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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 82 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 82 of 181)
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Banner, which occafioned the Icwcs and Saracens to fcoft'e at the Chriftians : but
C«^/«<vnderftandingheereor called them all beforehim, and faid, ThattheCroftc
would not helpe fuch wicked men as NataTu, who was a Traitor to his Lord j fay yec
not therefore, that theGod of the Chriftians is vniuft, to forfake his followers ; for hee
is the chicfc Bountie and luftice. CnbUi by his Captaines conquered ihc Kingdomcs
of Mien, Bengala, Mangt, Sec.

After



4o6



Whether China be Cathay,



Chap.ii,



* M.P.l.i.c.i.
Tamar 6.



After * CubUi C*» fucceedcd Ttmor Can, fonnc to CmgU, thceldcft fonnc of
CnbUt: ill whofc time,Hattho» (which then Hucd) faith^That there were beildcs.thrcc
great Tartarian Princcs,butfubie£t to the great Can : Chapar,wih\ch ruled in Turquc-
flan, who was able to bring into the Field f cure hundred thoufand horlemen armed:
Hochtaj, in the Kingdome ofCumania, who was ablctoarme(:x hundred thouland
horfemen to the warres, but not fo relolutc as the former. Carbanda, the third, ruled
in Tauris, able to aflemble an Armie of three hundred thoufand horfe, well prouidcd.
And all thcfc liued in the Wefterne bounds of the Tartarian Empire, euery way infc-.
riour in wealth and numbers to the Southerly and Eafteriy parts thereof.

Tarik^AitrkoHd a Perfian, in his Catalogue of the Cans orTartarianEmperours
callcth Chblai, by a tranlpofition of the fy llables , VLk». For thus doth he recite their
names with the yeercs of their coronations, ['htngays in thcyeeicofthehegira 602.
Otkay Khaon 626. GajfHk,Khtton 6^'}. Manchu Khaon 6^^^. Vlakji Khaon 6^j.
Haj/bkaj Khatn S6-^. HamedKhan 01 NtcudarOgUn6%o. ^rggn Khen 6S-^. Go-
niaruKhonSgo. "Budnk^andp-^. Gaz,unkJ'a» 6^^. Alynftukhan 'jo^. Sultan Abu.
z.ayd'Bahader Khan'jiS. Thefe from ^«^-/<< or ybkuk^mz tobc tbcCansorVicc-
royes of thofe parts, and not the great Cans thcmfelucs. For H^tybkay feemeth the
fame which Fo/<? calks Hochtay in the kingdome of Cumania. And Alirktnd fpeakes
ofthem as commanding in Perfia : after whom in the 789. ofthe heg. hcmcntioneth
TeymurUng (the varietic oflanguage cafily varieth the proper names) in %0'],Aiirx.«\i
Carrok^. 850. 0/cjA^f^, and fo procccdcth with thegoucrnours ofPcrfia, whether
Paramont or deputed : whenccfmalihghtjccructh to the Tartarian Hiftone. ] liauc
fcencthctranfcript of a letter fcnt by /C.i:ii;v«r(i the Second, written 1^07. thefirft
yecreothisreigne,Oiftob.i6.to D/#/^»*/^w King ofthe Tartars,againft/I/<j/?or«/rf,and
in behalfc oi^VtUiam Ltddenfis Sptfcepiu and others to preach to his people. But tbefe
Tartars it fecmcth were ofthe neerer MahumctanSj and not the great Can of Cathay,



a Odor'tcM «p.

b Sir lohn
Maadeuile.




Chap. XII.

K^ Ctntinuatio ft of the Tar tartan Hijlerie, andthe quejlion difeujjed^
whetber Ctthay and Chma be thef.ime.

