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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 75 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 75 of 181)
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amwngthe

Pcrflan<.,a>>thc

Tuibantamog

theTuiltes.

e Theogoma,




Chap. VII.

of the religions andoth»r rites of the Perjlans.

Eauing thefe Mtigi,\ei vs take view of the Perfian religious rites whicH
c HerodotM thus defcribeth. The Perfians neither ereft Images, nor
Altars, nor Temples, and impute it to madncfle in fuch as doe ; there-
fore, as 1 thinkc, bccaufe they are not ofthe Greckes opinion.that the
Gods haue arifcn from men. Their cuftome is aicendi ng vp the high-
eft hillcs, toofferfacriiicesto lupiter, callingthe whole circleofhca'
ucn tftpiter. They facnfice to the Sanne, and Moone, and Earth, to the Fire, and Wa<>
ter, and ff/W-/ ; to thc(c onely haue they accuftomcd to facrifice from the beginning.
They {acrificcalfo to 'L'r4«x<«, which they hnue learned of tiic Afryrians,and ArabianSi
The Affyrians call VenHiyAIylitta; the Arabians, yilitta jthePcrlians, Metra.

Thcirritesinfacrific ngare thefe. Being to facrifice, they neither fetvp Altar, not
kindle fire, norvfeveftments, pipes, cakes, or libamsots : but he which inccndcthtp
facrifice, placing the facrifice in a dcancplacc, caljcthvpon that God, wearing theit
Tiara, <1 girded about with myrtle. Thefacrificcrpraiethnotforhimfelfe alone, but
generally for all Perfians,and efpccially for the King. And after that the facrifice is cut
into fmallpeeccs, hceftreweth vndcrthefoddenflcfli, fmallhcarbes, chiefly trifolyj
and fetting ihe flefli in order thereon, the Afagm ftanding by, fingcth « fome hymncj
(ofthe generation ofthe Gods) which ihcy hold to be a niott eftcihiall inchantmenti
Without one of their M,igi no facrifice is accounted lawfull. After all this,thc facrifi*
cervfeththcAcftiathispleafurc,

Of all daies cuery man accounteth his owne birth-day to bee mofl folemnly obfer-
ued rand then makethgreateftchcere. The richerfort then fet whole P>eeues,Camelsj
Horfes, Aflcs, baked in an ouen or fornacc, on the Table : the poorer, fmaller beaili.
The Perfians are fmall caters ; but in their drinking confult of the weightieft affaires.
Of which they deliberate fafling, but pronounce fcntencc after they are well in
drinke. To vomit or make warer openly, is vnlavvfull tothem, Thofe that are equal!,
falutc when they meet each other with a mutuall kiffc ; which is faflcncd en th?
checke onely, if they be of vncquall degree. They hold thcmfelues the bcft of all
men, their neighbours lb much better, how much neerer them they dwell. The/
arc much addidtcd to Veneric with both fexes. Next vnto Martiall valour, they re-
pute excellent the procreation of many Children ; the King allowing annuall pre-
fcntstohim who hath begotten mort Children, and therefore they vfe many wo-
men. The childe commeth not in his fathers (ighc till he be fine yccres old, but liucth
with the women, that if hec die before, his father fliould thence concciue no gricfc.
From that time till hce bee twentie, heelearnech three things, to ride, tofhoote, to
fpcake truth. Forf» /'> is with them the moft fliamefull thing ; the fecond, to bee m
tiebt. For one fault onely no fnan ought to be puniflicd. VVhatfocucr is not meet to
be done, ought notto befpoken. A Leprous pcrfon. it he be a Citizen, may not en-
ter into the Citic, nor haue any focicticvyithmcn : for this difeafe is lent (lay they)
for fome offence againft the Stmne : if heebcea forrenner, they banifli him out of
their Region, and for the fame caufecarric into that Region white Pigeons. In a Ri-

ucr



C H A p. 7' ASIA.. The fourth Booke*



171



a Llbr.ii.

bThefe Ceroph
ui with Dutch
Etymologies,
and interpie-
tationsbring-
ethfiomthc
Ciininerians
and Saxons.
ScehisSi2.vo»J.
ca. pcg6o6 .



