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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

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Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 90 of 181)
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toprolong theirlifc, for which they deuifc a thoufandArtcs and Compofitions. Of
both thefe ftudies they haue diucrs books and ProfcfTois.There be which fable them-
fellies to be very oldc, vnto whom is great rccourfe of Plfciples, as to fome heauc nly
Prophets, to learnelefTons of long liuing". They fuppofed the Tcfuite? (uhomthty
tookc to be of great learning) did not trucly tell them their age, but ful)ic6l£d,that
they had already liued fome ages, andkncwthemeanesof iiuingeuer, and for that
caufe abftaincd from marrisge.

The Spaniards of the Philippina's being feaftcd by the Viccroy,two Captaines, ap-
pointed Stewards, or Feaft-mafters, before they fate do wnc, did take each of thciria
cup fdl of liquor in his hand, and went together, whereas they might difcoucr the
Heauen,and offered the fame to the Sunnc, adding many prayers, that the comniitigof
their guefls might be for good,and then did fill out the wine, making a great curttiie.
And then proceeded they to their feaft. The Chinois'" in the eclipfeofthcSunneond
Moone.arcafraid that the Prince of heaucn will defiroy them, and pacific him with
many facrificcs and prayers ; they holde the Sunne and Moone man and wife,

Lndomciu Gfer^/w in his MappeofChina, " defcribcth a huge Lake inthePro-
uinccofSancij, made by inundation, in the ycare of our Lord 1597. wherein wCre
fwallowcd feucn Cities, bcfidcsTownes and Villages, and innumerable multitudes of
people.-oneonely ch'ldein ahoHowtrec cfcaping fo great a dcflrudion. Such as c.
fcaped drowningiwere^as Botents addeth,dertroyed witii fire from Heauen. G^ffcrde
Cr>#^ recitsth a letter of the Mandarines to the King if 5(5. contayning newcs of a
terrible earth-quake in the Prouinccs of Sanxi and Santon; wherein the day waxed
darkc. The earth opened the yeare before in many places, vndcr which was heard
the noyfc,as it were, of bells : there followed winde and rainc. The winde, which they
call T«/w» is fo violent,that k driueth fliif s on the land, ouei throweth men & houfes :
itcommethalmofteucry ycare once, laftethfoure and tvventiehourcs, in which Ipacc
it compafleth the compaflc. In Vinyanfu the earth-quake caufed a fire to breake out,
which confumed all the Citie.and innumerable people. The like happened to another
Citieneare it, where none efcaped. It cauled theRiuerat Leucliimen toencrcafcand
drovvne multitudes. Ac Hien the fall of the houfcs Hew eight thoafand. In Puchio
the houfe of the Kings kinfemcn fell, and flew all therein but achilde. Cochu with
fire from aboue, and waters from bcncath_,was left dclolate. At Enchinoen almoft an

himdrcd



Chap. 1 9. ASIA* Thefdurth'Booke. 44p

■ I I ■ ..... : ■ • — . ..■,. -^.-n

hundred thoufandpcrifhed. At Inchumen the Rtuer ebbed and flowed ten times in a

dayandnioht. This perhaps was the fame with that which Ci'ffrf /wand ^^ffr/^jnen-

tion. Frorn this workc of Diuine luflice I might pafl'eto thofe admirable workes of

Humane indultry amongft them : Of ° which fort are (bcfides that wall continued by ** Pantigid^

the ioynt agreement of Art and Nature fomc hundrcths of leagues; their Printing)

their Artillery farre fhort of that cxccllcncie of ours.or rather more excellent, ax more

fauourable ; their fouldiers peeccs not hauing barrclls abouc a fpannc long, and their

great Artillery of little vfc : their porcellane and fine earthen diflies; their failing wag-

Pons,and other things, nlay not be further defcribed for feare ofprolixitie: all which

arc fo'much the more to be admired, bccaufc they are their owncinucntions, and not

borrowed. The opinion of 5r<?%^)-p touching the ftceping of that their porcellinc, p ScalMxn.ni

and burying it in the esrth, is gain-faid by later Writers, q who affirme, that the earth, q Lwfchit.ci^.

vvhcrcot thdc dillics are made, is naturally hard, beaten fmall,flceped, and often Hir-

rcd,andofthe Pncft, fvvimmmg in thetoppc, is thefneft veflell framed.

