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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 81 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 81 of 181)
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tation,anddcpartcdthencefarofFinto the Noith, denying further tribute vnto fk/jw,
After they had there continued a ccrtaine time , they chofc to their King about the
yeare i l63.oncv^hich was called 0»^;;;C.«M,whoruled them with fuchmodefly and
juftice,that they ioued and feared him as a god, hi' fame reducing ail the other Tar-
tars in otberpartsvndtr his obedience. He thus ftiengthencd, weary of thofe dcferts,
commanded them to arme therafelues with bowes, and other weapons, and began to
inuadeand conquer Cities and Prouinces to his fubieftion , theprincipallinhabitants
whereof he carried with him, kindly entcrrayning them, leaning iuch dilcre ft Gouer-
nouis in the famc,thatthe people were fecured in their ncrfcns and gooes. When he
1 VncamMa- had thus fubdued about nine Prouinces,hefent his Embaffador to' /J/ww, to (demand
<luc4, his daughter in marriage : which ^»r<T/» with much indignation ?nd n any tKrcatningj

denying Ctngis aflcmbling his forces, marched ngainfi him, anri by tht way enquired
of his Af^rologers and Diuincrs touching his fucctfl'c.Thry taking a grce nc reed,cleft
it afunder, placing the parts thereof a good d fiance one from another and writ vpon
the one the name of / w<;»>,and Cmgu on the other ; telling the King, that tKhilcs they
were reading their conjuring charmes.thcfeieeds would fight together.and the viflo-
riefhouldremainc with him whofc rccde got the better :v\hich accordingly cairc to
paflc in the fight ofthe Army ; Ctngu his teed oucrcomming the other, as after Cm^is

himfelfe



Chap.II- ASIA. T he fhnh 'Books: 461-

himfclfe did f'^i^^w.vvhom he flew in the field, and polTeflcd his daughter and ftatc,
wherein he continued fixe yearcs conquering Cities and Kingdomcs , and at laft was
wounded at a CalHe called Thai gin, in the knee, w hereof he died , and was buried ir>
Mount Altay. ■

The next Emperour (after his account) was C'mCan;thc third, Baythin Can; the
fourth, Mau the brother ofMangf* ; Efit Caft,thc fifth ; MoTogn Can the fixth ; the fc- ' '

uenth Cublm C'*w,who not oncly inherited what the former had conquered ; but in the
fixticth yearc of his raigne fubducd in a manner the reft of (thofc partes of) the
world. The word Can fignifieth Emperour. Wherefoeuer thefe Empcrours die, they
arc buried in Alt'ay aforefaid ; they which carry him killing all they meete within the
vvay,bidding them goe to the other vrorld to fcrue theirEmperor.For this end they al-
fo flay the befthorfes.toferue their dead Lord in another world. When Mungu Can
w'as buriedjthere were more then ten thoufand men flain by the fouldicrs which con-
ueycd him. In this Hiftory ofA/.T^w/, obferue that this catalogue of Empcrours is
vnlound'.for IV.cle liubruquism B^ithjestimewas at the Court of yl^^ngn Can,\.o whom
Bdthy wasfubie6l.Offoi.7r is lcftout,and Efu^iut in. The caufe ohhi error feemetli to
bcjtiic giuing of this name Canto the chiefe Dukcs,as.5i?r/)^,&c.and the want ofcxatS
writtenChronides in thofe times amonglt them.

