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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 78 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 78 of 181)
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diflblucd for feare of the Arabs, or ftormes : whence through the bountie of at^Itali- Cde of the Ri-
anMerchant, S>' r/i?tfr/<?5/'m^r«,thcyefcaped (for they were not vnfufpeifled) with "^f '".anhuge
iCarauan of Perfian Pilgrims which came from Mecca. Thircie daies they were on the fin'it numbe'rs'
way to the Confines : aud fifteene from thence toC3sbin,where they flayed a moncth roue,and rob '
attending the Kings arriuall ; being in the meane time well vfed, vpon conceit that the all : the Turkc
King would like well of their comming ; the people otherwife are ill inthemfelues, l^ecping a-
andonely good by example of their King, and ftriift obedience to hrni. For of the an- S^'^ft 'hem
cientPerfians there are few, thefc being the pol^eritie of thofe which haue becne here jj.gj jj,^j \'l
feated by the tranfplantations of Tamerlane and Ifmxel (not to mention any more an- Damafco and
cicnt) out of "Mother Countries. tweluethou-

ThcKin"himfelfe bv our Authors relation, inhis vcrtuesandeouernment, is, adf ^^"'* at Cairo,
fome Philolbpher fliould difcourfe of what flioud be, rather then an Hifiorian declare v, ^^fy'""
what is: as did Xfw/)/3o« <i fbmetimes in his Qr«« : Of thofe imputations of Paticide Bpo^at about
and ambition, not a word. His order of attaining the Crownc, is thus reported. fiue .mdtwen-

The Perfian cufiome being thatoncly theelderbrothcrruleth, the reft are made tie mile. .
bhnde by burning bafons, hauing otherwife all contentments fit for Princes children: 7<'Ni»I'«7.
viheaXa-Tansd^s was dead without ifliie, his brother ( fo hec calleth him , contrarie to 5. <^<"*'«'»'"'j
out former relations) A'rf-Co.'/rf^fwr, was called blindeto the Kingdom, He had iffue ^^^^^ ^c" '
Suhia Hamz,ire il^/r^^Ythe eldeft, whofuccecdcdhim, and this prefenc King called a Somehaiic
t/ibas. The eldeft in his fathers life-time adrnmiftred all things, which bhndnes made fooliiWy be-
the other vnfit for: but -^^^-^e* at twehieyearcsofage,vndcr the goucrnment of Tutors 'eeuedasHi-
held the Prouince of Yafde, where the loue of the people made him fufpc(51cd to his |°"^' ^ .
Father, who fecrctly refolued his death, ylbas by his friends hearing it, fled to Coraian xenophon wiit
•Tartar people on the Eall of Pcrfia, both by their religion and dcpendance,Turkifh, asa I'hilofo-
andof themfclucs otherwife vnquict, and addifted to ipoile. This King honored A- phicall Pocuij
^<Mashisfonne. His father foone after dying, 5«/MM//<iwi./r<r fucceeded, who was ^'•
forced to renue his truce with the Turke, byreafonof the rebtllionof the Turco-
mans, whom by force he fubdued, beheaded their Princes, and for his fccuritie flew
twentiethoufandof the ablefl amonglt them for the vvarres. And then wholly ben-
ding his thoughts againft the Turke, was by treafon flaine by his Barbar. His Princes,

