Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 73 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 73 of 181)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

He ^ was deepcly fcene in the Chaldian my(leries,and being by a Roman Goner-
nour rcproued for fome tho'e times when he fo much needed their hc|pe;hc
anfwered.That the times did aduantagchim to thofe reproofes; but know (faith he)
that calamities fhall alfo befall the Romans, and the Babylonian Nation fhal rule them
three wcekes ofyeares. After that, in the fift wccke,the Romans fhall fubduc the Per-
fians : which being come to pafle, a diy (hall come that fhall haue no night, and the
expeiledendof the Empire fhall be at hand; in which time cor uption fhall be abo.
lifhcd. and men lliall line accordmg to Diuine ('Ordinance.- This, either falle or vncer-
tancProphecK (accordingtothat2)*r/)(?»<'j(/<'o/iW<i»)hevttcred but what effect an-
fwerablchnh followed,! know nor. ' Inhis time the Saracens, confederate vvithihc
Romans, fpoiled the Countries of Babylonia.

This Cofrois raigncd nine and thirtie yeares,Hc held peace with the Romans w hilef
M-ttirititu liued ; but when Phocoi cruelly and trcacheroufly had flaine him,a world of
cuils at once artaulted the Empire. The Germani.Gaules, Italians, Hunnes, and Perfi.
ans, by their Armies afflitf^ed the publike State ; and the Roman Birtiop then began to
afpire to an vniuerfall Soueraigntie.which that Murthertrfiilk entitled him vnto.That
Armic which was yet red with thcbloudof cj^(f«>-«f#«j, by the Pcrlian-. fword was
punifhed,and died m their ow:-.e bloud : who hauing ouerthrowne the Romans in two
battailes, poflcfled Mefopotamia, Syria, Egypt, Pairftina, and Phcehicia. He entered
lerufalem, flew andcaptiucd many Chridians '^, and carried thence the Off/^.Againft
the Iberians, Armenians, Cappadocians, Galatians, Papblagonians. euen vnto Ch»i-
cedon, hepreuailed. Thus did Godpunifh that Murthcrer, and bcfidcs(topayhimin
hisownecoync) PnfcM, Heraclon^ and i/fr/»fA/«confpircdagainft this Confpirer,
andmurthercdtheMurtherer, and hauing cut off his Priuities, andhjsHcad„ hurled
him into the fea^ and dcdroyed his Iflue.

HerMcltPu fuccecded, who reprefled Cefroes, vnto whofc power Carthage, with A.
frica,vvas now alfo fubicdtcd, which hchad inuaded, conducftinghis Armies through
Egypt. W<rr<«f//«j-fendkanEmbafragetohim, which rcceiued this anfwere. That he
would neuer lay downe Armes till the Cr»cifieJ Cod were abolifhed, and the Fcrjiax
^///?r4Worfhipped.This encouraged Heracltus (eeingnow Chii(ihinifelfe wasapar-
tie , vnder whofe Banners he could not but finde happiecuents ofWarre. Co/ro.-j had
flaine in Pala:ftina fourefcore and ten thoufand Chriftiaos , snd the lewcs alfo had
brought many of them to thcflaughter. i^irr/«f/r«^ encountred with 0/i?<»«;/ andfl w
thirtie thoufand Pcrfians By a ftratagem he wonne Sartatus, a great Commander, to
his part. In another battaile he had loft the Field, but Thunders and terrible Tcmpcfts
were feat (isSucceutunata Copt*) to alfift the fouldiers of their Lord, and vfhercd De-
ftrudiontothcPerfianCampe, whiles the Romans killed them, being both blinded
■with Lightnings, and amazed with inward terrours and outward Tempcfts. Hee had
before chafed (^ofraet, and taken Thebarma (a Pcrfian Citie) wherein was a Temple of
the f/r^, which by fire he confumed. And in the yeare626. Cefroes now ai his wits
cnd,or rather quite beyond them, appointed Mcdarfes hisfonncto be his fucceflour
andheire apparant: wherewith ^/r#«, his elder fonnc, being difcontented, confpired
to betray his father and brother to Heraclins : and foonc after caufcd them both to be
flain at Ctei^phon.Peace was concluded with thcRomans,& their Prouincesreftored.


