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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 95 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 95 of 181)
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tothcwater, and hauc a firing about their neckes made wth great ceremonies, and
lade vp water with both their hands, and turne the ftring firft with their armes within,
and then one arme after the other out. Hcerc alfo about Iemcna,the Gentiles will eat
nofleQi, nor kill any thing. They pray in the water naked, and drcflc their mcatc and
cat it naked: andfortheirpenancethdy lie flat vpon the earth, and rife vp and turne
themfelues about thirtic or fortie times, and vfe to heaue vp their hands to the Sunne,
and to kiflc the earth,with their armes and legs ftretchcd out along, their right leg be-
ing alvvayes before the Icft.Euery time they lie downe, they fcore it with their fingers;
to know when their flint is endcd.The Bramans marke them'ielues in their foreheads,
cares, and throats,with akind ofyellow gcare which they grinde ; euery morning they
doe it. And they hauefome old men which goe intheftreeteswith a boxof yellow
powder, and marke them which they meet on their heads and neckes. And their wiucs
doe come, ten, twentic,andthirtietogcther to the water- fide, finging, and there doe
waflithemfelues,and vfe their ceremonies.and mark themfelues on the foreheads and
faces, and carrie fome with them, and fo depart finging. Their daughters be married,
at, or before the age often ycares. The men may haue feucn wiucs. They are a craftic
people, worfe then the Icwes. •

I went 1 from Bengala into the Countrey of Couche, which lieth fine andtwentic q R,i'it(k.
dayes iourncy Northwards from Tanda.TheKing was a Gentilc,named Suck,el Coun.
/ir; his Countrey is great, aind liethnot farrefrom Cauchin-China. All the Countrey
ijfetwith canes made fliarpe at both ends,and driueninto the earth; and they can let
in the water, and drownc the Countrey knee-decpe. In time of warre they poyfon all
the waters. The people haue cares which be maruellous great, of a fpanlong.which
they draw out in length by dcuifes when they be yong.Thcy are all Gentiles, and w ill
kill nothing. They haue Hofpitalls for Oicepe, dogges, goats,cat5,birds, and all other
liuing creatures. Whenthcy be old and lame, they keepe them till they die. If a man
catch or buy any quickc thing in other places, and bring it thither, they will giue him
money for it, or other viftuals, and keepe it in their Hofpitalls, or let it goe. They will
giue meat to the Antes. Their fmall money is Almonds, which oftentimes they eat.We
paflcd thorow the Countrey of Gouren, where we found but few Villages, and almoft
all vvilderncfle, and faw many B'jffcs, Swine, and Deere : grafle longer then a man.and
very many Tygers. Satagam is a fairc Citie (f r a Citie of ivloorcs) and very plentifull.
In Bengala fuch is the eftimation of Ganges, that they will fetch of it a great way off,
though they haue good water ncere : and if they haue not fufficient to drinke,they will
fptincklc a little on them, and then they arc well. From Satagam I trauelled by the

Countrey



47^ Of the Great Mogor. Chap. 6.



Countrcy of rhc King of Tippaia, with whom the Mogor hath continuall warrc. The
Mogoret, which be of the Kingdomc of Recoil and Rame, be ftronger then this Kinc»
of Tippaia. Foure dayes io-irncy from Couchc is Botanter, and the Citic Bettia : the
King is called Dtrntaine: the people arc tall and (irong : the Countrey great, three
monethsioutncy, and hath in it highmountaincs, one of which a man may fee, lixc
dayes iourney off: Vpon thefe mountaines arc people with cares of a fpanne lon<» • o-
therwifethey account them Apes. Hither rcfort many Merchants out of China, and
Tartsria. From Chatigan in Bcngala, I went to Bacola,the King whereof isa Gentile •
thence toSenepare, and after, toSimergan, where thcywilleate no flcrti, nor kill no
beaft J and thence to Negrais in Pegu and Cofmin. Thus farre hath our Country-man
led vs in the view of fo many fuperftitions of thelc Bcngalans, and their Northerly
neighbours.

r Linfcbot. The Bcngalans '• hauc a tradition or fable amongft them. That this Riuercommeth

out of Paradife,which was proued by one of their Kings,who fent men vp the ftreamc
till they came to a pleafant aire, ftill water, and fragrant earth, and could row no fur-
ther. Hence happily grew this conceit. That this water fhouldwafh away finne, and
that without it they cannot be faued. This Riiicr hath in it Crocodiles, which by wa-
ter are no Icffe dangerous then the Ty gers by land, and both will afTault men in their
fliippes. There is alfo a little fmall beaft, which by bis barking maketh the Tyger to
runne away.

