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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 83 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 83 of 181)
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bours.cfpecially themfclues being fo mightie and populous ?

For my part I cannot but thinkethat in fogreat atradlasisfituateto the North
of China, there is now, as there hauebeenc of old, many Cities, and a Tartarian or
CathayanKingdome, although it remaine yet vnknowne. And who knew that there
was fuch a Kin^dome as China an hundred yeares agoe ? Or who hath failed that way
tofeekethis, fince? And how long was it before it wasknowne in our world thac
there was fuch a Prince in the world, as the great '2\(.<?^«^, abouc mentioned, in ty£-
thiopia ; efpccially hce haumg no fhippes for watre or Merchandize , nor many
ffcatfe any) goodhauensby Sea to make himfelfe knowne: and within land Na-
ture hath as it were imprifoned him, barring vp the paffageswith Mountaines and
deferts: whichfeemcth nowto bee the cafe of the Cathayan; furthered by the iea-
loulieof many great Princes, not to admit any Forreiner in, or licenfe any of theirs
topaflcout, forfeareof innouation. SedfUnum aleaelt, faith ^ Scaltger, de iji di~
qmJftatuere qu£ nobis fer caligtnem iuntaxM notafunt. It is hard to determine in thcfe
iriiflic myfteries. Euenas in Nature it falleth out that the Sunne ftiineth there many
hour« before it arifcth to vs, fo inHiftorie it may happen that there mayfliinea
Tartarian Sunne in Cathay , when as a darke night in thislonginquitie of diflance
hidethhim from our eyes. Let euerie Reader iudge as pleafeth him : I am afraid be-
twixt Cathay and China I fhallgeta checke for flaying longer then becommeth a
Pilgrim. Let vs now therefore mindc our Z'</^r/w<«f(?, and take view of the Tartari-
an Religion : with thankes to the Icfuites for their paines, but loath to follow them in
nouelties except wee be forced : the rather, becaufe none are fo readie to blame meft
therein as their Societte; which though they be new fprung vp,yet are Veteratores, (fo
Sca/iger fitly « calleth them) pretenders of Antiquitie, but '^ nihil illis anttqmus qnam
Mtiauare anticjxitatem. It is indeed for their nouelties that we forfake them. Id verins
atiedtiriui. Truth and Antiquitiehauekifled each other. But let vsleauethclefuites,
which in more neccflarie matters haue left the true Antiquitie, and coiiic to our Tarta-
rian taskc.



a Alhacen his
HiftoricofTa-
wcW^nf,cran-
fljted by lean,
dHBCh



h Seal, de «^.
Slttixrum.Cm,



c Seal, Elmh.

N.S.

d Stepb. verba

f/auluhim muu^

ta, in lib. dt



Ch A P. XIII.

oft he Religion of the Tartars, and Cathnyans,

Oannes^de P/<i«oC^r/)/»ithuswritethoftheir Religion. Theybeleeue e loJePl.Car,
thatthereisoncGod, the Maker of all thingsvilible and inuifible, c.3.«p.H4.t».i«
the Author of good things and punifhments, .yet doe they not wor-
fhiphimwithprayers.prayfes, or any certaine rites. They haue alfo
Idollsof Fek,inthefa{hiouof aman, and the fame they fet on both
fidesof their Tent-doores, and vnder them they put a thing of Felt
fafliionedlikeaDuggc. Thefe they account the keepers of their Cattell, Authors of
their Milke and yongOore. Other^they make of Silke, and doe them much honour.
Some place them in afairc Chariot couered.before the dore of their ftation : and who-
foeuer ftealcth any thing out of that Chariot is flaine without all pittic.Their Captains
haucone alway in the middcft of their Tent. To thefe Idols they offer the firft fruits
of their Milke : and the firft morfels of their meat, and firft draught of their drinke.at
mcales. And when they killabeaft.theyofferthe heart to their IdoU, leiuing it be-
fore him till the morning, and then they take and eateit. They make an IdoU alfo ro

N n 3 their




411



Of the %eligion of the Tartars^ and Cathayans. Chap .15.