This Countrcy hath few in it ofotherReligions.The Tartars conquered it.andpofl

felTcd the fame about two hundred ycarcs,and were ex[)elied ar laft by a Bofiz,t,vjhoCe

pofleritie ftill enioy the Sccptcr.There are ftill about Paquin and many oihcrplaces of

the Kin^dome/omcTarcars which haue their ^o/fAffw,andobfcruc//^^«wf^They

differ in countenance from the Chinois. I^erera faith he'e favv at Fuquiencertaine

Moorcs, whocould fay little of theirReligion.but, M.ihometviis a Moore,my father

was a Moore, and I am a Moore,vvith fomc other words of their Alcoran,wherewith-

all, in abftinence from fwines flefi-i they liuc, (faith he) vntill the Diuell take them all.

Hereaioned with them, becaufe he had in many Chiniffi Cities feenethc reliques of

CMdhomet kept; and they aufwered, That they came in great fhips,fraught with jMcr-

chandizefromPaquin-ward. to a Pore appointed to them by the King, where tbey

ConuertedtotheitReligionthcchiefcy!/4Wrfr«« or Loytia; whereupon the people

bean to turne Mahuructane. They now vsaxing bolder, prohibited the eating of

fvvmcs flcfh, the peoples chicfe food : who hereby prouoked, complained of a confpi-

Hcic betwixt thefe Moores and the Lojtia^ againfl their King. Hereupon he and the

chiefc of them were executed, and the reft difperfcd into certainc Cities, where they

rcmainedflaues to the King.

(Jiiathxits pectus learned of certaine Mogore-ftrangcrs, that in the Xenfian Pro-
uince,the North part of China.in a place called Xucheo,tliere arc white men with long
beards, which vfe Bells, and worfhip I fa, that is, I e s v s and Mane, and honor the
Crucifix. Their Priefts were married, and cured difeafes without mcdicincj. The for-
merpartof this reportagreethiuftly with that of Ca)'«<j//>«, before mentioned in the
eighth Chapter, touching Cathay, which Geographers place next hereunto.

The lefuitshaue three or foure places of refidence; Baithe L/ilf oarers are ferv, and
their harne^ nothing fo plcntifull as in other places, which they impute to the hard-
iicfle oflearning the Chinian language,and cfpecially their writing in fo many Chara-
fters not diftributed into any Alphabetical! order : to be cxa6l in which, is required a
good part of a mans age : their inhofpitall Lawes to prohibitc ftrangers entrance into
their Countrcy, and lufpitionofthcm wl>enthey areentred; their Epicurean opini-
ons and liues; their addiding themfelues to ancient cuftomes; the conceit of their
ownelcarning; theirpride,crueltic,extortion,polygamie, and fuch like. Themfelues
can in theirEpiftles and TracSlats ' acquaint you with their Roman Conquefts in ihefc r VietJulaT'
parts, and hecrc and elfewhcrc l*rric, one of their focietic, is aiv Arch-Trumpetcx, to w- ''^.4.
found their exploits : I cannot fay, alwayes without iarring,

"Beterus afcribeth vnto China fcucntic millions of people, whereas he alloweth to
Italy fcarfe nine, and to Spaine lefie, to England three, to all Germany.with thcSwit- /<r

zers,and Low- Countries, but hftecne, and as many to all France. Lamentable it is,
that the Diuellfliouldhaue fo great a tribute in this one Kingdomc. Gonfdes (in his i.Cm.dtmn'
Difcourfeof China,tran{lated by Varke ) reckoneth almoft fcucn millions offouldiers do\i,
in continual! pay. D^lr/teidA numbreth feuentic millions,and two hundred and fiftic
thouland Inhabitants, befides fouldiers, and reckoning but the principal! in each Fa-
niilie,of£entimcs not aboue three of ten, as their bookestcfiifie. ' ,

In



45o



Of the ^ligion "^fed in China.



