Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 72 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 72 of 181)
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man might afcend the Scat. He offered to y^/^7<fr««^ at Troy icoo. Oxen. He, taking cho-cc men a-
view ot his huge Armic, wept, m thinking, that ot all that number in i co. y eercs none ^^^^\^ ^\\ h:,d
would bealiue. At the paffing of the Heilefpontike Straits, he (befides other deuoti- theworfc; till
ons performed) at the Sunne-rihng tookc a golden Vial! full ot facred liquor, and calt a tiauor
the fame into the Sea, with a golden Bowie and a Perfian Sword ; vnccrtaine whether taught A'fws
in honour of the Sunne, or in fatisfadionto theangrie Hellefpont, which a little be- ^"Jjg'.j^j^pjfl-g
fore, in more then madde arrogance, he had caufed to be whij ped, and hurled fetters ^^^ come vp-
thcrcin,with many menacing threatsHe wrote letters with like threatnings to Moimt on their backs:
Athos, and accordingly pierced his bowels, andmadeway by force thorow that high and then Lev-
and huge Mountainc. This Expedition was in theyeereofthe World :^/i,-]o.Leanides, w^^mihc
with his Spartans, enlarged his glorie at the Thermopylaean Straits J, or narrow paf- "j^|p/^'(|"^
fage, which a longtime, witha handfull of men, hindred the Pcrfiansfrom paffing. ^a^pe, and
LMarddnins was flaine, and Xer.ves fled out of Greece,after he had taken Athens, and flew ico^o.
lort great pare of his Armie, which in two yeeres fpace receiucdfiueouerthrowcs, at withhisjoo.
Thermo,.yls, at Artemifium, at Salamis, at Platia:, at Mycale. Xer.xej beingflaine of men which
Artahafius hiskinfman,^. M. 3485. ^r/4.v«rr.v« fuccecded, in whofetime Egyptrc- ^"^^g^/j.y
bdled, helped therein by InArHS and the Grecians. withkillmg.

Amongotherthema'dparts of Xerxes, it is reported. That hee fell in louewith a
ePlaneTreein Lydia, which he adorned wihchaines and coflly furniture, and ap- e Aeliau. yar<>
pointed a Guardian thereto, ty^rlaxerxesviiitto //77?rf»#/,GouernourofHcllcfpon. H#./.i. .
tus. That he fhould giue Hippoc-^ates Cons (who then liued.and whofe writings ftill re-
maine the Y-'hyhtiansOracleO'as much Gold and other things as he would, and fend
himvntohim In his time the Egyptians rebelled, and cizzced Iftarm their King, to
whom the Athenians f-nt three hundred Gallies for defence ; but by Artai/az,us and
Megah^us they were fubducd. ^yfrtaxerxesd'icA An. M. 3525.

After this ..^rt.;jA-«-.v^;,i\irnamcd £.o«|-/7.?»^,another JTerA-wfucceedcdandraigncd
a fmall time, as did alfo Sogdtanns, or Ogdtanus, or (fo Ctefas calleth him) Secyndui-
««/, whom Dantu J<[^othus Hew, and poffefled the Throne, CtefiM namcth him Ochnt,
and faith that he changed his name zoDariMs. In the time of this King was the Pclo-
ponnefian Warre, which Thmydtdes hath related, tyirtaxerxes M/iemmhiifonnz
iucceeded A>:. M. 3545. Hee flew his brother Cyrus ; CttfiM was there prefent with
tArtaxerxes^ whom hee cured of a wound giuen himonthebreaft by^r»^, with
• whom was then prefent ?nd partaker that great Philofopher, Captaine, and Hiftorjan
heereof, Xenophon. ^rtaxerxes was a name giuen (as foine write) to all the Periiati
Kings : it fignifieth a great warriour, as Br//tf» and Drufms obferue. 'K\i\s Mnemen
raigned40. yeeres. After his death fucceeded Of/;«/, and raigned three and twentie
yeeres. Next to him was Arfcs., or Arfames ; and laft of all Darius, whom yjlcxAnder T

ouerthrew the fecond time at Ai bela, v4». yl/. 3 6 1 p. and_ conquered that Perdan Mo-
narchieto the Macedonians. OfiheMacedonian fucceflors of Alexander (lo much as
concerneth this place) is before handled in our Syrian relation. They were depriued
ofthefc parts by v4r/"^rf;,ofwhom and all his Parthian foliowers, cuennowyeehauc ^ ^^^^^^.^

read in the Chapter of Parthia. ChronnWie

Concerning thefePerhan Kings, Chronologcrs (after their wont) ditter not a lit- „f thePcdian

tie :Maftei;fL»a?/y hath taken great paines in this Argument i befides the painfuUla- Monarchic



