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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 70 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 70 of 181)
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i Diodorus Sic. jn the time of'3S(^/.v».r, Farntis (faith ' Dtodortts) was King of Media, who, encoun*
^^''' trin" with j'V/wwj in battcll,was there talcen,with bis wife and feuen fonnes: all which

thebloudie Conquerour commanded to be crucified. And thus remained CM.edi*
hand-maid to the AfTvrians, till the time of5rfr^<?»^f<?/«^ ; but not without fomcdif-
quiet. For in Semwamis time the Medes rebelled, and deftroied Niniue, But SemixA'
mu inuaded their countrey with a mighty army : and comming to the hill liagijl*nHs,
k Diodoruilib. facred to lupiter, there pitched her tents; and ^ in the plaine fields made a garden,con-
3. cap.^. taining twclue furlongs.Beyond the garden (he cut a rocke fcuenteene furlongs high,

grauing therein her owne Image, and an hundred others, bringing her gifts. Some
1 StHcl(imde 1 cell th^sotherwife, thatfliee poitrtraied her owne Image in that huge quantitie, and
Jacris Gentium, appointed an hundred Priefts continually to attend the lame with offerings and diume
worfhip. At Chaona a CitieofMcdia,fliccfpying another hugcrockeintheplaine,
caufcd another garden to be made in the middeft thereof, with fumptuous houlesof
plcafurc therein, whence fhee might behold all her armie, and there gaue her felfe a
longfpaceto relf and voluptuoufnefle, making choice cf the likclicli Gallants in het
Cairipe for her bed-fellowes, all whom flie after did to death. Thence to Ecbatana
fticmadethc way fliorter, and more pafTeable, cafting do vvnc hilles and exalting th?

valleyes



C H A p. 2. ASIA. The fourth Bboke, ^i^

vallcycs into a plainc, ftill bearing her name. AtEcbatana"^ {hcbuiitapallacc, and m Ecbaiartti




- T>i')diir.Sic.
fome parts of Italic, and Froggcs (ra:ned out ofthc clouds) the Jtuywr.^, and (as wee l'!b.4.cap.:(.

haue'^obferncd) the Fleas chaled away the inhabitants of'Myus. How great is the ° ^'^•j.f<J/'.iy.
Creator, that ofthc fmalleft of his creatures can miiftcr armies to the conquert of
them which fwcll in conceit of their owne greatneflc ? VVce like Giants by our wic-
kedncflcdefietheHeauens, and defile the Earth faying (by our workes) vivhoisthe p lobu.i^
Almightie, that vf.-fho:ilifert{e htm ? when as yet this Lord of Hofls need not tame vs
with legions of Angels (one could Ac^roy SefiAchcribsho[\) norfetthcHeauens in
theifcourfes to fight hisbattailes (abagainft the Canai ites) norarraunp.c the Ele-
ments with an ouer- whelming C^4o/ to confound vs, byaSodomiticall fire, orairic
pcflilencc, or deluge of waters, or deuouring of the earth: nor needs he Lions to chal-
lengsapartofthisglorie to their flrength and prowcffe: Froggcs, and I icc.and Flies Etqua non pro.
fliall be fW/fo^/ challengers, conquer ours,iaylcrs : And how many Nations in Afri- limtfmiub,
cahauethc infulting triumphing Graffehoppers exiled from their natiue dwellings? ""'/'-^ "<«'":?.
Proud man, welhnay the bafefl of thy bafed feruants thus make thee to fee thy bale- ^' ^'"■''"""pof
neffc ; and by rAclling againfl thee, argue thy rebellions againll their and thy mluan^cm
Creator.