A Cie.de Leg.



uer they neither fpir, nor make water, nor wa(Ti, but haue them in very religious vene-
ration. They mightnot caft any carkafTc orpollution therein. Thcfethings, faith //»»-
redottu,\ can affirme ot the Pcrfians out of mine owne knowledge: that which follow-
eth I doe notfo well know ; that ihcy burie not their dead bodies before they be tonic
of fome fowlc, or dog : but I well know thac their Magi do wrap them vp in wax.and
then burie them. Thefe {Jltagi differ both from other men, and from the Egyptian
Pricfts in this, i hat thefe pollute thcmfelucs with the death of nothing but their facri-
fices, but the Magt with their owne hands kll! any thing; except a man and a dog:yea,
they erteemeit fome great exploit, if they haue killed very many Ants or Serpents.or
other things which creepeorflie. Thus farrc Heradottu. Strabo a nzmzrhtAfiaitM,
Amnntu, and Anand.itm, Gods of the Pcrfians : When the Pcrtian Emperours had o-
ucrthrownethc ^ SaCiCy they encompafled with a wall a ccrtainc rockcfituace in a
field, and ere6ling a Temple of the forefaid Gods, there inftitutedyearely folemnities,
named 5<rc^,which of the inhabitants ofZela arc yet cc!cbrated(fo they cal the place.)
That towne in great part belongs to them which are called Sucredfertiants, to which
fomffj added a great Countrey. Some report thac Cyr^s^^hauing ouercome the Saca,
attributing this vidorie to diuine power, confecratcd that day to his Countrey-God-
defle, naming it Sacaa, and wherefoeuer the Temple of that Goddeflc is,there alfo are
celebrated thofeSacaranfeaftSjin manner of the Bacchanals, day and night, the men
and women diinking themfelucs drunken. Strabo in the end of the fame cleucnth
bookc mentioneth their Temples, and amongft others the Temples of Tanais, which
before in HnodotHs is denied to be the vfe of the Pcrfians : c ^/«roblamcth the Ma-
f/, forprocuring Xerxes to burnc all the Temples of Greece, becaufe they included
their Gods in walks, and to whomthe whole world was a Temple and houfe*. Their
deuotion to the Sun and Moone, made them fpare Deliu facred to JpoRo or the Sun,
and the Temple oi Diana or the Moone at Ephefus, as an Interpreter of tyinjiophanes
hathgloffed. Some hold that JfiJ'-.vw burnt the Grecian Temples forreuengeof the
burning of Sardis, and the Temple of Cybele by the Athenians, and not for hatred of
all Temples. The Greekcs would not permit the Temples fo burned to be re-cdified,
that thofc ruinous places might be places of argument to reuenge to all pofteritie. The
lonians, as Ifocrates teftifieth, curled them which fhould 'epaire them. <J Strabo thus
reporteth of the Pcrfians : They haue neither Images nor Altars.- they facrificein an
high place, they thmke hcauen to be lapiter : they worfhip the Sunne, whom they call
.Mt'/j/'d, the Moone alfo and '(yww,andtheFire,and the Earth, and the WindcSjand
the water.-thcy facrifice in a clcane place, and prcfent their facrificc crowned:and when
ii\!az Magus, ruler of this bufines, hath diuided the flefh in peeces to cuery one, they
go their wayes, leauing no part thereof to the Gods, who (fay they) are fatisfied with
the foule of their facrifice. Some, as it is reported,iay a part of the Numbles on the fire.
They facrifice efpecially to the F/><r,3nd to the fVater, laying on the fire drie ftickcs,[hc
barkes pulled off, and laying thereon fat Tallow, and powring on the famc,Oylc,they
kindle the fame, notblowingwith thcirbreath, but fanning, or otherwife enforcing
the winde thereto. If any blowech the fire, or ca(t any dead thing or durt thcrein,he !s
punifbed with death. They perfornie the\r fyater.ceremomes in ths fort : Comming to
aLake,orRiuer,orfountaine,'hcy make a ditch, and there flay a facrifice, with great
heed that none of the next water be touched with the bloud : after, laying the flefii on
Myrtle and Lawrell, the /tZ-^^j^^/burncthefame with fmall twigs, and making ccrtainc
prayers, fprinkle oylc mixi.*d with mi Ike and hony, not in the fire or water, but on the
earth. They are a long while muttering their praycrs.holding a bundle of fmall Tame-
riske-twigs.That which in one place Strabo faith they worfhipped Mars only, is a fault
ofthc negligent writers, as « C^tpw^oK hath obfcrucd in his Notes, f Julius Ftrmieiuin
hi^Treatife of the myftcries and errors of prophane religions to CoKJlantiue and Con.
J?4«/ Emperours, fpcaketh of; he AflyriansandPerfians:thatthe Affyriansafcribedthe
principahty of the elements to the aire,the Image whereof they worfhipped, ftilingit
with the name of /;/»a, ot Fe'itis the Firgm , whom the Quires of their Priefts wor-
fhipped with effeminat voices &^',cftures, their skin pohflied, and attirefafliioned like
Women. Yea their Priefls became impure (janytuedes, and (uflained the Sodomicicall
lulls of others in the Temples,not (hamingjbut glorying of fuch dcuotions, & compo-

