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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 91 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 91 of 181)
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their beds. An^obuhu writeth, that he law two of thefe Urachm.itte.'^ the one an old
man fliaucn,theotheryong with long haire.whichfometimesreforted to the Markets
place, andwerehonored asCounfeliors, and freely tooke what they pleafcd, of any
# thingtiicreto be fold, for their furtenance. They were anno ntcd with Scfamineoyle^
i\herewith, and with hony, they tempered their bread. 1"hcy were admitted to Alex.
1 Praftifeof flw^frj table, where they gauelcflons of patience ': and after going to aplaccnotfar
prefcribcd pa- off, the old man lying downc with his face vpward, fuftaincd^he Sunne and fl-.owcrs
ticiice. terrible violence. The yongcr ftanding on one foot, held in both his hands a pccce of

\vood of three cubits lifted vp, and fliifted feete, as the other was wearic : and lb they
continued eucry day. The yong man returned home afterward, but the old man fol-
lowed the King, with whom he changed his habit and life, for which, when as he was
by fomereproucd, he aufwcrcd that he had fulfilled the fortie ytares excrcife, which
he had vowed. Oneficntut faith.that Alexa/idn, hearing of fomc religious Obferuantsj
m f he like which went naked, and exercifcd themfelucs to much hard/liip, and would f^" not come
ftubbornncfre to others, but would bid men, if they would haue any thing with them, to come to
IS yet in their them; fent him vnto them, who found fiftccne of them twentie furlongs from the Ci-
jegnes, tie, each ofthemobfcruing his ownc gcfture of fitting, flandnig, crlyingnaked, and

not ftirringtill Sun-fctting, in thatvnfupportablc heate, at which time thcv returned
into the Citic. CaUnns was one of them. He afterward followed Alexdndti mio Per-
fia, where beginning to be lickc, he caufcd a great pile or frame of wood to be made,
wherein he placed himfelfc in a golden chaire,and caufed fire to be put to,in which be
wasvoluntarilyconfumcd,tel!ing(ifthcytcll true) that he would meet Alexander at
n MtM. Vat. Babylon, the p'accfatall to ^/ir.v<j>»i^»r^ death. iAiliantu ^ faith, that this was done
hM.s.CKp.e. jn a fuburb of Babylon, and that the fire was of Cedar, Cyprcfic, M irtle., Laurell, and
other fvvcct woods :and after he had performed his daily excrcife of running, he pla-
ced himfelfc in the middcfl, crowned with the Icaues of reedes , the Sunne finning on
him, which he worfhipped. Thisadoration wasthefignc whichhe eaue to the Ma-
cedonians to kindle the fire, in which he abode without any ftirring till he was dead ;
a^/cAvW^r himfelfc admiring, and preferring this v-i6lory of Ci?/<««<-« before all his
owne. This CiImu-s told Oiej>crituJo( a golden world, where mcale was as | lenti-
full as duf},and fountaincs flreamed milkc, hony, wine and oyle.Which Countreyjby
men turned into vvantonncfre,/.'/;>iffr altered and dctaincdjimpofing a life of hardntfte
and labour, which while men followed, they enioycd abundance ; but now that men
begin to furfct and grow difobedient, there is danger of vniuerfall dcfirudion.When
hehad thus fpokcn, he bade him, if he would heare further, ff rip himfelfc, and iycna-
6 ^ir. callcth kcd vpon thcfe Jioncs. Y>nt AiandaKts, " anotherof ihem, rcproucd C.«/j»;« for his
him VmAuiiu. harflinis, and, commending Alexander (oin\s louc to learning, faid that they inured
lii>,7, their bodies tolabourforthcconfirmationof thcirmiiidsagainfipalGo.js.FcrHis na-

