Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 74 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 74 of 181)
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wayes were ail flrowed with flowers & g3rl3nds,on both fides were ereifted filucr Al-
tarSjladen with Frankinfence and all kind of odors. There followed him for prefcnts
droues of horfes and cattcll: Lions and Leopards in grates were carried before him.
The Magi after their manner of procellion finging,had the next place ; after them the
Chaldians,& the Babylonian both diuine rs and artificers, with nnificall inflruments.
Then the horfe-men,furnifhed beyond magnificence in excefTe of prodigalitie. The
king with his armie followcd,and lafl of all the townf^men. He that will compare with
thefe relation , that which in the bookes of the Ron i(h Ceremonies is written of the
Popes ftrait Tiara,eniiironed with a triple crown : the veneration performed to him by
alljCuen Emperors kifling hisfeet, holding his bridle & flirrop.putting their fhoulders
Tnder his chairc when he lifts to ride on mens fhoulders, holding water to his handcs,
and bearing the firft difh to his Tabic : the change of his name at his cledion : his Pal-
freyes al wayes white, like theNifean, led before him ; one of which carrieth his God
vnder a Canopic : his Scala,Procefrions,and other rites ; fhall fee fome hence borrow-
cd.mofl exceeding the Perfian ExcefTe. Once, all Religion with them fecmeth turned
into flate and Ceremonie, the foule being fled, and i\\\s(bodfly exercife) body of exer-
cife,in exercife of the body ,oneIy left.

Chap. VL

of the PerJIan cMagr.
t ^^jg^ i ^^ He name o^AIagih fomtimcs applied (fay fome) to all the Perfians, or
jelfe to a particular nation amongfl them: fomtime it fignifieth the mofl
» excellent in Philolophie,8/ knov\ ledg of nature,or in fan£lity & holines
' of life.Thus *Sutdas calls the Perfian Magi,Phtlofophi,zn<\ Phi/otheifiu-
' dious of knowledge, of nature,& of God. Somtimes it fignified fuch as
we now call Magictanf,Tpri6iikcs of wicked Arts.Among the Perfians
this name was ancient & honorablc,faith ^ Peucertts^nffWed only to the Priefts, which
liued in high reputation for dignity & authority, being alio Philolophers,as the Chal-
deans were. To thefe was committed the cuffodie of religion,of ancient monuments,of
later hiftorie$,ofpublike records,& the explanation ofthe Perfian wifdom, whofe ac
count appcareth in the former chap.where, after Camhjfes death,one of them is repor-
ted to fucceed in the Throne.Now wheras the Ethnikes had a tradition of two <; Genij,
which attend euery man,one good,thc other euill ; proceeding(in likelihood)fromdi-
uinctruth,concerning good & euill Angel$,whicharc ehhctmimjirtngjptnts {or mzns
goodjOr temptersynto euil:curious men hence took occafion to deuife new arts.which
were called ^ff/* and yn^A* ; by the one calling vpon the good Z)<{»wy» or Gempu ; by
thcother.onthe euill : which <•«/// 0«f could ca(i\^ tnrn htmjelfe mto an Angell efUght ^lo
delude blinde pcople,being indeed(as in our tVhtte & B/acke witches at this day)worfc
whenanAngell.thenwhenaDiuell. Hcreofwerediuers kinds; ^Necromancie,vjhkh
inuocaicd the fpiriM of the dead: of'vvhich fmoaky Sootc,thc Heathens Diuine.Poets,

; and


lob ti .

Animail.^ f.41

o Di»d,SJ.i7.