Butthac webcnottoofarrctranfportcd with this notvniuftpnfTion ; letvsreturne
toourProuinccofMedia j which Arbaces qdeliuered from AfTyrian feriiitude, and q ReadeW-.r.
fubifiled it together wiih the Earterne Empire to himfelfe, vnderwhofepofteiitic it "/".ij.
continued three hundred and two and twentic yceres. Afijages, ihelaft, was by
Qrw* his Nephew, conquered, according to two drcames, which had fore-(ignificd
this vnto him. In the firrt he dreamed, that he law fo muchvrineftreaming from his
daughter Adandane(\\\s only childc) that all Alia was drowned therewith : in the o-
ther.aVine grew from her, which fliadowcd all Alia. His J/.«^f cold him, that here- r HmJit.l.%,
by was foretold his ncphewcsgreatncffe, withtheloficofhis kingdome . Toprcucnt l^al.Mtx.&c.
this, he wedded his daughter to Cambyfes a Pcrfian : and when fhc was dcliuered of a
childe, he committed it to Harpagtu (one of his trufty Counfeiiers) to be made away.
Hefcaring reuengefrom the daughteraffhe fliould after fucceed her f;ther, deliuereth
the Infant to Mitradates the Kings Heard-man, commanding him in Afljages name,
toexpofciton thcmountainc. Hee returning home, found his wife newly dtliiieicd
ofadcad childe, which, by herentreaty , was laid forth in Acad thereof. Hername
was Space, which in the Median language fignifieth a Bitch : whence the fable grew,
that Cjrm being fo expofed, was nouriflied by a Bitch. This Infant growing vp,and
called by the Heard-mans name, aftertcnyeeres wasknownc bythisoccafion. ' A f M'm.lib.i,
company of boyes playing together, chofe this tripling for their King, who \ fed his
childifh royaltie with more then cliildifli difcipline. For hee ordained diners officers,
fome ofthem to be his guard, fome builders, mefl'cngers, &c. as hee thought fit. A-
mongd whom wasa fonne oi oucArtetnbnrei, a man of great eftimation, who for
neglcfting his office, wasby chisyongkingling feuercly chaftifed. Hee complained
thereof to his father, and the father brought the childe to the King,accur;ng the indig-
niticofthefaf), that his Heard mans fonne fliould deale fo malapertly and cruelly,
fhevving his beaten fhoulders to AHyages. The Heard-man and his fuppofed fonne
was fentfor, that Artemhares might be fatisfied : where the yong King gaue fo good
account of that his faft, that Afijages much ama7.ed,tooke the Heard-man afide, and
withbufieenquirielearnedof him all the truth of this matter : wherewith enraged a-
gainft H>2rp<»g«<, who ought himfelfe to haue done that difmall execution, but difiem-
bling the lame, he told him that he would doe lacrifice for the childes lafetie,and bade
him fend his childe to bearc ^r«« companie, inuiting him alio to fuppe with him,
wherchefealkd him with the flefhofhis owne fonne, whole head, fingers, and toes,
were let before him at the lalt feruice. Harpagtu bare it as patiently as he couid,till fit-
ter occafion of rcuenge offered it felfe, which thus fell out. TheOilagitoldAfljaj^et ^

* that



Z4^



Of the Medes.



Chap. 2.






t Borm.lib i.
FrMiifioTbt-
tnird, !ib,i.

u Pill) feciindus



X Akx.eb Alex.
llb.n.c.^}.
y Bai.ipudEu-
(cb.tle prxparat.
£«.iM^./.6 fig.
7. I'MtirehJe
orb. Lun.

Chrtmslib.^,

a 'Da»,6 8.
Ejier 1.8.

b Scallg.Cnn.

c K Rehiee,
S^ntiidc fii.
mit.&c.to I.

d Mn^inus The-
JdHr.Gcog.



e J.B i.

f Slr.ib.li.tr.
g VetGyU.uiin



that in this childifh kingdome ofCjrus, the danger ofhis drcame was already pafled
and that he needed not feare any further danger. Wherefore he was fent into Perfia to
his parents. After he was now a man, Hirfagw, hauing fecrctly follicitcd the Medcj
to rcbclHon againft their cruell Soueraignc, acquainted CyrMs w th his proicdt, to
that end cncloling a letter in a Hares belly, which he fent to Cyrtu by one ofhis huntf.
men : which was with fuchindufhie and fucccfleprofecuted, that e^/Tj'^jg-w loft his
Scepter, and C)'r/«tranflated the Empire to the Perfians. For //<«>y^ff«f being made
"Generall of the armic ofthe Mcdc, reuolied to Cyrtu with all fuch as he had made ac-
quainted with his trcalon. And when the Mcdes after rebelled in the time oiDariiu,
they were forced againe to fubieftion. The Magi were by AHyfi.ges command cruci-
ficd : and he himfclfe re-enforcing his power, and bidding battel] to Cyrm the iecoiid
time, was taken aluie, and by his nephew fct ouer the Hyrcans.