kcdnes



Chap.i. ASIA. Thefifi^coke, 455



kcdncs he allcdgcd, that that was the bctt houfe which needed Icaft furniture of houl'-
hold.Hc added that they fearched the fecrets of Naturc,and that returning into the cr~
tv.tf they met with any carrying figs or grapcs,thcy rcceiucd of him_jr>»/^;iroyIe,they
p'owred it on them;andall mens houfes and goods were open to thcm.euen to the par-
lors of their wiues.When they were cntred.thcy imparted the vvifdome oftheir fenten-
ccs as the other communicated his meats. If they feared any difeafc,thcy preuentcd the
fame with-firc, » as was now faid oiCaUnm. MegaFlhe/ies reproueth this Calanm, as ^ ^jifurM ,
Jltxartders trcncher-ChapIaine,and commendeth yW/r«(/a»»«-,faying,th3t when ^/f -v- /''*«' ''^' )"■•"»
^eWtwmeflengers told him that he mu(tcome to the fome «f /upiter, withpromiie cS^'tVe't*-
ofrcwards.if he came, otherwiic menacing torture : he anfwered.that neither was hcc goSy&c.LucJ.i,
jMiters ionnc, nordidpoflefleany great part of the earth: asfor himfelfe, he neither
rcfpc(fted his gift$,nor feared his threatningsjfor while he Iiued,India yeelded him fuf-
ficirnt; if he dicd,hefhou]d be freed from age,and exchange for a better and purer life.
Whereupon l>e faith, Alexauderhoth pardoned and praifcd him. ClttarchM reporteth
alio that to the BrachnntHes are oppofed another Se6i called Pramtiii, men full of fub-
tiltie and contention,which derided the iludies of others in Phyfiojogicand Aftroiio-
mic.Hc diuideth the Brachmnnes into thofe of the mountains.clothed in Deeres skinsi
which carried fcrippes.full of roots, and medicines, which they afplied with certainc
charmcs to cure difcafcs : and thefecond fort he cailcth Cjymnet g,t\\oic naked ones be-
fore mentioned (whereof ii^fecmeth they were czlkd.lj^/wiojophiflaj which had wo.
men amongft them, but not in carnall knowledge: the third hecalleth Ciuiil, which
Jiued in Cities and Villages, vVearing fine linnen, and apparelled in skinnes. A^fc-(?/,?«f
'Damafccmts faith, '' That at Antiochia he faw the Indian Embaffadours, fent to yiit~ ^ ^'c.7>amafe,
fuBus from Perm, ihc King(as his letter contained) of fixe hundred Kings, with pre- •^''•"""'« ">"»-
feins.among which was a tcmale Viperof fixteenc cubits (one of the like bigncs Stta- mZldMmni
i« faith he faw fcnt out of Egypt) and a Cray-fifli of three cubits, and aPartrich big- «^.ii. ^ *
«r then a Vulture. Zarmanochagiu, one of thefc Indian Philofophers, was one of the
Embafladors, who at Athens burned himfclfe,not nioucd thereto by adueriitie.but by
ptol'peritie, which had in all things followed his defires, kll in his fuccccding age it
Plight alter : and therefore entered the fire, annointcd.naked, lauf^hing. His Epitaph
jvai; Hecrc lieth, ZarmAtK/chagm the Indian, of Bargofa, which according to his
Countrey-cuflome^ made himfelfe immortall.