K k fing



c SrabM.l^t



e If. Caf.Anmt,
inStrjb.i^.
i fnl.¥ir.(t^.



?7*



Of the ancient ^ligton of the Ter/iaus. C H a p. 7;



StrabelibAf,



fing themfelues to all delicate, lafciuious.filthy behauiour rand thus wantonly dreffed,
with much minikelfiecal vpon their Goddeflc to infulc into them a diuiuing and pro.
phecicali fpirit. Eafily may that lr»purejpirit findc acceflc and intertainmcnt in fuch im.
pure bodies. But the Perfians and all the Afa^i prefer the Fire.Thcfe diuide Infttcr into
two powers,metamorphofing his nature into both fexes. They make the woman with
a three-formed countenance, wound about with monftrous Serpents ( fit enfignes for
the Diucls worfhip) : and worfliip a man which had driuen away kinc.applying his ho-
lies to the power of the Fire; him they call'/^/t/jr>?,whofeblindedcuotions were done
in places anfwcrable, namely in hidden caues.

In Car padocia,whcre is very great ftote of the Magi,w\\\c\\ (ofthe Fire) are called
Tjretht,2iV\d many Temples ot the Perfian gotls,they flay not the facrihce with a knife,
but a club or mallet, wherewith they beat it. The /^^rir/^«^ are great inclofed places,
in the midft whereof there IS an Altar: Thereon the Af^f^/keep much allies, and a fire
continually burning, whither they eueryday refort, and make their prayers about 9a
hourcs fpace.holding a bundle oftwigges before the fire, hauing their heads coucred
with a kind of labelled Mitrc,^anging downc on both fides,that the firings couer their
lips. Thefe things are done in the Temples of Anattis and Amanm, For there are their
Tcmple«,and there the Image of Amanns is caried in proceflion.Thcfe things we haue
leene. It leemcth, that whereas Herodotus reportcth they had no temples, Altars, nor
Images •.zuAStrabo fo often iT)entioncththeirTemples,andheere the Altar and Image
of Amaims; that in Herodotus A wsinty\\zd none: which grew afterwards in vre,as a
forren rite brought in among the Perlians after the Macedonians had conquered them;
or elfe that there were differing Sefts among their v^-*^', fome(asihefeiu Cappado-
cia) embracing Altars Tmages, and Temples^ fome refufingfome or all of thele. For
otherwifc ^rr^j^o difagreeth not only from Herodotus, but from bimfcife,before deny-,
ing them the vfe of Altars and Images,and hecre affirming it ofthe Cappadocian Mam
gi(\a other things) ofthe Perfian Religion.Perhaps the burning ofthe Grecian Tem-
ples purchafed to them that conceit with the vu!gar:wc know they honotcd the Tcnl-
ple and Altar at Icrufalcm. And lefle matters fet on the Friers lafts, make feely Papifts
