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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 89 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 89 of 181)
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ehedfor mte^andthejire lii'idledio burnt mee, jet rvtU not I ceafe to reprehend thincimu-
Ties andj)nbli^ue enormities. Amongft all their Idols,' they obfcrue with great rcue- '^ifcourfeof
rcnceOw,whith they paint with three heads.continuallylookingcach on. t' er. O- '"^-'-i*
tilers they haue rcfcmbling the pidure; ofthe Apoftles. Thcfc were thePhilofophers
\vefpakcof,vvhereofthteearcprincipaIl,Co«/«yfkf,A'f^«MW, and Tarz^u. The firll is
in fir!! and chiefe account for the jnuention of part of their letters , for his holineflc^
and for hisbookes ofmorallvertues. Vpon the dayes of the New and full Moone,
kJiisDifciplcs which arc in manor all their men of learning, Mandaiinesand Students, k Dia.lo^.Mac.
doe nlTcmblc thcmfeljcs at thecommon Schoole or Commencement-houfe, and be-
forehis Image (which is worChipped with burning of Incenfe andTapcrs) they doc
bow their knees thrice.and bend their heads to the ground. The followers of the fe-
cond are cal cd Cen in China,and in lapon ^o«*f,vvhich fliaue their heads and beards ,
and doe for the moft partinhabite the Temples oiXeejjwam , or ofother Saints of that
profelTion, rchearling ccrtainc prayers after their manneronbookes or beads, and
haue fomc inckling of the life to ccmc, wi:h rewards anfwcrable to the well or ill
fpcnt life. The third fort, which follow TiJ^^w, differ :n their long haire, and fome o«
ther ceremonies from the former but they both hue in great contetnptas men vnlcar-
tied and ignorant.and are not permitted to fit befide the Magiftrates, but kneele be-
fore them and are fubieift to their punilliment no lefle then the Vulgar. They wearc
ontheirheadsaTyrelfke toaMiter (faith '?>{«»«*/ .'^ twice was I at Canton, and 1 Mekbkr
Could finde none ofthem which could fo much as teach mee their ownc myfteries. Nunnes,
Corfi:lim\\\%JsxccW%^xckr\hc the light of Nature 3% guide, afctibing much to the
heauens,toFatc,tothcwor(hrppingtheir forefathers Images, v. iithout mention of o-
thcr God in other things approchingneerefi to the Truth,

""OiithcfaidHoly dayes of the new and full Moone, a little before Sunnerifing.iii
allthc Cities of this vaftKingdomc, and in all the flrecte* thereof at one and the fame ^^^^' ' '^"^
lioure, they make publication and proclamation of (ixe precepts ; firft , Obey thy Fa-
ther and Mother : l(:condly.Rencrencc thy eld' rs and fuperiors: thirdly, Kcepe peace
with thy neighbours rfourthly.Teachthy children and pofteritic : the flic cnioyncth
tilery one to dii'charge his office and calling: r he laff prohibit eth crimes, as Murther^
Adulterie Theft and ftich like. Thefcthingsdoe their Mandarines caufe tobeobfer-
ued ;othcrwifeAthei(ts, not hauing rcafoncr reafoning of the immortalitie of the
foulc,and future fewards.which yet fome of their bookes and pi-^uresot their Paoot
God rcfcnsblingthofeinfernall torments, might learne them. Both Mandarines and
others haue many Images in their houfes, to w hich they ficniice. But " if they obtaine „ Ai^fnimndd
nottheirrequefls, they will whip and beate thefe Gods, and then fet them againein Kcg.Sm.
theirplacc5,and with new Incenie fccko their reconcilement, renewing their prayers,

Q^q and



444 ^/ ^'^^ ^liglon 'yifed in China. CHAP.jp



and their ftripes alfo.iftheirprayersbcrciefted.And in a word the Mandarines arc the
Gods (or Diuels rather) whom the people mort fearc.as drcadingblovvcs from them
which they themfclues at plcafurc can and doe inflid on the other . This God-beatin<»
o Mapuil.e. they vfc with Lots." For when any is to vndertakc a iourncy or any matter ofvveight,
Difc.ofChina. as buying, lending,marrying,&c. They hauetwoftickesHatonthe one fide, other-
wife round,asbiggcas a Wahiutjtyed together with a fnall thread, which after many
fweet ©raifons they huric before the Idoil. If one or both of them fail with the flat
fide vp wards they reuile the Image with the moft opprobrious termes: and thcnha-
uing thus difgorged their choller.they againc craue pardon with many fawnmg pro-
mifes. But if at the fecond caft they ftnde no better fortune,they pafle from woides to
blowcs, the dcafc God is hurled on the earth into the water or hie, till at laft with his
viciflitude of fweet and fowrc handling, and their importunate reiteiations of theit
ca(is,he muft ncedes at laft rclent.and is therefore feaftcd with Hcnnes, Muficke, and
(if It be of very great m'-rnent,which they confult about) with a Hoggcs head boiled,
dreffed with hearbes and flowers, and a pot of their wine. They obferue another kinde
of Lots,with ftickes put together in a pot,and drawing out the fame, confult, witha
certainc bookc they haue,of their deftinjc.

