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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 7 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 7 of 181)
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a Jvtati/Con- mentioned by C^o/f^ haue their originall, whencetheyrunne, andare fwallowed
cUue. vp of the earth,and after rifing in diuers places of the world, are known by the names

Qi Ndits^Cjanges, Tigris, Euphratet.' Hugo de S .ViElore^nA Adrichemifts are of this
* Hugo Anmt. opinion; yea.the great Cardinall ^ Caietane and Bellanyitne place He;7och^x\6. Ehat in
hi Gtncf. earthly Paradife,yet lining there vntill the time of Antichrift,which wood he cannot

b Adnc chroit. f^g (^bcing in the middell of it) for trees. But the difcouery ofthe World by Trauel-
ncf.7 "Be'llde " '^'■^' ^'"^ defcription thereof by Geographers, will not fuffer vs to follow them (to
Komj'oni.lili.i the want ofwhich Art,ImeaneGcographie,fuchfantafies may beimpiitcd)whcrcby
cap.6.&de alfo is confuted the opinion of them which place it vndcr the Equino(fliall circle, as
grat.primU oml- Durandns and Bonanentura.

'"■'l>> -r r.., t "^ Others account fo much to Paradife as thofe foure Riucrs doe water, eucn the

& CMion. cnicrc part or Airike and Alia : and lome confine it in freighter limits of Syria , Ara-
bia and Mcropotamia,as if >>^i^rfw/ had bccnefo couctous as his pofleritie, or fo la-
borious



C H A p . ^ . The fir ft 'Baokto



ip



borious as to husband fo large Countries, The falfc interpretation cf thofe Riuers to

be Niliii-,G,:i.'gcs,&c:.\Ma.s the caufe ofthis error; thc^ Scptuagint tranflating in Head d in ryTq.-,

of^/c/feor (which is 7v(z7i«) G/6o» the name ot'oiieofthefeOreamcs. a-iere.z.iS^'

Afofe; as it were of purpofc by an cxail: Chcrography and delineation of the litiia-
tion^doth meeie with thofe errours , and with other the like , which I doe net hecre
relate. Ncyther is their opinion to be followed, which drowne all altogether in the
dcluge.fecingthat after that time Mefis wrote this.Fraacifct-u Innms in his readinj^s e See alfo An-
ouGeneiis '•■ hath largely and learnedly handled this matter, and added a Map alfo of ''")t.T>e^.i^
Hcdcn in which it liood,and the coiirfe ofthe Riuers with the Countries adiacenc; In ^'•"^•''' ^*''^«
him the Reader may finde fatisfa{ftion. He fhevvcth out oHltntins^ PUme^ and Soli-
»«/,the miraculous fcrtilitie of that part of Babylonia, which Ptolomy calleth v:/^>-^_
nitis or yf«^^«///J,eafily declined from Heden,the name giucn by cJ^fu/f^jmcntioncd
after Mofcs i\mt,z.'Reg.\9.ii.mA Ef.^j. i 2,

For the foure Riuers he fheweth them out otT tolemey,Stri^.bo,Pime,1)io>7,^Ji{ar~
£-f//;>/«^,C^f.toberomany diuifionsof£/f/7^r^/if/, vyhtxtoiH ah ar fares or Neharja-
res is G/i?'o«,that which pafleth through Babylon,is for the excellency peculiarly cal-
led Pirath ovEffphrates ; Nehar-mnlca ot'^afiliiis,Pifhsn ; Tigris,^ (^hiddel'^l.Vox the f 7''|?'^i is both
fiery fword he obferueth out ofT/w/j/zi^. 2.c. io6.accrtainemirackofNaturein Ba- '^-greater
bvlonia,whcre the ground is feen burning continually about the quantity ofan acre, r '"i7 ^"'! ^ .
But this place will not ferueto difputcthis point. It thole Riuers doc not now re- runneth ci;c of
mainCjOivhaue alteredcyther channcll or names, it is no new thing m fo olde a conti- Euphraus jnto
nuance ofthe world. It is more then probable, that here in theic parts Paradife was, ^'i''-'^ which is
although now deformed by the Floudjaad by Time confumcd and become a Stage '^^'■''^Meanc.
ofBarbarifme,