The Afagt had large and fertill poflefllons (ihu$tcportcth*y^»>w/<?»«/) afligncd
them in Mtdia. Their Science called Magttt, is by PLto termed MachxgiHm, which
iTiyfticall word figniHeth the pureft worfhip ofthe Gods: to which Science Zoreaffres
ofBai5tria in old tuTics added many things out ofthe myftcrics ofthe Chaldces, But
becaufc the Perfians had from hence theii Empire and this religion, by whofc amies
they were made knowne to the world : there fliall bee fitter place to fpeakeofthefe
(Ji^agi, when we treat ofthe Perfian Rites. In this Region was ir.ade the oile Medt-
cum, wherein their arrowcs were fteeped, which being (hot out c A loofer bow(for »
fwifcer fhotextinguflied ir) did burne the flcfhinwhich it didilicke, and if water
wxrc applied to it,the fire thereof encreafcd. Nor could any remedy cure the fame.but
hurling duft thereon. It vvascom.pofedofiV/i/ji/rf. The Medes made league with this
cereinonie. ' They wounded the fouldicrs of each panic, either licked others bloud.
The North parts of Media were barren, and therefore they hucd on Apples, dried and
ftamped together: of roafied Almons they made brcad.and wine ofthe roots of herbsi
This and Venifon wastheirfood. In one plainc" of Media were parturcdfiftie thou-
fand Mares, belonging to the King : the herbcwhcrcoiuhey principally fed, is ftlil
c^Wzi MedtcA. Thcraceofhorfes, called /V//i«,vvcrchcerc bred, and hence difpei.
led all ouer the Eaft.

Among >= the Medes, nonemightbeKing by thelawof the Gountrey, cxccpthee
were in flature and ftrength eminent. All the Medes(faith BardefMtiesy ^ fiam.ous Chal-
dxan) nouiifii dcgges with great care, to which they caft menready to die (whijei
they areyet breathing) tobe dcuouredof them.

The Medes ^ worlliipped the fire, with barbarous honours done thereto. Theit
Kings held fuch Maiefttc, that none might laugh or fpit before them : They were fcl-
domelceneoftheirpeople: They had alvvayMuficians attending them, Thcirwiuc!
and children accompanied them in their battailes.

The name of the Medes remained famous after the Perfian conqucft, as appeareih
by the ftile which the Scripture ^ giiicth them : the law ofthe A'fedes andTerfmns which
ViUvnchgnneahU, the King himfclfe not hauing powerto reuokc his fentence.

As for the Catalogue ofthe Kings which fuccecded ^rb^ices, vnnllthe time of
u^flyages, and the times of their raigne, wc hauc before iliewcd it out of 5f,f/;_^fr, ''in
ourhiftbooke, Chap.i :;. True it is, that all agree not in that account. Rettierus<^ Rei-
»ircc/«/ leaiiethoutdiuers of them, and numbrcth the yceres of the Median Dynaftie
but 26i.vvhereas our former account hath 322. But I had rather reicrre the Reader
to that Catalogue, then trouble him with new out of this or other Authors.

Media hath beenc'diuided 'mtoUMedut Af.uor^ and tyitropatia: the foimercon-
taineth Tauris, fuppofed by Ortelius to be the forenamed Scbatann (yet now wanting
walks altogether) contsining in circuit fixtccnemilcs, and of people twohuiidrcd
thou fand ; fubdued to theTurke 1 585. and before by 5if//w and 5*//w4» ; butl^nce
rccoucred by the Perfian. 5«//<?»/« <: famous tor the faircft Molchec in the Eafl. Caf-
bin, to which the Perhan hath rcmoned the royall feat from Tauris. The lake of ^^»
three hundred miles long, and an hundred and fittic broad [ikcxStrnbo^^MufdianKS
"Lacus) of fait water the greateft next to yJ/^pf^r. (j7//;«/g affiimeth, that eight great
riucrs runnc iiuoit. Without any apparent iffuc to the fea.

