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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

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Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 80 of 181)
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red wineoniheirheads, they kill them by acertaine vcflcll, and after iifcini^ them vp-
on that their heape orTemple,they embrevv the Sword-god with the bioud.This they
doe abouc: beneath in the Temple they cut- off all the riiju fhouldersof theflaine
nicn,andhurlethem vp in ihe aire together with the hands; wherefoeuer the hand
(hall fall, there it lieth, and the dead bodie apart. When they haue performed all their
folemnities they de; ait. Swine are fo odious to thenijthat they will hauc none of them
nouriflied in their Countrey.

There are among themDiuiners.whofe rites are thefe. They bring great bundles of Scythiaa DW
U'illow twigges.which they lay on the ground,andvntie, and laying tlicmafunder one uination.
by one, diuine. Some of them praiflifc diiiination with the leaues of the Tcil-irec
which they fold and vnfold in their hands. The King, when at any time he fallcth lick
fcndeth for three choyce men of thofe Diuiners; who for the mofl part name fome
man vntohim,which hath forfwornc himfel[e,hauingfworneby the Kings Throne aa
oath vfed ofche Scythians ; prcfcntly the man is brought forth,who,ifhc denicth vvhat

M m their



596



Of the ScjthianSj Sarmattans and Seres , (i^c. Chap .10.






their art hath accufed him of, the King fcndeth for twice the number of Diuiners : and
if they by new prai^lifc of their art findc him guiltic,his head is cut off,and the fitlt Di-
uiners fhare his goods : but if they fliall abfolue him,morc Diuiners arc fent for; and if
the moft of them doe abfolue him, then thofc three firft arc thus done to death. They
lade a waine with twiggcs,and binding the Diuiners hand and foot,and flopping their
mouthcs,caftthem into the waines, and fet all on fire, burning oxen, waine, and men
together, vnlefle fome of the oxen by the burning of their harneflc cfcape. Thispu-
niSimcnt inflict they on their falfe Prophets. They make their leagues with other Na«
tions in this fort. They powre wine into a great bowlc,mixing therewith the bloudof
them which ioync in IcaguCjCutting fome part of ihe bodie with a knife or fword; and
then dip in that bo wle or mazer a fword, arro wcs, an axe,3 dart^ and after gurfe them*
felues with many words, laO of all drinking the wine. Nicefhcrm' gregeraiKhtn)x
the Scythian Cuflomes and Expeditions, and their contempt of gold and ignorance of
the vfe of it. Thefe on the one |-ide,and the Ghriftians on the other, forced the Turkey
which were alfo a kind of Scythias, to fettle thcfelucs as they could, in the parts of Me-
fopotamia,ChaldaEa,& Aflyria.where they left their own,and learned the rites and cu-
ftomes of the Mahumetans.Their Kings arc buried amongft the (jcrThi,W\\\\ many ce.
remonics carrying the dead bodie through all the Countries ouer which hee raigned,
which cut and fh3uethemfelues;and with him is buried his beft belouedParamour,hi$
Cup.bcarcr,Cooke,Maner of his horfe,Waiter,Mcirenger,Hories,and the firfl fruitsof
all other thi ngs,and al fo golden Cups : and then caft on earth, nuking a very great hill.

When the yearcisgonc about, they take fiftic of his principall attendants, which
are not flaues, but free-borne Scythians, and ftranglc them with fo many horfes of the
beft.andfaften the dead men on the dead horfes with much (olemnitic. But to relate
all the particulars hereof, and their buriallsalfo ofpriuatemcn (whofc dead bodiei
are carried about foniedayes, from one friend to another, cntcrta ned euery whett
with fe.'fts, &c,) would be too tedious. He that would haue a fight of thefe things.la
him rcfori to Thsmnfo Torcacchi his Fmteralt Anticht, where thefe things arc noton»
ly difcourfed in vvords,butdcfcribcd in artificial! pufturcs.

The Scythians fo farre hate forren Rites and Religions, that yinacharjis, a ScythJM
Phi!ofopher,hauing trauelled through a great part of the world, and vowed to the mo-
ther of the gods,if he returned home in iafetic.that he would facrificc to her with fuch
Rites as he had feenc obfcrucd in CjfzJcus : in the performance of his vow, was (laine
by King5o«///».