But it IS not fuch maruell that their Philofophers thus contemned death , whereas
their women,the weaker and mort fcatcfull fcxcjhecin out- went their fcxe and wcak-
nes.Forthc rcuftomeadiriitting many wiUes,thedearcft of which was burned with
A'[ediZce&kA\\\iihiaA:Hi!gi!nrc9nteHduntmterjedeamorevirt(i\\eyiTC « Hitrcmet ^ }J'"r . Aduirf^
Words) & aml^tio fummacertantium eft, tictifiimoniHm caflitatis. dignam marte decer.. /"*"'• ''^-i-
»/, They ambitiouflycontendamongftthemfelUes,toobtainc this fatall teftimonieof
lheirhusbandsloue,3nd thtirowne chaftitie;andtheconquerc{leinher formcrhabit,
lycth down by the carkafre.embracing and killing the famc.contcmningthc fire which
thus marrieth them againe in dcfpitc of deaths diuorce. A thing to this dayobferued
jnmany parti of India, aswefhallfce anon. ^)rr/<iK*« <i reporteth of a place called d Ar.Terip,
Ctmar(h fecmeth the cape Comori ouer-againft Zeilan) wherein is a Hauen,to which Mar. Brph,
vfed torefort certatne Votaries, v%hich had dcuoted theuifclues to afinglelife,to walli
themfelues in thofe holy waters. The like was done by theitNun-like women. They
had a tradition of a ccrtaine goddeflcywhich vfed to wafb her felfe there euery month.
■ J«/</^ teileth of a Nation called Z>»'*<<r^»><<»»«,inhabiting an Hand in the fea, where
Mtxanda cretled a pillar .with infcription, that he had pafled fo farre. They Hue an
liundrcd and fiftic yeares, and haue neither bread, wine, fit flijoOr mcttals, nor houfes,
but Jiue ofthe fruits, and cicare W5iter,and are very religious. Their wiues liue apart on
the otherlide Ganges, to whom they pallein /«/; and Ahguft.inA after forfie daies.re-
turne home againe, Whenthcwifehathhadtwo children, fliee neither knoweth her
husband after, nor any other man ; which is obferued alfo, when in hue yeares he can
raife no ifVuc of her, he after abfiaincth. Thcfe ^ flay no beaf^s in iacrifice, but affirmc c fa. utm.
thiiGod better jicceptethvnbloudicfactificcs of Prayer,and more dclighteth in man,
bif twnt Image.



4S6



Of India in^enerailjO'C-



Chap, I.



q Am. Parcel.
r Arrlan.ttb.i.



f Dorith.etuln
v'ttj. Biirthol. &
Thm.

t Pfeiido-Abd':-
/fi.Bab.Epifc.



u Gen.dilib.6.
edp.z6.



X Solin.ca^.'i'i,
y PUn.lib.7.c.2..



% ?hot,7i.



fab^tofiii Lam-
bit Hfdafpes,
Hont.

\> At.abAlAlb,
Acap.17.
JElian VnrMfi.
Ub.n.cup.l.

c Laitr.Coruht,
d Arrkn.lib.i,



€ ArrhnA'ib.6.



Hjfflajpes, q the father of Darifts, is reported to hauc learned of the Indian Philofo-
phcrs or'Br-AehmaijeSfhoih Aftronomic and Rites of Religion,'A'i:h which he after in.
ftru(5^ed the Perfian Magi. None ■■ might faciifice without one of thefe to diredt him
who onely among the Indians had skill of Diuinacion, and authoritie to facrifice and
were free from other feruices.

The Indians arc faid toworfhip ffpiter, G-^w^m, and other Hfr^f/ of their Coun*
trey. Some of the Indian Nations accounted it difhonorabic (as they doealfo at this
day) for the vviucs not to be burned with their deceafed husbands. Thomat f the Apo.
ftle preached the Gofpell to the ladians, andfodid'S^rrWow/fwalfo, and deftroycd
their Idols (which wrought great wonders amongft them) ty^Haroth, Beirith, and
tVaidath,as iyihdias ' reporteth, whoeuenin thisHiftoricmayeafilybee conuinced
to be counterfeitj in afcribing the Names and Religions of the Grecians, 7«w, Nep.
tnne,Berecintbia, to the Indians ; befides thofc rnchriftian reucnges, in killing fo ma.
ny of their aduerfaries, and old Heathcnifli, new Popifh Ceremonies , fathered oa
thofe Apottles.