Tncc Tamor Can, we haue not fo continued a Hiflorie of their Empire
and Emperours as before, and yet we haue had fucceeding tehimo.iics
a long time of their State and Magnificence, but neither fo diligent
obferucrs, nor fo exa(5l Writers as the former : bcfides that, their Hi-
ftorics feemc in fome things more fabulous. Of this later fort are Odf-
Ttcw *, aFrier, which liued rhrec yccres in the Emperours Court, and
trauelled as farre as Quinfay, who died In the yeere i :? ^ i . Sir /.j/j^ MandcHi/e ^ our
Countryman fpent many yeeres in thofe Countries a few yeercs iiutOdoricM, and
writ the Hiflorie ofhisTraucls in the reigneof£iiii'i;r^ the third of England; Echiant
C4« being then Empcrour ofthe Tartars : in which, ifmaiiy ihmgsfeemenotworthie
credit, yet are they (uchssO dor icm, or fome others, not of the vvorft Authors, hid
before committed :o writing, and haply by others after his time, in thofe daies when
printing wanted, foilted into his booke. Once, hce fcttethdownethediftances and
pafl'ages of Countries foexadljy, as 1 thinke hee could not then haue learned but fay
his ownc Trauels. After his time "^ J^eholo di Contt, a Venetian, trauelled thoiow In-
dia and Cathay, after fine and twentie yeercs returning home : and going to EugentHt
the fourth, then Pope, tobeabfolued, becauie hee had denied the Chrillian Faith to
faue his life, his enioined penance was, truly to relate to Voggtu-s the Popes Secrctaric
d lof.Mrbart. his long peregrination : This was in the yeere 1444. About the fame time "^ iff/'?/'*
"Barbaroji Venctian.in theycere i436.had learned of a Tartarian Embafl"adour(whicK
hid beene at Cambalu, and returning by Tana, was entertained of the laid lefaf-i)
fome particulars touching the great Cham and Cathay, ibme part whereofhec heard

after



c .Vif. di Conii.
ap, Rjimuf,



Chap. 12. ASIA, The fourth 'Booke,



407



i(tet confiimedhy thcmouihoi Vfiif}-caf,z», the mighciePerfiaii King.iiuheyearc
1474 : So that from the yeare i246.thusfarre we hauc acoiuinueci fucceflicn of the
Cathayan Hiliorie, bcfidcs that ^hich an Arabian > hath written in his Hiftorie oiTa-
w^r/^*". now extant in Englifh.

I am the more curious in naming thcfc Authors, Icfi any (liould thinke that which
is written ofthis people to be fabulous (all thefe, in a manner, concurring in the nioft
fubftanciall things) or fliould confound, as diuers ^ lately haue done, the Countries
and affaires of China and Cathay. Thecaufeof boththc(ecrroursis, becaufethat in
thefc lart hundred yearcs and more, in which more of the World then euer before hath
beeiic difcouered, yet nothing of moment is found out of this Countrey or People,
Whcreunto may be anfvvered. That fincc.diucrs of the great Tartarian Lords,bcfore
fubiedb to the great C^<»w,h3uing made thcmfelucsabfolute Lords of their feucrall
States, the way hath not beene fo open to paffe, being otherwife of it felfe exceeding-
ly both long, difficult, and dangerous: and the adioyning Princes recoucring thcm-
felues from Tartarian fcruitude, will neither fuffer their ownc to goe out,nor othen
freely to enter their Dominions; as theMufcouite, the King ofChina, and others.
U.Arit. c /fw/yw/iw.which went as farre thither- ward as Bogharre,could not paffc fur-
ther for warres in thofe parts. Neither haue any gone thither by fea. And yet cucn in
this time we haue not altogether wanted witnefles. Ludouicm 'l Vertomamiw^in hun-
dred yeares fince.in Bengals met with diuers Chriftians,who affirmcd^that there were
in their CouitteydiucrsSigniorSjChriflians, fubiedt to the great Ci(tw. Thefc were
white men, of a Citie called Sarnau. In M. Hnkluits ^ painefull labours we may readc
ofdiuerspaflagcsoutofRulTiaandPerfiabyCarauans into Cathay, "^mufiu) alfo,
in his Annotations ^ before yl/.P^«te,telleth of one Ck-iggai Memet, a Per(ian Mer-
chant, who had beene at Campion and Succuir in Catay (Damind/! then raigning)
and h^d acquainted him with diuers particular s thereof.

