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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 71 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 71 of 181)
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the decree of the Roman Senate for AItkerd,ttes the fon of J'ckok, w hom he tooke and
cutoff his eares : Fenones was his fuccefror,a little while, and prefently after J'ologsfesi
his fonne.The next was y4^t<j^^««/, and after him Pacorns; and in the next place Ca/Z
drocs\\\ii brother: againfl whom Traian warred with good fuccefl"e,who extended the
Roman Empire CO the Indians. But -^<^/";.««renued league with the Parthian. Partha-

H h a fiafpatei



^5o



Of the Tarthiansj and Hjrcanians.



Chap. 5.



f Herodiani



t lof.Scal. C.i-
non,Ijjgf>g.l.2.



u Cer.TM. 111.



nafpatesCucceeded : and foone after VoUgfifes , who left heirc his fonne of the fame
name, ciepiiucd by his brother e^>-?'«^'«»w. He being vniurtly dealt with bythcRo-
manstrecherie,draiic them to fuc for peace .-which, &fitrthix.A»tomiu f the author
of the breach wasdeari, was eafily obtained by y1/<«cr;»«;(hisfucccflor. But Artttxarti
3 Peifian preuailed better,in a third battcll oucrthrowing him,and reducing the King,
dome after fuch a world ofycares to the Porfian name. Some reckon this 472.yearcs
from yirfaces, and 228, after Chrift. Scaliger t reckoneth the time of the Parthian
Dynaftie 479. yearcs. The number of their Kmgs after this computation is nine and
twentic. They which lift to ice further of their warres with the Romans, mayreade
the Roman Authors which haue written the fame : the fumme whereof is hccre pre.
lentcd to your view.

Cornditu Tacittu » tcls a merry tale (fori thinke thefe tragedies haue wearied you)
and pertinent to ourpurpofe, of a good fellow-like Hercules^ whom the Parthians
worfhippcd. This kmd hearted god warneth his Priefts in a dreame, that necrc to his
Temple they fhouldfethorfes readiefurn'fhed for hunting, which they doe, lading
them with quiucrsfull of arrowes. Thefe after much running vp and downe the for-
rcft, rcturne home at n ght blowing and breathieffe. their quiuers being cmptied.And
Hercules (no nigard of his venifon) acquamteth the Priefts at night by another vifion
with all his difport, what woods he hath ranged, and the places of his game. They
fearching the places, finde the flainebealts.

Better fellowfliip.ccrtainc, h«d their //frrw/f/, then their Kings, when theyinuitcd
any to their fcafts. For the King » had bistable alone and loftie, thej.',ucfts fit below
onthe ground, and, like dogges, feed on that which the King cafteth to them. And
many times vponoccafion of the Kings difpleafure, they are haled thence and fcour-
gcd, and yet they then, proftrate on the ground, adore their Hriker, They y worfhip-
ped the Sunne at his rifing. Bardefanes ^ in £«/^^"<^, faith of them, that to kill his
wife,or fonne,or daughter,cr brother, or ffter (yet vnmarried) was not prohibited by
thelawtoany Parthian, nor any way fubicft to punifhment. The Parthian » enfigne
was a Dragon ; theroyall enfigne a bow.- their ftile was, 7<r/;?^^o/.K/»f,f; they warct
diublecrowne.They had an oyntmcntmadeof accrtainccompo(ition,v\hichnopri-
U3te man might vfe. Nor might any clfc drinke of the waters ol'Cho.^jpes and EmUhi.
None might come to the King without a prefent. The Magtvitxz\x\ great aurhoritic
with them. Thei Rites wefe mixt ofthe Perfian and Scythian. Nothings as more fe«
uerely punifhed then adukerie. A feruant might not be made free, nor might be fuffe-
rcd (except in the warres) to ride, or a frec-man to goe on foot. Their fight was more
dangerous in flying, then in (landing or gluing the onfet.

Terga •> cenuerfimttuenda Parthi,

The Parthians flight doth moll affright.