But to returne to their varietic of Idols. Vun G afpar de la Crux , being in Canton,
entrcd a certaine Religious houfe,where he faw a Cbappell , hauing therein , bclides
many other things of great curiofitie, the Image of a w oman.with a chilc'e hangings.
bout her neck, and a Lamp burning before her. The myftcrie hereof (fo hke the Popilh
p The p'lflure vmy^ene ofwtquitie) none of the Chinois could declare. The Sunne,thcMoone,
her°bkfl"^d'''^ Starrcs,andcf?ecially Heauen it felfe.are Gods ofthcfirft forme in their Idoll fchoole.
Sonne'! ^ T'hty acknowledge X<i<»co» Tt.tinuy the Gouernour of the great God (fo it fignifieth)
to be sternall and a Spirit. Oflike nature they efteeme C*"f^y , vnto whom iheya-
fcribe the lower hc3uen,and power oflife and death. They fubieft vnto himthreco-
thcr Cfims,T4uijf(Am,Tej^uam,Tz.uitjuaw : The firft fuppofed to be Authour ofraine,
the fecond of humancN3tiuitic,Husbandric,and Warres ; the third is their Sea-T^*;.
tune. Tothcfethey offer vid^uals, odours, and Altar- clothes; prefendng themalfo
with Playcs and Comedies. They haue Images of the Diuell with Serpentine lockej,
and as deformed lookes as here he is painted, whom they worfhippc, not toobtaiac
any good at his hand, but to detaine and bolde his hand from doing them cuill. They
haue many hee and fhec-Saints,in great veneration, with long legends of their liues.
Amongft the chiefe of them arc Stchia, the firit inucnter of their religious Votaries of
both SC&.S \_^uji»^iA an AnchorefTc ; and l>{eoma a great Sorccrcflfe, Frier A'fartiii,
in one Temple in 'L'fi^o.tolde a hundred and twelue idols. In time of trouble they
hauefamiIiaritiewiththeDiuell,?);</r»</<rv4//ifr<»obferued , beeingin a Ship with the
Chinois, in this fort. They caufe amantohcon the ground gioucliing, and then one
readeth on a booke,the reft anfwering,and fome makca found with Bells and Tabors.
The man in fliort fpacebfginneth tomakcvifagesand gcfluics, whereby they know
the Diuell is cntred,and then doe they propound their requcfts, to which he anfwc-
rcthby word or Letters. And when they cannot extort an anfwcre by word, they
Ipread a red Mantle on the ground, equally difperfing all ouer the fame a certaine
quaotitic ofRice. Then doe they caufe a man that cannot write to ftand there,them-
fclues renuing their former inuocation , and the Diuell entring into this man, caufeth
him to write vpon the Rice. But his anf\\'ers arc often full of lie*-. In thecnrricsof
their houfes they haue an Idol-roomc, where they lucenfc thefc Deities inorningami
euening. They offer to them the fwceteft odours.Hens Geefe, Duckes, R ice, Wine;
a Hogs head boyledis a chiefe offering. But little hereof falleth to the Gods fharc,
which is fet in a difh apart : as the tips of the Hogges cares, the bills and feetc of the
Hcns,a few comes of Rice, three or foure drops of Wine. Their bookes tell much of
hell.their deuotions little. Their Temples arc homely, and filthic : no Oracle is in any
of them. They haue fables of men turned into Dogges or Snakes, and againe mcta-
morphofed into men. Andthcy which beleeue the paincs of hell, yet beiceuc aftcra
certaine Ipace, that thofc damned foules fhall pafle thence into the bodies offonie
beafts.

