiucmiles fromtheCitieisalake called Colons , where is

the Temple of Diana Ctloena. very rcligioufjy accounted of,wherein,on their felliuals.

Apes were reported to dance. The Region, called 2«r«f^, ftrctchcth it felfe heerc a-

bout



C H A p. 17» ASIA. The third Booke, 3^5



bout thcfpace of fine hundred fuilongs, mountanous, ftonie and blackc,3s if it were of
foine bulling, wanting trees altogether (V incs excepted) ^^ hich yceld a very pleafant
wine. Here was another Plutonium at Hierapolis oucr-againft hnodicca. It was a hole
in the brow ofa hill,lo framed, that it might receiuc the bodic of a man, of great dcpih.
Below It was a fquared trench of halfe an acre conipafle fo cloudicand darke, that the
ground could fcarcely bcfeene. The aire isnothurtfull to them which at proach: but
within it is deadly. Stmbo^^vit in Sparrowes, iwhich prcfcntly died. But the gelded
Priefts called Gilh, might approach to the mouth, and looke in, and dine in a* long as
they could hold their breath, without harme, but not without (ignes ofworking pfli-
ons, whether ofdiuineinfpiration or reludtation of the naturall forces. Nolefle mar- f Asflrangeis
ucllous then the dampc of the aire, is the hardning qualitic ofthe waters, which being ^'^^"^ which is
hot, do' harden thcmfelues into a kind of ftone. f learner mentioneth the like in Hun- ^''""''^ "^^
garie,3nd AcoB.t,\x\Vcivi. Thofe GWAhcere mentioned were Priclis of CykeLe focal- thcJakc'r^
led of GatlM a riucr inPhrygia; b'thc waters whcrcof.tcmpcratiy drunken, did cxccc. tluntaropc '
dingly temper the braine.and take away madncfle ; but being fucked in largcly,c?u'cd 1-e drawn tho-
madncfle. Thefc Pricfls drinking hereof vnto madncs,in that fuiie gelded themfclues. fowir,oiabir(i
And as their beginning, fo was their proceeding alfo in madncs, in the execution of |""u|^
their rites, fliakmg and wheeling their heads like mzd.men.FoUtotsn !■ ouio( Po/jhi' thX aid-ei-f*
Jlor reportcth, that one Gci/lsts the copanion of yi;//' (both gelded) impoied this name ned with blc,
on the riuer,bcforc called Teria. O^CyheU and .^ff^/wchauefpokcn before; I adde, Z"''^>'»-^e'"iua
that after lome, this Attjs was a Phrygian youth, which when he would not liftcn to ^''''?."''''.^-
ii^f<f in h:r amorous fui s, gelded himfelfe; foconfecrating his Prieflhood vnto Rhea j v."."'/ "
or Cybele ; others ' afifirme that fhc preferred him to that Office, firft hauing vowed lib ,_ c^l j
perpctua'l chaftitie. ant! breaking his Vow,w5spunifHcd with madnes,in which l' he k Macr.s.it.rs.
difmembred himlelfe, and would alfo haue killed himlelfe, but that by the compadlo- ^caf.i.\ .calks
nateGoddeflehc was turned into a Pine-tree. That the Fable I this the Hiftorie Ithat '"'^•^""''Sarid
thele gelded Priefts wore alfo long womanifli attire, played on tymbrcls and cornets, ^f 1' "^'" '"'^^
facriftced to their Goddeffe the ninth day ofthe Moone ; at which time they (ct the I- iJ„„<,\ and A.
mage of the Goddcfleon an Afle, and went about the Villages and firects begging, rfM;i,tothc
with the found of their facrcd tymbrell,cornc,brcjd, drinke, and all neceflaries, in ho- ^unne and
norof their GoddcfTc: as they did alio in theTcmplcs, begging money in her name, E^'thmthc
with fomc muficall infbuments ; and were therefore called M^tragyta, Thus did the -^ j"'"^^' ■ ■*
Priefts ofCortfw/jalfobegge for the maintenance of their Goddeffe, with promifcs of Lions which
goofl fortune to their liberall contributors. L»cUn in his Aftnus relateth the like iiemficth the
knaueries ofthePrieHscf ©if^j^jcw. Concerning hi>. Image, .<4/&r;c«< thus purtray- infljcncc of
cthit: A Virgin fitting in a chariot,adorned with varietieof gcmmes and metals. She '"'^"'^aucns.
is called mother ofthe Gods and Giants : thefc Giants had Serpentine fcete, one of ' ' T^ ■ .
■which numhcr wai Titan who is alfo the Sunne, who retained his IJei tie, for not ioy- lusroddc the
hinginconfpiracieagai'ift the Gods with his brethren. This chariot was drawne with niarkeoihis
Lions. Shce wore on her head a crownc fafhioned like a tower. Neerc her is painted powei and.i
Aiys a nakedboy, whom in iealouficfhee gelded, .(^/<ir>-e^»«jap;liesthis totheSun: 'l''"^{,,"°j"'S
Buccuci ' to the Earth (mother indeed ofthe Ethnikc Deities,which were earthly, fen- j^ufg j [,« th
p^all^drHclli/1:) who adderh to that former defcription oiAlbricm^z Scepter in her hand, Sunnc. Their
her garment embroydered with branches and hcibes, and the Cjalli^ her gelded stten- mourning en-
dants with trumpets. Thc' interpretation whereof^ they which will mayreade in him,as '^^^ °" ''"^
i\(o\n P hora»tin,Fs!li^e>iiiiu inAoihcx^, with many other particulars of her legend, ','^a i!.*^ K
CLiudiun calls her both Cjbeh and Cybslle, which name Stephania thir.kech fhe recei- jj^^^ ^^y f^ ^
ucd ofa hill ofthat name in Phrygia(as doth He[ychiiu likewil(;)fo was fhe called Dm- whicli die Sun
dfTHda oi'thchW' Di'idymns. 1 could wearic the Reader with long narrations out of mak-etii the
'Pai^funiM, ArKobitis.Ltltus Gj^r^/Jw^ and others, touching thele things : but in part '^^l longer
wee haue before fhewedthcm, in our narrations of ii^jffieww in Phoenicia, and of the !t!'/i"'^ '
Syryan GoddefTc (to which T^-'or.jw/w/refcrreth this) and when we come to a larger icdtheFcaft
handlingof the Grecian Idolatries we fhallfinde more fit occafion. called HiUr:a,