They account = them>the mofthappie which are flainc in battcll. They wliich die
a natural! death ate vpbraided with cowardife. Their fight Lucan d dcfcribeth:



X Athttneiulib.
4.M/.14.



y Heredianl
Macriniu
% Eufebiutde
pr^par.Zuang.
lib f.cap.Z.
a Sitetoit. Call-
gttU, J.



b Seneca in Of
dipt.

c Am. Mantl.

ftfr.ij.

4 Lueaniu,



Tugna Uuis^ heUtimj^fug'.ix, tttrmcxjj fugaces,
Et melior eejfijfe loco,tjuamfelleref miles :
JIlitA terra dolu^ nee Mart em cominus vnquam
uinfafxtt vfrtwJedUnge tendereneruos.
That is,
Light skirmifh . fleeing warre, and fcattered bands.
And bettcrfduldiers when they runneaway.
Then to bcareoff an enemic that fUnds.
Their craftie caltrops on the ground they lay :

Nor darca the r courage come to right-downeblowcs.
But fightcth further off moft trufting to their bowes.

e Pmfeeuidu! Many Cities amongfl them and two thoufand Villages arcfaid = tohauebeenco-
Gravuye Partly, uet whelmed with Earthquakes. They arcfaid to be of fpare diet, to eatc no flcfli, buc

that



Chap.4- ASIA. T he fourth 'Booke'. 3^1

that which they take in hunt»ng;to feed with their fwords girt to them, to cat Locufls:
tobefalfeJyersand perfidious :tohaueftorc ofwiucsand trumpets. Their countrcy
is now called Arach ; in it is made great quantitie of filkes. Ifdorus (^haracertus ^ hath d if. chut.
fetdown the feuerall countries, with their dimcnfioDs,how many Schzni each of them i*.\xu imf
containcth.with their chiefe Cities,and their waies and diflances ; which giueth great ^im.
light to Geography^and the knowledgAf the Parthian greatnefle.i'cAi«»w is accoun-
ted threefcore furlongs.

Hyrcania (now called Straua or Diargument) hath on the Weft, Media ; on the
Eaft Margiana ; on the South,Parthia ; on the North, the Sea, which hereof is called
the /^^?'«»<',otherwife Caffun. Famous it hath beene, and is, for ftore of woods and
Tygcrs. There are a'fo other wildebeafts. Here in the Citie Nabarca was an Oracle,
which gaueanlwers bydrcames,

SomcRiuersin this countrcy haucfoficepe a fall into the Sea, that vnder the wa-
ters the people refort to facrifice or banquet ;the ftreamclhooting violently ouer their
hcads,without wetting them. Jouius writeth.That the ayre is vnwhollonie by reafon
oftheFennes, Straua the chiefe Citie aboundeth in traflickefor Silke. The Hands be-
fore it in the Sea, were no lefle refuge to the inhabitants in the T^mhcrlaine-temfc^,
then to the Italians in the time oi Att:Lt , thole places e where now Venice ftandeth. * CoKtmniixR.-
ThcirRciigion,asthcirState,bothintimcsp3ftandprcfent,hathfollowcd the Perfl- °'^'""^'^-
an,of whom w care next to Ipeakc,

Itisrcported fofthe7rf/'/5)r/,inhabitingnecretoHyrcania,Th3ttheircu(iomwasto f sirabJ.u,
beftow their wiues on other men,when they had borne them two or three children :
fo did Cato his wife Martia, on Hcrtenfitis : and fuch.faith Vertomaumts, is the cuttome
at this day of the Indians in Calechut,to exchange wiues in token of friendfhip.

They had winein fucheflimation.thattheyannointed theirbodiess therewith.Thc g cWi«) kW,
Gafpij fhut rp theirparents, after rhcy arc come to the ageoffeuentieyears,and there hl).\t.ufM.
in refpeftofpietic (what more could the impious doe ?}ftarue them to death. Some
fay , That after that age they place them in fome defert, & a farre off obferue the euent.
If the fowles feize on them with their talents, and tcare them out of their coffins, they
account it a great happinefTe : not fo,if dogs or wilde beafis prey thereon. But if no-
thing meddle therewith, it is accounted a mifcrable and lamentable cafe. The Derbi-
ccs account all faults (though neuer fo fmall) worthy of the vtmoft puiiifhmcnt. The
£rfrf/:7 was their Goddeflc :to their holies they admitted nothing female, nor to their
tables.They killed fuch as wcreabouc feucntie yeares old,calIing to that bloudy ban-
quet their neighbours,eftcemingfuch mifcrable, as by diff afe were intercepted and
taken away. Oldewomcns flcfh they eate not; but ftrangled, and then buried them:
they Iikcwifeburied fuch as died before that age.