Airofiiti*



Chap. 3- ASIA. The four th^obke, ^^y



AtrofatU is now called Scriian ; the chiefe Citie ts Siimachiajor Shamakijin whicH

the Sophi not long fincc '' built a Turret of flint andiTec-fl;onc,and in a ranke of flints h Hal(.Ant.

therein did let the heads of the Nobilitic and Gcntrie of the Counirey, for a terrour to ii^^k^'ifiit.

therefl:thequarrcll was pretended for Religion, intended for Soueraigntic.

. Their ancient iJirZ/^/ow ' differed not much from the Pcrfian, andfuchalfoisit R.ll i Vlut. dofac'ii

Their ^ Kirigs had many wiucs, which cii{tomc extended after to the Villages and i»i>rb.Lun.

niountaines, info much that they might not hauelefle then feuen. The women ' alfo ^ Si,abolibjt,

tfteemcd it a credit to haiie many husbands, and a miferablecalamitieto hauc fefle '^*''-'^-f-*i''

thenfiuc. C7r»«fubduedthem tothcPcrfians, j^/.t^^Wfr torhe Macedons Whac

fhouIdwcfpeakcoftheParthians? who made Ecbatana their leatcroyall in the fum-

ihertime: and of the Saracens, Tartars, Pcrllans and Turkcs, Who haue fucceffiuely

vexed thcfe Countries? : -. '

. Not farrcfrom Sliamaki, faith Mafler lenkinfon '», was an old Caftle, called Gulli- m H4. ?%«

fionc (now beaten downe by the Sophi) and not farre from thence aNunrie of fump- 'ew.i.

tuous building, wherein was buried a Kings daughter, n^mcA /Imeteck^Channa : who

flew her felfc with a knife, for that her fathervvould hauc forced her (flieeprofeffinT

chaftitie) to haue married a Tartar King: vpon which occalion the maidens cucry*

yearercfort thither to bewaile her death.

There is alfo a high hill.called Qurqutfs ; vpon ih^top whereof ("they ■» fav) dwelc « ? , ,
/->■ 1 < n u u- u J u J / ..1 " A fabulous

a Giant named Jmtoite, hauing on his head two great horncSj and eares and eyes like report of the

aHorfc.and airilel'keaCow, who keptapaflage thereby, u]\ one Haficoir Ham/he Medes:

(a holy man) b' und him with his woman Z-^wir/iif/^f and bis fonne i/^fter; who is

therefore had in Saint-like reputation. .

Obdo/owcan King of thi^ countrey vnder the Sophi-, befides gratio.us entertainment
grained Vnto Mafler Artihonklenkj,nfon for our Englifli Merchants great priuiledgcjj
Avxo 156^.

G/Aw, alfo anciently ^^•/•e, is reckoned to cJ7f(r/^«<». Into thefe Cities of Media thft
Ifradiits were tranfported,together-wiih their Rehgion by i'<»/»7<««<fy^r the Aflyri- « i,;!{« j^^,
an: God in his manifold wifdome lb puniftiing thdr fiiincs, and withall difperiing
fome fparkes of diuinc truth.

■iii-;!iJ.:i;! ■.ii'^fi:;! , . .

C H A P. I 1 1.