S»sl(fjk)i ArtL

a Smdas'tnv.
Magxi. PftUtti
de Dum. Scal.ex

b Peuceruide
Mugia. ^ "Del-
rio di/quiJ.Mag.
1. 1 .Procliu de
An.eir dam.
c Brutiii was
terrified with

tlie like they
and many o-

d tifjcjuof^.f-


Of the Terjtan Ma^i,


andourpoetkallDiuinesin the tales of Hell and Purgatorie , flriue whofhallhauc
iheblackefttindurc. They bad zKo ihiir Leca>!cmMicte, which was obferued in a Ra-
lon of vvater,wherein certaine plates of golde and fiiuer were pn t with levvcls, marked
■with their jugling Characters, and thence after pronuntiation of their wcrdes were
(ya.';paixa.rVit anfwers whifpercd ; f GaBromancie procured anfv\xre by pictures , or rcprefentations
yJ}c,73(D(Mi.^tiA inglafle-veffels of water, after the due Rites. Catoptrcmancie recciued thofe rcfem-
x/jL/sa^^o/WIwa blanccsin ckareglafles :C>-y/?.2/!'ow/i««if,inCryftall ; DaBylwmmmevi^s a diuinati*
Jk^lvKnix-tUTla on with Rings (which perhaps G/^^vfed) confecratcd by certaine pofitions of the
twfjutvTitci. beauens,anddiuellifhinchantments. 0«v^w»«f with Oy'c and Sootc daubed on the
vStoi^Avre'ia. Naile oUn vndefiled childe and held vp againft the Sunne: Hydromafiae w'nhwitet :
a.ico[^et.nt^et. nyleromanete with ayre. But what fhould I addc the many more names ofthis Artleffe
Cum miittis al^i; Art,vn Worthy the naming ? Til^i mmina milte, Aidle mcendt artes; Infinitely diuerfified
dequibi(i?ei(cc- gfj thefeblinde by-wayes of darkcncfle and mifchiefc. Dc/rw hath other diuiftons of
ri'.!,&Regmald. jyiagike, which from the efficient he diuideth into NatHrall,j4rtificiall^^ndDidoltcall:
M.'!f,& cxliii'i *'■'""' ^^^ ^"'^j '"'° GaodandBad: and thisbad(which is by explicitcor implicitc com-
pact with Diuels) into Magta /pecialis,' Diumatto^Ma/eficiufn^ & Nugatorta. Zoroafter
is fuppofed Author both ofthe good and bad vnto the Perfians. Natural! Magike is
by Z)i?/rwdeuided into that which worketh wonders (not miracles) and that which

Mag-Cemp A

grippa dc van,


i'liii £,io,c.l.



Bo^^bier Arit


i Plata Akib.

