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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 76 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 76 of 181)
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C H A r. VIII.

Ofthedtent'msofthsStateandReligenmPerfia^vnder

the Saracens.
'He Saracens (as is already fliewed) a people bred, as it were, of putrifa-
aion in that corrupt eftatcof the worldjdifpoffefled of his fiate & life
Omif/a^w the laftPcrfian King. Their RcHgion had fuftained fmall al-
teration in P.cr/ia before this time, for ought I finde , fauing what the
Chriftian had in thefe partes preuailed, ( which bcl6ngeth to another
taske.) Butfrom that time that the Saracens were Conquerours, the
foules of the Perfians haue no lefie beene fubiea to thofe foolifli Mahumetan fuperfti-
tions.then their bodies to.cruelinaiierie:ye3,the=' name of Pcrfian was drowned in
the title of i'..r<?ff«/. Hcwi^r was then Caliph, But when le^td the fonne oi MuAui
was Prieft and King (fuchareiihe Caliphs) of the Saracensiyl/wMr, the Deputie or Go-
iiernour of Perfia, proclaymedhimfelfe a Prophet , and feized on the State : from him
thcPerfianSophidcriuethhisoriginall. When U^jU was dead , the Inhabitants of
Cufa in Arabia prodaymed Hocem the fonnc of Ah Caliph : but AhMam the fonnc
of /f«,(Wintrapped and flew him ; and at his Sepulchre was after crefted the Citic Car-
baU. This Bocem had t\\'elue fonnes, Zemal, Ahtiitn, Zeind Mmmed. , Banner Mu-
medfitafar Cadene£,Ciafar Mufa, CazmMufa , HaUMacerat , Alle Mummed Ta-
cHm!MiMmedHaln)iigmn,Alle Hacem ty4fcjuerm,Hiiicem Muamed CUahadin : This
laft I' thePerfians fay that he is not yet dead, butthat he fliall come fitting on a Herfe,
to preach their Law to all Nations: beginning in Mafladalle where Ah his grandfa-
ther lieth buried. And therefore they haue there alway a Horfe prepared ready, which
in time of Diuine Seruicc.on a certaine feftiuall day , they bring with Lights burning
to the Temple,in which Ah is buried, praying him to fend his nephew quickly. That
day is folemnely celcbrated.with fo great concourfc ofpeople,as aPortugall there pre-
fent,faid,hc had neuer feenc the like. The other elcuen brethren were buried in diuers
places. To returne to MHtar-, AbdimeUc one of the following Calipha's, fent Ciafa- a-
oain(Uiim,by whole Guerthrow that new Prophet wan new and greater efiim.ition
tiienbcfore. But another Tyrant Ahdala Z«^«>,arifing amongft the Saracens, font his
brother Mufttb againft Mntar, viho flew LMutar, and was foone after flaine himfclfc
oi AbdtmeUc,vi\iorcco\itKA againethat Preuinceof Petfia. AbdtmeUc being dead,
in the yeare feuen hundred and two and twentie,G<?;.«^his fonne <= fuccecdcd,and ano-
ther G'«.»<^vfurped the Scepter in Perfia,but was oucrthrownc by Mafabtter the Cap-
taine o{ AbSme lees {onnc.

In the reignc of -(^»^r»<?»,^y5w«/(» tookc on him the proteftion of Mutars Se£t, af-
firming a/^/« to be greater then j^^/)«»(ff: he was Prince of the Corafens in Perfia,
and by one Catabanm his counfaile incited tfte fcruants, by force or treachcrie, to kill
theirMafters :and thefe being growne great by their Mafters wealth,wcre diuided in-
to two fadlions, the Catfini, and the Lamonites. ty^fmnhn Captaine of the Lamtnites
dcftroyedthe Catjm: and with his Lamo»ites ,in(i Catabanm inuaded Perfia , and
were there cncountred by Iblmus the Lieutenant, with an Armie of an hundred
thoufandmen;buttheZ<?/»i7»«>«,by the incouragemcnt of -^/zw^^'" and Catabanw^

Kk 3 (whom



a curio Sara.
hift,lib.\.Blott'
dm faichjthac
Mahumeiviis
prefent atcbeic
firft conqucft,
and that by his
command they
relinquiflied
their name, &
accepted the
Saracen.^e^.r*
/.J. So alfoaf-
firmethZ-opff
Obrcgon in con»
fut.ofthe A'.-
caron./o/.44,
b Barr.Aj.dec,
zM.io.c.6%



c Curie Sitae,
htptb.z.