Ofthefarthi&m^mdHyYCinhm,

> Af;h'a is placed by ?//«/> in the rootes of the hillcs: hauing on the
^ EafttheArians; on the Weft, the Medes; on the South, Carmania j * ^^'^''^'
on the North, Hyrcania, rounded with defcrts. He affirmeth that the
Kingdomcs of the Parthians were cightcene. Eleucn of them neere ta
thcCafpisn fea;,and the other feuen neere the red Tea, The word Par-
thian fignifieth with the Scythians an exile. Their chiefe Citie was He-
catompylos, now(asfumc ^ aflirme) Hijpaham, for the cxcellencie thereof called of h CMagmm,
ttic Perfians, Halfe the World. Thefe Scythian exiles in the times of the Aflyrians,
Medes, Perfians, and Macedonians, were an obfcure people, the prey of euery Con,
querour,v\hich after feemeJ to diuide the vyorld with the Romans. Their fpeech was
mixt of the Median and Scythian : their armies confifted moft part offeru3nts,which
they held in great refped,inflru£l:ing them in feats of armes. In an armie of fiftie thou,
land.uhcrwiji they encountred A:notiy,t\\crt were only eight hundred free-men.Thc
Parthians'^hadnovfeofgoldor'luer.butinthclraimor.Theyhadmany wiueSjWher- ^ r^n-
ofthey wcreloicalous, that they forbad them the fight of other men.They performed "* '*'"
all bulincs priuace and publike on ho;fc-b3cke ; this being the diftinition offrce-men
from fcruants.Their burial was in the bellies of birds,or dogs.Their naked bones were
after couered with earth : they were exceedingly fuperftitious in the worfhip of their
gods ; a rtout,vnquiet,fcditiDus, vnfaithfull people. Arfices, firlf a famous theefe, af-
icr, th: Founder of that Kingdome,lcft 00 lefTe memoric of himfelfc ainongft ilie Par-

H h thians.




548



Of the (parthians.



Chap.}.



d j4m. Msr.
lib.ij.

c lujliit.lib. ^i.

i Viiimuu
See /»iy.



g JuH'mJib.^t.
Dim Cajjfim
lib.^o.
Viusjecuniut
Afix.

Gramaye Par-
thica ; P. Bixi-
rut Keritm Per-
/ictrum.lib.io.



h Keade lib. t.



I t.F/orwZi&.j,
cap.ii.

Ic loftph. Aniiq.
lib.i^.cap.ii.



I Stadiui'iM

riorum.



thianSjthcn Qtwj among the Pcrfiaiw, or Alexander among the Macedonians. The
day wherein he ouerthrew Se/encus , was folemncly obferued euery yearc araongft
them, as the beginning of their iibertie. Of him they called all theirKings Arfacet,ii
the Roman Emperours are named Cdfars.lhzy ^ called thcmfelues the brethren oft'hc
Sunne and Moone.which arc in thofc placet worfliipped. This %Ar[aces was worfliip-
ped after his death. They were no Icffcbloudie to their brethren, when they came to
the Crowne.then the Ottomans arc at this dzy.Phrahartes « flew thirty ofhis brethren
and before them^his father,and aftcr.his fonnCjrathcr then he would endure a poflibi-
litic of a Competitor. About f 2a4.yeares after Chrift,^yf4^4»«/thc laft Perfian King
being flaine by Artaxeres or tArtaxares the Perfian,thc Empire returned to the Perfi.
anijwho were thereof depriued by the Saracens ; and they againc by the Tartars ; and
nowforthegrcateftpartvndertheSophi: they had their cup-quarrcls, ftriuingwho
fliould draw deepeft : w hich cuftomc wc need not goe into Parthia to feeke. Str»ha
mentioneth among the Parthians a Colledgc or Senate of A/W^/and Wifc-mcn.Thcir
ancient religious Rites I finde not particularly related.

The Parthian afifalres are thus by fome s related. After AlexAnAtrs death, none of
the Macedonians Touchfafing fo mcane a Prouince, Stragenor a forrciner obtained it :
after which the Macedonians, contending in ciuill quarrels for the Soucraic'ntie, Par-
thia wauered in vncertaintie, till in the time oi Selencus the nc^hevi o( Antiechut
TheoJotHf, Dcputic ofCachia,cntituledhimfelfeKing: fo giuing example of rebellioa
to the EafterneNatJons.which Arfacej among the Parthians eafily followcd.Hc com-
bining himfelfc with Theodotits, and after his death.with his fonne,ftrcngthcncd him.
felfc in his new erc6led gouernmcnt of two Citics.But SeleneHs takino arme<: aoain*



f, armcs againft



him, was by him oucrthrownc in battell : which day firft gauc light to i he Parthian
greatnefTe, not vnworthily obferued therefore of their poftcritic with folcmnitie. For
.f*/ir«f«jbeingbymoreimportant affaires called home, the Parthians had leafure to
cftablifli their hopes. - ^fAfw<««/reportcth that -/<r/<j«/tookc him prifoner and after
gentle vfage he fent him home.

