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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 79 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 79 of 181)
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many of them will as foone as the Sunne riieth,light from iheir horles, turning them-
lelues to the South.and will lay their gownes before them, with thtii fwords & beads,
and foftandingvpright doe their holy things, many times in their prayers kneeling
downe and kifling their bcads,or fomew hat elfc that licth before them.
, , .- when they tarncftly 2 ffirme a matter,they fwearc by God, yl/<ik»»if?, and .(!/«•-

fat.Qel. ttuAh, and fometime by all at once, faying, OlU Mmhumet Alt, ar<d fometime

Shaugham^ /.<z,y:^f,thatisby thei'^«?/<'j;/?ej-hcad.y^/'4^ the yongPrince ofPerfia.char*
ged with imputation of trcalon.after other Purgatory ipcechcs , fwai c by the Creator
that fpread out the ayre; that founded the earth vpon the deepes ; that adorned the
heauenwithStarrcs; that powred abroad the water J that n.ade the fircj and briefly,
ofnothing brought forth all things .-by the head oiAh, and by the Religion oftheir

Arthur zd- pjophet j^<iie/Wfr,that he was cleare.lfany Chriftian willbccomc aBofarn an.oronc

vards. oftheir fupcrftition^they giue him many gifts : the Goucrnor ofthe Town appointeih

HaiJomA. j^.^^ ^ hoxiz and one to ride before him on another horfe, bearing a fword in his hand,
and the Bofarroan bearing an arrow in his hand, ridetb in theCitiecuifinghis father
and mother. The (word fignifieth death, if he reuolt againe. Before the Shau^ (ee-
jned to fauour our Nation, the people abufed them very much,and fo hated them,that
they would not touch them.reuiling them by the names o'iCajArsiiXiA Gt.wo'Wjthat is,
Infidcls.or Misbeleeuers. Afterwards they would kiflc their hands, and vie thctirgent*

fiih.Cham. lyandreucrently.Drunkardsandriotoijiperfonstheyhate; for which izvSx.Kicii«ri

lehnjm



Chap. p. ASIA. The four thSooh, 5pi



lohtifon caufcd theEiiglifli, by his vicious liuing, tobceworfe accounted of then the
Rufles.

Their opinions and rites moft-what agree with the Turkifh and Saraccnicall. Their
Prices are apparelled like other men : they vfe cuery morning and after- noonc to "oc ij«f£«;.
rp to the toppes of their Churches, and tell there a great x.^\coi Mahomet and Mortta "

JiU. they haue alio among them certainc holy men called Setes; accounted therefore
holy, becaufethcy, orfomcofthciranceftors, haue bcenc on pilgrimage at Mecca-
thcfc muft be beleeucd for this Saint-fliip,aIthough they lie neuer fo (Tiamefully.Thefc
5f;«vfc to (haue their heads all ouer, fauing on the fides a little abouc the temples,
which they leaue vnfliaucn, and vie to braid the fame as women doc their haire and
wcareit as long as it will grow. lofafa Barbara at Sammachi lodged iii an Hofp'itall, lof.Emb.apU
wherein was a grauevnderavaultofftone, andneerevnto thataman with his beard Kmuf.
and haire long ; naked, fauing that a little before and behmdc he was coucred with a
skinne, fitting on a pecceofa matte on the ground ; I (faith he) falutcd him and de-
manded what he did : he told me he watched bis father : I asked who was his father*
He, quoth he,that doth good to his neighbour : with this man in this fepulchrc I haue
liued thirtic yeeres : and will now accompany him after death j and bein ^ dead be bu-
ried with him : I haue feene of the world fufficient, and now haue detcrmirifed to abidi
thus till death.