It



Chap.i9» ASIA, The four th'Sooke^ ^4^



Itwcrctcdious to tell of their opinions touching the Creation. All being a rudfe
and rnformed Chaos, T<y« (fay they) framed sndfetled the Heaucn and Earth. This
TdiK created PauK.o>i and F^anena. Pahz^oh by power of TVyw created TaHhem->, and
hij thirtcene brethren. Ta»hom gaue names to all things, and knew their vtrtues.aiid
with his faid brethren multiplied their generations,which continued the (pace ofninc-
tie thoufand yearci. And then Tayn deftroycd the world for their pride , and created
another man named Lotz.itz,am,yvho had two homes of fwcet fauor.out of which prc-
fently did fpringforth both men and women. The firftofthefc was AUx^An, which h-
ucdninc hundred yeares.Thcn did the heauencreateanother man {Lotz.iti.am was;
now vanifhed) named Atz.ion^\v\iok mother Ltttim was with chiide with him onely
in feeing a Lions head in the airc.This was doneinTruchin,in thcProuince ofSanton;
hcliued eight hundred ycares. After thij.F'T^o and HAntx^ui, and Oehtmej withhis
Ibnnc ficw/tfw.and his nephew Vitei the firft King of China (they fay ) were the in*
uentcrs of diucrs Artcs.

They haue s many Monafteries offourc differing orders of Religion, diftinguifhed
by the feuerall colours oftheirhabit,blacke,yellow,\^hite, and ruflet. Thefefourcor- ciSla/ °^
dersarefaid to haue their Generals (whom they call Tm<J«j which refidc in Paquin.
ThefeordaiheProuincials.who againchaucfubordinated to them the Priors offeue-
rail hoiifes or Colleges, in thofe their houfes acknowledged chiefe. The Generallis
clothed with filke in his owne colour, and is carried on mens fhoulders inanluorie
chaireby foure or fixe men of his habitc. They Hue partly of reuenucs giuen them by
fheKing,and partly by begging : which when they do.they carric in their hands a ccr-
tainethi<.)g,\\ herein are p. ayers written, whereon the almes arelaide,and the giucr
therby cleared of his mony,l (liouldhauefaidofhisfinne.Theyarerfliauen.vfe beads, r Itfcemes
tatetogethcr,and haue their Cclls,aflift at burials, arife two houres before day to pray that fomcRo-
♦ntoihc heauen and Smqy.im,\\\\n (they fay) was the inucnter of that their manner of '"'fliFncrs
lifc.and became a Sainton which their deuotion they continue vntil break of day.fing- ^'^ ^'^(^\x
ingand ringing of bcIU. Once.boththeFrierswhichformerly, and the lefuitcs which
laterhaue buithcre,aflfirme a great conformitic betwixt their and the Chinian cere-.
monies .They may not marry in the time of their Monkifh deuotion.but they may (ac-
quainting the Generals therewith ) at their pleafurc relinquifli their vowe. The cldeft
fonncs may not enter into religion, becaufe they arc bound to fuftaine their aged pa-
rents At theadmittanceofanyisagreatFeaft,madeby their friends. At the lanching
ofanyShip.they dedicate the lame to theMoone.orfomeldoU : and befides,therc re-
fort thither thcfcMonkes,to make facrificesin thepoope, and reuerence the Diuell,
whomtheypaint inthefore-caflle, thathemay doe themno harme. Elfe would flie
make an vnfortunate voyage. ("The religious men, as is faid, are fhaucn , thepeoplc ^ ^^figi
Ivearelongiiaire, in combing whereof they are womaniHily curious, thefc hoping by
their lockcs to be carried into heauen j the othcr.profefling a ftate of greater perfedi-
on,icfufeanyfachhelpe. There be oftheir religious more auftere/ which liue (in de- t lacob Anton.
farts and folitarie places) thchuesofHeremites,with great abftinence and aulieiitie of i6i^.Adrri.
life. Thev haue hills confecrated toIdols,whither they refort in hcapcs on pilgrimage ; ^^^•^wc»/».
hoping hereby to merit pardon of their finncs, and that after their death they fiiall be
borneagain more noble and wealthy. Some of thcfe will not kill any huing creatures,
efpecialiy fuch as are tame, in regard of this their Pythagorean opinion ofthe"tranfa- „ , .
nimation or paflaf:e of foules into hearts. Thclcfuitei conuertedonemanneere vn- ^'ff<4«X**
to Nanquin.which had thirtieyeares together obferued a fart, notftrange among the '^'^'
Chinois.ncuer eating fldhorffh. and on other things feeding temperately. Vfurers
arc pun (lied in Qiina.with the lofle of that money fo employed.