It is no-v high time to leaue this (properly called) Afia, and to vifit Lycia,wnfhed by ^^^ ''^ ' . «. 1 7.
the Sea two huadred miles, wherein the mount Taurus arilcth, hence f [retching itfelfe , ''"«''• ^
Eaftvvardjvnderdiuers appellations,vnco the Indian fea.They were goucrned by com L>flr /li'"" *'*

ir.on



^34 Oflonia^ and the neighbour Countries^zjrc. C h a p.17.



mon Counfcll of three and tweiitic Cities, till the Romans fubdued them. Hcere was
Crigus a hill with eight Promontories, and a Citic of the lam.e name, from whence a-
rofe the Fables oiChjm&ra. At the foot of the hill Rood Pinara,whcrein was worfl-iip-
pcd Pandarm : and a little thence the Temple o^Latona ; and not tarrc ofF,7'<?f<jr<f,thc
worke ofTatarui, beautified with a Hauen,and many Tcmples.and the Oracles of^-
felle^no Icfle famous {\iA4ela be beIeeued)for wealth and credit,thcn that at Dclphos.
The hill Tf/wf//^/^ was here famous for Sooth-fayingsjand the Inhabitants are accoun,
ted the firft interpreters of Dreames.Here was Chymura a hill faid to burne in the nigbt^J-
Pamphylia bearcth Eaft wards from Lycia,and now together with Cilicia of the Turks
is called Caramania.Hercin was Perga.nearewherunto on a high place (kod the Tern,
pie of Diann Pergaa, where were obferued ycarcly Feftiuals. Sidahad alfo initthc
Temple of ?/i//<w.
m ^m,V)go: There remaine of this Cherfotieffiu, ^ Armeyiia minor ^inA Cilicia. Armeniam'mor,
called alfo Pr;>».z, is diuidcd from the Greater, or Tnrcomania, by Euphrates on the
Eaft : it hath on the Weft Cappadocia ; on the South Cilicia, and part of Syria ; on the
North the PontikeNations. It was fomctimes reckoned a part of Cappadocia, till the
Armenians by their muafions and Colonics altered the name : As for their rites I finde
little difference, but they either rcfemble thcCappadocians, or their Armenian An-
ceflors.