CHAP,i9



ittteritaMat.
Kic,



t Hiftorieof

China.

u lofephSealig.

Caaon,Jltigo^ic.



% Scd.Em.T,
lib.u



In the later ^ Epiftlesfrotn China, dated \6o6 and 1607. little is there to further
this Hiftorie. As for their tales of Miracles in thofc and the laponian Epiftles (bearing
the fame date) wherein IgnAtius Leyslaes pifturc is made a miracle-worker j I hold
them not worth relation. AtNanquinwasa confpiracie of three thoufand people, to
make a new King, but they were executed and quartered for their treafon. The Chi-
nois beleeuc(as is there reported)that there is a ccrtaine Ijairit which hath power of the
life and death of children that are ficke of the meafells, and therefore when their chil-
dren arc ficke thereof, they hang a glafTc before the doore of the Chamber where hce
lieth, that the fpirit comming to deftroy thcchildc, feeing his Image in that Glafle,
fliould not dare to approch nearer. Their Baptifmc cured the difeafe: a new rcmcdic
for meafells ; a new vertue of Baptifmc.

I thought it not impertinent hecre to addc the Catalogue of the Kings of this coun-
trey,according ' to their owne Storics,which although it be in part fabulous, (as what
ancient prophane Storie is not ? ) yet, becaufe I haue done thus in other Nations, and
haue fo worthica patterne in this, as the Worthie of our Age " hfephta Sealiger, par-
don me to trouble thee with this Chronicle of their Kings.

The firft was Vitey,i Giant-like man, a great Aflrologer and Inuentcr of Sciences ;
he raigned an hundred yeares. They name after him an hundred and fixteene Kings
(whole names our Author omitteth) all which raigned two thoufand two hundred fifj-
tie and feuen yeares : all thefe were of his linage : and fo was Tx.mz.on the maker of
that huge wall of China which killed many of the Chinois, of whom he tooke euery
third man to this worke. For which caufc they flew him when he had reigned fortic
yeares, with his fonne AgMtz.i. They ordained King in his ftead Auchofan, who raig-
ned twclueycares ; his fonne Tutey fucccedcd and raigned feuen yeares ; his wife cigh-
tecne ; his fonne, three and twcntic : then followed ^»«/^,foure and fiftie ; gmtey the
fccondjthirtcenc : O chantey, fiue and twentic: C'"^*'*^), thirteenc : Tz.entz.ey, Hx and
twcntic and foure moncths : Anthey, fix : Pintatey, fiue : Tx.intz.umey, three and leuen
moncths iHny Hannen, fix: Cuoum, two andthirtic: "Bemthey, eighteene: Vnthej^
thirteenc : Othey, fcuenteenc : Tanthey, eight months : Antey, ninetecnc yeares : Tan.
tey, three months : Chitey, one yearc : Ltnthey, two and twcntic yeares : Tanthey, one
and thirtic yeares : Laupy,onc and fortieyeares : Cftytheyfiuc and twentie yeares :Fen-
/^.feucntccnc yeares. Fiftccnc other Kings raigned, in all, one hundred feucntic and
fix yeares. Thelaft of which viis^teHtey,vihom 7^e^» depofed, who with feuen of
his linage raigned threefcore and two yeares : Cotey, foure and twentie yeares : Dian,
fix and fiftie yeares : Tym,onc and thirtic yeares : Tz,iiyn,{eucn and thirtie yeares:T««-
C9 with his hnagc'( which were one and twentie) raigned two hundred ninctie and
foure yeares : Battfa a Nunne, wife of the laft of them (whom fhe flew) one and fortic
yeares : 7<i«fJ^e» flew her, and raigned with his pofteritic (which were feuen Kings)
one hundred and thirtie yeares : "Dtan, cighteeneyearcs : Omen, fiftccnc yeares : Out-
x.i»,nine yeares and three months ; Tozon, foure yeares : Auchtn, ten yeares : Zayt'