After this firft, came a fecond Arfices,who encountered with AntucfiHs the fonne
of Seleuchus, commmg againft him with an armic of an hundred ihoufand foot-men
and twentic thoufand horfe. The ifluc was,thcy pancd friends in mutual) \ci^\ic,Pria.
f alius or Pampatius was their third King, to .\ honi Phraates his fonnc fucccedcd ; and
next, h:\shroxhctCMithradatcs, whofubducdthcMcdesand Helimarans, enlarging
the Parthian Empire, from Mount Caucafus to Euphrates, He tooke D*wf/ri*/ King
of Syria prifoner : and died in his old age.His fonne Phraates was the fourth:on whom
Antiaehus wzxicA, and the Parthian oppofed againfi him his brothir Demetrius,vl\
then detained prifoner. Butwhiles he warred againftthcScythians, bytreafon ofhis'
owncfubicfts he was flaine; and Artabarms\\\i vncle placed in his roome. Hee alfo
foonc after died of a wound recciued in the field: and his fonne Mitbridates fuccecded,
whom the Parthian Senate expelled and depofed. But others reckon betwccnc Am.
hattus and Muhridates, PacorujyZnd his fonnc Phraates. So vnccrtaine is the Parthian
Hiftorie ;for which caufe a'fo ^ ScAltger blameth Oftnphrws for being too percmpto-
rie ill fuch vncertaintics.

Next m order is reckoned Or0def or fftrodes,who belieged his faid brother //<>Ar»-
«f*irwinBabylon,andtooke both itand him, andcaufed him to be flaine in his fi<'ht.
Againft him ^r4///« the Roman Conful (moucd with couetoufnes, ' hatefullto <5od
and man, faith f/orw/^ led the Roman Legions to winnc the Parthian gold: And by
the way, k parting thorowIudxa,fpoiledthefacredTrcafuric which Pompe; fpared,
amounting to two thoufand talents, and robbed the Temple of eight thoufandta-
lentsbefides. Hcc alfo carried away abeameoffolidgold, weighing three hundred
(Mi»<t (euery Mina is two pound and ahalfe Roman) deliucrcd vnto him by EleazA.
r«/ the Trcafurer,vpon condition to take nothing elfe. But Cr^/*^ violated the oath
which he had giucn to Eltaz^arus, and carried all hee liked. Many difmall ' prefagcs
prohibited Cr^j/Jf/ this expedition, as the curfes of the Tribune, whom Z)<#», ?/«-
t'irch,3n(iAppia»c3\lAtetus Capita. Thofc curfes were denounced with inuocation
of lomc vnknovvne gods. Alio ihc Roman enfignes were drowned, with fuddcn tern-

pefts



Chap. 3* ASIA, The fourth 'Booke, 549

pcfts in Euphrates : and when f" he had facrificed to Vexui, his fonne ftuinblcd and m Vlutanh.
feli,aiid Crafftu with him. He reieilcd the Lcgats of the Parthian,3llcdging the former ^'X?'"- ^""J ^
Icaugc with Pompfy.Jhus poHing to his de(lru<^lion,one Maz.Ara,s(3s Floras cals him; ?",'""^- !/, V° '°
or as Plntarci,ylriAmnes; Dion^and AfptaniM name him tAugarw) encoiintred him, 'Dionxm.li.^o.
iiotwitharmcs, but with artes and wiles, protcfling great hoHihtie to the Parthians. sim.Ma-olidns
Crajfm following his aduice,led bis army into by-waics and dcferts.tilbeingbrought Ctime.Coli0qi6.
into the Parthian fnarcs, hisnewguideforfooke him, and thecouetous Confiil, with
his fonne were flainc, and elcuen Roman Legions taken or left in the place. His head
and periured right hand were fcnt by ^;<;7«<ti the Parthian Gcnerall (who was faidto
hauc then in thefield wiih him twcliic hundred Concubines, and a thoufand Camels
laden with his owne furniture^ vnto King Orodes : who connimelioufly, ( if contnme-
lieandmentran ioynefocietie) vfcd the fame , powring into liii iawes , fomctimcs
grcedic of that mctall, molten gold. 0)'(!j«cniiyingjr«r/;;/M the glory of this viclo-
rie,llcw him, and committed the remnants of that warre to be purfuc d by his (onne
•P<«cor/«,adioyningtohim in that exploit Ope*? j. In theciuiil warresthcy tooke part
with /'ow^^yagainft Cafir. Pjcorm being recciucd into focietie of the Kingdom with
hisfathcr, inuaded Iiid.ra.and ^\2.c\v\^A»tigoniti iiuhe Kingdome,captiucd Hircamu.
But whiles he aipircd to greater hopes, helofl himfelfeandhisarmie, in which were
iwentic thoufand horfe-men, in a battell with l^entidtm ; who by a wily Stratagemci
counterfeiting flight and feaie, and fiificring the Parthianstocome vp to their tcntSj
thattheyhad no w no fpace for their arrowes, effected this oiierthrovv.

