Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 69 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 69 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

nu4. Barz^anes was fubdued by Nmns. But to come to an Authour of better creditc
Si'rr^^flfaith.Thc Armenians and Medcshauc in veneration all the Temples of the g Sirat.Uu,
Perfians ; but the Armenians efpeciallycfteemc the Temples of ^ T^;?^;;, , as erecting h Tanau
them in other placeSjfo in Acilefina. They dedicate vnto them men-fcruants and wo- Armenian
men feruanrs : the moft noble of thatNation there (dedicating (hall I fay ?or)profti- Goddtrte;
curing their daughters; where after longproftitution with their Goddcflc, they are ^ometearroe
giuen in marriage,none refusing fuch matches. Howmuchcanthefliadow, howlit- ^^'■•^*^'"*»
tlecanthcfubftanceofRcligionpcrfwademento ? The Image oi Tanats, or Anatt is,
was fetvp in her Temple all of Iblid golde: and when zs Antomns Wixred aoainftthc
Parthians.this Tempi: was robbed. The fame ' went > That he which firft had laycd ' C«^-^biid!g,
facrilcgious hands on the fpoylcs.was fmitten blind, and fo difeafed,that he died ther- '•'^•'^•^^*
of. Rut when J^gfisfM , being entertained of an auncient warriour at Bononi'a asked
him of the truth ot this report, he anfwercd, Thou licw, O Emperour , drinkeft that
bloud ; for I am the man, and whatfoeiicr I hauecame by that bootic. This Goddeflc
is fuppofed to be the fame with Diana. A Region of Armenia bare the fame name
Anattis. * > ,, '

How bloudie Rites the Armenians fomeiimcs vfed, appearcih •= by the Hiftoric of k Gramnyt
the RiuerAtaxes, before called Halmus, borrowing this later name ofa King there '^''"'o-
raigning;towhom, inwarrcs betwixt him andthcPcrfians.the Oracle prclcribed
the facrificcofhis two fairc daughters. Pictie forbad what pictie commaunded;and
whiles the King would be an vmpirc betwccnc Nature and the Oracle (which is the
Yfuallcuentinarbitrements)hefatisfiedneyther. That the Oracle might be fulfilled,
he facrificed two of noble binh,of notable beautic : that Nature might not be wron-
ged,hewrongcdIuftice (the true touch-ltoneoftruepietie) he fpared hisowne.and
offered the daughters oiMiefalcm : but fo he loft both his daughters by Miefalctu
reuenging fword,and himfelfe in this Riuer by himfelfe drowned. Bacchta loued Al-
;/w//-rf4,an ArmenifinDamfell, and while Tygris, then(if you bcleeuc the Storie)
called Sollax.was too coolc a mediator betweene the two hot loucrs , he fwamme o-
ueronaTygersbacke. Hence the fable of his Mctamorphofis into a Tygre: hence
that nameleft to the Riuer. Armenia was fubdued to the Perfians by Ar«/; one part
thereofpayedtothePerfianstwentiethoufandColtsforycarely tribute, l Sanalier, ^.
fonnc to r«fr^«« the Armenian King, confpired againft his father: the'confpirators i gc li^"^'
fealed their bloudie faith with a bloudie ccrcmonie ; they let themfclucs bloud in the
right hands,and then dranke it. Wonder.that in fuch a treachcrie (as immediately be-
fore the fame Author affirmeth of yl/<>^r«iir« his fonne) that any man would helpe,
orthathedurftimportuncthc Gods:nowondcr,thatfo bloudie a fcale was annexed'

The Temple cf^^im (mentioned by J^r4^o; may happily be fome Monument of
Neahs defcent,by corruption of the wordZ«^^r,as before faid,™ Jofiphus out ofNico.
laus Damafie»usc2\\\t\g it 5^m,with loflc ofthe firft fyllable. " ^ntiqjib.u

jHttenaliccukth the Armenians ofSooth-faying, and Fortune-telling, by viewing "*"*"
the inwards of Pigeons, Whclpes,and Children. HiswordesareinJ-^r./J.