Ctt AT. nil.

OfPerfkydndthe Per fun State y vntillthe C^'LibumetsU conqueli.



t^l^^S Erfia, if we take it f^ri6l]y , is thus bounded by * Ptolomey : It hath on * I'Mxaji.^.
"^ " '■i'd. the North, Media ; on the Eaft, Carmania; on the Weft, Sufiana; on



',^



Mf^^mf theSouth,partofthcPerfianGulfe. But this name is fometimesflret-

•t-\^^ chcd as farre,as that wide and fpacious Kingdome ; all that Empire be- ,
w^jk>^^^p% ing often called in Authors, Perfia, and differing in the bounds and li-
n)its,accordingto the enlarging or contracting of that Monarchic. It is fuppofed,

thatthePcrfiansdefcendedof £/rf»?, the fodne of* J^irw; whofc name remained vn- a Gw.io.i*.
toiKigioncMed £ijmafs,mem\onedhy^Tto/omejf , placed in the North partes of b PtalJib.6.c.t.

Media. PJtny mentioneth <= the Elaffutce,oa the South next to the Sea, which name le- ^ p/j^ i g cjB

romei in his daies gaueto one of that azi\on,fr.iter cjtttdam Elamita,crc. Xenofhon alfo j Hieton. in sf.

namcththe Tribe of the Elamites.yI/o/fjtcllethofthereigneandpovverGfC/?(?^fr//jo- 13 Xemfhon.

WfrKingofElam.'inthat morning of the world extended to the borders of Canaan. ^ Gw.14.
f/ii?;-Oisfcf.reportcs,that they were call'd of thcGrecks Cefhe»es;oii\\Q neighboring na« 5^' j .".' ■^'

tionj,yfrto.i'«;<^<«gaffirm$ that they were call'd of the inhabitants Magog^i(. M^ignfti. tcrb.^a'''i;g.

Hh 3 Other



7^2 Of^er/ta^andtheTerJtanStatejZjrc. Chap»4

Other namesare by OrteUtu ^ added, Chorfori, Aehdmenit^ Paechaia, Sic, It was cal-
h Ortelif Thent, j^^ Perfia of Per feus the fonnc of TiAnAt^ or oi' Ptrfes the foiinc oi Andromeda ; or (as

From the time of ChedorUomer^v^homAbram with his houfhold-armie ouerchrew,
vntill the time of Cy^i^s, little mention is made of them : he freed them from the Me-
dian feruitude, and erected firft that mightie iferfian Mooarchie. ^/*<«r»j ' (which
1 v.Bixar.m- j^^^j^ written twelue bookes of the Pcrfian affaires) iuppofeth that in that time of thcit
Ptrfietrum, fubiection to the Affyrians and Medes,they had Goiiernours.and lawes, of cheir own :
chrtft.Pexcl. oncly owing a tributane fubieition to thcother, as their fupieme Lords. This he col-
meliilic, hiiioii. Jeclcth out of Xettofhort. Cjrus was by name foretold by £[aj k, and the re-building
''•'"'• J, of larufalem, and the Temple, by his authoritie, before that Babylonian Monarchic
''^^^ ' was erefted which tieftroyed them. God after rcuealcd to iVtf^»c/&4^»fxi.(rr and D/t*
niel by drcames^this Perfian both rifmg and fall. And by drcamcs did he make way vn-
to the efifcflino of his decree ; a? appearcth in Herodotus, Ifftine and others. For A^i-
/ ^_^tfx 1 dreaming that he faw a Vine growing out of the wombe of his daughter Af«»-