L 1 2 authors



1^^ of the alterations of the State and ^ItgionyZjc. C h a p.j

authoriof chisfaftjfhared his State amongft them, eueryone making himfelfc Lord
of thatProuince whichhcgouerncd: vniting their refolutions againU j4l/a6, whom
alfotheTurke (which had his hand in the bulincfle) had vndertakenfliould bckept
ftiU in Corazan. Abm ncucrthelefle fo wrought, that the King of Corazan difmiffed
him, with three thoufand horfemenjto winne pofleffion of that State,which fincc hath
deuoured the Tartars, and is growne terrible to theTutkc, being no leflc in Extent
then the Turke hath in Alia, and better both peopled, gouerncd, and deuoted to their
Soueraigne. Butitwasnoteafilyatchieued. InSiftancone of theneereft Proiiinces
he was encountered with twcntie thoufand, his troupes cut in peeces, himTelfe forced
to flee to the mountaincs, where he liued three months vnknowne amongft the hcard-
men, flitting vp and downe with ten or twclue followers • Wearie ofthis life, he deter-
mined to fhcw himfelfe in Yafd, his qMondam Prouincc, which fo well fucceeded
that numbers came flocking to him, and f*rr^? Can alfo a great Prince (difcontent
with the prcfent State, no part of which had falnc to him, hauing at that time no Pro.
uinceinhisgouernment, when the King was flaine) referred to him with his brother
and ten thouland followers. They were welcome, but he much more, as a great foul-
dier and a wife Prince. Withthefe forces heeouerchrew his neereft enemies, which
caufedthofeof Shyras, Afphaan, Caflan, afliftcdby the Kings of Gheybn andMa.
zandraii, to gather mighty forces. In the meane time,the Turkes armed at Tauris,and
the Prince oT Hamadan, hauing called in aftrengthof theCourdines, wasmarchiug
towards Casbin. Thus befet with armies, he leaucth Fcrrat Ca^ with Znlpher his bro-
ther and fiue thoufand men in Casbin:and himfelfe with the rert of his power,marched
towards the C<«» of Hamadan. Now did /'frr<if C<?» (according to former agreement
bctvveene the King and him) profclTc himfelfe altered from the Kings part, and vvri-
teth to the Rebels, offering to ioyne his ftrength with theirs, and to mutine the Kings
armicalfo.whichwaslodgedinthemountaines, iufhew to keepetheftraits, indeed
to expcd the eucnt. Thus the Cant aflcmbled at Casbin, and afccr long deliberation,
concluded that it was needleflc and not fafe to call in the Turkes forces and difpat-
chedamcflcngerandprefcnttothcBaffa of Tauris, to referuc his fauoui till a time
more needfull. Hereof Ferrat fcnt word clofely to the King, and of a banquet uhich
fhouldbeathishoufea few [nights after, where the Principalis of the Armiefhould
meet. Hither v4^^ bid himfelfe a gueftjpofting thither with fiue thoufind of hiibeft
horfc, which he difpofed in the mountaine, couered with Ferrats troiipe,expcciing the
appointed fignc: which being giuen late in the night when the whole company was
heauie with wine and flecpe^the King was receiued into the houfe with three hundred
men, where without any vprore he flew feuei'.tic. And nt the brcake of the day the
Kings people made as great fiiouts andnoife, as if all the Armie had beenechcre:
whereat the Alarmc being giuen, all betooke them to their armcs, repairing to Ferrats
lodging to their Princes; whofc heads laced vpon a firing, were there prefentcd to
them out of a Tarras, vpon which the King prefently fl:icwed himfelfe with Fcrrai
^<?«;ZW|pW hauing his fiue thoufand men readie in atroope in the great place. All
thefc things together fo amazed them.that they thought the Kings pardon a high pre-
fermenc.which he freely granted both them,and the fuccours fcnt thither by the Kings
ofGheylan and Mazandran.The reports hereof made Ham^-tdans Arm'ie ro vanini,and
the King tooke order prefently by new C<?w for the gouernmentofthofcparts.He led
hisfouldierstoHifphaan, giuing out that the treafures of the Kingdome were there
laid vp by the Rebels ; a good polhcie to winne it, which with as much pretended in-
dignation he rafed, for failing of his feeming hopes. To fatisfie his fouldiers better,
hce led them againfl the Kings of GhcylanandMazandran, where theeiitianceby
Nature difficulr.thorow the vnpaffable woods and hilles, were made eafie by the re-
uolt of thofe to whom the charge of keeping the Straits was giuen, whofe lines yilnu
had before fpared at Casbin. Thefuccefle was; the two Kings wereflair.e, and the
fouldiers enriched with the fpoile of a Countrcy exceeding fcrtile.thus fubdued to his
Scepter. The people he remoued into other parts of his Dominion, fending the for-
mer inhabitants into Gheylau and Ma^.andtan.

