Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

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Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 77 of 181)
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bccaufe it was a principall Hauen of the Cafpian Sea ; and fo ftrong.that when Alumttt
had newes hcereof, he was diffwaded from fending any power thither to befiege him.
Two daies iourny from hence is Sumachi: which with his p«wer,now encrea(cd,hcal-
fo tooke, and diuided the fpoilcs cuery where to his fouldiers, which with fame of this
liberalitic came from all parts vnto him. He fent alio into Hiberia, three or foure daies
iourney from thence, which was then gouerncdby feuenigreat Lords, three of whidi,
Aiexander Skee Gergm'amkec,inAMirz,4THitc,\s\\.\\ many promifes ofprefent (poiles
and future exemptions from tributc,hc wonne to his fidejtcceiuing from each ofthcm
three thoufand horfe, fo that he was now growne fifteenc or fixteenc thoufand ftrong.
e/^/ffw«( with thirtie thoufand valiant fouldiers went to meet him betwecne Tauris
andSumachia, and hauing paffcd a great riuer,ouerwhich were two Bridgcs,hee pre-
fentlycaufed them to be broken : //wwf/arriuing there the next day, with great dili-
gence found a paifage thorowthe ftrcame, and with his whole forces, in front, in the
breake of the day,affailed Alumut his arm!e,little fufped^ing fuch a good morrow,that
AltHnut with a few companions hardly efcaped. The pauilions ,horfcs,and other boo-
tie, //J»<**/beftowed on his fouldiers : and then hafted to Tauris, where entring with-
out refiftance, he made great flaughtcr, killing all the race of /-»«^,opcning his'Sepul.
chrc, and the Graues of other Noblemen, whichhadbeene at the battle of Darbent
igainft his father, and burning their bones ; 300. harlots heecaufcd to be cut afunder
in the middle : he killed all the dogges in Tauris, and becaufe his mother had manied
to one ofthofe Nobles which were in the battle ofDarbcnt, he caufed her head to be
flrickenoff in his prcfcnce. In this while many Townes, Cities, Caftles, and Jordi
fubmitted themfelues to him, and ware his red-coloured Turbant : but the Caftle
Alangiachana (whereto were fubie<ft eightecne villages of Chriftjans, which vfed
yecrely to fend to Rome two men from the Patriarch to the Pope, of whofe faith they
were, fpeaking ArmentM, hauingfome bookes, but quite loft the yfe of the Itahaa
language) this Caftle (I fay) held out (oxAlumHt vntill his death.

While lfm4el was Sultan in Tauris, the Sultan in Bagadet Mnrat C4n fon tXl»c^,
with an army of 30000. marched againft him, and in a plaine meeting with Ifmael was
there ouerthrowne, not 70. perfons efcapmg to Bagadet with Mnmt C*n : the place
bearing witoes of the naughter,buried vnder many new hils of bones. All thcfc things
were done Anne 1499. And while I was in Tauri$,many came from Natolia,Carama-
nia, andTurkietoleruchimjofwhomthey were gratioufly entertained. C//W.1507.
our Author bcmg then in Malacia, faw with hiseies, the Sultan Alnmut conucied pri-*
foncr by Amirbtc,yiho with foure thoufand men going from Moful(fomtimc Niuiuc}
to Amit, where the Sultan kept, with promife and profeflion of his fuccor, being ad-
mitted the citie, tooke him , and caft a chainc about his nccke,whofe head Ifm4el(mat
off with his ovvne haods. He wasprefented to him by Amirht in the country oiAl*-