59' /«p alfo being King of the Scythian$,whcn he brought in forren Rites, andob-
ferued the madde Bacchanal folemnitics, which he had feenc among the Grcekes, loft
both hiskuigdomcand life, q They cut off the nofes of men, and imprinted piilutei
intheflefliof women.whom they ouercamc : and generally their cuftomes of 'warre
were bloudie : what man foeucr the Scythian firH t2keth,hc drinketh his bloud ; heof-
fereth to the King all the heads of the menhehathflaineinbattell: otherwife he may
not fliarc in thefpoiie:the skiiines oftheir crownes flayed off,they bang at theirhotfe-
bridles r^ their skinnes they vfe to flay for napkins and other vfes, and lome, for cloi-
ihing. Once ayearethechicfe men haue afolemnitie amongfl them, in which they
powre wine into a Mazor,of w hich none may drinkc.w hich hath not flainc aner.emy.

Theie cuflomes were generall to the Scythians in Europe and Af^a (for which caufc
^Sc)tharumfactnorafatrare,gxfw into a proucrbc of irnmanecrucltie.and their Land
was iuflly called " Barbarous) : others were more fpeciall and peculiar to particular
Nations Scythian.

Of the Barbarous » crueltieofthe Scythians, the fea confining was called £«*"««'»
by the contrary, as the furies were called Et:me*iidts, faith Ammianns^ bccaufe they fa-
crificed flranger$to7)/<t»<»,whomthcy worfliipped vnderthen3meofOr/;/<?c^*,aii<J
hangcdvp theirheadson the walisoftheirTemples. The He I.i'Wftf.neerc loTiHrici,
was dedicated to ey^chJles, where none of his dcuoutworfhippersdurfl abide intht
nighc-timc;t"or none might Ipcnd the night od fhorc without danger of his Wfe.JrfiO'
nm in his Pert^tm (or failwg abopit) of the Euxine fea, fpeaketh of this Hand, and the
dcuotioDS therein performed to ^e<&i/fci and /'(jtrcc/w: that ccrtainc birds kcepc th:

Temple,



p Vh.Camtrar,
Med. htExent,
1. 58, yet the
Turkes(iheir
of-rpring)hold
diucrs Religi-
ons,

q Athenteuillh.
II. Cap t.
r Hcredot.Ub 4.
i'PlmJiu.7.c,i.