z.on, and feuenteene of his race, three hundred and twentic yeares rT^y^iw^, the laft

was difpoflcffed by Vz.en the Tartar, vnder whom, and eight of his Tartarian

fucceflburs, China endured fubieftion ninetie and three yeares : Gembu

expelled Tz.wtz.oum, the laft of them. Hce with thirteenc fucccf-

fors haue raigned about two hundred and fortic yeares.

Their Computation ^ of times is more prodigious

then that of the Chaldians , after which

this prefentyeare of our Lord 1614.

is in their account from the

Creation 884793.



OF



45»




OF THE EAST-INDIES,

AND OF THE SEAS AND

Ilands Abovt As.ia, Wit h

THEIR RELIGlO^fiS., ''



/. f "li,



The Fifth B S b k e.



•;L



I



, CHAP. I.

of IndtA in GeneraS, and of the i^m'ient Rites
there obferued.




H E name odndia, is now applied to all farrc-diftane
Countries, not in the cxtreeme limits of Afia alone;
but euen to whole America, through the errour of
Columbtu andhisfellowes; who at their firftarriuall
in the Weft( me world , thought that they had met
with Ofhir,i\-\^ the Indian Regions oftheEaft. Buc
the Ancients alfo comprehended vnder this naniea
huge Trad of Land, no Icfle in the iudgcmentof
i^kxanders followers , in his Eafternc Inuahons,
then the third psrt of the Earth ; Ctefioi accounted
itonchalfcofAfia. Yea a great part of Africa alfo
is comprehended vndcr that name. So Turnebm ^ in
\\\% AiHer^.iriin, not onely findcth the Baitrians and Parthians called by that name in
L'jy^i/; but Tkebes'va the higher Egypt and AmmensTempls'm HtginWjZnd ty£ihio-
piaalfo,as in our difcourfe l' thereof will further appearc. But taking India more pro-
perly, Dionyfm c bounds itbetweeneCaucafus, and the Rcd-fea,Indus andGanges;-
0«/<i like wife in thatverfe.

Decolor extremo qua cingitur India Gavge.
But Ptolemej ^ and otherGcographcrs,didvfually diuidelndiabytheRiuerGanges,
into two parts, one on this fide Ganges, and the other beyond. Although heere wee
finde no leffe difficulticconccrningGanges, which the moft, with my felfe, account
the fame with Guenga.that faileth into the Gulfc ofBeng3la,which they alfo imagine
to be that, which of the Ancients is called Sinm Gangeticfu : Others <= eftecme theRi-
uer Cantan (whereon CantanchicfeCitieofone of the Chinian Prouinces, whereof
we haue fo lately taken our leaue) to be that Ganges : of which mmde are iji-iercator,
Magintii,gotartitu /4«t«/, and their diiciples. M.Paultts f diuideth India into three
parts, the Leffe, the Greater, which he callcth MaUleAr j and Abafsia, betwixt them

both.



a Tuf.Ml.zu
cap. 9.
Higin.Fab lyi.

b rid.l.7.c.^.
c p'un.Afer,



d Ptol.lib.7.



c Mercat. Ub.

vrtiiierf. Hugin,

Ceog.

G. Arthm bi^.

Ind 0'.

i M.l'UHUii

lib.i.