Their Cnnes.



their ChiefcEmpcrour, and offer thereunto with great folemnitie, as well other crea.

tures as horfes.which none after dare ride on till death. They breake not a bone of die
hearts which they kill for meatc, but biirne them with fire. They bend thcinfeluesto
this Idoll toward the South, as toaGod.They worfhiptheSunne, Lights, and Fire;
Water alfo, and the Earth, offering thereunto the firft of their meats and drinkes,and
in the morning before they eate or drinke. They haue no fet rites prefcribtd by Law,
nor doe they comnell any to deny their religion fimphc : although in fome of their cii.
domes they are very rigorous. Thus they martyred Mtchatl Duke of Ruffia, becaufe
hetefurcdtodoercuerence to the Imageof C/«^w C^w, which had bcenc their fitft
Empcrour : and compelled the yonger brother oi Andrew Duke of Saruogle in Ruflia,
to marrie his laid brothers Wife according to their cufiomc, after that they had flaiuc
her former Husband.

They haucceitainetraditions.according to which they reckon thcfe things follow,
ing to be fmnes.To thrurt a knife into the fire or any way touch the fire with a knife.ot
withtheir knife to take fleili out of the Cauldron, or to hew with an hatchet neere to
the fire.For they thinke that they fhould fo cut away the head of the firc.Thcy account
itfinnealfotoleaneonthe whip wherewith they beate their horfes (for theyridenot
withf urrcs.) Alfo to toucharrowes wicha whip, to take or kill yong Birds, to.ftrike
an horic with the raine of their bridle, and to breake one bone againrt anoihet. Like,
wife to po»\re out meat, milke, or any kindc of drinke, vpon the ground : or to make
water within their Tabernacle, which whofoeuerdoth willingly, isllaine : but other-
wile he murt pay a great fumme of money to the Inchanter to be purified : who cau-
feili the Tabernacle, with all things therein, to paffebetwcene two fires. Bcfides, if a-
ny hath a morfcll giuen him "vhich he is not able to fwallow,and for that caiife caftctK
it out of his mouth there is an hole made vnder his Tabernacle, by which he is drawne
forth, and flaine without all compaflion. Likewiie whofocuer treades vpon the thre.
fhold of any of the Dukes Tabernacles, he is put to death. Thus arethclc (^^.ns fluu
tied^ when as hoftile inuafions, murther, and fuch other Camels, areeafily amongft
thcm/»'-2//<»»!'r<i.They thinke that after death they fhall Hue in another world and there
multiply their catttli, eate, drinke, and doe other af^ions of life. At a new Moonc,or
a full Moone, they begin a!lnew cnterprifes. They call her the great Emperour, and
bow their knees and pray thereto. The Sunnc they fay is the Moones mother,bccauie
{he hath thence her light.

rheyarr giuen toDiuinations, Auguries, Sooth-fayings, Witchcrafts, Inchaiit-
ments : and when they rcceiueanfwere from theDiuell, they attribute the fame vmo
God .v'^hom they call /fo^.i.and the Comanians call him Chan, that is,EiT)peror,whom
they maruelloufly feare and rcuercncc, offering to him many Oblations , and thefirft
fruits of their meatc and drinke. According to his anfwcre they difpofe all things.Thcy
belccue that all things are purged by fire : rherefore when any Embaffadours, Princes,
or ether Perfonageswhatfoeuer, come vnto them, they and their gifts muft paffe be-
tweene two f res to be purified, lert peraduenture they haue pradlifed fome Witch-
craft, or haue brought fome poyfon or other mifchiefe with them. And if fire fall from
hcauen vpon men or hearts, which there often hapneth; or if they thinke themfelues
any way defiled or vncleane,they thus are purified by their Inchanters. If any be ficke,
aft'careisfet vp in his Tent with blacke Felt welted about it, and from thenceforth,
no rtrangerentercth therein. For none of them which are prcfent at his death, may

• enter thehordof any DukcorEmperour,tiilaNew-Moone. When he is dead,if he
bcachiefeman, he is buried in the field where pleafeth him. And he is buried with
hi' Tent, fitting in the middeft thereof, with a Table fet before him, and a planet
• f wJ.3o.£,8tf. full of meatc. and a Cuppe of Mares-milke. There is alfo buried with him* a Mare
and Colt, aHorfe with bridle and faddle: and they eate another Horfe,whofe bones
the women burnc for the fouleofthe dead, ftufting his hide with ftravv, fetting it aloft
ontwoorfourepoies, that heemay haue in the other world a Tabernacle and other
things fitting for his vfe, Theybutichij gold and filuer with him: the Chariotor
Cart in which he is carried forth is broken, his Tent is dcftroyed, neither is it lawful!
to name his name, till the thud generation. They obfcrue alfo other funerall RitcSi

too



Their Sorce
ries.