Not long afccr the brother of thatKingof Coraffan, which had becne Tutor to



Ch A p«9- ASIA. The fourth 'Bookei



387



^^<MircbeIIeci againft his br6thcr,anci flew him and all his children, except one, with
whom his Tutors fledde into the Mount^ines. Thisoccafion ey^l'M apprehended for
the fubduingofthatcountrey in the infants right, which (notwithflanding thetrca-
fonsofi^<''"'''2'^)now weary of his former loyaltic, and conffiringwith the Turkcand
Tartar to betray his Mafter to them) he cffedled. Thefc things with larger circura-
flances ^^^ himfelfe related to Sn ^»tho/!te znd Six Kohn. As for his goucrnment,
the fame is there alfo dcfcribed , but I hauc beene too long in the former. Ke hath
pofts once a wccke from all parts.The Vifeiie fittcth in counfcl with the Kings Coun-
cell euerymorning,and the King himfelfceuery Wednesday. The poorcft may offer
him any Supplication, which he rcadeth, regittieth, ordereth. One example of iuliicc
isadmirabic, which he fcntcnccd on the Gouernour of Casbin, conuiiit of many ex-
tortions,biiberics,and other crime<; : That all his goods and lands fhould be folde for
fatisfa<ftion to thofc whom he had fpoyled j and if any thing wanted , fince the Kmg
Ijy giuing him that authoritie,was partly the caufc of thofe exccfl'es , hee condemned
himfclfc to pay the refidue out of hii treafiirie. If any thing adiianced, it fliould be gi-
uentohis children,withagiieuousEdi6l, thatnofuccourfliouldbeminifircd tohim-
fclfc. Ncytherfliouldhc at once end his punifliment by death , but during his life
Vfcare a Yoke like a Hogs-yoke, and haue his earei> & nofe cut off: nor might any rc-
lieuc him;buthefhould get his iiuing with his own hands,that hemight feelcin him-
felfc the mifcric ofpouertie. Thi^ made the Turkes Embaflador there prefent fwearc,
that fuch fortune & fuch vertue mull needs be his Maffers ruine.His bounty to our Au-
thotjhis magnificence otherwife let the Reader there learnc,as likewife his priuate dif-
ports and exercifes. At his entrance into Hiiphaan,the way cs were couered two Eng-
lifh miles with Veluet,Satin,and Cloth of golde, where his horfe fhould pafTe. Hec
feaftedS'r y4»/^o»/e, bcforf his employment in that honourable Embaflage to the
Princes Chriftian ( after the manner » of the auncient feafting vfed by the Perfians)
thirtiedayestogeth r, inaGardenoftwo miles compafTe , vndcr Tents pitched by
fntall rills of water ; where eijefy man that would come , was placed according to his
degree, vnder one or otKcrTO'tjprouided abundantly with meate,fruite,and wine,
drinking as they would.vvithout compulfion. The ioy ofwhichfeaft wasaugmentect
by the Tartars of ''Buckhawrd.yeelding thcmfelues to his fubie<5lion,and by the great
Mogors great offer witb his ejdeftlbnnes daughter, to the young fonne of King A-
^4f in marriage. Butljref^re'the more deiirous,to Sir e^«f^owiirxowne booke ; ha-
uing thence gathered tlij^^ecaufe itdifiereth fo much in lome things from others :
then whom he had farrc better mcancsofintelligence. -.^ ,



Hccari-Teth '
vviih him 5oo<
dogs, and as
many hankes
for all game ;
bparrowes
for FlicSjMar-'
lins tor buds,
Eaeles,&c.
a Bfter. j .^-
thente.l.4.te]is
of r^ 000,
guefts3and4CO
talents Ipenc
in one of thofc
feaftsibuc
that of /tffuertis
was greater,
b Biiciira,ot
Bogharrt.