uihitb.u * ' ^'^"^■> which couered all Afia ( interpreted by his Wizards , of the fubucrfion of his
Kin^dome by his daughters future ifiue) married her, as before is faid, to C^w^/A''' *
Perfian, deicended of the flocke of Perfeus fonne of lu^itsr^TtnA ^anae, and the foii
"OFthisfami. oi Acloimenes^ * that fo in that remote Region, meanes might failevnto any a^iring
ly andothcrof dc(i<Tnes. The Chaldaeans report, as v^/p^^w recordcth out of ji/^j-rff/6^»f/, that Ar<i-
thc Pcrfiaiis, hncljodo?)ofor hauing conquered all Libya, and Alia, as farre as Armenia, at hi*, rcturne,
fee Kimccciiis rauifhed with diuinefurie,cricd out,That a Perfian Mulefliould come,and fubdue the
tam.i, Babylonians. This agreesfomewhat both with the drcame, and the madnefle recorded

of that King by D-^^'WjChdp.i.and 4. The Oracle of Dclphos made like anfwere to
Cr<f//.'^That the Lydian • fliould then flee,when a Mule fliotild gouerne the Medcs.Hc
* chr}fl.Pc\el. vvas termed a Mule," becaufc of his more noble parentage by the mother, then the fa-
^ullil.hillur, thet,and their diiierfitic of Nation, i'/r^^o'" thiukeshe wascalled C)w.fof a Riueriri
^'"V", ,-, Perfia, being before called 4^>W<ir«j-. P/«r<irt»nfaith,he was called Qra/ of the Sun,
nPlutarihin'^ which with the Perfians hath that name. /"cVw^" calleth his wife Nitetts, daugh.
vita ^rijxerx'-s ler of ^/irwi King of Egypt. SnuLs fmhitvias B<.irdane , and that (be was daughter
o Pelj/einiisl. 8. of A-^x.irf/.otherwife called Daritu Mcditi. He conquered the Median Empire firft }
/^'■'«'' and after added two others, the V Lydian and q Babylonian. Crcefta the Lydian con«

P ■^•''^•'^''■V fultingwith the Oracleaboutthefucccffeofhiswarrejreceiuedanfwer:

That is,

' Great were Crccftufajfing Hale,greM flatePMllm.%ke to fall.

thctreafures ,^, r t j - i-rir r \

whichcyctfj This he interpreted ofthcouerthrowe of Cyrw/, but proucd itmhimfelfc; Crwpums

gate in his foone had becnc mutc,till (now feeing the (word of the cnemie rcadic to giue the fa-

warresjbuthis tall ftroakevnto his father) violence offudden pafTion brake open thofe barresand

PPf "j ,"^ ftoppcs which Nature had let before as impediments to his (pcech , and by his firft

(engrauenina mofl: fortunate-infortunate language, cricdtothc bloudlc fouldierstolparehis* fa-

piller.which ther. After his many great exploits, he warred vpon 2l;<7»5)'m the Scythian Qucene,

/tlexa-rider can- where he loft his hfe. 1 know not how,Diuine Prouidencefeemeth to hauefct thofe

'/jv'r '"^ "'• Scythian flints to the Perfian proceedings ; thofe great Monarche$,both in the elder,

crcdibfc":!^' ^"'^ °"'-' later world,euer finding thofe Northerne windcs crofTing , andin fome dil-

parcitulars mall fuccelTe prohibiting their ambition that way.. *

whcreofjleein Cvr«f was of (ofirmememorie,that he could call all the fouldiers ( fome fay butall

Volyxu.tib.^, jii j( hjj^ j„y place of command) by their proper names.He ordained,that his feuldicrs

and Opmeerus (},Qyj j j„ j^e firft ioyning with the enemie fing certaine Hymnes to Caster & Pollux,

X ^Sca!'ii.Ca'ui- that by this means they fhould not be furprifed wilh fiiddcn feare.He gaue leauc to the

fm^.Ai'if.A M. lewes to return and rc-pcople their country.and to re-build the Temple. fy^.yW.34ip.