Chap. 5' ASIA. The fourth 'Booke.

Onely Arat)iawa5by Mahumet holdcii, as a Seminarieofa greater rtiifchiefc, vndcr
which the world with gricfe and amar.emcnt ftill groneth. Lope Obrtgon in d large
Spanifh bookc.ofchc confutation ofthc Alcoran, which he faith he gathered otit of
the Moores writings, tells that Muhomet fcrued Heracliw in his warrcs againft Cof.
roes, with more then ten thoiifand \-\oric-men;V betjuar , Homar, Hoz^men, and Hali^
being chiefe Commanders vnder him, and being after the vidorie denied pay, cor\-
quered a great part of Pcrfia to himfelfc. Ahd when Siroes fucceffor to Co/roifijWith-
ftood him ; he gauc him the oucrthrow, and therefore the Perfians chofe a new King
toreprcfTethefe Arabians rand that after this, Heraclitu fending for the Croflc which
he had rccouered from the Perfians, from lerufalem to Conftantinople, (this PrfZ/rfi^*-
um being gone) he wannc Jerufalem and the Countries about. Other prodigious thi-
raclcs he farfeth into his floric, and defcribes a Throne which Cofiaes had made in a
tower of filucrgarnifhed with precious ftones, vndcr the fame on one fide the Sunne,
on the other the Moonc,and iuft with it the crofle which he had taken from lerufalem,
and that he would be adored for King and Lord of the world. But I will iiot iugage
my felfe farre foribfs Hiftonan,

Siroes j^defer,Baraz,M,2nd Burum the daughter of ^o/r(J«,in their Order of fuccef-
fion in that difordercd and turbulent eftate,had fcarfe two ycarcs allowed to them all :
to whom fuccecdcd Ormi^da lezJegird, who about the yearc 63 2. was oucithrowne
and flainc by the Saracens : and that Perfian Kingdomc (then weakened by ciuill d'lf.
fentions) wasfubduedto Saracenicall fcruitude; and that fccond Perfian Dynaftic
(continued as Scaliger » reckoncth in eight and twcntie fucccffions.the fpace of foure > lofSulig,
hundred and two yeares) had anend. From thence vntothis time their Religion is Sa- l''!'Y''^\ .-^
racenicall: their State gouerned by the Crf/»/k/j ^ and fuch Commanders or Sultans MeUifc^Hii.
asthey placed oucr them, till theirSuItans warring with the Califa for Soucraigntie, /lar/.j.arxjoii'i
procured aide from the Turkci: who difpoflefled them of their Kingdome prefently ihir<Jbooke
after they had disburthened them of their enemies: The Turkcs were difplaced and fl«:weth'the
chafed away by the Tartars. Of thcfe both Saracens and Turkesyou hauc the hiftory or^"'" •'^c*
in the former bookc, and therefore nccdlcfle heere to be related pQi the Tartars fliall \\■^^^^ **
follow in their order.-Now let vs a little lookc back to the Greatnes, and other thingi
moft remarkable in the Perfian Kings.

Chap. V.

of The Perfian Mn-gmfcence^Anci other their Antiquities.