Apiil. Apolog.
I'erfarum hngui
M-gas eft qui

diuineth. But 1 am wcaric ofthis Magicall fcarch.Leauewe them in their Mazcs.Cir-
cles, Labyrinths of Errour : and let vs take vcw ofthe Perfiain Magi , from whence
i'/zwf sderiucth the firft originals of Magicall Vanities ; which arc (faith hec) com-
pounded ofthreeArteSjthatexercifemoIi imperious power ouer the rnindesofmcn;
P^jy/cj^f, and that oftcringhcrfclfemorefublimatc and pure, in the facred namcand
rites ofi^f/wo«,beautified alfo with the addition ofMathematica/iSaeitccs ; ( a three'
foldcordnot eafilj ^rcA<=»,like a threc-hesded Cerberm ox triple crowned Prelate, hol-
ding the world in feare or louc thereof) Zoroaftres (who liued as Ettdoxiis tcftifiethj
fixe thoufand yeares before P/.jfojfirft inuented it in Perfia. Hermippm affirmeth, that
^gomx taught him. Apu/orm andZuratus among the Mede s , Alurnsandius the Ba.
bylonian,H'/'/'ocwthe Arabian, andZ*«w»r<r«»i^/Mthc Affyrian , haue becna famous
for theirprailife^nd writings ofthis A:t. Pythagoras, Empedocles ., Dtmocntiis, Piatt
layled farre to learne it, vndertaking long cxics, rather then pilgrimages or peregrina-
tions to that end. He impioufly addeth A^ofesunA Iochubell(\i may be he meaneth lai
y7^/«J to this impious number. The Scripture tells of y^^w/, and lambres , zniSmon
Magus famous in this infamie. Hierome faith, they were the Philofophcrs ofthe Chal-
df ans.and that the Kings did all things-after the direction of their Art j which (they arc
P/tuies wotdcs) in the Eaft ruleth the Kings of Kings. Pcrphyrins affirmeth , that they
which were wile in diuinemyfleries.and performed ihem.werecalled of the Perfians,
AUgi: the fame,laith P tests, that Phtlofophers were amongrt the Grcekes. The like hath
Philo, and Proclus, and Amobtus oi Hosihanes Atagiu. They were If udious in piaycrs,
inftitutedfacrifices,3ndmyfferies,as the Indian Brachmanes, and Grecian Theologi;
acknowledged Angels,Paradifcs,the foules immortalitic.'P.:/nf///j alio addeth to this
their Philofophie and Theologic,Aftronomie and Phy ricke,and all knowledge ofNa-
cure, hislikethatinthe Perfianyl/^^tconcurredbotha certaine ffocke or kindred,
which were all fo called (as is faid) and the Philofophicall inquihtion of Nature,& the
Prieffly fun(5f:ion,and alio lome eyther implicitc or explicite focietie with Diuels. The
fame they were, at leaft in profefTionand reputation , that tht Philofophers with the
Grecks,the Prieffs in E^y^i,Gjmnofophtstes in India.Chaldians in Babylon,£)rar'^('/in
Gallia and in this our Ifle,the Italian Arujpices,^ other religious pcrfons ( theTreafu*
rers of their Theologic & Philofophie) in other places. As for thofe yl/iJff^MTicntioned
in the ^ Gofpelljfom fuppofe them to come from t^chiopia ; fom from Arabia ; feme
from Mcf potamia ; fome from Chaldasa ; and fomc from Perfia ; and fomc from di-
ners of thefc regions. Whenccfoeucrthey came, they had a brighter Starreiocu'idt
them with diu ner light, then thofe Magicall brands of hellifh fire could yecld.

Plato ' commends this Afagia,and calls ]tALichdgis'iia,ind ^ea^AjpaWa the worfliip
ofthcGods; and faith, that the Kings of Perfia learned it, as a knowledge of diuinc
inyf^criesjwhercin by the worlds Common-wealth, they were inftrucikd to gouerne