Chap. .8. ASIA, The fourth 'Boohe-^ 5§i

dull, againft whom Ifmaelwzi now warring: where taking the citieCartibirt, he ciii
off the head oiBecarbec fonne of Aladiili Lord thereof with his ovviie hands. From
thence returning to Tauris he had almoft done as much to his two brethren, whom he
had left Gouernours m his abfence, for tranlgrefling their CommifTion, but with
much intrcatie of his Lords, fpared their hues, yet confined them to Ardouill, not to
depart from thence. Thenextyeerehcpurfued Mur»tCA», whowascome toS^'asj
aCiticnotinfftiourtoCairoin Egypt, with fix and thirtiethoufand men, but male-
content, and therefore many of them fleeing vnto Ifmael. Whereupon Marat (^an
fent two Embafladours with fine hundred followers, with offer of ValTallage vnto
him; //w<t*/cutthemallinpeeces, faying, That if ^/«r»7r C^k would behis Vaflall,
hee flioulv-i come in perfon, not by Embaflagc. {Jiinrat C^» had clofely fent Spies to
obferue the fequclc of his bufincffe, and being hcereof by them aduertifed, fled t
For many of his Nobles had already put on the red Turbant, of whom hee feared
tobce taken, as y4/«w»f hadbccne ; and therefore with three thoufand of his moft
faithfull hcc fled vnto Aleppo : but thc,Soldan of Cairo not admitting him, hcc
went to Aladfili, who entertained him honourably, and gauc him his daughter to

Ifmad, after great flaughtcrsuiSiras andBagadet, was forced to returneto Spaiti
with his Armic. Vovlefelhoi the Tartar had taken all theCountrey of Corafan, and
the great Citie of Eri,which is in compafle betwixt forcie and fiftie miles,weil peopiedj
andfullofMarchandize : Hee had taken alio Straua, Amixandaran, and Sari, on the
Cafpianfhore ; and with intent to beguile //?w<«f/, dcfired leaue topafle thorovv his
Countrey to Mecca on Pilgrimage, //w^e/ with dcniall, and other fharpe words, re-
pelled his fnit.andabodeayeercinSpaan, to withfland his cnterprifes. After hee re-
turned to Tauris, where were great Triumphs folcmnizcd in his honour. ThisSophi
is fo loued and feared (faith this Marchant) that they hold him as a Cod, cfpecialiy his
-fouldiers : cfwhich,fomegoeinto the warres without Armour, holding it fjfficientj
that //w^f/willfuccour them : others, becaufe they content themfe'ues to die for //I.
ntuel,goe into battaile with naked breaft, crying, Schtaek^, Schiacl^, i.God, God,
And they forget thename ofGod, alway naming Ifmael : they hold. That he fliall not
die,but Hue cucr. And where other Mtfulmans fay, LajlUjfHu/a, Jl<f^h/jmet refulUllay
the VexC^^nsky, La yllaylkfa, Ifmael vellt/allti; reputing him a God and a Prophet. 1
haue learned, thailfmae/is not contented to be called or worfhippcd as God. Their
cuftomeisto wearcred Bonnets, withacertaine thing like a girdle, large below, and
ftraiter vpwards, made with tweluc folds, a finger thicke, fignifying the twelue Sacra-
ments of their Sei^ or thofe twehie brethren, ncphewes of A/i. 7/w/!f/ was of fairs
countenance, ofreafonablcftatute, thicke and large in the fiicuUiCrs.fliaucn all butthi
muftachcs ; left-handed,ftrongcr then any of his Nobles, but giuentoSodomic. At
his fecond comming to Tauris ,hc caufed to take twelue of the faireft boics in the Citie
to feiuc his lufl, and after gaue to each of his Nobles one for the hkc purpofe, and be-
fore tooke ten of the befl mens Ibnncs for the fame intent.

