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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 84 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 84 of 181)
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men that were not Tartars they made no confcicncc.
C4 yy. They are great Vfurers,taking tenne in the hundred for a moneth, bcfides vfe vpon

yfcjinfomuch, that a fouldier in Georgia, which had borrowed fiue hundred pieces
of coyne called ?))*r/)fnj,retayning the fame fiueyeares, was conftraincu to repay fe-
uen thoufand. And a Tartarian Ladic for fcuenyeares vfe of fiftieflieepe,dem3unded
feuen thoufand 27'"'/''>'<«. They are lb couetous, that though they abound in cattell,
they will fcarce allow any to their owne expence, while it is found and good, butif it
C4.7*." ■ die.orbe ficke. They are addidted to fodomic or buggerie. They eate fometimesfot

C4.77. neceflitiemans flcfh, fometimes to delight themfclues, and fomccimes to tcrrifie

others, reckoning it a great glory to haue flaine many,and that by varictie of crucltie.
Their heads they fhaue from care to care, in manner of a horfe-fliooc; wearing long
lockes at their eares and ncckcs. There be feme of the Tartars, which when they fee
their fathers grow olde and difeafed, they giue them fattc meates which may choakfr
Ct.xS^ them. And when they are rhus dead, they burne their bodies, refcruing the allies as a

precious jewell,fprinkling their meates with that po wider. But if any thinke not this
enough (which I am afraid the moft will decmc too much) let him refort to the large
reports of'L'/»r(r«f/«f in his three lafJBookes , an Author, I confefle, otherwife fabu-
lous, and roonkifli, but herein to be beleeued, as receiuing hjs Reports from the eye-
witneffes.



Chap.



Chap.I4» ASIA. The fourth 'Booke* 417




Chat. XII 1 1.
Ofthefelihiiilfolemmttes^ind of the magnificence of the Grand Can,

.Ec haue already fpoken of the folemncfacrificc obfei-ued on the eight
and twentieth dayof Auguft : we reade in our Author '■AdanmPaPi-
Itufiw eye-witnes of thefe his reIations,of other the GranA Caw "rand
folcmnitics. Of which, two are principall ; one on his birth-dayji
whichin^^^AtzTT'^wtiine was the eight and twentieth of Septem-
ber. On which hijnfclfe was royally clothed in cloth of gold, and twenty thouiand of
his Barons and fouldiers were all apparelled in one colour, and like (excepting the
price)to himfelfe, eucry one hauing a girdle wrought ofGold and Siluer,and a paire of
{hooes.fome of their garments richly fct with pcarles and je\vels,which they wearc on
thcthirteeiie folemnities, according to the thirteene Moonesof the yearc. On this
day all the Tartars,and feueral Princes fubie6l,prefent him with rich giftsj and all feds
ofReligions pray vnto their gods for his health, and long life.

But their chicfefeaft is on the firfl day oftheir yearc, which theybcginneinFcbru-
aryjCelcbrated by the GrMid Can, and all the Countries fubied to him : in which they
arc all araycd in whitc,a colour in their eflimation portending good luckc. < And then
he is prefented with many clothes and horfes ofwhite colour, and other rich prefents,;
in the fame religioufly obferuing the number of nine; as nine times nine horfcs,if they
beabIc,andfo of pieces ofgold,cloth, and the reft. Then alfo the Elephants (whicn
are about fiue thouiand) arc brought forth in fumptuous furniture: and Camels couc-
redvvithfilke. And in the morning they prefent thcmfclues in the Hall as many as
can,thereft Handing without in their due order. Fiift , thofe of the Imperiallprogc-
nic; next, the Kings, Dukes, and others, in their due place. Then commeth fortha
great man or Prelatcjwhichcryeth out with alowdvoyce; Bowdowne yourfelucs,
and worfhip : which they prefently doc,with theirfaces to the earth. This Prelate ad-
dethjGodfaue and prefcrue our Lord, long to liucwithioy and gladncfle. They all
anfwerc; God grant it. The Prelate againc ; God incrcafe his Doniin:on,and preferue
in peace all his iubieds, and profper all things in all his Countries. Whcreunto they
anfwerc as before. Thus doe they worfhip fbure times.After this,the faid Prelate go-
cthtoan Altar ihere,richly adorned; on which is a red Table, with the name of the
Great Cufi written in it.and a Cenfer with Inccnfe,which he incenfeth in ftead of them
all,with great rcuerence performed vnto the Table. This done, they returne to their
places, and prefent their gifcs,and after are fcalkd.

