Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 88 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 88 of 181)
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{training and fttiuing about the place of fitting,as much folemne ccrcmonie in eatin"
as if they were bidden to be witncffes of their hofts o/tentation, to view and a little to
taftc his meats ; but after iixe houres fpent in this banquet , they may goe home to fill
their bellies. In this officious trifling the Chinois fpend a great part ot their lines ; but
efpccially at the beginning of the new ycarehfteene dayes togcther.and at their birth-
dayes. Their women keepc home very clofely.vcry rarely gomg forth to fee their mo-
thers,(illers,or lome of their necre kindred : other wife ncuer; except the poorer fort,
which fomctime are i'eene by the way,apparelled in fhort habite , fomewhat like the
men in thefe parts. The Chinois co.iertlieir heads when they come before thcirbct*
ters. They buy and fell not w ith go]de,but tlluer, and that not coined , but cucry one
hathhisfcoles with him to the Market to weigh his filucr: and they arc very fubtilc
and dcceitfull if men be not very waric. Things are there exceed. ng chcape : ° a hun-
dred pound of fugar may be bought for nine or ten fixe pcnces ; and other things pio»
portionablc ; fo that though there are none we interprett the word in Europe,
lorfuchand fuch rcucnues : yet this chcapeneflc doth recompence that other deleft;
They haue Artificers ofall trades .-and ill idlcnelfe none may hue. The impotent arc
Wellprouidedfjrin Hoipital.. Ttieyhaue no gentlemen, but cucry man is a Plebeian
vntill his merits raife him. Preferment is atchicucd onely by learning. This maketh
them generally ftudious. Their letters are not reduced into Alpbabc.i^all order, nor
arc properly IcttcrSjbutcharadeiSjWhereof they haueforticthoufa.d; and tliercfore
in that they fame not difference offyllablei,but of fence, in diuers languages, yea, in
lapon Pjtheirwriting is vnderfto..d,not their fpcaking. Their paper is like a tiiinne
tranfparcnt parchmcnt,and beareth inke but onone fide. Their writing is downwards,
not fide- wayes,asour»,andwithpenfi]s. They hauc in ordinary aod daily vie eight oc
ten thoufand of thofc characters. Their words are are al:o then far.
namesjof which they haue not aboue three hundred in thai world of people. Rhcto-
riquc is the only fcience which they ayme at ; for he obtaineth places ot honor, which'
can moft fitly place his wordes,and moft eloquently write ot the fubicdt propounded^
Their printing, is not by compofing the letters,as with vs ; but (as in Maps or the like
pieces is herevfcd) they make for cueryleafe a Tabic or boord, with characters on
both fides ; which feemeth very laborious,and yet their bookcs arc very cheape.Thcy
print alfo white in blacke more artificially then i.) Europe, hauing to that end chara-
cters of (tonCjthe letters not being therein fet bat kevvard , that in the impreltion they
may appcare forward ; but in the (lone and paper both alike : laying the paper on the
Itone,and gently prefiing it into the prints thereof.

They haue not pubhquc Schooles, but in the Cities are publiquc trials or com-
mencemcntseuery third yearCjwhether thefe Probationcrsrefort, and are examined,-
^ Vefcfif.MM. and are accordingly preferred. They haucthrec degrees: <5 Graduates of the firltdc-
grec are called Si/fjat ; of the kcond.^ittgjn ; of the third, Ckinz,M. Eucry Citie yeel-
dcthtryallforthcfirft degree. Forthcfecond , onely the Metropolitan Citieofthe
Prouincc ; whcreunto they ot^thc firft degree do refort eucry third yeare, and in a pub-
like houfc,doe the fccond time make an Oration,of fomeobicurer theme then the tor-
mer. There are fuch multitudes ofthem, that fome are fomtimc killed in the entrance
of that their Commenccment-houfe. For the third degrec.they are examined onely at
the Court the third yeare after. And out of this Order are taken their (JM^ttdArtnts ot
Magiftrates after fome ftudie in the law of the Land. While they arc writing their
Probationary Themes, they arcfhut vp.with one to attend them foure and twenty ho-
Hcrs,with pcn^mkc, paper, and candle, and hauing fubfcribed their names, certaine