34 z I. E^ra calleth this the firft yeare ofCyrtts ; not the firft of his raigrie, but of his Eafternc

£'^r«.i.i. Monarchie,zs in his Ediil himfelfeproclaymeth ; The Lord God ofheauen hathgmentne

adEmTed vlt ^l^^^^" Kingdomesofthe earth. ^ox after he had ouercome Dartm Medm ( whom Bero'

&inmi,'Brag, yi« calleth iV(?^o«»/</«/J in battell,aiid forced him to kcepehimfelfejn Borfippa : hee

bcficgcd



Chap.4' ASIA. The fourth 'Book.e'. 35^



befiegcd and obtained Babylon,whcre fpcnding fom time for the feeling of his iift'airs,

be after that forced Z)rfrj«j to yeelde; and returning to Babylon, made a conqucftof

Sufiana. All which atchieued, the ninth yeare after the taking of Babylon, thefeucn-

ticthof thelcwifli Captiuitie, the nine and twentieth of his raigne, and the firlt of that

hisBabyIonianEmpire,hemadetheDecyecabouc mentioned, and died thefccond

yearc after. It is probable alfo, that the Perfians who held Cyrus in fuch veneration,

began their iv£ra,or new Computation,from this time of his fetled Empire : an honor

giucn after by the Eafterne world to AUxandcrm like manner.The Babylonian Km^-

tiomc was thus difiided and giucn to the A^edcs and Perj7a>is; diR to Darius, by bloud Da».y.:8.

and dcfcent aMede.and after, by conqueft to Cyrus a Perfian. ^

We hauc large Fragment- of Crf/7Af (who was prefent in the battell betwccne Ar- XcnJe exfed.
taxerxes and Cyras^as wasXemphm alfo,who hath written the fame at large) collcft- O"''*"*
cdandre(eruedby'P/7cf»/«, who faith, hee had read foure and twentie booker ofthis
Ctejias his Pcrfica,, in which he much differeth from the reports oi Herodotus ; profef- ThotxMothec,
fing, that he had eythcrieenethofc things which he writeth, or receiucd them fef the 7^-
Periians themfelucs. He afifirmech that Afcygttf (fo he calleth AFtjages) was nothing
of kinne to Cyras, but being by him conquered, was firft imprifoncd, and after inlar-
ged and kindly intreated ; Cjrm t/King his daughter Amjtis (h. r husband SfytuK-in bc-
iiig{laine)tohis wife. HefubdaediheBadlrians.andtooke^i'OTrf^fjKingofihcSac^
prifoner. But his wife 5/)<«rff/jr^ with an armieot three hundred thoufand men, and
two hundred thoufand women,carneag3inft Cjrw.and taking him and ParniyfesCciZ
brother of ^wjyfMprifoneri, in exchange of them redeemed her husband. Amorges
after this helped C^w/inhiswarresagaind CrccfttSyViho (;he Citie being taken, and
his fot>ne,which had bceuc giucn in hoftage,flaine before his face) fledde into Afolloi
Temple, whence by magicall illufions he made an efcapc ; and being taken againe and
boundfafter, his bands with thunder and lightning were loofed, whereupon Cyrus
freed him,andgiue him the Citie Barenc,ncere to Ecbatana. Cjrus after that warred
againft thcDerbiccs,who by the help ofthe Indians and Elephants,.ouerthrew Cyrus^
who rcceiucd there a Wound by an Indian, whereof hce three dayes afterwards died.
But by helpeof^wor^w the Derbiccs were oucrcome, and their King Amorous flaine
with his two fonncs, Qr«j before his death made C^jw^^y^j his eldeftfonnehisheirc,
and 7^?;.ji?Avrr« his younger, Lord ofthe Ea«5lrians,Choramnians and Parthians, and
ktSpytades fonne oiSpyMma ouer the Derbices. He raigned thirtie yeares.