Thus farre haue wee had commerce with this namelcffe Petfian Marchant in Rii- oformde KeL
»;«/!"»« his fhoppe, who fomctime attended on his Court and Campe. Others adde^
heercuntOjThathe fent Embafladours to ail the Mahiimctan Princes of the Eaftjtore- ^-S^'-fi'"-
ceiuethatredde-HatEnfigne, togecherwithhis Se(5\ ; as did his fonne Tl^wsw^ after
him, when 7\(^f?-2:.i«w«//»cf« oncly accepted thereof. But it is the common opinion^
that the greateft part of the Mahumetans in Soria and of Afia Minor are fecretly of
thatSei>. //«»<*f/ after this warred, and wonne.vpon the Zagatai Tartars, and other
adiacentNations, that hclcft vnto his fucceflTours a very great Eflate, reachingfrom i^ol- TurliM
the Cafpian Sea to the Perfian, and betweene the Lake locco and Tigris, the Riuer
Abbiam, and the Kingdome of Cambaya, morethentwentic degrees from Ea(l to
Wcfl, and eighteenefromNorth to South, Hecordaineda new Lyturgie, and forme
ofPraier.ditfering from the ancient. Such was his autboritie,th3t they would fweaie.
By the Head o^ J [mat I, and blefl'e in his name, faying, Ifmatl grant thee thy defire.
Vpon his Toyne, on the one fide, was written, La ilkhe tllaUhu Mnhamcdun re- iCmitelaWei
ft*klihe : And on the other, Ifmaill habfe MUhe, that is, //«»<J^/ the Vicar of God. cbuli^b.




of the alterations oj the State and^liviony^ijrc. Chap. 3.

Simm Comm.
in Ah. 1503.

^nt lcnl(in[on.


Th. Camerir.


" Bmbeq.epijl.^.



Miirador, of iht
Warrcs be-
twecnc ihe
Turkes and

Others fay,
blinde: Mir-
ifjovi/and Sir

.Thclcwes, atthefirrt, had this //w/j?/ in fuch admiration, that they foohflily recko-
ned 7/5«/?*/tobetheirpromifed Mejfias, gratulating thenifclucs,in this conceit, tho-
rowout the moft part of Europe, celebrating feftiuall Solemnities, with mutual! p,c-
fents, in teftimonie of their ioy ; which yet was foone dafhcd, none hating the lewes
more then Ifmciel. He lieth buried at Ardouil,iii3faircMcskit, with afuirptuous Se-
pulchre made by himfelfe in his life time ; where IS a faireStone-Hofpitallereiiedby
him for ftrangcrs, allowing to ail trauellcrs three daiesrchefe for horfelnd man freely.
Ardouiiis in latitude 5 8. degrees.

The lifeof//OT<«f/had becne anfwerable to the bloudie prefagcs in bis ominous
birth J for he cameforthofhismotherswombe with both his hands fliut, and full of
bloud : for which caufe his father would not hauc brought him vp, but commanded
him to be Ilaine : but they which carried him away, moued with companion, fecretly
nouriflicd liim three yeercs, and afterprefented him to his father, who then acknow-
ledged and receiued him with louc and kmdnefic : for this hi>: bloudie and warre-like
fpirit dwelt in a louely and amiable body, adorned with all the Enhgnes ofbeautie;
He died y^««o 1524.

SchiachThecrftes, or Shau^h Tamos , fucceeded, andraigncd abouefiftieyecrcv
He liueddeuoutly, and yet (for their Lawrcconcilerh both) very inhe-
riting his fathers Throne, but 'not his valour, andlpending thegrcare(t part ot hit
time amongit his women. So zealou^ he was of their kipeiliition, that when M. /nt»
kjnfon came to his Court with the Queenes Letters to treat with him of Traffique and
Commerce for our Enghfli Marchants, betorr his feet touched the ground, a paireof
the Sophies ownc Shoocs orCafmackes(fuch as himfelfe vfed to wcare,when he arofe
in the night to prayj wci e put vpon his feet, left their holy ground fhould be polluted
with Chriftian fteps. And being admitted into his prefence.and asked ofhis Religion,
Whether he were a Gower, that is, an Vnbcleeuer, or a MttCelman, (fo they call them
of their owne profefTion) hauing anfwcred, that he was zChnflian, beleeuingChrift
to be the greateft Prophet : Oh thou vnbeleeuer (faidhe) weehauenoncedtohauc
friendfliip with the vnbeleeuers, and fo willed him to depart : whichhcdid, and after
him followed a inan with a Balanet of Sand, f.fting all the way that he had gone with-
in the faid Pallace, cuen from the Sophie? fight vnto the Court gate.