Sfortdet amatorem tenernmvel diuitis or hi
Teflamentum tngens, calidafulmone coiumhti
Tra^Ato^ArmentHS vel Commagenus Arulfex

Gg 3 Ptcior*


Of Armenia Maior^and Geor^ia,zjrc» Chap, I

Pius I.

hath Melaba-
part ofTaurus

p Preachers

PeEiora fulmonmn rimabitttr, exta cmelli,

Interdnm &f fieri:

A tender Loucr, or rich Lcgacic,

Of child Icfle Rich man,for your deftinic, »

Th' Armenian Wizard in hot Lungs doth fpic
of Pigeons : Or of Whelpcs the inwards handling,
Orfomctimes (bloudic fearch) ofchildrcn^mangling.

The Mountaincs ° of Armenia pay tribute vnto many Seas : by Phafis and Lycu j vmo
thePontike Sea; Cyrus and Araxes vnto the Cafpian ; Euphrates and Tygris vnto the
Red or Petfian Sea : thefe two laft are famous for their ycarcly ouerflowmgs, the for-
mer ofthem arifing amidft three other feas,yet bythe incroaching violence ofthc bee-
tle-browed Hills enforced to a farre longcr,morc intricate,and tedious way, before he
canrepofe his wearied -.vauestthc other, forhisfwiftncfle, bearing the nameofTy-
gris,whi;h with the Medcs fignifieth an Arrow. Solimu, cap. 40. faith. That it paffeth
through the Lake Arethufa, ncyther mingling waters nor fifhes, quite of another co-
lour from the Lake : it diueth vndcr Taurus *,and biingcth with it much droflc on the
other fide of the Mountaine.and is againe hidden, and againe rcftored , and at laft car-
rieth Euphrates into the Sea. The Armenians, befides their naturall Lords, haue been
fubiefl to the Perfians ; after theMacedonians, and againe to the Perfian ; af-
ter to y^A?fwc^<« Captaines : then, to the Romanes andParthians, toflcd betwixt the
Grecians and Saracens; fubdoed after fucceflTiuely to the Tartarians, Perfians, and
Turkes. Of thefe prcfent Armenians M' .Cartwri^ht Preporteth,That they are a peo-
ple very induftrious in all kinde of labour : their women very skilfull and aftiue in
fhootingand managing any fort of wcapon,like the auncient Amazons. Their fami-
lies arc greatjthe father and al^his pofteritie dwelling together vndcr one Roofe,ha-
uing their fubftance in common : and when the father dieth,the eldcft fonne doth go-
uerne the reft ; all fubmittingthcmfclucsvnder his Regiment : after his death, not his
foune,but the next brother fucceedeth,and fo after al the brethren are dead, to the el-
deft fonne. In diet and clothing they are all alike. OfthcirtwoPatriarches,aRd theic
Chriftian profeflion.we are to fpe'ake in fitterplacc.

The Turcomanians (later inhabitants) are as other the Scythians or Tartarians,
(from whence they are deriucd)theeuifli,wand rmgvpanddownc in Tents without
certa;ne hab!tations,like as the CurM alfo their Southerly neighbours, their cattell and
their robberies being their greatcft wealth. Of their Religion ( except of fuch as after
their manner be Chriftians, which wc muft dcferre till a fitter time ) we can findc little
to fay, more then is faid alreadie in our Turkidi Hiftorie. This wc may here deplore of
the vnhappiefiteofArmenia,which though it repeopled the world, yet is itleaft be-
holding to her viperous off fpring, a mappe of the worldcs miferies, through fo many
ages.For being hemmed alway with mightie neighbours on both fides, it felfe is made
the bloudie Lifts of their ambitious encounters, alway loofing whofoeuer wonnc, al-
way the gauntlet of the ChalIenger,theCrowne of the Conquerour. This(toletpafle
elder times) the Romanes and Parthians.Greeke Empcrours and Saracens, Turks and
Tartarians, Turkes and Mamalukes,Turks and Perfians,do more then enough prouc.
Ptolorficy pla ceth to the North of Armeniaj Colchis, wafhed by the Pontike Sea; Alba-
nia by the Cafpian; and betwixt thefe two Iberia, now (together with fomepartof
Armenia) called Georgia,eyther for the honourof their Patron S. George^ot haply bc-
caufethcy defccndcd ofthofcGcorgi , vvhich ?//Wf q nameth among the Cafpian in-
habitants. Strabo ' re cordcth foure kindes of people in this Iberia : of the firft fort are
cholen two kings,thc one precedent in age and nobilitic,the other'a Leaderin Warre,
and Law- giucr in Peace : the fecond fort, are the Priefts : the third, Husbandmen and
Souldjcrs : the fourth, the vulgar fcruile people. Thefe hauc all things common by
Familics,but he is Ruler which is eldcft; a thing obferued ofthc Armenian Cbriftiani
(as before is faid ) eucn at this day. Ccuflrjimm Pcrfhj/rogertitm ' the Empcrour wri*'
teth, That the Iberians boaft and glorie of their dcfccnt from the wife oiVriah, which