Tacarr-ts hi- head reduced the Cities of Syria to tlie Roman lubiedtion, without fur+
thcr warre. This newes made his fachcrmaddc, who before boafting of the concueft
of Afia by ■IKTcorm, noyv in many dayes d-d neither fpcake nor entc : but when he once
did open his mouth, all his fpzcch was Pacorw, who [{\\l fccmcdprcfent vnto him. In
jhisexcaticall moodc, Phmates, one of his thirtitlbiincs, which he had by' fo many
Concubines, flew him, and after them his brethren, as before is faid, with a fonne alfo
of his owne. This ctueltie caufed many Parthians to betake themfelues to voluntaric ,.;

txile, among whiih mfo«<t/i?,rprouoked " e^»/«">/«f to warre vpon this Tyrant. He nF/'"'.M-f-'*'
did fo, but with bad fuccclfc, of fixteene Lc gions fcarce bringing the third part backe ^""'' ''^•4?-
againe. Thrattta, impotent and vncapablc of fo glorious aducnturcs, grew into fuch
infolencics, that the people exiled him, and placed Tiriddtcs in his roome; who waS
foonc after difplaced by the Scythians, and PhraatistcQcoxeA to his place. Ttridutes
fledto«^«^;,i?«f (then warring in Spaine) for refuge and aide, carryint' with him
the fonne of Phraates. whom Caf^r fent bat ke againe to his father without any price^
maintaining neither partieagainll the other, but allowing libcrall prouifion to T/r*-
dates.

Butaftcrthis, ° v^«^/riif«^ going into the EaR, the Panhiati fearing ill meafure, re- o Smnnmln
dehucred all the Roman captiues,andcnfignes,and gauehoftages alfo.histwo fonncs vna^Hgudi,
with their wiucs and children, and religned Armenia toihc Romans. Fi&r<84/<iA- his fon "f***
flew him^wiih grcatell: iniuliicc repaying that which was niofl iufl, and due to his for-
mcrparicide. ThhThra^tax, vfing inccftuous acquaintance with his mother 7her-
toK/4 (anItalian,whom^>'^«i?<w had bellowed on/' /^J-^^-ifi?/, and bywhofchclpe hcc
wasflainc) was killed in an vprore, leauinghis forme Cr«ifi his fucccffor. He alfo in a
confpiracie was killed : and ro^an P fubftituted, whom the Parthians not long endu- p Sueton.m I'ltx
ring, forced to feeke hclpc of the Romans, where he was perfidioufly flaine. Tiben/ycap.^^.

yfr/rf^d»BJobtaiiied the Empire, 1 from whence hee was after chafed by VitelliuSy q Mai.Burtk-
who placed Tiridatet in the throne,which he had fcarce warmcd.wt.cn Artabatius re- Ulmer. thef.hijf,
couercdit.andaftcrleftitto his fonne S^ri^/^^fj; the Arfacian ftocke being now dif- lib.^.tam.i.
poflefled.This Bard:'.:ies '■ whiles he mindeih warres againfl the Romans, is killed of his r Comel.Tech,
owne. Gourz^ts his brother fuccccded to the Scepter : which he held,notwithftanding ^^fmut- iib.ii.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 70 of 181)