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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 85 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 85 of 181)
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(Jl'[an^at,or AT.?^^^, Mahumetan Tartars, which in the yearc one thoufand fiue hun-
dred fiftic and eight,were thorowciuillwarrcs,f3iTiine,andpeftilence,dc(troyedtotlic
number of aboue a hundred thoufand. Thcfe Nagayans hauc their diucrs herds fub-
icd to their (euerall Dukcs,\vhom they call c^-fwri^jhauing no vfe of moncyjCornc
or Arts. Thev,in the time of their diftrefle,vvould for one loafc of bread, worth fixe
pcnce,hauefolde fonnc or daughter to Mafler lenkj'tfon ifhec would haue bought a
thoufand, although othervvhiles they deride the ChviHians , as liuing on the toppcsof
wcedes (fo they call our corne ) This our Author and countrey-man trauelled downe
the riuer Volga to Aftracan,which riucr, alter it hath runnc aboue two thoufand Eno-
lifn niiles,hath threefcore and ten mouthes or falls into the Cafpian Sea. Through this
Sea he parted to Mangnflaue another part of the dcfart Tartaria. The Prince whereof
Timor SoltAf!\\ciQ\ini and faluted in a' little round houfe, not hauingTowne orCa-
ftell, made of Reedes, couercd without with Felt, within with Carpets, accompanied
with the great Metropolitanc of their Countrey, eHeemed of amongfl: that field-pco-
p'c, as the Bifliop of Rome is in mod partes of Europe. And had hee not prefentcd
himfelfe to him with the great Dukes Letters, hee hadbcenc fpoyled of all thathee
had.

They pafled thence with a Caranan of Merchants twcntic dayes,not finding water,
but as they drew out ot olde dcepc VVclls,brackifh and fait : and paffcd fomtimes two
crthreedayes without the fame. After that,they came to aGuIfeof the Cafpian Sea
againCjwhere the water is frefli and fweet. Not fo the people; for the Cuflomcrs ot"
the King ofTurkcman tolled of cucry fiue andtwentie, one; and feucn ninths for
the faid King and his brethren. Into this guUc the Riucr O.vw/ did foiuctimesfall.but
is now intercepted by the Riuer y^r<sftf(r;^,which runneth toward the Not th : and(asit
Vvcre)!oai:hto view focolde a Climeand barbarous Inhabitants, after he hath tunne
with a fwjfc race a thoufand niiles(as it were)in flight,he hidcth himfelfe vnder ground
for the f >ace of hue hundred milcs,and then looking vp, and feeing little amendment,
drowncth himfelfe in the Lake of Kithay.

Thence they had three dayes lourneyto Selliz^are ^whcre finding e^«.«»t-.C^/,to
whom heprefented a ninth , he receiued there the like feftiuall entertainment as before
withT/wtf>', thatiSjthcSflefliofawildeHorfc, and Marcs milke without bread. He
and his brethren ruled all from the Calpian Sea to Vrgence,and had continuallwarrcs
with the Perlians ; which fpace is called Turkoman .- for tlie other Hofds of that huge
Tartarian dcfart, the Kirgejfen, <JMelgor/>Az,tiH, Scibanskj, Thnmen ( which dill is faid
to remainc vnder the obedience of the Grand Can) 'Bafcker-Ji, Hejeliti, harfh names
of harfher people in thofe molt harfh and h^-rrid defarts, will haflen my pen and your
cares, to fomc more pleafing fubied. The Thumen and their neighbours are grcatln-
chanters, and by their Arte (they fay) raife tcmpcfts and oiierthrowc their enemies,
h O/teHm. The Kirgeflen obfevue thefc ftinking holies : their ^ Pritft mixeth bloud , milke, and
Cow-dung together with earth, and putting ithem inavcflell, therewith dimctha
tree,and after his deuout exhortation to the peoplc,be bcfprinkieth them with this fa-
crcd mixture which they account diuine. When any of ihcm die, they hang him on a
tree in ftead ofburiall.