Their ficknes
andFuneialls



C H A p. 13. ASIA. The fourth Booke, 41^



toolongtorchearfe. They I.'mcnt their dead thiniedaycs , moreorlcflc. Their Pa^

renc5,and thole ofcheir family are thus deaiifcd: They make twofiresand pitch neerc

thereunto two Speares, with aHnefrom thetop of the one to the other, fallening

on the liine line fome pieces of Buckram, viider which , andbetwixt the fires, paflc

the men, hearts, and Tents. There ftandahb two women; one on this fide, the other

on that,cafting water,and repeating certaine charmes : if any thing fall, or be broken,

the inchantcrs haue it. And if any be flaine of Thundcr,thc men in the Tent muft thus

be cleanfed and all things in the Tenc,beingotherwifc reputed vncleane.and not to be Their condi-

touched. No men arc more obedient to their Lords then the Tartars. Theyfeldomc "°"^'

contend in wordes.neuer in deedes. They are rcafonably courteous one to another:

their women arc chaftc; adulteric is feldome heard of and theft is rare, both punifli-

ed by death. Drunkenncfle common, butwithout brails among thcmfelucs.ordif-

credic among others. Thevareproudc,greedic,deccitfull. They catc Dogs, Wo'ues,

Foxes, Horfcs.and in neccfliitic, mans flcfh, Mice, and other filth , and that in as filthy

a manner, without Cloathcs, and Napkins (their Bootes and the Graflc can ferue to

wipe their g. eafic handes ! ) they haue no Bread, Hearbes, Wine, Meate or Bccre, not

doe they wafh their diflies. It is a great finnc amongft them to fufter any of their food

tobc lort : and therefore they will not beliow a bone on a Dogge, till they haue eaten

the ntarrovv.

XvD Narbonenfts in an Epiflle recited by Mat. Tar^s^ yinno i 243. reportcththe b Uat.Paw:
confcflion of an Englifhman,which was taken withothcrTartars by the Chrirtians.Hc
faith, the: tliey called by the Name of Gods the auncient founders and fathers of their
Tribcs,and at ict times did folcmnize feafts vnto then),many ofthem being particular,
and but fcure oncly generall.Thcy ihinke that all things are created for themielues a-
lone.They be hardie and ftrong in the breaft,leaneand pale- faced, rough & huf fhoul-
dred,hauing flat and fhort nofes Jong and fharpe chins.their vpper jawes low and de-
clining, their teeth long and thin, their eye. browes extending from their foreheads
dovvne to their no(es,their eyes inconftant and blacke, their thighes thicke,and legges
fhort,yetequall to vs in (hturc.Theyareexcel!entArchers.Vanquifhcd,they askeno
fiuour;aiid vanqui{hing,they fliew no compaflion.They all pcil It as one man in their
purpofc of fubduing the whole world.

Their proudc fwelling titles appearc in the copies of thofe Letters ofDuke Baioth-
roy and Cntn C,j<«,exprefled by « Vincenttiu. One ofthem beginneth thus : By tbt fre-
eeftoftheliHiyigGi)d,Cmp(chimfon>ie ofthefweetand 0orP:!pfuU Godfaith , that God 'i^'"""'^"-
uhrgh ahoue all , the immortal I God, and vfoii Earth Cingifcham oncly Lorde^^c. C'%\^<'
Thefe Letters of the Emperour , the Tartars called the Letters of God : and fo begin-
ncth Duke Eaiothnoy to the Pope.who had fent Frier ^fcetUne, with ^/cxaader, Albe-
ricM^ind S imsn, tKithsx'm Embaflage. The nverdcfBziothnoyjfctit by the dminediffoji^
tittt of Chdm K>:oT» thus O Pope,dr-c.

Frier Iol/>!,'^ faith he.ftiles himfelfe. The power of God, and Emperonr of all men : and a j j p
hath in his Scale ingrauen words oflikeeffe6t,as is akeadieflievvcd. Afaf/detti/l ^hzth e c.37.
the fame report. Sir io..Ma"d.