To let pafle that tAhi'AS, a fit Bifhop of that myJlkallBabylon : " Alexander itb A.
lexandro reckoneth among their gods the greateft trees (to cut which, was with them
a capitall crime) and aDragon, inhonor of Zi^(?r/'<i;<r. Wfrf;</« they honored in 4
Giant-like ftatue, whole daughter P^wi^-frf, thePandeansfay, wastheirfirft Qiieene.
Thcfc affirme, that in the HillMeros, whichtheyaccountfacredto7»/>/f(rr, is a caue
wherein Liber or Eacchiu was nourifhed ; from whence the fable grew, that hec was
borne oi fupuers thigh ; for fo w»jo{ fignificth. Some oflhe Indians (faith " SoIihm)V\1
no beafts,nor eat flefh : fome liue otiely on fifh.Some kill' their parents and kinsfolkes,
before age orfi<kcnefle withereth them, and deuourt their flefli^ an argument notof
vilIany,butpieticamongft them. Their r GymnofopTiiRs/rom theSun-rifingtothe
fetting, fixe their eyes on the bright orbe of the Sunnc, thence obferuingcertainc fe.
crets. Hereunto he addeth the tales, of menvvithdogges heads; of others with one
leggc, and yet very fwifc of foot : of Pigmeis, of fuchas liue only by fent : of hoarie
infants j of fome like Pe/jphemM, With one eye in theirforcJhead ; of others with cares
to the ground, wherein many of the old writers are Poets, and the modernCjPaintcrj,
as in many other monftcrs of men and beafts. Wc fcekctredit with the wife,and not
admiration of fooles. if"'^ *

Cteftof ia his fndicx ( which Photipu ''hath preferued rather as a monument oiCtt-
yS^ his lying, then of Indian truth) hath told the like incredible tales; that it neuer
rajncth in India, that there is afountainc ofliquid gold recciued into pitchers of earth,
thatthefeainthetoppc is boyling hotte, with themcnftrous (Jiianichora, a man-
like beaft, and other more horrible beaft-like men, with tailcs and heads of doggcs,
\Mthout fpecch :the little truth in his little Pigmeis both beafts and men; his "reatlies
of great Gryphons, Lion-Eagles , keepers of golden mountaines, with other like fa-
bles.fcarle in one thing agreeing with our moderne.and more ccrtaineobferuations,
and fuch,as if of purpofe he had in challengeof the World caft downe the Gandctfor
the Whetftonc.which for my part.I thinke he beft defcrueth.This hath the Iyer gotten
by lying, that in his Perfian Storie, which hec had better meancs to know, hceisthe
more doubted : and fuch relations hauc made Indian reports ^ accounted fabulous.

The'' Indians neuer facrificedjorfaluted their Idolswithout dances. They were ne-
uerrewardedwithmilitarie honor or fpoile, except they brought into the Campcan
enemies head in their hand. They punifhed periurie with the lofle of fingers and toes;
and fuch as dcceiued their Clients,with pcrpctuall filence ; and befides.they weredifa-
bled vnto any Office. Their Lawes are not written; their contrafls without fcales, or
witnefTrs. They vfed no pledges; nor might borrow or lend vponvfurie.

In the hills,": called Hemodi, Bacchus is faid to haueerefted pillars, to witneflehis
Conqueft, as farre as that Eafterne Ocean, as Hercules did in the Weft. He built the
CitieNyfa, where he left his ficke and aged fouldiers, which y4/f.vWfr fpared, ^ and
fuffered to their ownclibertie, for Z)w«//7w or Bacchtu htsdke. And tsBacchmtK'
died Pillars, fo did Alexander Altars to the tvvelue chiefe gods.as high as Towers.mo*
numents of his tarre trauels.whcre he obferued folemiie games and facrifices. He « fa-

criSccd



Chap. I. ASIA. The fifi $ooke, 457



crificcd alfo, not to his Coiintry-gods alohe,but to Hydafpis, Acefine^ and l>itifu,lndi:-

an Riucrs, and to other gods, with other Rices and SacrificcSjthcii he had before vfcd :

drowning a golden bovvlc iri Indus, and another in the. Ocean, in his Ethnicke fupcr-

flition. To him did tlie Indian A'fagi ([q doth Ant aT7;<ti:^ csXl ihcW Bra chtnaties) fay, d Arrian lib -^

that he was buc as other men, fauing that he had lefTe reft, and was more troublefome,

and being dcad.fhouldenioy no more Jand.thcn would ferue to coucr his bodie. And

eucry man (faid they) (lamping with their feet on the ground,hath fo much as he trea-

dethon. £^/ir^//«'recitcthoutof S/ir^f/rfwifJ^^r/^jthacamongftthelndianSjandBa.. ^ ;r„/j^ jg

(Brians, were many thoufand Brachmanes,vvhich as well by tradition,as law,vvorfhip- pr^ep. unapg,

ped no Image, nor ate any quickc creature, dranke no wine nor beere, only attending ''i'.6. w/.S,

on Diuine things : whereas the other Indians are very vicious, yea fome hunt men, fa-

ctifice, and deuoure them, and were as Idolaters.