When CubLu had ouerthrowne Naiatn his vncle (as before is faid ) vnderftanding
that the Chriftians obferucd their yearcly folcmnitie of Eafter, he caufedthem all to
come vnto him, and to bring the Booke of the fou re Gofpcis, which he inccnfed often
with great Ceremonies , deuoutly killing it , and caufcd his Barons to doe the like.
Andthis he obferueth alway in the principall feaftsof the Chrifiians, as Ch-iHrn^iffe
znA Easier. The like he did in the chicle feaftsof the Saracens, Icwcs, and Idolaters,
Thccaufe(hefaid) was bccaufe ofthoiefourc Prophets, to which all the world doth
rcuerence : I e s y s of the Chriftians, A'lahomet oi the Saracens , Aiofes of the lewes,
and Sogomamheir Can the firft IdoU of the Pagans ; and I (faith he) doe honour to them
all,and pray him which is the grcateft in Heauen,and trueft, to hejpe me. Yet he had
beft opinion of the Chriftian faith, bccaufe it contained nothing but goodncfle: and
would not fuffer the Chriftians to carrie before them the Croffc , on which fo great a
man as Chrift was crucified. HeaUbfent A'lco/o indjl/affa, the father and vncle of
J/rfvcoP.i/oour AuthorjinEmbaffagctothePope, to fend him a hundred wile men
which might conuince the Idolaters, that boafied of thofe their magicall wonders,
whereas the Chriftians that were there , were but fimple men , not able to anfwere
them; which if it hadbeene eftedcd.hee and hisBarcns w'ouldhaue becne baptized.
Thomoia lefH,2, lefuite in his fecond booke oi Procu7-ing theconucr/ionofa/lNatia»s,tc-
portcthjthat Clement the fife ordained lohna Monte (^orttino , a Minorite , Archbirtiop

of



a SHarcut
VmIus.



41 8 Oftkfefiiuall/olemnitieSj and magnificence , (6rc. C n a p .1 4.



of Cambalu, and nine otber of the fame Order he confecrated Bifliops, and tcoke ot-
der for the fucceflbur ot the Archbifliop, when he died. Whether thefe went or no
is vnccrtaine. Great pitie it is, that the lefuites, men of fo refined wits, and fuch
mightiemirade-mongers, (our world muft witneffe the one, and the Eaftand VVtft
the other) were but of yefterdaies hatching.and that IgKAtim had not broken his Icgge
before thole time). Thefe had beenc (ifthey then had beene) thconely mento hauc
rcmoued thoie obic6ted icandals of the fimplicitie of Chriftians.and to haue confron-
ted thefe MagicallMontebankes, as the Can heere required. But thefe were rclerue4
to timcsmorc fatall to the Pope, to heipe at a dead lift, by peruertings heere and cou-
uertings there, to hold vp the fuppofcd fanditie of the triple diademe. But lookc wc<
toourTar:ars.
b OdoYicui b OdoricM falthjthat in his time the Can celebr3ted,befides the former,the fcafis of

vinc.& la. j^ij circumcilion, marriage, and coronation. But before the conqucft of Cathay they
^''*'"" obfcrued not any day at all with feftiuall folemnities.

C»^/<»C.4« wasof meaneftaturc, of countenance white, red, andbeautifull. Hee
hadfoure wiues, whrch kept feuei all Courts, the kali ofwhich contained at kaft ten
'thoufandperfons.Hchad many concubines; eucry (econdyeere hauing a new choice
of the fairefl maidens in the prouince of Vngut, moft fertile (helike) of that commocti-
tie : vNhichpafTeafecond eledtionattheCourt, and the faireftandfitteftofthcmatt
committed to Ladies, to prooue andto inftru6tthem. Their parents hold it a great
grace fo to haue bcftowed their children: and if any of them proue not, they impute it
to their difaftrous planet. They hold it for a great beautie, to hauc their nofes flat be-
tweenethecies.

In December, lanuary, and February, he abideth at Cambalu, in the North- Eaft

part ofthc prouince of Cathay, in aPallacenecrcto theCitie builded on this manner.