Ney ther hath the place alonS becne fuch a pitched fieldc ofOpinions, but the fruit
alfo which cjlfo/e^ exprefleth to be the inftrument andoccafion d ity^dems luinc,
bach fetlbme mens teeth on edge, who tell vs wh^t it is, as if they had lately taRed
cfit, acertainefigneindecdeandfruiteofthatonccvnlawfull tafting. sGoropJ'isA „ Gorexecgn.
man addidled to opinions , which I knowefiot whether hee did holdc more (Irange- ir.dvfcphkx.
]y or rtrongly,though he inlargcth Paradife oner the World, yet hce maketh >idum
an Indian (maruailehec placeth him not in Dutch-land, for that was his language,
if'Si-fffiW/^betobebeleeued.) About the Riuer^^r/Fw/, betwixt Indus and t/.j«-
j^« (faith he) growcth that admirable Figge-tree, which hee at large dcfcribech out h Carcli-CK
oiPliniffi'heophraUpts zndStrabo ^ whole branches fpreading from the bodie, doe otkomin.l.i.c.i
bend thecnfelues downewards to the e3rch,wherc they take holde,3nd with new rbo- fee /.j.r.u. of
tingmultiply themfelues, like a maze or wood, Onctoldc*' Qhifnts that hce him- t""Hir:orie.
felfe hath bcene one of eight hundred era thoufand men, which had hidden them- J^^ , J's'
feluesvnder one of thefe trees, adding, that fomecfchem were able to couer three k c.jj.Vo*
thouiandmen. thisagieeth

Strange is this tree, and Tlecanns is with conceit hereof rauifhcd into the pleafurcs ■^}}'^^ '^^ Dritfui
of Paradife. This tree' L/w/c/^^effwdefcribeth growing about Gs^?, and (to bring vs 'J'"j^'^"^'
out of ^orop/w/ Paradife) fayth that it hath no fruite worth the eating: butn fmall jcly^^^i'' "':"'
kinde like Oliucs, which is foodc oncly for birds. Hee tdlcth vs '■ of another Indian vocaniur
Figge-tree^growing rather like a Rccde then a Tree, a mans height, al'panne tbicke, ^'^'''^'■-^qwd
the icaucs afathomelong,and three fpannes broad : The Arabians and Indians fup-. '•""'^caufam
pofe this to be that difmall fruite. The caufe of this opinion P.ilr.dAW.s in his Anno- ^'•*"''^*f'>'«» ^
tationsvponL;«/c^of?«afcribethtothepleafantnefleof the fmcll and tjlte. Being %i,mfMflii'f^
cutinthemiddlc,ithathcertaineveyneslikeaCro!le,wherecntheChriui3nsinSyna hmaijorem
make many fpecuiations. Yea the fame Author tclleth of a hill in the He of Seiia:-*, emus frunuiUis
calleds/^^-^jf^hill.wherethey fhew his foot-print, to proiie that hce liucd there : of ^^/i '"■'»». 'ist-
whichrcade our difcourfeofthat Hand. ' Tj oskl}ier\n\\\s j4r a ccc 1 1 dicvn oatoi' A lo. '^■'f '"'"■'''":■■'■ >
/«B<2r«/)/w,Thatwheat was the Tree ofknowledgQ of good and euill; and fo doc tur_ p'u crc'i'^'



i^ii i



the Saracens hold: lb curious and vain'e is blinde Realon v.-ithoue a guide. And the antinu'iiM.
Cabalirts (faith"! i?;c;«/) fay, that £«wfinnc was nothing but the wringing oat of ^ ^4 ^-"P- ^4,,
grapes to her husband ; which vet he intcrpreteth alkgorically . '^ f'^^'-^ ^f'^-('S

But ^-■'""'"•^^''l'



20



Oftheward^li^myO'C.



C H A P . 4.



But I thinke I haue wearied the Reader, with leading him thus vp and downc in
Paradifc; fmallfruitlconfelTeisinthisfruitc, andas little pleafurein this Paradifc,
but that variety happily may plea fcfome, though it be to others tedious, Andfora
n ThePrea- conclufion,it is,Ithinkevvorth thenoting,that M^.^^irrtrr/^kan eye-\vitneflre,"by
diers iraueh. the counfcU ofthe Neftorian Patriarkc at Mofull or Niniuie vifitcd the He of Eden,
ftill To called,and by them holdcn a part of Paradilc , ten miles in circuit , and fome-
time walled : which if it be not part of that gardt;n-plot mentioned by C^fofej, yet ii
iecmes is part of that countrey iomtimc called Sdea^'m the Eaft part whereof Paradifc
was plantedjand not far (according to /»»;w Map) from that happy vnhappy place.




a SsturHal.lib.