p Yet the la-'
another kin Je
of writing vn-



Chap.iS. ASIA. Thefourth'Booke: \ 4^9

R.egifter» copie the faid Orations, without fctting to the Au;ljcurs names , sind then
lealevp their F>rftpattcrncs. Thole namclefle copies are by appointed Officers cxami-
ncd.and thofe ch ofcn which they approuc for bcft : the names and Authors are known
by comparing thcfe copies with the principail. In the firft degree they obtaioc cer-
tainc immunities to thcmfelucs and their famihes ; prouidcd that he proceed in his ftu-
dies.orclfctheywill degrade him. He that hath obtamcd the third degree oi'Leyti* r LoytUfix
(is feme tcrmc it,or as we may ftiic it , DoUor) writes it vp ouer his doores , that all ^'""'««
men may honourbis houfe : and this is the higheft NobiUtie whereto they can afcend.
To the elder hrothtr of thefc fellow-commcnccrs(which can be but three hundred and
fiftie at once)Js a triumphall Arch ereftedjbefides other folemnitics.They haue books,
written by ccrtainc wife menorPhilofophcrs.twothoufandyearcs fjnce,ormore,of
PoliticallandMorall Philofophie; the Authors whetcofthcy honour for Saints, efpe-
cially one C»^/«/«*«,to whom the Afandarines doc therefore once in the yeare offer fa-
crifice,and the Kings doc honour his pofteritie vnto this day. And hec alone in the
pithand weight of his Sentenccs.may be compared to /'/^fo or .S^i*i?r/» , though fatre
fhort ofthcir elegant and eloquent phrafe.Poetrie,Paintijig,and Mufi(ke,are amongll
them commendable qualities : but they are not fo expert in them as men in thefc
parts They know little of the world but their owneKingdomc,wbjch they common-
ly cal the world.Whenthey faw aMap ofihcWorldjWhich thclefuitcs hod, they were
Bot a little.aftopillKd to foit lo great,& their Kingdomc fo little.which they thought
had bin the one halfe thereof. Ot God and hcaucnly things they know nothing. They
had thoueht,that none had bookes and letters but thcmfelucs. The names of fomc of
their Authors in the Mathcmatickcs.with their opinions, and the manner of their Epi-
flles.isexprefTedinthele tcrof7'fe^//otoi?;m,extant amongftthc lefuitcs Epiftles.
Their learning is not fo the firft Chinian relations report , in the Maihc- '''"/"•f'^' 9'7«
tnatikes, and other liberall Sciences. The principail Af<i>irii/rfr/»« admire the lefuits in
thefc things/who efleemc the greatcft learning of the Chinois, after their valuation,
to be nothing fuperiour to that of the Romanes, in the dayes of Cicero : ( although it
cannot be denied, that Rome euen then approchcd nearc her higheft toppe of humane
Science) It were an endleflcworkc to recite the admirable things of this huge King-
dome : and therefore I remit the Reader to thofc diuers Authors, which haue written
Tfeatifes ofthcm.

S'et out ofthefc I hope the Reader will pardon mec, to obferue fomtfiing touching
tlieir Politie and Gouerncment. This Kingdomc is by thcmfelucs ^ called Tamen^ and f ftrtri,
the Inhabitants, T'/fWf^iw/ ; Chim is a metre ftranger in China. The King is abfolute
Monarch.and in reuenucexceedeth all the Princes in Europe, and Afrikc together t
which aiifeth out of that which is properly callcd^(f»/w,thcpoll-moneyofhi«fub. cn^itti
lefts (paying three Mazes, or halfc ducats) exceeding thirtic Millions 1 and his t Tri- ^ rributumJ
butcs.out of theprofits of the earth,and their handicrafts.amounting to fixe and twen-
tie millions after their owne bookes. His" Cuflomcs in Canton (one of the IcaftPro- u f^e^if/zL]
uinccs) arc necfe eight millions, /'^w/o^w fummeth the whole at a hundred and fiftie
millions. His expences arc exceeding great ; all the i^<i«^r/»«,Eunuches or Courti-
ers,Souldicrs,HofpitaIs,andPriefts recciuing Stipends out of his Exchequer. The
Kingdomes adiaccntarc willingly refufed of this King , whofe prcdecclTors fomtimc
po(refred,aftcr freed them,as bringing more burthen then profite : which oflatc ap-
peared in Corif4,which the laponites inuaded, the Chinois defended , as abutting on
the Frontires : but when the enemic left tnuading.thc defender foone after voluntarily
relinquiflied thefc new fubiefts. The Kinghath one wife &many Concubines, whofe
childreninhcritcifthelawfullwifc be barren: as euen now it happened j* the prcfent * ^«f.1>em.
]King (whofe prcdeceffor was named TW/Vij being the fonnc of aConcubine .as his '***•
apparant heire alfo is. Thcfe women are fo ftraitly kept, that they are neither fuffcrcd
to goc abroad, nor to fpeake vnto their kinsfolkes, which likewife receiue no increafe
ofhonourorauthoritieby theitkinfewomens aduancement. His Courtiers arc Eu-
nuches.whom their poorer parents haue gelded in their youth, in hope of this Court-
prefcrment.wherc after they are admitted by that M4nderi»e appointed to this office,
they ate trained vpvndcr elder Eunuchcs to be made fcruiccable. Of this drolTe of