There is a circuit walled in, fburefquarc, each fquarc containing eight miles, hauing

The Grand about them a decpe ditch, and in the middle a gate, Aniileinwards is anotherwall,

Cans pallace. which hath fix miles in each fquare ; and in the South fide three gates, and as many on

the North. Betwixt thofe walks arc fouldicrs. Ineuery cornerofthis wall.andinthe

middeft, is a Rztdy pallace, eight in all, w herein are kept his munitions. There is i

third wall within this, containing foure miles fquare, each i'quare taking vp one mile,

hauing fix gates and eight pallaccs, as the former, in which are kept the CJr^»<^C<j«

prouifions. And betweene thefe two walks are many faire trees, and meadowes Ho*

red with many beafh. Within this is the Grand ^ans Pallace, the greatcft that cuet

wasleene, confining with the wall abouefaid, on the North andSouth. The matter

and forme thereof is offuchcoft and Af, with fuch appurtenances of pleafiire and

ftate, as were too long heere to recite. Heeforafuperftitious fearefuggcficdhyhis

Aflrologers,of a rebellion which fometime fbould be laifed agaiiiH him in Cambalu,

, . J built a new Citie neere thcrunto called Taidii <= 14. miles in compafl"e,and yet not able

leihitto^fl. torcceiuethe Inhabitantsof the old Citie, whence hee remoued fuch as might moue

fufpicion, hither. This Citie was built by line,in fouie fquares.eath w hereof contained

fix miles, and three gates, lb flreighr, that vpon the wall of one gate one might feethe

gate right againlt it, In the midrt of the Citie is a great Bcil,which is 1 ung in thenight,

to warne men to kecpe within doores. Tlic great Can hath twelue thoufand horfemen

vnder foure Captains to his gard. He keepeth leopard?,wohics,and lions to hunt with,

and with them to take wild a{l'es,beares, harts, &c. and one fort of eagles able to catch

wolues. The twomalkrs of his hu.'ting game had ten thoufand men vnder each of

thenijthe one part clothed in red , the other in skie colounand when the Emperor hun*

teth one of thefe C^ptaines goeth with his men and dogs on the right hand, the other

on the left, compafTing a greatquantitie of ground, that not abealt can efcape them.

From 06lobcr to March,tncy are bound daily to fend in a thoufand head ofbeaHsand

Qclericiis rec- birds. He hath alfo when he trauelleth, ten thoufand falconers diuided in diuers coni-

koneth agiea- panics himfclfe abiding in a chamber cariedv() on foure Elephants,whcnce he may fee

tcr number. the game, hauing alfo his tents pitched for his folace neere thereby. None may carrie

hawkc or hunting dog out of his dominion, nor may haw kc or hunt neere the Court

by many daies iouraies, nor a: all, in their times of breeding, from March to Off obcr,

.But



Chap.I^* ASIA. The fourth Booke* ^ip




But he that lift to be more fully informed hcercin,lct him reade Al.Pau/ai zndo^ '"yincai.'.-^o.
fhers * which hauc written of this Argument. It is Religion toys further to fulpcnd 5i-^«.s«w/.
ourdifcourfe of Religion. skj.G.b.b «^1

Chap. XV.

of the alteration of Religion nmong the tartars : and eft he diuers
fortSyJecfs^andnationsofthem now remAining.

vFtfrfo long narration of the Religion of the auncicnt Tartars, and of
ItheCathayans, where their Emperours fxed their abode : it follow-
jethto confidei' of the times following, whctein they hauc becnedi-
uided both in Policicand Faith. c^<«^?«*«*diuideth them intofiuc ^MugGeogr,

„ ^iprincipallfortes; which may likcwifc be (iibdiuided into manyinferi- r^''^"/". ©c/f",

our branches or Herds. The firft of thefe hec calleth TartarU mitior, or the leflc, ^^^^*:";/'"^^'

which is in Europe betwixt HoriflhtKcs and Tamtis , comprehending Tauhca Qher-

yiwe/w, inhabited by the /"rfCcpi/^Tartars.or as iJr*»/oz'<««'> tcarmcth them.Pfrfw- bMarCBronli,

K«y?^of PerccopiaaTowne and Caftlc in Tautica : they arc called alfo Offofienfes Tartara.

and Crims , of two Townes bearing thofe names.Thefe arc now fubicil to the Turkc

both in State and Religion, hauing fome Townes and Mahumetanc Temples , and

Monatteriesand Turkifh Garrifons, and a few Temples and perfons Chrirtian , o(

theArmcnian.Grecian.andWefterncprofeffion. They Hue in their homely Cottages

in the winter,bi't in the fummer wander in their Carts as the otherTartars.thcn whom

they are fomewhat more ciuiil. They pay three hundred Chriftians yearcly to the

turkc for tribute : of whom their Ca», fince the time ofZ^Aw.recciueth a banner, and

hisapprobation to the Empire, giuing his children or brethren in hoftage. They c-

leftalfo an heirc apparant to their Empirc,whom they call Gal^a : and if the C^n will

preferrc his fonne to that dignitic , he killeth all his brethren, as the Turkes alfo deale

with theirs.