C H A r. IX.

of the SophUn SeSi^or Per fun Religien^ns it is at thispefent.

T hath beene already fhcwcd, how-thc Saracens had one Calyfa , of
Caliph , whom they cfleemcd the Head of their Religion and Em>-
pire, in right vnto both fuccecding their grand Seducer, fJMahomet :
and how the fourcCaptamcs or Doctors, each ayming, vnder colour
ofRehgion, to further h's ambitious Proieds, made way to difference
ofSe<ft> in the beginning; and in fucceeding Ages the Sword deci-
ded who was rightfull fuccefTour, the pofteritie of each challenging to himfelfc
that right,according as they were able inthcFieldc to maintaincit. Thefe Perfians
affcfled H<«/t, as trueft interpreter of their law , and Lorde of the State, towhome
C^<j^»»»f^gaue his daughter in his life time, and his t/^/wro^ at his death, beeing
hiskinfeman alio by birth; and although, by the violence ot the f ontradiiting Ca-
liphes, they did not alway tnake hecrcof open profefTion, yet eucr and anoni:, as
occafion was offered , this fire brake put , yet neucr into fo great a flam.c, as after
they care 13(59. h^ SofhitGHineytAidar,lfr>Mel^ and their fucceffors, vnto this day:

LI 3 their



588 O/theSophianSeBorferfian^eli^fonfis'C. CHAP.9.

, , . their fcft being that onely of the fcuentic two Saraccnicall ( fo many fomc ♦ account)

CMtacuteHM, which fhall in the Pcrfian cflimation hauc admiflion into Paradife,all the rcft(and why
Cr»p ' ' not thijalfo?) leading to hell.

From that diuifion betwixt the Perfians and Arabians, abowt the fucceflbr of ,,14*.
dec' Tio^i ^"^^ 0^ '* Barriw his relatton,in which the Perfians call thcmfelucs Sia,v,hu h fignr-
«.t .10.C. . j^^j[^jf,gY„jQj,QfQ„p|jQjjg^lju(j|^g^fabians call them iJ/?^rf^»,thatis,Vnrcafonabl#,
and thcmfelucs C«w«jprocccded other fe£l$afrongft the Mabumctans; and amongft
the Perfians jtwo.callcd Camarataznd (JiiMtA^eU, which follow little the faying oftfce
Prophets.but would hauc all proued to them by naturall reafon, not allowing iMofes
or MAhomet any further. There is one fe<ft amongft them.called Malaheda^y^hich fub.
iectethallthingstoC^4//»f*andtotheJ'rrf>r<-/,notto Diuinc Piouidencc. There are
other called Emoz^tdi, which reie<S raar.y things in the Alcoran , and follow the do-
6^rinc ofZ.«W»,the Nephew of ffocfw/econd fonnc of ^A ; ihefe inhabitc on the con-
fines of Pr^-iifrr/ci^^jand inMclinde.

But to come to the common Pcrfians.and to obferuc out oiBarrttu the diuerfitieof

opinion betwixt them and the Arabians ; their Dodors reduce thefc differences into

fcuenteene Condufions. The Perfians fay, That God is the Author and worker ofe-

Dcuill vtiR "^"C good , and that euill commeth from the Diuell : The Arabians fay. That would

doc-euiU:pr bring in two Gods.one of good.thc other of euill : the Perfians fay, That God is cter«

-Diuell,of uall,and that the law and creation of men had a beginning: the Arabians anfwer,That

Aia/3«^®-. all the wordes of the lawe are prayfcs of the workes of God, and therefore etemal!,like

an Acculer or himfclfc : the Perfians fay .That the foulcs of the blcffed in the other world cannot fee

CauUlet, jj^g cffence ofGod,becaufe he is a fpirit of Diuinitic; only they fhall fee his greatncs,

mercie,pitie,and all other good things which he works in the creatures: the Arabians

