Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 87 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 87 of 181)
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•wound was to be feenc; they continuing their fwect fong fhll. Then hee put the fwortl
intothefirc, tillit was warme, andfo thruftit into the llit of hisftiirt, and ihruft ic
thorow his bodie, as I thought, in at his nauell, and out at his fundamenr,the pohit bej
ing out of his fliirt bchinde, I laid my finger vpon it. Then hec pulled out the iwoM,
and fate downe.

This being done, they fet a Kettle of water oucr the fire ro heat, and vvhen the wr


Chap.17* ASIA. The fourth 'Booke, 4^^

ter dotfi feeth, the Pricft bcginneth to fing againc, they anfwering him. For Co long as
the water was in fcething,thcy fate and fang not. Then they made a thing being foure
fquare, and in height and Iquarencfle ofa chaire,and coucred with a gowne very cJofe
the fore-part thereof, for the hinder-part ftoodto the tents fide. Their tents are round
and arc called C/jcwir, in their language, The water ftillfeething on the fire , and thii
fquare feat being readie, the Priclt put oft'his fhirt, and the thing like a garland,which
was on his head, with ihofe things which coucred his face , and he had on yet all this
whileapaireof hofcnof Deere-skinncs withthchaireon , which came vp to his butf
tockes. So he went into the fquare feat, and fate downc like a Taylor, and fang with
a ftronqvoyce or hollowing. Then they tookc a fmall line made ofDeere-skinnes of
foure fathomes Jong, and with a fmall knot the Priert made it faft about his neckc, and
vnder his left arme,and gaucit to two men flanding on each fide ofhim, which held the
endstogether.Then the kettle of hot water was fet before him in the fquare feat.which
feat they now coucred with a gowne of broad-cloath without lining(fuch as the Rut
fcsvfe to wearc). Then the two men which did hold the end of the line, ftill ftanding
there, began to draw,& dre w,til they had drawn the ends ofthc line fliffc, & together;
and then I heard a thmg fall into the kettle of water, which was before him in the tent.
I asked what it was, and they anfwercd, his head,fliouider and left armc,\which the Hue
hadciitofF. Imeanethckrtot.whichlfavvafterward drawnc bard together. ThenI
rofe vp,3nd would haue looked whether it were fo or not, but they laid holde on mce,
and laid, that if they fhould fee him with their bodily eyes, they fhould Hue no longer.
(And the moft part of them can fpcakc the Ruflian tongue, to be vndcrftood, and they
tookemctobeaRulTian) Then they beganne to hollow with thefe wordcs 0^^^<t»(»,
0^haoe,Gghaoe, many times together ;in the meanc while 1 faw a thing like a finger of
aman.two times togethcr,thrii(i thorow the gowne from thePriefl.l asked them that
fa'e nccrc to me what it was,that I fa w,and they f3id,not his finger,for he was yet deadj
and that which I faw appcate thorow the gowne.was a beaft,but what beaft they kiicw
not, nor would not tell. And I looked vpon the gowne, and there was no hole to bcc
fcene. At laft the Prieft lifted vp bishead, with his fhoulder and armc.and all his body,
and came out to the fire. Thtis farre ofthcir feruice,which I faw during the fpace ofcer-
tainc hourcs. But how thev doe worfhip their Idols , that I faw not : for they put vp
theirfiuffetoremouefromtharplace where they lay. And I wentto him that fcrued
their Prieft, and asked him what their God faid to him, when he lay as dead. He an-
fwercd, that his ownc people doth not know , neither is it for them to know, for they
muli doe as he commanded.