Of their Prierts is before fhewed,that they haue both fccular and regular: * the one
vvcareth long hairc and blacke cloches, and hath priuate habitation; the other hue in ^ ^'"'""'t"?-
Coucnts andarefhaucn. Ncythcr may marry.though both doe (and not herealonc)
fiarrcworie.They much commend in their bookesy the confideration and cxaminaci- y Nic.Lo»eo(>itr
on ofaman5felfe, and therfore do efteeme highly of them which fequerterthemfelues
from humane focietie to diuineconcetBplation, that (as they fay) they niayreftore
jbcmfclues to themfeliies,and to that piiffine ftatc, wherin the Heauen creared them ;

0.3 z And



446 Of the ^I'l^ion "vfed in China' C h a p » f (>

And therefore haue not onely Colfcgcs of learned men , who leaning the affaires of
State and fecular diftra6tions,do in priuatc villages liue together.obfcruing thefe con.
tempi 'tions with mutuall conferences: but eucn women alfo hauc their Nunneries,
and liue a Monafticall life vnder their Abbefles after their maner : although cuen fuch
as are married liue clofcly enough ; their feet to this end fo flraitly fwadled in their in-.
fanciCjthat they grow but little^ (and to hauc little feet is with them great commenda-
tion) whereby they cannot but lamely walke abroad. And if any Widdow rcfufe a fe-
cond marriagCjfhc obtaineth hereby much praiie and many priuilcdgcs. Their 5«»*y
are fo liitlc accounted of, that the lefuites wearing their habite were httle fct by^and
therefore taking the Mandarinc-habite.were exceedingly honored of all forts, as pro-
fcflbrs of learning.
Pgntogia, Many are the ceremonies whichthey there obferuc in Funcrals.As they honor theic

patents in their life time (being otherwifc liable to grieuous punishments , yea feme
of their Mandarins wil fuc for the Kings licence to Icauc their publike funiflion to giue
priuate and more diligent attendance to their parents)fo after their death they mourne
threeyearesin white Hats and garments. The fiift monethsthey girde vnto them i
tough vef^ure with a rope, like the bare-foote Friers. This is not onely obferucd of
the meaner fort; but the mightiefi Mandarines , after ncwcs of their fathers deathj
leaue their fun(5lion,and in their priuatc houfes be waile their loffe. The wealthier fore
keepe them aboue ground two or threeyearesin a Parlour, fitted for that purpofe,
whitherthey daily refort vnto them, to falutcthcm, andtoburne Inceufcj andfe{
meats before them. Sometimes alio the ^ow^L^f, or Priefts , refort thither with their
Dirges and holy things. Their wiucs, children, and neighbours come likewife to bc«
waiiethem. The Mandarines will not vfethoie things which before they did : not
the fame apparell,houfliold-furniture,falutations. They colour part of the paper.ift
which they write, with another colour. They obferuc not their wonted proper names,
but call thcmfelues othcrwife,as Difebedtentfix fuch like. Mufickc is baniftied ; their
dyetishard. When the corpfc is to be buricd,all the kindred come together, andaf-
fcmble as many Priefts as they can.which on muficall inllruments,and with their yoy-
ceSjtunc their mourncfull Ditties. Thcplaccwhitherthccorjleis carried, is adorned
with diucrslmagcs. The Coffin is very large,thcprouiding of which they commit not
to their heire,but themfclues in their hues take order for the fame , btltowing great
care and colt for the beii wood and wotkemanfhip which they arc able to procure,
therein fpendiilg fometime feuentie,eightie,or a hundred ducats.They holde it viifor-
tunate to die before they hauc prouided the fame. They are no ielTc curious for the
place of their buriall, thinking that hereon depcndcth the fortune of their pofteritit^
and therefore fomtime I'penda whole yearc in confultation, whether it (hall be to-
ward the Northorfonic other Reg'on. Their Sepulchres arc in the fields,where they
fortine thcm,and oft-times refort thither to performe their oblcquies. To be buried
within the walls were a thing molt miferable, neuerto be forgotten. And for lome
' timeafterthey will eate no flefh, in regard of that paflage of foules before fpokeuof.
This opinion n ofmoreauthoritieand creditc with them then that of Hel or Heauen,
although (as is laid) their Bookes and Piilurcsdepaint terrible things in thatkinde.
Others »adde, that as foone as one is dead, they wafh him , and clothing him in his
aMjjjisii. ^^Q^ apparelljall perfumed,fet him in his belt chaire, and there all his neereli kindred
China Efuhn- kneeling bcforchim, take their leaue with teares. They Coffin him (as before) and
U.CA J*. place him in a roome richly furnifhcd,and couer him w ith a fheet, in which they paint