The Tartars in Turkeman vfe to catch wilde horfcs with ha wkes tamed to that pur-
pofe, which feiiing on the nccke of the horfc, with his beating, and the horles cha-
fing,tireth him, and maketh him an eafie prey to his Mafter, who alwayes ridcth with
his Bow, Arrowes,and Sword. They eatethcir mcate, and fay theirprayers fitting on
the ground croflc-icggcd.fpcnding the time very idely. As Madcr Jenk'ifof with his
company trauelkd from hence towards Bogharjthcy wercaffailed vvith fortie thieues;

of



g Mw.rnocon-
lenaNaiura.



Ch A p,I5- ASIA. The fourth 'Booke'.



425



S'tmocatta &

Nrccjih.CaU 11'
cap.^o.



of whom they had intelligence fomcwhat before, and therefore certaine holy men (for
fo they account fuch as haucbecne at Mecca) caufed the Carauan to flay whilethcy
made their prayers and diuinations touching their fucceflc. They tooke certaine fbecp
and killed them, and tooke the blade- bones of the fame, which they firftfodde , and
then burnt, mingling the bloud of the faid fheep with this poulder of their boneSjWith
which bloud they wrote certaine Charadcrs, vfing many other ceremonies & words,
and thereby diuincd that they fhould mcete with enemies , which after much trouble
they fhould ouercome : which accordingly proued true. Ofthc faitbfulneffe of thelc
holy men hee had good proofe , both here and clfewhere,they refufngnottoexpofc
thcmfelues to danger, and (faithleflclyfaithfull) to forfweare thcmfelues rather then
betray him and the Chriftisns to their theeuifh Countreymen. For thefe robbers
would haue dilhufl'ed the 'Bufarmansfo they call their Catholikes^if they would hauc
deliuercd the (^aph^ri, that is, infidels, as they eftecme the Chriftians , vnto their po-
wer. Oneof their holy men (which the enemies had furprized) by no torments
would confcflc any thing to the preiudice of his fello wes. But at laft they were forced
toaTcejandgiuethe theeucs tv\'cntie ninths, thit is, jwcntie times nine leuerall
things, and a Camcll to carry the fame away. This Countrcy of Turkeman or Turche-
ftanis the firft habitation of the Turkes, and the people were called by that name,both
iaHaithoKs time, znd'mthsumc o{U)^a:'.ritiin, as in theTurkifli Hiltorie you haue
heard. P/<»7 namcth the Turkes nearer Mttotts : but whether in dcuouring the people
with their fwords, as they did the paflurcs with their cattell, they came from hence , or
thefe frotr thence, or that Plm might eafily wander in fo wandering a fubied; all a-
uerrCj that from hence they went firit into Pcrfia , and in fuccceding ages haue made
many fertile countricsjike their Tu:coman:a,whereMalkr/fK/y»/o«faithgroweth no
graflcjbut heath whereon the cattle feed ; The Ottontan-hoxk blafting with his breath
thegroundhetreadson, (according to their owneProuerbc) there neuer groweth
graflc more . The Turkeman Nation is ( faith Hmthon ) for the moft part Ma-
humetan , and many of them without Law at all . They vfe the Arabike Let-
ters.