«nfwer,That they fhall fee him with their eyes , euen as he is : the Perfians fay, That

when yi4<J^«"w^^receiued the law.his foulewas carried by the Angell Gahrtel into the

prefcncc ofGod : the Arabians affirmeitofhisbodie alfo : the Perfians fay,Thatthe

children o(AU, or ty^/le,ind Fatema,3nd their tweluc Nephewes,hauc prcheminence

aboue all Prophets : the Arabians graunt it, aboue all other men « but not aboue the

Prophets : the Perfians fay, that it is fufficicnt to pray thrice a -day vnto God; in the

morning when the Sunncrifeth, which is called 56^; the fccondfDorJ at noone;the

third (Magarei>) before Sunne-fet.becaufeihefc three containe all the partes ofthe

day: the Arabians require twice befides, according to their law,called Hacer^d yi^t.

The refl of their fcuenteene Articles ofditfcrence, mine Author hath not cxf tefFed.

Thefc are fufficient, to fhew that they not only differ about the fy cccfTcrs oi Mahomet,

as /i/*»rf</«af?irmcth,but about Dogmatical! points alfo in their ridiculous Thcolo-

giCj'and interpretation of their law.

Thefc differences hauc continued ofold and ji ng ccntijiuance ; what hath in la*

ter times accrevved hereunto by the Sophian additions of Gw/w and his folio wers,is in

part touched in the former Chapter. Let ?s now take viewiliCteof,aj thefameattlva

prefenthath infe«Sled Perfiaand the neighbouring Regions.

" yHiHiio'iKb » There is rcfident in *Casbin their profane Pricff.callcd Mulfaed-Di»i, that is to fajr,

Thechicfcis *-^^ chiefeofthelaw,who is as the ^w/i'* among the Turkesj and in the other fubied

nowatHif- Cities are certaine peculiar heads obedient to this chiefePricf^.who notwithflanding

paan-Carrw. arenotchofenordifplacedathispleafure.butby ihcKing himfelfe, whofhouldnot

onelybeaKing,butaPriefl,at.<^/»and Mahomet vicic; from whom heechailengeth

fucceflion. And we hauc fhewed before thati/w^tf/was called /J<j/(/<r,or Chalif, thatit,

the Vicar of God. Howbcit,for auoyding ofgrcater trouble, he granteth that fauour,

and puttcthourr that burthen from himfelfe vnto others 5 to whofe iudgcmcnts hee

alfo referreth himfelfe,whenfocucr there is any Confultation orTreatie touching thcit

lawe and religion, Vnder the MuBaed Dim arc the Califs (faith Mirtadot) and thdi

are they that execute their daily Scruice in their Mofchccs Or Temples. The chicfe of

thefc Califs is he that putteth the Home vpon the Kings head when he is firft cmhro-

nized ; a cereinonic now performed in Casbin , becaufe the Turkes forbad it to bit

performed in Cafe,neere rnto Babylon, according to the ancient wont. Other Citirt

alfo hauc a Af«/<?ir^-D/« and Galife,alihoughinfcriour to them of Casbin. Thefc in-

fcriour



Chap.9« ASIA. The fourth "Booh,



3S9



fcriourCalifcs fccmc tr> be Vicars (fo the word fignificth) oiihe MHltaed-lbini.

The difference betwecne the Turke and Pcrfian (as commonly it happeneth in cafe
of Religion) is fo hotely purfucd on both fidss betwixt thcm.that they ney ther vfe mu-
tuallMarriagc,norMerchandife,as fomcaflfirme : there can be no certaine Peace, or
continuing Truce. And if one alters his Religion,ahd turnes to tht other fide.hc is not
receiued without a new * Circumciflon. Baitviuet the great Turke burnt two hundred
Houfes in Conftantinople, infciftcd with this (cdc, together with the inhabitants, and
fct forth a publike Edia againft it. lfmtiei\s faid,in like hatred of the Turkes, to hauc
caufcd aSwine to be nouri(lied,which,in defpight of the Ottoman, he named BtiM^et.
j'flA'Wrfw returning from Amafia.was entertained in the houfeofone ofthisSedt, who
therefore, after the departure ofhis Princc.purificd his houfe with wafliings .perfumes,
and other ceremonies; as if it had beenc polluted with a Turkifli gueft : for which
caufe himfelfe was (laine^andhis houfe razed. But let vs take a further view of this k&
in other Countries.