r StraliJ, 1 1 .

"confl dead-
mim(irando im-
pcrio ad Kom.t-

Chap«i. ASIA, The fourth 'Booh: 341

p<»«<Wdcfilcd,andofthe children gotten betwccne them. Thus would they fecmcto
be ofkin to Damd and the Virgin Alarie : and for that caufe they marrie in their owii
kindred. They came (they fay) from Icrufalem , being warned by Vifion to depart
thcnce,andfeated themfeluesinthefcparts. There departed from Icxuhlcm DiU/id,
and his brother Spa»diates, who obtamcd (fay they) fuch a fauour from God, that no
member of his could be wounded in warre, except his heart, whit h hce therefore dili-
gently armed ; whereby hebecamedreadfull to the Perfians, whom lie fnbducd, and
placed the Iberians in thefe their habitations. In thetimeofHcr/rc/w/thcy aydedhim
againlt the Perlians,which after that became an eafie prey to the Saracens.Of the Ro-
man conqucfts & exploits in*Armenia,Colchi>:,''beria,A!b3nia,I lift not here to relate, *dm?» cifuitt
Albaniaf (now Zuiria)lyeth North and Eaft betwixt Iberia and the Sea, of which 11>.^7.6^a9.
^fr<?^oaffirmeth,thatthey need not the Sea, v\ho make no better vfc of the land: for '^i"""^ !'l'- 4*
they beftow not the leaft labour in husbandrie,and yet the earth voluntarily and libe- '"'^Z''^"''^' ''*
rally yeeldeth her ftore : and where it is once may twice or thrice be reaped, f B(,ter'us.c<elhH
The men were fo fimple, that they neyther had vfe of money , nor did they number a- Rodigrnuikn.
bouc an hundred; ignorant of wcights,meafures,war,ciuilitic,husbandrie: there were /inttqiiarum.
in vfe amongft them lixe and twcntielanguagesThey had 'Spiders which would pi:o- 'i'-'S."?-?.
cure death vnto men fmiling.andfomealfo which did men to die weeping. Pmfcamiiusi

They worfliipped the Sunne, Iupuer,ind the Moone, whofe Temple was necrc to i savfoumu Sc
Ibcria.The Prrcft,which ruled it,was next in honourto the King : he pcrfomieth the vmfuu-ndus,
holyRites,ruleththeholyRegion,whichis large and full ofpeople: of the facred Ser- report of fuch
uants,many,being infpired,doe diuinc or prophecie. He which is moft rauiflied with Spiders^in Ita-
the fpiritjWatidreth alone through the woods : him the Prieft taketh, and bindeth wii h l"^.''" ^.f^
a facredchaine,allowinghimfumptuousnourin-imentthefpaceof a yearc, and after i^aramtl
briogcth him to be (lain w'th other facriRces to the Goddcfle.The Rites are thus:One
which is skilfullofthisbunnefle.holding that facred fpeare wherewith ihey vfe to flay
theman,fteppingforth,thruftcth it into his heart: in his falling they obferuc certaine
tokcnsofdiuinationtthendoetheybringoutthebodieinto fonic place, where they
all go oucr it. The Albanians honoured olde-age in all men,death in none, accounting
it vnlawfull to mention a dead man; with whom they alfo buried his wealth. ^ n Vila, Ij-czi
out oflfigontis af!irmeth,that a people called Albani (not thefe I thinke , if any ) were
hoary haired from their chi!dhood,and faw as well by night as by day.