mlliam Purfgloue toldeme of the like either iuggling orMagicall prSnkcspra£lifed
by the Samoed-Coniurours or PrieflsjWhom they haue in great veneration.They haue
(ashe teporteth) certaine Images, fome in likenes of a man, others ofa Beare, Wolfe,
&c. which they behang with the richeft Furres they can get, hiding them in Caucs in
theWoods,forfcareofthc7(«//tfj: whotrauell thofe Countries to hunt after wildc
Beafts, as Sable, Fox and Beauer: who if they light vpon thofe furred Deities takea-
way the Furres, and beRow on them greater heat in fires. pHftez.era\s'm6^.<^o.'Yht
Inhabitantcs holde trade with other Samoeds, which haue trafiique with the Ougo-,
ritniiK^^'JMilgomfej , for Sables, blacke and white Foxes,Bcauers,Downe,Whalcs-
Finncs. "WzRu^cs maligning others that gaine which themfclues find in the Samoedj^
trade, traduced the Englifhamongft them as fpics. The Oz,era or lake before the
Towne was frozen oucr Oi^ob. i % . and fo contniucd till May 20. lofiM Logan there uriM^
obfeiued, and Dccemb.i i.hc could fee but the way of the Sun-bcame^: on the 1 3. the
beamcs but not the Sun :which on Chriftmas day he faw rifing at S . and by Weft, and
fetting at South Wef^ and by South : not wholy eleuated from the Horizon; but all the
waythenctherpart ofthc Sun fecmingiuRandcuen with it. They found the harbor of
Pechora lull oficc in luly, the tide ftrong and dangerous. The Towne of Pechora is ^•^"'f^*
fmall, it hath three Churches- the poore in the Springand Summer time liue by catch-
ing Partriches,Gcefc, Duckes, Swans : fait the flefli and liue on them moft of the
Wintcr.Sayling fromT«7?o*fM in Auguft towards NeuaZ emU^ihcy faftened them- }y. Courisn:
fducs to a pccce of ice, which eaufcd their rciUrne homewards.

Pp 2 The

454 0/ other N-orthemeTeopleioyn'm^ to tbeTartars» Chap, 1*7

The Samocds know thcfe vnknownc deicrts,anci can tell where the moflc gioweth,
fffp r; vvhcrcwith they refrefh their wearied Deere, pitching their tents of Deere skiniies

necre the fame. Their wiues and daughters fetch wood romccimcs ten vcrfts off: the^
hang kettles oil the fire withfnow, of which melted, euery onedrinkes a caroufc;
When they haire flipped, they fprcada Deere-skinnc on the fnow within the Tent,
whereon heereftechcouered with his day^apparell. Ten or twclue oftheboycs or
mayds watch the Deere to kcepe them from Wolues or Bearcs : making a great fliotit
if they fee any. For two hundred and fiftiefleds they pitch euery night three tents. The
light of the Moone and fnow helpc them in their trauells.

' The Hollanders in the yearc i ^ 94. fcnt to difcoucr a way to Cathay and China, by
c }iai!.yoy-tO'^- theNorth-Ealt, « which by Maftcr Bxrrotigh, Pet and /4«»»4»,Englifh men, had been Jong before io \-iincittew\>ted JViUiam Bitrentx. was the chiefe Pilot for this Difcoue- ric. This ycarc ^ they failed thorow the Straits of Vaygats. and thought themfeluej

^ndo/elT'^'' riot farrefhortofthcRiiiet Ob. The nextyeare they returned for the fame difcouery.
d Waui^.u' They * landed in the Samogithians or Samoycds countrey,and named a place, becaufe
*Naiiig.i. they there found Images carued of wood, /<i/o//-»#ffi^f. They gauc names to places long
before difcouered by the Englifli, as if they had beene the firlt founders. They learned
of certaine Miifcouites, that the Inhabitants ofN'osn Zemla,\\i6 neither Religion net
Ciuilitie prefcribed thehi by any Law, but worfliippedthe Sunne,Moone,ana North-
Starrejand euery yearc offered vnto them facrificesof DeiCrc and other things. On the
nine and twentieth of Angufi there arofc a thickc foggc, whereupon Oliuer Tirmtd
(which had becnc three feuerallyeares fentby thcKingofDenmarke, for the difco.
uene of Groenland) rcportcth that in threefcorc and fixtcene degrees he had often
obferued fuch thicke fogges, that fome perifhed thereby. Thefc happened mo(t com.
mon\y'mORobcr zni}iN»Hemher. The laft of exf »^«/I they had fpcech with vhcSi-
eDefcription moyeds . they were of « fliort (taturc .fcarcely foure foote high ^ with long haire,
oftbeSdwe/dcJ broad faces, great beads, little eyes , fhort andbowleggcs, very fwift, clothed with
bcafts skins, whereof the hairy fide was outward.They know no God. The Sun(whofe
prefcnce they arc long depriued of in the wintcr( which isrecompcnfcd in their niglit-
lcffeSummcr)is worfhippedamongft them. And when the Sun is declining out of theit
fight, the Moonc,orNorth-(tarrc,ishisrcceiuerorfuccefl'our(ifyou will) in that tri-
bute of their dcuoiions. They haucbefidcs, many Idols rudely carucd. Intimespaft
they had no King.but now they chufc one to that dignitie. They burie the dead, and
»nd offer yeately their facrifices for them to the Sun,Moone,and North-Star,of their
deere which they burne, except the head and feet. They cat the flcfh ofwilde bea(h,ei-
therraw.ordriedintheayre; which make them haue very vnfauorie breath. Onihe
fixth of Septgmhcr tv.o of them went on fhorc.on the Continent ofMofcouia.and en-
countred with aBeare,which killed one of themihij crie brought in other of their fel-
lowes( which W'crc alfo flragling about) to his refcuc,but the Bearc laid hold alfo vp-
^f. ^. on oFio of them.and could not be dtiucn to fotfake his prey, till himfelfe became a prey
11 dh"^ in recompence. The two tornc carkaflcs were there buried. They tooke from one
brmight'home Beare,which they hundred pound of fat,which ferued them for thcirlamps:
aBeare-skinne iheskin was nine foot *long,and feucn wide.