t V(ilybhi?l.l.9,
U Barbara nee
Scylhtx tetlui^
ib-cTibuLlib.j.
s /l.Har.ltZi,



Chap. 10. ASIA. Tbefourth'Book.e,



5P7



Templc,watcring and fwceping the fame with their wings, & the Goats which feed ih
the He there prefentthemfelues for fncrificc, when the price is firftpaid at the Altar to
the contentment of that Dcitie, or Diuell, whofe illuilon (ifnot others collufion)it
jtiuft needs bee: Butbccaufe this Hand adioyneth to Europe, Imuftforbearcthefe
thines till another time. He alfo defcribcth the Nations, both in Afia and Europe,
which abutt round about that fca,/or»*«<^(fj-»bringcththcfcScythans bordering from
Scanzia (fo he calleth that Peninfula, which others name, Bafilia, Scandia,Scandina-
uia &c. Wherein are the Kingdomes of Sweden, Gothland and Norway) and attribu-
teth to the Goths thofe warrcs, which the Egyptians and Perfians arc faid to haue
made againft the Scythians. NeeretoMiotisKing f/Z/WKTr planted himfelfe and his
followers ; in t)acia,Thracia and Mzfia, Zamolxes who was alio a great Philofophcr.
Thefe and the reft were not only a terror to the skirts of Afia, but to the heart of Afri-
ca and Europa,in proceflc of time facking Romc,and fhaking that Roman Monarchic
almoft to the ^xonwA.Simocatu ^ in his Maurician Hiflory giucth the preeminence of
Martial valour,amongft the many many Scythian Nations to the Abares.C^^^<i««/ the
Scythian King.fcnt Embaffadors to MauriciHs,v^\ih an Epiftlc.whereih he flileth him-
felfe Goucrnor of feucnNations,and Lord of the feuen Climats of the world. He con-
quered the Abdela? or Nephthalite$,the Abates (fomc of which fled to Tangaft to the
Turkes) and the c Ogor-Nation which dwell by the Riuer Til (or Volga) whofe anci-
entPrinccs were called ff4r, and Ci«ww>.He conquered affo the Prince of Colch, in
which warre he (lew three hundred thoufand people, their carkaflci lying fcattercd
fouredayesiourney.Hcfubducd alfo the Turkes at thehilllcar,which is foure hundred
miles diibnt from the golden mountaine: fo they call a mountaine in the Eaft,becaiifi
ofthe fertility and ftore of cattell thcrein:which alwayes the greateft Chagsn amongft
the Turkes pofleffeth. For Chagan is not a proper name, but a Princely title, which in
thofe parts and the Countries adioyning is ftill continued : the Tartars calling their
Princes Chttn (which ^ fomc.perhaps falfly .write CloMm) and the Perfians and Turkes
fiill vling that title. Thefe Turkes vanted thcmfelues ncucr fubiecft to Earth-quakcs or
Peftilencc.They cal their Prieft T<»'yi»,tb«'S.the fonne ofGod.Their religion I hauc
before mentioned. They haue a tuftome that the males neuer wearc gold. This Qtic
wasdiuidedby aftreamc, which fometimes feparated two difagrceirig Nations, no
leffe diHinguifiied by their dfioyned minds and differing habitcs, the one wearing
blacke,the other rcd,Thi$Gttie,thcyfiy,was built by tAlextmitr^ when he had ouer-
comethe Sogdians and Bafttiins.The Kings wines fliining with lewels^are carried in
golden chariots, each drawnc with one Bull, the bridles emboffed with gold. The
Prince (as is faid clfew here) ^ent the night with feuen hundred women. Fame attri-
but«hanothcrC!tie,notfarrBhence,to>4/cA-d«^<rr, called Chubdan, The Prince ther-
ofbeingdead, hiswiucsinblatfke, withfhauen heads, continually mournc, and may
neuer forfakc the Sepulchre. Thefe hauc many Elephants, and traffique with the Indi-
ans which dwell Northwards, and make Silke. Thus much I thought worth the ad-
ding out o'i SimocAtta, for better knowledge both of the Turkifh and of the Tartarian
Hiftorie, as well as ofthe Scythian,

The Ma^AgttA, e famous for the ouerthrow of Cj^m, cfteeme the Sunne alone for

God, andoffervntohim a horfe. They hauconc wife to each irian, and yet cuery one

vfeth alfo his neighbours wifeopenly, hanging meane while his quiueronthc waind

or cart : The belldeath, and mofl happy amongft thcm,is .when they are become old,

to be cut in pieces, and to be eaten together with fheepes flcfli:if he die naturally,thcy

buriehim in the earth.as dying a bafe and bcaftly ^ dcath.Their weapons are of brafle,

theirfurnitureof gold, of both which they haue much ftore, little of iron and filuer.

I *TheBa(S^iians, when they were old or worne with fickneflc, caft their parents to

! doggcs, which they kept for this purpofe, and called !5«n<«y?^o^j^^/.The Baftrian v<fo-

\ men are pompous,'' riding in gieatftate,and lie with their feruants, and with flran*

\ gets. They hauc among them Brachmanes ; ZoroaBres the Ba£trian is accounted firft

f author of the Magi, and of liberal! Artcs : hee liued twcntie yearcs in a wilderneffe

k Withcheele: but others account this another Zere^i/ifrc?/.

ji The5/rf« fomeximejmadc necrcr^ fometimes further inuafions: they pofleffed Ba-
li ' M m a &m



a iBT.elereb. ,
Gctkii. Scamji
offkina gentmm,
Va^nanatior .
num. vid. iV.
La\.de Mt^ii^
Om. lib.?.



b Simecii. bifl,
Maitr.lib.7. c.7c
Ctdntti cem-
pend.



cAntxhUM*'
gornatio Tartt'
fica *



d Vii.Iitc.?enU
Amot.lHSimoc,

SKp.Hb.i,c,S.