In his time Solyman (ns in our Turkifh Relations before is fhewed) much cndam-
inagcd the Perlians, and tookeBabylonia,Tauris, and other parts oftheir dominions:
yetdd Tam'M rccouerfomc part thereof againe, znd 6xz\ic So IjmaK out of Taiiris,
(orEcbatana, z? A^iH/idoi interpreteth) and, by a compofition, caiifc(fhimtorafe
theForc of Chars, ered^ed by the Turkes in his frontiers. Hee died the eleuenth of
May, 1576. leaning behinde him eleuen children: /i/4/;^w^f the cldc ft, who lud li*
ucd a while in Hen ffomctimc called Aria) andafter in Siras (anciently named Pcr-
fcpolis :) hisfecond fonnewas Ifmahe^^ whom f-n- his fiercencfle his father had con-
fined to the Caftlc Cahaca : the third, ^/ier^-; the reft, Mamttt, Solimano, M'tjiiifd^
Emanguli, Alichan, Amct, Abrahtm.^ ind /JmAhe/ the younger. Hoc appointed his
fecond fonnc Jjmahcl\\\s fucccflbur, efteeniing him more worthie then MahnmetCo-
dabandu (this furname was giuen him for hisdifeafed eies*) asbcinggiuen to aftu-
dious and quiet life, content ng himfelfe.that Ahas Mtriz^e (which now raigneth)
was confirmed in the Citic of Heri, andhonoured with the title of the Vinerofthat

TeriiicoKcena, the daughter of T^zw/W, andeUcr then any of the brethren, being in
Commifiion with other CounfellorsofStateto fee her fathers Will executed, whiles
the Pofts ranne with aduertifements to Jfmahel, was attempted by ^/^^^rfwidi ear-
neftfojicitationfor the Crowne : whofe ambitious dcfire ftice fo farrefatisfied, as
that fhee caufed him to be innefted in Regall apparrell, and fettled in the great Gal*
lerie, attending the acclamation of the people ; being pubiikelyinftailcd, as though
hewerceleiledKing. Butmeane while fliee fetfuregaidsofmen, deuptcd to Iftna-
hel, atthegates of the Palace ; thus purpofing to cntertainehim (with dreames of
dangerous honours) tiIl7/w^fef/arritiedatCasbin. But whiles he (fulpedling the de-
ceit) fought to flee, he left his head behinde in the hands oiSahamaihis vucic, which