Another I found at Tauris on All-Soules daj', in the which they alfo vfed a comme-
moration of foulcs deparced,neere to a Sepulchre in a Church-yard; hauin<» about him
many birds, efpeciallyRauens and Crowes : I thought it had beene a d°ad corpfe
but was told it was a liuing Sain t, at whofe call the birds rcforted to him and he ^aue
ihem meat. "

Another I law, \\\\tn J.ftmhei was in Armenia, marching into Perfia againft Sig-
xnox latrfa. Lord of Perfia and Zagatai, vnto the Citie of Herem ; who drew his ftaffe
in the difhes wherein they.ate, and laid certaine words and brake them all : the Sultan
demanded what he had laid : they which heard him, anfwcred, thathefaidhefhould
bevi6iorious, andbreake his enemies forces, as he had broken thofedifhes : where-
upon he coiiimanded him to be kept till his returne j and findmg the eucnt according,
heyfcdhim honorably. When the Sftltamode thorow theficlds,hewasfetonaMulc
and his hands bound before him, becaufe hee was fometimc accurtomed to doe fome
dangerous fojly : at his f.-ec there attended on him many of their religious perfons, cal-
led Darn-fe. Thefe mad trickes he vied according to the courfc of the Moone, fome-
times in two or three dales not eating any thing, bufied in fuch fooleries, that they
\\'ere faiue to binde him : He had great allowance for his expenfes.

One ofthoie holy men there was, which went naked like to thebeafls, preaching
their faith : and hauing obtained great reputation, hee caufcd himfelfe to be immured
in a wall fortie dales, there to abide without any fuftenance : but when this time was
expired, and fome wondered, one more nofe-wife then the reft, fmelled the fent of
flelh ; the Sulca>t hearing it, committed him and his difciple to the Cadilafher.who by
torments crufcd them to confeflc the coufinage ; for, thorow a hole which was made
in the wall by a caue, he had broth conueied tohim, and therefore they were both put
to death : 1 n the yeerc 1478, Chozamireehza Armenian, being in his fhop in Tauris,
an Azi or Saint of theirs came to him,and willed him to deny his Chriftian faithrhc an-
fweted liim courteouily, and prafed him not to trouble him : but when he perfifled,he
offered him mony ; the Saint would not haue the mony,but importuned his firft fute :
Cbtz^amirech faid he would not deny bis Chriftianfaith : whereupon the otherpluc-
ked a fword out of a mans fcabard which l^ood by, and with a wound w hich he "aue
the Armenian in the hcad.killed him,and ranne away. But the Armenians fonne com-
plaining to the Sttttan, procured his apprchenfion at Meren, two dales iourney from
Tauris : and, being brought before him, hee with a knife killed him with his owne
hands, and caufed him to be caft on a dung-hill for the doggcs to cat ; faying. Is this
the way to encrcafe the faith of Mahomet ? But when fome of the more zealous peo-
ple went to one Darmfcaffkri, which was in guarding of the fepulchre of JJfhmiei the
tonrntSuhaf!, and (as it were) Prior of the Hofpitall, acd requefting of him, obtai-

ncd'



59i



Of the Sophian Seci or ^er/ian %eli^iony<(^c. Ch ap.^.



ned the bodietoburie it: the 5»/fi?» hearing it, fcntforhim, andfaid to him, Darcft
thou countermand my coinmands ? Away and kill him ; v\'hich was fuddenly difpatch*
ed.Hcfurthertobe rcuengcd ofthepeople.committedthe Towne to the fackc,wh;ch
for the fpace of three or foure houres was done. And then he forbad further fpoile^and
fined the Towne in a great fummc of gold. Laftly, he caufed the Armenians fonneto
come before him, and with many kinde words comforted him. This long hiftoric I
haue infcrted, to fhew the extremitie of blindc z.eale, and religious furic in the feculat
.and votaries of thefe Perfians, if iuftice fhould not withftand their rage.