Niceph. ex Si-
motat.



e Strabltb.ili



f loan. Seem,
g Celimlib.ii.

Cdp.il.

J'- ■'•' ''

h Eufeti.de pfg-
par. Euang 1.6.
cap.S.



2qS 0/ the Scjthians^Sarmatlans ami Seres ^<src. Chap.io.



■£iria, and a G;rcat part of Armenia, which after of them was called Sacafef7a,3nd pro.
cceded vnto Cappadocia.wherc, in the midft of their feaftings, being in the night fur-
prifedby thePerfiins,andflaine,thcyle:ttbeirname5<jC4ori'<f(rM, tea ycarely fo-
i Gorop, Beccef lemnitic among the Perfians, in mcmorie ofthis vidiorie.Ofthe Sac<e, feme hold 'cue
Saxons to be defcended. 2)«/!ry;«/inhisGrcekevctfcagiue£h themthe higheflpraifc
for fhooting of all other. .;:■:•;,

k lufihi Ub.x. The Jmaz,ons,Gi\\\\otn is before related, arc ftid ^ to be defcendcd of the Scythi.

loraandci de ans, who vndcrthe cou6u€t of P/woiini\Sco/pythiii, fetled themfelues by the Riucr
rebkGet. Thcrmodon.andpofrcfl'cd the field of Theniifcyra:But when thcycontinued tofpoile

the adioyning countries, they were by fecrct conlpiracic of thofe people deftroyed.
1 Gorop.thinks, Theiivviucs ' became wartiotirs both in dcfcnccand offence, and did great adsvn-
andi wichhim ^j^thcir two Quceacs, A^arthefia ^\^<i Larr.pedo : afccr,0^<r<»aiKl ^«f /<?pf the daugh-
rnazons were t"^of Marthefia,\nthevmc of Hercuks tilgncd .-then Pe>uheJika,\\ho'ir\ theTroiaa
butttiewiues warves wasflaine. Yetthcreliques ofthat Nation continued vntillyJ<f/«//j/4 or 7^4^.
which excrd- Jire^ m ^lexMjders time; and by degtees ware out altogether. One ot their Qiiccnes ,
fed armcs,and jnffitiJted the facrificc to M^rs and £)/<«»<?, called T^urepeHnmSz'nh D'cderpii >", who
followed war- gj^jj-th that they liued not without men,but that they put the men to domcflike drud.
hu^bandV ^' ger'*^'. 3"<^ exercifcd the women in the field. Yet doth lie no lefle then Strabo make
in Dlodor.sk. doubt ofthefe Amazonian, or Vnimammian Nation " :.andno Icflc ofche Hypcrbo-
Ub.i. cap. u. rean, which he thus rclateth out of Hecataw, that they dwell in an Hand in the Ocean
n TheAma- neere vnto the Pole, in which L<«/e»jf was borne, and v^poZ/owasmoftofallworfliip-
rons .arc ftill J. aiij that the llandersf-encrally arc ^pe//o#J Priefts, eucry day chanting Hymnc5
one Nation, f ,. ., , , ,." \ r^ ' j j t- i j i- j '^ ah
further then '" "'* praiic : they hauc alio a huge Groue, and a round Temple dedicated to Apollo lo

thcrclatcisor whom their Citic is facred. Thefe and other things fable they ofthe Hyperbereitio

their Authors which Solmw " addeth many other, ofthe demencic ofthe ayre, ofthe innoccncieof

haue ttauci- ^j^g mzn., of their fre edome from ficknes,and vohintarie feeking for death in the fulnej

1 " ^^^r ofdavcs C after they haue made merry, calling themfelues from a certaincrockeiuto
placesof Ada, , ^•' , >, , ^ , ■^ ^ . ' ■ i ,i i- l- . i u l

two of Africa the fea) all thcfe pleafures concurring notwithfiandingj things contrary Doth to ttuch

twoof Amcri- and NaturejCxcept with 6'o)'«p/w P we turned fomc parts;, at Tealt, ofthis Hiftory into

ca ; the Ama- an allegory.He yet hiOorically interpreteth^that thpy which placed the Hyperloreihi-

zonshauebin, yondthc ^Ww^j^/, thcfc beyond the Jjfedones^ and thoCjalfo beyond the Scythians,