■ : — \-

7y6 Of the alterations ofStMemd^eligionsm ^erfia^((sc* Chaf^S



(whom they reckoned holy men) difcomfited him and his; and after encountred
Marttan himfelfc withjhrce hundred thoufand men, and made him to flee with foure
thoufand into Egypt, where Salm the Ibnne of Afmulm oucrthrew him. Thus the'
Maruanian race being expelled (the reUques whereof fctled themfeiues in Fcffe and
Spaine) ex^yw»/»« , from whom the family of the Sophidcfcendcth, with Catabam
reigned oucr the Saracens. . ",

By this which hath been faid,appeareth a continuall difference betwixt the Perfians
and other Saracens about their Religion ;eyther (as fomeaffirme) for that thePerfi.
ans preferred ^/noyl/<«/)w»<?^ or for that (which is more likely) they accounted AH,
and not any of the other three (Euhocarfifmen, or Homar) to be the true fuccefforof
Mahumet. The Sultans or Deputies of Pcrfia, which gouerned there vnder the Ca.
liph,vfed that their Schifmaticallfancie, as they fawe occafion, to their owne ambiti-
ous dcfiones, vnder colour of Religion. ATDODgthe red Muawet or CM.'-humet is fa-
mous, who being hardly befct for the like caufe by his Maftcr , the Caliph of Bagadet,

e Ub.i.ci.^. required ayde (as before is more largely fhewed)e of thcTurkifli Nation then wan-
diing in part of Armenia, called of them Turcomama, who fent him for his fuccour
three thoufand Turks vnder the leading oiTartgroltpix^iy whofe help 'Ptfafim theCj-
lifa was ouerthrownc.And after this he obtained boththe Sultanfhip of Perfia.in the

f KnoIIes. yeare ofour Lord.io^o.andalfoflewf Pi/^^/Jrw, andenioyed thatfoueraigntic:ftom
thenceforth the Califa's of Bagadet being ftripped of their temporalis , but retayning
ftill the places of Patriarchs of their Religion (as fome relate) eucn to this day. But by
the relations of5<'K/<i»»«»7'W<</fw/u,and others, it appcareth that the Caliphasot Bag.
dec recoucred their (late till the Tartar difpofleffcd both the Turkc and them , as wee
haiic alreadie fhewed out oiZachnthijin our Hiftoric of the Saracens.TheTurkes thus
pofleffing thePerlian royaltie , and poffefled of the Perlian fuperftitions, there reig-
red one hundred and (cuentie yeares.the Tartars then chafing them out of Persia. Tor

g uaithon de after § that Changi^ Can had founded that Empire, Hocotn , or Occoda Can his fucaf.

Tarur. four,fent out his fonncs diuers waycs with diuers Armies , with intent to fubdue the

world: lochi conquered Turqueftan and Perfia : and not long after LMango Can fent
Haolon his brother, who continued and profcruted the Tartarian Conquelts beyond
PhifonorTygris, fubduing the whole Kingdome of the Perfians , taking Baldach,
•with the great Chalifa, whom hee flarued amiddefi his Trcafure ; beleagrcd a Caflle
of the AfTalTini , with a fiege of feucn and twcntie yeares ; and th n taking the fame
by compofition of the defendants , onely for want of clothing : he wanne ty^leppr^ini
the Kingdome of Syria, with Damafcus the head Citie thereof: and had intended alio
theCoiiqueftoftheHoly Land from the Saracens, if hec had liued; for this fiWo^and
Mango the gf eat Can were both Chriftians by pcrlwafion of Aithon the Armenian

King.