Alfo in the Epiftlc of g £>»<<»«?/ C«<r*^///«, a lefuic, dated at Malaca inlanuarie,
1^99. is contained the tranfcript of lerome Xanerim his letter from Labor, the Citie
Royall of the great Mogor, dared Auguft 1 598. Wherein the lefuitrclateth, That
whiles he was in conference with the Prince, there entred into the Pallacc an old man
t){(^[dhomets Religion, threefcorc yeares of agc,who affirmed to the Prince, That he
had come from Xatai by the way of Mecca.Prefently fomc which knew him,affirmed.
That he had diftributed inalmes an hundred thoufandpeccesofgold at Mecca. The
Prince asking if it were fo,hc affirmed, that he did it bccaufe he was old,and could not
long !iue,nor carry thofe things away with him. Being demanded of the State of Xa-
tai,heanfwercd,That he had there liued thirtecne yeares in the Citie Royall, Xambalu,
the Kin^ whereof was very mightie,and had in his Empire a thoufand and fiftie Cities,
fome of them very popuIous.He faid,he had often feenc the King, with whom no man
fpeakethbutbyafupplication, norisanfwered butby anEunuch. Being asked how
he had accefle thither, he anfwcred ,That he fuflained the pcrfon as well of the Embaf-
fador of the King ofCaygar, as of a Merchant : and being detained in the firft City by
theMagiftratCjhe fhewedhisCommiffion, and port was preiently fcntto the Kin"^,
who returned in a moneth, riding nintie or an hundred miles a day, with change of
Horfes, bringing him letters of admiflion. No man was troubleibmc tohimin the
way .They punifh theeues feucrcly (which alfo is obferucd of the Cathayans in hfafhn
Barharo, and in Marciu Vaulw aforefaid ) The people he affirmed were white, come-
ly, long-bearded, and very perfonable. In Religion heefaid they were //4«<rfj, (or
Chr'fti3ns,(irofe(lorsof leCus) and fome among them Mn^atntes, or lewes, rnd ma-
ny Mahumetans, who hoped to draw the King, being a Chriftian, to their Sc(5l. The
lefuitaddcth, That he further conferred with him another day about their Religion,
who told him that they had many Churches, and fome very great ; many Images,both
painted and carued,efpecially of the Crucifixe,w hich they religioufly worfhip. Euery
Church hath his Prie(t much reucrenced. The Priefls liued Tingle, and kept Schoolcs,
wherein they inlfrufted the youth, which fViould after take Orders: they had alfo one
amonc thePiiettsfupereminent, and were all maintained at the Kings cofts^ as were
the Churches alfo both built and repaired. They ware blacke clothes, and on Holy.

N n dayes.



a AlhaunA-
tabs.



b Ludoukm
Reg. Lilene Ia»
fomc<e.
Contiigo Con-
tifiUi in Thef.
Polit.part.ii.
&c.



c Hal^tom.i.
l>ag 303.

d L.f^eitomin,



e Tom. I. f tig,
f Ramujiui.



^Emanuel Car-
val.Epifl.vide
cadem aj/.iierre
du lanic/ivre 4
de i'hifloire du
Iniei Orient,



whether China he Cathay,



Chap. 12,



dayc$,rcd; with Caps much like the Icfuites,but greater. Hcaddcd.Thachehadoftcn
fcenc the King go to ChurchrThat there were many of both Scxcs,which in Cloyltcrs
liucdaMoHafticalUifcjfomecbfeiuingalfoafinglelifc in their ownehoiifes. He re.
This agreeth ported.That the Counircy was rich, and had in it many Mines of Silucr : the KiHg had
viiihyercomans foure hundred Elephants,which they faid were brought trom Malaca. And from Pegu
report. aifo he faid.that Merchants referred thither, which voyage was halfe a yearc ( it fee.