Before is mentioned the comrFtcmoration of their dead, which is thus performed
ouer their fepulchres. Thither refort great multitudes of men and women, old and
yong,which fit on heapcs with their Prtc(ts,and with their candles lighted: the Priefti
cither readec^; pray in their language ; and after caufc to be brought fomewhattoeai
intheplace : the place containethbetweene foure and Hue miles : the pathes which
leade thither are full of poore people, which begge almes, fome of whom offer to fv
fome praier for their bencfadors. The fepulchres haue ftones vpon them ingrauca
with the names of the buried parties : and fome haue a Chappcllof ftone thereon, '

lof. Barb. At Merdin hec faw a naked man, which came and fate by him, and pulling forth a

bookc, read thereon, and after drew neerc and asked him, whence hee was ; heean-
fvvercd, a ftranger : I alfo am a Granger, faith he, of this world, and fo are we all ; and
therefore 1 haue left it,with purpofe to goethus vntomint end; with many words be-
fides touching mcekencflc, and the deniall of the world. He faid, I haue fcenc a great
part thereof, andfindenothing therein that contents me, and therefore haue determi-
ned to abandon it altogether. To this Merdin a man cannot pafle, but by a way made
of ftone, continuing a mile : at the head thereof is a gate and way to the Towne ; and
within the Towne is another hill with a like way of fiue hundred pales in hcight.There
is an Hofpitall for entertainment of all ftrangers,madebyZM«^;>^(7«, the brother of
Vfuncajfan : and if they be of better fort, they are entertained with carpets fprcad
for them, worth an hundred ducats a pcccc : and vidtuals for all commers.

VVe might heere take further view of the;r flately Temples, theirgrcat and popu-
lous Cities, and other things worthy obfcruation, if that our Turkifh Hiftory had not
related the like alfo among them,cfpecially touching the petfons and places religious.

a Vuciiet. Forthereft I referre the Reader to other Authors. "The wonders ofNature in ihefc
pans arc : necreBachu, a fountaineofoile continually running, and fetched into the
farthcft parts ofPerfia : and another neerc Shamaky, ofTane, w hereof wee had qood
vfe and proofe in our fhip. Hcereabouts you (hall haue in the fields, neere to any Vil-
lage in the night, two or three hundred Foxes howling. K'ne they haue likeour.,and
another fort great boned andleane, as hard-fauoured as thofc which TharachdKi.
medof. In Perfiagroweth great abundance of Bombafin cotton : tliisgrowcthoni
cenaine tree or brier, not paft the height of a mans wafle.with a (lender (lalkc 1 ketoi
brier or carnation luly-flower, with very many branches, bearing oncucry braiichi
fruit or cod round, which when it commeth to the bigncffe of a wall-nut, openeth and
fhewcth forth the cotton, which groweth Hill like a fleece ol vvooll, to the bigncfl'eof
a mans fift, and then being loofe is gathered : the feeds are flat, and blacke, as bigge as
peafe, which they fow in their fields and plowed ground in great abundance. The pre-

Sir Ant.Sher, fentKing y4l>M (more, as it feemeth, in policie, to fecurc himfelfeof fadtions, anda-
gain(hhe Turke, thcnconfcience) is a grearperfecutor of thatfcift oi Aiah, which
foUowcth the interpretation of 1^,7»« and Omar. This hee labours to extirpate and
make odious : hauing in vfe, once a yecre with great folemnicie to burne publikeiy (as
niaineherctikes) the images of FJfen 2nd O'war. Then doth hec caufe his greatmcn
publikely,infcorncofthcirin(^itution,togoewith a flagon of wine,carried by a foot-
man ,and at euery village, or where they fee any alTembly ofpcople, to drinke : which
himfelfe alfo vfeth, notforlouc of the wine, butto fcandalize the contrary religion.
Yet are there ofthcgreate(i,exceedingprecifeTurkes, if they durftfhcwit,

InaUiKr ot fohn ffard, written iiiTauris, May 14, i6o'^ this King is blamed fot

. jy,^f making flaucsofpoore Armenians,and forcing many toMahumetifme.pulIingdowne

M.Himod. Churchcs,and vling more rigour then the Turke.