It fhouidfeeme that they (leriuc their pedegree from C;»^^, dcfc ended (if I may
conicdurc, where certainc hiftoric faileth) of fome of the fcnnes of Bathy, the greac
Conquerourin thofe partes of the world. Lochton Can was the firfl which ruled in
Taurica : long (-^ncz Bathy's time. They * vfc the Chaldaean and Arabian letters : they 'jehisTar.vitt.
hauctheir^<K^/W toadminiflerRehgion andluftice.ashauetheTurkes. i chakmd.

They count the Don or nuerTanais holy, inrefpc6t ofthe commodities which it lil^-i,
yceldcththem. Thefe <lTartars paffing through the confines of Polonia and Podolia, ^'G"^gde
to helpe the Turkes in the warrcs of Hungary , the waycs being fecured and defended afnerberil^t
with ilicGarrifoi:^, they vied a new ftratagem to make way.bydriuing a multitude of ncriiusintab.
Bulsb^;forethem,v^hichcontrary to their expef^ation, affrighted with the Ordnance, chyirxus, Anto,
rccoyledvpontheirdriuers,treading them downe, and fcatteringthem, Ihe CfjAn, Geufritmdeim-
whcn StJJiithorKing of Poland was dead, fent his Embafladours to be clcfled their f'p'' ^^'4-/"3.
King ; affirming, that their Pope fliouldbe his.their Lvther his alio : and for dainties, j ^hxamcrii^r^
Horle-flelli would content hnn. His fuite was reic6kd with laughter. iViIliam Brmfe j« Med.H'fi.
aScot.from the relation of y4«fi»»;'cVpi»tf/.f,defcendcdcf that familic in Genua, and ceni.cap.^S.
then Embaflador from C^^Wf theCW>M-TanarintoPolonia,affirmethdiuers things OmLsruffmdt
ofthe Tartarians,as namely ofthrccfcore and ten diuersKingdoms of them, the names ■^'"'*
whereofare fcarce knowne to any Tartar : differing in language and manncrs.but all
agreeing in the Tartarean appellation, warring, wandring, hard and fpare dyer: all
fometimes fubieft to the Great Cij^.now inferiour in power (as the Crims lay, which
know nothing of him but by tradition) to the Crim or Precopite^

Thefe Precopites abhorre drunkenneffc , punifli aduhery with death ; fiealc
not from their countrey-men , nor conccaleany thing which they finde, wajke not
with weapons , haue few lawcs, the Interpreters of which arc their Priefts, which
they grcstly reucrcncc , as they doc alfo thofe of the Chriftians : if any thing

Oo be



420 Of the alteration of ^li^ion among the Tartars^ arc Chap.k

be not cxprefied by Law, they rcferre it to that gcncrall head, whereon hang the Law
and the Prophets , to doe at men would bet done to. The Sar or Empcrour fitteth
himfelfe in iudgcmcnt, with the Galga, and Soldans (fo they cal the Princes children)
and the Chancellor, with other Senators, w hofe fentences being fitft deliucrcd he dc-
termincth, and prefent execution foUoweth. All mettals are the Bars prerooatiiic (n-
ceptGold which is the Turkes peculiar) he hath alfo the tenths of the fpoilcs and of
"^ euery Captiue a Chekine, and if he be ofgreat cftate, three. He receiueth 5 roo. Duc-

kets a yeere from the Turkc , for which hee is bound towarre vpon none but the
Mufcouitc without his leauc. Hee brings into the field 1 50000. horfemen , flcauinw
at home but one man in a houfej and when the Circaffians and Aftracansadioyne thei'r
forces, two hundred thoufand. It is painc of death not to come. They brino
with them three monethsviftuall, which are dried Flcfli, Cheefe, Garlicke, rootes
and a fpare Horfc for food, befides a better for fcruice. Their haires tied to lone poles'
are their banners ; only the Prince receiueth from the Turkc oneof Silke. Both
HorfeandMcnareexceedingskilfullinfwimming. Inpaffingouer large flreames
they fet their Saddles and Baggage on RcedesorRuflies which they tye to diueri
Horfe-tayles, themfclues holding them by the manes, and guiding them : fomctimes
they fit themfelues on thofe Ruflies , and fometimes they kill and flaic fome of their
Horfes,and turning the infide outward , timbering them with the ribbes of the
Horl'e , and fowing them with the haire , make Boates for tranfportation . They
take off the whecles of their Carts, and fetting them on Ruflies as aforefayd , tran^
port them. Thcfpoilcisdiuided in common , and euery mans lofic thence made
good ; to conceale any thing is death, whether pillaged from theenemic, orfoimdof
their ownc people.