" ' th-re" and thefe againc beyond the Cimmcrians,intendedthfEnroparan Scythians, or inha-

and foutid bitants about AUotis, the Liuonians ahdiMufcouite^; the /jr?«?o«if.f tobeini'cWw,

none. and all alongll thofe frozen or Icie.feas, as he prouethhyEtimologie ofthe word:

o Se/.ir, North-ealf, and Eaftvvards from thefe in the continent «if.Aiia he placcth the Arimi'

p Goto'j. Bec.^ fpi^znd iu ihc continent of America Mexitdna he f?afc.tl^thc fjyp'rhoret : They which

' 'yJc^f^lr.' liff may hauerccourfe to his learned difcourfesot this4?gument. Porcacchi q telleth

^.^.'•chL of fome Scythians, which hanged their dead on trees (as the Colchi of old, and feme

r ^i.l'^ar.htl}. Tartarians are ftill reported to doe) eficeming it a dilgrncc to be buried in the earth,

III/. 4. cup. I. The Taurici buried with their Kings fome of their beftli-Kjnds. TheDeibices ■'feaftcd

cals "^f^""^^ j^*"^ \^'ith the ilc 111 of their kinfrncn vrhieh were feuentie )'<»aresold; the women at that

faith I alio that age they ftranglcd, and after buried. The Cafpians firaitly imnrifoncd fuch asattai-

thc baL-doaii ned to that age,and there famifhcd them.Soiue fay they laid them amongff the woods

cuftouiewas andobferucd vvhat became ofthcm;c(fceming them (as iJ faid before of the PcrHans)

to kill their highly honored, and next to a canonizing, whom the birds tare with their talons. In

h bTTt T^ 3 *'^'-" "^'^^ degree of happinclTc, whom dogges or wilde beaff s preyed on : but beneath

fuo.U.That ' aH difalfers and difaduencures, which could finde neither the one nor the other to be*

the Cei) being come vnto them fuch cncmic-friends. The Tibareni crucifie thofe old men which thf jf

old,atafo- haucbeftloued. The Hcrulcs beingficke or old were placedby their kindred oni

jenineFcaftor pjiecfwood, andthcre by another, which was not of thatkinne, flainevvith a dag-

d^c'd'thdra'ge gcr, who bcingdefcended, the pile was fired. His wife was forcedtohangherfelfc,

vvithadraught or el'e to abide perpetual]. infaiiiie. But I am loach to buric you in thefe buriall

of Hcmlockc, Rices.

l'Alt\.ab.Altx, The Scythiafts punifiied ^ po fault more feucrely then thefcThcy would make them-

tib.i.cjp.ii. felues drunken with the fmoakc of hearbes burnt in the fire. They fv^zrc /'ji tke Kml'

tm i ' ' '^'''?»'.^f^*"'/»'<^</»<««<^ ^'i^tf »''«</* ^ Whciuhcy had fackcd4.thens,aud piled a h.«p



C H A p.II- ASIA. The fourth 'Booke. 399

ofbooks to thefire,which othcrshad compiled with fiudious paincsj one of the com-
pany diflvvadcd burning of them,lcft that the Grcckcs negIc(Sing the Mufes , would ^
become Martiall. * They doubled their numbers at fourc,as wc doe at ten, through 'viiLdetrad.
vnikilfulneflc in numbring. dtfj.i.