Mengrelia (fometime Colchis) adioyneth to the Euxine Sca,in which country Strx-
^omcntioncth the Temple oi LeMcothea,h\\\\AtA by Phryxm: where was alfo an Ora-
cle,andwhereaRammctnightnotbe{laine. ThisTemplewas fometimes very rich,
but fpoyled by f^4r»^.v,and after of Af/f^nW^/'w.j This countrey the Poets hauemade
famous by the fables o(Phryxits, and Jafon. Phryxia the fonne of v^r)[)^»;^j,Prince of
Thebes, and of iVf/;/;!?/!-, with his fifter He/le fled from their cruell ftcpdam I«o, vpon
thebackcofagoldenRamme, from which Hf//if falling into the water, oauc name
thereto, of her called Hellef^cnt : "P/^n-vwicommingfafe intoColchis,facrificed to
Jupiter, and hanged vp the fleece of his Ramme in the g: oue ofA<fars ; which cuftomc
wasyearelypra6lifedofhispofteritie. 74/fl« after by command ofPf/z^tf (fecking by a
barbarous cneonie.or a dangerous nauif^ation to delhoy him) with fourefcore & ninc-
tcene other companions in the fhip,callcd ylr-go, (etched this fleece from hence by the
helpe of Afediea : and the fliip and the Ramme filled heauen with new Conftellations.
Thatfable'thad ground of Hiflorie, howfoeuerbyfii^ions obfcuied. For the Riuers ^ oiodsk 1 4
here in Colchis are reported to carriegold downe with their flreams and fands,which Nat.Com.lib.g.
the people take with boords bored full ofholes, and with fleeces ofwooll.Spainc hath JuftiaJ 4*.
oflateyceldedmany fuch Argonauts, with longer voyages, fecking the golden Indi- ^'''<»^.'-ii.
anFleecCjwhich their Indian conqueft may make the enfignc of their Order more fitly,
then their Burgundian inheritance. Suidat applyeth this Fleece anil Ramme,to books ^""^'i" '""
of Alchymie,written in parchments made of Rammes skinncSjWhichDf/w account- <^t?<'f-i^'l''*
eth an Art of Naturall Magicke,and poflible,howfoeucr thefe well as the '^'f^'^^i-'-^'
Atmenians,Egyptians,Perfians,and Chaldeans were infamous for that other, which
he calleth Deuilli/htind Med<iAi% moft renowned for that fcience,the ignorance wher-
Ofis the bcft learning.

Herodottts "



Of Armenia Malor^and Georgia ^is'


y ijfr.i.

X Annd.l.€,


* Aug.tusbcq.

HerodotHsf is ofopinion that SefoBris left fomc of his Armic here at the Riuer Pha-
fis.perfwadcd hereunto by the agreement of the Colchians and Egyptians in the fame
ceremonie of Circumcifion.and in the like workes of Hcmpe. Vadianus citcth out of
VaUrtHs FUccus the hkc teftimonic. PUmtm his fixth bookc, and fifth chapter, rcpor-
teth ofDiofcurias a Citic of Colchis, whilome fo famous , that77wc/?/jfwjafiirmeth
that three hundred nations ofdiffering languages liued in it, and afterwards thcRo-
man affaires were theremanaged by an hundred and thirtie Interpreters. " Corneltus
Tacitus faithjthat they accounted it vnlawfull to offer a Rammc in Sacrifice, bccaufe of
/"^rj-Ar/r^hisRammc, vncercaine.whetheritwcre a beaft, or thccnfigncof his fliippc.
They report thcmfelucs tiic iflue of the ThclTalonians.