- ThcfeDeferts and Theeues hauc almoftmadevs forget our diuifion , according to
which we (liould hauc told you, that from the Cafpian Sea hither you muft (according
to MagtKUs)c^\\\.\\e.'Yd.xizxsgtncx2i\y Zagathayans » fo ca'led oH Zagat bay , the
great C<?»^ brother, lometime their Prince. Which name ^ comprehendcth alfodi-
uctfeotherNationsmoreciuillthcntheformer , pofieffing the Countries fometime
knowrte by the names ofB^Slriana, Scgdtana, Margtana, now Icfelhoi^ihzx. is,Greene
heads.cf the colour of their Turbant J : differing from the Perfians , whom they call
forlikecaufe,Redde heads. Thefe haue cruellwarrcs continually with the Perfians,
whom they call Caphars (as they doe the Chriftians ,) for their fuppofed herefie, of
which in the Perfian relation hath beene fhcwed , andfordiat they will not cutthc
haire of their vpper lips, for which they are accounted of theTartais great finncrs.
In t 'Boghar is the feate of their Metropolitane , who is there more obeyed then the c Ant. lailjinf.
King,and hath fometime depofed the King, and placed an other at his pleafure. There
is a httleRiucr running through theCiiie, whofe water brecdeth in them that drinke
thereof (efpecially ftrangers) a worme of an ell long, which lyeth in the Icgge betwixt
the flefh and the skinne, and is plucked out about the anckle , with great Arte of Sur-
geons well pradtifed herein. And if it breake in plucking out, the partie '^pttth. They
plucke out an inch in a day, which is rolled vp, and fo proceed till fhee be all out. And
yet will not the Metropolitane fuffer any drinke but water or Mares milke, hauing oC
ficers to make fcarch and punifh fuch as tranfgrefie, with great feueritie. Zagatai liued
the fpaceofone hundred twentie and one yeares before i^arcKs Paulm , and was
(ashee faith) aChriftian, but his fonnc followed him in bis Kingdomc , not in his
Religion.

Heere in this Countrey is Samarcand the Citie oi Great TamerUt-ne ( of fome zi\-
MTtmirCtithlfiy thzt is, is MathiaszMtchou ^ interpretethit, Happy Sword) jjy;^/,,^;,,,
whofe armie contayncd twelue hundred thoufand : whofe conqucfts exceed (if Hifto- Lib, i.Cap.2,,.
ries excecdnof) all the Great Alexanders, Pemfeys, Cafars, or any other Worthies of

Oo 3 the



aM.Paulml.i.
ho. Bit a:



iUfutt.Epifl.
tiel. Mogpr,
b Leundsv. Pe-
rond,UKitii,&c.
c C'lc.Orat.^ro
Arch.



telsofhis
lamenes, with
other thinges
of hisfchoo-
ling inCara«
mania , where
hi<i fellow
fchollcrsjchofe
him thcii King
& other things
notfecming
credible.



424 Of the alteration of Religion amon^the Tartar s,^c. Chapj^

the World. And one of the grcatert Monarchs now of chcEarth , The Great Mog^re
isfaidto =• defccndof him.