About this time in the North- Eafl parts of Perfia (which of this new hcrefie they
called KMulehet) there was an oldc man, named Aloadm, a Mahumetan ( as all thofe
h AhadlnsVi- partes then were) which had indofed a goodly •> valley , fituatc betwcene two hills,
radife. j^d flirnifhed it with all varietie.which Nature and Art could yeeld,as fruits, pidlures,

rills ofmilkc;V/inc,honcy,water,pallaces, and beautifull damofells richly attired, and
called it ?<!>-<«^t/<>;to whichwasnopafTagCjbut byanimpregnab'c Caftlc. And day-
He preaching the pleafurcs of this P4r<j^»/^ to the youths which he kept in his Court,
ibmtimes he would minifter a fleepie drinke to fome of thcm,and then conueigh them
thither ; where bein g entertained with thefe pleafurcs foure or fiuc dayej , they fuppo-
i AiightFM/«J fed ' thf mfelues rapt into P<*/'Wt/f. And then being againe caft into a trauncebythe
Taradife. ^^^^ drink,he caufcd thcrntobe carried forth; and then would examine them of what

they had feenc, and by this delufion would make themrcfolutc for any entcrprife,
whichhe (hould appoint thcra; as to murtherany Prince, his enemy. For they feared
k M?iul.& "ot death, in hope of their Mahumeticall Paradifc. But this ^ Haolon or Vlan, after
odor. three yeares fiegCjdeflroyedhirn .and this his FWf J- P/jr/j^/z/f. Some tell' this of y4-

1 cartwight. ladenles in the time oiZeltm the firft. Abag* fuccccdcd him in the gouernment of thefe
partcs,y4«w i 264.butnotin theChriftianrchgion:74«^(p<{o;-thenext,bccamcaSara»
ccn, and called himfelfc CUthemet. and at Tauris and other places deftroyed the

Churches



Ch A p,8. ASIA. The fourth 'Booke'.



377



n f higgle Ji

mercanteapHd



Churches of the Chriftians,as Haolon had done of the Saracens ; he banifhed the Chri*
ftians,andpcruertcd as many Tartars as he could to Mahumctifme. But Argoniathc
foane o(Ahaga rebellcd.and taking him.cut him afundcrin the middle, fuccecding in
his place, Anm 1185. After him Regayto , whom the Tartars flcw,placing in his ftead
^4¥i^o a Chriftian, who forbad the preaching of Mahumctifme among the Tartars,
and rccdificd the Churches ofthcChriflians: Ciffm fuccecded in his Dominion and
pcuotion : and after his death Carbaganda, who in his childehood hadbecnebapti-
zcd,and named ^<i:/)(j/<tJ, but when his Chriftian mother was dead, hce became ^S^?

lacen.

ThusfarreoutofW<2/f/7(7«w; In which Hiftory appeareth the viciflitudc of diucrs
Religions, fometimeTartarian,fometimeChriftian,fometimcMahumetan, as in the
Princes who goucrncd thcfcCountries vnder the great Cham or Can of the Tartars : fo
alfo no doubt ina great part of the countries themfclues.which vfually are of the kings
religion. This C*?r^^^<i»<^^,reigning about 1 30 y.is the laft Tartar Prince which ruled
in thefc parts; for as their rcligion.fo alfo their Empire failed; the Egyptian Soldans
preuayling in Syria ; the OttomanTuxkcs^m Afia j and Gempfas^n Pcrlia. This Gcmpfas
■was SoldanoftheParthians rand about the yeare 1350. leitored that Perlian King-
dome to the Parthians. From him defcended the'" Perfisn Kings to yW*«/rffHc/jr«,who „! PtiiceruiL
being taken away by fraude,^i<«Ci?j[p?»fucceeded. Yet was not the Perfian ftate fo 4.6- j.
fetled in Gfwjpp his pofteritie,but that great T^jwfr/^jwefubducd the fame vnto him-
fclfCjWhich his fonne after loflagainc.

• yjmcaQ'an (called alfo Ajfymbetm) dcpriucd the Sultan of Partbia and Perfia of his
life and kingdome : his name is by fome Malaonchres ; by ot\\cis,Demir : but Ambrojio
^etttarirtp ^znd lofapha Barbar-o(vih\ch both were in Perfia with ffuncajfan)c3\\ him Jatt^
fa.lntheyeirei^y^.dkdpj'fincaJfaK; and his fonne 7^ctf^ fuccecded, whofewife.bca-
f ing difhoncft affedion to one of the Court,fought by the murther of her husband to
aduance this Courtier to her husbands bed and Empire. And"hauing conueyedvc-
nime into a golden Ciip,prefents her husband the fame to drinke, who fomewhatfu-
fpefling her,caufed her to begin ; himfelfe and his fonne following her both in drink- Ramli
ing and dying. And thus was Perfia>bythewickedneffeofonewoman,madethcfiage
of ciuill warres, whiles the chiefe Nobles fought each to poflcffe himfelfe of the ftate,
whiih at laft,after fine or fixe yeares warre,befell to Alurmt or Eluan-beg, then being
butfonrieeneyearesolde.whowasflaincbyT/Jw^zf/inthc yeare 1499.