Chap. 8. ASIA. The fourth Booke. 38^

he caft al!-bloudic, in the middclt of his confpiring partakers. Ifmahel foone after
camc,and receiued with pnblike applaufe the dclired Soucraigntyrand as he had before
addi^^ed himfelfe to the iiudie of the Tiirkifh Law; (eiiough,if it had been knovvnc, to
haue barred his fucceflion) fo now,after thcTurkifli manner, he foundeih his Throne Turkifli Parti-
Ca foundation too ilippene to ftand) in bloud, cauling the heads of eight yonger cide imuated
brethren to be cut off, together wi:h al! fuch as were neere them in bJoiid or afliniciei inl^eiii»«
andallthefauouritcs ofthclateflainc ^idere. Thus is C^^/« dyed in the bloud of
hcrbopefull Gallants,and cntcrtaincs her beholders eyes withfticamcs of blond run-
ning from the flaine, which caufc another ftrcamc of teares to ifluefrom their lining
friends; who fining the ayre with mournefull complaints (which returning anfwere
byccchoesjfcemcdto fympathizc their griefe) and in compaflionofthcfe dying bo-
dies, then gafping their fatallbreathsjimitating (with true affcdion, and not affcdcd
imitation) the fame in deepc and broken fighes : viewing alfo their owne dangers in
the prefcnt ruinc of their neercft and decreft fomc-timc allies and acquaintance : toflcd
with this varietie of turbulent pallions, conceiuc, in this confufion of thoughts (thac
whichistruely the daughter and mother alfo ofconfulion) Trecherous Difgyalt.eio
theauthorofthefe their forrowcs. I fmahel ^o{{\ngon to his owne deftrudliqn, had
now forbidden the deuotions of y^/7 the Perfian Prophet, and enioyned thcTurkifh
Rites of A^uhar, and other the followers of Mahomet, by imprifoning, rayling, pul-
ling out the eyes, and killing y^/y his obfeniants, cftablifliing his Decree, notiparing,
inihisperfccution, to torment the tender Ladies (fome of them of his owne bloud)
norrcuerencingagcorprofelTion, depriuing cuen the Califfeof Casbin (the eye of
theirblindnefle)of bothhiscyes, becaufehee would not feeequiticiii thisnouelticj
aud purpofing (as the Fame went) to go to Bagdat, there to receiue the Crowne from
him whomfocuer he Hioiild-finde the fucceflour of the great Califfe, in the middcft of
his cruelties he was (with like crucltie) murtheted by Per Lie one ona. The Executor of
herfathers Will is thus made an £.v^i:«/«»rr of her fathers fonnc, hauing brought in
theconfpirators,apparrelled in womens weeds,to ftrangle him among his Paramours.
This was done the foure and twentieth of Nouember 1577. after he had raignedone
tjre.feuen moneths, and fixe dayes. AiahanietCodahttnda thow^i it now time for
im to lookc to his right, which by meanes of (JMiriz,e Salmas, the chiefe of the Sul-
tans, he obtained. ThisSultanprefentedhimwith the head of that Vtr.igo Pertacon.
comy^on the top of a Launce, with the diflicuclled haire, gaf^ly lookes, and bloudie
impreflions, yeclding an vncouth (though not vncefcrued) fpedade to the beholders:
which (if like thcSnakie fcalpeof /i/fd»/kitdid not transtbrme them into ftoncs^yct, veMeJuf ^
asif it had bcenc the banner ol Meg^ra) feemed to difplay new quarrels, kindling in- Megxra, ,jjjg
ward hatreds, tumultuou-s feditions, and ciuill broyles, which expofed them to Atnu- ?"«'•«•
rtithi forces,who thought it fit time for him to fifh with his Turkifli Nets in this trou-
bled Perfian flrcamc. Of thefe warrcs is alreadie fpoken. => Much lolTe did the Perfians ^ i:y ,' ^ „ g
by this meanes fuftaine, and much more had followed, had not Emir Harr>z,e, Maho. i. S'Auc^. InVu
wmeldeftfonnc, with his valorous attempts, flopped the Turkifli proceedings, and, Sartasttintt.
liketheEafterneSunne, with hiig eater brightneflcdifpcrfcd thofe weaker beames ^ !^i-i«adoi,l,9.
of The Moome Standards of frond Ottoman. hLoke"'"* ' -

Butfoone was this Sunne ecIipfcd,notby theMoones interporition(forthatisna- flatedby M
pirall.jfwevnderrtanditof theheaucnly; and ordinary, if of the earthly and Turkifh) H^ivell.the.
butby extraordinary and vnnaturall procurement (as was thought) ofhis ambitious Rcadermay
brother y4i.«,orofothersfufpe£ted of his father, effected by a treacherous Eunuch ^"^hcfc wars
that guarded him.whichfuddenlydrucke him thorow the bodie and flew him. J}ha.s tS"!: ' >p
his brother by Iblemnc oath cleared himfelfe of thisodious imputation. And yet he is fia ^injhcfo'
Boleffefufpcitcd of amore monftrous and vnnaturall treacheric againfl his owne fa- ro I'olitico.Heu-
ther, who is thought '' to bcepoyfonedby his meanes, that by thefe bloudic ftcppes '''m Porfim,
hccmightafccndto that Throne which now he cnioyech. But (all this notwithltan- ^'""''"""^ f^'fi"
ding) he hath fincc fo fubtilly handled the matter.that he is both beloued ofhis owne '""'&'"*{f"'"y-
and teared ot his cnemie : his iubiects Iweare and blehe in his name. ' He hath rccoue- eodm bcllo
red from the Turkc both Tauris,and other Regions of Scrvania and Georgia, which fiy'pp '^

iheTurkc had before taken from the Perfians. Hee was reported alfo to haue taken "^ Cj>rtv>right.

XI Bagdat/ T'"*°J'.