^ 56 OfTer/ia andthe^erfian ajfams^ (ijc. C n a p,^,

hours oi Scaliger,lu>:iiu, and many others ,bothRabbincs, and Greekcs,and Latines
in vs'hofe (beams Elephants may 1 wimme and the greatcft Students may finde enough
to buiic their Hudious braines : for me,it is fufticicnt to tafte,or at ]ea(} to enter fo farrc
fcs a Lambc may fafely wade,without perill of drowning. The Hebre\Aes,through ig-
norance of the Olympiades, and humane Authors (where thev are defticnte of their
Aben T.'^a. owne) are moll abfurd, fome S reckoning but foure Perfian Kings in all, tiJl AUxm.
\ Rab. Moles, dsts timc : fome ^ account fine : and fome ' three. Againft thefc, Perernit and Tern.
I K Sadiah & pornr/tu * mofl fharply (and not vnworthily) inucigh, as alfo againft their *= Chroni-
» Tf^MriT/ 5 ^'*^*' ^'hichafcribetothe Pe fians, fromthcfirftyeerc of D^rz^tf thcMcdc, buctwo
k SfderOUm and fifcie yeeres. /c'/irp^wi better feenc in Ethnikc Authors difl'entcth from them. As
Kdba, Seder for Mft.ijlhenes of Anntta, wee haix before fliewed him to be countcrfet, and the reft
OUmZot.1, Hi- of his brethren, t^ be either the baftards of Ann'm^ or Changehngs, which hce hath
ItoticallCaba- surfed, and would father vpon thofe Authors, whofe names they bearc. Vines* x.^%
"l yiucs' in tbem fo^-r^ftf/i, cr-vc/ fo/e atid:!a horrenda. monftrous reports, dreggcs, friuolous
froamJ.i&.de pamphlets of vnccrtaine Authors ; which, ifany bein loue with,hemay enioy with-
ciuit.Dei. out him hiscorriuall. ' Gcrop/wbeftnwcs muchpainesin the vucahngofthem ; and

1 Gfrop.Beccc learned men '"doenowgcncrally diftaftc them. lojcfhus" c\tQ% Meg^ijihenes i» auarto
"-Till ■ ^>^dtcernm the fourth Bookc of his Indian Hiftorie ; from whence Petrus Comtfiar
lof.Scilim yo' alicdgeth the faiTcteftimonie, with deprauing the word /«^/cor»»»,andiijakingit /«-
laterraius,Pcrc- diciorum. Annins adJe-^, not onely the corrupting of the name Alct :J}henes iox Me-
mSjTemporari' gafiheies. but a Hiftorie vnder his '' name, de ludicio Temjiorum & Annalmm Per [tea.
u},&c. rum,\Khexcni no marueli if he jroceed in the Stor:e as he began in the Title. Teroa/dus

" ,*y ■'<""■'* pjiihc Perfian Chronologie faincthdiuers names to the Perfian Kings ; as y'JfuerHS,

' Mctefthenes Art/ixerxej, ^Dariys AJ^ntiS, Art, ^x.'rxes Pats. Ljfef/;', and other moderne Writers
Annij. out of the Greeke Olympiads and Hiftories. hane giuen truer account of the Perfian
p Ecroxldi Tunes and Gouernment, beginning wiih the fiue and fiftieth Olympiad, and conti-
chron tr.^. nuing the fame to the third yccrc of the hundred and tvvelfth.