For further light into this Hiftory,] thinkcitnotamifietofetdowne vjhat Haithon
or Anthony the Armenian hath written of theTartarJtin beginnings. This our Authour
was royally defcendcd in Armenia, where he lined about three hundred yeares fince,
andatthercqueftofPopeCAwjfwf thcfift. writ the hiftory ot the Tartars, from Ctn<ris
or Cmiim till Mango C/7«,taken out of the Tartarian hiftorics ; the reft he partly faw
with his eyes , and partly learned of his vncle.an eye- witnefle of the lame, who had at-
tended on Hdithon the Armenian King,in the great C/^^Jw/Court. The countrey where
the Tartars firft: dwelt (faith '"Haithon) is beyond the mount Belgian, where they li- tn The Tartars
ucdlike beafts,hauingneitherletters,norfaith,norhabitation,t orfouldiourie, norre- Lcgendof
putation among their neighbor-nations. There were of them diuers nations, called by cat.j'ia.Hait.
one common name J/iJg/«,. which were diuided into fcuen principall Tribes, whole ^'^'""''
names \vci-eTa>'tay,Ta>igutjCf(n,'/t,TalM>;Someh,A<fonght,Tel>etb,Thc{c al being fubiefts
to their neighbours,a poorc oldc man being a Smith (who as they belceue,was mgcn-
dercd of the Sun beames) law in his flcepe an armed man on a white horfe,which faid
vntohiin,0 CangtKs , The \\\\\ otthcimmortallGodis, that thou betheCouernorof
theTaitarians, and Ruler ofthefeuen Nations, to free them from their bondageand
tribute. This his vifion,when he reported to others, they would not belccuc him.vn-
till that the night following, the chiefmcn amongft themfelues faw the fame man, with
command from the immortal God.to yccld obedience vnto Cr«^/>«.This they perfor-
med with all rcucrcnce,and fpread in the midft of them a black felt,with a feat thereon,
on which the feuen Princes or chicfe men placed Cangins, cMin^him Can^thu is .Em-
perour, and kneeled before him. This happily was then the moft fumptuous * Throne * A felt the
theirStatccouldafFord,butcontinuedin theroyall inucftitureof their fucceedingSo- Tartarian
ucraigneSjtheir exceeding riches and conquefts notwithftanding : at two of which fo- ' "^""^ '" "^ "
Icmmties (faith our Author) I my fclfe haue beene pn lent. Camrim thus inthronizcd
on his felt, commanded them many things : firft to belceue the immorrall God rand
from thence forwards , the Tartars beganne to call vponthc name of the immortall
Godjfecking for his ayde in all their enterprifes : fecondly , he commanded to make
agcnerallviewofallfuch.as were able to bcare armes , appointing Captaincs oucr
teunes, oucr thoufands , and ouer ten thoufandis, which made a full regiment. Hcc
commanded alfothofc feuen principall heads of their Tribes, to bereaue themfelues
of their dignities ; and for further tryadl of their obedience, each of them to bring thi-
ther his eldeft fonnc,and to cut off his hcad,each with his owne hand : which they re-
fufed not to doe, in rcuerence to thatDiuinc ordinance , whereby hce was made their
;Soucraigne.C4«ff/w hauing thus made tryall of their fidelitie,fubdued many nations :
and one day hauing his horfe flaine in battell vnder him , was forfaken of his Tartars,
defpayring his recouery after they faw him fall,and might eafily haue been flaine, had
not his enemies through ignorance neglc£lcd him, to putfue the reft : which Qangim

per-



Cotonacion.



402



Of the Tar tartans y ^c»



Chap, 11



pcrceiuingconucicdhimfelfc into a thicket ofQirubs; and when his enemies returne4
to dcfooylc the dead.an Ovvlc came and fate on the flirub , vnder which CungtHs waj
hidden,which caufed them not to fufpe(S any to lurk there,& fo they departed.Hc the
next night fled to his pcople;who feeing him.and hearing the order of his cfcape,gauc
thanks to the immortall God.who by meanes of that bird had preferucd him. They aU
•TheOwle fo had (after this) that * fowle in fuch reucrcnce,that it is accounted a happy thing to
•bferued. weare one ofher feathers on their heads. Cangim afterwards affauhing his enemies,
brought vnder, both them, and all the countries on that fide ofBelgian. Thcexa^
time of thefe things H^«/^e« could not learnc, notwithftanding his much inquitic:
which he imputeth to their want ofletters at that time.