The prcfentMcngrclians are rude and barbarous, defending themfelues from the
Turks by their rough Hills and ragged poucrtie : fo inhumancjthat they fell their own
children to the Turkcs.I rcade not ofany other Religion at this day amongfl them but
Chriftian/uch as it is. Some adde thefe alfo to the Georgians. The wiues of diuersof
thefc peoplc.reported to be excrcifed in armes and martiall fcats^happily gauc occafi-
on to that fable or hiftorie of the Amazons.

BttshequMs ' faith, that Colchos is a very fertile Countrey , but the people idle and
careleflc: they plant their Vines at the footeof great Trees, which marriage pro-
ueth very fruitfull, the husbands armes being kindly embraced, and plentifully laden.
They haucnomoney.but in flead of buying and felling they vfc exchange. If they
hauc any of the mote precious mcttals , they arc confecratedtothc vfeot their Tem-
plesjwhcnce the King can borrow them vnder pretence of publike good. The King
hath all his tributes paicd in the fruits of the earth, whereby his Pallace becommeth a
publike (tore-houfe to all commers. When Merchants conie,thcy giuc hima prefent,
and he feafteth them : the more wine any man drinkcth the more welcom he is. They
arc much giuen to belly-chcerc , dauncing, and loofe Sonnets oflouc and dalliance.
They much caroll the name of /f(?W<i»<^ or Or/««Wo, which name it fecmethpafled to
them with the Chriftian armie$,which conquered the Holy- Land. No maruell \i Ceres
and 54fc/;«/ lead in Venns betwixt them ; which fo rijleth in thefc partes, that the huf-
band bringing home a gueft.comrncnds him to his wife & fiftcr, with charge to yeeld
him content and delight,efteeming it a credite.that their wiues can plcafe and be ac-
ceptable. Their Virgins become mothers very foone ; moft of them at ten years oldc
canbringwitnelTes in their armes (little bigger then a great frogge, which yet after
grow tall & fquare men) to proue that there is neuer a maidc the leffe for them. S wca«
ring they hold an excellent qualitie.and to be a fafhion. monger in oathes,glorious : to
ftealc cunningly wins great repucation,as of another 7l/(frf«r;(ri and they which can-
not doe it,areholden dullards and blockes. When they goe into a Church, they giuc
meanerefpe£t to the other Images: Saint George is fo worfhipped, that his horfcs
hoofes arekilTed of them. Dadianusthe King of Colchos or Mengrelia,canie afuiter to
So/ymMt vjhWc Bttsbequius was there. Betwixt them and the Iberians, their neighbour*,
is much difcord. And thus much of theirprcfent condition.

Hatthon » the Armcnian.extending the confines of Georgia to the great Sea, faith,
InthisKingdomc isathingmonflrousand wonderfull, which I would not hauc fpo-
ken nor bcleeucd,had I not fcene it with mine owne eyes.In thefe parts there is a Pro-
uince called H<*«»/<^w,contayning in circuit three dayes iourneyjand fo farre is it couc-
red withanobfcuredarkenes, that none can fee any thing, nor dare any enter into it.
The inhabitants therabouts affirm, that they hauc often heard the voyce of men how-
ling, cockes crowing.ncighing of horfcs ; and by the pafTagc of a Riuer,it appeareth to
hauc flgnci ofhabitation. This is reported by the Armenian hiftories to hauc come to
paffe by the hand dcliucring his Chriftian feruants (by Samreus a Perfian I*
dolater,Lordofthi$ place appointed to die) and fopunifliingwith outward darkenes
the inward former bhndncs and rage of thofe perfecuting Idolaters.Thus H**thonHs or
AntoMHs k Churcht (for fo Orteltus nameth him) but this darkenes feemcth more aun-
cient,and to hauc bin the caufe of that prouerbe,'> Cimmertx tenehra.