his portraiture. Atablefiandethby tullofViands,withCandlesonit. Thus doc they
keepe him fifccene daycs , euery night the Priefts excciirng their fupcrlHtious exe-
nuies,burning and fhaking certainc papers before them. By the Sepulchre they plant
a Pine tree, which is facred,and may not be cut downe,nor conuerted to any vie, if the
weather ouerthrow it. Their funerall pompe is m manner of ProcelTion, with Candles
carried in their hands. Theyburnc vponthcgrauc many papers, painted with men,
cat'ell.and prouifion for his vfe in the next world.

The times religious are the new Moones, and full Mooncs(asyec haue heard) in
which they make great banquets, and then alfo they mutter their Souldiers, vvhoa-

ionc



. C H A P.I9. ASIA. The fourth 'Bookel



447



lone may wcarc weapons in China. They folemnize^alfochcir birth.daycs, where*
• unto their kindred doe reibrt of cuftomc with prefents,and receiue good chcare. The
Kinos birth-day is a great fcfliuall. But « New-yearcs day,which is the firft day ofthc
ncwMoone inFebruaric is their principall feaft,and then they lend New-yearcs gifts
to each other.

Their order for thepooremay bcapatterne vnto Chrifiians ; they fuffer none to
begge, nor to be idle. If any be blinde, yet he is let to fome worke , as grinding in a
QucrnCjOr fuch Hke ; of which fort [ikzr^ Boterm account) there are foure tboul'and
blinde perfons that grinde ftill in Canton alone, If they be innpotent,thatthey cannot
worke, their friends (ifthey be able) multprouidefor them; if not , they are kept in
HofpitalSjOUt of which they neuerpafle, andhaue all neceflaries prouided them by
Oflficcrs appointed m euery Citic to this bufineffe. Common women ar.E confined to
certaine places, and may not goe abroad, nor dwell in the Citie, for infeding others,
andare accountable to a certaine Officer of their euill earnings, which when dieyare
olde,isbeitov/cd ontheirmaintcnancc. Theirdwelling is in the Suburbes of Cities.

The LawcofNations is little refpeded in China. Embaffadours are in manner im-
prifoned for the time oftheir abode , their affaires being intreated of by the Manda-
rines ; who thinke no Nation worthy to deale with tiaeir King, in any equall termes of
Embaflage, ^Petreins the PortugallEmbafladour was imprifoncd at Canton, and
there died. Prouder people are not vnder hcauen then they. Longnailesis an hono-
rable figne, asofhandesnotimploycd to bafe and manuall labours. Theychinkeno
bookesfo learned as their ownc, which their auncient men take painesto conncby
heart.as boyes in Schooles,and their Profcffors do reade with fubtile and curious ex-
ceptions, diltindions, and obferuations onthcTcxt. They thought tl>c Popedome
muff necdes befall the lefuites at their returnc into Europc,for the learning which they
had gotten in reading thefe Chinian Authors.

In their Temples they haue a great Altar.after the Dutch fafliion, that one may go
round about it. There let they vp the Image of a certaine f Loutea. At the right hand
ftandeth the Diuell (their 'L'«o««)more vgly then amongftvshee is painted s : whom
they worfliip with great reuerence that come thither to aske counfell , ordrawlots.
Befides thefe Temples, which they call Af^dw, they haue another fort, wherein both
vpon the Altars and walles ftand many Idols well proportioned, but bare-headed.
Thefe bcarcthe name of 0>»/ri*/o« ; accounted of them fpirits , but luch as in heauen
doneithergoodnoreuill, thought to be fuchmen and women as haue chaftelyliued
in this world, in abftinence from fifh and flefh, fedonely with Rice and Sallads. Of
that Diuell they make fome account : of thefe fpirits little or nothing at all. They hold
opinion, that it a man doc well in this life, the Heauens will giue him many Temporal!
bleflings : but if he doe euill, then fhall he haue infirmities, difeafes, troubles, and pe-
nurie.and all this without any knowledge ot God. They imagine alfo, that they which
liuehcrewcll,prefently after death {hall become Diuels, ifotherwife, that then this
Diuell doth tranfanimate his foulc- (as is faid)into a Dogge or other beaft. And there-
fore doe they facrificcynto him, praying that he will make them like vntnhimfelfe.
•> When a man lyeth on his death -bed, they fet before him the pidure of the Diuell,
with the Sunne in his right hand, and a poniard in his left, and defire the patient to
looke well on him, that he may be his friend in the future world. They liked the Chri-
flianmannerofpraying,anddefired vs(faithT<?f*/'rfj to write them fomewhat con-
cerning Heauen, \\hich we did to their contentation. They are great Sodomites, al-
though they haue many Wiues and Concubines, which they buy oftheir parents.or in
the MarketSjin like manner as the Turkes. They arc not by Law prefcnbed to ob-
ferue this or that Sed : and therfore they haue many feds, fome worfhipp ing the Sun,
fome the Moone,fome nothing : and all,what themielues bcftlike.as is ia part before
flicwed. They take theiroathes (as here by kiffing a booke) with thrice drinking of a
certaine liquor.