P/rw7,bcfidcshis Relations of Monftersin chefe parrs, tellethoftheirPhilofophcrs
(called GjmaefophiUs) like things to that, which is before mentioned of their bchol-
din" the Sunnc from tlic rifing to the fetting, with fixed eyes,ftanding on the hot fands
all day-longj on one foot by courfc. Tooth-ache, with other difeafes of the head and
eyes.fpitting and other fickncfles, arc cither exiles or rtrangers to the Indians. Tt^lly
faith, f That in this naked plight thefe Philofbphers endure the cold of Winter, and f xnfc. /iu^n
fnowesofCaucafus, while they line, and the burning fire at their end without any /;i.5.
plaining.The Indian women alfo ftriuc wbic h fhal! be married to her husbands corpfc,
in a fiery chariot, riding wicKhim into another Aworld.

PhiloslratM in his large Legend of the life of Aps/Ionim Tyamtm^^cxx Philofophi-
call Saint,rclateth % his pilgrimage intoIndia,to theBrachmanes,in which he came to g FhiU.z.c.4,
Nyfa.where was a Temple of ^.jfi-A/^r built by himfelfe, planted about with Bayes^
Vines,andluie,vvhofefliadicroofecoucred thefame.In themiddeft was an Image : ail
infiruments belonging to the Vintage were there, fome of gold,others of filuer hang-
ed vp.facred to DiOKjjifai He after ^ canie to Taxilla the Citicroyall, where he found h Cap.'f.
the Temple of the Sunnc.and in it,the luory Iniigc of /4«».v,with golden ftatucs of >4-
/«-<<w<i<f>';a,ndouer-agaji>ftthcfame,bt3zenImagesof/'«r«*. The walls ofredrnar-
ble fhined like fire, interlaid with gold, refembling lightning. The Mofaicall floore
pouldted with pcailes. The King heere offered facrifice to the Sunne. For the pepper-
' trees, which (he faith) arc great.and abound with Apes,who gather the pepper for the i lib.^xap.u
Indians ^rt?r«, brought thereunto by a wile of thelndians, who firft gather fome, and
lay it oi^hcapesjand then go away : at their rcturne, finding many the like heaps made
bythexmulousApes, Ileaueit to the Authorsauthoritie, andRcaders cradulity: as
that alfo which followeth of the Inhabitants ot Paraca in thefe parts, who by eating a
Dragons heart and liuer, attaine to vnderftand the language ( if f o 1 may terme it ) of
beafts. And ifyou marucll at this,'' that which followcs will amaze you; of men which ^ (-^j,,
doc not, as the former, communicate with the nature of beafts.but of fpirits, making
themfelues at their pleafure inuifible. Heere in a holy hill was a pit, whereof no man
drinketh, by which the Indians binde their faith, as by the moft i'olemne and inuiola-
bleoath. In this pit was a fiery receptacle, where men were purged from their offen-
ces: and two tubs (oiwhetHcucs, Ifhou!dfay)of raincsand windcs^ the one being
opened yeelding raines, and the other, windes.