<«%xMg?2^r5^ He time of the firft Dynafl:ie,howfocuer Dionyfitu Halicarnajf. contra-
"^if vJ i^^i^h it to two hundred yeares, and Cedreniu to two hundred and four-
^S^ tcenc : yct^Curthis (who writ the oucrthrow of the fame by Jlexatu
?^^v '^"'j '" the time of C/<iW/Kf, vnder whom, if5n/o«/«* ' hath gathered c Br'if,deT{eg,
^ly truly, he was Proconful of Africa) and Hicrom, and Clemens Alexand. yerf.lib.i.
^-^ and others little difagree fiom that our former accout of 2 :5 i.In which f,1'''/!nt« a=
fpace the greatnes oftheir Kmgs appropriated the title ot the Cjreat King vnto ihcm- cUm.Strom.Lu
felues,as Drufas in his Ol>jem^lio>!S,znd'Brifeniw out of Die Chryfofiomus, Arifiides^
Jfocrate.t andothers haue obferued : fo Artaxerxes.Ez.ra 7.1 2.callcth himiclfe King of
X;W/,which the Parthian after annexed to his ftilc. The Kingdomc was hcreditaric
both in Pcrfia and Parthia,the cldeft fonne begotten in wcdlocke,fuccecding. In long
expeditions the heire apparent was nominated. They vfcd to be inaugurated or crow-
ned (after our phrafe) at Pafargad.T,<> by their Pricfts, which PlntArch thiis defcribeth. d TIuUhvUm
The defi^ned King goeth into a Chappell of the GoddcCfe of War ( it may be thought '^"<"<f>xK.
Mmerua) and there putting off his former habir.puts on that which Cy^tu ware before
he was King:then doth he eat a lump of Figs,3i Turpentine,and drinkes a cup of fo wre
milkc: their other ceremonies are not kno>.vne.On his head was fet a Cidaris or Tiara;
this was a kind of Cap or Turban t, not like a felt of wooll, but ofdiucrs pceces of cloth
fowed to"etlier,Tr/V« plea fata de lacnms; the Kings differing fro the comon fort,be-
aufehisalcendcdflraitwithafharptopnotbovvedanyvvayj to the other Perfiansit


1 i 2 Vv'as


a VrufObferu.


b Diadcmd fa-

fciela Candida,


/im. Marcel.

c IficmPaneg.

Ejfer I J. 14.

d Ii/ft'mMb.6.

e J£.li.m.(^Jj'!fl.


i I'^akr.Max,


g tbile^.lib.i.