Cilicia abuttethon the Eafterne borders of Pamphylia, and was diuidcd into Tra-
chea,and Campcftris ; now hath in it few peoplcmany great Mefquitaes.and well fur-
n Strabo.l.i/i. niflied ; the chiefe citie is Hamfa, " fomctimc called Tarfw, famous for the ftudiesef
learning, herein (faith Straho) furmounting both Athens and Alexandria; butmbft.
moft famous for yeeldinghim to the world, then whom the whole world hath noc
happily ycelded any more e::cslient th\i was mcerely a man.that^^rMf DolUr oflsljtti-
««/,who filled thefe Countries and ail Regions, from lerufaUm men to Illjncum ( now
fuUofbarbanfmc) by preaching, and rtillfiUeth the world by his writings, with that
truth which he learned, not of man, nor at Tarfus the grcateft Schoole of humanity,nor
at Icrufalem the molt frequented for Diuinity.but of the Spirit of truth himfclfc : who
both WBS at firft from Hcauenconucrtcd, and atrer in the third Hemeti confirmed in

the fame.

Strabo mentioncth theTemple and Oracle of 'Z)/<i«<«54r^ir(^o»/,« in Cilicia; where
bein" infpired, they i;auc anfweres : The Temple of ftipiter alfo at 01bus,the worke of
^tax. From Anchiale,a Cilician C\uc,y}lexa*iJer paflcd to Solos, where he facrificcd
with prai fcs to ty£feftL:ipiw for recouery from a Hrong Fcuer, gotten before in the wa.

• Ai-M.z. tersof Cidnus.and celebrated Gymnicall andMuficall " Games. The Corycian and
Triphonian Dennes or Caues were held in much veneration among the Cilicians,

p Gramay. whtre they facrificed with certaine Rites: They had their diuinacion by Birds and P O-
racles. Of the Corycian Den or Caue (fo called of the townc Corycos, almoft compaf-

q mlalibj.. fed with the fea)^/<r/<« 1 writeth,thatfrom the hill which afcendeththe fpace often

tap.ii- furlon"s,this Caue or Grange valley defcendcth by degrees.the further the more (paci-

ous enuuoncd with a grecne circle ofplcafant fliadic groues, filling the eyes and mind
at once with pleafure and wondcr.There is but one palfage into it.and that narrow and
rou^h, which continueih amileandhalfe vnderdeiightfuliniades, the nllsrunning
here and there, refbundingl know not what ftrange noifc inthofc darkcd bowers.
When they are come to the bottome, another Cane prcfcntly prcfents it fclfe, which
terrifieththofe that enter, with the multiplied founds of Cymbals and vncouth min-
ftrelfie. And the l-ght failing by degrces,it brings them intoadarkcvauIt,whereari-
uernfeth,and hauing rimne al'vviftcourie in a fhcrt channcl,is againe drunke vp of the
earth : fo (bone dieth that ftrcame w hich is yet immortall, the Earth dealing with thi?,
as feme with their childicnbcgottenand borne /Mfi^irj^wfj/^, fmootheringthat breath
which but cucn now from them they receiued,alway bearing, and alway barrcn.There
is a further paflage, but none durft view it, poflcfl'ed with a fupcrOitious fancie of the i
Gods inhabiting ; that conceit prefenting all things to the rninde as venerablcand full
of Deitie, which to thefenfe v/eredreadfull and full ofhorror. Beyond this was the
Tryphonianjalvvay coueredvvitha blackc mantle of uarkeneffe, fabuloully fuppofed