Will, de Rubru^Hts f faith, that they haue diuidcd Scythia amongfi them , from Da- ^ ^'.dcKubr,
nubius to the Sunne rifing cuety Captaine knowing the bounds ot his paftures which
they fccdc, in the Winter defceniingSouthwaids, afcendingin the SummerNorth-
wards. Their houfcs are moueable,remoued on great Carts which containe twcntie
foot bctweene the wheeles ; their houles on each fide ouer-reaching fine foot, drawne
by aboue twentic Oxen. When they take them downe,they turne the doore alwaies to
the South.Ouer rhe Mafters head is an Image of Felt, called the Afafierr brother : and
another oucr the head ofthe good wife or Miftres, called her ^^-er/^f r, fafkned to the
wall; and betwixt both ofthem is a little leane one, which is the keeper ofthe whole
houfe. She hath alfo at her beds feeteaKidsskin,filledwithwooli,and a little Image
looking towards the Maidens and Women. Next to the doore on the womensfidc
(which is the E3lt,as the mans lidc is on the Weft ) there is an Image with a Cowes
Vdder foi the women,whofe office itis to milke the Kinc : on the other Cde anotheir

with



414



Of the ^ligion of the Tartars ^afidCathajans. C H a p. 13.



Rubruq.pars alt.
M.S.



"Churned
Marcs.inilkc.



g L.uc.^6.



L.\^,i6.



With a Mares Vddcrfor the men. Whcnthey makemerrie, they fprinklc their drinkc
vponthcfe Images in order, beginning at the Maflers. Then goeth a fcruant out of
the houfc with a cup full of drinke , fprinkling thrice toward the South , and bowing
the knee at euery time : and this is done for the honour of the Ftre. Then performetli
he the like fuperflition toward the Ea(l, for the honour of the ^yre .- next to the Weft
for the honour of the K-'ater : and laftly.to the North.in the behalfc of the Dead. When
the Mafter holdeth a cup in his hand to drinke , before he tafteth thereof he poureth
his part vpon the ground : if hee drinketh fitting on horfc-backc, he fiirtpoureth
part thereof on the Mane of the Horfe. After the feruant aforcfaid hath difcharged
his cups to the foure quarters of the world, he retumeth to the houfc : and two other
feruants ftand readie with two cups, and two Bafons, to carric drinke vnto their Ma«
ftcr,and that Wife, which lay with him the laft night, fitting together onabcddc.
Their Sooth-fayers or Inchanters are their Priefts. To this may be added out of the
Manufcript abouc mentioned, their Diuination by three bones, through which (be-
ing firfl burned blacke) the diuinor looks; and ifthe fight paflcthftraight and tight,
it is a good token ; but if it be inwardly crooked or broken, hee then vpon this euiU
prefageceafeth from his enterprife.(Mafter7e«J^M/ow traucUcd with certaine Tartars,
which diuined by the blade-bones of fhcepe,foddc and then burnt to powder, which
beingmingled with the bloud of the flicepe, they writ therewith certaine charaderj,
with diuers wordcs and ceremonies, and thence diuined of their fuccefle, which they
found true to their coll). Theyvfed diuination alfo by foure fwords. MtingH Ctm
defired a conference betwixt the Chriftians, Saracens, and Idolaters, to feewhichof
them could make beft proof of his Religion. The Moal Tartars piofefledto beleeue
oneonclyGod, the Author oflifc and death: but as the hand, which is one, hath di-
uers fingcrSjfo thought he and they,that this one Cod was plcafed with diuers wayes
of deuotion. Their Priefts were diuiners : they were many, but had one Captaine or
chiefe Bifhop,who al wayes placed his houfc or Tent before that of the Great Cm^ a«
boutaftonescaftdiftant. He had charge of the Waine which carried the Idols :the
other Priefts had theirplaces appointed them. Some of them were Aftrologers.fpccU
ally that High-Prieft,which foretold the eclipfes of the Moonc. All the people pro-
uided them their meatjthat they might not goe out of their Tents. When an Eclipfe
happens they found their Organs and Timbrels, and make a great noyfe: and when
it is part they make great feafting,drinking,and mirth. They foretell holy dayes,and
thole which are vnluckie for enterprifes. No warrcs are begunne or made without
their word. Theycaufc all prefcnts which are fcnt to the Can to paffc through the
fire : they purifie the houfhold of the dead by the like rite , which before may not bee
touched. Onthciiinthdayof May they, aflcmble all the white Mares, andhallow
them: at which the Chriftians muft be prefent with their Cenfers. They thencatton
the ground new* C(?/5w«j,and make a great feaft. They foretell the deftinies of Infants
ftewly borne: andwhenoneis ficke, tbeydiuincbycharmes whether the difeafe be
naturall,or proceed of forceric. They are tbcmfclues Witches, Slaunderers,Inuoker$
oftheDiuell : this they dd'c in the night, letting flefh inthemiddes of the houfc rea*
dy boyled, vfing charmes,Timbrells,and falling into madfits are bound.Then comes
the Diuell and giues them anfwers. Thus much RubrnqHts.^