We might proceed further in thcfe colde Scythian narrations, if the dcepe fnowes,
long defcrts,beaftly men.and man-kind beafls, men-eaters, and other monftrous ad-
uentures in the way,did not make it both perplexed and dangerous. Leaning there-
fore thcfe horrid and vncouth nations: the fiift ciuill countreyEaftward \%x.\\c^ Seres, h Soli.cap^i.
tlie nuicteft and mildcft ofmen.flceine the commerce and traffique with other Nati- P''»-'-i- y"D'*
ons.bartcringyctwithfuchNationsasrelort totnem, not valuing wares by words, ,./' .
but'by their eyes. Among them is reported to be neither thecfe nor whore, normur- * ''**^-*P^*"
thjacr,norhaiIes,norpcftilence,norfuch like plagues. A woman after conccption.or €S^'^"i'"'
in her purgation, is not defired. None eateth vncleane flefli ; none knowcth facrificcs,
buteuery one is judge to himfelfeofthat which is right. They' tell,that they liuetwo i lo.tom.Ub.i.
hundred yeares , that the Common-wealth is gouerned by a Counfel of fiue thoufand, m//.?.
eucry one of whom findcth an Elephant to the Common- wealth. They haue this name strabo.lib.ii.
ofJ^Mthechicfc Citie,by PtoUmey k placed in 177.1 5. and 3 8, 56. This Region he li- ^ Piell6,ca6.
initethon the Weft with Sc-<ji\i\i extra Imaam; ontheEaft,with7irr»?/»ro^«</^rf ; and
likewife on thcNorth (here Jbme place the promontary T^^ibw , there the Eaftcrnc O-
cean)onthe South with part of Indh extra Ga»gem. Our filk.s haue the name of this
Region.where it is made of a moft fin? wool!. growing on the leaues of trees : Dtonjfl
faith of flowers ofche earth. Tam mtiltifUct c^frf,faith Pltny, tarn longtncjuo orhpeti-
tHrvtinfubUcom^itronatrarijluceat. 1\\\sSenca} Caiialduf c3.\\nhCatato:zn6 fodoc l caJlald.OitcL
moft of our new writcrs.Orc/;«<'" numbreth from the Serike Ocean to the Cafpian fea, Thef.
two and forty Nations ofHircanians and Scythians,and from thence Wcftward to the "> Orof.l.i.c.i.
RiuerTanais thirtie foure. The Region betwixt Albania and the Cafpian, he attribu-
teth to the Amazons. The " Seres are fuppofed to inhabite the country now called Ca- n t>om. Niger,
ri&<iv,whiLh name iVj^fj-deriueth from a Scythian Natioi), called CW,f. They had a ^P*cam.^.
law againft IdoIatrie,and worfhip of Images. They had tip Temples.




Chap. XI.

of the Tarurixns, And of diners NAtions which they fubdued j mth
their Pristine Rites.

^ t ^maai^/tgy He names oiScythia and Sarmatia, arc now together with thofeNati-
onsfwallowedvp and drowned in that Tartarian dcluge.which about
foure hundred yeares fmce, with a fudden torrent ouerwhelmedthe
grcateft part of Afia.that wc fpeake not of Europe, the heart whereof,
quakedS: trembled with fcare of this tcmpeft. FrornRomed'd Pope
a Innocent the fourth fend Embafladours.by entreaties to prcuent their , ymertt.M-
armcs,when as they had already oucr-runne (befides thofe countries which ftill beare luacfpechift.
their name) RuJJta,Toloma,Slefiit,Morauia,Hmgaria,e\icn as farrc as ^ftHria.So farrc lib-io.
was the huge vnwealdy Empire of AUxander,ov of theRomans.fliort of the Tartarian
greatnes.that the expedition of fomccM(r''o//Aif/«^iifff/ of this EmpirCjhath pierced as b BathH,
ferrcinto the Wcft,as cuer Aiexander\ntothz Eaft,and that happily among more re-
folute courages, then the Pcrfians or Indians,cffcminated with wealth & peace,could
iSotd'andTamerlane a.\onc fomeagesafter(ifwe credit that hiftorie «^ of his lifc,tranf- cAlhtcm.ArA.
lated out ofche Arabike) fubdued and obtained more (befidcs his o wne inheritance) of ihc )ife of
then all that which the Romanes had atchieucd in that eight hundred yeares and vp- T^merUint,
Wardsjwherein their Empire was growing to the full : but of him afterwards.

The name Tartar is proper to a riucr in Mongul, from whence it was deriucd to the
peppleinhabitingneerc the fame, which after gaue both name and lawestofogrcata ^ jode Plant
part of the world.Forthus writeth loannes^dePlano CArfim,w\\ic\\ was fcnt Embafla- C(irpmi.apud
dour to the Tartarian Coutt,from Pope /»wc<?«^y<«. 1 24^. There is a countrey inthc Hnitm.i.