C H A P. I I 1 1.

of thcword ReUgion,andofthe Religion ofeurfirfi Paregts
before the faU.

Auingthus made way to ourHiftory ofRc]igions,thcfirll (and there-
fore beft) ReIigion,is in the firft place to be decIared.Onely fomwhac
maybenotvnhtlyfpoken before ofthe word. Religion initfelfe is
naturall, written in the hearts ofall men,which will(^as here we flicw)
rather be of afalfe then no Religion: but the name whereby itisfo
callcdjis by birth a forreiner,by common vfe made a free-denizen a-
mongvSjdefcendedfromthe Romanes , which by their fwords made way fortheir
words.the authors both ofthe thing itfclfeand ofthe appellation ,toa great part of
this Wefterne world. But as the Latines haue accurtomed thcmfelucs to multiplicitic
and variety of Rites/o haue they varied not a little about the Parents(as I may fay)of
this childe(as theGrecians fomtimes about Homers birth-place) fome giuingonc e-
tymologie and deriuation ofthe word,and fome another,that there needeth fom He-
rald to {hew the truepetigree,or fome Grammarian Di(ftatcr to ceafe the ftrife.

a Suruius Sulp!tins(As Microhms citeth him)calleth that ^if//^/«'»,which for fome

holincffe is remoued and Separated from \s,()uaftre/i£iamarelinijifeKdodiClam. Ser-

tiiHs dcferueth to be relinquiflied.and his opinion remoued and feparated cuen with

an tyAnathemtt^\i\\c would remoue and fepaiate Religion from vs, which is the life of

ourlife,the way toourhappinelTe. Thelikeis ^^AcAoi Ceremania a carcndft dtHa^iL

iuft name and reafon ofthe moft of the prefent Romifh Ceremonies , whofc want

b Nee,AtJib,^ were their beft company, mfajfuniu Satiniu in ^ fy4.(jellius hath the like wordcs.

«,9i Religio;w'n\\ TttB) is Cultris deorHm,thc worfhip ofthe gods.hereby diltinguifht from

Supet/ittiofj,hccz\.\kthey wcrc,faith hccallcd Superftitious that fpent whole daics in

praier and facrifices,that their children might be .S«pf r/;ff /,furuiuors after them : (or

rather as Lailantius,* Qui fuperjlitemmemoriam defunltorum colunt^,mt qnifartntth''

flits fufcrliites cclibrant imagines eorum domi ,t anquam 'Dfo/pif^^-z^fi. But they ■a hich

diligently vfed and perufed the things pertaining to diuinc worfhip,£^ tanqu.im rde-

gerent,\vcteci\[cdKcYigious,ReligioJtex 7ehge>7do tanqMam ex eligendo eligerites, /»-

^M^larnVd-C- f'l^'S^"'^^ inteHigefites *Simt AuguHine better acquainted with religion than Cicero^

ccrmtyarro, vt commcth neercrto the name and nature thcrcof,deriuing it « ^ religendo ofchufing «-

afum^mofa dl- paine. Hanc eltgentes^velfotius religen!es,timifer amus enim negligent es,vnde (^ rctt .

cat t'mtri "Dso!, g^g Jifjj pc-rhjl>etur.Th\s word R^ligens is cited by Nigtdhis Tigidus in Aulus GelliHS-^

ardi^io^diutm j^g/igcntem efeol>ortet,Re/!g2of:;m ncfoi :T^elig!ofiis he'mgtAea in bad fcnfe for Sw-

vt parcmes,no}t perfiitiofas.Thc fame Father cife vvhere,in his Booke de Vera ^/7^/(?we<',acknovvledg-

eth another originall ofthe word,whichLat7^;///«j before him had obl'erucdj^i reli-

^4«rf»,offaftning,as being the bond betwccnevs and God.s^^Dt''«;wt<r»^f«/^<'/, faith

^Hgufiinej^ ei vnireligantes dnimof nojlras vnie reltgio diBa creditur. Religei ergo

nos 'Rehaio vni omntpot entil) ee .haii antius his words are ; Dixinnis nomen religion! t

avincidopietatisef[edednB:pimyquodhominemfibi1>eusreliganerit&piet*teconHrin~

xcrir,qiiiaferHire no! ei vt Domino & obfeqtn vtpatri, necejfe eji. Alelms ergo ( quam

Cicero')



" LoMm.l t,.
f.»8.