Of him arcmanyHiftories written by fome ^ that haue lined fincc histimc.and
couldnotwellknowhisprocccdings, it being generally deplored, that this Achihs
wanted a H»mer c, which Alexander applauded in him, but wanted for himfelfe : only
one Alhacen (an Arabian which then liued) hath written largely thereof and that
(as he faith) by Tamerlans commaund, which lean du Bee, Abbot of Mortimer, in his
voyage into theEaft Countrie, met with, and had it interpreted to him by an Arabian
and we vpon his credit : which if any thinke to bee infufficient, 1 leaue it to his choifc
andcenfurc. That Authour fayth, that T'^wfrZawdefccnded of the Tartarian Empe-
rours, and O^ his father was Lord of Sachetay , who gaue to his fonnc Tamerlm
(which name fignifieth Heduenh grace in their Tongue) his Kingdome, while hee yet
liued, appointing two wife Counlcllors.O^w^r, and yi/^jtoaiTiHhim. Hee was well
inftrudlcdin the Arabian learning, and a louer of Learned men. Nature had fetiuhis
eyes fuch rayesof Maieftie andbcautie, that men could fcarcc endure to looke on
them. He wore long haire.^ontrary to the Tartarian cuflome, pretending, that bis
mother came of the race of Samffon. He was Hrong, and had a faire legge : whereas
LeuncUmw fayth he was called Tamurleng, of his lametiefle. His firlt Warre was i.
gainft theMufcouite, whom hee oiicrcame : Thefccondagainfl the King of China,
with like fucccffe (I mention not his battailes in ciuill warres : ) The third againft Bn.
iaz,et the Turke (whom he captiucd) palTing thither by the way of Perfia ; where Gm-
nes Authour of the Sophian Secfl:, a great Aftrologer, and accounted a holy man , en-
couraged him withprophcfies of his good fuccefle.This Warre he made againft ^^m-
z.et in behalfc of the Grccke Empcrour, and others, whom the Turke oppreflcd. Hee
went priuatly to Conftantinople, and had fight of the Citie , with ail kindnefle from
the Empcrour. He inuadcd Syria and 4/£gypt, ouerthrcw the Soldan,and wonne Cai-
ro; deftroyedDamafcus, vifited and honoured lerufalem, and the holy Sepulchre,
and granted great Priuiledgcs thereunto. The Princes of Lybia and Barbaric, by their
Embaflagcs in e/£gypt, acknowledged his Soueraignctic : In his rcturne by Perfia hee
was encountred by Gnmes, who brought with him an infinite number of fundrie kinds
of bcafts, which he made tame, and by which he taight men. As foone as he faw Tit-
merlan, be made his Prayers towards the Heauens for his health , and for the Religion
of the Prop(iel,cxcommunicating the Off ««»«?»/, as enemies to the faithfullbeleeucrs.
Tli«?«<r/<««gauchimfifteeneorfixtccnethoufandof his <* prifoners, which hee inflru-
<i1fed in his opinion : and after conquered Perfia, and lo returned to Samarcand, where
hee had vowed to creda Church and Hofpitall, with all fumptuous Magnificence!
thence he went to Mcunt Althay,to buric his vncle and father in law , the great C^<(«,
in whofeStatchefuccceded. Hee enriched Samarcand with the fpoylcs gotten in his
Warres, and called the Temple w hich he there built, the Temple oi Salamon, wherein
he hanged vpTrophees and Monuments of his vidories, and caufcdallhis battailes
therem to be ingrauen, thereby (faid he) to acknowledge the Goodneffe of God.His
Religion was not pure Mahumctifmc, for he thought God was delighted with varietie
of worfliips: yet hee hated Polythcifme and Idols, onely okc God hee acknowledged,
and that with much deuotion, after his manner. Thus he beat downe all the Idolsin
China, but honoured the Chriftians , with great atimiration at the ftticSl life of fome
Votaricf. When y^/j his Counfellor was dead , hee builtaftately Tombeforhimat
Samarcand, and caufed prayers to bee faid three dayes for his foule. Bcingnccrehii
end, he bleflcd his two fonncs, laying his hand on the head oiSautechto the elder, and
preiTing it downe, but lifting vp the chinne of Letrochtc the younger, as it wcrcprefa-
ging vnto him the Empire, although the elder were proclaimed. But this Empire was
too great, and too luddenly creeled 10 continue.

Thelc three forts of Tartars v\ hich we haue hitherto mentione d,a: e all, for the mod
eLib.iCa^.l. part.Mahumetans. There are fomeyct (AsMichtuitu e affirmcth) neerethe Cat
plan Sea, which are not Mahunietans, norfhaue their haire of their heads after the
Tartarian manner; and therefore they call them Ca^.rKUch or Pagans.

The fourth are thofe which in grcatneffc are firflj namely the Cathayans, called Ca-



dSeme fay
3oooo<



C H A P.I5. ASIA. The fourth 'Booh:



425



fd^Af (that is, black-heads) of thcirTurbants, as the former, lefelba.s.'^nt ofiheir Re-
ligion, further then that which hath bccnebeforeexpreffcd, wecan fay little. An die
feemcthby the relations mentioned in the former Chapters that they are Gentiles or
Chriftian5,andnotof cJW.?/;»wf«errour. C^<i!_g^^^/cJJ?f»?«f,aPerfian Merchant, re- ickig^Memet.
lated (as in part is faid before) to %tw)nliHs, that he had bccnc at Campion, Damtr Can
then raigning,and that vnto Cantnl,i\\t Wefterly part of Tanguth, they were Idolaters
and Ethnikes .'from thence Weflwards J Mufuhrans, or Saracens. In theEpiftle of
C<i?-«4//;«ethclefuite, it is reported byaMahumetane Merchant , that they were gcarual, Bfiji,
Chriftians,happi]y becaufe of Images which the Idolaters, and Pfcudo-Chriflians doc
equally worfhip.