rj.fooclong.' In the yearc 1 596. ^ there were fent other two fhippes, to profequute this Difco-
iiinasPeilj. ueric,which onthe fourth of7«»^had hehtofa triple Sunne, attended and guarded
A/""l-i' .^^jjp, J double Rainbow ,onc encompafling them,thc other crolTing them oucrthwart.
After many dreadfull combatcs with the ice, and one of the fhippes departing from
the othcr.they were forced to winter in 1s(«»'«2^*«»/4; where they built them a houfe
to fcruc them for a fortification againft the fauage Beares,tcmpeiluou$ fformes , con-
tinuall fnowes,ice,and vnfpeakablc cold;and( if worfe may bee )3 worfe then all
thcfe,thcy endured, a concinuall night of many w«ckcs,whcrein neither the Sunne,
nor any of his courtly traine.the leaft raicsto bee the harbingers of his defircd pre-
fcnce,didprefentthetnfchies to their eyes: and the fire could fcarcely preuailc againft
the inful'.ing tyrannic of the cold,to w'armc them. The Bearcs together with the Sun
forfookethem,butpIcntieofFoxesreiTiained;andwith theSunnethe Beaies alfo re-

turncd.fometimc laying violent fiegc to their houfc. From the f'ourch oi^eutmtir
^ ° ° ^ till

Chap.iS. ASIA. The fourth 'Booke,_ 4^

till the feauen and twentieth offamane they faw no funne. Their watch aifo or clock
was by violence of the cold forced to ftand ftill, that they could not meafurc their
times. Thus did they waitcmcxpeilation of the Sunnes returnc , that they alfo (noE
able further topurfuc the voyage ) might returne home, which eleuen of them did in

But feing thefe-North-eafternc Seas arc fo frozen and vnpaflablc , I will therefore
inaninkicSeafinde aneaficrpaffage for the Reader, with more both eafe and fecu-
ritie, to the mightie Kingdome of China, whereof we arc next to fpeake.

Chap. XVIH.

of the Kmgdome of chim.