5 84 of the alterations of the State and ^li^ionjZsrc. C n a p. J.

, Bagdat,buc(itreemeth) notmiely. //»»/<»»;«* "i in his Newes i6i«.reporteth of di-

Galkyd'i "'' "^''^ viftories obtained by him againft the Turkc(v\hich caufed publike Fafls and fupf.

phcations CO be appointed at Conftantinople) : andof the Perfian Embaflage, with

rich Piefents and holy Rcliques to the Emperour atPrage. getardKs Arthm likewifc

e Got A. Merc. '" his « G^^llobdgicHs of the laft Mart.relateih of Abiu his Embaflage to Conftantino*

G. 161J. pie about a Peace; but when his EmbafiadoUr returned with Articles, whereby ttti

Perfian was bound,vnder fliew of gifts,to pay an annuall tribute to the Sdtan,he thcr«

fore put him to death ; putting out the eyes a!fo,and cutting of the hands of the Ttir*

kifh Embafladour which was ient with him. Of Bagdat and old Babylon we baue

f G.fpar.Bilbi. (pokcn clfewherc : let this be heerc added out of Ba/61 (, that trauelling from Fclugia

toBagdat, whichhcercckonethadaicsiourncyandahaire, one whole daies iourncy

thetcof.was by one fide of the ruines of Babylon, which he left on the left hand. ■ 5jij

As forTaiiris, inthcyearc 1514. Se//m tookcit (as lornefay) on compofition,

which he brake,and carried thence three thoufand of the belt: Artificers to Conrtanti*

nople, ty^nfto 1555. Sa/^man gaue it for a prey to his fouldiers ; Anne i 585. Ofmm

fpoiled it with vncouth and inhumane cruelties ; v\hatioci!cr ihcinfulting Conc,ueror,

in the vtmod extent oflawlcfl"e luft, could infli(9, or the afflifted condition of the con.*

cjuercd couldinthemoft dcic(9.cdftate of miferie fuftaine^ was there executed, t/i.

hM in rccoucrie hereof vfed the Canon, an Inftrument which before ihey had, to theit

B Cartwfkk ownc loflc, fcorned. This Prince is (faith our g Author)excellcnt both of compofi.

tion of bodie, and difpofitionof minde, of indifferent ftaturc, flerne countenance,

piercing cycs,fwart colour, his muftachees on the vppcrlippe long,his beard cut dole

tothcchinne. He delights in Hunting and Hawking, Runnin<z, Icapins, and trying

of .Mafteries: He is an excellent Horfe-man and Avchcr. In the morning he vfetbto

vifit his (lables of great Hories, and hauing there fpcnt iSibft of 1 he fore-noone, here*

curncs to his Pallace : About three ot the cJockc in the after noone he goeih to the At-

Maidan, which is the high ftreetof Hifpaan, theCitieof hisrefidence, round about

which are fcaftolds for the people, to fit and behold the Kitig and his Nobles at their

Excrcifes of Shooting, Running, Playing at Tennis, &c!.'ail on horfe-backe. In this

place very often, in hi^ownepcribn,hchearcth caufei,and pronouncetli fentence,eK'

cueing Tufticc feuerely.

Now that we may mention fomc of the chiefe Cities of Pcrfia (vnder which name

h Mc Jia Ghei- I heere comprehend, as vfually in this Hiftorie, their •' Dominion,not as it is mcafurcd

lan.Mjiraii- by the Pens of Geographers, but by the S Words of their Princes.) In Sumachia Ma-

ciran.orHvr. ^^^ Cartwr:^ht faith,They law the ruines ofa crucU (pe(ilae!c,which was a Turret crc

Aalcandv' ^^^'^ with Free, fione and Flints, in the midft whereof were placed the heads of all the

har,Heri, Co- Nobilicic and Gentrieof the Countrey. A mile from this Townewas a Nunncrie,

rallan.FarC.oi- wherein was buried the bodie of v4'W'«/i?i^eCir««4, the Kingir^aughcer, who flew her

Per(i3,withthc fdte with a knife, for that her father would haue forced her to marrica Tartarian

Caiamaniaii prjo^.^ ; the Virgins of the Countrey refort hither once a ycare to lament her dearh.
dcl.irt,and:nc ^...^ ,''. . ,- ,- ii-'t- lli ru.