* Keligiofiim a.
fitperftitiofo ea



vt hoftes timer I.
Aug.de Chiit.
lib.6.cip.6.
c DeCiu'u.Dei
iib.ie.c.tp.i^,
d In fine,
ybifnpra.



C H A p .4- Thefirfl <BoQke. z i

Cicer$) idnomen Lucretms interpretatHs ej},cjftia tiitfe religtonum tiodos exoltterc. And
according to this etymologic is that which Maftcr Camden faith,* Rehgionin oldc " Remainesof
Englifh was called EaM-jaHnes^zs the one and onely Aflinance and faft Anchor-hold greater woike.
of our foules health, "Devocabuh

* This is the cfFeft offinne and irreligion, that the name and praftife of Religion is i^^lizlionh vide
thus diuerfified,elfe had there bcene as one God , ib one religion, and one language, cd. Gyrald. In[l,
wherein to "iuc it with iuftreafon, a proper name. For till men did re/int^ttere, rclin- d/ynt.i.Smre^
quifhtheirfirftinnocencie,andtheAuthorofvvhom,andin whom they heldit, they deHelrgM.t &■
needed not rehgere yio make a fecond choife,or fecke reconciliation, nor thus reUjiere ^""kt"'^ defa.
with fuch paines and vexation of fpiritto enquire and pradife thofe things which o'entwm,qME-
nii''htr^/'(^^>'^binde them furer and farter vnto God: and inthefc refpedts forfeue- lymandateti.
rail caufes Religion might feeme tobe dcriued from all thofe fountaincs. Thus much ammmmuyn,
of the word, whereby the nature of Religion is in part declared, but more fully by the Cu'tm,cereir.o'

dcfcnpt.on thereof. r ■ ■ rj J- Gr.cLatm.

T^ltgw eft faith " Atigtifttm,quit \u]ierioriS cvimldc'.m natm£ cjunm atuwam vocant, H£i^_;,„j; p„_
cnrar,icerr,KenUtnqi'.eajfert. Religion is here defcribed generally (whether falfcly or t'mevuum.
tvudy) prefcfsing the ifiwardehfemaiton, and cerenjomall ouiwardworfhip oftlnit nhtch ^ ^i.^ie^.q.
is efteemeda higher anddlmne nature. The true Religion is the true rule and right way 3 ' •
offeruingGod. Ortofpcakeasthe cafe now ftandeih with vs -.'True Ti^ligionis the j Moritdevc
right way ofreeonciling and reuniting man to ^od , that hee may be faned. This true rit.chrifl.relig,
way he alone can (hew vs, who is the Way and the Truth; neythercan wee fee this cp-^o.
Sunne,except he firft fee vs,and giue vs both eyes to fee, and light alfo whereby to di-
fccrnehim,

Buttocometo y^^^jw.the fubie£lof our prefent difcourfe : His religion before /idamshipfi-
his fall,was not to reunite him to God, from whom hee had not beene feparated, but neflc before
to vnitchim farter,and daily to knit him neerer in the experience of that which nature hi* fall.
had ingrafted in him. For what elfe was his Religion, but a pure fireamc o{* Ongt- ^ jufijd^ j^;,;.
nail Rtghteettfref,Rovjii]gfrom that Image «/^oi^,wherunto he was created ? VVhcr- nails.
by hismindewasenlightnedtoknowtheonely very God, and his heart was engra- Kom.i^.i..
uen.not with the lctter,but the life and power of the Law, louing 2iud protting that
good and accept able andperfeB will of God. The whole man was conformable, and
cndeuoured this holy pra6^ifc,ihebodie being pliant and flexible to the rule of the
Soule,the Soule to the Spirit,the Spirit to the Father ofSpirits, and God of all Flcfli,
which no lefle accepted of this obedience,and delighted (as the Father in his Childe)
in this new modellofhimfelfe. How happy was that bleflcd familiarity with God,
fociety of Angels, fubiedion of Creatures, enuied onely of the Diuels, becaufc this
was fo good and they io wicked? Nature was his Schoolc-mafter, or if you will ra-
ther,Gods Vfhcr,that taught him (without learning) all the rules ofdiuine Learning,
ofPoHticall,Oeconomica!l,and Morall wifcdonie.