beleeuenow, thatProtcfiantsbaueno Churches nor Religion, nor fcarfely the fhape
of men. Hefychitu faith that Jl^ithr/u or the Sunne was the chicfc god with the Perli-
ans : and therefore the moft religious and inuiolable oath ofthe King was "ByMithrtt
IttliHs FirmtcM =» teftifieth (as before is faid) that the Perfians prefer the Fire before alt
the other Elements, and that they call the fame Mithra. (The reafon is, becaufe they
held, as in the beginning of this worke we noted out of ZoroaBer, that the Sunne and
all the Stars are ccleftiall fires.) They performed their deuotions to the fame in darke
caues.where they could not fee the brightnesofthat I'ght-This Hierome calls Mithrat
denrand Tertnllian affirmcth that t^Mtthroi Knights or Souldicrs were initiated in the
fame.To whatfoeucr god they facrificed.they fii ft called vpon the Fire, and poured out
their prayers therto.To this Fire they dedicated certaine Chappels or Oratories.whct-
intokcepeitalwayburningjihefe were called Pyreia:oiw\\\c\\ Claudtan, penetraLbm
Ignem S<!icratumr»pt4ere ^dj/t is. They {uppoCed that it camedowne t'lomheauen.They
\Arorfhipped al TTvpoiJcfH.whatfocucr ^ had any refemblace of firc^as the Carbuncle ftonc.
They obferued differing ceremonies in their Fire and Water-dcuotions. To the Fire
« they vfed thefe fet words when they added fewcll thereto, LerdF>re,eat. They offe-
red wine in a cup, which they called Cofid^. The coftly facrifices of their Kings we hauc
alrcadie mentioned. Plutarch •^ tells that y^r/AvfrArw married his owne daughter «/^-
toffa,(^Heraclides aAdtt\\\\\s other daughter Amtflni). Kmivihcn Atojfavm leprous,
his lone notwithflanding continued, and hcc befought /»»<jtorher, touching the
ground with his hands,rcplenifhing the way bctwcene the Temple and Pa]l3ce(which
was (ixteene furlongs) with offerings of gold, filuer, purple, horfcs. ,

We may further addc (from ^rrfwj^i^ « hisCollei^lionsout otdiuers Authors, and
from others, concerning the Perlian Religion) that they fometime obferued the CxX'
c'iinDck'KS,caU\t)glHpiter,Bel;Hercu/es,Sa»des', yenm, ^neiitis. To lupiterviit
facred a Ch jriot with a Beamc of gold. The Sunne they worfhipped ( by the name of
fjMtthra,inAEIdt^m)3.r.S\M-\nc~x\{wo: and adored alfo the painted Imagethereof,
They accounted the Horfc the Suuncs peculiar beaii, and offered vnto him white hor-

fe».



• ;«/. Tirm. de
errere prm-el.
tag. 5.



b Eujlath.in
Vionyj'

c .Mix.Tyr.
fcr.iS.

d Plutarck.in
/irlax.



e Gram. Af.
^erjka.