Hina is fuppofed of fome, to be that Coiintrey, whofe people ofPtole- a I'lol.iSeog.l.f.
mej a arc called »S"/»^. Some thinke them to be the people mentioned f"^}?'
by the Prophet £/^»'',whercunto lumiu alfo indincth. The Arabi- (jfjy^inlar'ap
ans call them i'j-x Tz^imn'. and the Portugals firft of all other ( be- lunlAnm.
caufe they could not pronounce it aright) called them Chwians ( faith
b lofeph Scaliger) Pierre du larrte;l2ith,^ that before f hat time in all ^Jf]''''"*'
the Eaft they were called C% ", and the inhabitants of Ccilan were called ChmgAks, a R'«w du ur-
bccaufe they were mixed with the Chinois; and Cinamom, was of the Perfians named ric.l.j^ dii hi-
Harchini, that i;, wood of China, as forac thinke : he addeth their opinion that dcriuc Poire da Indu
that name from the Chinian falutation,in which they vie the word Chi;, Chij^is a^ick- f^Jlf^/'l'
name therefore giucn them: and others that thinke the CiiieChincheo gauc name to tbuihifl.'indt'g
the whole Region: but it wCrc tedious to recite hecre the feucral 1 opinions in this que- 0)(m/,c.49,
ftion; the diflficultie whereof arifeth from this , that the Chinois thcmfelues know not
this name,but call their Countrey Tamen. Leaumg therefore thefe deriuations and Vy'^TJ'^'^
names of Cin, Cauchin China, Battechina, and the reft; let vs come to the Countrey ""* "''^'P''
itfelfc, itbordercth ^ on theNorth, with Catay and the Tartars; on the Soiith, with
Cauchin China; on the Eafl-, with the Sea; on the Weft, with the Tramdt. It rcachcth
from 17. degrees to two and fortieof Northerly Latitude and lycth after their ownc
defcription = almoflfoure fquare.On the Weft it is feparated and Iccuie from vnneigh-
bourly neighbours, by afindiewildernefle ; on the North, by a wall, which Nature
hath partly framed of high mountaines, and Art hath fupplied with the labour and in-
duHricof men.ItisdiuidediutofifteeneProuinces; fixe whereof border on the Sea,
Ca^tiin, ToquicH, Cheqii:<im,Kl^a>s(j-^in,Xantiim,Pa<juifi : the other nine be in-land,^*-
4»/f, Hi:(jHiim, HoriAn, Xtenft, Xeinf, Suchm»,^eicheu, lunun^ C"*"!'- Sonic reckon
lhe:cname> fomewhatdiffercntly. The King holdcth his Court in Paquin; his predc-
cefTors, before the Tartarian conqueft of this Countrey , arc faid to haue refided in
Nanquin , or (according to the more ancient writers) in Quinfay. Tanto^tavc^ov-
tcth his ow ne ioiuney from Macao to Paquin,the f) ace of fix hundred Spanifh leagues
(v. hich the next way by land is reckoned 450.) in all that fpace trauelling.but one day
by land . for fliortning his way, otherwife all the way by water, caricd in a Ri[icr,callcd
ofthcChinians a little Sea for the grcatncfle, (being the grcatefi which eucr hee faw)
abounding with Sea-f flian hundred lesgiics vp from the Sea, and after that in another
Riucr of likcbigncfTe, whofe waters were thicke and miry, which they clarific with al-
lume , before they can drinke it ; all the reft of the ftreames that he pafTcd were rnad^
by mens hands aboue 200 leagues. Thefe Riuers are abundantly ftorcd with fhipping,
andflomNanquinto Paquin the fpace of three hundred leagues, it feemedto bee,
as it were , a continued flreet of Shippes : and though they came in the morning be*
times to Nanquin, yet were there the fame houre aboue fiue hundred faile of Vcftcls,-
•vnder faile teadic to enter, which were laden with prouifion for the Citie. Thej Kings
Shippcs in thatRc^ion about Nanquin, are reported to be about ten thbufand, to car-
rie his tents and tributes, belides a thoufand faile belonging to priuatc men.The Ships
wherein the (J^.i;y^/!r//Wj or Magi ftratcs and Officers arc carried , arc notinfcriou?

Pp 3 iiV


Of the Kjngdome of Qma,


in fumptuous ftatclinefle to the Shippes Royall in Europe, and fomc exceeding them,
hauino parlours, large hals , and many windowes withfiike Curtaines,and curioufiy
painted: without enuironcd with gallcriei : the height as of high houfes : and painted
within and without, with a ccrtaine liquor made ot a gumme called Claran of (hining
brightneflc and long continuance, befides great ftore of earned vvorkes. Efcahm*
and Giifp^r de Cruz, report a Prouerbe of the Chinois, that their King is able to make a
bridge of Shippes from China to Malaua, which is neere fiue hundred leagues. They
haucfo great ftorc of timber, thataShipmay there bcebuilt for a fourth part of that
which it will here coft. The Riuerf are no Icfle adorned and beautified with Cities,
Tovvnes, and Villages, fo many, as that m all this way being neere or agiinft one they
had alwayfiohtofanother.- and lb great, that fometimc they fayled two or thret


1 way lignt ot another .- ana lo great
houres alongft the walks of fome Citic. Their Townes and Cities haue

They haue (as Barros numbreth) 1 44. Cities of name, dignified by the title F«. Ai-

totiitr Dalmeidaicckoneth 1 <;o. and as many Townes, or fmallcr Cities entituled

' Cheu.Wnh their feueral iurifdiilions: A third fort callcd^/f »,3s great as the meaner CU

ties in Spaine, aboue 1 1 20. Two forts of Caftles both for fortification and habitatioo

withpriuiledgesalfoof market, the greater (brt named Huj 293. the kfleof greater

EfcMntd,r..'i. number 259 3. Their Villages arc innumerable. In each Citie is an Officer that hath

fifGafiiarie charge of the wals, whereby they arc kept faire and ftrong : and for further bcautic,

^'^"^" befidescommoditic offhadow, they plant trees at their dores, which continue grecne

all the ycare long. The Cities generally are like one another, except in grcatncflc.