The whole Law was perfeflly written in the flefhic Tables of his heart , bcfides
theefpeciall command concerning the trees in the middeft of the Garden, the one
being an vniuerfall and euerlafting rule ofrighteoufncfle, the other by ipeciall autho-
rity appointed,as the manifeftation ofGods diuineprerogatiue in commandmg,and
a triallof mans integritic in obeying. For the firft part hcreof,fince it was fo blurred
inourheartSjit was renued by the voyce and finger of God on Mount5;>7^«, giuea
then immediately by God himfelfe, as God oner all ; whereas the otherpartes ofthc
Law, containing the Cercmoniall and Politicall ordinances were immediately giuen
by the Miniflerie of A/o/i'ijas to that particular Nation.

Neytherknowlany that make doubt of this whole Law naturally and originally
communicated :faue onely that fomc makequeftion ofthc Sabboth. Howbeit, I
muftconfcfie that I fee nothing in that Comniandement of the Decalogue prefcri-
bcd.but is Naturall and Morall : for.both the 'F^eft is fo farrc Morall , as the outward
a(ftesof Diuine worfhip cannot be performed without liifpending for a while our
bodilylabours: although Reft^as a figure, be Iewifh,and in it felfe is ey ther afi-uite
of wcarinefle or idlenefTe. And that the feuenth daycs obferuatioji is naturall

a



2t OfthewQrd^Ugion^o-c. Chap. 4.



■k caht. Fapiii, (I mcanc theobferuing of one day of fcucn in cucry wccke)appearethbothbytIic
nfohi'^Mmr fii'ft order eftabliflied in Nature, when God blcffcd and fand^ificd the fcuenth day;
imxanc.oue- "^ ^^^ ftreame of Intcrprcters,efpecially the later, running and ioyning in this inter-
li>m.GMm,bc pretation,(thc Elder being fomcwhat more then enoughbufied in AlIegories):by the
fides Fcrlims, r cafon in the Commandement, drawne from Gods example and Sandification in the
Sound,Gree>t- Creation : by the obferuation of a Sabbath, before this proiruigation of the Law
^ndoAers* ^■'^'''^- ^^' 3"^ by the diuifionofthc daycsintoweckcs, ' both then and before by
1 The HeaVhet ^<'ah,GeK.S.io.i 2.bythenecc(litic ofaSabbath,as vvellbeforc the Law in the daics
by the lighcof of the Pairiarkcs,as in the times ofDatiid or Salomon : by the perfedion of the nura-
Nauire had ber of fcucn iu the Scriptures '": by the generallconfent of all, that it is Morall to fet
their weeks; as apart fomc time to the Lord of times, and an orderly fet time to the God of order,
mmin- 'th/ ^'^''^^ '"^" ""8^^ generally agree on for their publike deuotions : which the Pjcri-
daiesaf:erthe arkespra<!:1:ifed in their Sacrifices and Aflemblies; the Heathens blindly, as other
feuen Planets: things,in their Fcafts, Thus faith P Wo " : Thisisafeaft-day.not ofoneCitieorRc-
and Saturday gion,butofthewholc world,andmaybcproperly called the generall birth-day of
wzsT^^lhe^' ^^^ world: And Qemens Alexandrintu fhcwcth omoiPlMoJIomer.Hefod^CaHim.".
"gSiaL fcque- '^^'*^ ^"'^ ^°{°"> ^'^^"^ ^^^ fcuenth day was not facrcd alone to the Hebrewes.but to the
ftieJfioCiuil Greekcsalfa: and how myfticall was the number of feuen, notonely among the
and MartiaU lewes, but alfo among the Heathcnsj both Philofophers and Poets ? as Phito, o^j-
affaires, being crohiHS and Others haue related.