the



CHAP.ly. ASIA, The third l^ooke, \ir^



xhchtAoi TjTihoH^znd naturally cxtingiiifhing the naturall life of whatfoeucr entered.
Viito thcfc thing? vhich hauc been faid of ihcTemples,Priefts and Rites, oblerued
in Afi3,thi!s much may be added out of ' XWw,of their Sacrifices The Phrygians fa- ^ Lib.^.atp.'i^^
crificcd S wines blond. This did the G'^iZ/^Priefis ofCyte/e^and this, did the Bedlcm Vo-
ta; ics, to rccoucr ot their madncire. The Colophonians ctTcred a dog to £w^/.?,vvhich
is HecAte^ as did alfo the Carians to U^'f-^rs, The Phafclites in Pamphylia facrificed
filTics CO Cal/er, the fonnc of Vulcan ; and the Lydians, Eeje? to Neptune. The Cap-
padocianKings.in their Sacrifices to /«/'/>fri'rr^//o/;c«i, or .i^///r^K/>, on ahioh hil!^
built a great fire, the King and othersbringing wood thereto .-and after that another
Icffcr, uhich the King (prinkled withMilkeandHony, and after fired it, entertaining
ihofc which were prcicnt with good cheere.

Fencer^ tels ofdiumations vfedin fomcparts of Lycia : betwixt Myra and Phcl- ^ Teuctrusie
lus there was a fountainc full of f fhcs, by whofe forme, nature, motion, and feeding, Vimtitmt.
the Inhabitants vfcd diuination. The fameLycians, in thcgroueof v4po//<7,not farrc
from the Sea, had adrieditch, called Dina, in which the diuinerputinfifhe?, and ten
gobbets of rofted flefli, faftcncd on Ifiits, with ccrtaine prayers ; after which, the drie
ditch became full of witctjand fifhcs of all kinds and formcs^by which the Priefts ob=
ferued their Pridid^ions. Andnot farre from hence, at Myra:in Lycia, was thcfoun-
taine of y^poHo C"«r/«i, where the fiflics being three times called with a Pipc,aflcmblcci
thcmfclues,and if they dcuoured the meats giuen them,it was interpreted a good bode
andhappicprcfagc: ifthcy ftruckcaway the fame with their tailes, it was direfulland
dreadfuil. AtHicrapolisin I ycia, the fiflies in the Lake oft/'irww* being called by the
Temple keepers, prcfentcdfhemfelues, endmingto befcratchcd, gillcd, and mens
hands tobeputintheirmouthes. Thevdiuinedbylotsfixmoncths of the yeare toge-
ther, at PatarainLycia. in u^p*ll«ejTetny>\e. But 5</r«r«/ hath fwsllowcd his owne
children; and7";w^, which brought forth thcfc, bothCodsandRcligions, hath alfo
confiimcd them, not leauing any fuch mcmoriall of them as might fatisfic any curious
fearcher : yet in relation of the Greekifh Rites (from which thcfc, for the moft part*
hauc not much fwarucd) you may cxpc6t a more full and ample Difcourfc.

It is now time at lafi to reft our wcarie limbes : enough and more hath the t Calipha figni-

Pilgrim rold you of the Arabian Deferts, of the Monftcr Mahmet, and ficth Vicar. .,.

his Vicars ' the Caliphacs (euen in this title they will parallel SM/.ofthisvri-

Rome) of their Rapines anfwerable to their » name : of J^^ r „ -'l;-

incir Viperous oft-lpring the Turkcs, and of ^j,„ g^ others

thccldcr Inhabitants of that AfianTracft. vponthcSe-

Lct me here a litde breath mc, felat. ,

before I afcend the At- "/«'''4> 7^'<*



tnenian Hils.



uijb.



Gg OP



537



■r-^ - ^~.




OF THE ARMENIANS.

MEDES, PERSIANS, PAR^

THIANS, SCVTHIANS, TaRTA-*

RIANS, CHINOIS, AND OF

THEIR RELIGIOA'S.