Chap.7' ASIA. ThefotirthBooke, jfj

fes.Guer '' 'Darmh'is Tabernacle,the Image of the Sunne, enclofcd in Criftall, fhone j^ ^ (-^^g f,
fortb fo that it might be fccnc of all. The order alfo oiDariHs his march,when he war- "^
red againft Alexa»der,\\zd in the firft place their Fire, which they called Sacrednni. E-
rr-»<e//,catied on filucrAltars.Ncxt hereunto the -^o:^/,finging their country-Hymnes,
followed by 365. yong men, (fo many as their yeare had daics) clothed in bright red.
then came /«p»«r/Chariot,dravvnc by white horfes: after whom followed a horfe of
exceeding greatnes,confccrated to the Sun. Their riders had white garmcntSjand gol-
den rodsLikcwife.both fides of the Kings Chariot were adorned with Images of gold
and (iluer:two being moft eminent among them;the one, ofP<rrfw,the other.of Ar/irr^.
Thatfouldier.which was initiated in Mtthrdes hallowed orders , was firft proued
by 80. fcuerall kinds of punifliment :and if he continued ftedfaft, he was wafhcd.put-




of was that of J//:/E»r^.Another holy day they called the DeflrnUion ' tfvices^m which e 'Atbniim
the Mdgi killed venemous things.and offered; and the feruants lorded it fiuc dales to- W.ia.
gether,ruling both the family and their mafters. MagofhonU they celebrated in me-
mory of the Mt£i([imeby DartM Htftafpu, and his Colleagues. Of their holy-day
S4C4 before is fpokcn:in which (fome report,that)the feruants changed offices & gar-
ments with the mafter$.^/»«/<w Felsx f obiefteth againft them their inceftueus copu- f Afm.Fa/. 0.
lation with their Mothers.y4r«o^/«« dcridcth their worftiipping of Riucrs.ThcChrifti- ^"■^rneb. cm
an Fathers and Heathen Authors are plentifuU in the narration of the Perfian vanities. <'''«•''«'•*• ^
Bifebm s citeth a faying of Bardefat/ts Cyr$u ; Among the Perfians there was a law to g EiiftiJe prit
marrie their fiftcrs,daughters,and mothers : which cufiome the Perfians obferucd alfo for.lib.i.t.*.
in other Countries, and therefore other Nations hating them, called them Magnffki ;
ofwhicharemanyinEgypt,Phrygia, and Galatia, whofe poftetity fucceedcth them
in the fame wickedneffc. This name MKgufai is deriued of ^*gf.

But of all other things this was moft commendable & admirable which the Perfian*
ebfcrucd for learning and prafiife of vertue, if we may giue like credit to ^ XenofhoM hXennphns.
here in,as' others haucdone.They had a kindeofpublikeSchoole,called the Fr«*r//- f""*^^''**'' .
biraR Market, notfot the fale ofmcrchandize(which kindc of markets the ancient Per- '^XJ'I'er'&e,
fians'' wanted)but the learning ofingenuou$,liberal,& vertuous conditions.This was ^ HtniM,^.
diuided into fourc parts.one for children till i y.yeares of age.the fccond for youthcs to
ay. the third for men till fifty,the fourth for old men.In this liberal Market or Colled ge
was a Pallace,& ludgment-place.Early in the mornin g the children refort hither: here
alfo were the ftriplings,and the riper-aged men,daily :thc old men often.The ftriplings
horded and lodged there (except they were married) and prefented themfelues to the
Magiftrates in armor.Each Court had 1 2. Prefe(fts,accotding to the niiber of the Per-
fian Tribes. To the children are old grauc men appointed, like wife to the youthes roca
ofriperagc.as mafters of manners. The children come not in the fathrrs light till fiue
yeares of age,or as Valerius Maxtrnm ' hath^till feuen,and efp ccially learne truth:th£y 1 yaLMax.ii.
were here taught by thefc Prefers the rules of Iuftice,not by bare rules, but by exam- m; «.
pies (for which caufe alfo, JugHflm ■" would haue the Senators children prefent in the m Suem-Au^.:
Court). Yea a good part of the day was to this end fpent by thofe Prefects, in hearing w/i.jfi.
and decidingfuch cafes as fel out amongft thefe their fchollers,about thefts.reprochcs,
or other wrongs. Next to Truth and Iuftice,they learned Sobriety, Abftinence, Conti-
nence,&Tcmperance,whcreinthey were well furthcredby the examples of their Ma-
fters: neither might they " eat but in their prefence and with their leauc,and that not of n cicTufl.
the choifcftfare,but bread and crcfles,whereto they added drinke from the nextriuer. g««S./'*.J-
They planted in them a hatred ofvices.cfpccially of lying,and in the next place of debt,
which cannot but be attended with much difquiet ; and therefore wifely did jiugHftut
command to buy him the pillow of a Roman Gentleman,that died incredibly indeb-
tcd,a$ if there had therein refted fome flecping power, whereon one fo much indebted
couldtakeanyreft.Ingratitudewasas little graicfull as the former, andby the Perfian
lawcs,ingratcfullperfonswerefubic£tto accufationandpunifhment.asnoi Xe/iofheu o AttMantL