fif foTcott"^m^ Hereunto agreeth the iudgcment of ft^^«/«^, p Praceptum defanaificatione SmL
plation & de- l^^thtfonitHr interpr<tcept4 deealegi, in quantHm eft fr^cef turn m'>rale, neti in qUAntun
uotioji,as faith efl s&remoniAU.lhe Precept offanUifpng the Sabbath^ufet amengU the Trcccpts of the
^retim,Probt. Decalt>gue,M it is a morall, not as a ceremoniall Precept, It hfithpleafedkim, q faith M.-
^^ p'lvj f i h Hooker,*/ oftherejfjo oft-times to exaEifome parts by waj efperpituallhom.-^ge, ^tener
[hatfome'ci- ^of^^ <i'ff'"f'^^''ff'^l^»orremitted. The Morall law re^utrwg therefore a feuenth part
ties kept a throughout the age of the whole world to be that way emplojed.although with vs the day be
monthly Sal>- changed, m regard of a new reuelution begun by eurSauiour Chrt^,yet the fame preportio
bath,nubring of time conttnueth which was before, hecaufe in reference tithe bene ft of Creation and.
the fcuenth nowmuch more of renouationthereunto added by htm,which was Prince of the world ta
ncl moone! '^'"^^' "^^ "^'^ bound te account the faKEiification of one day in feuen, m duetie which Gods
de 1 o, p. ' immutable law doth exaUforeutr. Thus farrc Hooker.

n PhiiodeFab. This indeed in theSabbath was Icwifti and Ceremonial], to obfcrue only that lad
M.i^dt.cUm. and feucnth day of the weeke, and that as a figure, and laf^ly with thofc appointed
lunj'na^dM Ccremonies,and that manner of obferuation. Thus faith Atjuinas, t Habere aliauoJ
o i'lii'o dc Fab. temp-is deputatum advacandum diuini<s,cadit fubprdcepte merali,Sed in quantum, &c.
Mv.iid.&di To haue fame fet time for the feruice of Ged u morall : bttt fo farrethisTracept is'eere~
J c .??• Microb. mon 'all, as in it is determineda fptciall time^ infgne of the Creation of the World. Like-
^''i^r't Sup.U. wifeit isceremoniall^accordingtotheallegoricalljigntfication; inasmuchas it was a.
ql:ter^'b.&?. M'^^f '*^ "^"Z <-fChrJl in thegraue, which was theftuenth day. t^ndlikewife accer.
]) SeciiLfeciin- ^'^g ^° ' ^^ rr.or all fgnifc.it ton, as itfgnifeth a ceafmgfrom euerj aU: efftn, and the Reft
c'^.fT.iii. a»f,4. oftheminde in God. Likewife accordingto the tyinagogicxll fignifieatitn^as tt prefiirii'
q kcclrf.L'ol. reththeK<:^ef the fruition of God,whichP>all be i»ourCou;nrie. ' ^

'I'^y-hfiJrra '^° ^^^^^ obferiiations of Thomas, yKt may adde that ftrianelTe ofthc obferuation,

f Cited by ?.ll. T'^=»t they mightnot ki die a fire on the Sabbath, and fu.h like.And howlbcucr feme
demag.U.cT. teftimonics ofthe Fathers bcalledged Pgainft this truth.and to prouc that the Sabbath
and b> others, vvas borne at Mount Sinai, as of ^ TertulUan, h-.fltn Aiartyr, EufcbiusXyvri/in A;t-




Sabbatifing; & rence? Tiroughton'm hisConcent alledgeth the Concent of Rabbins, as o'i Ramh.w
f° t^^'= "■'1^. 'f o\\ ger.z6. and .Aben Fz.rav<pon Exod. 20. That the Fathers obfcrucd the Sabbath
theirteftimo- before (Jlfofes. And ^o/«himfelfeno fooncrcommethtoafeuenthday, but hec
weigh!! {hr'.vcth,that^^ Godrefed,blefed,fanaifedthefame.

u Gw.i.i.j. It rerteth therefore, that a time of reft from bodily labour was faniStificd vnto fpi-