Thefe countries thus conquered, the armed man appeared to him the fecond time,
and commanded him in the name ofthc immortall God to j-afle the Mountainc Bel.
gian,and goe toward the Weft,where he fhould conquer Kingdomes, Scignoriesand
Landes. Andthatthoumayeft be affurcd that this is the will of God, arifeandgoe
with thy people towards the mountaine,to that part which ioyneth on the Sea :There
• thou (halt difmount,andturncthec toward the Eafi, and kneeling downe nine timet,
(halt worfhippethc immortall God, and hce which is Almighty fliall flicwtheethe
way by which thou maycft commodioufly pafle. C<i«g<V« prefcntly commands his
people with their wiues and families to accompany him in this enterprifc; and when
thoy were come to the Sea, forgat not with his followers to performe thofe nine wor-
fliips ; and flaying there that night in his prayers, the next day he faw that the Sea had
gone nine foote backc from the Mountainc , and left a fpacrous way, by which they
with all their fubftancepaflcd Wcftward. Hence it is that the Tartars afcribc fome
happincfle to the number of nine : and he that will offer a prefeni to any Tartarian Sig«
'Thenumbcr nor, muft offcrninc *things,whichcuftomcthcyvfe in theirtiibutesvnto thisday,
of nine. as M\Jenki>tJo» four.d by experience to his coft. (^'angiHs after many aduenturcs, and

many lawcs which of him were called lafackCangis Can, hauing mft perfwadedhit
twclue fonnes (wherin I thinke his nephews were alfo reckoned) to concord.biddiug
each of them to bring him an arrow.w hich together, none of them ; afunder, the Icalt
of them might eafily breakcjhe died.

ThijHiflorieofC/«g« or Cangim I haue thus fully related, for knowledge both
ofthe beginnings of their State and Religion: and if thefe Vifions feeme fabulous,
yet might Ctngu in his fubtiltie dcale with them, as Mahomet with h's Arabians, of
Numa with the Romanes ; the one making Gabriel, the other t/Egerta, Authoursof
their policies : and what he in part pretended, might by Fame and Time be augmen-
ted. Although I fee n ' t,but that this Hiftorie oiCtngts may as well be creditcd.as that
oit/ilexander'mlofefhw, to whom appeared one in the habitc ofthc IcwifhHigh
Prieft, commanding him to vndertake that enterprife, with promife of afllftance; for
which caufc, he whom the world wordiippcd as a King, antl as a God, did worfliip,
k Antiq.Ubtx. •'hinifelfc proflrate before yW</«^ the High Prieft. And the fame ' Author alfofaith,
1 i»(.Antii.Ub. that the Pamphylian Sea diuided it felfe to giue way vnto his Macedonian fouldiers,
iMpne. hauing no other way to deftroy the Empire ofthc Pcrfians.

m to de Piano To raurne to our F. ier with whom »ve beganne ; he rcrorteth ■" that Cingis, after
carpmi. hisvi(Sorie againli theiV<z/»»«jw,warrcd vpon theKyth'yans,but wereouerthrowne,

and alithcNobles, except fcucn,flainf. Hauing breathed himfclfe a while at home,
hcinuadedtheHuyri, a Chriftian people ofthc Neftorian SeiS^, whomc thcyouer-
came, and rccciued of them letters, of which before they were ignorant. After
them, hee fubdued the Saroyur , Karanites, and Hndirat. This done, hee waged
warrc againtt the Kythayansor Cathayans, whofc Emperour heefliutvp into his
chicfcCitie, where C/w^^beficged him, till that viftuall fayling in his Campe,hc
tommaundcd that they ftiouldcatccuery tenth man of the Armie. They of the Citie
fought valiantly with EngincSjDartSiArrowci : and when Stones wanted, they threw
Siluer.cfpecially molten Silucr. But by vndermining the Tartars made way from
the Armie into the middeft ofthe Citie, where they iflued vp, and opened the
gates by force, and flew the Citizens. This is the firfl time that the Emperour of
the Kathayans being Yauquiflicd,C>/;^if ^j^i^mu obtained the Empire. The men of