AI.PaHlus thus reporteth oftheirReligion : They fay g that there is a God on high
in heauen,ofwhom lifting vp their handes, and fmiting their teeth three times toge-
ther,euery day with Cenler and Inccnfc they defiie health, and vnderftanding. They
place a Table aloft,in the wall of their houfe, in the which is written a name , that re»
prefenteth this God. They haue anothet,which they call N^tigaj ( or Itogaj ) of Felt
or other ftuffe in euery houfc. They make him a Wife and Children, and fet his Wife
on the left hand,and his Children before him.which feeme to doc him reuercncc.Thif
they call the God of earthly things,which kecpeth their children, beafts,and come :
and whcnthey eate they annointhis mouth with the fat, and the mouthetof hiswife
and children,and then caft out the broth out of the doore vnto other fpirits.And when
their God hath had his part^they take theirs. OhhisN^ftig^jf, they with like ceremo*

Dies



Chap.13* ASIA. The fotsrth 'Booh,



nies of lifting vp their handes, and finitingof thcir.teeth , dcfire temperature of the
ayre/riiits ofthc earth, chi'dren, and fuchlike. Their wiues arc exceeding chafte and ^ j ^ j,
obfcruant : and though they be many, yet cia%4chel and Leah, yd, ten ortwcncie
of them, agree with a maruellous vninn, intent vnto their houfhouid , and other hufu
ncflCjWbcrcby they arc gainefull, and not chargeable to their Hu&bands. When they
hiarrie,' the Husband coucnanteth with the father of the Mayde , who hauinggiuen • ^j„- l
him power to take her wherefoeucrhe fhallfindeher,hc fceketh her among fome of inthisfou.'
herfrieijdi, where flic hath then ofpurpofe hidden her felfe,aHd byakinde of force
carrieth her away. They marrie with any,excf pt their ownc Mother and Sifter. Theic
Widdowes fcldome marrie, becaufc of their feruice to their former Husbands in an
othcrvvorld, except the fonne marrie his fathers wiues, or tlie brother his brothers,
bccaufeth-y can there in the next world, bee content to rcfigne them to their for-
mer Husbands againc. The women buy , fell, and prouide all neceflaries into the
houfejthc men intending nothing but their Armes, Hunting and Hawking. If one
hath buried a Male-childe,and another a Female, the parents contraft a marriage be-
twixt thole two, and painting in papers, ScruantSjHorfes.Clothes, and Houf}iould,and
making writings for the confirmation of the Dower, burne thefe things in thef]re,by
ibefmokewherofthcy (in their fmokieconceits)imagine all thefe things to becaried
and confirmed to their children in the other world ; and the parents of the two dead
parties claimc kindred eachof other : as if they iiideede had married their children
while they liued.

laXatudsf d\d Cftilii C*» build a ftatelyPallacc, cncompafling fixtecne miles of
plainegr«und with a wa]1,vvherein are fertile Meddowes,p!eafantSprings,dclightfuU
Strcames,and all forts of bcafts of chafe and game, and in the midtieft thereofa futtip-
tuous houfc of pleafure,v?hii?h may be remoucd from place to place. Here he doth a.^
bide in the moneths oflune July, and Augurt.on the eight and twentieth day wherofi
hedeparteth thence to another place to do facrifice on this manner: He hath a Heard
crDroue of Horfes and Marcs, about ten thoufand, as white asfnow; of therhilke
whereof none may taHe,cxce{)t he be of the bloud oiCingu Can. Yea, the Tartars doc
thefe bcafts great reuerence,nor dare any crofle their way,or goe before them.Accor-
ding to the dirc6tion'ofhis Aflrologers or Magicians,he on the eight and twentieth ,v •

of Auguft aforefaid , fpendeth and poureth forth with his ownehandes themilkeof
thefe Mares in the ayre, and on the earth, to giiie drinke to the fpirits and Idols which
they worfliip,that they may prefcruc the mcn,women,beaft£ibirdsjConic, and other
things grow ing on the earth,