440 0/ the l^ingdome of China. Chap.i&

■ IIB I M I II ■ ' ■' " ■ ■ -^ -— ^ ■ ■ .

mankindcarefuppofcdtobcintheeourtfixteene thoufand. This King is efteemcd
more tyrannicall then his prcdcceflbrs , neyther doth hcc euercomc abroad as they
Were wont once in the ycare,to facrifice in the Temple iacrcd to hcauen and earth His
Pallacc is farrc more fpacious,but not equall in WGrkcmanftiip to thole in Europe. Ic
is coropaffed with a triple wall.the firft whereof might inuiron a large Townc.Hcrein
befides the many lodgings of the Eunuchs,arehills,groues,ltrcamts,and other thingis
y T/oUigia. of pleafure.Tlie lefuitc y our Author faith.that he pafled eight huge Pallaces before he
came to the loggings ofthofeEunuches which were appointed to Jearne how to or-
der their Clockes or Watchcj^wherwith they had prefented the King : and there were
as many beyond. Andafcendingvp aTowcr,hefawtrccs,gardeDi,houfes,excecding
•11 that euer he had ftene in Europe, who yet had btene in many the moft iumpiuous
buildings therein.Witbin the third wall is theKing , with his women , children, and
fuch feruants as are thither admitted. When the heirc apparant is pioelaymed, all his
Other fonncs are fent away foonc after,and confined to certainc Cities, wherethcy no>
thing participate in affaires of State rotherwife are honoured as the Kings kindred,
liuinginpleafureintheirPallace-prifons, vnto the third and fourth gcneiation. The
Kings title is, Lerdefthefyerld,AndSofi?teef HeMcn. Their Hiftorics mention fome
of their ansicntKings very vertuous, which worfliipped no idols ; but only him which
made heauen and earth : and when their owne fonnes were vnvvorthy, preferred to be
their fucccffors.fuch as they deemed moft vertuous. The King that expelled the Tar.
tars about two hundred yeares fince,eftablifhed this their prcfcnt Politic ( whichbis
poftcritic ftill continue) cafleering all the ancient Nobilitie and Magiflratcs^that none
is now great but the King. Neither is any meanes of grcatnefle left to any , the royjU
kindred not dealing with affaires of gouernement : the goucrnours neyther inheriiing
their offices,nor leauing eyther place or name of gcntrie to their families. And thole
which hauc command of the fouldicrs,pay not their wages ; nor haue the Trcafurcrs.
comosand of their pcrfons : and their employments are (out of their natiue) in Ibnaa
remoter Prouincc.

The yJ/^w^^nw/ haue their habite (■i)oth in attire and language ) in their iudiciall
proceedings peculiar. OfthcfeAf4«fl4r/»?w(toomit them whicharc officers ineach
Gitic) there are three principal! in each Prouince. The fittt hath to deale in cafes cri-
minalljand is called Ganchafu : the fecond is the Kings FoHercr or Ti eafurer , and ij>
called fwff/rtwp; the Lieutenant for the warre$,named Chumptn. Thcle all are in f .b-
3e£tion vnto the Ttitan or Vicc-roy of the Prouince. All thefe Magiftrates beare office
threcyeares together.chofen alwayes out of other Prouinccs, to auoyde corruption..
They haue an annuall officer called Chaiett^'who maketh inqui(ition of all crimes, botlt
ofpriuateperfonsandMagiftratesthemfelues. When the King preferreth any to the
digniiic of a Mandarine,oT to a higher office, their cuftome is to put vp a libell or fiip-
plication.inferring their infufficiencie, with many modcft refufais : yet loth to be be-
lceued,and that the King fhould accordingly refufe them ; as fcMTietimcs{again(i theit
will) he doth.and certainly would , if this officious forme of deprecation beomitteil
by them. Notwithftandingallprouifionstothe comrarie, they are couctous, cruell,
and exceedingly addiiled to bribes .-and where they findenot(ajit often happens)
they make Uwes/ometimes contrary to others , alway for their owne will and ad-