The Georgians (girt in with two mightie aduerfarics , the Perfian and the Turke)
hauc endured much grieuancc from them both : and, in the late warres,cfpecially from



b TutinAca-
dem. c'mmtr^
qiiibus afpiSlum
lolU fmeDeusti-
turt ademitjiMt
eiuf quern inct-

lunt loci Jim,

Chap.K ASIA. The fourth Booke, 345

theTurke, ' who hath taken and fortified many of their principal! places of iinj-or- ^ ig^Bot.sen.
tance. Gori, Clifca, Lori,Tomanis,Tcflis, the chiefcCicie of Georgia, vnto which
from Derbenc there yet remaincs the foundation of a high and thicke wall built by
tyilex.tndtr. 0>-f.'/;«/c(icernctli Dcrbent to be d«crf/7rf/)or.'-^, v\hich T /my^ cMcih Al'UnJ.6c.\j,
a mightie vvorke of nature, &:c. Weft ward from hence is entrance into the CircaiTiaa
counttcy, extending it feitc on OMeotij fiue hundred miles, and within land two hun-
dred. ChriliiansthcyareinprofcfTion ; from hence the Soldansof Egypt had their
flaues, of which were raifcd their Mamalukes. Their chlcfe Cities are Locoppa and
Cromuco : at the mouth of Tanai^ the Turke hath fortified Afajh. They hue in great
part on robberies. In old time in this trad was P hanagoria, 2n(i therein the Temple of
reuns furnamed Afaturm, ' becaufe, that when the Giant> aflaulrcd her,flie implored e SUibolib.ii,
the aide of Hcrcnhs, who flew them all one after another. Cimmetium a towne at
thcfcftraits, gaue name thereunto, o[Ct!>:mfrius'Boffhorui. But little can be faid of
thcfc in particular, more then generally may be laid of the Scythians, to whom they

are reckoned.

Gcorgitu IntertMits f hath written a trai^ate of thcfcZ^c/;*', or Circajjl, called of f Aiud K,a>Hii(.
themfelucs Adtgi; exprcfling their vnchrifiianChnnianitie,and barbarous manner of
liuing ; which"! hold fittclt mourdifcouciie of the diuers profcirionscfChriftian Re-
ligion to rclar^l^

Some sadde vnto Armenia in their moderneMapfes and Difcoucrief, bcfidcs the g C.BotXen,
Turcoman!, a people that came thither out of Tartaria, thcCurdi, both flill retaining Abr.Hart^
the Tartarian and Arabian manner of life in tents, without Citics,Towiies, or houfcs. *^- ''|'^"''
Tlieir religion haltcth betwixt diuers rchgioni of the Turkes, Perfians, and Chrirtians '""*•'■
ofthelacobiteandNcilcrianScdts. Tn heart, they are neither fall to God nor man;
diflembiing vvith the Persian and Tnrke ; and better skilled in robbcria, murthcr, and
faithlefletreacherie (their daily praftife) then myftcries offaith and religion. They
are alio Lords ot Bitlis, and fomc other Cities and holds 'n thofc parts. Tliey are cal-
led Courdinei by Sir Ant, >' her ley j who faith they know no other fruits of the eanh gjj. ^ g j^j^
but what belonged to the fuftenanc'e of their cartell, vpon the miike, butter, and flefh Ttaueliinto
cfwhich they liue. ruled by certaine Princes ot tht. it ownc, which giue partly an obc- Ptrjk.
dience to the Turke, partly to the Perfian, asthey areneercft the confines of the one
or the other. Yet in that fimplicitie of lining, through ambition wanes grow daily
among them, eucn to the extirpation cfa whole Nation. As wee found frefhiy whea
we pafled by one ofthofc Princes called Hiderkngae^zli whofe people were deuoured
by the fword, or carried away caj'ciue by Cobatheaguc ; and himfelfe remained onely
with foire twenty foules in a rockc. Tenthoufand of thefe Courdines, fubictfttothc
Turke, abandoned their Counttcy, and requeflcd feme wafte land tobegiuenthem
hy Abas the prefent Periian,which gaue them entertainment : one occafion of quarrell
betwixt him and the Turke. They are fuppofed to be a remnant ofthe ancient Parthi-
ans,and ncuergocabroadwi-.hout their armes.bowes, arrowes,fcimitars andbuck-
lcrs,eucn when age feemeth to haue fattened one foot in the graue. They adore ^ and b Cartwights
worfhip the Deuill, thn he may not hurt them, nor their cattcll : they are cruell to all Ttauels.
forts of Clirillians : their Countrey is therefore called Terra Dic.i'eli, One of their
Townes is mmediJi^anufcMe, amile from which is an Hofpitall dedicated to Sainc
lohn'Bapti^, much frequented as well by Turkes, asChriftians, whom fiiperft^tion
hath perfwaded, that whofoeuer wil bertow kidde,fheepc, ormoncy, torclccuethe
poore of that place, fliall both profpcr in his iourncy , and obtaincthe forgiueneffc of
his (innes.