This lart yeare \6i 3, was printed at Paris, a large French volume of the Efiates.Ent'
^irts iind Pnncipaltties rftheiVjrld,\nvi\\\<:\\'\ii\-\ abridgement of the Hiftorie of the
kings of Perfia,written by Tar tk^ Mir kond i Vetfiin , and tranflatcd by aPortugall,
from Cyriu to our times : wherein he relateth of the auncient Perfian DynaHies,fome- 7-^^;]^ Mir^end.
what othcrwife then the Grcekes and Latines : to which zftci J zdcgird, whom he cal- chron.
leth2^.c^Gcri5/,heannexeth the fucceflionofthe Califs which ruled Perfia, in this or-
der. Abubakar^Homarfifman or Otman,Morts Alj, Acen.zfter whom the fami ly which
. he tcrmeth5f»H«w«)'rf,of which \\,'cte {uccefCiuely ,A^awya,Te:i.id,Afawja z.Aiarwan,
t/ibdelMale\_, Oehd,Solejman,Hamar , Yez^id 2 . Ochon, Oeleyd 2. Tex^id 3 . Ebrahem,
Marwan 2 .Then in the y.7 j 1 .& of the Heg. 132 .of the family oiEbcn AbAs,Safa,Abft
lafar,Mahah Bda^Elady Bila Mnfa.AraUnd BiU Harnn, Aioh^med Amm, Maha-
mHn^AbftE.i.ach Matafon^lVacek^-,Almatowakal Bilalafar^ Montacer ^ Abul Aboi Ha'
Wfi^.Then 4.y.vacancie,after which Mofiahhin^Almatex. Bila,Motady Bdu^Almat Ha-
medBila Hamed,Mataz^d Btia Hamed,M<ikafy BiLt^ Moktader Bila, lafar, Kaher Bi-
Ja Mahemed^Ra^i BiU Mahamed.Moktafy Bda Ebrehem z.MoHdchfj AbduU, Mutyn
' Bila Fa<.ele,Tahya iy4 belharimJCader Btla Hamed, Kahem or Alhahem be^anarylajA-
hu lafar Abdula,Almol^ady Bila, AlmoIlaz,er Btla , AlmoFtacherd Btla E^e/e , fiachet
Bila,Almokjafy Bila ■^. AlmoHa»get bila Ififf, AlmoBan-ty bennr Elah Acen, Nacer 01
Nacere LaditilajAlz^aher ox Altaher btla Mahomed, Almoslanzer bila Man^iir,Almo-
fiacevB btla Abdula. They which will may compare thefe with thofe which out o(Za-
CHthiyCurtOjZnd others we before named. The Tartars follow , of which anon more
fully. He numbreth them in this order; Qhinguis kan,Otkayk!paoyi,Gayuk^KhAot}yMan-
thnkhaoH^ylakukhaoH ^ Haybkaykh/ioH, Htitned Khan or Ntendar OgUnytArgon, Khan,



37S Of the alterations ofStdteand^liponsin ^erJia,i(^C' Chap, S '