7) /mlo '^' ^ealiger and CaluifiHs (as youh.ue fecnc before) doc a little differ from this ac-
chroMoU.j.&c. COM tof Af.Ltuelj, whith he liuely pro xthby confercnccofotherHiftories, both
q lun.Amot.m Humane and Ecclei'afticail Clemens, Saf him, Herodoths, Diedorns, Pehhins, Xcko.
^^"■?- f hon, Thuctdides, T) loj fru) Ha/:cnyn,;fcus, L/w/u, and others. As mUchadoe ismadc

rh^'"" 1 '' about the beginning and ending ofDaNte/s wcekes, and the time of the building and
» Qh^pSg. ' finifhing the ftcond Temple, both which arc much iliullrated iy the rght knowledge
An.^. ofthePerdan Chronolrg;e. Junius 'h , Liv.ely ^ and fome others begin the account

f Broiii^bt. Con- of the threeicore and ten wcekes, and reckon the bnildng of the fecond Temple, in
cint. She. (he iecond yeere of Durius Nothus * , to whole rcafons 1 rcfcrre the Reader, and re-

Jeil' turneto our Perfian affaires. How JiibPeriian Empire agreed tothc dreameof Na-

t Ofthislatcr i'*^'^hodenofor3Lndi\\tY\(\onso( Damel, 'Brought on^ ,.^c«/»«r«/, and others haue vvrit-
PerCan Dyna- ten ; it were too tedious heere to relate, Artaxerxes (others call him, perhaps more
ftie kcAga- truly, Artaxares) recouered the Perfian Name and Empire fine hundred thirty eight
ihtai, B:\arus yeeics, as Bii^arus, Lib. 4. rcckoneth, after Alexander the Great had cxtinguifhcd
*. '^'"j* „^ them, and in the veerc of our Lord 2:10. Othcrsfav it wasin the veereofchnft 235.

1 amyilrlMt! lit j 1 - 1 tint r i • /^ n 1 1

SMellifjcio Hisf. and m the yeerc of the WorId4i82.a4id 56:.afteryi/f.v,-wflfrjConqueft:other$other-

fi.iri.i.i^^. wife. The Catalogue of ^ the Perfian Kings in that their fecond Dynaftic, you may

ccdrenus 6^ Zd. rcadc before, Lih'.i.c. 15.
naras, AnJij.


A' being a man of haughtie I'pirit, fought three battailes wi:h Artahaitus
the Parthian, and at tlic third time dcpriued him of I ife and Scepter together. He
proceeded to fubduc the neighbouring Barbarians ; and palTing ouer Tigris, difturbed
the Romane Prouince of Mefopotamia,dcuouring in hope, and chrcatning in tearmcs,
all thofe A JanProuinccs, fometimes fubicft to thePerfians, before the Macedonian
deluge. Alexander Secerns (fbnnc of Mammea) the Emperor writ to him, to ftay his
couric : But Pikes, not Pens, were like to preuailc with Artaxares, who brought into
the Eieldfeuen hundred Elephants, and cightcenc hundred Chariots, and many thou-


C H A p. 4» ASIA. The fourth Sooke, 35^

fands of horfcmen, but with much bloudflicd was forccdtolcauethehonour of the
day to the Romanes. Herodtanas fccmeth to write harder fortunes ofthe Romanes in
thiswarre. Bnt LampridiHS^ Eutrofius, Orejius, and Zajimus wihe, ThztSeuerutob-
tained the vicftorie, and tookc Ctefiphon and Babylon, and fubdued alfo Arabia.
AgAthiai " affimieth. That Artaxares was called Magus. u /littb'tM^.L

Valerianus was ouerthrownc by Saptres, the fucceflbr o?Aftax4res, in Mefopota-
mia, and there taken, and was made i foot-ftoolc for Saforts, on whofc necke he vfed
to tread, when hec tookc horfc ; and at laft was flayed aliuc, and fprinkled with Salt.
Zofintfts faith, That he was trccheroufly taken at a meeting for conference : and Tie-
heUius Pellio afcribcth it to the treafon of his guide. This cruell Tyrant affliiftcd the Ro-
man Prouinccs,to Cilicia and Cappadocia,filling with dead bodies the broken fpacee
betweene the Hils,feeding (as it were) ihofe deformed gaping iawes with cruell ban-
quets of mans flefli. Odenatus P*lmirirtHs brought fome light to the Romans in this
darkened and drcadfulIEclipfc of their Sunne, and recouercd the Roman Territories.
His wife ZembtA after his death, like another Semiritmis, proucd a fortunate Generall
and Warriour againft thePcrfians,and alfo againfi the Romans,from whom flic with-
held Syria.till ValtriHS Auretianus carried her to Rome, being by vnexpcftcd accideiic
furprifcd. Asfor'L'<«/<'rM»«^, it wasthciuftiudgemcntofGod forhiscruellpcrfecu-
tion ofthe Chriftians, whom he had at fiift fauoured, till one of the Egyptian Priefts
had perfwaded him to this and other wickedncffe, as humane facrifices, and fuch like.
£u[eb.l,-].c.<)» He was taken ofSapores, A»,Dom.i6oi»{Kt Caluijius comput3tioR,
^Mntingus hath two yecres Icflc.

