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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 94 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 94 of 181)
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fire.and then another world (hall folIow,and other Gods to rule it. They reckon likc-
wiie in the number oftheir Gods certaine men.which yet haue firft paflcd into fiflics,
beafts.and birds of all forts. After death they beleeuc three places , oneof pleafurc;
(like the Mahumetanc Paradife) another oftorment ; the third.of annihilation, w hich
they cal 7V/^/*.The foulcs after their phantafic abide in the two former placcs.whence
they rcturnc fo often into this life,till at laft they be holdcn worthy that Jijba. He ad-
dcthjthat they haueCouents or Collcdpcs of Priefts, w hich liue three hundred togc-
thcr,ormorcinoneplace,hauenoTfeofwomen, are harbourersofftrangers.andliuc
fome of almes,fomc of rents. They hauclike Nunneries alfo for the women. There i$
fuppofcdto be inoncldol-fan(Suaric(whereofchey haucmany) 12cooo.ldols.They
faftthirticdayesin theyeaic; in which they cate nothing till night. They are ofopi-
nion,that he which in this world robbeth another man , fhall in the next world be his
fcruant for recompence. They hold it a iirnc alio to kill a Uuing creature,although this
be not ftrivStlyobfcruedamongft them. Somclewcs are of opinion that this people
defcendcd of thofe Ifraclites which Solomon fent to Ophir , which they place in this
Kingdome, s ButthcPeguans theniftluesafcribe their originall to a Dogge, and a
China-woman,which efcaped fhipwracke.

The Diuel! is highly worfhppcd of thefe Pcgufians,*" to whom they crc^laflate-
ly AItar,and adorne it w ith varietic of flowers , and mcates of all fortes, fo to fee and
Hi^Md.p.'}! I . fcede him that he fhould not hurt them. This is princi^ ally done when they are fickc :
for then they make vowes,and build Altars, which they couer with clothes and flow-
ers. They entcrtaine him alfo with diucrfitie of mufcke, and appoint him a Prieft,
whom they call the D<«f/r Father, which procureth his Ritcsand Mufxke. Some, as
fooneasthey rifcfromtheirbedsjbringabasketof Ricc,andmeates, and a burning
Torch in their hands, running vp and down in the ftrect$,openly profefTing to feed the
Diuel to preuent harme from them that day. And it Dogs follow them,they hold them
lobefentof theDiuell, todeuouiethofcmeaiesinhis name. Some will not eate till
theyhauc firft cart fomcxhingbchindc their bsckes to theDiuell. Andin thecountrejr
villages fome of the richer inhabitants Icauc their houfcs furniflied with ftore of foode
three monethsfpace to be inhabited of him, kecpingmeane while in thefields: that
fo the other nine moncths they may be out of his danger. And howfoeucr the Talo-
poi^ preach againft this diuellifhdeuotion,yet they cannot redaime the people. The
Talipoiscuery Monday, arife early, and by the ringing of a Bafon call together the
people to their Scrmons.w hich are oflufticc to man.but nothing of Religion to God,
They waflithemfelues once aycare, ' andthc water wherewith they arc waflied, the
people account holy,and referue it for their drinkc, as a hoiy potion. They holde that
all which doe well, of whatfocuer Religion fhall be faued, and therefore care not^as
B<«/^j'afiirmcch.if.'my oftheir Nation turne Chriftian.
. . They haue many tcalls very folemnclyobferued. ^ One feaft (called 5«/)i«» Ga*.
apM, tac I f^,^^ is kept twclue leagues from the Citic ; whither the King rides in a triumphall
Is nc tena Chariot, with his Queenc in exceeding pompe, his Nobles attending. Another 'is
' keptinPegu_ag3inft whichday all the Courtiers prouide them certaine Pillars or I-
mages of diuers formes,kept clofe'y, that none may fee what others haue prouided.till
the day. Thefe arc made oflndianReedcs,carued and guildcd, and on the feftiuall
prefeuted to the King , who praifeth the mort artificiall of them. All that night huge
lights ofWaxe are burnt in honour oftheir Idoll , whofe feaft it is, that all may fee
tohaue accefletohim; to which end the Citie gates are left open. But none may
mSnunDMhe approach vnto him emptie-handed.They haue'" a Feaft of watering celebrated in the
olde Citic,where the King, Quecne, and his Children, with Rofc-water fptinckle one
another. And all the Captaines likewife belprinkle each other,that they feeme as wee
as if they came out ofa Riuer. It is faid of the laft Kings father, that when the people
were thus wafliing, he would lend amongfl: them an Elephant, which flew many of
them.whcreat he laughed; the people lamented. Another Feaft" they haue, where-
in they haue a triall oftheir fhippes.which can faile beft : this feaft lafteth a moneth. A
lift Feaft ° is called Cjiaitfiofegimon^ in honour ofa certaine Idoll. They haue many o-

thcr



GXilbjc.n't



n SiJiitn Donan.
o Sj^JuGiat-
mofcgierijn.