The Fovrth Books.



CHAP. L

of Akm-eux K Ma I OR, and Georgia; And
the neighbeurmg T^atteas.

Lowly hitherto haae we proceeded in the difcouerie
ot apart of Afia ; fometime the ftore, fomctimcs
the want , of conuenicnt matter , detaining out
penne : In the one, Time, theconfumerofthingSp
caufing much time andpainesto bee fpcntin cu-
rious fearch, that wee might produce fomc light
out of darkenefle : In the other, ftore of Stories,
andvarictieof varying Authors hath dimmed out
weak"r eyes with too much light, vncertaineiti
fo many Traits and Tractates, where to beginnc,
and when to end. Nowatlaftarc wcepaflcd Eu-

phrates, into a Countrey that often exalteth it felfe,

as though it woula p.crce the Skies, and as often receiucth theduepunifhment of
ambitious pride.being caO downe into fo many lowly valleycs and dciedted bottoms.
The World, which after the Fioud was repeopled from hence.ftill carrieth in the fcue-
rall Ages, Places, Peoples, and Men thereof, the refemblance of this her Cradle,now
vp,now downCj in all varictie and vicifiitude ofchance and changc.condant in vncon-
ftincie, treading this Armenian Meafurc with vnequall paces, oner Hils and Dales,
hkcitfeUeonclyinvnlikeneffe. Heere Noes Arkclctled, and hceremuftourShippc
hoyfe fayle.

Armenia hath a part of Ctppadocia and Euphrates on the WcftjMcfopotamia on the
South J on the North pare, Coichis,lbcria, Albania ; on the Eaftjthc Cafpian Sea, and

C g 2 Media.




^ 5 8 OfJnmnia Malor^ and Georgia ,C7 c. Ch a p . I.



Media. Pare of this greater Armenia is now called Turcomania, the other part is con-
a Ptol.l.^.c.f^. tained in Georgia, Ptolemty ^ reckoncch in it principall Mountaincs, the Mofchici,
h ii'.n.mAnmt. Paryarges, or Paricdri, Vdacefpes, Antitaurus, Abos, andthc '° Gordii, which the
Gm. 8, Chaldean Paraphraft callcth Kardu; and j2i Curtins, Cerdai; Terofiu, Corcty£i.

c Haithanm, On thefe Hils the Atke refted, whereof we haue (pokcn in the firfl booke, <■ Hdu,

or Anton'm, tho» (if we bcleeuc him of his owne Countrey, where he was of royall linag?) calleth
Armcnm. thisMountaine Arath, little differing from the Scriptiire-oppellatinn Ararat, andad-

dcth, That although, in regard of abundance of Snow, alway pofltfling the top there-
of, none be able to goc vp thither, yet there alway appearcth in the toppc a certaine
blackc thing, which the vulgar people efteeme to be the Arke.Peihaps it may be Ionic
cloud or mift which grofl'e vapours doe often caufe on the tops of high hijles. For be-
fore Hitthons daies; BeniAmw TudeUr.fts telleth that one (jharfiar ben Alchctab had ta-
ken thence the remainder of the Arke, and therewith built an IfmaeliticallMcfchit.
And yet a man may heerein doubt alfo : for concerning reliques pretending (uch An-
tiquitie. Faith can finde no foundation in fuch ruinous rubbifh ; and wee haue before
hih.\.ia^%. fliewcd out ot "Beraftes znATsljcoLiHs 1>Amitjce>!fcsoio\d, and (^armrights later tra-

uels, what may be thought thereof.
, .•■ Armenia (as Str.ibo •^ affirmcth) receiued the name of one of //r/«».r Companions,

which followed him in his Nauigation out of Harmcnia.a Citie ofTheflalic, betweenc
Phcrxand Larifla. The wealth of this Region appeared,when PrcAw^ aprointing
T<granes to bring in to thcTlomanes fixe thoufand Talents of Siluer, hcc added vo-
luntarily, beyond that fumme, to cueiy louldiourintheCampefifcic drammesof Sil-
ucr, to euery Centurion a thoufand, to euery Dcputic of a Countrey, and Chiliarchc,
a Talent.