In the time of Pro^w^ the Pcrfiansfucd for peace, and obtained it ; hec procuring
fuch peace in the Eaft (faith Vopifciu) that a rcbelhous Moufc was not heard to pecpe.
Caru4 his fucccffor warred againft the Perfiani, and hauing cntred their Countrey as
fatre as Ctefiphon, was flaiac with a Thunderbolt (no Romanc Emperour, by I know
not what fccret dcftinie, from the time oiCrdpu, palling thofc parts, without vnfor-
tunatsfuccefle,) This was.4w.-Dow. 28^, [ —

Dfycdtian fcnt GaUritu againft Narfes the Pcrfian, fonne to Varranes,ox Varaat^.
»«, the fecond: (for after 5<«p«r<?/, Wtfrwi/i/rf his fonne had raigned a ycerc ; Varranet
the firft, three yecres ; Farranes the [econd, fixteenc ; andathirdof that name onely
foure moncths, as AgathtMTCc]i.oneth.) But not farrc from Carrhar (fatall to the Ro-
mans) Gclerius Cafar loft " almoft all his Armic.and therefore found homely welcome x OTef& Pm,
at his rcturne, D/tff/,f//4»fuffering.him to lacquey (in his Purple Robes) fome miles i-*titi,A,v.ifS
after his chariot. Indignation fupplying his former defeds, hce recouercd his credic
with the oucrthrovv ofthe Perfians ; N^rfes fled,leauing his wiucs.fifters.and children
to the Conquerour. A League was madc.with rcturne of Armcnia,Mcfopotamia,ani
Affyriato the Romans.

LMifdate: the Pcrfian began his taignc Au.'Dom.^oi- To him A», jop.fuccecded
his fonne Sapares, and raigncd (which 1 thinke was neuer read of any) longer then hec
liucd in view ofthe world, beginning his raigne before his birth, which he continued
threefcore and ten yecres. For yl/z/Siiirwy dying without iffuc male, and leaning his X AgathlM;l.4
wife great with childe, the Pi inces confulted with the Af4^/',whcther this future birth
would be a male j which they affirmed, obferuing their predtdions by a Mare, then
ready to foale: and the Princes fet on the Crowne, or Royall Enfigne, on the mothers
belly, acknowledging him for their King. This Stperes, in a letter to Co»flanttKs the
Emperour, intituled himfelfc Kwg ofKings^pttrtaks*' ofthe Starret,l>r»ther efthe Sumks
and Moone : he demanded all that had before belonged to the Perfians, to be reft«rcd„
Betwixt them grew a bloudiewarre, as Ammianm relateth. .y/«/»(»r#/tookeSingara
and Bczabde, ^«.P««>. 559. but was repelled into Perfia by C(j»/?4«//«^. /H/ia»his
fuccefTour fecking to fubdue the Perfian,loft himfelfe.The beft part of himfelfc he ha<f
loft before in Apofiafie, which plucked this deltru(Sionvpon him. An. -^62. Itisvn-
certainc whether diuineorhumane hand executed this iuftice on him. JouinUti was
prefcntly faluted Emperour.but forced to agree on difhonourable conditions with the
Perfianj.lcauingtheRabdiccnSjCarduenSjRhcfens, Zalens.andNifibistothePetfian
dominion. And a little after, in the raigne oiVfitns, the league was broken by Sapo-


Of Terfia and the ^erftan affaires.^ ^c. C n a p.4.