meth thorow the fca betwcene China and lapan.) Xatterim addeth. That while he was
at Caximir,he heard of many Chriftians in Rebac, a Kingdomc ioyning toXatai,vvho
had Churches, Pricfts, and Bifhops, to whom he had written three waycs in the Por-
tugal! and the Perfian Tongues: •

The greatcft obieflion againft this Hiftorie, that diftinguifheth Cathay from Chi.
1 UctbPanto- na, is the report of /^ro^ Pantogio ', alefuit, ina letter dated fromPanquin, the Seat
g'i. Royall of China,in March 1 6o^. in which he blameth a double errour of cur Mappcs,

both for making China larger then it is, and for adioyning to the fame this queflioned
Kingdome of Cathay, whereas (faith he) China, or Sma, is Cathay,and this Panquin,
wherenowwcliuCjisCambalu. This he proueth by the incredible riches whichhee
hcere faw, agreeing to that which is commonly reportcdof Cathay, and by thetefti-
monie of certaineMoores and MahunietanSjWhom he found in Panquin, which vfual-
ly, eucry fiftyearc, relort hithcrvnder fhew of an Embafl'agc,and paying ofTribute;
indeed for gaine, by way oftraffique: (their tribute meane- while obtainingfufficitnt
retribution out of the Kings Coffers, who fuftaineth them and theirs, all the tiiiieof
their abodein China,3t his ownc corts,bcfides other gifts.) Of thefe Merchants,which
reforted hither out of PcrfiaandtheCountrey of theMogores, ihelefuits bycnqui-
lie learned, that this countreyof China was called Cathay, and had no other namein
Perfia, and among the Mogores, nor did they know any other Countrey ib called,
And asking further, how they called the Citie Panquin, they anfwered, Cambalu;
whereupon the Icfuit concludcth without all fcruple, as is faid.And againe, in the Chj.
« Bened.Goes. nianEpiftles, dated i6o7,is reported, That "> BenediUtu Gcir/ (fent fixe yeares afterof
the lefuitesby the way of Mogor to finde out Cathay) remained in the borders of
China, in the Prouince of Xanti, from whence he writ, Anno i6c6. That hee could
finde no other Catay then the Kingdome of China. This report furthcreth Pantcputi
opinion,

Butif itbcnot fufficient tooppofethcformerrcportof X<««/fy to thefc of P,Me-
gta and Goes, and the different qualities of the Chinians andCathayans (asinthcit
proper places fhall follow) both m things priuatc and publikc, Diuineand Humane;
n TUarc. Vatiks I anfwere, That the name Cambalu is by Marcus Paulut " and others interpreted Tk
lih.i.cap.7- Citie of the Prince, or Cam. And Perera « interpreteth Pachin, or Paquin, where the
o Gateatta Pe. King of China alwayes refidcth, to fignifie the Towne of the Kingdome, as hce was
there aduertifed, the fame fignification (in manner) remaining to the diucrs appella-
tions in differing Languages, as a common name to be applied to any Citie * Royalli
This Perera was himl'elfe a long timeprifoner there, and accounted it awondcrin
oncCitie tomectc with a few Moores, who were detained in China hauing come
thither twciitie yeares before, and were permitted the vfe of their Pvciigion ; of whicb
they could fay almoft nothing, but (JUahomet was a Moore, and their father wasa
Moore, andlama Moore, with fome other words of their Alcoran; wherevvithall,
and in abftinence from S wines flefh, they liuc (faith hee) till the Diuell take them all.
And yet the report of Xauter tellcth vs.That the Moores arc many and mightie in Ca-
thay; of IcwesI remember not the mention of them in any Chinian relation: of
ChrinianSjwhich ( he faith) is the Religion in Cathay.there are not to my knowledge,
except fome late gleanings ofthe lefuits.any reported to be at all ni China,but at Xcn-
^vuuc.AnM. fi P at Xucheo,whichaUo were ahens, as appearcch by their complexion, long beards,
.Annai6oi. and the vfe of Bells.