f 3^. fimcnta. The King of Candecan ^ caufed alefuit to rehearfc the Dtcalegue: who when he re-
proucd the Indians for their polythcifme, worfhipping fo many Pagotits : He faidjthat
they obfe ucd them but a$,among them,their Saints were worfhipped : to whom how
fauoury the lefuits diftindiien o^ ^»vKiidt. andA«T{4/a was for his fatisfaflion, 1 Icauc tO
the Readers iudgement. This King and the others of Bacala and Arracan hauc admit-
ted the lefuits into their Countries, and moft ofthcie Indian Nations.

t HiHor.riUm Jn that part of Botanter, whichisncxt to Labor and tl^c Aiogar, thcpcople r artf

At rege Moior. white, and Gentiles, Their garments are clofc girt to thcin, that a wrinkle or plcit iS
not to be fccne, which they neucr put off, no not w hen th*y fleepc, as long as they arc
able to hang on : their head attire is like a fugar^loafe^ fliarpc at the toppe. They nenet
wafh their hands, kft,fay they, fo pure a creature,as rhe watci-, fhould be defiled.Tiicy
hauc but one wife; and when they hauc two or three children,', hsy liue as brotucr and
{iftcr. Widowers and widowes may notmarrie a feconditime.Thcy haue no Idols nor
Townes, nor King, inthofeparts of Botanter. They hauctheirScoth-fayers, which
they aske counfell of When any is dead, they refort vnto thefe VVifyfds, to know
what is to be done with their dead. They fearch their Bookes; and as they (ay the
woid, they burne them, or burie them, create them, although they vlually feede not
on mans flefli. They a! fo vfc dead mens skulls in flead of difhes, as in Thcht we hauc
obferXicd the like cuflonic. They are liberall Almef-giuers.



Chap. VI.
of the Great MegQr.

>fe3^^:^He Great .(^»f«r (according to "Sof^ff-wj hath vnder his fubicif^ion fe-
"" uen and fortieKingdomes, which lie betweenc Indus and Ganges on
the Eatt and Wefl, and betwixt Imaus and the Ocean. He ii called of
the people the Great . tJMogor^ for the fame caufe that the OnomAn.
ii 1495, and ^^^^^^ • Tutkes arc called CJrwf. Thefiileof him that was King S when the
^^99' ** -MmSi^ Itfuks'impiitcdtovstheCcrchv.om.viii Mahi47freth ZfLilrdiTu Eche^

i<3r, King Mogor. His dcl'cent is from TamerUn (worthily called greet) from whom
he is reckoned the cight.His father was Emmaupaxda (as the lefuits rcport)which be-
ingdnuen togrcat ftraitsby theParthians, or Tartars, wasdriuen toaskeaid ofthc.
Sophi, or Pcrfian King ; which he obtained, with condition of fubmitting himfelfe to
thePcifian Religion. The Mogoresfpeake the Turkifh language, The Empire of this,i

Mogor




Chap,6. ASIA. Thefift'Booke: 477



Mogor is exceeding great, containing the Countries of Bengala, Cambaia, Mendao,
and others, comprehended by fome vndcr the name of Induttan. This Mendao is faid
to be tcnleagues in circuit, and that it coft the Mogor tweluc yearcs fiege. Agra and
Fatipore are two Cities in his Dominion, great, and full of people, much exceeding
London; and the whole fpacc bctweeneisas acontinuail populous Market. Many
Kings he hath conquered, and many haue fubmitted themfelucj andcheirStates vo-
luntarily to his (ubie<ftion. Twentie Gentile Kings are numbrcd ^ inhisCourt,which '' '?<''■''• ^(
attend him, equalling the King of Caleciit in powcr.Many others pay him tribute, E- ^'^' ^^''^^
leuen great Riucrs runnc thorow his Dominions ; Taphi, Haritada^Chambel, lamena,
(janges: The other fixe ixzlndw, oxSchind(^s they ca^l it) and Catamul,Cehcha,Ray,
Che»A», 7^<?^fr^,tributaries to Indus. The whole Monarchic cnujroneth nine hundred
leagues. Yi\u^Echebar <■ hath many Lords, each of which is to maintainc eight, ten, '^Of'lie great
twelue, or fourtcenc thoufand horfeinreadinesforthewarre, bcfides Elephants, of "S"'^"'^?"-
which in the whole Kingdome are faid to be fiftie thoufand.Himfclfe can further bring anjothcrn Ja-
of his owne into the Field fiftie thoufand horfc, and foot- men innumerable. To thole Imes rime dn-
Lords he alloweth certainc Prouinces for fuchmilitarieferuice; forhcisLord of all, ■'■^"'f hath
norhathanyclfc pofleffion of anything, but at the will of the King, Once a ycare l»''gcly wric-
they appcare before the King, where they prefcnt a view of thofe their enioyned for- ]^h'tloired 'i
ces. Many milhonj of reuenue doe befides accrew vnto his coffers : yet his Port and ^^ j or. e.g.
Magnificence is not fo great, as of many other Princes, cither for Apparrell, Diet, or
the Maieftic of his Court»feruicc. He cannot write or readc, but hcareth often the di-
fputations of others, and Hiftoricj read before him, being of decpeiudgement.pier-
cing wit, and wifefore-caH. In execution of luttice he is very diligent, info much,
that in the Citie where he refideth, he hcareth all caufeshiinfelfe, neither is any rnale»
faiflorpunilhed without his knowledge, himfelfe giuing publikc audience ten times
eueryday: for which purpofe he hath two wide Halls, and in them Roy all Thrones,
where he is attended with eight Counfcllors, befides Notaries.