G^nUrhkhon, 'Bitdukiiiin,GazHnkha»,AljaftHkhm;n\\o after was called Sultan Hamed,
Sulton Abft^jajd BahaderKhan. After whom follow the Mogol Tartars ( fifty ycarcs
being omitted without name) Tej/murlmg,Mir<AhKarok^filoghb€k^Mirxah Al>dela-'.
tife,cMirzah AbdHlii,Mirz,ah Sulton Abufayd,yA\o raigned in Maurenahar, {J^Iirz^ah .
Sulton Hamed^MirK^h Babor: Then in Karafon, Ol^ir-cah Bjadtgar, Mtrx^ah Sultox
Ocen,Bahiidyot'Pedy tAzMmon^ and his brother Muz,afha: Thcfcraigned from the
ycare 1 388.10 1 5op.In whichmcanc time there were of the Turcoman Nation which
commanded other parts of Perfia,firft Kara Ijfufohhe fam ily K'lrnkuyon , who began
his raigne <f»w 141:?. towhomfucccededy^?w«ri'f*?»^<rr,ye>£)Kf^^, AcenAly, and after
him,of the family Akuyo»lufiz.un Acenbek^^Sulton RaUl,TMcub Bek^Bayfiingor^Mirz-ah^
RofiambekjHagmet'Bekj,AhvanBekjMorad'Bekj, which through mutuall quarrels en-
ioyed the Throne a fmall (pace. And in the yearc 1 %o^.Cha IfmadSofhy, and his line
fuccecded,andftill continue. Howfoeuer the Chalifs are here expreffed as Lords of
T>exfi2,yct'BemammTudcla7/istd]c:hthit Semgar then King of Perfia, had two and
fortie Kingdomes fubieil to him,andthat his Dominion extended fourc moneths ior*
ney,and ipcakcth as though he were not fubieil to the Caliph in his temporalties:
Af. Po/o reckons eight Kingdomes of Perfia, Cafibin, CurdiHan , Lor, Suoliftani
Spaan,Siras,Soncaia,Timoc3im ; not reckoning Hirak, the chicfc Citic whereof was
Tauris,and diuers other Countries now, and before his time fubic(S tothePerfian,
Andby moft Hiftorians it appeareth that Perfia had before the dayes oi Targrolopx^
and till the Tartars conqueft,Sultans which yeelded fmall fubiedion to the Chaliphw
The hiftoric of 7/wrfc/,becaufe it giueth much light both into the ftate andrcligioa
cfPerfia.is more fully to be reported. AkcTthztC^ufiaceiiMumbtla, or Almunsia-
cenbila Abd({la,thc Chaliph of Bagdct.had beene by the Tartars done to death, in the
o I. BB par. 1.1.1 yeare after 77^x>/:;«««/account ! 258. (aboutthe ycare 1 369.) there aiofe in Perfia » a
Oftr.de rcEm. Nobleman called i'o/)/;/, Lord of the Citic Ardouil, reporting himfelfetobcofthc
lib,io.simi(s bloud of A/le or W^rA.defcended from Mufa Caz-in^ov Cerjin one ofthc twclue fonncs
*Kn^^''r I IH (*^ '* ^^^^^ of /f<?cfiw,ihirteenc defccnts diflant. T|iis Sofht, or ( as our %irik^ Mtrkond
tag.^6^, ' aforcfaid calls him Cheque Safy) had iffue Cheque Mucha, the father of Cheque Aly,

who begate Cheque Ebrahem^znd he Sultan funeyd^fdnhenof Cheque Aydar, who bc-
gate Ifmael. Thefe continued their Hdi-hoUes. Our Authoi $ mention none from So.
pht to luneyd,Wt\om they make his fonnc,calling him CwffWjOtherwifc writtcn,C/»*»/,
p Mhiadtll.t. Guine,zadGiunet. \CMinadoi faith, That >S'<'Arc^/;/«;, or mott i\{\:in&.\y, Sciec Gtunet,
q £.r.|tf».4jo wasAuthorofthePerfianSe£l,whovnderthenameof<) Jfl^,andof Afc(thatis, ofa
wife man,and an Author of Religion) or rather vnder the pretence of holineflc, began
toperfwade the peoplcjthat the three firft fucceflbrs ot Mahomet ■wete vfurpers,onely
Alt ought to be named lawfull fucceflbr, and ought to be called vpon in their prayers,
and by all meanes to be honoured. From this time forward the Sepulchre of Alt and
his fonnes in Cafe grew in great crcditc,and was vifited euery ycare after the fame fore
that the Turks vifit the Sepulchre ofthe other three : and thekings of Perfia vfed there
to be crov;ned,and girt with their fword, & their great Califc there kept his refidence.
Bccaufc this Cafe was neerc Babylon,hence grew the common crror,that thefe things
were done at Babylon orBagdet. loutus alfo is deceiucd, where he makcth Ardueke
or Aide-re fi.w^Qi ofthe Perfian faftion, Soji is by Minadoi dcriucd of Sofiti . a people
fubdued by Alexmder : but Scaliger mofe fitly T^phi , which in Arabikc fignifieth a
man of pure Religion. In this refpedt there is no lelfe contention betweene thefe and
other Muhammcdans, then between the Samaritans & the lewes : fo that the Perfians
are a kindc ofCatharifts or Puritans in their impure Muhammedrie. Claude Duret
mentioneth another Etymologie,that Sophi fignifieth wool! , and that this profeflion
in token ofhumility,wcaring nothing on their heads more pretious then wooll , were
focalIed.But the former deriuation is more probable. Nk.Nicolai \a his third booke
hath alfo that woollen deriuation: and Geffrey Ducket faithjthat^^y^* fignifieth a Beg-
ger,and that the King is not there in Perfia fo called, but Shaugh; which agrecth
with their report, which fay that Ifmael renewed or continued the name Sofi or Jc^/*' .•
buthisfucce(^oursleauingthat, and the name oiSiec, haue retained oncly the title
of i**/)**, which fomcvvritc Shaugh ^ fome Xa, aroyall title communicated by the