Cambyfes (Ctejias addeth in his twelfth booke) fent his fathers bodie into PerlTa.
Hcwarredvpon Egypt, and fcnt Amyrtatts the King with fixe thoufand Egyptians
CaptiuesintoSufa,hauing flaine fiftie thoufand Egyptians , andloft fcuen thoufand
Snd two Perfians, In the meane time ^p/;if«iAi<s?»?fM one ofthe Magi, being corrected
byTMiyoxa7-ces for Come offence, accufedhimtoC(«w?^j;,'i'/ his brother, whocaufed
himto die with a dra'jght of Bulls bloud, dccciuinghis mother and his brothers fol-
lowers, as if he had put the Magus to death for that flaunder. And fo necrely did
they refcmble each other, that Sphendadates was fent to the Badrians , where fine
yeares after, th; myftcrieof this imquitie was detcfted by Tybethens an Eunuch ( by
himchaftened)vnto^w«vto, who, v\ hen fliee could not obtainehimof C^««^j/f/ to
puniflimcnt, poyfoncdherfelfe. ^<i?»i)'/>/ after hcc had reigned cighteene yeares,
died at Babylon of a wound which he badreceiued in his thigh.by whitling a ftickc to
pafle away the time,hauing rccciued before direfull prefages of this difattcr, in his fa-
crifice not bleeding, and iftf.v;?«(f bringing him forth a fonne without a head. Baga-
fates and Artafyrashis chiefeEunuches procured theKingdomc to the Magus, reign-
ing with the name ofTanyoxarces, till Ixabates detetled him, who fleeing into a
Temple was drawne thence and flaine. But feuen chiefe men,Onophas, Idemes, Noro-
dabates, MardomHS,Barifes, iAtaphernes and Darius fonne ofHyBaSfes, confpired a-
gainf^the Magus, and by the hclpc of t^rtafyrai, and Bag^pates flew him in his
bed-chamber, hailing reigned fcuen moneths, ordayning the folemne fcftiuall J/^-
gaphoma in remembrance thereof. ,

Darm becing mounted to the Throne by the neighing of his Horfc ( as thefc

Princes



354



Plutarch in the
life ofArtax-
erxes accufeth
Ctcfias of ab-
futd fable»,&c

i Htroiat.l.i.



Seneca de Ira.



t ^;\ar.^I.



u Strtb.i^.
Arrlane.
Curtiui 1.9.
% 34*8.
7 341?-



OfTer/ta^andtheTerJian Statej<ijrc» Chap, 4

Princes had before agreed)built him a Sepulchre in his life time,in a hill ; which when
he would hauefeene, the Chaldxans forbad him , and his parents curious of that
fight,werc let downe by the Priefts with ropes: but they terrified by the fudden fight
of SerpentSjlet goe their hold, and Darius for that loflc of his parents flainc in the fall,
cut ofFthe heads of the Priefts, in number fortie. Hec marched with eight hundred
thoufand men into Europe againft the Scythians ; but returning with loffe , died after
hee had. raigncd one and thircieyeares. But before wee follow Ctejias any further,
let vs fee what the common report by Herodotus znA others hath deliueredof thefc
proceedings : and let the iudicious Reader chufc whom he will embrace. Scaliger
and otherSjtather follow H<rroi^«f«f,whorelatcth of C^w/^y^-/, that fucceeding his ta-
ther.hc tooke, and after flew Pfammemtus King of Egypt. And when hee would haue
added eyCthiopiaf to his new Conquefts, with the fpoyles of the Temple of v^www,
for which purpofes he fent two Armies; the one was almoft confumcd with famine,
the beafts and prouifions fayling.and that barren defert denying graffcj the remainder
by cobfuming one another, were (a llrangeremedie}pre(cruedfromconfumption,c-
uery tenth man beingby lot tithed to the fhambles, and more returning in their fel-
lowcsmawes, then on their ownelcggcs. The other Armie was quite buried in the
fands. At his returne,finding the Egyptians folemnizing the feaft of their lAoWApis,
he flew the fame ( it was a Bull which they worfliippcd) : and after dreaming that
Smerdisitlgntd, he fcnt, and flew his brother which was fo called,in vainefecking to
fruftrate this prefage, which was fulfilled in another of that name. He fell in loue with
his fiftcr ; and asking whether it were lawfullfor him to niarrie her, the ludges (vvhofc
authority with the Perfianslaftcd with their liues) anfwcred, thattheyhad no fuch
lawe,but they had another,that the King of Perfia might doc what him liked 5 where-
upon he married her. His crueltie appcared,in that /'r^^A'^/^fjprefaming to admonifh
him of his too much inclination to drunkcnneffe, he anfwcred , he fhould fee proofc
of the contrarie, and prefently fending for T'rfAr^sijJw his fonne, with an Arrow flioc
himto the heart : the father not daring but to commend his fteadie hand and Artia
(hooting. Heedicdofjhis owne fword , which falling out of his fcabbcrd as hec
mounted his Horfe,killed him,not fearing in this countrey of Syria any fuch difaducn-
ture, becaufe the Oracle oiLatona^ in Egypt had tolde him hee fliould die at Ecbata*
na; which he vnderftood of Media, and was fulfilled at another Ecbatana (more
obfcure) in Syria. He caufed a ludge, which had beene corrupted with money, ro be
flayed, and made of his skinne acouering for the Tribunall. Poljoenns tells , Thata-
gainft the Egyptians hee vfcdthis ftratageme; tofct their Gods (Doggcs, Cartes,
Sheepe,&c.)in the fore-front of his battaile, Heneyther deferuednor obtained that
honourablefunerallwhichCj'r^f had, who was buried at Paf^rgadi, aTovverfliado-
wed with trees , hauing in the vpperpart aChappellfurniflied wich a bed ofColdc,
aTable,CHppcs,andVcflelsofthefamemct'-all, with fiore of Garments and Furni-
ture,fet with Jewels. Certainc^rf^jwerc appointed to attend it, with daily allow-
ance of a Sheepe, and once a moneth a Horfc for facnficc. His Epitaph vvas.O man, I
amQyx\li,Ktngof AJia^FoHnder of theTerfian Empire \ therefore enme me not a Seful-
ehre. yf/f*<?W<T opened the fame in hope ofGold, but found nothing, fauingarot-
tcn Shield,a Sword, and two Scythian Bowes : he crowned it with Golde , and couc-
ring it with his owne appatrell, departed. Thefe things " Strabo , Arrianm, and Cwr-
tins report.