452' Of India in general! ^^c. C h a p . i.



g ^ig.Cem. both. D»m. Niger g rcckoncth the fame number ; the firft, from the Riuer Itidm

■^f- X. (whence this name India '' flowed) vnco Barifu^which he calleth faifArat : the fccond

hstephxf^tnt. or middle, from thence to C<»^fm, Miniher; from thence Eafiward to Ganges, hee

IfS'ot wTtt- ^ namethMaabar,andall thefe on this fide Ganges: beyond it placing Magin,orMan-

f/of, (t^ 8 ir/ix gi_ Ptelcmej maketb the Siti£, to be ncxtbeyond India extra gangem^ on which hee

• abutteth them on the Weft : and therefore if Si»£ be China, then arc they by him pla.

ced quite beyond India : and therefore yJ/^rM/cr and Magtnut cficcme Cathay to be

the Region of the 5'/«<e.

It is our part to leaue this matter to the difcuflirig and deciding of others.and to hold
On our perambulation through this wide and Jpacious Region; firfl relating the gene*
raiitics and antiquities thereof: and next proceeding from China (where we left) vnto
the next adioyningNations, certainly reputed Indian, how vncertaine foeuer Ganges
runncth,whethcr on this fidc,or beyond them : to which when we haue added our fur-
uey of the Hands adioyning to the Continent of Afia,we may end this Booke,3nd our
promifed AfianDifcouerie. Vndcrihcnameof /»^'<s, hi-ere we comprehend all that
TraiS betwcenc Indus and the Pcrfian Empire on the WcIt,vnto China Haft ward,as ic
ucndeth betwixt the Tartarian and the Indian Seas.

Semiramu firft inuaded India,as Jijnns her husband had done before to Badria,but

not with like fuccefle. For although fbc had thought to haue cncountredthclndiati

Elephants with her counterfeits madeof Oxe-hides, fewcd together in that fliapc, and

fluffed with Hay : for which vfc fhe caufed three hundred ihoufand beafts to be flainc

vvhichmightbothferueinthebattellforfhew,andbtfore-handto cxcrcife her horfc

l^itiotSit. to fuch fights ; and, if we beleeue ' Antiquitie,muftered in her huge armie no Icflc then

t.KCttlt' ^'^"^^^ millions of foot-men, and fiue hundred thoufend horfe: Yet Stanrtbates, at that

^ ' time the Indian Monarch, brake her Forces, and chafed her out of the field. But I can

yeeldfinall credit to this report.

Megi^Hhcnes rcckoneth an hundred and two and twentie Indian Nations : tArri6'
tins wonders how he could make any certaine account in a thing fo hard to bcknown.
This Arrtanus\x\ his eighth booke makes a large defcription of this Indian world,
\Um,Cihii In thefe firft times the Indians "^ arc faid to hue like the Scythians, without houfes;
S.hodigMly,iS. Cities, Temples, in a wandering courfc with their Tents, liuingon the barke of the
Mp-Ji. tree Ti«/4, and wildeVenifon, the skinnes whereof were their garments. Inall India

were no feruants, but all free-men. Thefe things were altered by Bacchpu or1> tony fins;
whomadeanEXpeditionhither, not fo much with Amies, as with Arts. Hee taughc
them thevfeof Wine,Oylc, and Sacrificing ;in mcmoric whereof, Pv/ftcritie hono-
red him for a god. Of this the Poets, and Hiftoiics of eyi/e.xarJer, and others make
much mention. So doth S ntdas tc\l of onz i?r<jc/j»j<z«, thatprefcribcd the Rites and
Lawes of the Brachmar.es : ScIium, of Hyd^Jpes- and others, of G*j»^<r/, Hercules, <^ni
IVM.ieOri- the reft, with much vncertaintic.Poi?if//«< I ftrangely conccitcthhimfelfc,thate^^r.^-
^^ . Mp.ij. ^;t»»jpoftcritie by Keturah fcatcd themfctuesin India, and were there knownc by the
name of I ewes, before the Icwes in Paleflina : that they obferucd Circumcificn, and
difperfed it into Syria, Egypt. Armenia, Colchis, Iberia, Paphlagonia, Chaldca, and
India, before .^o/i-/ led the Ifraelites out of Egypt : and that the Brachmanes werefo'
called, qaa^ Ahrahmanes, as following rhe inftruftions of iAbrabam. n/fbrabam we
bckcuc, the Father of the fatthfull, but cannot father on him fuch vnfaithfuU and dege-
nerate generations, notwithftanding fome rare vertues; no more then with the fame
ToFiellm we acknowledge theTurkcs the pofteritic of the ten Tribes, earned by Sal-
»»rf«<«/^/' into captiuitie, and tbcTart«rs (which word fignificth a remnant) to be the'
remainder of chofc Turkes, which fome Centuries of yearcs after followed thofc their
Turkifti country-men into the like and greater conquefts. But following Cabalillicalt
coniC(i>ures, and counterfeit writings of Beroffu,t\\e SjbilU, Henoch, ISloah, tAhra-
hiim: no maruellifhe obtrude vpon credulitie fuch drcamcs, as that IndtafhoMld bee
fo called, or //««J/4, as being Iiidatt orienulu, and that their wifc-men were called
Chaianm, as obferuing Clmlon or the If indaiy of thehcaucns, therein reading 1 know
not what myfierics : fo faith he Abimelech faw Ifaal{ playing with his wife bj the n>in.
^<'»',thatis,by Aftronomic. OfCalanus, whofc name caufeth this conie(ilure,you fhall