Chap.5. ASIA. The fifi 'Booh, - 471

thcr fcafti, but thefe the moft folemne. eAntoijr Cerrea , a Portugall. concluding a
Ifjgue with the King of Pegu, the Kings Dcputiccaufed the Articles of accord, writ-
ten in Portugall and Pegu languages with golden letters, to be read aloudc,and then
rent the fcrole, andwithafcwleauesofan odoriferous trce.caufed the fame to bee
burned to afhesjvpon which hclayedbothhandesofthePrieft , who in the name of
the King,lvvarc to thofc Articles. Thefethingsbeingdoncwith great attention and
filencc.Corre^.loath in a luperftitiouj fancie to defile Holy Writ, with confirmation
ofanoathto aGcntilc,fwarcona bookeof amorous Sonnets, to kccpc inuiolablc

the faid Articles.

In the yearc of our Lord j 5 8 5 .the King of Aua rebelling ( as >$ before fhewed ) the
KingofPegubyfmglecembatc, flew the Traytor. The fight was on Elephants, ill
which the Pegufians Elephant, and the Auan Prince, died. The Jiuing Elephant was
preferred to the place ofthe former ; but in fifteenc daycs fpacfc ( let the bealilincffc of
men imitate the humanity of a bea«)heeforrowcd foP for his Matter, that nothing ^ GaJparBalbf
might comforthim. And although he had continually two feruants attending him, was there wuhi
and tcllin" him of his amended eftatevnder a mightier MaBcr, yet would he fcarcc otherMer-
ccafe to wccpc,or begin to eatctiil his fiftecne dayes ex.- quies were finiflied. Simy^lt

BemftrrHs a Francifcan,fpcnt three ycares in learning the Pegu's language , and ^^^^^ .
myfterie5,that he might preach the Chriftian Religion amongft them, but was foonc
forced to giueouer.andreturne into India. For they could not endure to hcarc any
better knowledge then they had. ,, , /• 1 . . ,

Crocodiles and Apes <? are accounted holy and facred creatures , for which caule q G.US>},
Apesniuhiplyexcecdinglyjnonctakingthem, except for the vfe of their VarelUsot
Temples .where they tyc them,and keepe them with diligent refped. And though the
Crocodiles in the Townc ditch deuoure men daily, yet in a blindc zealc they will
drinke no other water , and account their foules ccrtainely faced , whofe bodies are
thus certainly loft and dcuoured of thofc beafts, which fometimcs arc thirtic foote ia

lenoth.

fheKings/ubie6ttotheKingofPega,didtheirhomage,andprefcntedthemfelues

before him.kneeling, yea, they not onely kneeled to him , but to his white Elephants
alfo. When the King dyeth, they make two fliips with golden couers , andbetwixc
thein ereft a golden Theater ; in w hich they place the corpfe.applying thereto MHske,
and the moft fweet wood$,with other things ; and fo fet forth the fame to Sea, fctting
that Theater or Pageant on fire. In one ofthe Ships are Talapoi.-, which fing till they
thinke the bodie confumcd to afhes. Then doe they make a maflc or lumpe of thefe
aflies and milke.and commit the fame to fea in the hauen of Sirian at an ebbing water:
the bones which remaine they carrie to another place, and there crefling a ChappelJ,
doe burie the fame therein. After this they returne to the Pallace, and , according to
the accuftomedritcs,inauguratcthc new King. The father of that King (whofc Tra-
gedic ye haue heard) had his bones buried in Dogon.