Chap. io. ASIA. ThefoHrtlBooh.y^'r-''. "'.V ^pj

1 Had thought I had ended this Chapter and our Pcrfian Expedition ; but our good
fticndsthc lefuiteswouid needs enrertaine your weariecics, withreadingan csploit

oftheirs, related by'' one, fomctimei their fellow CathotikCj now (I hope) oiirtclloW ^ ulmccpley

Chiiftian. For the credit of this honcft and loyall (if their'/»o»f/? returne not with a ffon his Dt-aunaU

eft, and loyall with a lie-all) focietic.was a French pamphlet by them djfpcrfcd (a little Qv„{ruajjons

before the Powder treafon) alnongft their Catliolikc friends in England, reporting concerning "

the miraculous conuerl^on oftheKingbfPerfia by one Camfi.in ileimic an Englifh- Rcligion.p.Sj.
man, that had expelled aDcuill out of a poflcfledparticj and commanded the Deuill

at his departure to giue a (Tgne thereof, by ftVikingdowne the t<-ip of a (teeple. Which .
being eifedtcd, the Kings conuerfion followed, together with many of the Nobilitle,
to the Roman faith ; Jibcrtic alfo being granted to preach it openly, and to build
Churches and Mfcnafteries thbrowout the kingdome. This was bcleeucd in England,
efpccially by a friend iof our Authors, vnto whom that pamphlet was fcnt,who reque-
ued him to fay M^fle in thankfgiuing to God forfo great a benefit. But in the end,
that lefuite who fent the Pamphlet, gai:e out^ that it was but a thing dcuiled by French
Hugonets,todifgracctheirlbcietic. Graciousfocictie! thatcanfometinic curetheir

lics'with a diftindtion ofpiafritudes, ^ fometime couer them with a robe of the new fa- ' Deuout Je-i

fhion, iy^djniuecatto» : fome times can expofc their baHards at other mens doorcs, to "'"•#\^'""'«

ihieldthemfelues from fliame with laying theblam.e on others ; andhaue a mint in 'uneatulmc'?

their pragmaticall heads of fuch fupeifubtlc muentions : what are they now difgraced, Had cuer an/

and that by Hugoncts ? Eucn as truly as the Parliamcnt-houfe fhould baue beene but a Icfuite

blovvncvp'by Puritans <) (this alfo wai the Ignatiansdeuice) orliketo thatnewesof difp^nfation

the late Qiiecne, e whofe Ambafladors were at Rome for the Popes Abfolution : or '"'^""y -jc-

thatoffifi-s^;- recantation, and Geneuaes fubmiflion to the Pope: Wtc^eAfgndtiw, deceit Gotj-

(let me alfo inuoca:c, or let him deigne to reade in that all-feeing glaffef this poorc lintfTcand

fupplication) infufe fome better fpirit, or fome cleanlier and more vvittie conueiance Coufcnage to«

atlcafl:, into thy new progenie, left the Proteftsntsgroflcr wits fent, fee, feelc the pal- S^'her?

pablenefle, and impute the Icfuiticall courfes to that Auihor which faidhe R Tvouldgoi '^ ^l^^^^u^^^^

out andbe a lyinglpirittn the month o/<i/?Achabs Prophets, which, h ivhei he fpedkfth 4 Tiaitors.

lie, (peaketh of hu owne^hecAufe he is alter, and the father thereof. Hitherto v\eetooke c Relat.of

Jgnattits for their father, but now we finde a new, ofwhom they borrow Bankruptly Religion,

(hifcs, befeemingonely the Merchants of Babylon, difgracinghumanitie, defacmg ^ %«''"»

dignitie, woithily '■^raungedamongFt the foore follides of theHoffntallofthe deff>erate. J"'l^„^t

Since alfo, lapfonifu in his Mercunm Gallohelgicus hath told vsnewcs of the Kings h iub.i.^±'.

grant to build a Temple and Monafteric for Chriftians, himfelfe, ashefaith, muchen- ^fof.iS.ij.