Jj TUtcherVefc. ^'^ ^^^ ^"^"^ '^"^ thoUfand fiue hundred feuentie one, they came toMufcoand fired
itJRitJfti.is, ' theSuburbs, whichbcingof wood, burned with fuchrage,that in foure houres fpace
itconfumcdthegreateftpartoftheCitic, being thirtie raylesor more in coropafle.
The rufuInefTe of this fight was feconded with a more difmall euent , the people bur-
ning in their houfes, and fTreets, ajid whiles they fought to flye out of the Citie, they
wedged themfclues with multitude fo fafl: in the gate"(vvhich was furtheft from'thee-
nemie)andthefireetesadioyning, asthatthrec lankei walked one vpon the others
heads, the vppermoft treading downe thofe that were lower: fo that there pcriflied at
that time, as was faid, by the fire and theprefle, the number ofcisht hundred thou-
fand people or more. The Tartar fent the -J^kJ/^ a knife, (as vpbraiding him this lofle
and his defpcrate cafe) therewith to ftab himfelfe. The caufc of this quarrcll is, the
Tartars title to Caz^n, Jftracan, and Mofco it felfc, which \htMefcenite was wont to
acknowledge with thishomageyeerely in the Co^iWc oi CM e iho , togiue theC/r»;or
Crims Horfe Gates out of his Cap, himfelfe on foot , the Crim abiding on his Horfe.
This homage 'BafUitts changed into a Tribute of Furres, which alfo by his fonne hh»
was denyed. Hereupon once or twice euery yeere, fometime about Whitfontide, but
cftner in harueft,he inuadeth the Countrie : cyther in greater numbers, if the Can him-
ielfe come, or otherwife in fewer, with lighterbordcr-skirmifhes. Their common
pra.ftifeistomakediuersArmie?,anddravvingthci?«/ftoonc place, to inuade ano-
ther : They are all Horfc-men, carrying nothing but a Bow, a Sheafe of Arro wcs, and
a Falcon Sword: they are expert Riders, and fhootc as readily backward as forward.
The Morfeys or Nobles haue Armour like the Turkes, the Common-people none o-
ther then their apparrell,T/«;!^. a blackefheepcsskinne with the woolUidcoutwaidin .
the day time, and inward in the night, with a Cap of the fame.

They haue a rule that luflice is to be praftifcd but towards their owne : and there-
fore will promile anything whentheybefecgcaCitic, but being once poffeffed of
theplace,performeallmannerofhoflilitie. When their number is fmall, they make
greaterfliew with counterfeit fhapes of men fet on horfebackc. In gluing onfet they
Godhelpcvs, make a great fliout, crying together * OllabtlU, GlUhilU; thev will die rather then
yeeld.contraiy to the Tuikes cuf^ome.The cheife bootie they feekefor is ftcre of Cap-
tmes/pecially yong boycs & girlcs:for which purpofe they haue bads inteding nothing

ellc,



Chap. I J. ASIA, The fourth ^ooke, 421



elfe.and baskets like Bakers Panyers.to carric them tenderly. If they tire oi fickcn on
the way,they dafh them againft the ground or Come tree, and fo leaue them dead. The
Rufle borders being vfed to their inuafions, kcepe few other cattell but fwine, which
their Religion abhorreth to touch,

TheydifterhercinfromthcTurkifhReligion,thattheyhauecertaine idoll puppets their Image:-
niadcoffilkc or likeftutfe, of the fafhion of a man , which they faften to the dooie
oftheir walking hou(es, to be as /'«»*'j(r^.f or keepers of their houfe. And thefe Idols
are made not by alljbut by certaine religious women, which they haue amongtiiem
for that and like vfes. They haue be(ides,thc Imageof their King of an huge bignefle,
which they ereft at eueryStagc,when the armiemarcheth: to which eucry onemufl:
bow as hepaflethby.both Tartar and flranger. They arc muchgiuen to Witchcraft
and ominous conie^ures. In marriage they onelyabflaine from the mother, fifter,
and daughter : neyther doe ihcy account that woman a wife , which hath not honou-
red them with the name of a father , and then bcginncth he to take a dowricofher
ftiends of Horfc,Sheep,Kine,&c. If (he be barren after a ccrtaine time, he turncth her
homeagaine.