Kaytay



C H A p. Ii. ASIA. The fourth 'Booh. 405



Kytay* arc Pagans, hauingafpeciallkino'eofwritingby thcmfelucs, and, asitisre- ' Kytayans^
ported, the Scriptures ofthe Old and New Tcftament. They haue alio recorded in ^"'J.^'^^'^
Hirtorietthe Hues of their fore fathers, and they hnue Eremites, and certainchoufes '^ 'S'°"«
made after the maner of ourChurches, which in thofc daics they greatly reforted vnto.
They fay, that they haue diuers Saints alfo, and they worfliip one God. They adore
and reuerencc Chnrtlefus our Lord,and belceuc the Article ofeternall lifc,but are not
baptized. They doe alfo honorably cfteemc and reuerence our Scriptures. They loue
Chriftians, and bellow much alrr.cs.and are a very courteous and gentle people. They
haue no beards, and they agree partly with the Mongalsin thcdifpofition of their
countenance. There are.not better Artificers in the world. Their Countreyiscxcee-
din'T rich in Corne, Wine, Gold, Silkc, and other commodities. Of their writing.
Frier Bacofi, from the Relations oiyy. Rulrrucjuis, which liued in his time, and RubrH-,
aawhimfelfe (as in the Manufcript thereof appeareth) tefiificthatitwas done with
pencils and in charaiUrs : as the Clnnoii and lapomtes (iiil vfe. The lugres write from
the top to the bottomc ofthe page,«nd from the left hand to the right; the men of 7V-
beth as we doe: thofe oiTafigat from the right hand to the left.but multiply their lines
vpwards. The C'tthaya»s (faith RuhrHnj^is) arc little mcn,and Ipcake thorow the nofe.
They arc good artificers ,the fon fucceeding in the fathers trade.Their Phyfitians deale
^yith hearties, but not with vrines. There were amongft them Neftorians,who had a
Bifhop rcfiding inSegni. Their bookes were mSyriakc : theinfclues ignorant of that
tongue.Thcy wcredrunkards,vfurers,andfomeofthem had many wiucs.Theywafhed
their lower parts when they entrcd their Churches: they fcali and cat flcfh on Ftidaies,
as the Saracens. Their Bifhop vi(its them fcarce once in jo, yecres'. And then all their
males.cuen infants alfo,are ordrcd Priells. The Idolaters amongfl them are more mo-
derate, fomcofwhichwcare yellow broad cowles : fome are Eremites, andleadean
auftere life in woods and hils. C^thttjfn had not then any vines, but they made drinke
of rife, wherewith they alfo tooke a kinde of apes, which would drinke themfelues
drunken with that pleafant liquor : out of whofe neckes they tookc the bloud where-
with they diedpurple.

After the conqucft of Cathay, Cyngis fent his fonnc Thoffut Cati (for fo they termed
him alfo) againft the people of Comania, whom hec vanqoiflied. Another fonne he
Tent againft the Indians, who fubducd IndtA Adwor. Thefc Indians arc the blacke:SS-
jacens *, which are alfo called Aethiopians. Thence, he marched to fight agaioft CJi^S- * Blacke Sa.
flians, dwelling in lidia Maior, whofeKing was commonly called Pr^/^fifr /<?/&», racens.
vyho by a ftratagcme repelled them out of his dominion. ]i,itrajielling homewards,
the faid Armic of the Mongals came vnto the Land of Buirthabeih, the inhabitants
whereof are Pagans, and conquered the people in battaile. This people haue a ftrangc
curtomc : When any mans father dieth.he aflembleth all his kindred.and they eat him.
They haue no bcatds, but with an iron inflrumcntplucke out the haires, ifanygrow^
Cfiais himfclfe went vnto the Land ofKergis, which they then conquered not. And
in his returnc home his people fuftred extreme famine : and by chance finding the ftefij
entrailes of abeaft, they caft away the dung, fod it, and brought it before Cyngis^ and
did eat thereof. Hcercupon CyngU enaded, That neither the bloud, nor the entrailes,
nor any other part of a bcaft, ,which might be eaten, fliould be caft away, faue onely
the dung. He was afterward flaine by a thunderclap, leaning bchinde him foure fons ;
the firft Occed/iy, the iQcpndTheJpn Can, the third Tkit^ay, ihza^v^e, ofthe fourth is
notknowne, r.'.jois:: .:.iA-i',h..'ii^';-4^!-i,,