dining to that religion: whereupon many haue becne baptized, and not a few through ' Sir Ed. Sands

the power of holy- water, *haue \reev.e cured. The King hath further fent to iheGe- Rd^t. ofReli-

orgians to vnitethcm to the Rom fh Church : and the Armenians alfo by an embaf- vi'cft'""*

fage to Rome haue protefkd all obedience to that Sea, as they before had done in the A.J.Mm.Gal,

CoucmofS. yiagu/iiKe, which isinthe chiefeCitie ofPerfia. Hecfettethdownethe ^c-to.
copie ofKmg v^/vtj his letter to the Pope, wherein heerequefteth him to fend a Pre- Whocau

late to gouerne at TresEccleJia, where thechicfe of the Armenian Cbriftiansvfed '""^^ I'i c

torcfide. Thelikehe writeth in another letter to the KingofSpaine : which, ifitbe i^\^a> ~

fo, argucth rather his policie, to obtaine good will and helpe of the ChriHians againll sa. 1 6o9,
theTurke, then any louc to Chriftian religion.

C H A P. X.

oftheScjthmSj SarmatianSy andSereSyandof their Beligion.

Nder the name ofScythia, is contained a very great part of the world :
\t\No,$A\\nAeA'mio ScythiaEtiropia,^v\A AJiatica, T/>»j a faith, that a P/;»./.4c.i».
this name reacheth vnto the Sarmatians and Germans, and to thofe
farthcfi: Nations, which were vnknowne to other men. And Strabo iu
his firft booke faith, that all knowne regions towards the North were
called Scythians or Nomadesjand in his elcuenth booke he affirmeth,

that




^94



of the ScythknSt Sarntatiaris and Seres ^ e^r. . Ch ap .lo.



b Sc'yiha &S

C-ell:iS /i.iS. 14,
c Plm.lj.c ^6.
fiiih that 5f y-
ifofi, fonneof
Iiifiter, inucn-
ted the bow
and arrowcs.
d Cata Annif
de or'ig. & ttp,
A Rucobon,
t Pfeudop.ero-
(ui,lib. 1. cirj.

f Hertd.llb.^.
1)iod.SK.lib.x.



g Ortd.rhtf.



h Olm.ln Mela,
Oitet. Thef.gea.
t Gorop.Becce-
fcl.



ihat the Greckes called atlthofeNortberiieNations, Scythians, and Celtofcvthians.
Thofe beyond the Adrintikcand PontikeSeas,andihcRiuerlrtcrorDanubiti's, were
called Hyperborei, Sauromataj, and Arimalpi : thofe beyond the Cafpian Sea, Sacse
and Maflageta?. Some '° will haue this name to be giiicn them e/^V^^ mCl^iSK,, which fi^-
nificch to be angry : Others of their Shooting,'^ called ftill of fomc of thofe Nations,3nd
in fomc other languages, 5c^;(rf^/7, ofvvhichour word Shoot is deriued : A'feia'mhvt
third booke and fifth chapter, calleth them all Sagx ; and in the fragment which be*-
reth the niivnc oi ^ Cato de OrigintbM, \smev\t\onc6.SeythiaSaga : this word S"^?-*,
Berefuf ' intcrpreteth aPrieft : faying, that '>{^£>^^ left to the Scythian Armenians hit
rituall books, which only PrieRs,and that only among Prie(t?,might rcadc,who were
therefore called^^i^.t, isl^ah himfelfehad bcene. Thefe peopled the countries from
Armenia to theBadrians,all which place was called Seythta Saga-,' oucr which j'^^w-
tiH6 reigningin the time of /uptitr^e/i^, ^raxa with his fonnc Scytha pc{(effed all
from Armenif VVeftward, to Sarmatia in Europe. The Grecians fable Herctt/estobe
the father ot thefe Nations,begetting (Scythes ona mon(kr,vvhofevppcr halfc refenii
bled a Woman, the nether part a Viper. Jt were an cndleffe and boundleflc worke,to
feeke and fet out the true and proper beginnings and bounds of this fo large a Tra6lof
the world, called Scythia : the particular Nations of them would be but harfli to recite
out of Piirty, Mela, Strabo, and others ; the multitude whereof he that will may finde
in S Ortehm bis ThcfturH6 collefted togcthcr.Thc Sarmatnr, or Sauromat::e, are fome-
timc made one pecnliarpeoplc of the Scythians : and fomctimes the names arc con-
founded, Sarmatia alfo being diuidcdintoEuropaea and Afiatica, wbercoftheoneis
interpreted by ^^ Oltttems, Palonia^ by Ortehm, Rujfia, and the other Tartana.