^44 OftheMedes, Chap.z;

C H A r. 1 1.

of the Medes.

ft . ft^rfs«ia^_a Rmeiiia extending it felfc (if /«i7;»<f»haucnieafurcd rightly) cleuen

^^'A^^S hundred miles, on the Ealtencountreth Media, in which hcth our

^<i /M:^ ^^ ncxtperambulation.Icrcceiucdthcnamcofy1/4<i<?/,thcfonncof/«.

b StTAboUbAi. ^5^^^ phn, not of Aff</«« the fonnc ofMedea and /-e/iw. It islimited ton

^^^^B^ the North, with the Cafpian fca ; on the South, with Pcrfia ; on the

<: Flin.Ui.c.i^ Eaft, wichParthia. £fJ^f4w<f,thcchiefeCitie, built (as /'/«»; ^affir-

meth) by Seleucus, (indeed farre more ancient, and by him happily reedificd) is diftant

from the Cafpian Straits twcntie miles. Thefc Straits are a narrow way made by hand

thorowthchilles, fcarce wide enough for a cart ro paflc, eight miles in length, the

rockcs manifcHing their indignation at this interruption, by obfcurc frowncs, and

^ Stl.caf.i9. falt^tcarcs continually ft) earning from them, which 1 know not by what fuddcn hor-

ror,arc prefently congealed into ice; alio all the Summer time with armies of Serpents

keeping the paflages. VVellmay thisbethe houfeof Enuy : fofitly doth that fable of

c Ouid.Mcta- the Poet < agree with the nature otthis place. %

mtrJib.i. * DomuseSltfBisinvalhbushHius,

AbSta.foIecarens, non vlli peruia vcnto,
Jgnc vacetfemper, caltgtMefemper abundet,
..-...-Videtinttts edentem

VipereAscarriei,vttiorHmAliment4fuorMm, •


* lucl.i. of EchtM AWCTCide in the Hiftorie of* I(idith,ihit yirp4f^y^ii</builcthc wallesof

* Lih.i. hewen ftoncSjfeucntie cubits high, and fiftic cubits broad,&c. Heredottis* iffirmctK

that after the Aflyrians had raigned in Afia fiue hundred and twenty yccres,the Medes
rebellcd.and chofe Deioces to be thf ir King,and at his c6mrrand buildcd him this rot-
all Citic, and aPallaccofgrcatbeautie (the timber whereof was Cedar, ioinedwith
plates offiiuer and gold ; it was feuen furlongs in compafle) his fucccflours are there
f I H'nYb xeckoncd,PhrMertes,Cyoxares,JJli(!ges. Jufiinffre^oncthihn ArhUus ov y<r/>ac(s,
' LieuetenantoftheMcdesvnder5'<??'^"«»<«/'<«/«J, rebelled againft him for his effeminate
hfc, and tranflated the Empire from the AlTyrians, with whom it had continued thir-
jg v'ttdiirm Sic. tecnc hundred yecres,to the Medes, DiodorMs Stculus E addeth in this^ 7. to this Arbaees the Mede, Belefas, whom fomc call PhulBe/achihe Babylonian, who
Milan. chra.l,i. fj^jj-^jj j^g Stjjc betwixtthem ; the Babylonian poffcfling BabylcKta and -Affyri* j and
h See/.i.«.i3. ty^rbAc fs. Media znd Perjiit. Ofthis more is ^ faid before. '

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 69 of 181)