Next to * Cambyfes fuccecded/or a fmall time, one Smerdis, which was flaine as an
Vfurper,by the feuen Princes ; and r 1)arttu,i\\t fonne of Hy^afpes, fucceedcd, defig-
ned to that greatneffe by the firft neighing of his Horfe. For when no male ifliic royal
was left, thefe Princes agreed,That meeting in a place appointed, he whofe horfe hrft
neighed,{hould be acknowledged Emperour. Damn his hork-kccper, the night be-
fore,had futfered his Horfe theretovfchisbrutifliluft witha Marc j which the place
prcfently caufing him to remembcr,hc there( by his luftfull neighing) aduanced his
Mafler to the Scepter. Darius for his couetoufnefle (firft exacting tribute) was called
a Merchant, Cambyfesx Lord , Cjths a Father of his people. Babylon rebelled,and

was



Chap. 4* ASIA. The fourth Booke. 355



was ^recouercdby the coRly {\i3tzgtme of Zopynu ^ ,v.ho cutoftliisnofeandeares, z hs*.
and fleeing in that deformed plight to the Babylonians, acciiled Darms of that cruel- ^ JulimJ.z.
uc.(CtefiM telleth this of AIe^ai>jz.ffs.) They bclccuing, entertained him, and know- " f.'/'"
in<» his Nobihtie and ProwcfTe, committed their Citie to his fidelitie, which he vpon
the next opportunitie betraied to his Mafter. Dartas warred againft the Scythians, but
vnfortunatcly. His Armie was of 700000. men, After Zi-ir/arhis death XifyA-<f/'>raig- b i^66.
lied (whom Scdiger proueth to be A^uerm, the husband o^Ejiher.) He made league Scal.Amm.ici. m
with the Carthaginians, warred vpon the Grecians with an Armie (as Herodotus ^"^„IdotlV'
• numbreth) of 1700000. footmen, 80000- horfemen, 20000, Chariot men:Others j Xtr«sfen't
fay, That there were 23i7ooo.footrrenin Land-forces, befides i2o8.flii|pes. fte* fiift 15000, .f-
/f/W hath only 800000. men befides Chariots, and 1000. faiic of fliippes. Before the ter 20000, aiid
Armie was drawne the facred Chariot of Inpter, by eight white borfcs ; no moitall laftly 50L00



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 71 of 181)