7. A.Jio9.BK>tt.


h Socnt. Hi(l.

c KicepIi.CnUiJl.

d Mates, firft
author ofthis
Hercfie, was
flayed aliue,
andcaft tn the
iib, 6.cap. ii.

fff, who wonnc Ctcfiphon : "c/'.^/^wi intending thiswarre, was by the Gotlics oiier-
thrownc,and burnt aliue, before he could cffedtany thing, An. 377... When Thiede.
/wraigned, the peace was renewed. ."•''-'

After Sapores fucceeded Artaxerxes;Q.nA after hinJ Sapvres, his fonnc, both which
raignednineyeeres. Then followed r'^y^w" C(;r/w/j/<»rclcuenyccres, to whom fuccee-
ded '^ Ij'digertes, who held peace with the Romans. Trocopias writes. That Areadius
the Emperour on his death-bed. An. 407. ordained in his laft Will, this Ifdigertes the
Tutor and Proteilor to his fonne and hcire Theodoftus, which he faithfully performed.
t^gathiM alfo acknowlcdgcth it a currant report. » Afaruthas wasin credit with this
King. He.was a Chriftian Bifhop, and by his praiers ha-d cured him of a grieuous fick«
ne(le,which the Afagi with their Fierie fuperliition , and all their labour, could not cf.
kdi. Theyl/^^rconfpiring againft .^^"-wtW, watched opportunitic; that when the
King fhould come (after the Perfian wont) to worfliip the F;rir, a man (whom they
had hidden before within the earth for that purpofe)cricd aloudjThat the King fliould
goe forth, as being accounted of their God impious, whofoloued a ChriRian Bi-.
fliop, Hcercupon the King bethought him offending him away. 'QaxMarnthasM-
peihngthc knauerie, counlelled the King to caufe the earth to be digged vp ; for the
Fire, faith he, cannot fpeake.- The King going into the Chappell or Sanduaric, and-
hearing this voice againe, followed Marmhai his counfcli, and found out their pac-
king, and punilhed the authors} allowmg Marnthas to build a Church, w herefocuer
he pleafed, in Perfia. And whiles fhe Mfigi yet added to their treacheries he net only
punifhfdtheirperfons, but dillafted their Religion, andpurpofed tobccomea Chri-
fiian, but by death was preucntcd, which happened An, 42 1 . Varanet, or V.iraraKes
his fonne, followed not hjs ftfrps,ibut both brake league with the Romans, and pcrfc-
cuted the Chriftians. Tia^fh his Gcnerall, with his forces, were defeated, Azaniia
wafted, Nihbis befieged by ;the Imperials : The Saracens, which aided the Perfian,
ttricken with a ftrangeluricrandamazemcnt, drowned themfc:uesinEiiphr3tes. Iti$
faid, a hundred thoufand men pcrifhed. Theodofms then Emperour knew thele things
by PalladtMs^, who in thrccdaics d'd ride from Conftantinople hither, andbacke
againe in as many ,vfing to flic in this manner to any the rcmctcft parts of the Empire,
with fuch ad'.inrable,and almoft miraculous expedition,with his cclentiemaking that
fpacious Empire feeme but narrow and ftrait. r'<«r4<»r(««if/ fent an Armie of thole ex-
pert fouldiours which were atr6ng them, for their cxcellencie, called /mfr,ortall, but
the Roman (words fooneproued them mortall. Thus fucceeded thatwarre which he
had begun for defpight to the Chriftian Religion and Profeffion. Hecwas forced to
fccke peace, and ended or mitigated his pcrfecution. To him {uccGcdcd.An.^^ 1 .ano -
ther I<,dsgerdfs, who raigned ieuentcenc yceres ; and after him Peroz,es, w ho raigned,
foure and twenty yeeres : after him, his brother Ol'.iLa (Biz^ants cals him EUf.-sJmki.
foureyeeres. Cabades his fucccfTor renewed the Warres with the Romans : and no
maruell, for he was cruell to his owne people, and warred eucn againft Nature : for ht.
ordained (as fome report) That women fhould be common,any wedlock- bands not-
V\ithflanding. Whereupon his Nobles confpiredagainflhim, depriuedandivrprifo-
nedhim. BlefesviZitmh^onnxA^ScaligermihZamaffes) who foure yeeres after rc^
figned the State vnto Cabades againe, who hauingbcfore raigned cleuen yceres, ad-
ded thereto thirtie more. IsljcephorHS ' tels.Thathee became fnend to the Chrifhans,
and permitted free libcrtie of that Religion vpon this occafion. Betwcene Perfia and
India was a Caf^le, called Tz.und«daer, wherein Cabades had heard,that much money
and iewels were kept. Cabades vfed all meanes to obtaine it.but in vaine; fo flrongly
was it (as the Storie faith) garded with Dcuils. Hee therefore vied all the Perfian Ex-
orcifmestodifpoffcirethem ; and when they preuailed not, hee fought to cfteit it by
thelewcs, but with the former fuccefle. AtlaftheemadevfeofthcChiiliians, who
expelled the fp;rits,anddeliucred the Cattle vnto him.