ThisKingdetefteth the MahumetanSedt, which, as you heard, his father embraced
for his aduantage ; and therefore hath ouerthrowne their Mofchees in hig Kingdome,
conuerting them to Stables, and more trufleth and employeth the Gentiles in his af-
faires then the Moores : whereupon many of them rebelled againft him, and ftirred vp
the Prince of Quabul, his brother, to take Armes : againft whom Schebttr oppofed
himi'elfe,and caufed him to retire into his owne Countrie.lt is vnccrtaine J what Reli- d The vncer-
gion he is of, fome affirming him to be a ^eorif,fome a Gentile,(ome a ChrifiiAu; fome tsmutoi his
of a fourth Scd, and of none of the former. Indeed it appeareththathe wauereth, ^'^H'°"- ^"'1"
vncertaincwhich wayof many totake, abletofee theabfurditicsof the Arabianand '^ ^° IT^h""'
Gentile profefTion, and not able to bclceue the high my fteries of the Clntflian Faith, Ponugals of
ti^ecxiWy i\\cTrimtie ia^ Incarnation. He hath admitted the lefuits there to preach, theconuerfi-
and would haue had them by miracle to haue proucd thofe things to him, which they °" of 'his
(elfewhere fo much boafting of Miracles ) wifely refufed. For he demanded that the v'"^ j^ °^ '^7
MuHas, or Priefls of the Mogores, and they, fhould by pafltng thorow the firc,iTiake chLa"airo°to
triall oftheirFaith. He hath many Bookes and Images, which the Chriftians there do Chriftianitie ;
vfc.and feemcth to haue great liking to them,vfing the fame with great rcuercncc.But borh withhkc
his Religion is the fame(it feemeth)with that ofTamerUne his predece{Tor,to acknow-i ""''^ ; ^"'^ *"'"
ledge 0«; C7o^, whom varietie of Se£tsand worfhippings Hiouldbeft content. Hee t'"§ ''op''^*
caufed "= thirtie Infants to be kept (like that which is faid oi Pfammettchtu King of E- ciol"o'ritnm
gypt) fetting ccrtainc to watch and obferue, that neither their Nurfes, nor any elfc,
fliouldfpeakevnto them, purpofingto addicit himfclfe to that Religion which they
fliould embrace, whofe Language thefe Infants fliould fpeake; which accordingly
cametopafie. For as they fpake no ccrtainc Language, fo is not he fctled in any ccr-
tainc Religion. He hath diucrs Idols fomctime brought before him, among which is
one of the Sunnct which early eucry morning hec worfhippeth. Hee worfhippcd alfo
the Image of C/^niif, fetting it on the crownc of his head. Hee is addicted to a new
Sett, as is faid, wherein he hath his followers, which hold him for a Prophet. The
profitjwhichthcy haue by his Gold, addifteth them to this new Prophet, f He pro- f Hw.i^'auitr.
leffcth to workc miracles ; by the water of his feet curing difcafes. Many women make

vowes



478



OftU Great Mo^ot



Chap. 6.



h Rob,Co!iirt.