And whereas in China thecucs and malefa6^ors are fcldomc executed ('and none
hathpower to execute any without fpeciallCommiffion from the King) but cither
they die by ftripes, hunger,or imprifonment,cxcept fome few once in a ycare. Mircu
Paftlfu and IofafiBari>^iro,{cQin the relation ofeye-witncfies,affirme,That in Cambalu

was



rera relatiories
Chin.

• If Vinquin
were Cambalu,
the inhabi-
tants would fo
ternie ic,as the
Cacbayansdid.



Chap. 12. ASIA, The fourth 'Booke, ^09

was fuchfuddcn and rigorous execution of lufticc, that one taking a larre of Milkc
from a womans head, and beginning to drinke, vpon the womans out-cry was appre-
hended, and prcfentlywith a fwordcutinfunder, that the bloud and milkeiffued to-
gether; a Tartarian Embaffadour affirming both this, and that he hadfecnethe like
execution vpon another, for taking a pcece of Baycs from a woman, ib chopped in
twaine. But the relation of the Chinian and Cathayan differing Rites will further
clearc this point. As for the name of Cathay, afcribed toChinaby thcMoores, I an-
fvverc,That^////^'«^^^«^''«'?«^i, whowasintheCourtof y!/4«^«C,(«, fuppofeth q frill Jt n.ubr.
Cathay to be Senca Rcgio, defcnbed by Ttdmej tarre more Northerly, then the Ic- H'>4'»'"-i.
fuite reporteth China to be, by hii owne Aftrolabicall obfcruation. And to thefe Se-
res^ /'to/fwr)'ioyncththe5/»*,orChinois,ontheSouth, and our later Geographers t?taU.S.t.\6,
oencrally concurre in this opinion. He alfo which readcth f loArmes de Piano Carpini, ^^^ ^^ p^^^^
fliallfinde, that the Tartars conquered the Kara-Kitai, orblackcCathayans, and then car'^.cap,^.
the Emperor ofKithai^by vndermining his Citie, as is faid,in the dayes oiCpgis ; and
yet a great part of Kitai remained yet vnconqucred, and withftood his forces, and
namely that part which is neercft the fea And this wealthy Countrcy of great Cathaya
hath many Prouinces, the more part whereof doe yet withltand the Moals or Tartars
(it is the laft printed period in William de '^R^brucjuu .) I hence gather,that the name Ki-
tai was applied to a great part of the North-eaft corner of Afia, happily no Icfle gene-
ral! to many Regions on that fide,then India to the Southerly parts. And why may not
thcnameof Kathay % as well by the Mogores andPerfians, bee giuen to the North tKkhMvfiin
parts of China (one pncell of theNorth-eaflof A(ia)as the name of India, not one- fromaTarta-
]y to io great a part of Afia, but to America alfo, which was called India, bccaufe the '"" Merchant
firtt Difcouerers thought they had encountered the Indian Continent? And thefe way"oCaiLy
partsofChina, may much fitter retaine the name of Cathay, to which Empire it had and in Cathay
folongbecnefubicit.andbytheCathayanconqueft wasfirftknownc to our world, itfclfehe rec-
Since my former Edition I met with the other part oi Rubmcjuis^ which Mailer koneth feuen-
H/?i^/«'f, (then whom I know none in this kinde raoreinduftrious) copied out of an "^fiucdayes
entire booke in theLibrarie of Bennet-Colledge in Cambridge. Where bctweene '^"f"^/' ^"t*
Catayaandlndiaheplacethafea: which fitly agreeth to the Chinian Mappc made
bythcChinois themfelues, who paint agreatBayor Gulfeofthc Sea betwixtthc
Northernc parts of China.which we reckon to Cathaia.and the Southernc which may
beaccounted to India. Further, he addeth. That ail the Nations of Great Cathaya
(which Epithete is not a little to be obferued) aie fituatc amongft the Caucafean hills,
on the North fide, euen to theEafterne Sea.