None may execute the fentencc of death.but by fpecial commifTion from the King;
And therefore the Malefa^lors are confumed in the prifon?. But they haue authoritic
with certaine Canes to beate men on the legges, in fuch terrible cruckie, that a fevve
blowes may eyther lame or kill the partic. And therefore no King is more feared then
thefe Af^«<i<Jr/«w,who goc (or arc carried rather) on mens fhoulders in fuinptuous
chairs ( fuch is their fafhion) attended with fiftie or thrcefeore Sergeants going bctore
them,two and two in a ranke,arined and furnifhed with Halberds,Maces,Battle«axcSk
Chaines.and thefe Canes : fome crying to giuc way,wherevvith and the npyfe of the!?
Chaines,and Canesjboth men and dogges, with mute filence giue place. In tke mid-
deft of their Cities arc Pallaces of the Kings for thefe officers to refide in. Id Paquin
and Nanquin thcmultitude of thefe Magiftratcs is of thefe Cities con-


C H A P . I *?• ASIA, The fourth 'Sooke, ^4 1

taynin" more then two thoufand and Fue hundred, as many as fomc where are of -Ci-
tizens. Tliefe all twice a day heare caufes,and execute lurticc.Iii Paquin are Gx'Afatt^
</*?n»r^,Prcrulcnts of fo many feuerai Coi'.ncels.Thc firft of thefe is called the hcaueniy
Manduritie for that his moft ample power, which cttcrcateth with the King for the pre-
ferment, degradation.orcorredlionofall the /!/4»^^r/«« in the kingdom : fornotone
ofthem is there whofe office is not by his Maielly confirmed or abrogatcd.The fecond
isMaftcr ofthe Ceremonies, both in humancniagnificence and diuine facrifice. The
third is head of the Councellof warie. The fourth is chiefcTreafurer. The fift is Sor-
oeyor.and Procurer genera^l of the Kings buildings m his Pallace, in the walls of Ci-
tici,and fuch likc.The lafi dealeth as chiefc vndcr the king i n caufcs criminall. Thefe
fixe are inferiour to one order of Aiandarines ,vj\\\c\\ are of the kings Priiiie Councell.
Thefe Magiftrates arc no way comparable in wealth to the Nobles in Europe. Their
feiitcnce againlt guiltic perfons is without folcmne furniture ofwords;as,Lct him hauc
twcntie rtrokes more or Icire.which by chofc Canine Canc-men is fuddenly executed,
the party lying grouclling on the ground. Thefe Canes are cleft in the midft, three cr
foure fingers broad : t wentie or thirtie blowcs will fpcile the flefh.fiftie or threefcore
wil askclong time to be healed,3n hundred are vncurablc.They vfc alio the Strappado^
hoifing them vp and dovvncby the amies with acord.Thcy beabouemeafurepatienc
inhearingcaufes : ami their examinations are pobliquc. Condemned pcrfbnshauca •
pitlory-boord faftened about their neck.and hanging down before them to the knees,
in which his fellony or ti ea fon is expreffed ; which boord neither fuffcreth them well
toeateorfleep, and in fine killcth them. TherebcineueryMctropolitanc Citie foure
principall houfcs.for chofe three officers before mentioned ; the fourth for the Taifit,
wherein is the principall gaole or prifon,walled about high and flrong, with a gate of
nolcfle force ; within ths fame are three other gates before yoo come where the prifo-
nerslie, inthemeancfpacearefuch as watch and ward day and niight. The prifon
within is fo great that in itarelireetsandmerkct-placcs.and neiier voydeof fcuen or
«ight hundred men^thatgoc at libcrtic. In Canton alone ate faidtobc 1 5000. prifo-
ners : & in this and euery other Metropolitan Citie, thirtecne prilbnes.fix of which are
alwayes pofl'c{led,or doe pcflcfle rather.thofe which are condemned to death. In c-
tcry ofthem arc a hundred fouldiers, with their Capiajric to kccpe them. The offen-
dors arc allowed to worke in the day time for their liuhig ; for little almes are giucn in
China, and but a little Rice allowed them by the king. Such prifoncrs as arc in for
debt. hauc a time appointcdforpaymentrat which if they failc,they are whipped, and a
new time afIigned:andfo they proceed til the debt be paide.or the debtor dead.If any
man remouc his dwelling from one place to another, the neighbours caufc a Cryer to
prodaimc it with ringing of a Bafoii, that his creditors, if he haue any , may come to'
demand their debts.which the neighbours if they ncglectthis duety,are charged with.
Executionsofdeadly fentencc are fcldome, and that with many ceremonies. Thusic
comes to pafle,thatofwhippings and imprifonment there die thoufands yearly. But
byfollowing*Pf>-fr;j(fometimc a prifoner there) into his prifon and others, ] finds
my felfc almoft imprifoned , and therefore will flee hence into their Temples,'
and there takeSanctuarie. Here they deale as madly with their Gods, as there with
their men.