562 Of the Terjian Magnificence ^aml other their Jntiquities.Cuk p . 5.

was deadly to weare a Tiara, except the top bowed (in token offubiedtion) to their
forhead. Onelythc poHcritie of thofe, which with £)«r/»« /^»i?<2/^« flew the vfurping
^^agm , might weare them bending to the middle of their head, and not hanging
ddwnc to their browes, as the other. The Kings Tiara was properly called Ctdlttris
aria was fet on by the S arena, which was an hercditarie dignitie, next to the Kino. A-
boutthisCidaris he wore a Diadem, which fome Authors » confound, and makcto
be the fame; <?thers otherwife : it was a purple band, or of blew colour, diftinguiftied
with white, which was wreathed about the Tiara. The right or ftrait Tiara, u ith thac
purple and white band, was thenoteofroyaltie, as the Crowncin thefe parts. The
Diadem '' in other Countries was a white band wreathed about the forhead.The new
King was placed alfo in a golden Thronc,and(if he plcafed) changedh is former name
as Ctdomannus to Dartttt. His fubiefts adored him as a ^od (fo did the Greekes « ''id_
terprete it, and Mordecat, which refufcd this ceremonie to Hamata) prollrating them*
felucs on the ground with a kind of veneration; turning their hands behind their back
ifthey had any futeto the King. j'pfrc^<<r/andi5«/*f Lacedemonians, and Co>ion J the
Athenian rerufcd this Rite: Ifmem/u e the Theban diflembled it With taking vp his
ringjwhichfirihatpurpofe he let flip fromhisfinger,whenhe came' before the Kin<»,
Timngsrat f was put to death by the Athcniansfor doing it, Inthetime oi ^ylfelh.
mtts g, none might come to the prefence of the King, which had not before done the
like adoration to his Image. They alfo when they came into the prefence of the Kin«»,
hcldtheirhandswithintheirfleeuesifor default herein, Cyrw lunrnr flew jiniefacet
and AittYAMi ^ as Xcho^honwv.^'d^. Likewife for the greater Maieftie they fcldomc
werefeenc of the people, and then neuer on foot .-neither might any enter the Pallacc
without licence of the King, fignifying his attendance firft by a meffenger : this honor
wasrefcrued tothe Princes wh ch flew5w»*rJ«, which might enter at all times, but
when the King was in bed with his wife ; which Intaphernes (one of the feucn ) tranf-
grefling, therefore lofl his head. Yea the Scripture '' notcth the danger hereof in Ha-
>w.i<j,theKingsgreateftfauoritc,and£/?*rtheQueene, neither of which hadlibertie
of enrrance without the Kings call or admifilon. It was a capitall offence to fit on the
Kings Throne,to weare thcKings garment, or in hunting to rtrike any beafi before the
King had flricken. The King (as before is noted of Cambyfts) was not fubic-^t to any
law : the people were held i n much flaiiery,if that may be fo called which is voluntary.
In this affcfiion they which were " fcourged at the Kings command, were thankful! to
him for that they were had in remembrance with him.Their obedience appe3red,when
Xer.xes^ being inafliipindanger^manyathis wordleaped into the feato lighten the
fliip.Yeatheywouldbetheirowncexecutioners when they had offended the ' King.
None might falute him without a prefent. His birth-day was obferued a facred and fo-
lemne felhuall.His death was bewailed with a filencc of la wes and futes fine daics.and
with extingu'fhing ™ that fire, which cucry one obferued in his houfe, as his houftiold
deity. The Kings abode was according to the feafon: feuen moncths kith Zenarat " ia
Babylon, three in Sufa, and two in Ecbatana. ty£luin therefore compares themto
Crt;ues,& Artstsdes to the Scythian Nomades : alway by this fliifcing.enioying a teni.
pcrate feafon. Stifa or Sb^pjan^w^s fo called of the abundance of Lillies,which in that
language are fo n3mcd,faith Steph^nu*: a Region lb defen«ied by high mountains from
the Northernebla(ts,that in the Summer the vehement heat parched their ° Barly (it is
Straboes report, and therefore they couered the roofcs of their houfcs with earth two
cubits deepc) and it killed the fnakes as they crofTed the waies.It was (ituate on Choa-
fcs and entertained the Kings CoiTt in Wintcr,as Ecbatana in Summer.the chicfe Ci-
tieoftheMedes. Sometimes it alfo rcmoued to Pafargada:; andfometimesto Perfc-
poliSjthe richcft Citie,if 73 Worw P be belceued, vnder the Sun, wherein was a Towet
enuironed with a threefold wall,the lirfl; cf which was fixteene cubits h'gh, and made
withbattlements the fecond twice as much, the third (quare.and lixty cubits in height
of h ;rd ftone with brazen gates : on the Eafi thereofwas a hill offoure acres, wherein
were the Sepulchres oftheKmgs.-^/f.v^iW^r in reuengeofthe burning of Athcns,and
by infi:gation ofwinc, and Thau his Concubine (^M<trs, Bucchiu, /'fw>«, three heauy,
vnruly,tyrannicallenemies,confpiring)burnedthis fomtimc-Trcafure- houfe of Pcrfia.

"" ^ The

h Ejler.$,&6.


V Herodut.US.
1 Ambtol,Hex.

m Vlodor, Sic,

lib. 17.

n Zaa.Amnl.i.

o StTibol.M.
cr EHptb. in

p Viodvr.Sic.