In this place were many Indian,Grecianjand Egyptian (iatucs, with their Rites ob-
ferued accordingly . This hill was reported the middle of I ndia, and eucry noone-tidc
they ling Hyir.nes to the Sunne for that fire, borrowed ( they fay ) from his bcamcs.
ThcBrachmanesflccpeontheground.onherbesikewcd two cubits thicke, that by
this cicuacion they might more fignifie their deuocion to thcSunnc, whom they laud
night and day. He found ' A?rc^.« their principall, with feuenaffociates; fitting on I capA,
T'iirones oi Braffc. larchas could tell ApoHamfm his Name, Nation, and Aduentures,
which had befallen him all his life.Thcy annoint themfelues, then wafh in a fountaine j
and after this, being crowned.enter the Temple in folemne Proccfiion, with Dances,
fmitinq the ground w ithRoddes,where with the earth, Lkc vnto waues,did moue and
raife it fclfe. larchas being asked by Apollonin4, w hat hcc thought of himfelfe and his
company,anf\Yered,Thauhev were gods, bccaulc they were good men : that he him-

R r 2 Alfe



45 8 Of the Indian Troumcei next adiojnw^ to China. Chap» 2,

fclfe had fometimc bccnc Cjanges, and jifoUontM before had beene an Egyptian Mari-
ner,an attendant which there waited on them had been Pala/»ecies, vjhok n.isfortunes
we readc of in the warres of Troy, thus in new bodies prcfenting thcmfelues tothc
world. The world ,he faid, was a lining creature,compounded of fiuc Elements,with
diners other things of Py gmeys, which lined vnder the Earth,of Gryphons,&c. Thu$
much I thought to adde of y^/'otf<w<«^,becaufefomc vaine Philofophers hauc impu-
dently compared him to our Sauiour, that the Reader might parallel this Legend with
the Gofpell;outofthis darknefle.themofe to admire that more then admirable Light,
And thus much out of F/jZ/ef??-*?;**, oftheBrachmanes. The Gymnofophifls are by
him placed, and by that name knowne, in Egypt and t/£thiopia, whither alfo ApaSt. ^
»/«< went to vifit them, and wc in due place will follow him.



a Hagmm.

h Difcourfeof
China, p. 381.

c Gi. Bot, Ben.



d Summtno dl
li»p,ortentdi.



e Nnuigtit-o,

lac.Necciffer

C0mel,?Q{elM.



Gafp.de CrH\.




Chap. II.
ofths InciUn Prouinces next ndioymng to China.

Auchin-China » is an Indian Kingdome,fituatebctwcene the Riuet
Cantan.and the Kingdomc of Siam.diuided into three Prouinces,aD4
as many Kings, but one of them is /''<>•'»»*«»«;. It'' aboundeth with
Gold, Siluer, Aloes, Porcelane, and Silkc-Thcy are Idolaters andPa.
gans, and « haue had fonie dcuotion to ihc Popifli Chrifiianitie,mo.
ued thereto by certaine pidlures of our Ladle, of the laft ludgemcnt,
and Hell (a ncwkindc ofprcaching)and haue ercftcd m.iny Crofl'es amongft them,of
which the Friers report (after their fafhion) fome miracles. Their Religion fccmeth
little to differ from that of the Chinois. ' '

Nigh vnto this Kingdomc is Champa, thenamcof a Kingdomc, sndchicfeCitie
thereof, of greatTraffique, cfpccially of /:,«f»«»» >^/o«, which growcth there in the
Mountaincs, prized at the weight in filuer, which they vfc in Bathes, and in the Fune-
rals of great Princes, In Religionthey are as the former.