The fifth and h(\ forme of our Tartars are thofe which abide inthofc places,
whct'ce the Tartars firit iflued to ouer-wheime all Afia with their Armies : of which is
rel ted at large in the eleuenth Chapter : of which, for w ant ot probable intelligence,
I can lay little more. Our Mappcs place there the Hords of the Danites , Nephthali-
tesCivcmiflianSjTurbites, and other, which fome deriue from the difperfion (as is
faid) of the tenne Tribes. Here is Tabor alfo , whofe King was by (^harlts the fifth
Emperour in the yeare 1 5.^0. (as before is laid) burned at Mantua, for foliciting to lu-
daifme.

Pope /«wr^»f, King Lfwir/ of France (by meanes of T-yill.^e RHiruquii) and the
King of Armenia, fohcitcd (as you haue partly heard) both the great Can , and his
chiefe Princes, to become Chriftians.-and it is likely that the Tartars might,if diligence
bad beene vfed.and fome Superllitions had not darkned the Chrdtian profeflion, haue
thereunto beene perfuaded, which many alfo of them were , as appeareth in HmtheK,
Miit.vyefimor}iifi, and VMcentitu.

But the Saracens which had before polluted thofe Countries \\here theMahumc-
tan Tartars now abide, by that liitabienelTe of their Law to their lavvleflc lufts of Ra-
pine and Pol'g3mie,preuailed (^3%(J\itch9niw^ reportcthWvith!S<«rA/ and thofe other hlii.j.Cdi/.jJ
Tartars, to en. brace Ci^ahumet, and refufc Chrift. They fay , Eijfa RocheUa , that is,
lefus IS the Spirit of the Lord ; A'fKhomct Rojfolai , that is , Mahomet is the luftice of
God. Theyobey(faithhe)thePentateuchof ^ij/f/.arccircumcifed, obferue thclc-
gall Ceremonies .they hiuenoBcls, buteueryday crie, Lalnillotlloloh, which figni-
fieth, that ihcrcisbutoneGod. Theyprofefl'e themfelues Ifmaelites, theChriftians
they call D*/»ri-/if, that is. Pagans; and (7<<«r, Infidels'. They obferue three Feafts:
the firrt Kftirum. to which they prepare themfelues,with their thirtie dayes Lent.and in
that Fcaft offer Rammcs, Budes, &c. The fecond they celebrate for v^/Zi'tf^/f/, for
which they faft a moncth.vifit the graucs, anddoe workesofmrrcic. The third they
keep for themfelues and their ovvne faluation, and faft tweUie dayes.

Jo'fafa Barlraro ^ (a Venetian , whichliued amongft the Tartars about the yeerc kL.i^DuiKim.
1457. j faith, That they embraced not the faith of Mahomet generally, butascucrie
manliked , vntill about tha: time , in the dayes oiHedighi, 3 Captaine vnder Sidaha-
iB«iC4»,whofirrt compelled then thereunto,being before free vnto their Idolatries,
if tbeypleafcd. And of the other Tartars neeretheZagathayans, he faith, Thatmany
of them were Idolaters , and carried Idols in the Carts : yea , fome of them vfcd to
W'orfhip whatfoeuer Beaft they firft met with, after they went abroad in the morning:
This D. f/^rc/^f r reporteth of the Mordiuit Tartars , adding that they vfe to fweareby
• it all that day , whether it be Horfe, Dogge , or whatfoeuer elfc. And when his
friend dicth,hee killeth his beftHorfe, and flaying offthe skinne, carricthiton high
tpon along Pole before thecorpfe to the place of buriall.