iti^reportedjthat he flew Zi?//«i^i?j, King oftheHunnes.for playing onboth hand?,
and coniming to hel; ehim in his warres againff theRomans^hauing before fworne to
afTiftthe Emperour. About thefe times were the Aiamchees << dcffroicd in Perfia, for
-coirupting his fonne Phatnarja with their infedious leauen. Hee therefore |]ewtheic


Chap. 4* ^S^"^* The fourth 'Booke, ^59

chiefe Prelate Indagarns, atidmany thoiifand jMa«ichess^ all inonc day/nauing affertii.
bled them with a wile, protelTingjthat he would make tliat his fon King, He aflembjcd
s.\{ot\\c ch\cico(thc AIagi.Gl9i!az.e.i;znd Bottz,a>tes iChtUVunB {ho\i>, forthef^reatcr
folemnity.with like deuotion as fehu facrificed to Baai,w'nh the prefence and altiftance
efIch0Kadal',i.Ki»g. 10. Ca/ui/iiis {ikh this was done v^». ^i^.Cairadcs died v4»i5^i.
His fonne Cofroes the Great fucceedcd and raigi^cd eight and forty yeares.He abouc
the thirteenth ycare of Ii^siinians'En\p\re, yin. ^^p. inuaded the Roman Dominions,
tookc Surus, burnt Berrnja, deftroyedAntiochia, and with Icffefuccffle befieged E-
jdefla. /4f 4//^/<« ^refcrreth this C'c/rtfif/ for his great exploits before Cynts ^ndXerxet.
Yet was his end ignoble.and vn worthic his high fpirit. For tJMamititu, in the time of
'77^*n//.<,entrcd into the Perlian dominions, and burnt fome villages necfe totheplace
where Cofroes t\\<:n was for his recreation, and faw this burning fpeitaclc : wherewith
Indignation and Griefemufiering greater multitudes of fearefull, vnquiet, enraged
thoughts in his heart, then (Jliauntttu had fouldiers inhis Armic, vnable tobear*
fuchvnwontedfightsofhoftile flames in his Countries, and fuch vnwontcd fights of
inward perturbations, euen greatncfle of fpirit made way to PuHllanimitie, and being
weakened with colludation of contrarie paflions, a Feauer, taking that occafion and
aduantage, apprehends him, and foonc after kills him.