The rtreets are fl;rait,yceldingprofpe£t from one gate to another.Canton is accoun-
ted the leaft of the Metropolitan Cities • it hath on one fide a great nauigable Riiier,
elfewhcre enuironed with a deep Trench filled with water which is nauigable alfo: the
wals haue 8 3 , Bulwarkcs : the fkeets fo broad that tenne men may ride in front , and
paued, adorned with many triumphant Arches, and fhops on both fides : the bridges
there and clfcwherc in the Kingdomc are many of large free flones very cofily,
thehiohwayej very ftatcly which leade to the Cities : and the Kings houfes for the
publike Officers very magnificent after their manner. Such was theplcnticandi-
bundince, that in this one Citic were fpent euery day bctwecnc fiue and fixe thoufand
Hogoes, a'nd betweene tenne and eleucn thoufand Duckcs, befides a great number of
Kine^Bi'rds.Hens.Conies, Frogs, Dogges.Fifli of many Ibrts: and yet the moftvfuall
meat of the Chinois is Rice boyled with water.

Nanquin ftandeth in two and tbirtie degrees, and is eight or tenne leagues from tfie
aPuHtogii. Sea, with a Riuerkading thither. » Ithath three fairebnckewals,withlarge& (lately
qates. The fircets are of two leagues, or of two and a halfc in length, widc.and paued.
The compafleisat leaft i i.or 12. leagues, and containeth by coniedure 200000
houfes, and (according to all the opinions of the lefuites there abiding) equalling, ot
exceeding in people foure of the grcatefl Cities in Europe. There are diuers other Ci-
ties within a dayes iourney hereof, which are great and famous fortraffiquc, of which
Hancheum and Sucheum are chiefe, which arc of the Chinians called Paradife/or the
plcntie of all things. Sucheum ts as Venice in fituation, hauing her (keetcs part by wa-
ter, and part on land; fo rich in traffique, that the China-bookes doe reckon twclue
millions of reuenue to accrew from hence to tiie Kings coffers .-.and he that fceth thclc
Cities (faith the lefuitc) will bekeue thofe reports.

To ffayhcerc awhile, That ^ Quinfay, whilometheRoyall featcof thcKingsof

b After 1 had
written this, I
was further
confirmed in
my opinion by
the relation of
the Citieof

'Iheforo politico
c 47 who is of
the fame mind,
c BMioReUl.

p.liC z.


from the grauc : the watery 1 - r j

c account truly) any one the richell Kingi^omc in Europe : thef^.tuacioBinthc ind-
defi of China,and neere to the Sea ; the fignification, Quinfay being interpreted.TVj*
CitteofHfatun: and fo is Sunticn (in thedifcourfe d of this Kingdome, written by
CMe«doK.A) faid to fignifie. AUthefereafons doe moueme to conicaurc, thatQiiin*
fay is now by euerfion of Earth-quake , Warres , or both , and by diuerfion of the
Court from thence, conuettcd into this rmaller Sucheum, the name alio a little :niier-


C H A p.lS. ASIA. The fourth 'Booke'. j^^y

ted.remayning as diuers languages anP dialedls will fuff^ r , aimoft the laiTic. Or per.
haps fickcning with fo long vvarrcs (begun in the time ofM. Paulus, and continuing
in the daycs of our countrcy 'man Mundeuile, almoft an hundred yeares after, both of
them feruing the great Cart in thofc warres ) S^nfaji at laft, after lb long and tedious
a confumption, died, and bequeathed what furuiued thofc fpoyles of her land-grcat-
DCs, vnto Nati<jtiinfi(\\tr fca-trcafuresjvnto Sucheum^hoth fucceeding,but not toge-
ther equalling (that wonder of the world) ^iw/zj'.'encompafring an hundred miles, I Oj. p . ■
andtweluethoufandbridgesjfixtcene hundred thoiifandhoufholds, which the coun- lii^.i.lap 6i,
trey adioyning (then the ninth part sf the Kmgdomc of Mangi) yeelding fixtecnc
millions and eight hundred thoufand ducats of goldc,befides fixe millions, and fourc
hundred thoufand ducats forthccullome of faltjinyearclyreucnuc to the great Cau.
Well then may it befeemc 5«c^f«»; and 7\(_^;;^j<2«, bothtohaue rifcnout ofthcaflies
of fuch a Phoenix. Hereto agreeth the report oil^uole di Cont't (who was there about
thcyeare 1440.) that the King had then built Quinfay anew, thirtie miles circuit. But
let rs liftcn to Pantegia.