Goropiw ' in his 5tffC(f/<r/^»<« admiring his owne language, coniedureth that while
A^mroijand his company teWtoTai'e/, or after our pronunciation, Babble at Babel,
others, namely, the Cymbrians.orpofteritic ofCow^^ftaied flillinMargiana,acoun-
trey fruitfull ot Vines ; whither hee imagincth Neah defcendcd out of the Arke, and
there abode aficr the Floud. Thcie hee (uppofeth^ being not at Babel, retained their
old and firft vniucrfail langun ge. But Margiana growing too little for their multiplied
nuT.bcrs, they v\cre forced to fend out Colonies. And thus the Saxons, Tetflofages,
Sauromatx, Getes or Gothes, the Danes, Galles,and other ScythianNationSjthc true
pofteritic of(j<>»«^»', and keepers of the firft languagejas he by Dutch Etymologies i^a-
thercth, peopled both Scythia and Sarmatia in Afu, and Europe together with all Ger.
manie, France, England, Norway, Denmarke, and fome parts of Afia Minor. He that
will be further informed of his Reafons, let himtcadc hit Sax«>:tca Gotodantca, tai
other Trcatifcs ot his 'Beccefelaniayi Antiquities.

"^ Ttokmej diflinguiflieth Scythia from Sarmatia : he confineth Sarmatia Europxa
with the Sanratian Ocean, and the land vnknowne on the North : vvith Viftula on the
Weft : the Eafternc border is Tanais : from whence vnto the Hircanian fca Eaftward,
is Sarmatia Afiatica, on the North abutting on the vnknowne parts of the earth, on
the South with the Euxine fea, and a line drawne right f or» thence to the Cafpian fca.
Scythia is by ' him placed to the Eaft ofSarmat a, diuided by the hill Imaus, extending
vnto the region called Scrica, hauing on the North vnknowne places ; on the South,
the Saci, Sogdiana, Margianaand India. But ourpurpofc is to take them heere in
their more generall fenfc, vnderftanding all the North parts of An3,now Tartaria Afi-
atica, (forotEuropc.fauing wherein the European Scythians agree with the Afian,wc
are not now to fpeake : ) And ofthefe, firft to confider their ancient Scythian rites,and
in the next place their later Tartarian appellation and religion.

/«/?/» n' out ofTrtgtu rclatcth the arguments vfed of the Egyptians and Scythians,
cachfeeking to challenge to thcmfelues, to be the ancier.teft of^ Nations : in whicti
qviarrell the Scythians preuailed. Their manners and cuff omcs he thus reportcih. They
haue no limitation oflands, nor tillage, nor houfe, but al waies wander thorow places
not inhabited, feeding their hcards and flockes. They carry their wiucs and children
■with them on carts, which alfo being couered with hides, they vfe for houfes. No of-
fence is more hainous amongft them then theft : gold and flucr they asmu>hcon-
icmne,as others dcfirc. Milke and hony is their food j their cloaihes, skins ofbcafts

for



kPrfl/.//i.3.r.y.



1 Ptall.e.CM-



m luUin.llb.i.