Some fay, his fonne Ormtfda tJigned feuen yeares with his father. Hcc fucceeded
and raigned eight yeares. He was exceeding cruell by reafonof a.prophecie thathis simotsttakfl.
fubie6ts fhould difpofleflc him, which caufed him to difpofTcflc thoufands of them of MatirJ.i.e.i6-
their liucs : and made him fo odious.that they eafily after apprehended the occafion to
fulfill that fubtildiuellifti Oracle. Againft him Mauritius performed worthic attempts,
which made way vnto him forthc Roman Empire. And then alfo he had good fljcceflc
againftthe Periians, by the valour of /'/'//»fpf/« his Gcnerall: infomuch, that the
Pcrhans moued with thefe and other difcontcnts, by incitement of 'Vanrmtu depoied
Ormifdayi\\\cd his wife and fonne before his eyes; which hauing remained to performe
vnto him that their lall, vncouch, vnnaturall feruice, were picfently after put out, with
burning needles thruW into them, himfelfefirftimprifoned, and after beaten to death
with clubs, by Co/ro« his fonne. That r'<}r<t»7/« had,a little beforc.beenefcnt as Ge-
nerall againft the Roman Armi^e : which his feruice being found vnferuiceable,and the
Romans prcuailing, he was not only depriued of his place, but, to his further difgrace,
was, by the Kings commandement, " clothed in womans attire : w hich indignities he * smocatXi,
jcpaycd not in words alone (in his letters ftiling Orir.ifda, The Dt^nghttr of Chofroes) f.8.d^!.4.c.3.
but with thofe vnnaturall and difloyall pta6tifes : which he continued alfo againft Cof-
refs, fonne and heire of Ormtfd-i, forcing him to flee to Mauritius the Empcroiir for
fuccour. For/^jr-^wwdidnot approuehisfucceflion, but writ vnto him to relinouiffi
his royaltie, for feare of fuccccding in his fathers fortunes. In that letter he ftileth him-
felfcj Frieud of the Gods, Eiemie of Tyrants, >yife,Religi«HS, FnhUmeah!c;Hafpie,PrO' StmocJ.^c.7,2.
uidentjdcChofroes giucth him an aniwere,whercin he thus writeth,CH osroes A^/»^
»f Kings, Lord of Lords, Ruler of Nitions,Prtm e ef Peace ^ S'l/uation »fr»en,amoK<Tfl the
gods d man good and eterhall,an>ong^ men agodmoH illyflrions^moH glorious Con^uerour,
rifing withtlje Sutwe.giuiiig eyes (Starrej)tolhe night, liable fom his AnccFlrie, tlcBat
for all thefe great Titles, he was compelled to flee, as is faid, and write in a lower ftil6
to (Mauritius.

ThiophiLiUus Simocatta, fpcaking of the Ahares a Scythian Nation dwelling neerc s'lmoc.hiH.MaU',
JBer, faith, that they were defccndcd of the Hunnes.and that BocoUhroi (which word WcXlcj. & 8.
fignifieth one that is a Prieli and Magus, for their Prieits were their Diuiners) hauing
offended Chjigan, the Prince of theie Abares,fled vnto their originall Nation, dwelling
JntheEaft,neeretothePcrlians,commonIy called Turkes. This I meant to flicw the Ymcomaniiit.
Turkifh originall, and their common dclcentwith theHunnes ( with whofepofie-
rity in Hungary they now hold fuch continuall diflentions)by the teftimony of an Au-
thor which writ his Hiftory a thoufand yeares finre.In his third Book and fixt Chanter,
hcfaith,theHunncs which dwell in the North-Eaft.whom the Perhans called Turkes,
were fubducd by King Hormtjdas ; & wheras before the Perfians had vied to pay them
forty thoufand peeccs of gold to buy their peace, they nov\ toiced thefe Hunnes to

I i pay



of Terjta, and the ferftan AjfaireSy^src Chap .4.

• B'xar'i.hijl.

cap. 1 o.

b Nkeph I.17.
fir i9. ex Sime

c S'im»cat.l,i.
cap. I.

i Si^rijtb.6,

pay fo ipuch for tribute to the Perfians. The Persian gold bred fuel) furqucdrie and
cxcefTeamongfttheTurkcs, that they had their beds, tables, horfe-furnitureand ar-
mours of folide gold : which prodigalitie made them couctous, and to demand larqer
contribution from the Perliaiis ; hence arofc thofe warres, and that thr^ldome of "the
Turkifli Nation.This Author, firft of all other to my knovvlcdgcmentioncth the Tur-
Tiifli warres, which fioce hauc y cclded matter for Authors mote then enough,

Thcfe Turkes are » faid to hcipe f^aramm in his rebtllion ; but both he and they rc-
ceiucd difcomfiturc by Narfesthe Roman General!, and fix thoufand were taken and
flaine.Thc Turkes being asked why they helped f^rf^^wjw^, anfwered. That they were
forced thereto by faminerthey were alfo marked with a black Crofre,vvhich(thcy faid)
they learned of the Chriftians, thereby to expell hunger. Cefrees thus recouercd the
Kingdomc by aide ot'the Empire, which yaramta had vfurpcd to himfelfc.

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 72 of 181)