In Da"in or Dacin, as certaine Merchants at Martabantolde our 'Author, That if r talbjc.iii^
theking be in loue with a maide.heeasketh her fathers confent, which yet few will
graunt,bccaufehcis ftill tied to maintainc his daughter ; the king allowing no expen-
fes to his wife. In fome places of that kingdome are men-eaters, called Batacchi,
which when their parents grow oldc,kill them, and cate them as great dainties. When
theking hath condemned a man for iome crimc.thefe are his cxecutioners.who in the
prefence ofthe king cut offhi* head,hands,and feete.and adding pepper and falt,eatc
his flcftiraw.Hc is called the king otAffi.-and is of great power,haih many fliips. much
pcpper,and is a fworne enemic to the Portugals.working all the cuill he can to Malac-
ca. Tfthefatherkno\vcththcfonnetobeguilt:e(or the fonne the father) of fome
gricuous crimche may flay him,but muft after giuc account to the king ; and if he al-
low ihcfai^.allis well iOtherwiCcheishabletopunifliment.

In lamahey or Iangoma(fiue and twentie dayes iourncyfromPegu) when thepeo"

pie be ficke,they make a vo w,to offer mcate vnto the Diucll,if they efcapc : and when

they be recouered,thcy make 3 banquet, with many Pipes and Drummes, and many

other Infttuments. and dauncing all the night. Their friends bring them prefents,

.* Sf3 C^t's



^h



472 Of 'Bt'tJ^ala, and the parts adiojnhi^. Chap»5.

Cocos, B%gci,Arreci!tes,znA other fruits ; and with great dancing and rcioycing , they
offer to the Diuell.and fay.they giue the Diucll to eatc, and driue him out ; and to ihis
end in their dancing they eric and hollow very lowde. Like wifc,vvhen they be fickc,a
Taliipoy or two,euery night doth fit by them, and fing, to pleafe the DiuclI, that hcc
fliould not hurt them. When one is dead.he is carried vpon a great frame, made like a
Tovver,witha coueringall gilded, made ofCanes, carried by fourteene or fixtecnc
men,with great minftrelfie to a place out of the Townc,and there is bunied. He is ac-
companied with all his friends and neighbors.all men : and they giue to the Tallipoies,
or Priclb, many mattes and cloth : and then returne to the houfe , where they fcaft ii
two dayes : which being expired, the women accompany the wife to the place where
he was burned, and there fpend a while in mourning : then doc they gather the pieces
of bones. which be left vnburned,and burie them.and then recurne to their houfes.Thc
neerc of kindred doe alfo lliaue their heads^both men and women.



C H A r. V.

of Bengiila^and the parts idioyning.

^fe^^^i^Hckingdomc of Bengala a is very largc.and hath of coaft one hundred
a M^t{'ft.Gio. ^^ W^i and twcntie leagues, and as much within land. The nucr Chaberis
tat.Sm.Got. , . ... _ ...

Arthm Ml. Ind.
Orient. ^eg 18 ».



c



^V l€^X (which fome call Gueng3,and think to be the ancient Ganges) wate-

^^' Y^^ rcthit:itisplent!fullinRice,Wheate, Sugar, Gineer.lonp Pepper,
&S(S« l/W?:?. t^ jc:ii,„ . .„,i ..-•. I. u^,_/- - ^1 :', '



ffe^f: -y'li Cotton and Silkc; and enioyeth avcry wholefome ayrc. The Inha-
'& .SffMC.^ bitantsnearctheniorc,arc(tbr the raoft part) Mahumetans, and fo
alfo was tbeking, before the great Mogore (one likewifc of his owne %tQC) conquered
him. Gourothc feateroyall.andBcngalaarcfaire Cities. Ofthis theGulfe,fomctimc$
called Ga>!'^etie!(i, now beivah mmc G olfo M BeKga/it. Chatiganis alfo reckoned a-

b LinfiboU.i6 monglt their Cities. Theyare''amoft fubtilc and wicked people, and are ellecmed
the word flaues of all India ; for that they are all theeues ; and the women, whoores;
although this fault is com.mon through all Indi3,no place excepted. They hauc a cu-
ftomejneuertodrefleorfeethe meate twice in one pot, but hauc cuery time a new
Adulteric °"^- Whenfoeucr they are found in adultcrie, they haue their « nofes cut oft", and are

punished. thence forwards narrowly looked to, that they keepc not each others company. Tiic

Portugals haue here Porto Grande,^^^ Porto Peijmne, but without Forts and Goucrn-
mcnt ; euerie man liuing after his owne luft : and for the moft part , they are fuch as
dare not ftay in their places of better Gouernement, forfome wickcdncfle bythcm
committed.