Chap. 10. ASIA, The fourth Ijooke, o^e



for the vfeofwooll they know HOC. They hauc three times fought the Empire of Afia,
neucr conquered of others. They chafed Daritu the Perfian King out of their coaft; :
they flew Cjrfu with ail his armic : they ouerthrew Zopyron a Cap taine of ^ylUxander
the Great with all his forces. They oncly heard of, ncucr felt the Roman armcs, and
themfelues founded the Parthian Empire.

That which credulous and fabulous antiquitic hath reported,of rhe monftrous peo-
ples inhabiting the Northerly and vnknownc parts ot Scy thia, ix not heere to be reci-
ted the countries being at this time difcouered, and knowne tohaucnoluch men, as
either by nature are balde and flat nofcd, with huge chins ; or hauc but one eye, where
there are alfo Gryphons keepers of their treafurcs, or men with Goats feet : or other
monfters <^mei\,\\h'.ch " PUk^ ^Hcrodonu and others.haue rather mentioned then be- n P!m nb.7.
leeued ; Maniieuil znd Mur.Fler {ollowing them in like relations.Ncxt to thcfe both in SoUnMcap.zo.

place and credit, we may reckontheHyperboreans,ofwhom the Dclianso report that o umdMb.^.
they fent to Vclos virgins with facrifice to Lacina.honad vp in whcat-ftraw: through Pm/c'ciotHiu in
fo many Nations inhabiting bctwecne.Ofthelfledones is rcportedjthat when one di- '''flonaAfie,



cth, his kindred bnngthitherbeafls, which they kill.andcut.anddrcfle, andeattogc- ""'"^^'^ ^hls
thcr with theflefh of the dead man,whofe skull alfo they keepc and gilde.vfing it as an tn.'^bJcTpA.
idolljto which they performc y carely c ercmonies : thele exequies doth the fonne there cum mit. Her. '



pcrt'orme to his dead father. Generally of the Scythian religion thus. Of the gods,thcy

>vorfliipfirflr<ri?^,vvhom they call inthcir language T^^/f/: next ofa]l/;!<^/rfr,in their
fpeech PapdM, and the Earth fuppofing her to be the wife oUnpiter,2nd call her ^pui.
In the next place they worfliip ./4p//«and^f«/«,by the names oCOetofjru^, znd tyir~
timptipi,at\d Mars and Hercules. Some of them facrifice alfo to Neptune fix Thamima.
[odes. Images, Altars andTemplcs,thcy thinkc ought not to be made .except to Alars.
Their manner of facrif cing is generally this : The faciihce is prefcnted with the fore-
feet bound, the Sacrificcr at his backchauing laid a'idc his holy veflment,woundeth
the fame, and while it falleth,caili> vpon that god to whom he facrificeth; and then put-
teth a halter about the nccke, and ftrangleth it,without kitidling any fire, or vowin'^,
orother ceremonic, and flayeth it ; the fiefli plucked from the bones, he cafleth into a
great Caldron, the bones he vfeth foT fcwcll to feeth the fame (for wood the Countrie
doth not yceld ; ) And if they haue not any fuch veflell, they put all the flefli with wa-
ter into the paunch, and fo the beaft doth feeth it felfe. After it is boylcd, he which la-
crificcdoftereththelibaments.or offerings of the flefli and inwards: their facrificcs
»re, bclidcb other bcafts, efpecially of horfcs.

Their Temples to Cigars theybuildcon this manner. They hcapc together bun. Scythian Tcra,
dlcsof twigges three furlongs in length and breadth, and aboue on them is made a pics,
fquareplaine, three (ides thereof are vprighr, the fourth ism.adeflope, and bcnding-
wifc.thereby to get vp : thither they bring cuery ycarc an hundred and fiftie waiiics of
twiggestofupplie the wafteofthem, Vnderneath this worke is erc6t.cd an old iron
fwoid,and this is their Image of Mars, to which they offeryearcly facrifices, both of
other cattell and of horfes: andmoreiothisblade then toother gods. Of their cap-
tiues they offer one of an hundrcd,l-ut after another manner. For after thty hauc offe-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 79 of 181)