Kmo JoiTic of Sechi IS foure dayes lourney thence, not tarre from which is t res, whicn,becaule tncy

Lar%ndthc yeelded to the Turk, were by /iw/r./7^w?ii? vtterly dcltroyed, man, woman.and child.

Turcoman iu- Arafle is the chiefe Citic of Merchandize in all Scruania.elpccially for raw Silkes.Tau-

t'lon arc fub- j-jj j^j^j, out-liued many deaths.and is very rich by rcafon ofcontinuall Trade,nourini-

Kin ^"an^h '"? almoft t'A'o hundred thoufand people within her compaffqfor walls, it hath ' not.

hul^air" lub- This was fomctime the Seat-Royall, and after that, Casbin, which is fituate in a fertile

ducdandrui- Plainc.foure daycs ioumey in length, wherein are two thoufand Villages. The buil-

daycs would Casbin, and ftands neere to the Caspian Sea. Necre to Bachu is a Fountaineof blackc
doe what they oyle ; which feructh all the Country to bumc in their houfes. Caflan is well lcarcd,anii
}'^- . richin Merchandize, butfnbiedtoheat moretlienotherpartsof Pcrfia. Noperfonis

^She'rlcfmhk t'lere permitted to be idle. Hifpaanis thought by fome to be Hccatomnolis: the walls
hath mud'-' 3re a dayes iourney about on horfe-backc; before the grcatcfi, now the RoyallCi-
wallcs. tic of the Pcrhans. It hath a (bong Fort,two Scraglio's,the walls whereof gliftcr with


Chap. 8. ASIA. The fourth ^ooke, 385

red Marble and Pargctofdiuers colours, paued all with Mofaique uorke, all things
elfe combining Maicftie and Louelineffe, Magnificence and Bcautic.The inhabitants,
asdid the ancient Parthians'whofechiefeCitic it lomctime hath becne) buy, fell, talk,
aDdperformc all their publike and priuate affaires on hor(c-backe:the Gentlemen nc-
uergoeonfoot. Sicras is thought to be Perfepolis, it is rich of Trade, and there is the
beftarmourmadeinallthcEaft.of Iron and ftcele, cunningly tempered with the iuice ^. ..

of certainc herbes. ThcGoucrnir.cntofthis State mWarre and Peace, I leauc to > o- \oiiernTdireiil
thers. i.f;.B»/«-ffjCi-ft

Perfian King, eutef Sir Am ho ny S h e s. l e y.

HAuingthus followed the currant of Authors in thcfe Relations of Perfla: there
hath fiaccour former Edition beenc publifhed the Trauells of Sir ./inthony Shtr^
ley into thefc parts (with Sir Robert Sherley his brother) penned by himfclfe : with
fomeextradb whereof to furnifh this Chapter (alreadie tedious) as with a fecend fcr-
uicc after a full ftomackc, will (I hope) rcnue appetite, with the varietic (fofarre fet-
ched and fo deare bought) howfoeuer before cloyed with fulncf^'e : To let pafTc there-
fore thofeworthie Brethren (Worthies indeed in this kinde, beyond the reach and
worth of my blurring praife, and eclipfing commendations) and to come to their Tra-
uell and obferuation. Hauing pafl'ed not without manifold dangers to Aleppo : and
lhencetoBirr,andfodowneEuphratcs;bythe way theyaduenturedtofec the campe ^ , ■.
of^^»r//2-iKing of the Arabs inhabiting the deferts of Mefopotamia,3 poorc'' King ^ This King ^
withtcnortweluethoufandbeggcrlyfubiefts.liuingintentsof blacke haire-cloath, orthe^Turke
well gouerncd. They canft to Bagdat.which is wholly on the other fide of Tygris,cx- whereas they*
cept one Suburb in the Peninfulajto which men palTe by a bridge of boats, euery night on the Wcft-

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 77 of 181)