Theyl'/o.r«/,ata certaine time in the yeare, take a Horfe, which they kt in the
field , withhis foure legges tyed to foure pofts, and his head to another poft, faftened
in the ground. This done, oneofthemftandingina couucnient diftance, fliooteth
hitn to the heart. Afterwards they flea him, and obferuing certaine ceremonies about
the flcfti, eat the fame. The skin they fill with chafferand in each of his legges thruft %
fttaight flick, that he may ftandvpright,as if he were aliue. Laftly.thcy goetoa great
Tree,andloppe therefrom as many boughes as they thinke good, and makcaRoome
or Sollar in that tree,where they fei this horfe on his fcet;& worfiaip him,ofFcring vnto

him



i See the Sara-
cen Hiflorie.



42<$



of the Nations -^hich lined, <iyc.



Chap,!^^



him Foxes , and diuerfc Beafis which beare rich Furres; of which offerings ihcTrccs
hang full.

Mafler/i?«i^«/e«mentioneth a Nation lining among the Tartars, called /u»^i.
which are alfo Gentiles, as are alfo the Kirge^en (of whom wee haue ipoken( and the
Cff/»?^c^«,whichworfhif theSunne, astheydoealfoareddeCloth , faftencdto the
toppe of a Pole, and eatc Serpents, Wormes, and other filth, Neere to which hcpla-
ceth (in his Mappe of Ruflia)certainc Statues, or Pillars of Stone, which fomctimes
were Hoards ofMen and Beafts feeding, transformed by diuine power (if it be not hu-
mane errour) into this ttonie fubftance, retayning their priftinc fhape. Thefc Nations
are eyther Tartars, or, in manner of life, like vnto them , and may therefore pafle vn-
dcrthat generall appellation. And this may fuffice touching the Tartarian NationSf
Eeligion; which in the Weft and South parts of their abode is Mahumetane,inthc
more Northerly and Eafterly, partly Heathenidi, partly Iewifli,or Moorifli,or mixed,
or as may beft aduantage them , and mofl plcafe them , wandring in opinion in like
D.Vkt.defcef fort, as in their habitation. D.Fletcher reckons thefe thingesas general to all the
Riif,caf.i9. Hotds of Tartars. Firft , to obey their Magiftrates whatfoeucr they command
about the publike feniice. Secondly, Except for the pubiiquebchoofc, eucrymanto
be free andoutof controlmcnt. Thirdly, No priuate man topoflefle any I ands, but
the whole Countrie to be common. Fourthly, To negleft all daintinciTe and varietie
of meates and to content themfelues with that which commcth next to hand. Fifth-
ly , To w care any bafc attire and to patch their clothes whether there bee any need or
not. Sixthly,to take or (leak from any ftrangerwhatfoeuer they can get. Seucnthly,
Towards their owne to be true in word and deed. Eightly, To fuffer no firanger to
come within their Dominion, but the fame to beeflaue to the firft taker, except they
haueaPafport,

But by this time I thinke the Reader will wifhmec their pafport to bee gone from
them, whohauefliewcdmyfelfenoT<?rf<zm» , whiles I dwell fo long on this Tarta-
rian difcourfcjhappily herein as tedious to him,as flaying in one place would be to the
Tartar; a thingfoabhominabiejssin anger he wifhethitas ^Cur(c,H^ot'Jd God than
mityeft abide in one place, m the Chrtfiian , till then fmell thine ovpne dutig, Indeede this
Hirtorie, not throughly handled before by any one, drew me along, andIlK»pe will
purchafe pardon tothisprolixitie.



Chap. XVI.

of the Nnttons which Itvcd in, or mere, to thofe parts, now pofejjedl/y
the Tartars : and their Religions and Cu^omes.