■Antony Dalmeidet^ (Mh,T\\^t in faying Maffe, they were fo thronged with the
pcople,thatthey were almofttroden vnder foot. And of a Chinian Prielt (contrarie
tothez.e3leelfewhereinanyRcligion)they wereinuited to dinner, and fcaftedto-

Q^ 3 gfther



. c Difcoiirfeof
China.



A G.B.B. blind
pcrfonsinihi;
Citieoi Can-
ton, fet te
gi mde R.icc.



e far. lib. II.



f Gtl Perera.
€onfnfiwi.
g For he hath
three Crowns
on his head, &
longharnes,
clawcsonhis
h.-.nds & fcete,
a dreadfull
countenance
and face vpoix
his bellie,and
is fet m a dark
corner /4 (■;/'.
M49i-The_
Komane l^e'i/i-
ita alfo wa< pi-
(ftured with
homes Kofil.
.4ittiq.Rom.l.z.
h Ltn[(.\jot,c.2.i



i A.Valmeida.

IS Si?.



44S



Of the ^llgion lajed in China . C h a p . i c?.



tc Panto!.



1 LaNout)i('
couile.



m Llnfcbit.c.i^



n !MigintU&
Ortelhii,



gethcr with many other ot their Priefts that vfed them kindly, Amongfi them he ob-
ferucdjthat the Dlucli had taught them in many things to imitate the lacrcd ccrcmo-
.nies f\i is the lel'uits phrale) of the Cathohkc Church. At Ciquion alio ( a Citie like to
Venice) they prouidcd themfclucs of a houfe, on both fides whereof dwelt ihcfe B<i>u.
ai'.or Chinian Prices, who vfed them gently, and daily reforted to them to hearc theic
do(ilrine;anafoineofthcmdefircd Baptilmcrfo little is this Religion priled ofher
forwardeftSchollcrSjandit fcemeth ,that many of them obferue their Rites rathcc
of curtome then deuotion. This 1 note by the way, left thefe reports fhould feeme to
contradid themlelucs, reUtingthe deuotion, and manitold fupcr{Htions,and yetl'u-
pine negligence.Atheifme and Polytheifmc.profcfTed and pradlifcd in thefc large con-
fines according to each mans choylc. And as i' that Religion, which of the one fort !s
pradifed,is againltthc light ofreafon, that a man (as 7Vri«///rf» faith) fliould bemer^
cifull or crucll (as thefe Chinois arc)vnto their Gods ; fo the othcr(aiid efpecially they
which arc moft learned) ncyther hope nor feare any thing after death, and afcribe
this vnto their happineflc that they are not touched widi futh (as they fuppofe ihcm)-
fupcrflitious fancies. Yet euen they which afcribe no Diuinitie to their idols.oblenic
their Countrcy-cuftomes of facrificcs and offering vnto them. Their Temples are not
fofumptuousasfomcrepottjbutmcanc, and meanely kept. Thcyconlult, notonely
with their Gods ( as you haue heard) but with their Wifardsand Fortune-tellers;
whereof they hauc greatftorc. They are exceedingly addicted to two vaiiiefiudies;
ofAlchimy.whereinifthey haue not logoodfuccefleas hetnthclVtity which ( as 'Z-ii
A^^« faith) turncth fo little Zf<«<i in his iS«///into fo mMsihGolde, yet they vfeasreligi-
ous and coftly diligence: (for befides much filuer loft, toiinde filuer, many of them
feeke to better their fortune in this attempt, with many yearesfafiings! ) the otheris



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 89 of 181)