on\y hut" MarcelluiHS alfo hath marked,howfoeuer Sttiecd p findes fuch a law only a- ''^-iJ-

'- : borrowed.Thcy hated fuch as for- P/f^/f^*-



KOi



ngft the MaccdonianSjWbich perhaps was hence borrowed.They hated fuch as for- P^ J"|



974



Of the ancient ^ligion of the ^erfians. C h a p. 7.



o AMMtr,
lib A}.



i Ambraf.de
Herui.caf.1%.



^ lufmSib.y.



tjlers.t.



r Vidlifuf.
ObfJib.ii.



iDoxat, inTe-

rent, Eumah.

t Petren.Arb.

Satyr.

H. Senec. Con-

troti.^ lib.XQ,

* Euflath.'m



fooke their friends and country-men in need. Their awfiillrefped to their parents was
fuch, that they might not fit in the mothers prefencc without her leauc : the father had
tyrannicall power ou€t his children, for life and death. That which was vntothem
vnlawfull in deed, was not permitted in obfcene and filthy words to be fpoken. Thus
were theNoblc-mens children brought vp ncerc the Pallace gates : and in the Prouin-
ces ncere the gates of the Deputies or Gouernours.

For bodily exercife, they learned to flioot, to caft darts, to ride and manage vnruly
horfeS,& to fight on horfe-back. And this was their education till 1 7. ycarcs of age : at
which time they were of the fecond ranke of Springals & youths,& for ten yeares after
did not rcpaire home at nights,but lay & abode in this Court or Collcdgc. When the
King went onhunting,halfe ofthem attended him in armour.Their diet was the fame,
but fomewhat Iarger,as is before related ofthe childrcnrand in hunting,if it continued
two daiesjhad but one daies alio wance.They vfed to runne long races.of ^ o.or ^o.fur-
longs;they cxercifed the flmg,Icaping,& wreftling.the King propounding rewards to
the Vi6tor.The help of thcfe were vfcd by the Magiftratcs againft robbers,murtherers,
and the like wicked perfonsrasalfo of the Af eH,whic\\ was the third order,the Semina-
ry ofMagiftratcs,and the fouldiery ofthe Perfians,till they were jo.ycars old or feme-
what more,at which age they were freed frommufters& forrcn employments, but at
home were employed in publike & priuat iudgements. None might attaine this honor
in Age,but by thofe degrees before cxprefled : nor might any haue that education but
the children ofthe rich, which were able to beare the charge.It was vnlawfull amongft
the Pfrfians " to laugh in loud manner openly , or openly or by the way to doc the caf-
nicnts of nature by feege,vrine,or vomit: or to make water ftanding.