Thefe Aftrologers.or Necromancers, ari: in their Arc maruellous.When the skic is Their SeSs
cloudieandthreatncthrainc, they will alccndthc roofc of the Pallaccofthc Grand andOrdets.
Crf^iandcaufethcraineand tempefts to fall round about, without touchingthc faid
Pallace. Thefe which thus doc are called Tir^(rr^,'andCi^J'5w<V;tWo forts of Idolaters^ r«i«fcand
which delude the people with opinion of their fancftitie, imputing thclc workes to cbejmsr,
their diflemblcdholinefle : and for this caufe they goe in filthy and beaftly manner,
not caring who feeth them, with dirt on their faces, neutr wafhing nor combing
themfelues. And if any be ccndcmned to dcath,they takcjdrefTe.and eatc him : which
they doe not if any die naturally. They arc alfo called iJ<v<r^y», that is, offuchaReli. Sackfti
gion or Order; as if one (Tiould fay aFrifer-Prcachcr, or Minor, and arc exceedingly
expi^rt in their diuellifli Art. They caufe that the Bottles in the Hall of the great Can
doe fill the Bolls ofchcirowne accord, which alfowithbiit mans helpc, paflfe tenne
pacesthroughthcaycjinto thehandesofthcfaid^rfw; and when he hath drunke,in
like fort returnc to their place. Thefe 5.«c^/ fomctimesrcfort vnto the officers, and
threaten plagues or other misfortune from their Idols, which topreucnt they dcfire fo
many Muttons with blackc heads,and fo many pounds of Inccnfe, and LigttHm ^!eei
to pcrforme their due facrifices. Which they accordingly rcceiuc and offer on their
Feaft-day.fprinkUng Broth before their Idols. There be of thefe, great Monafteriesj
whichfcemclikeafrnallCitic, in fomc whereof are two thoufand Menkes, which
{haue their heads and beards , and wcarc a religious habltc , and hallow their Idols

fcalls



4 1 <^ Of the ^ligion of the Tartars ,and Ca thajans. C h a p . 1 3,



fcaftswith great folemnitie of Hymncs and lights. Someofthefe may bee married.
Stnfim. Othertherc arc, called Senfm , an order which obferueth great abftinencc and ftriS-

ncfle of life , in all their hfe eating nothing but Branne , which they put in hot water,
and let it ftand till all the white of the meale betaken away.and then eatc it being thus
wafhcd. Thefe worfhip the Fire, and arc condemned of the other for Hcretikes , be-
caufe they worfliip not their Idols , and will not marrie in any cafe. They are fhaucn
and weare hempen-garments of black or bright yello w,and although they were filkc
yet wouldthcy not alter the colour. They fleepc on great mats , and Jiuc the auftercft
life in the world. «

Of their Aftrologers in Cambalu were not fewer then fiuc thoufand j Chriftians,
Catayans,and Saracens,maintained with foode and rayment at the great C^vs charge.
Thefe, by their AHrolabe foretell of the change of weather, mortalitie, warres, difea-
fes, &c. And ifanycnterprife any great workc, heercforteth vntothem, and telling
the houre of his natiuitie, by their Art is informed of the fucceflc. They hold the loule
to be immortall, and according to euory mans merits in his life , to paffc into a more
noble creature, till it be deified ;orignoble, as toapefant, and then to a Doggc,and
fo by degrees to the vilefl:. They (hew much reucrenccto their parents, to whom if
any bcvngratefuilin their necelTitiejthereisan office and officers appointed to trie
and punifh the offence. In the Emperours hall none dare fpit,but for that purpofeca-
rieth a little veffell to fpit in : nor dare any there make any noylc or lowd talking. The
Tartars were at firft very vncharitablc to the poorc, and would curfe them, faying,
That ifGod had loucd them, he would haucprouidcd for them : but after the Idola-
trous "S-ic/j^^ had commended Almcs for a good workc, there was great prouifion
made for them,and cuery day at leaft twentie thoufand diflies of Rice , Mill, and P».
nike,bycertaine Officers dilhibutcdamongft them. An^fbf this liberahtic they a-
dorchimasaGod.
Vmeertt.teU O'^g'^ amongfl his firft Lawcs enabled (as faith VinctntiM)t\\c punifhmcntof

fptchiftorM. death to bemflidled vpon offenders in thofe three vices, which before time had bcene
30.M.70. inoft rife amongft them,namely,lying,adultcrie,and theft : of which yet towards other



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 83 of 181)