In Ben gala are found great numbers o^ Abad^ or l^.'wocerotes^whok home, (gro-
wing vp from hisfnowt) teeth, flefhjbloud, clawes, and wharfoeuerhe hath without
and within his body as good ag.^inft poyfon, and is much accounted of throughout all

d Lmfcbiitx.^7 I"dia. The skinnc "^ vpon the vppcr part ofthis beaft, is all wrinckied , as if he were
armed with fhiclds. It is a great enemie of the Elephant. Some thinkc that this is the
right Vnicorne, bccaufe as yet there is no other by late trauellers found , but onely by

e LudVert. heare-fay. Onz\y LodomeiuVertetnannpu efi\i\\hz faw a couple of thofetrue Vni-

lib.i,cap.i9. cornes at Mecca; one whereof had a hornc of three cubites being of the bigneflc of a
Colt oft ivoyeares and a halfeolde; the other was much lefle: both icnt to the Sul-
tanofMecca.forarareprefentoutoft^chiopia. Gf/wd'r-in hisbooke of Fourc-foo-

Juadrup Lai ^^^ Beafts, citeth thisteftimony, and lome others, whereby he perfwadcth, that there

f.vf/c.ioj. ' 3"^^ diuers foits of chefe Vnicornes : but it cannot feeme othcrwife then ftrangc, that
in this lart hundred of ycarcs, wherein the world hath vnueylcd her face more then e-
uer before ; none of credite (that I hauc read) hath affirmed himfeUc to hauc fccnc this
VnicoraCjbut in pifture.That which is reported of their vertue againft poiron,proccc-
dctb I'rom the heaibs which Bengala yecldeth : for in other places they are not neerc
the price of thele. Therearc here alfo certainewiide Goats, whofe homes arc mac-
count againft venom : as 1 my felfe (faith Lin/choten) hauc proued.

The



Chap. 5- ASIA. Thefift'Booke: ^ 47^



The Kings S of Bcngala, in timespaft, wcrechofenofche Abaflineore^thiopian qi n t b
flaues, as the Soldans of Cairo were fometime of the CircalTian Mamalukes, North- S • • •
^ward from Bengalalieth the KingdomeofArracan.Thc great Crfwfubduedthcie parts
and the Kingdome of M ien, about the ycare 1272. while Marcus Paulus liued there.
Arracam, Chandican, and Syripurareby Fernandez, placed in Bengala, as ibmany
Kingdomes :Patane or Patenau by Fr;dfr«/^if and F//c<> reckoned to another Bengalan
Kingdome : which our Countrcy-man Mafter Ftich calleth the Kmgdome of Gouren:
fo that vnder this namc,Benga!3, are comprehended many Seigniories ; alitor the molt
«art now fubied to the Mogor.

.( Our Mappesfeeme not to dcfcribe the Riuer Ganges (fo will we here tcrme it with
Ortellius, CejiJdus, Barrius. and all our later Traucllers,both Merchants and lefuits)
according to the due courfe thereof. For Chaberis they bring from the North, encli-
ning to the Ba(t, Guenga from the Weft; but Mafter P/rc/', which continued fiucmo-
neths in paiTing downc firft in lamena from Agra, which falleth into Ganges, and
then in Ganges it felfc to Bengala (although he confcftcth ic may be done in fhorter
time) faith it commeth from the North- weft, and runneth Eaft intothcSea, Some
call Chaberis, Ganges; and fomchold Guenga to be Ganges; andfome make but
one Riuer of them both : and hence may happily arife inpart, that kcking of Ganges
fo farrc off.

There is in Ganges '' a place called (jtngafAgif, that is, theentric of the Sea, in h Ballyup^^i,
which arc many fifhes called Sea-dogges. They which are wcane of this world, and
defire tohaueaquickepaffagctoParadife, ca(t in thcmlclues hecrccobee deuoured
of thcfehfhes; perfwadingthe.nfelues, that the next and readicfl way thither, is by
their lawes.