Chap. 6- ASIA. The four th'Booke. 367

their owne. Others, as they were led by differing 3fFe£lion,doc as much difcommend '
them. And truly (asintheChaldxan, and AegyptianPiiefts) their fearching out the
myfterics of Nature cannot but dcfcrue commendation, bu: their abufing this niimrall
Philofophic tovnnaturall conrpiracievvhhdeuilSj cannot but bee detcHed of'thofe
which are not thcmfelucs dctcfied ofGod. And cither from this deuillifli conipiracie,
orouer-curious vanitie, didarifcthoir prcdi(5lions of future eucnts : in which refped^
the Ethnikes had them in high reputation. Ammianm Marcellixm^i^Lnh, that Zorg- k Am. MartiU
ify^rir/addedmuch to this Art from the Chaldianmyflcries, iDdHjf-/p(s^ thefather '•'''.'•»3.
of ©<?»■//«, from the "Braclsmaites^whkh he in his Indian trauclshad found in a woodic
folitarinefTe, and learned of them the motions of the Starres, andpurcrircs offacrifi-
ces : which he taught the Adagi, and they, together with the skill ofdiuination deliue-
red to their pofteritie by tradition : and thatprogenieis alway confecrated todiuine
fcruices, and keepe continually burning certaine fire which firft came from heauen;
al'mall portion whereof was wont to be tarried before the Kings of Aha. There were
butafewofthematthefirtt: and it was vnlawfull to touch the facrifice,or approach to
iheAltar, htioxz'^z MagtU with a certainefct fpecchhadpowredonhisfacredprc-
paratiue liquors. Afterwards being incrcafed in numberthey grew into an entire Na-
tion, and inhabited vnwalledtowncs, being gouerned by their owne law cs, and ho-
noured for religion. Cicero writeth, that the yW^^/ did afTcmble together /» i^«»<#, Diu'm.
into certaine Temples or confecrated places, to confuit about their diuinations. They '•'•
prcfaged to Cjrtu 50. yeeres raigne. They dranketheheaibc7"^M?f^(ffe, andvl'cd
3l(o thchesij^hc j^gl'tophon ot MarmcritM when ihcy yvould diuine. They diuinedby Tlm.l.i4^7.
the notes and markes of the body ! they foretold the euents of prodigies. They might f^eU^nteuLz;
not teach any but Perfians the myfteries of their fcience,without the King:> Icaue. And
yet P/inie laith, that F/rffo, Democritfu, Smpedocies, '^iid Pythagoras, vndcrtookc j>!'m.!.zo.
exiles rather then trauels, to learne the fame, which after their returnc they taught.
JpoHonifu alfo for the fame caufe went into Pcrfia and India : whole Philofophie
plainly appeareth by thebifibrie of his life to be foiled with magicallimpuritie. And
although lome commend one fort of A/^J^!"*, as being theirTheologie and Philofo-
phie, yet feeing thcirPhilolbphic was corrvptcd withcuriofitie, and theirTheologie
with fupcrfiicious Idnhtrie , it could not be free from fome kinde of implicite forcerie,
as the examples of thofe "^ which were mod eminent heercin, doe f]ie\v. Suchahonc „, Apollon'w
Pafcswus, who by enchantments would make fhewes and refemblances of fumptu- Hnphmes cha^
ous fcafts, with many attendants : and had a Magicall" or enchanted halfe- penny, nndcu^vemo-
which would rcturne to himagaine, w hen .hee had bought any thing therewith. Yea '^'''"''/^ Ppha-
howfoeuer, Patricins would not excufe oiily^ur highly commend the Oracles (as he ^'^'"i ^
termcth them) ofZoro.ifler, yetdothhe citsSJutot him, thzt Bar baroiu names mufi nSuid.u.hsact
titt is chi'.vged. Fer all thifigx haae their namesif God, whichhatte anv.Tffeak^iblefower camethc
in holy things : which words feemeto incline to CharmeS; which are commonly in Proucibc,
barbarous vufigntficanttermes. Other things which he with great paines hath gathe- "^
rtdoucofthe Platonikes, ftamped with Z oroaj}crs numc , arc many of them diuine, >'/^«ftA/oc.
being intefprcted in the beftienfc. Forthey arcforthemoftpartobfcure, and many
exceeding the fenfeoffuchvveake readers aslconfcflcmy fcife.Sonel hauchceieex- " zoroaf.Oyirc.
ptefled. In all the world fhineth the Tnnirie, <?# which the beginning sVnitic. The «t iH-cp.Pa-
FathcrperfecSed all things, and deliuere^thenrf'to the Second Minde, which all man- « '*""• ^"';
kiiiHecallcththcFirft : Heremaineth inthepaternall profunditie. It is the Minde of « omt die''
theMinde which i^ramerofthefierie world. All the world is of fire, and water, and «
earth, and aire. He faftncd a great company ofnot-\\'3ndringflarres,a;^d y.wandring tc
creatures, Joining fire to tire, the earth in the iuids, and the water in the receptacles of ic
tile earth, and the aire aboue them. 1 etthe iminortallfoulclift hereicsvpwards, not <c
downwardsintothisdarke world, which isvnftable, madde, headie, crooked, alway cc
encompalTing a blinde depth, hating thelight, of which the vulgar is carried. Seeke ct
Paradife The fou'e ofman wdl after fome fort bring God into it felfe : hauing nothing «t
mortall.itis wholly rauifhed of God. Itrcfoundcch thcharmonie, vnder which is the cs
tnortallbodie, extending the ficric minde to the workc of pietie. Idefirenot facrifi- <«
ces and inwards, thefe are plaies^flce thcfe things if thou w ik Oj'Cii tHc lacrcd paradife c«

of -'


Ofthe'Perfian Ma^i^ (tjc.