Cl"gi^ being dead, OcciiAy was chofen Emperor.He fcnt Duke Bathy his nephew, occoJay ».
the fonne of T^//«/ C<?«, againft the Counttey of ^//;/9/-i;j«, and the people called Tart.iaip.
'Bi[ermtfii^ who were Saracens, but fpake the Language of Coroania, whom he fiibdu-
etl. Thence they marched againft Orna,a Port Towne on the RiuecDon.where were
many Cizarians, Alanians, Ruffians, and Saracens, which he drowned with the Riuer
running thorow the Citie, turning it out ofthe chancU. Thence they paffed into Ruf-
f«,ind made foulc hauocke there, deftroyingKiou, thechiefe Citie. They proceeded
againft the Hungarians and Polonians, and in their returneinuaded the Morduans,
bcingPagans,an;d conquered them in battaile. Then they marched againft the people

called



404



Of the Tartarians, <isrc.



Chap.u.



The IHjirgk.



n Haitbm At'
miH.



CHmMit,



called Bjlrri, ov Bulgaria magna, andvttcrly wafted the Countrcy. From hence they
proceeded towards the North againft the people called Bajiarct, or Hitrgaria magnfi
and hauing conquered them, fubdued alfo the Parofljci and Samogctar, thence pro-
ceeding vnto the Ocean Sea.

At the fame time Occoday fent Cyrfadan againft Kergii, who fubdued them in bat-
tailc. Thefc are Pagans, hauing no beards at all. They haueacuftome, when any of
their fathers die, in token of lamentation, to draw (as it were) a Leather thong ouer-
thwart their faces, from one eare to the other. Hence hee marched with his forces
Southward againft the Armenians, which they conquered, with part of Georgia, re-
ceiuing tribute of the other part ; and from thence into the Dominions of the mightie
Soldan, called Dr«r«»w, whom they vanquifhed in fight. Andtobeftiort, they went
on further, facking and conquering euen vnto the Soldan of Aleppo, whofe Countriei
they fubdued. They marched agamft the Caliph of Baldach, and exa(5ied at his hands
the daily tribute offoure hundred Byzantines, belidcs Baldakines, and other gifts;
Thus farrc of their Conquefts out ofFrier lohn aforefaid, w ho was in perfon with "Sij*
thj, or Bajdo, and at the Court of Gttine the Empcrour.

Haithe>t "caWeth Bajdo the fecond fonne oi Ocoday, or Heecota<Can, affirming,
That he fent his three fonnes ; lochi into the Weft, as farrc as Tygris ; Bay do towards
the North ; and Chagoday towards the South. Hee fent alfo one Baydo (whether the
fame, or another) with thirtie thoufand horfe, againft the Soldan of thcTutkes.whofe
Realme he fubdued in the yeerc 1 244. He addeth. That Bayd» hauing conquered Cu*
mania * , (which he confineth on the Eaft with the Corafmians, on the Weft with th<
Euxine, on the North with Caflia, haply Cafan, on the South with the RiuerEtil) h<
fubdued Ruflia, Gazaria, Bulgaria, and fo pafling into Anflria, following the ftream*
of his viSories, in thepaflageof a great ftreame was there drowned. Hisheircsfoci
ccedcd him in the places which he had conquered ; which Seignorie Techay pofrcfled
in HaitheHS time. This Hiftorie oiBay^o his death is not likely ; For Tvo ofNarbona,
in an Epiftle to the Archbiftiop of Burdeaux, recorded by ° Matth. Paru in the yem
1243. iaith. That in the fame prefcnt Sumttier they had departed out of Hungarie.and
laid iiegc to Neuflat, wherein this Tvo then was : and in theyeere 1246. Frier Ma
was with the faid5.|)'(^*, who aJfo reheariech that Hungarian Expedition, andhiste*
turne vnto thofe parts about Voiga, or Etil. l.\Vev/\(cfVillia»*deT{ul>r»quif, aFfiei
Minorite, was ieatto'BaAtfi (fo hcc calleth him) from Ltr»es the French King, ia
Anti.-it^-^. '- ''' ii' - .:

And to this agrceth Mathitu i Mtehon P in his Sarmatian Hiftorie,who witncflethi
That in the yeere 1241 .the Tartars.vnder Bathu, czmc into Ruflia,and deftroicd Kioa|
a Citie before ftately and beautiful!, hauing in it three hundred Churches and more,
Tcryfairc, of which fomeremaine to this day among the flirubs andbriers, rccepta*
clcsforwildebeafts. It was the Seat of the Metropolitan, who had vnder him many
Biftiops thorow Moldauia, Vil'chia,Ru{ria, and Mufcouia. He fent Peta into Polo*
nia, who deftroicd the Countrey, and on Aftiwednefday turned Cracouia intoafticij
abandoned before both ofthe Prince and People ; and after ouerthrew Duke Hemii,
and other Noblemen, with the forces ofthe Countrey aflembled againft them, toge-
ther with P^w/io, the great Maftcr ofthe Dutch OrderinPrufTia: in which battaile,*
certaine Tartarian Standard-bearer, carrying in a great Standard the Greeke letter X,
and on the top ofthe ftafte a blacke and terrible Image,w ith along beard began ' with
inchantment ftrongly to ftiake the head ofthe Image : whereupon a fmoake and cloud
of intolerable ftinke was prefentlydifperfed ouer the Polonians, and they became
heartleflc and vnable to 6ght. Duke Henrie, and Duke Btlejlans, and Ptmpo, with thi
flower oftheirNobilitie,washetreflaine, and the Countrey miferably fpoiled. Frorti
hence they went into Morauia, where they put all to fire and fword more then a tBd*
neth together : and thence to Hungarie to Bathy, whoentred Hungarie with 5ooo6<S
fouldiers ; where firft ouerthrowing thofe forces which King fii?/^ had fent to prohibit*
them paflage, they after chafed the King himfelfe, with the power eff hiskingdortii
oppofinghimfelfe againft them, out ofthe field, who fled into Auftria, andafterinto
Sclauonia,leauinghis Countrey a prey to the Tartars : who making fooilc ob that fide

of



o Uat-Tiris.



p Mat.aMi-
cbou.de Strmat.
Ui.t.



' Tartarian
Sorccrie.



Chap. II. ASIA. The fourth Booke, 405

ofDanubiiis, thencxtWinterpalTcdoucrthe Riucr, then frozen, and filled all with
bloud and flaughtcr. Bathyknt C4<i/<iKiopurfuctheKingintoSclauonia, rtiliflceing
before hfm, who waftcdBofna, Scruia, and Bulgaria. And after two yceres fackage
inHun^arie, theypafl'edby the fennesof MzotisintoTartaria, and haply had retur-
ned to make frefh fpoiles in Europe, if the Embaflagc of Pope Innocent had not diuer^
ted their purpofe : or Tzther,th3t Occod^jr their great ChdH being about that time poi»
foncd, they were to expe(5^ a new Commiflionfrom his fucceffour, which was Cmne%
whovvhcnhewasinftallcd.euenintheprcfenccofFricrqMw, the Popes Lcgat.ere- ^uJeTlaniS,
&ei a Banner ngaiull all Kingdomes of the Chriflians, except they would be fubicfl
to him : for their intent was to fubduc all the world, as (jn^u Chamhi-d ordained;
and the fupcrfcription of his Scale was, Gedm Heauen, and Cuine Chan vfon Earth',
thcftrengthefGod, tbiSealeoftheEmperoitrofallmen. Hekept his Court vfually in JV.Kubrui.W.So
the land of the Naym jns, the plaines whereof were extended like to the fea, without:
therifing of any hill. The cold moft eager and fharpe till March.littlc winde.nor fnow,
except in the e;id of ApriU. At Caracarum T^tbruquu met with an Englifh man borne
iiiHiingaiia, which was expert in many languages: his name was 5.?yJ/;iw. Hcerche
found two Mofchccs and one Church.