But they knew no Countrcy elfe fo named! True; for the Lawesof the Cathay-
ans forbidding egrefle of the Natiues, and ingrcfle of Aliens, and a more forcible law
of Mountaincs and Delerts , wildc beaftcs, and wilder men; the manifold fmaller
and more beggerly Segniories betwecne, cucry one challenging their ninth (if not
themfelues confifcating, or theirs robbing all ) now in fo long a fpace may burie euen
the name and knowledge of the great Can , whereas neither Anncs of Princes , nor
traffique of Subiefts, can open any new, or retaine the old notice of Nations. What
dreamesdidthe Weftconceiucof thcEaltin Afia,and South in Afriquc, till the ar-
mies firit, and Marchants after, of the Canhaginians, Macedonians, and Romanes
difcouercd them ? And yet how did thofe flouds of Barbarous people afterwards
drowne with barbarous ignorance the knowledge of all Arts, and this of Geographic
amongft the reft ? And till the Tartarians, like a terrible thunder-clap, with the light-
ning and noifcoftheir Armies, brought a more fudden then welcome knowledge of
themfelues to the world, who cuer in Perfiaor Aftyriahad heard oftheir names or
of diuers people elfe, (and thefe Cathayans.among the reft ) firft knowne by their con-
qucfls ? Further the lefuite himfelfe to Paquin afcribeth iuft fortie degrees : and Mar-
(Hi Paulas his Father and Vncle went from Boghar (the altitude whereof Mafter Icm.
kinfon « at his being there, obferued to be thirtie nine degrees, and ten minutes : or as u nac-
^ Abdfuda ypzjf/placeth it, thirtie nine and an halfe North and North-eaft to goe in- x JbUfadajfi
10 Cathay. The like courfe did the famemen hold going into Cathay, from Armenia «/'•«'"»«/:
afterwards with AiarcM himfelfe/)' /fw/jrt alU vtlta di Graco & Tramtntana; wheras a ^ ^'^-i- "/', i.-

N n 2 courfe



4<0 A Continuation of the Tartarian Hiiiorie. Chap.u,

coUrfc dire*5lly EaTl, or inclining to thcSouih, muH- hauebcenc taken, if China hid

bcencCani. Neither is it likely that their iourney would haue beene fo much letted

by Frolh andSnowes, The fame maybegathercdoutof the difcourfcs following in

t Lb.t.&lib.t. UMarcmPuHlw, ^ where he abutteth the Countries in fuccccdinglinkes to Cathay

from the Eaft.tb the Northwards, and from the North-cali declining Wert ward in red

koning from thence. And whereas Pantogia raifeth the moft Northerly part of China

bnt to two and fortie degrees at the moft,\vherein,as to an eye- witncffe we yceid him

credit : How can ic ftand with reafon, how can it bee likely that in thofe temperate

climes, the world canyeeld but a few Nations, and thofe bafeMoores, and Ethnikcs

when as a good part of Spaine, halfe Italy, Greece, all France, Germany, and Hunoa-

ric ( to omit other wealthy parts of ciic world) are fubicft to the fame parallels ? Aiid

indeed herein Pantogia harh well helped vs,whereasour moderne Mappcs haue caufed

no fmall fcruple to a diligent obfcruer, inplacingCathay, a Countrcy reported to be

a Hotfd.tab, fo fertile and ciuill info Northerly a dime, vcryindifcrectly '■ railing Camb^lntx>i\[z

heightof (ixtie degrees, and paralelling Cathay with Norwey : which cannot Hand

with other things thereof reported, howfocucr the Tartars thcmfclues were happily

ofa more Northerly climate then this mentioned. Others goe not fo farre yet they

place ^<*w^4/« too farre within land, which /'<«////« faith is within two dayes iourney

of the Sea. It fcemeth tiiat now this great Tartarian Prince hath no firength at fea and

therefore is the lefle knowne . And herein participate other great and mightic Princes

f relief lohv (fo called) of c^thiopia in Africa, and the S»fht, and great Mo?er in A-

fia ; ranked lultly amongft the gceateft Esnperours ofthe woridrwho hauing fomepart

of their Dominion adioyning to the Sea, make little or no vfe thereof z/ihtlfada If.

bAb.Jfmtelci. w^'^a Syrian Prince, who wrote an cxaft Geographic in Aiabikc b about three bun-

ted by Ramuf. dredyearcs fincc.placeth Caml>alii\n 744 8. Long, and :!^. 15. Latir. it may hap-

»p(.i. pily bee 45. degrees in Latitude, one Figure be. ngfalfified, orclfcinucrtedfor e:.