hearc



C H A p J. ASIA. Thefift ^00 ke: 455



hcare anon. But that which he fpcakcth of the name lerves and Abrahmenes in India,

may perhaps avife from a tcftimonie cited out of ^«'^/!/?/jirw^ his Jndica, by Clemens

m ^lexitndriHMy'^hit all things obferaed by NAtttraH Philefofhers in Greece had l>eef3e m CkmSlro*

handled before, fartly by the Brachmanes amongH the Indians, firtly ofthefe rvhich in Sy- '"*'• ''*•'•

ria are cdlledltwes : in which tcftimonie hcioyncth Icwes and Brachmanes in profcl-

fion ofthe fame learned Science of Natural! Philofophic. Otho Hemmm " affirmeth n Hciir.lndicui

alfothat the gifts which tjiiefes teflifieththat v4/'>'<r^,t«zgauchisfonnes by Ketura, "'H-'^*

were (befidcs gold and the like) Arts and hidden Sciences,as Aftrologie and Natural!

Magickc.

Thefirftcertainenoticeofthofe parts was by Alexanders inuafion and conqueft,
(whoyctpierccdbutafmallway in this vaft part of the world) except that little wee
hauc of the Perfians exploits in thefc parts. The ° Romans were hindered by the Per- o Strab.lib,\'..
lians and Parthians, from pafllng hither with their armies, although their Ambaffages S,AurcLi^ilior.
be reported, both to jiKguHiu, and long after to Antonitu Pins,

Apuleitu P maketh the Biachmans firrt founders of the Pythagorean learning : and P ^M- Flerid.
reportcth further that at dinner-time the Table was made readie. and the youths from ''^•^*
diuers places and feruices rcforted thither : at which time the Matters queftioncd with
them what good they had done that day : one anfwercth he had beene a peace-maker
to reduce fuch and fuch which were at oddes, to amitic : another had done this or that
for his parents: another had ftudicd or meditated on fuch apoint. Oncc,hecwhich
could not giue good account of his mornings worke, might not be admitted to re-
ceiuc any dinner-wagcs. ^

Strabe in his fifteenth booke is large in this Indian fubieft He reportcth out of A~
r/J?(»W«/, that the Riiier Indus, byforccofan Earthquakc,changedhis chanell;there-
by a great part of the neighbour Region being turned into a dcfcrt. For in this, Indus
is like vnto Nilus. in that, without it, the Countrey would be a wildernefle, and there-
fore is alfo worfhipped of the Inhabitants.lt rccciueth fiftcene other Riuers into it. He
mcntioneth the Cathei not farre from thence,which after happily gauc name vnto Ca-
thay. To let paffe the ftrangc Creatures,which fome afcribc to thefe parts,as Dragons
of incredible bignefle.thofe great Apc», which by imitation ofmen in aray, made A'
iexattdert Campc to arme thcmfclues againft fo ridiculous an cncmie.