Mm 3 Eaft



400 OftheTartarians,<(7C» Chap,!!



Eaft part of the world called Mongol: which had fomtimcs fourc forts ofinhabitants :^

Jek^-Mo7igol,\}mx. is,thc great Mongols ; StiTy>ongul,\!mx. is, water- Mongols ; thcfe cal-

e Totarisvo- led themfcluei«^ 7«rfrfrj,of a riucr which runneth thorow their countrey, named Z^jr.

ca»t.idep,cxii- Mr; the third ^/fr^^r,thc fourth A'fetnt. Theicall were alike in per. on and language

lesMenat, but diuided amongft thcmfelucs into feuerall Prouince$,and vnto fcuerall Princes In

ichinrnfecimd. the land o?Teka.Mongol.\V2$ f Ctngis,\f^\\o began to he a mghtie hunter before the Lord:

Vmcentiuum for hd learned to ftcale men. Heraungcd into other, countries , taking asmanycap-

Spechifl.Can- jjucs aj he could,and ioyned them vnto himfelfe. Alfo he allured the men of his owne

gmi.Haitom. countrey viuohim, who followed him as their Ring leader to doe mifchiefe. Then

hlmadki'm began he to warrevpoiuheSuniongols or Tartars, and flew their Captaine, and after

mcUtfic.&c. many conflidls fubdued them to himfelfe,and brought them all into bondage. After-

tiiccph.Grcg. ward he vfed their helpe againftthe Merkats,whom alfo hee vanquifhed in balWlI.

hift KomSihi, Proceeding from thence.he fought againft the Metrites , and vanquifhed them alfo.

cdlshimZii- jj^j JSl^jmam hearing that Cingts was thus exalted, greatly difdayned therat : for they

'^'^ ■''"'• had a great and mightie Emperour,vnto whom all the forcfaid Nations payed tribute.

Whofc fonnes(when he was dead) fuccecdcd him ia hi^ Empire.Howbeit, being yong

and foolifli,they knew not how to gouerne the people, but were diuided , and fell at

variance among then felues. ThefeiniiadedCw^ichis countrey, putting the inhabi*

tants to the fword.buc were after ouerthrcwnc by the Mongols , and eythcr flainc or

jTiadecaptiucs.

Somes fetch the Tartarian pedcgrec from the ten Tribes of Ifrael, \\h\c\\ Salmitm'
h Ond iheat. ' fi^ carried captiues : and in their Maps '^ place hordes of Danitcs , Ncpthalices,&c,ia
ihc funheftNortherly and EaHerly bounds of Afia ; which yet are a great part ofthe
world, not onely from Media (whither thofe people were conueyed) but from any
part ofthe AfTyrian Empire.' (The King ofTabor, orTybur,inthcfe partes, is faidto
haue come into FrancCjtofr/ewi^ the F'cnch King about the yeare 1540. and vvasaf*
ter at Mantua by C/j^r/fj-the'Ettiperor buincd,for Iccret follicicatiun of him and otbet
i op>veer.cbrt. ChriHia \ Prince? to Iudaifme.)And Oftnecrtis ' rerorteth of that their iourney pafling
inAn.M. 3413* thorowEuphrates,miraculoufly flaying his ftreamc (to wonder at the vanitie ofWri-
ters) when they went into a region called yiif.ruh, which was a yeare a' d a halfes tra-
uellthcre to kecpe their law ; where neuer before hid beene any habitation,
k cap/^i.apud M.PaulM^ who wkhhis father and rncle liucu many ycares in the Court ofthe
/(aw.(TbcLa. great C/;^« ,ab6uc three hundred yeavcs fince,f ith that they dwelled at nift(iffuch
tine copie of vvandring may be fo called) In the North where they had no Lord oucr thcm^bftpaid
^''""f ftCo'^ tribute to a great Signor (there called ;k<t;M_., and herein thefe countries Preslj er
^m"attab.Vn. lohrt)to whom they paid the tenth of their bcaft^.But this J'ncam,or Presbyter hhnki-
ring their numbers eucry where multiplying, deuifed to difperfe them through tfie
world : which the Tartars perceiuing.wi h ioyntconfcnt forfooke their formei habi-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 80 of 181)