• Siiid.ts in vtr-
bo ]utianm.

* vid.lren.Ter-
eitm Dtm.&c.

o Soriim.l,t.c.9
p Cicero de
q Strabo I. i ^
Nim MagHi ex
tantre & gnaio
gignatur operttt
(faich CatuUm)
Si vera cH Per-
farumimpiti re-
* OthoHeur.
IndiiM. C.28.


I In loiiiK.l.i,
r PMifanJ.6,

t 'D'"rtJe


ofpietie, where vcrtue, andwifdomc, and the good law, arc gathered together. If
thcfe things areharfh, what would thofeobfcurities be in hisThcoIogie, wherein he
firftplacethOnebegmning, then a paternall profunditie of three Trinities, eueryof
which hath the Father, the Power, theMinde. Next in orderisthe Jntelltgihle lynx^
and after it Synocheus, Ewpyrem, and ty£therea/u, and Materials j and after thefe the
Teletarcha : after which the FontaKt Patres, Hecate : and fuch a rabble ofnamesfol-
low, that the recitall would feeme to coniurc the reader into fomc magicall maze or
circle. They which are curious ofthofc inextricable labyrinths, may refort to Pfe'dm,
Patricifts, and the Platonikes, which afcribe thcfe things to the Aflyrians and Chal-
dians, as they doc Z oro after zlCo. Delrio and Patriciets 5ndc(\}i of thci'e Zeroaftfrs
mentioned in authors, (Goropiia after his wont, paradoxicall, none at all) thefirttof
which was inuentor ofthis Magike, a Chalda:an,fuppofed to hue in the lime of^ira-
ham. 'Berofiu firft, and after * lulianw a Magician, both Chaldeans, communicated
thefe mvfteties to the Greeke; : anddiuersofthofehcretikes * in the prime age of the
Chriftian Church were not a Httle fowred with this magicall leauen, as appcareth by
Ireȣ:n,Sp!phafiius, AuguHiue, and others that write againft them. Bafiltdes\\isAb'
rmxM (the myfticall charafters of which name make 565. thenumber ofdaiesinthe
yeerc, and of heauens after his opinion) is fuppofed the fame with Mithra the Perfian
deitie, and hence to hauc dcriucd his magicall dcfccnt : which we may note of others,
if this belonged not to anotherlabour.