And as this Latitude difagrceth from that of Paquin, fo the Longitude a great dcaje"

more.

Thus much haue I thought good to difpute touching that difficult and hard queflj.
onof C<»f/»4;' and Ci/»^.- which though it will be tedious to fomc, yet to the curious
may (ceme fliort enough ; although fomewhat clfe may be obferucd to this purpofe in
the particulars of China, and Cathay following: this confirming my opinion further
that ChaggiMemet, Mar. Polo, Maude uiH, Odnncm^T^tco/odt Conti, and others,eyc-
VvitnefTes, fpeake oi China or Mangi. and of Cc.th.iy, as diuers Countries,
c M.P.I.J-5S- And Farfiir King of ^<»»^/ c poflefled his Countrics,how knowne by the name of
CA/Wii, in peace till ^n. ii6p. being counted aricherCountrey then ^<j/^^ritfclfe,
which was conquered before if we vndcrftand it properly:and ci«»j^(ti« fcemeth to b«
the Citic wherein Cwgis the firft Cbar» belieged and tooke the Cathayan Emperour.
Pau/w alfo mentioneth among the greateft Cities of M.ingi, Panghin, and Nanghm,
which found to be the fame with Taejuw and Nancfuttt ; reporting further that (JMin.
^ialonchadinitathoufandandtwo hundred great, rich, and iiluftrious Cities, (as
much as is reported of whole Chin^i and more ) and that after CMifai Can had'con-
quered that State, he diuidcd it into nine tributarie Kingdomcs, gouerncd by fo many
Vicc-royes vndcr him, (which pofiiblie thcCA»»mrecouering diuidcd into fifteene, as
now they reckon them, except we thinke that expelling the Tartars they added forae
parts of Cathaya alfo to their Kingdom:) And thefe Cities he fortified with Garrifons,
not ofthe Naturall inhabitants, but of Cathay. And thefethings are reported by him
who long lined in thefe parts, &von interfutt fohm fed ettMBfrtfuit, (^ cjuerumfm
»i<«|«<«/«/f, poflclTingthcpIaccof GouernourvndertheC/iwthtecyeares (according
d MarcVauhts to the Tartarian cuftome) mlxngut i one ofthe chicfe Cities of (JMangi, hauin" vn-
Ub.i, ca^.6o. der it fcuen and twentie other Cities : and the whole Prouince of (J\tangi hcplaceth
South-Eall from Cath*j. And wherefore doth the King of C^;»tfalw3ycs abide ia
Paej»w, in the Northerly part of his Kmgdome, but, as all which wrice hereof af»
firme.becanfc of the Tartan which from thofe parts conquered theKingdome?vvhich-
if they were fo bafe a people, as Pantogia aflirmcth , could not bee (o drcadfutl
to the Chmtu, that their King for their fakes fhoiild there make his rcfidence in the

skirts



Chap.i5» ■^S^'^* The fourth 'Booke,



411



skirts and borders of the Kingdome. Alhacen » a learned Arabian wrote the Hiftory
of Tumerknes life, wherein he telleth of the great Cham of Cambalu,and the King of
Ci&«»'« : as diucrs Princes of diuers Countries, one of whichaccrewcdto TamerUine
by marriage of the Chams onely Daughter, and the other by conqueft. What needed
fucha wall(whichlmy felfchauefecnedravviiein a MappeofChinaof a verie large
forme, and made in China it felfc with Chinian charaiflers,hanging in Mafter HAkluits
chamber at Wettminftcr) made by the C^imis, if the Tartars were not mightic neigh-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 82 of 181)