rituall



C H A P . 4 • ^^^^^ pfi "Books, 2 7j



ri:ualldcuodons from the beginning ofthcv/ol'ld, andtliat a fciitnch tiaycsrelt be^
i?an, not with the c^fcp/f^i/.' Ceremonies iii the Wildernccffc (as lomc rticn will
haucit)biit with e^^.iwinParadile. That vjhichis morall (lay fomt) is eternal!, and
ni'.ilt not giue piacc ; I aniwcrc, That the Commandenients arectcl-nal!, bur yet
fubordinate. There is a 1 fi/sl of tzllths CotKTKaaciements^and there is n fcto:-/d I:ke to <j Mir!ie\t, ■
/'^!k,!ikeinqiia!itie, not in cqiialitie: and in cucry Ccmmanden-.cnt, theSoiilc of o- iS.ci^jti
bedic;ice(vvhichisthcobcdienccof the roi;!c)takcth place of that bodic ofobedi- "^ ^fi.7o..j.
cncewhichispcifomiedbythcbodie. CMercte is frcferrcd before fucnfice, an J cha- ^ ^1",'^')"'''^^°
ritte l>4'i>re o'tnvard worjlvp ; ' P.iui flayetli his preaching to heaic Ettijchri-s: Chrill IrmiitmTm
patronir.cth i' his Dilciples, plucking the cares ofCorne, and atVirmeth,Tha-c the Sab- p^-efigu metami
h.xth was made for ?nd>7, Atid not man for the 5/?^^^/^, Although rhcrcfore both rcfl and £//. v,g. man-^
workcs of the Sabbath giuc place to fuch duties, which the prcfent occa(ion prefcn- '^'"»m, nonfu-
teth asiiiorewaishtieandneceflarictothattiinc,yctdothitnotfo!low,thatthcS3b. ""cns,cji-fy2
bath js not mora!l,no more than the Cominandcment ot almes is not i-norall^bccaufe ,-,j pct,.nti'jg
(as ' Bernard obferucth ) the prohibitiueComoiandementofftcaling is of greater di.rtmmqi'e
force, and more bindeth. Andina word,theNegatiiiePreceptsarc of more force, q::':dcm wngi^fi^
and " more vniucrlally bind than the affiimatiuc. A man rriiiR hate his father and mo- ^'">"i-i>n vi-tTiq^ -
ther for Chrifts fake, and brcake the Sabbaths rcil for his neighbour in cafes ofncccf- „'l"f"'"' ^'^''^^
fitic. And therefore fuch fcri'pulous >^ fancies, as feme obtrude vnder the name of the mMmTimlnul
Sabbath, efteeming i t a greater finnc to violate this holy Reft, than to Commit n.ur- di'fbticmtma.
thcricanno: be defended. . iciatqiicfms.-

Pardon this long Difcoul-fc, whcreunto the longer Difcourfcs of others haue '^''■'"■^'P'^'^cip,
brought me. But nowmethinkeslhearc thcc fay, And what is all this to tAd.ims '^ tf^"!!"''
integritie? Doubtlcffe, iy^d.im had hisp.irticular calling, to till the ground : his Pi cccpts bTn<I
general! calling alfo, to lerueGod; which as he was fpiritually toperforme in all ac all time?, &
things, fo being a bodie, hee was to haue time and place let apart for the bochly per- '° ■"■H tioics :
formancc thereof. And what example could he better follow, thanof hii Lord and 'h'-' "'ffirmatiue
Creator ( But fome obie<^1:i This is to flacken him running rather then to incite and j^'^'^*!^' |'^'"
prouokcnim; to bindejandnottoloofe him; cannot be afpurre,butabridleto bis tcallnmesT^
dcuotion. but they Hiould conGdcrj thatwc doe not tic it/idam to thefcuenthday ami therefore




•would hirder men, and not ritner turtherthemm tnelc workcs. Neither was nA- x Kcfoi.Tho.
«ii?»j^ ftatefo excellent, as that he needed no helpes; which wofull experience in his Rogm,
fall hath taught.God gaue him power to liuc. yea with an cucrlalbng lifr: and fliculd
not Adan therefjre liaue caten,yea and haue had comtenient times for food and llccp&-
and other naturallneccirities? How much more in this perfect, yet flexible and varia-
ble condition cf his Sonle, did he need meanes of eliabliflimcnc, although eucn in his
outward calling hee did not forget, nor was forgotten? Which outward workes-,
ihougluhcv were not irkcfoine and tedious, as finnc hath made them to vs, yet did
they dctaine his bodic, and fome whnt diftraft his mindc, from that fulLwd e:.'i:re fer-
uice which the Sabbath might exaft of him. Neither dec they fliew any iirong rca-
fonfor their opinion, which hold the fanftibcation of the Sabbath, Gvnsfi.to be fen
downc by way of anticipation, orasapreparatiue tothclewilli Sabbath^ ordained
y24^jycarcsafcer. y Sethis C^/-

If anyfl-iallaske why the fam.c f?uenthday is not flilksbfcruedof Chnflinns ; I '-if *455.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 7 of 181)