Thefe Cities ofChina want that elegance and magnificence, which (lately Tcm-
ples.and fumptuous building* doc afford vnto our Cities of Europe. Their houfcs are
lowjwithoutthc ornament of PorchcSjGallcrieSjWindowes, and profpc6l into the
flreets. Befides thefe habitations, they haue many which dwell not on land but in
their fliips. For their fliipping is oftwo forts.onc for faile.another for habitstion alfo,
thefe alfo meaner or fairer, according to the wealth of the owners. In the one fide
they carrie their familicSjin the other fide their paffengers. Many Barques areas vi-
(ftualling houfes by the way.and likewife as fliops of Merchandize. Many of the poo-
rer wjtcr-dwcllers get their lining by labour on land: their wiues ferric ouerpaifen-
gers and vfe meanes to get Fifli. They bring vp thoufands of Duckes , hatched with
artificial! heat in dung,whichhauingfedde withalittlerife in the morning, they put
out at a dore into the water,which prefently fwimmc on land , and cate the weedes
which grow among the nee (thefe weedcrs thereby procuring fome wages of ihehuf-
bandmen to their owners) and at night are called home with a Tabor, CJch rcforting
to their owne Barque. They haue certaine Sea-erovves orCormorants, wherewith
they fifh,tying their gorges that they cannot fwallow the fifhes which they take, till
their Mafters turne being ferued,they are fuffercd to hunt for thcmfelues.

In the Winter '" ihey haue fibre of ycc and fnow , whereby the riuers are frozen c- m ^nth.t)al-
uenaboutNanquin. Theyhaue abundance of all things neceflaric to the life of man, ^'"'^■^^
fruits,flefh,andfini,with prices co;refpondent. Theyhaue two.andfomewhere three
harucfts in thcyeare. Few Mountaines,but Plaines of an hundred leagues. Wine they
make of Rice.Thcy eate thrice a day ^but fpatingly. Their drinke (be it water or wine)
they dtinkchot,and cate with two ftickcs ofIuoric,Ebonie,orlikcmatter,nortouch-
iog their meat with their handes; and therefore little nsperieferueth them. Their
waraic* drinkes and abfiincnce from fruits, are great prekruatiues of their health, »Qf . , ,
which for the mo(t part they cnioy. The Chinians " haue thin beards(not abone twen- (o^nefre and "
tie haires) fhort nofes.fmall black eyes Jong garments with wide flccucs ; and, if they vfeof warmc
Would refembic a deformed man, they paint him with fliort habite, great eyes and diinkcs,rcc
beard,anda]ongnofe. They are white, but not fo much as in Europe, The men as ^-^''fi-dcl
wetlaswomcn.luffertheirhaireto erow long, colour it, and rather it intoanet or '^'^/w'*- -
cauleon the top 01 their heads : thole which are vnmarried wearc their haire cured on of the Chi-
their foreheads. Their falutatlons are tedious, we willihcrtforc but falute them. In nois,
entertayninga friend they ioyne both their handes, and holding thcmvp.bend their
bodiesto the earth: after ether officious ceremonies, they offer h.\mChia to drinke,
which is the water of a certaine hcarbe of great price, and may not be omitted, with
odicriunkets. Except there be great familiarity, hcc which will falute a frieildmuft
fend a letter before for his harbenger, to fignifie his affciSion towards him, with
tcrmesanfwerablctohiseftate. He is hereby warned to prepare himfelfe forentcr-
tainmcntjClothinghinifelfc with apparell for that putpofc, as muft the gueft alfo. If
thcy were vnknowne to each other,they proftratc thcmfelues.and knocke the ground
diuers times with their forcheads.If they fend a prcfcat,they lend withallalet:er,con-



Of the Kjngdoms of China.

Ch AP.18

o Vantogta.iir

layning an Inueiuory of the things fcnt, withHtrmcs very officious; which he muft
anfwer with another letter ofthankes.and a prefent of like or greater value , bei'ides a
rccompcncc to themeffenger.Their partings from each other are as full of cercmonie*
In their fcaCts.they fet each gueft two Tables,onc furniflied with flcfh and fifli, the o-
thcr with fruits and junkets. They fend a Pattre or letter fiue or lixe dayes before to inm
uite them ; and he which cannot come, with another letter muft cxcule hinifejfe. On
the day.vvith the firft light he lends new inuitations ^and again a little before the time
or clfe his guefts will not come. Much curtefieis in the meeting, exceeding much

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 87 of 181)