Their Religion mull at f;rfl becthat which ?v(»^^ and his FamilicprofelTed; after
e Pftudo-Bero- by time corrupted. Heere ( ' faith our Teroftt^i ) ls^*h inftruded his poftcritie in di.
frs,lib.}, uine and humane Sciences, and committed many naturall fecrets vnto writing, which

the Scythian Armenians commend to their Prieffs onely; none clfe bcii.g fuffered
to lee, or reade, or teach them. He left alfo RituallBookes, or Ceremonial], of the
\vhichhcwaste3rmed5<^^, thatis, Pricft orBiOiop. He taught them alfo Aflrono*
mie, and the dillinff ion of yeares and moncths : For which, they eflecmcd him parta.
ker of diuine Nature, and furnamed him Olybama and ey^rfa, that is, the Heaucn and
ihcSunne, and dedicated to him many Cities; fome (faith he) remaining at th;s day,
which beare thefe names. And when he went from thence to goiierne Cytim, which
now (ashe aflirmeth) they call Italy, the Armenians were much affe6fed to him.aud
after his death accounted him the Soule of th'e hcauenly bodies, and bcHowcd on him
diuine honors. Thus Armenia, where he began, and Italy, where he ended, doe wor-
fhip him, and afcribe to him Nam? s Heaucn, Sunne, Chaos, the Scedc of the World,
the Father of the greater and leffe Gods,thc Soule ol" the World, mouing He3uen,and
the Creatures, and Man; the God of Peace, luHicejHolincffe, putting away hurc-
full things, and preferuing good. And for this caufe both Nations fignifie him \n their
writings with the course ot theSunne, and motion of the Moonc, and a Scepter of
Dominion, perfccuting and chafing away the wicked from among the forietie of
men, and with the challitie of the bodie, and I'anff imonie ot the miadc, the two kcyes
f The wife of of Religion and HappinefTe. They called alfo f Tidea., the mother of all, after her
]<OAh. death, ft^cf//;*, that is, the Earth, and £/i?/t, that is, the Fire,becaufe fliec had bcene

Quecneofthe Holy Rites, and had taught maidens to keepe the holy cuerlafling fire
from euer going out.

No^ih, before hee went out of Armenia, had taught men Hu'bandrie, more ay-
ming at Religion and Manners then Wealth andDainties, which prouoke to vnlav\'-
full things, and had lately procured the v\rath of God. And firft of all men hcc
found out and pUnted Vines, and was therefore called /^ww, whichto the Aramar-
ansfbundeth as much as the Author of Wine. Thusfarre 'Btrofm lib.-i^. and in the
fourth Booke hee addcth, That Nymbrot (the firlt Saturne of Babylon) with his fonnc
bifiter B'Ans ^ ftolc away thofe Rituall or Cercmoniall bookes oi It^fuer Sagm, and
came vvith his people into the Land Scnnaar, where hee appointed a Citie, a:.dlayd

the



^\



Cha p.i. ASIA. The fourth 'Booh. ■ 329



the foundation of a great Tower a hundred one and thirticyeeres after the FJoud; but
neither finifhed this, nor founded the other. Old /<?»/« when he went hence, left i'(7-
tha, with his mother Ar4xa, and fome inhabitants, to people Armenia, being thefirft
.King thereof ; Sabatiw Saga being confecrated High Pricli, from Armenia vnto the
Ba(ftrians : all which fpacc (faith hec) in our Age is called Scythia Saga. Inhisfifth
booke hee reporteth, That Inciter Belus, poflefled with ambition of fubduing the
whole vvorldjclofely endeuoured to make (or take) away Sttbattiu Saga , who, being
not able otherwile to cfcape his treacheric,flcd away fecretly. But Nmm the fonne of
Behfs, purfued his fathers intent ag3infti'^^^n/«,whofubftitutcd his (onncBar^ijines
in his place,andfledde into Sarmatia.and after from thence into Italic.to his father la-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 68 of 181)