C H A p. X I X.

OftheReligton vfcdtnChtna.

i^TT^Owmuch the greater things arc reported of this fd large a Countrey
JTJW and mightie a kingdom,fo much the more compaffion may it prouokc
m^ in Chriltian hearts.that amongft fo many people there is Icatfc a Chri-
^ ftian, who amongft fo ample reucnues , which that king poffeffeth,
^ paycth eyther JKart or name, vnto the King ofHeanen , till that in fo
huge a vintage,thc lefuitcs oflate hauc gleaned a few handfuls to this




Of the ^eliolon yfedin China,

Chap, (9

profcffion. (JTf./'4«/«^,iS|^.«/iC«»^»,and O^ffWrw call this countrcy" yT/rf>;^/, which
i!M. oe au j- ^^^^hac better aerceth with Tamen and Tameifm,7y% Perera^ox Tang-isfls Efcalan.
that m Z;/wn?« ' 1 . , ,, i° , , i ^i ■ t ■ l i i ■ i r i ■ . i ■'

(or ;jpa») they ta faith they call thcmiclues,tlicn Chtna,\\n\cn they thinkc from the neighbour coiin-

callcditCw. trey ofC<««c^"»'^'fc«»'« was applied to this. It had (after 7<.i«/«jj twclue hundred Ci-
io»i;oiW faith ties.after OdoricM,tvio thoufand.and yet both they dcfcribc another Urge country of
thattheiW^B- ^^^.,^ ,porc Northerly, that here againcwemay preuent fuch fcruplcs. ThcirRcligU

the countrey
about Canton
Mangines yihst
rude,an(l vnci-
uill ; asjfarre
fiom the cities
b Gi.Bot.Btit,
c M..?o\o.

& The name
hundred cies.

e Odormitf.

( l^k.d'Centl
g Ootar.Artbus

_ . . - - - gl-

en was then, and continuethfiill (though with fome alteration) Idolatrous orEth-

nikc,and it is thought b that a great part of Afia.efpecially the Hands as farrc as ZeiUv
znd tucn to Madagafcar, borrowed fome ofthcir fuperftitions from hence, as hither
they fometimc payed their tribute,vntill a fulnefle and tearc of fuifet caufed the Chi-
nois, as you hauc heard, to let themfclues blond , and willingly to relinquiHi all that
which they doe not now enioy. They were before the Tartarian Conqueft c giuen to
Aftrologie,and obferucd natiuities,and gaue direiflions in all matters ofvvcight.Thefc
Aftrologers or Magicians toIdef<sr/«r the King of China or Mangi, that his King-
dome {hould ncuer bee taken from him, but by one which had a hundred eyes. And
fuchin name W3S<* C6/»/<i»^4/««« the Tartarian Captainc^whichdifpofleffcd him of his
(tate.and conquered it to the great Can about 1 269. This Farfitr liued in great deiica-
cie,nor didcuerfeareiomcetc with fuchany/'-^w. He brought vp yearely twohuH"
dred thoufand Infants, which their parents could not prouide for ; and euery yearcon
certaine of his Idol-Holy-dayes feafied his principall Magiftratcs.and all the vvealthi-
eft Citizens ofQuinfay.ten thoufand perfons at once, ten or tweliiedayes together.
There were then fom few Neftorian Chriflians; one Church at Qo^infay ; two at Cing-
hianfu.anda few others. Theyhadmany Idol- Monafterics. They burned their dead:
the kinfcmenofthcdead accompanied the corpfe,clothcdinCanuas,with muilck and
hymnes to theirldols : and when they came to the fire, they cafi therein many papers,
wherein they had painted Slaue8,Horfe'!,Camcls,& of the Cathayans is before re-
portcd,to ferue him in the next world. They rcturnc.aftcr their funcrall rites are fini.
flicd ,with like harmony of inftrumcnts,and voiccs,in honor of their Idols.which haue
receiued the foulc of the deccafed.