head



Chap. 8. ASIA. The fourth 'Booke. 57p

head of this fupcrftitinn to thofe Kings which participate with them therein. lo~
ftph Scaliger "-faith, that Sa or .yc/j^is the fame with Monfieur among theFrcnch, r Scalcan^i
and Don among the Spaniards. Thelewesand Arabians write it nnw, andtheGre- ^figMbr,^.
cians mix- I": is fometimes fet before the name, as iri the prefent King SchaHahM ;
fometime comes after, as Mcltxa for Meltc-fcha. 2?<«r>'/;«''bcginnes thispedegree f UBarJfii
atthe father o(Giz»et, or Gume (Co he cals him) and not as Min4doi,vjith GHwethlm- dec.i.l.io.cl,
felfe. Hcaddeth.ThatforthcEnfigne, CharacHierj or CognifanccofhisSc6t, he oit
dained, that in the midft of their Turbant (which they wearc with many folds) there
fliould arifc a {harpe top,in manner of a Pyramis,diuidcd into twelue parts (in remem-
brance of j4/< his twelue fonncs) from the top to the bottome. They vfed the colour
red on their heads (d'lih Aliuadoi) by ordinance ofy4rdi*e!le,iad therefore were called
ChefelbM, that is, Red-heads ; fome write it CufelhM. Sofhi, as Mtrkond z^tmcth,
was holden in fuch reputation of holinefle by Tamerlane, xhu he came to vifit him as ^
Saint J and at his requeft, fet free ^oooo.flaucs.which he had taken in the wars againft
BKiaz,et, to whom Checjue Sophi gauc appareil and other neceflaries, and fentthcm
home to their houfcs: whereby he wanne great fame and affedion.S^rn^^ and others
attribute this to GHwe, and fay that thefe ilaucs became his difciples firft, and after
fouldiers to his fonne ^/Wrfr againft the Chriftian Georgians.