But this ancient Pcrlian difciplinc and fobrietic,with wealth andloofcncs were af-
terwards corruptcd,efpecially in drinking;to reprcffe which,the Kings made an order,
£Ji. I . that none fliould be compelled to forget their health, in remembring of healths.
or other Bacchanal deuifcs,wherof would God we had lefTc caufc to copIaine.The vfe
of Harlots P were alfo added to their drinkings, which when theKEmbafladours/cnt
to ^myntat Kingof Macedon, to demand £4rf^<»«^»'<i;fr(which was thcperfia»
cuflome when they exafted full fubicdion and poflcflion) extended to Matrons, A'
lexander his fonnc 1 fcnt yong men armed in womcs habit amongrt them,whii h quen^
chcd thefe hot flames ofluft with their bloud. Hence haply it was, that AifntrHf would
needs make fliew oiya/htithe Qucene in his magnificent fcafl:, which occafioned hec
depriuation and EHers fucceflion.Amidft their cups they confulted ofwar and v.aigh*
tie affaires ; but decreed not till afterwards. The Pcrfians v fed bankettin gs vnder Ar-
ras hangings, before ihc time oijittalut, from whom the Romans firft borrowed the
vfe of them,ot bis auU or hall hanged thcrwith, calling them nulaa.^MX. the walls ofthe
richer Pcrfians were hanged withthem,thc flores fpreadwith coftly carpctSjtheircub-
bords furniflied with rich plate, their bodies ftining with curious & coftlv ointments,
their kitchins rtored with garlikc,as a prefcruatiue againO Serpents & vcncmous crea-
turcs.thcir chambers fwarming with Concubines,yea mothers, daughters, and fiftcrs,
wedded and bedded with thcm.their fecond feruices called in Scripture The b^r.ket of
wwif.when after thebelly ful farced with mcats,with which they drank water.theyhad
other tables fct with wine,on which they gaue a new onfet,as a frcfh encmy:thefe and
the like exceflcs wold glut ourReader.To bring him to their mourning f rites in which
they fhaucd thcmfelues, their horfe»,& mulcs;thcir fackclothj& not entring the court:
their couering the face of fuch as incurred the Kings anger, as wee reade of H^imait:
their executions, with flaying,cruGifying,burning,burying aliue,floning,cuttJng afuii-
der,&c. This pertaineth to their religion, their diuination by lots, as before H<!»»»<r«
they,perhaps the Magi,caji Phnr, that is,aUtfrem daj to day, ^ from monthto mo>tth,tO
fee which would be the moft lucky and fatall time for his mi.'chieuous plot againft the
lewes.Their mariages they celebrated in the Spring:& on their mariage day the huf-
banxls eat nothing but an applc,or the marrow ofa Camcl.The Pcrfians are accounted
authors of making ^ Eunuchcs,wbich f Pctronitu tArhiter & M. Seneca impute tothe
curiofity of their luft.which might thus be longer ferucd ofthem. They vfedjn faluta^?
tion to vncouer ' or put off the Tiara.Hcre I might lade you with the Pcrlian wardrob,
the length and variety of their gannentsj& I iright tell you of their cariugs and ic wels,

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C H A p»8. ASIA. The fourth 'Booke'.



375



pairititT's of their faces.Iong hairc : oftheir kiffing falutatioiw if they were equall , and
of the knee of the fuperiour by the inferiour.and adoration of the chiefe.- of their wo-
mens womanly deteftation in the eagcreft degree of hatred and indignation , the fin-
eetingofwooll: oftheir inhumane cmeltie to the kindred of thofe which had com- c«w.ft5.j.
fitted fomegrieuouscrimCjtopunifh all for the offence of one. The Perfians made
banquets to their Gods, and gaue them the firft fruits thereof. But it is timctoleaue
thcirGods and them; and let me obtaine pardon,that this great Monarchic, fometime
ftietching from India to Ethiopia in twelue Prouinces.hath ftretchcd fo far,and com-
niandcd me fo long attendance in this Difcourfci Let me now looke vpon the Mahu-
inetan face thereof.



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 75 of 181)