Romthofe Countries, inhabited by the Perfians and Zagathayan Tar-
tars Eaflward, wecannot fee with Ai. Paulm his eyes (the beft guides
we can get for this way) any Religion but the Saracen.till wee come to
Bafcia, a Prouince fomewhat bending to the South, the people where-
of are Idolaters and Magicians, cruellanddcceitfull, liuing onFJeflt
and Rice. Seuen dayes journey from hence is Chefmur, wickedly cun-
ning in their deuillifh art, by which they caufe the dumbe Idols to fpeake , the day to
orow darke, and other maruellous things, being the wel-fpring of Idols and Idolarrie
in thofe parts. They haue Heremits after their Law, which abide in their Monafterios,
are very abftinent in eating and drinking, containc their bodies in ftrait chaftitie , and
are very carefull to abftaine from fuch finnes, wherewith they thinke their Idols offen-
ded, and liue long. There arc of them many Monalteies : They are obferued of the
people with great reuerence. The people of that Nation fhcd no bloud , nor kill any
flefli : but if they will eate any, they get the Saracens, which hue amongft them.to kill
it for them. North-Eaftward from herce is Vochan, a Saracenicall Nation; and after
many dayes iournic ouer Mountaines (fo high, that no kindc of birds are fcene there-
on)




Ch A p^6. ASIA. The fourth 'Booke'. 427



on) is Beloro, inhabited with Idolaters. Cafcar (the next Countries is Mahumctanc,

beyond which arc many Mertorian Chriftians in Carchan. There are alfo Moores , or

Mahumctanes, which haiie defiled with like fuperftition the Countries of Cotam and

Pcym(whcrethe women may marrie new husbands if the former bee abfcnc aboue

twente dayes ^, and the men likewife) and of Ciarcian,& Lop. From Lop they crofTe a This Marri-

aDcfart, which askeththirtiedayes, and muft carry their viduals with them. Here ageadmics no

fthey <ay) fpirits call men by their names, and caiife them te ftray from their company, Non-iefidencc

and perifli with famine. When they are pafled this Defart.they enter into Sachion, the

firrt Ci'-ic of Tanguth.an Idolatrous Prouince, fubieit to the great C<^n .- there are alfo

fome Nellorians and SaracenSjWhere they haue had the Art of Printing thefe thoufand

yecrcs. They hauc Monaftcries replcniflied with Idols of diuers forts , to which they

facriHce, and when they hauc a male childe borne, they commend it to fome Idol], in

whofe honour they nourifh a^Ramme in their houfe that ycare, and after on their Idols

fclhuall.they bring it, together with their Sonne, before the Idoll, and facrifice the

Raromf , and drclfrng rhe flcHi, let it ftand till they haue finiflied their prayers for their

childesheaith: in which fpace (they fay)their Idoll hath fucked out theprincipallfub-

ftance of the mcate : which they then carrie home to their houfe , and aflembling their

kinsfolkc, cat it with great reuercnce & reioycing, fauing the bones in goodly veflcls.

The Pricftshaitc for their Fee the Head, Feet, Inwards, Skinne, and fome part of the

Flefh.

When any of great place dyeth, they ^^ aflemble the Aflrologers, and tell the hourc ° Funerallob-
ofhisnatiuitie, that they may by their Art finde a Planet fitting to the burning of the j"^';^-""^'"
corpes, which fomctimc, in this refpc'f^, attendeth this fierie conftclhtion a weckc, a
nionetl»,orhalfeayeare:inallwhich time ,they fct before the corpes a Table furni-
/hed with Bread, Wine, and other Viands, leauing them there fo long as one might
conucnicntly eate them, the Spitit there prefent (in their opinion) rcfrcfhing himfelfc
withthe odour of this prouifion. Ifanycuillhappentoany of the houfe, the Aflro-
lo<^ers afcribc it to the angrie foulc for negleifl of his due houre, agreeing to that of his



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 85 of 181)