Ganges ' ouerflowinghisbankcs/m times patt drowned many Villages, which fo i R. Fitch.
rcmaine; and haih changed his wonted Channell : the caufe that Tanda(a City oftraf-
ficke) ftandeth now a league from the Riuer. It watercth a fruiifull Countrcy and po-
pulous,and(3sthc Oceans high Colle6tor)receiueth into him many riuers by the way,
ibmc no leflc then it felfe, fo that in the time of raino, you cannot fee from the one fide
of Ganges to the other. The fupcrftitious opinion conceiued, in thofe parts, of this
Riuer, appearcth by the reports cf all. ^ JimanHelT^mner At Cambaia obferued many ^ H cr.Xsv,
to irefort thither on pilgrim3ge,fomtime outofthatCitiefourc thoufand; andwastold ^'"'"'•'-'"''
by theGoucrnor of^Bengala vnder the OUfgff then atjLahor, that there came thither
fometime three hundred thoufand or foure hundred thoufand Pilgrims. And addcth.
That not long before his comming to Cambaia there affombled there, to this dcuout
iourney ,fiftie thoufand people. Happy they efieeme that man which waflieth himfclfc
therein, and fecure of fakiation, if at the point ot death he may drinkc ofthis water.Hc
conferred with one Gedachat)i,2i great man,which had bcene on this holy voyage, and
had there weighed his mother three times; firrt, by her weight in filuer; fccondiy, in
gold ; thirdly, in pearles, all which he gauc to the poore. A brother of his, called Rau,
beingtogo to the great yl/^^or, offered one hundred and fiftie thoufand ' Pard.iwos, ' I'ardan is
that his "1 Trf^oi^j-orldolsfhould fend him good fucccflc. They make an Image slfo three leftons
to this Riuer, whereunto they doe diuinc honor. The King of Calccut and the other ,j, wj'meata.
Kings of Malabar kcepe a folemne feafteucrytwclueycares, inhonorof this Riuer;
bccaufe that long fincc acertaine BmchwiAne (falfely accufed) fled vnto Ganges, and
there led an auftere life t weluc years, worftiipping that Streamc and his Idol, to whom,
whenbcpurpofcdtoreturnchomc, after thoi'etwelue yeares expired, that Image of"
Ganges appeared, and faid, that on the la(t day of February he would appeare in a Ri-
uer of his owne Countrey,and caufc the waters thereof to arife, and runne backward
inwitnefTe of his innocencie, and bade him afTcmblea'l the Lords ot Malabar to the
fight, which accordingly came to pafTe, and thememoric thereof is by this Feaft fo-
lemnizcd.

Bannaras " is a great Towne on Ganges, to which the Gentiles out of farre Coun- n R. viub.
tries come on pilgrimage. The men are fliauen all but the crownc. Alongfl the wa-
ter-fide are many faire houfes, in which ftand Images of cuill fauour, made of ftone,
and wood, like LeopatdsjLions,Myiikeis,Men,Womcn,Pcacockes. and DiuellsjWith

fouie



474 OfBen^ala^ and the^arts adioynin^. C n a p. 5.

fourearmes andliands, fitting clofc-lcggcd, and holding fomewhatin their hands.
There arc diners old men, which on places of earth, made for the purpofe, fit praying
and they g'ue the people (which by brcake of day, and before,come out of the tovvne*
to wafh thcmfelues in Ganges) three or foure ftrawes which they take,and hold them
betwccnc their fingers where they walli themfelucs: and fome fit to markc them in the
foreheads, and they haue in a cloth a little rice, barley, or money, which they giuc to
thefc old men. After that, they go to diuers of their Images, and giue them of their fa-
crifices, thofc old men in the meanc while pray ing,which makcth all holy. They hauc
one Idoll called yida, with foure hands and clawes. On certaine great earned ftones al*
fo they powrc water,ricc,wheat, &c. They haue a great place like a well,vvith flops to
goc downc, wherein the water ftandeth foule, and ftinkcth, by reafon of thofe many
flowers, which they continually throw thereinto. Many people arc alwayes therein
with imagination ofpardon for their finnes,bccaufc God (as they blafpheme) waflied
himfelfc therein. They gather vp the fandin thebottome.asaholyrelike. They pray
not but in the water.and wafli thcmfelues ouer-head, lading vp water with both their
hands,and tuinc thcmfelues about,and then drinkc a little ofthe water three times,af-
tcr which they go to their gods in their houfes. Some of them will wafli a place which
is their length, and then will pray vpon the earth, with their armes and legs at length
out,and will rife vp and lye downc. and kifle the ground t wcntie or thirtie times, but
will not ftirre their right foot. Some vfe fifteene or fixtecne pots, little and great, ring-
ing a bell, while they make their mixtures, ten or twcluc times; and make a circle of
Watcrjbout their pots, and pray : others fitting by, cnc of which reacheth them their
pots. They fay ouer thefc pots diuers things many tunes, which done,they go to their
gods and ftrcw their factifices, w hich they thinkc are very holy, and markc many of
thcm,whichfiiby,intheforchead$,efteemeda$agreatgift. There come fiftic, and
fometime an hundred together, to this Well, and to thcfe Idols .