Neither could it containe it fclfe in the limits of thePerfian Kingdomc, but was
fpread further , and receiued euen in the heart of Turkie, and skirts of India, For a-
mongft other the Difciplcs oiAidar; Chafart Shelift and Schach Cult , afterwards fur-
named Cw/f /^4^,flecing the fiirie of the Perfian King, who had flainc their Mafter, and
perfecuted his followers,came into Armenia A/iwr, and there tookcvp their dwel-
ling at the great Mountaine Antitaurus, at the footc whereof the broken Rockes hauc
manydarke Caucstheworkeof Art partly,partly of Nature} which place of the In-
habitants is called Tekf-ili,'w\\txcoi Schach Cuh was after called Techellis. Here thcfc
two giuing themfelues wholly to a conteinplatiue life , in a ftri<5): aufteritic contenting
thcmfclueswithfuch things as the earth voluntarily afFoordcd , beganne to grow in
knowledge, firft of the Heards-men and Shepheards, after, of the Husband-men and
Countrey people,admiring their new holitieflc. Yea, Baiazet himfelfe, then Emperof
of the Turkes, moued with zeale of their deuotion, fentthem yearely fixe or feuen
thoufand Afpers. Afterwards becomming Fortune-tellers , and prognoflicating
things to come.they were by the fuperftitious people drawne into Villages and Ci-
ties, where they preachedH**/*, according to Aidars doitrine, enioyning theirDi-
fciples the redde Band on their Turbants ; of which the Turkes tearmc them Cufel-
kas,\\\it is, Red-Heads, with which, in (horttime, the Citfes and Townes wcie
filled.

When they were thus multiplied , there met ten thoufand of them at a Faire at Ta-
fcia,orAttaIia, where they executed the chiefe Magittrate; and being perfwadedby
thcfe new Maflers,they fware neuer to forfake their Captains, or refufe any labour for
their moft holy Religton,vowing their foules & bodies in defence thereof. Thcie Cap.
laines not hauing otherwife to maintaine their followers, gauethemleauc to forage
the countrey odioyning, and to Hue vpon the fpoyleof them that wouldnor receiue
thcirncwdoftrinCjwhichthey inmanytroupes , and with many preyes accordingly
performed. They entrcd into Lycaonia, and the people fled outof the countrey into
Iconium. There two Prophets fetvp Proclamations of blclTings to all (uch as would
teceiue their fe<3 ; and of deflrud^ion to the gain-fayers. IfmaeUMb, to encreafe theij
fttength.had lent them fomc troupes of horfe-mcn. In the Toltttke Htfforic which
Crnjim hath giucn vs,in the firft booke ofhis Turcogracia, it is faid, that two hundred
thoufand followed Sack Cules : in this warre Baiazets two nephevves, with the forces
of the countrey ,encountring them in battcll , receiued the ouerthrow: CorcHiM,ihs
fonneof5<«».«*iff,withhis Armiedurft not affaile them. Thus marched they intoBi-
thynia,whereneerevntotheRiu€rSangarius, CaragafejBafa,'V\cexoyofA.iii,ifftoa-
ted them,hauing before commanded yif/jwffi?/, theeldeft fonnc of Baia<.et, to leuie
forces in his gouernment of Cappadocia and Pontus, to fhut them in at their backes,'
But Techellis fi.iitx the lofTe of Icuen thoufand men.and all his enfignes, chafed him out
ofthe field into Cutaie,tbe feat of the Viceroy, where he befieged and tookehim with
his wiues and children : and after being purfued by i/ilu Ba^a,vi\i\\ forces out of Eu-
tope,he impaled this Caragofes in the way on a fharpc flake fafVened in the ground.
Here was hcforced to fight, and his fellow ^^'«/^«'i'/'f/»/irflainei but Techellu iecouc>

fing



Pliil.Camerar,
J.f.Opfukif.