The Indians are of feuen forts: 1 The fitftincflimation, and fewefl in number, ^ ^I'l-li^-C.
were their Philofophers. Thefc kept publikc Ads once a ycarc before the King, and 'j^'ll'a
he which in his obferuations was found three times falfe, was condemned to perpetu- ' *

allfilencc. The fecond fort were husband-men, which paid the King (the only owner
of all the land) a fourth part of the encreafe. The third was of fhepheards and huntf-
inen, which wandered in Tents. The fourth Artificers. ThcfitthSouldiers. The fixth
JMagiftratcs. The feucnth Courtiers, and thole of his PriuicCounfell, If any woman
killeth the King in his drunkennefle, {hec is rewarded with the marriage of his fonnc
and heire.

If any depriue another of a member, befides like for like, he lofeth his hand ; and,
if it be an Artiiicer,his life.They ftrangle their Sacrifice,that it may be (0 offered whole
to their Idols.

Of their Philofophers, or men learned and religious, the ' Brachmanes ohtainethe ^ Bfchmaaei.
firft place,as being neerelt in k£t to the Greekes. Thefe arc after their manner Naz,a- ^''''^•S"'^''- ^^t
r/rw from the wombe. So foone as their mother is concciucd of them, there are Icar- tim'^Xc
ncd men appointed which come to the mother,with fongs containing precepts of cha-
flitie. As they grow in yeares they change their mafters. They haue their places of ex-
crcifeinagroue nigh to the City.where they arc bufied in graue conferences.They eat
no liuing creatures, nor haue vie of womeiij Hue frugaliy,and lie vpon skinnes. They
will inftruft fuch as will heare them, but their hearers mutt neither fncefe, Bor foitjnor
fpeakc. When they hauc in this ftriiftcourfefpent feuen and thirtie ysarcs, they may
liuemoreat pleafurc and libertic,indiet,habit, proper habitation, and the vfc of gold,
and marriage. They conccale their myfleries from their wiues,Ieft they fliould blabbe
them abroad . They efteeme this life as mans conception, but his death-day to be his
birth«day vnto that true and happy life, to him which hath beene rightly religious.

They



454 Ofhdiain^enerall/drc. Chap.i,



They hold the World to be created, corruptible, rouri'l, ruled by the hi^h God. Wa.
tcr they imaguic to hauc bccnc the beginning of making the World ; and that bcHdes
the fourc Elements, there is afifch Nature, whereof the Hcaucnand Starrcs conlifr.
They intreate of the immortnlitie of the Soule, and of the torments in Hell, and many
fuch like matters,
k The Indian The I' C7(rr»«»?>?«,anotherOrder ofreligiousorlearrtedmcr!, arc honored amoncft
Germttitt. themrefpccially fuch of them as liucin the woods, and of the woods, both for their
(jiet of thofe wildc fruits, and their habit of the barkcs of trees, not acquainted with
Bacchus or ZJc^'m zny more then with C"^'^- They fpcake not to the Kinosjwbcn they
2skc counfell of thcni,bat by mefiengers ; and doe pacific the angric gods,3s is ibppo-
fed, by their holincflc.

Next ia honor to thefc, are ccrtaine Afendictxtf, which liuc of Rice and Barley
which any man at the firrt asking gii)cth them, together with entertainment into their
houfcs. Thcfe profeflTc skill in Phy flcke.and to rcmedic difeafcs,wounds,and Rcrility ;
veryconltantin labour and hardfhip. Othersthercarc^InchantcrsandDiuiner« Ma-
flcrs of ceremonies about the dead ; which wander thorow To wncs and Cities. Son e
there are more ciuil! and fccular, in their life profefli'^g like pictie and holincflc. Wo-
men al.'o are admitted vnto the fellowniip of their (ludies in this Philofo' hie, not td



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 90 of 181)