This t Jicl^r 6rdebil(pr after Iouim, HardHelles) forfaking (as fbmc fay) the worid, ' ^'"''«* .^«»°
led a ftrcight life in contincncie and aufterity,and was therefore admired as a Prophet, ^"^^■'^■^'fi'
and refortcd to out of all parks of Armenia and Perfia comming to Tauris to fee him ; ^*^"'^'''
He inueighed againft the common opinion concerning Alahomets fucceflbrs.as G>ti»~
fte and Sopin had done, flhutting vp heaucn to all,f3uing Haiihis followers. For fo th«
Perfians vfc to fay in their ptakrs ; Cnrfcd be Ebttbeker, Omar, and Ofman -. God be
fauourable to Hali, and well p'leafed with him. Vfuncetjfa» rripucd with his famc,gaue
him in marriage his daughter yI/rfr//>^ begot oftheChriftian Lzdy De/piutt, daughter
ofCalo 7(?<<««^j Empcreur of Trapezond ; both of them by this alliance ftrengthning
themfclues againft the Tarkc ^ider had by this Martha, Ifmael, whom ftiec trained
•vp in the principlesofChriftian Religion, /<tffl^,fucce{rorof^7««c/?^»,rcalous of the
inultitude oi Aiders difciples, and the greatnefle of his fame, caufed him to be fccretly
murthered ; pcrfecuting all his profeffed followers with fire and fword. Jfmael then z
childc, fled into Hircania to onzPyrchales, a friend of his fathers, who afterwards ai=
tied him to the recouering of his patrimonie. 'BoterM faith, that //ifo^, after the niur-
thcrof^/</<jr, committed his two fonncs, IfmaelznASolyman, to Amanz^ar (^C2p~
tainc of his) to be conueicd to Zalga^z ftrong mountainy place: but he brought them
vp liberally with his owne children, and in his laft fickncfle, gauc them horfc and two
hundredducats, with aduicc to repairc to their mother ; where takirfg vponhim the
protctftion ofthe feft oiHali^ and the reucnge of his fathers deaths his entcrpriles fuc-
ceeded profperoufly." Giouan Maria A»gtele[lo faith,^hat lacob being poifoned 148 y. u Uf.it.
the feigniorie was poficffedby a \i\n{vaztioilacobs called Iftlauer^aftev whofe :^ .yeeres
raigne fucceeded Bayfingir two yeeres ; after, T^ufian feucn yeeres, who fent SoUma>u
iec* z^zw\^Sechaidari\\ziii)\cxoi Ifmael, who made challenge to the State in right "^ Mirliond^i&k
of his wife the daughter oiVfHr.cajfxn, who flew him in the field. Rtiflan would alfo Soltman was
hauc killed the mother and her fonnes, had not intreatieof his Nbblcs preuented it. fentby;«o&
He committed thcin to ward in the Hand ofthe Armenians in the lake AHumar; whi- '"Succour of
ther he fent for them againe aftei three yeeres, but they for feare fled to Ardouill, and g^l^^n ypfn,**
there liucdclofcly for a time. /J«/?<i» was flaine by y^_gw<i; through his mothers pro- vi\\om /ijdar
curement,who loucd that Agmat,-w\\o abode Sultan fine months,and was flain by Ru- warred.
flam fouIdiers.And >4/«<;«thekinfman of?)'«»f<!/7d» wa^Scignior,whom /fmaeldevi.

A certainc Merchant who abode a long time in Tauris, andtrauelled thorpw the
moft part of Peifia (skilfull ofthe Turkifli, Per(ian,and Arabian languages, either fee-
ing himfelfc, or learning of them which did fee) in the time of Jfmael,iehtes this Hi-
ftorie fomwhat o!hcrwife,whom,as learning ofthe Perfians thcmfeluc J the Perfian af- Rumiijmi
fairej,we may reckon worthy to be foilowcd,faith,that this Sechatdar in Ardouil was
thchead ofthisSophianSe6t, and hadthreefons and three daughters by thedaugh-
tcr of VfttKcap.it. Hcc was a zealous cncmic againft the Chrifiians, oftentimes with

his



/



gSo Of the alterations of the State and^ligion^ts-c. Chap.S.



his followers repairing into Circaflia, doing the people much dammagc, which when
in the daies of Sf*lt4n AltimHt he attempted as before times, he was by AlumMsot^zt
forbidden at Darbent further paffagc : but feeking to make way by force, hcc was by
the forces oiAlumur taken, anJ his head, on the top of a launce, prelcnted to Almmty
and by his command, giuen to thedoggestobeeaten ; the caufe why the Sophians
are fuch enemies tnto dogges, killing all they finde. This ncwcs coram itig to -.^r«i»-
uiR, his three fonncs fled, one into Natolia, another to Aleppo, //»»4*/ the third to aa
Hand in the lake of Van, in which is a citie of Chriftian Armenians, where heeabode
foure yeeres in the houfc of an Armenian Prieft, being then about thittecne ycerea
old, who vfed him courteoufly, and inftrudted him in the rudiments ofChriflianRcH-
gion. A yeere after he went from Arminig to Chilian, where he kept with a Goldfmitfa
his fathers friend. In this time he had intelligence ,by mutuall writing.with his friends
at Ardouill : and with this Goldfmith hauing gathered together eightecne or iwcntie
mcnoftheirSe<5tfecretly totake a ftrong caftle, called Maumutaga, and hidden ia
ambufh two hundred horfemen of his friends in Ardouill, fuddenly flaying the gard,
and poflcfling himfclfcof the Caftle, he entred a Towne not farre from the Caftle, kil-
ling the inhabitants, and carrying the fpoile to the Caftle. This Caftle was very rich,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 76 of 181)