Ctilt iS.ll.

'There be
meanes to
draw vp ifiat
skjnne by Arr,
which may tn.)
dure a new
cutting.



Kltot.r.ti.

SmuiCtmmtik

An-iioo.



^9o OftheSophianSeBorTerltan%elivion,<(sC' Chap, 9

rin" the battcllalmoft loft, left ^fe-ff'?jf<«flaine in the place ; the Turkes fleeing be-
fore him. lomfesBajfawzs fcnt againft him, when hauing loft a great pait of his
flren^th, he had retired his weakened forces into Antitaurus , out ot the Woods and
Mountaincs.cften aflayling the Turkes : whence at laft he fled into Pcrfia. 7fl««/f/cau-
fed ftrait inquifiiion to be made for thefe new Sectaries, doing fuch to death with cx-
quifitetorments.as had borne armcs in the late rebellion, and burned the rcftm the
forehead with an hot iron : and after tranfportcd them, together with the friends and
kinfmen of fuch as had becne executed , into Europe , there to be difperfcd throogh
Macedonia, Epirus, and Pcloponnefus for fearc of a fecor d rcturne of Teche/lM. The
remainder oiTechellts his power, as they fled into Perfia , robbed a Carauan of Mer-
chants ; for which outrage,comming to Tauris,their Captaines were by JJmads com-
mand cxecuted,and Techelln hjmieltc burnt aliuc ; but yet is this k&. clolcly fauourcd

inAfia. r n l l •

We hauc now fccne the proceedings of this Sophian feet , both in Perfia andTur-
kic, both here kept downe,and there eftablifhed by force. To wearered on the low-
er parts oftheir body,were to thefe Red-heads fcarcely piacular. Touching Halt, they

Ccfj3iic{. Ha{. haue diuers dreames : as that when they doubted oiMahtmets fucceffour , a little Li-

tom.u J. jf(j j.3f„g into a Counccll aflembled to decide the controuerfie , and declared that it

\VQi% Mahcmets^\tz'imt,i\izi MortHs Alt,(o'[ Morts Ah) fhoujdbe theman. Hehad
a fword wherewith he killed as many as he ftroke. At his death he tolde them thati
white Camcll would come for his bodie , which accordingly came , and carried his
dead body and the fword, and was therewith taken vp into heauen ; for whofc returnc
they haue long looked in Perfia. For this caufc the King kept a horfc readic fadlcd.and

Somefayitis kept for him alfo a dau^htcrofhis to be his wife ; but fbc died m the yeare one th<?u.

for one of his fg^d fiue hundred icuenty and three. And they fay further, that if he ccme not fliottly,

Nepbewes. they fliall beofourbeleefc.

They haue few bookes,and lefle learning. There is often great contention and mtK
tinie in greatTownes, which oi MortHs Ah his fonnes was gieateft : fometime twoot
three thoufand people being together by the earcs about the fame; as I haue fcene_
(faiih Maftcr Dacket) in Shamaky.and Ardouil,and Tauris.w here 1 haue fecne a nun '
comming from fighting, and in a brauerie bringing in his hand foure or fiue mew
heads, carrying them by the haire ofthe crowne. For although they fliauc their heads
commonly twice a week,yet leaue they a tuft of haire vpon their heads about two foot
longjwhercof.when I enquired the caufe , They anfwered, that thereby they maybe
theeafihercarriedvp into heauen when they arc dead. In praying they turnc to the
South,becaufe Mecca lyeth that way from them. When they be on trauell in the way,



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 78 of 181)