C H A p .5^ • A S I A. TJ^c fourth 'Booh. . , . . 5<$3


The PcrfiaiiCourc or Pallace had many gates, and guards which tooketiirncsby
lot : Cyou rcade the wordes oi AnHotlc in his bookci^if Mutido , hereby manifefted to
bchiSjOratlcartasauncient inthathewritechofche Perfian State flourifhing before
jikxander in his time had fubuerted it) rome,he fa'th,\vere called the Kings eares, o-
thcrs his ejes, and others had other offices, by which the Kmg learned whatToeiier was
any wheje done,3nd therefore hoiden as a God; And befides his Pofts which brought
newes, by fires or Beacons, he njght in one day learnethe State of that huge Em-
pire, extended from the Hcllefpont to India. The Pallace-roofe admirably fhined
with thebrightniffeof Iuorie,SiIucr,Ambcr,andGolde. His Throne was of Goldc,
bornevp with fourcPillars.befct with gcmmes. His bed was alfo of Golde( which
was propounded the reward xoZcrobdi'dTinA his companions i-cr.j ;?.^. ) yea , Hero-
^{ir«/ tells ofa Tabernacle of Gold?,of a Plane trec,anda Vineofgolde giuen toDa-
rtusby i'u/j/wtheB:thvnian. This Vine y^f/yfA?>€«^j-»repcrteth, was adorned with je- a Athen.l.n.
weis,and hung oucrtheKmgsbedjthc Grape- clurters being all precious ftones : in a ■vidxudM Af,
Parlour at his bed-, feete were 3ooo.Talentsofgolde in another at the head, called the '••*•
Kings bolfter,vvere 50oo,Talents. Gardens werel^ adioymng, which they called Para- ^ ^fier-r.
difes : fome very largc.wherein were kept wilde Lions, BcareSjBores, for the
Kings game,with fpacious woods and plaines,incloied in walls. Tully out aiXertofhon s en e Hut c
telateth the induHrie of Qrw.which his owne hand had mealured, planted, ordc-
ied,and husbanded one of thofepleafant Paradifes. yUex^rnder cm'tched them with
trec> and plants out of Greece. The Perfian Kings dranke the water of Choafpeson-
]y,whichto that purpofe was boyled, and carried with them in filuer vefTelswhercfoe-
ucrthey went.ThePsrthianKings drankeofthiscandoftheRiuerEul2Eus(aRiucrri- c TUn.l.S.zj,
fing in Mcdia,which after it hath buried it felfe,againereconering the light, compaf- cb-'.'^-3-
feth the Tower ofSufa and the religious Temple of Z)/..'»^. 'Doki el calls it/7i«?; itfec- '^•"*'^'*-
mcth to be orto becom the fame with Choafpes; & fo doth Ptoltmey confound them)
they dranke alio only Chalybonian wine, madeatDamafcuj inSyria, and their brcAd
was made ofthe wheat of Aflbs in Phrygia. Their fumptuous feafHngdappcarcthin d Ej?er t.
the Scripture.beyond what is read in any ftorie of any King : in which was fomewhat
ofcuery« Nation fubicifl to him,fet before him: his Salt was brought out of Egypt, e Jtheit.l.S.
Amongrt the baggage and ftuffe of D^rnw, which P.innemo tooke at Damafcus, were
found two hundred feuentie feuen Cookes.nine and twentie Scullian?jthirteen which
had charge of whirc-meatcsjfeuenteene which were to minifter water, feuenty which
belonged to the wine-celler/ortie which looked to the oyntments,& fixtie fix which
made Crowns.How many,may wc thinke,were there in his fetlcd Court ? His dining- ■'''^'''•'•i^-
loomc was full of mufical women, whereof one began the fong,the reii followcd:threc
hundred of thcfe creatures finging,playing,dancing, fpent the night in his bed-cham-
ber. He f which could deuife any new pleafure.was highly rewarded ; for which pur- fcic.Tufi ?«*g.
pofeXfr.vwpromiled largely to (iich Epicurean-Maficrs by an open Proclamation. l.^.t'^'alMax-Ug
TheKingvfually fate alone, fometimes his mother and wife were admitted : other c.i,
gucfts fate where he might fec,but not be feene ofthem: yea,thcy had flauifh fawce to
theirfvveetmcats.beingnarrowly watchedbytheEunuches, whether they caftany
liberalllookes towards any ofthe Kings women. Yet the Parthian gneiss had more
feruileentcrtaincment.ascuennow wc fhcwcd. Concerning the multitudes oftheir Ck,inVeyf.U$.
women, and curiofitie oftheir lufts, the booke o'iE'sfcr yceldes ample tcftimonic. (^i*
cero addeth.that they beftowed for the maintenance oftheir wiues robes , and drefies ;
one Citie for their haire,another for their necke,yea, thereuenues of whole countries
onfuch excefie. Socrates in fldtos ty^lalnades ie\\Qt\\ of an Embafladourinto Per-
fia, which was almoft a whole day in trauelling through a Region, called the
^csncs G/r^iA'janothcr called \!at ^htcous Head-tire,ind fo for eucry oiber part of her
Wardrobe. hiv ^.h:

The Kings s cbildfCh (efpccially the eldeft fonne ) were prefently after their birth g f^'W. xcnopb.
cornmitted to Eunuches.which befides education did compofe and order their lims: s<"rf./.i,c.ii.
atfeuenyeatesofagetheylearncdtorideandtohunt, hauing skilful! intruders for ^ ,nZ^''J'!:,y
. that purpoie: at fourteeneyeares they were committed to the difcipline ofthe Rojci/l m»nieht.ii!i.
Mii^crs,y<\\id\ were tbure choifcly learned ; the firft in Prudence , which taught the;

li 7 Ai''?iA '

3^4 Of the Terjian Magnificence ^and other their ^ntiquitteS'CiiAp,'^

Magia oiZoroaflres,inA the inftitution of a King : the Tccond, in lufticc j who taught
to fpeakc and dealctrucly: the thirdjin Temperance, wherein he inftruftcd his new
difciple: as the fourth in Fortitude. The Perfian King had one , whofe officcwasto
falutc the King with thefe words ; Arife,0 Ktng^andthmke onfuch things as Mefcromaf.
des would h/i/te thee. Almoftcueryday he performed his holy Rites, for which caufe
h Athenli. vvercflainc'' cuery day looo.facrifices.amongft which were Oxen, Aflcs, Harts, the
OUagi being prclent. Before their facrifices they difcourfed ofpietic : and w hen they
went to this their deuotion,there were men on both fides the way fct in rankes , with
officers called ^<j/?<^«'/'^»>"'VA'hofufFered none but great Perfonages to enter. Firft
were led BuUs.foure and fouretogether,which were facrificed to Jupiter. After them
■were led Horfes to be offered to the Sunnc. Then followed a Chariot drawne with
whiteHorfcsjhauinga golden beame, and crowned, facred to Jupiter: after that, the
Chariot of the Sunne like the former. Then a third Chariot , the Hotfes couercd with
Scarlet ; after which followed men carrying fire.and ncxt,ihc King in his Chariot; be-
fore which went 4oeo.Target-men,and 20oo.Speare-men about it : There followed
:?oo.with Darts on horfe-backe ;two hundred horfes with golden bridles : and after
them three thoufand Perfians,and in the laftplace the Mcdes, Armcnians,Hitcans. Xf-
nophoK'mdeed,wh\ch writes this in his JnFittutmi of Cyrus, intends rather the frame of a
iuft Empire,thcn the truth of hiftory, yet profefl'eth to relate no other rites & cuftoms
then which the Perfians embraced : neither doth he in thefe things difagree fr«m }Je-
rodotus & C«r.'««^ .The Kings Chariot was drawne with white horfcs,thc drowning of
i StnJeIraJ.j. one of which was the caufe of drying'the riucr Gyndes.For Cj/rus enraged for the loffc
t.»i. of his white Palfrey, diuided the riuer by force of men into 3 20.rills; fo that it w ilderd

and loft it felfe in thofe many by-waies: an argument whatDiuifion can doe. Thefe
horfes were of the Nifsan race in Media.Whcn the King defcended from his Chariot,
aoolden ftoolewasfet him to ftep on rone alway attending his Chariot with fuch a
ftoole.Whilc he rode in his Chariot,he fpent the time in whitling with a knife , not in
readino or any graue meditation, and therefore was vnlearned.When he went on pro-
k SMdn.v.h. grcffe into Media,'' he enioyned the countrey to fpend three daics before to hunt Scor-'
i^.\x.&l.i\, pions.which there abounded ; allowing rewards thcrfore.They vfcdbythcmfeluesor
dt Animal. c.i6, (heir Le^atstovifit their officersintheProuinces, and to punifli orpreferre thcmac-
cordin<' to their merits. In iudgcments they not only conlidered the crimes & actufa*
\Am.MmtL tjonJ buttbecounterpoifc alfo of their venues :and the clemency' oi Artaxerxes Qn
^'i°' their irreuocable law)appcared in cutting offthe Tyar^ of condemned perfons,in flead