Vnder the Emperor they haue certaine Dukes or Morfcys, which rule oucr hoords
often,twentie,or forticthoufand, which are boundtoferue the Emperour with a cer-
taine number of men double- horled. Theypreferre horfe-fle{h before other meats,
efteeming it ftronger nourifhment : this notwithftanding, they vfed to fend thirtie or
forticthoufandhorleyearely toMusko, to exchange for other commodities. Their
herds of kine, and flockesofblackefheepc, theykeepc rather for the milke then the
flcfli.though they fomecime eate it. They drinke milke or warme bloud, and for the
moftpart curde them both together: as they traucll they fomctime let their horfc
bloud,and drinke it from his bodie. Townes they plant none nor ftanding villages,
but haue walking houfes built vpon wheeles, like a Shepheards Cottage j which they
moue in the Spring from the South to the North, and fo with Winter rcturnc South-
wards J when they come to their Stage or flanding place , planting their houfex in a
raDkc,making the forme of a towne and ftrcets. Golde and filuer they negle6l,as they
doc alfo tillage,which freeth their countrcy from inuafions.

For pcrfon and complexion,they haue broad and flat vifages,of a tanned colour into
yellow and blacke,fierce and cruell looks.thin haired vpon the vpper lip and pit of the
chin, light and nimble bodied with fhort legges , pradifing themfclues to ride and
flioot from their child.hood,their parents not fuffering their children to catc till they
haue (hot within a certain fcantling of the mark.Thcir fpeech is fudden and loude,as it
■were out ofadeepe hollow throat.theirfinging like a Cowes lowing. In the defcrip-
tion of thefe frtms I hauebeene thus long , becaufc they are now the chiefe knowne
Nation ofthc wandering Tartars,and the reft differ little from them, except in greater
barbarifme.

M.:i(\ev George BarkJey,zfncndof mine, a Merchant in London, hauing trauelled G.BarhleJ.
Liuonia, RulTia, Lithuania, and Poland, went from Cracouia with a Tartar Duke,
(which had come thither to the Parliament to fue for his two daughters , taken by the
Polach-.)and flayed with him inhishord(which confiftcd of about a looo.houfliolds
ofakindrcd)f]xmoneths.ThefeTartars Cowed a three fquaregrainc, called Totarkaj
they Hucd in great eafe and pleafure, cuery day hunting , that for worldly pleafure he
ncuer any where enioyedfuch a life with fuchloue and liking of his Tartar-hoft, as if
hehadbeenehi- fonne. Thefe vfed to make fudden inrodes vpon the Poiachs : the
gentlemen of Poland, not dining without their peeces and foldiourly-feruingmen rca-
dieto giue thementertainement. If the Chriftians make head againft them, they
know not where to find them. Refolute they are,and will ride with their bowes in the
face of a Peece.

Thefecond part in this diuifion is attributed to Tartaria'Deferta , fo called ofthe
Defert huge trad of CountreybetweeneTanais, the Cafpian Sea, and the LakeKitay :
iomt\\mt\inovjnchyx.\\z {\zir\coiSarmatUt^ftatica. It contayncth many Tribes:
of which the Principall are, Zavolhenfts , called Bulgar Tartar s,oiZJolga : betwecne
which Rioer and y«j»f lb they haue their abode. Thisihcy called the gteat Herd, and

O o 2 thf



f Reguwj, tiir-
res,Pauperiim
taicrne.



422. Of the alteration of ^^e(i^ionamongtheTartars,<Csrc. Chap,/^

the Emperour thereof ^V/<««, in theyeare t 5-o6.fubdued by the C//?w-Tartars before
mentioned : and aftei; that by 5<»///«j the Mufcouite, to whofe large flile Bulgaria is
added.taking that name ofl/'tf/^iijas it were Z/'o/^<«nj, or o^ Bulger , a Townevpon
that Riiier. Caz.an and y}Uracan,Vioxds of thcfc Zavel Tartars , haucbeene fubicft
e Amb.lenl^is- a!fo many yeares to the faid Great Duke, e who caufed the Prince of Cafan ( bein" ta-
fon. kenprifoner when he was young) to be baptized. Neare vnco Cazanis Vachcn,the

people whereof are Gentiles ; and the Cherei9iiz.es halfe Gentiles , halfe Tartars , and



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 84 of 181)