But C«;«f in fliort time after died, and Jefc the Emp'ne to ManguCa» • to whom cme^.trnf.
Jjtonus r the Armenian King went voluntarily in pcrfon, about theyeerei2 57. and MMgu^.
receiuing gracious entertainment, made vnto him feucn petitions : firtt, Thathcand ^ HAxtbtnwdi
his people fhould become Chriftians : fecondly. That there fhould bee perpetuall ^"'''
peace bctwcene the Tartars and Chriftians : thirdly. That in all Countries conquered
by the Tartars, the Churches and Clcrgic-men of the Chriftians fhould be free from
fcruitude and tribute : fourthly, ThathcwouldredeemctheHoly Sepulchre and the
Holy Land from the Saracens : fifthly. That he would deftroy the Caliph of Baldack:
iixthIy,Thathimre!fcmighthaucaid,as need fhould require, in his defence, offuch
Tartars as were ncere vnto Armenia : fcuenthly, Thatfuchparts of Armenia as the
Saracens nowpofieffed, and the Tartars fhould recouer from them, might returoe to
the Crowne of Armenia. (JMangu-can anfwcred, after deliberation with his Nobles,
tothefirft, ThathimfelfewouldbeaChriftian, and perfwade other his fubic^ts, but
force none thereunto : and to the reft in order, that his requefts in all ftiould be fulfil-
led, and to that end he would fend his brother Haelon into thofc parts, as is before al-
readiefhewcd. Thus was yl/aw^" baptized by a Bilhop, then ChaunccllorcfArmc-
nia.and all his houfhold,and many Nobles of both fexes. But before lerufalem could
bee recouered, Mangu^itA, and Col'tl't, or Cublai Cm fucceeded, in vvhofetimc cublal^.imi.
iM.Patthu 'was an eic-witnefle of the Tartarian proceedings, who affirmeth, That i M-PMU-i.
this C'fblai exceeded in power, not his predeceflburs onely, but all theKingdbmesof
Chriftians and Saracens, although they wcrcioinedin one. Before hee obtained the
Soueraigncie, he fliewcd himfelfe a valiant fouldicr : but after hee was Emperour, hee
neuerfoughtfield but once againftATrft-j^w his vncic, who was able, outofthePro-
uinces wherein hee goucrncd, to bring together foure hundred thoufaud Horfc, to
whom C.W« fhould hauc added a hundred thoufand Horfe more. Thefeboth con-
fpired againft their Maftcr and loid Culilai : but before their forces were ioined,
C«W4/ftoppingthepafl"jges, that none might pafle to carricnewes, fuddenly alTcm-
bled, within ten daics iourncy of Cambalu, three hundred and threcfcorc thoufand Ann.iiiS.
horfe, and a hundred thoufand footmen. With this power riding day and night, hee
came fuddenly on his enemies, and hauingfirft confulted with his Diuincrs.atter their
manner, gaue the on-fct, and tooke Natam prifoner, whom he ftranglcd betwixt two
Carpets, left the Earth Hiould drinkc, or the Sunne (hould fee the bloud of that impc-
riall familie. Naiam had becne fecretly baptized, and now alfo had the Croflc for his



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 81 of 181)