of their heads. As often as the King entered into Perfepolis.euery Matron was to haue
a piece of golde "iucn her : the men alfo were rewarded with multiplied children : but
cfeecial rewards were beftowed on them which were called Orofa»ge,v.h\ch had defer-
ued well of the King, whofe names & fails were therefore recorded , as we leade of
^^"'-y MordecM,ii his rccom^cnccThemtfioclei receiued of the kings bounty the Citie Mag-

AEiml. Probia. ^^^f^^^^ ^^^^ j,j^ jj^^aj ^vvhich region was worth 50.TaIents yearly)Lampfacum for
vvine,Myusforcates.Thc chiefegiftgiuentoany wasamillofgold. The kings birth-
m Hertd.1.9. day was a folemne feafi called "" Tyiia,thit is perfeA, for the magnificence thereof: ia
yych he •Jaue gifts to the people:yea,he might not denie any petition then made to him;
The kino nourifhed fo many Indian dogs for hunting, that foure great villages in the
plaine of Babylon were affigned to their (uUcnzncc.Art/ixerxes caufcd MegaiijzHs(iS
Ctejias writeth) to be beheaded for f^riking a Lion with his dart , which was ready to
affault the king.becaufe he therein tranfgreffed the Law.and preuented the kings tryall
of his valour. The reuenues of the tributes were 14J60. Euboike talents the filuer
and gold were melted and kept in earthen ycfTelSjwhich were broken when they came
to vfe the fame. Bcfidesthis,thcfubie(ftprouinces yeeldedtothe maintenance of the
king other thir gs : as Armenia,horfes ; Babylonia,foure moneths vi^uals,and the reft
of Afia the other cightjand other regions their peculiar conmodities.The kings ordi-
narie guard night & day guarded the Pallace,the moft of them Perfians : another band
of 1 0000. choice hor(e-men were wholly Perfian,and were called Jmmortal: one thou-
fand of the bcft of i hem, called •DoryfW* and Melophcri, Were chofen into the Kings
Curt.l,i. guard, TheyrccciucdaomoncybutallowanccofviiJluall for their wages. Curtt/u


Ch A p,6. ASIA. The fourth 'Booh'.


mcntioncth a guard next the Kings perfon, called the Kings kinfemcn, which were
1 ^ooo.But it were too tedious to recite the Hontotirw,Megtflanes,iv\d other his court-
officers and attendants, the Sitrefiav<\\\c\\ was the chiefc Magiflrate,& others.wherof
^r<jfo«'«^hath written. As their Hues were burthcned with voluptuoufnefle, fo they
prepared for their deaths (that they might defcendfuddenly into the graue, as lob faith of
the profperitie of fome wicked, w»r^o«f any bands, to v(c Danids phrafe , of a lingring
death) certaine poyfons,tempcred of the " excrements of the Dircxrus an Indian bird,
•which in fhort time.without fcnfe of griefe depriued them of life. After the kings death
they extinguiflied the facrcd firc.which rite Alexander ohkrncA » in Hephxjiions func-
ralhin Pcrfepolis were ere£ledvnto them irately monuments, with Titles and Epi-
taphs infcribed.

1 might here terrific the delicate & already-wearied reader with reprefentation oftheir
Martial marching,difcip!ine,nnmbers,armors,& the likc;of which.5n]/tf« hath written
a whole book. Yet becaufe we haue thus far waded in matters of the Perfian magnifi-
cence; let vs take a litde view of the HeirejfuccefTor to that Greatnes.Great y^/fAr<iW<?r
inflate cntring Babylon,thus by Curttm related. Many came forth to mccte him : the

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 73 of 181)