Camboia lyeth Southward from thence, a great and populous Countrey , full of E-
lephants and Abada's (this Beaft is the "E^ittoceros : ) Hetrc alfo they beginne ts ho-
nor the Croffc, as Frier Siluefler ( a man, as they fay, much reuercneed by the King,
and honored of the people) hath taught them. When the King dieth, <! his woratn
arc burned; and his Nobles doc voluntarily facrifice thcmfelues in the fame fire. The
women arc generally burned with their husbands at their dcath.The Camboyans dealt
trcachcroufly ' with the Hollanders, «yf«Ko 1602. whom they inuited to the {horc,
with promilc of certaine BufFes, and then cruelly flew them. They detained the Ad-
mirall on fhorc, to be redeemed, with fomeof theirOrdinance. When they imeiidi
iourney, they vfc diuination with the fcetc of a Henne, to know whether it will bee
luckie, or no ; and as the Wizard fhall anfwerc, they difpofe of thcmfelues, either to
goe or Itay . Gafpar de Cruz, mentioneth a people called Z-/r«r,Northwards from Cam-
boia, which come thither downe a Riuer, which haih his beginning in China, and
is of eight, fiftccne, and twentie fadoms depth : it pafleth through deferts, where irc
Elephants and Bados, or Rhinoccrotcs,thc males of which beafts haue a home atifing
cut of their fnout, accounted good for the Pilcs.This Riuer comming to Cudurmuch,
tweluc leagues from the principallCitie of Camboia, makes a paflagc to another Ri-
uer.which defcendcth from a great Lakc.in the middeft of which one cannot fee land.
When the great waters come downe from the Laos Riuer, they enter that other Ri-
uer with fuch violence, that it reuerfcth and turneth baikcthc fireame,with a fwift
current, and oucrflowcth all Camboia, leaning no pafl'agc for Trauellers, but by
Boat, their houfes alfo being in the lower roomes oucr-flowen , thcmfelues remai-
ning in the higher roomes, with their houfliold. This Riuer runneth vpward from
Inh to September. The Portugals flicwed our Author a great Hill, oucr which a (hip
had failed, being of fuflRcient burthen to haue pafTed from India to Portugal!. Thefc
Laos bring Musk from Camfijbeing the fJcfh and bloud(as he faith)of a cercaine beafi.

They



Chap. 2. ASIA. Tl}e/ifi'Booke. 45!^

They goc naked from the waftevpwardsjtrufTtngvp their hairclikc a cappe. Thei't
Priclh vveare yellow doachs and yellow Copes, wich ccrtainc folds and feamcs.Their
Religion is as in Siam.

On this fide ofCamboia, is ^ SiamjSion,orSilon,mothcr-Citic of a Kingdoms ^ uMaiimu.
bearingthc{'imename, in which are reckoned thirtie thoufand families ofMoores, ^-Bat.Ben,
befides the Naturals. ]n thcfe parts are huge woods,harbours of Lions,Tigers,Own-
ccs, and ^<<ri(rA<r/, which haue Maidens faces and Scorpions tailes. Heerc runneth
Menan out of that huge Lake Chiamay, which yccldcth this and otherRiuersof like
nature to NiUis in Egypt.

For this caufc,B-«/^« affirmcth.that they build their houfes in Silon(fo he termeth it) G^/S.Mp.j j.
very hi"h,ind eucry houfc hath a boat belonging thereto forpafiageand tranfportati-
on'ofthe family in that their wintcr-time,or annuall deluge. And fome poore perfons
haueflight houfes of Reed.or timber fct vpon plankes tied together, or Liters, vVhich
they can rcmouc whither they plenfc.as moueable {hops to buy and fclljwhich is there
done moft by the women. This name of Sion, Silon, or Siam, may worthily moue a
qn£ri to Geographcrs,whether this be not the StniC mentioned by Ttolemfy,MarcU~
niis and other Ancients : the rather becaufe China is a name vnknowne to the Chinois
and their Countrey abutts on the fea Eaftvvard,and the Cities therof haue more Nor-
therly fituation, then thbfe by them afcribed to the Sinx 5 which name is heerc little
altered, and in other things this fccmcth rather to agree theieunto. But let the curious
enquire, and the learned iudge. , , , nr r ^

They haue amongft them many religious Z men, which Icadedn auflere life, and g i^'i'^ouricof
therefore had in great reputation of holineflc, Thefe hue in common: they may not "*'»?• 3?«»
marrie, nor fpcske to a woman (which fault is puniflicd with death) they goc alway
barc-footjin poore aray,eating nothing but Rice and grcene herbs, which they bcgge
fromdoretodore.Thcycraueitnot,nortakcitwith thcirhands,but go with a wallet
attheirbackcs alwayes, with their eyes modeflly fixed ontheground, and calling or
Jcnockin'^.ftand ftill ;till they receiue anfwerc,or fome thing be put in their wallcts.Ma-



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 91 of 181)