The Aittgi had one chicfe amongft them in their Societic, called by Soz.omene,
'>Trtnceps Al.igoYum. Ctcero Paffirmeth that none might be Kings in Perlia, before
they had learned the difcipHne of the Magi', neither was it any more lawfull for eucry
one to be a Magus, then to be a King : Such was their cliimation in Perfia. Str^b$
q tels that they vfed carnall company with their mothers : and when they are dead arc
cart foith vnb'uricd, to be a prey to the Birds. Heurnius makcth Zoroajicr authourof
inceftuous copulations of all forts * , and of the not-burying ri tcbut either to burnc or
cart forth the carkafle. (yea authors wjite that hehimfelfedefired and obtained to be
confumed with fire from heaucn.) Nothing fccmcd to them more vnluckie, and figne
offormerleaudnefle, thenthat no bird or beaft would prey on their dead. And the
fouldiours which fickened in their armies, were laid forth yet breathing, with bread,
water, and a ftaffc to driue away the hearts and towlcs, which yet when their ftrengih
failed them, eafily deuoured both the meat and keeper. If any recoueied.and returned
home, the people fhunned him as a ghort, nor would fuffcr h»m to follow his former
trade oflifcj tiUhe were expiated by the Magi, andasit wererertored againeto life.
The Romans in pitie, pafTing thorow fome part of Perlia, where they found a carkafle
in the field, buried it ; but the night following, in a vifion ,a graue old man in habitc of
aPhilofopher, reproued that fail, willing them to leaue the naked body to the doggcs
and birds, and the mother earth (faith he) will not recciuethofe which hauc polluted
their mothers. Which in the morning they found verified, the earth hauing vomited
vp that carkafle, which there lay on the top of the graue. The Aff?^/ hcereby appeatc
tb hauc had intercourfe w ith the dcuill : as by their prediiftions alfo, of Sylla, Ochtts,
Sapores, and others, mentioned by Patercttlus, ^yElianus, Agathi.'.s, and other Hifto-
rians. Thus were the yl<frf:^/ buried in the bowels ofbcarts and buds. 7«& faith.thai
the other Pcrfians were wrapped in wax, and fo preferued. The Ofi.iȣ and Aftramp'
fychi are by Suidat reckoned fucccflburs of the Magi. Hierome ' citcth out of Etibulits .
three kindcs ofthe M/tgi : the mott learned ot them lined onely on mcalc and hearbes.
P anfafjias ^ re^oxteth, that in Lydia, in the Cities Hierocefarea, and Hyparpo.hec faw
Tcmpleshauing Perfian furnames, and in cueryofthofeTempJes a Chappcl] and Al-
tar, whereon were Aflies not like in colour to the ordinarie fort. The Miigtis entering
into the roome, laiethdrie wood on the Altar, after that hce hath fet his mitre on his
head, and then at the name of a certaineGod,. fingethbarbaroushymnes (which the
Greckes vnderftand not) out ofthcbooke : which being done, the hcapc is fired, and
the flame brcakes forth. Diogenes Laertms^ iehteth,tr\^tihcfe Magi f^emthc\ti\m^
in the feruice of their Gods, offering vnto them praiers and facrifices, asifnonebiit
they might be heard : they difputed of the fubrtanceand generation of the Gods,


C H A p. 6. ASIA. The fourth Booke. y6p

whom they reckoned to he the Fire, Water, zn^ Earth. They reprchemicd Images

cfpeciallyfuch as made a differing lex of Male, and Female, among the Gods. They

difcourfcd of iuftice. To burne their dead bodies.they held it impious : but to lie with

their ownc mothers, or daughters, they accounted lawful!. They pra!!:>ired diuinati- i

ons, and fore-tellings, affirming that the Gods appeared to them.that the aire was full

offormes*orfhapes, whtthfubcilly andasit wereby euaporation, infufethemfclues * fi/i^MifC\

intotheeies. They forbade outward ornamcnts,and the vfeofGold. Theirgarments

were white, the ground their bed, Hearbes, Cheefc, and Bread, their food . Artfloile

faith, that they held two beginnings, a good fpirit and an euill, calling the one hspiter

inAOromafdei : ihe oihet P/uto a,nd JrimaniHs. (Empedoc/es ^ txiLnihted this plant u Emptdoctei,

into Philofophic, and long after, ^ Manes a Perfian hcretike intodiuinitie.) T'oeo- x A^4«ei father

Mwp/addcchthefe opinions of theirs ; That men fhould againc be refiorcd to life, of^t^-eMam-

and become immortall, and that all things confirtcd by their praiers ; Hecatens, that '"^'**

the Gods were begotten : Clearchns.ihiit the Gymnefefhifta defccnded from the Ma-

gi. Thusfarre'Z)w^<'w/.