0<i«r;c«acaffirmeth that at Katianor Zait«n,hc found two Couents ofMlnoritc-Fri-
ers,andmanyjvlonafteries of Idolaters, in one wherofhe was, in which (as it was told
him) were three thoufand Votaries, and a hundred thoufand Idols. One of thofe Idols
(lefle then fome others) was as bigge as thePopifh Chriflepher. Thefe Idols they
fccdc cuery day with the fmoakeofhot meates fet before them : but the meate they
eate themfclues. At Quinfay a Chinian conucrt ledde him into a certaine Monaftery,
where he called to a Religious perlbn.and faid. This T^aban Frartcm, that is, this Reli-
gious Frenchman commeth from the Sun- fetting, and is now going to CambaIeth,to
pray for the life of the great C«y»,and therefore you muft fhew him fome ftrange fight.
Then the faid Rcligiousperfontooke two great baskets full of broken reliques, and
led me vntoalittlc walled Parke, andvnlockcd the doore. Wee entred into afaite
grecne,wherem was a Mount in forme ofa Stetple,rcplenifhcd with heavbes & trees.
Thcndidhcring with a Bel],at the found whereof many creatures, like Apes, Cats,
and MonkeyeSjCame down the Mount,and (cmc had faces like men, to the number of
fourethoufand,putting themfclues in good order,before whom he fet a platter, and
gaue them thofe fragments. Which when they had eaten, he rung the fccond time.and
the^' all returned to their former places. I wondredatthefight, and demanded what
creatures they were. They are (quoth he) the foules of Noblc-mcn, which we here
feed for the loue of Godjwho gouerneth the world. And as a man was honourable in
his his foulc cntereth after death into the body of forae excellent beaft, butthe
foules offimpic and rufticallpeop'epoircffe the bodies ofmorc vile ^nd brutifh crea-
tures. Neyther could I diffwade him from the opinion,or perfwade him that ai>y foulc
might remainc without a body.

Nic.di Conti f faith,that when they arife in the morning,they turne their faces to the
Eaft,andwiththeirhands ioyned fay,C7<Ji^i«Tnw<y keepc vs inhisLaw.

Their Religion at this time is Idolatrous and Pagan, wherein the common peo-
ple arc S fomewhat fiipcrflitious, but the King himielfe and the Ma»darmei, as feeing


CHAP.i9« ASIA. Thefourth'Booke, ^43

the vanitie thereof, and not able to fee the truth, areinmanher irreligious and pro-r
fane: they firftworfliip that which is A/^orA;»^/« the rvtr'd ^ and the!e lindc nothing
in the world, but the world and thefe momentany things,to woiOiip. Yctdoethcy
acknowledge a Dcitie of the Heauen and Earth, whereof the former Kings haue bccne
more fuperftitioufly obferuant : and this King alfo, when as fomc few ycares fince his
Pallace was tired with lightning^being guiitie of his owne vnworthincfle , he com-
mindedhisfonnctopray vnto heauen for rcconciliation.And although h the Manda- h Vantog.
rincsconfincthcirhappincflc with their lines, yctfomeofthcm are found admirable
iiithcirprauitieandconftancic of refolution.This appeared lately,when as the King, in
iouc of bij fecond Wife or Concubine, would haue preferred her fonne to the title of
Priiicc^and hope of fucceflion, ncgleding the elder, which was the fonne of her, \\ ho
among his women had the fourth piacc.contrary to the lawes and cuftomcs of China :
they all alTcmblcd together, and prefented a Petition to the King , That foraimuch a$
he would not be ad.Toniflicd to obferuc their auncient law es in proclaiming the law-
full hcircapparant, thathce fliouldfceke him new Officers, and for their partes they
refii'iied their Mandarine-robcs ; w hich the King (relenting) caufed them to refumc,
w th promifc of fariifad^ion to their dcmaund. There haue not wanted of them
\vh ch haue publiqucly in writings (after their manner) expofiulated with him of his
Vniul} courlcs :and one on this {oit,Althotighfi K'n^, fk»owthe Gibbet U already fit-

Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 88 of 181)