About their Idols,io fome houfcs,fitteth one in warmc weaihcr,to blow the winde
with a fan vpon them. And when they fee any company comming, theyringahttle
bell, and manygiuc them their almcs. None of thefc Idols hauc a good face.Somc are
blackc,andhaue clawes of brafle; andfomcridconPeacockesor other fo\\les. Gnc
there is alwayes attended with his fan, to make vi'inde, which (they fay) giucth them
all things, both food and raymcDt. Heerc fome be burned to afhes, fomcfcorchedin
the firc,and thrownc into the water,when they are dcad:ihc Foxes prcfently eat them:
The wiues doc burnc with their husbands when they die : if they will not.thcir heads
be fhauen, and ncuer any account is made of them after. If a man or woman be ficke,
and like to die, they wililay him before their Idols all night: and that fliallmendor
end him. And if he doc not mend.that night his friends will come and fit a little wiih
him,and cry,andaftcr will carry him to the water-fide, and fet him vpon a little rafc
made of reeds, and fo let him goc downc the riuer. The chiefc Idols are very cuill-fa-
uourcd, their mouthes monnrous,theireares gildcd.andfull ofjcwcls.their teeth and
eycsof gold, filucr^glaflc, coloured blacke,withLampcs continually burningbeforc
them. Into their boufcs or Temples you may not enter, with your fhoocs on. When
the fcorched Indians arc thrownc into Ganges, the men fwim with their faces downe-
wards, the women with their faces vp wards; which I had thought they had by fome
meancs caufed, but they denied it. The people goe all naked, with alittle cloih about
their middle. Their women arc exceedingly on their nccke$,armcs, and cares.deckcd
with rings of Siluer, Copper, Tinnc,and luory hoopes : they are marked with a great
fpot of red in their foreheads, and a flroke ofrcd vp to the crowne, and fo it runneth
«Thcmanncr threcwaycs. Their marriages arc in this fort:" Theman and the woman come to the
otthcitmar- watcr-fidc, where fiandetha'Sr^jw/Jw^orPricft, with a Cowand a Calfc, ora Cow
"agss- ^ith Calfc : thefc all goc into the water together, the Bramane holding a white cloth

of foure yards long , and a basket crofle bound with diuers things in it. This cloth he
layethvponthcbackeofrhcCow. And then be takcth the Cow by the tailc, and faith
certaine words. Sbcc hath a Copper or a Brafle por-full cf water. Theman holdcth
his hand by the Bramans hand, and the wiucs hand by her husbands, and all haue the
Cow by thctailc. Then they powrc water out of the pot ypon the Cowes taile,wliich

runneth



Chap.5- ASIA. Thefift'Booke: 475

lunnech thorow all their hands, and they lade vp water with their hands, and then the
Brachmanc ticth their clothes together. After this they goc round about the Cow and
CiifCyind giucfomewhatto thcpoore there attending, ieauing the Cow and Calfe
for the Bramans vfe, and oft'cr to diners of their Idols money : then lying downc vp-
on the ground, they kiflc it diners times, and go their way.Betwcene this and Patenavv
are diuers thceues, like the Arabians, without certaine abode.

Patenaw was fometimc a Kingdome, now fubieil to the Magor. The women here
arc fo decked with filuer and copper, that it isftrangeto fee, and by reafonof Inch
rings vpon their toes, they can wearc no fhooes. Heerclfaw adiflembling Prophet,
vvhich fate vpon an horfc in the Market-place, and made as though he flcf t, and many
of the people came and touched his feet with their hands, and then kifled their hands.
They tooke him for a great man, but I faw he was a lazie lubber : and there 1 lefchim
fleeping. The people heere are great praters and diffemblers. As I came from Agra
downe thcRiucr lemena, I faw alfo many naked beggers, of which the people make
great account; they call them J'fi^r/c/^^.Hccrc Ifawone, v\hich was a monger among
thcreft, wearing nothing on him, with a long beard, the haire of his head ccuering
hispriuities. The nailes of fomc of his fingers were two inches long: for hee would
cut nothing from him P. Neither would he fpeake, butwas accompanied with eight p Arightnl
or ten which fpake for him. Whenanymanfpaketo him,hc would lay his hand vpon §ard.
his breaft, and bow himfelfe, but fpeake he would not to the King.

In tho(c parts they had many ftrange Ceremonies. Their Bramans or Priefts come



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 94 of 181)