Tluta^ch in his Trcatife^f Ojtr. & I fid, citeth, approucth and applicth the opinion p/„, ^, qc.
of the A/^^/ynto many others.which they concciued touching their two beginnings, &ihd.
ArtmantHs and Orima^cts: For whereas they faw iiich a mixture of euill in cuery good,
(which made Salomon to brand them all with the title oivanitie) they gathering that
good could not be cither caufe or effedt of euill, found out this remedie worfe then the
difeafc, to hold two Authors of al' things, calling * a God ; and Arimamus, • or Ormi(d.v
the fountaine of euill, adeuill; the one caufe oflight : the other of darkncfTc. Betwixt or Oromaxdes:
thefetwo they placed Af/r6r« as Mediator or TntcrcefTor. ZoroaJIres v^SiSiuxhoxoi this was the
this opinion. To the firft of thefe was praife and vowes offered : to the later mournc- '*"""^-
full dcuotions. For, rubbing a certainc hearbc called Omomi, they call on Dis Pater
& OrcHS, then they wadi it with the bloud of a flainc Wolfe, and carry it into a fha-
dowie place, where they powre it out. Theyaflignc plants partly to the good, partly
WthcbadGod: as they doc alfoquickc creatures ; the earthly creatures to the good,
the watery to the bad,and therefore eliecme him happie that hath killed moft of ihem.^es, fay they, begotten of pure light, and Arimanius the childc of darkncffe,
warre one againft another. The firfl created fix Gods, Beneuolence^ Truth, PoUtie,
mfdome, T^icheSy Hone^ delight : the later as many contrary. When Orew^^ir/ had
thrice enlarged himfclfe, hee was as farrc beyond the Sunne, as the Sunne is from the
earth, and formed the ttarres : Of which, one hee fixed as a Gardian and watch-man,
the dogge-ftarte : hee tsade other foure and twentieGods, which he clofcd in an
Egge. ^rimmiMs did as much, but his foure and twentie brake their fhell ; and fo
became good things and euill mingled. But a fatall time fhall come,when Arimamtts
the Author of plague and famine fhall perifh, and then flhall be one focietie of all man-
kindcin happinefl'e, vfing but one language. Theopompxs faith, according to their
opinion that one of thefe Gods fhall raigne three thoufand yeeres, the other being
difcomfited ; and other th^ee thoufand they fhall fight and labour to deflroy one ano-
ther : at laft Dis Patfr fhall be deflroied, and men fliallbe hippie '\%\s opinion of the
Migi, the Chaldeans haue applied to their Aflronomie ; in the feuen Planets, making
two good, two bad, three indifferent : The Grecians, toihchlapiter, Dis Pater ©•
Hurmania ; Empedoeles to his Friendflnp and Difcord : Arifietie to his Forma & Priua-
tio : Tj/thagor^ts to his One and Two : Plato to his Idem & Alter urn : tJManes to his de-
uillifh herefie, as before is faid. DioChrjffofiomus telleth ofZoreaJier the author of Ji.Brif.
thisfcience, thatenflamed with the lone of vertuc, he forfooke the world, and went
apart into a mountaine. And afterwards leaning that habitation hefeemed (tothofc
to whom he would fhew himfclfe, which was only to the Magi) to fhine with a fire
which came downe from heauen vpon him. This perhaps was borrowed and peruer-
ted from the fhining face of yW&yf/.

OoIyPerfians, faith »(jy<«»;<jj, were chofen into their number. The name ^<<g^/, is a Gramity Afia.
among Authors appiiedalfo to the Chaldeans, which in Babylon profeffed the fame
Arts and fupcrftitions; thcdifciples (faith ^ L«fM»j aiZoroaftresfii whofe cunning in b Luciani
charmcs you may readc in his Vjcrsmantia^ a pleafant difcourfc : UHtthrobarz^anes a Necrom.



Of the ancient ^I'tgion of the Ter/ians. C n a p. 7.

Chaldean yV/^^^, and Menif^tu, whom he wafheth nine and twenty daics in Ssfphra.
>fs by the Moone, and in the morning fctshimagainft therifingSunne, withlonw
charmes •• after that fpitting three times in his face, hce brings him backe a^^aine, not
once looking alldc. Their meat was Acorncs,theirdrinkeMiikc,Muire, and the water
ofChoafpi, their lodging on the wide field onthegraflc. AUer all this hee brought
him about midnight to Tygris, where wafhing him, hce purifieih him with a Torch,
and thehcatbe/^w////*, and other things, &c. which howlbeiier Luciatt futcthtohjs
Tcofling humour, yet I haue infcrtcd, as fomcwhat exprcfling their fupcrllitions obfer*
ucd in charming and diuiiiations.

c Herodotui

i Tlic attire

of the head,

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 74 of 181)