^.Nichols,



Vowes vnto him, cither to obtainc children, or to recoucr the health of their children;
which if they attaine, they bring him their vowed deuotions, willingly of him recci-
ued. He hath three fonnes;5c;fc the elddt, which is honored with the title ^w. and
called Sciecigioy that is,theSoulc,or Pcrfon,of5f»ifc ; he much fauourcth the lefuits :
Thcfccond,T<iW/; 'Z>«», orD<i»/>/i$thcyongeft: Some call them by othernamcs.
His prefcnts arc excecdingjbcfides hisTributcs and Cultomcs: for in eight dayes fpace
g EHjiii-Pitiner. thcfc gifts amounted to a million of Gold ; S and almoft daily he is prefented with the
like, and efpccially in a fcsft which he cclcbratcth, called 7{erofa, great gifts are offe-
red : fo that his Treafures occupie the next roome to thofe of China.

t/^nno I608. the j^fcenfitn l^ anEnglifhShip, hauinghadthehappines tobethc
firftEnghfhvifitoroftheRed-feaor Arabian Gulfe, had heere the difalkr, necre the
coart of Camhaya, inthe^ciforjDominion,tobe caft away : The people were faucd,
and trauelled from Surrat to Brainport (a Citie greater then London, and of great tra-
ding) and thence to Agria; where they faw the beginning of a goodly monument,
which the Great (JWogor hath beene nine ycares in building, for his father, with fiue
thoufand work men continually. The matter is fine Marbk, the forme nine fquare,
two En^lifli miles about, and nine ftories in height : wheron the Mogor faid(as a Frier
reported to them) he would bcfto w an hundred millions of treaiure. From hence tht
company of thisfhippe were difpcrfed, fome palTing thorowPetfiato Bagdat, and
thence to Aleppo for England : others the contrary way, as namely, ' Wtlhttm Nichols,
which trauelled fourcMoneths with three Icwcs ( from whom he receiued manyin-
k Jt, M'tldna'J. dignities) to Mefulopatania a faftorie of the Hollanders, lohn Aiildn.tll^ in liis letters
from Casbin in Pcrha.dated the third oiO^ober 1606. tcftificth that he was at Lahor,
and thence went to Agria,to:hcCourt of the Mogor, whom he prefented withnind
and twcntic great horfes,the bcH he could get in thofe parts, at fiftie pound ,or three-
fcore pound a horfc, with diuers jewels, rings, and earc-ringj. The lefuites oppofed
themfelues to his proceedings, flandering him as a fpie, our Nation as thecues : which
nioued him to learne the Perfian language, that he might tell his owns talc ; and thca
he obtained articles of trading. ■

Touching the fupctftitionsofthisKingdome, thus v.metht foatints Ora»M ^'m the
Narration ofthisKingdotre', Notfarre trom the CitieTahorisanldoll.refembling
a woman, wh.ch they call 'K[jtz,ar Coto framed with two hcads,and fix or fcucn amies,
andtwelueorfoureteenehands, oneofwhichbrandiJhctha Spearc, another a Club.
Hereunto refort many Pilgrims to wcrlliip, and hereof they tell many miracles;as that
many cut off their tongues, which arc againc rcftored whole vnto them, but rcmainc
mute. Some thinke our breath to be our Soule. Some affirmc. That all things are the
fame thing. Some,that God onely haih a bcing.otlitr things arc fhadowcs and appa-
rances. Some thmkc all things, andfottie, thcroundGircleof the World, and fome,
themfelues to be God. Almoft all do hold the commigTation of foules into the bodies
of Beafts. They fay the World fhalllaftfoure Ages; or Worlds, whereof three arc
paft. The firft lafted fcuentcene L^ichts (cucry Laches containeth a^ . hundred thoufand
yeares) and eight and twcntie thoufand yeeres. Men in thatworld lined ten thoufand
yeares, were of great ftaturc of bodic, and great (inceritic of minde. Thrice in this
Ipacc did God vifibly appeare on the Earth : Firft in forme of a Filli, that hce might
bringoutthcBookeof thcLawof ^rrfw.*, Vi\\\c\\oac(^cuf(:car had hurled into the
Sea : The (econd time in forme of a Snaile, that he might make the Earth drie and lo-
lid: Laftly, likea Hogge, todettroyoncthatfaidhe was God,or as others of them as
trucly fay, torccouer the Earth from the Sea, which had fwallowcd it. Th.fccond
World lafted ten L4ches, and ninetic two thoufand and f;xe yeares, in which men v/crc
as tall as before, and lined a thoufand yeares. God did appeare fourc times : Firft iii a
nionftrous forme, the vpper part a Lion, the lower a Woman, to rcpreffe the pride of
one which gaue out himfelfeforGod : Secondly, like a poore Bramane, to punifha
proud King, that would byanew-deuifedArtflie intoHcauen : The third time, to be
rcuenged ofanothcr King, which had flainc a poore Religious man, hce came in the
likcneffeof aMan, named Tarcarc.m; and laftly, like one Tiatn, thefonneof ^«*-
cortst^ VN'hich had ilainc Purcaram.lhz third World continued eight Ltiches^^nd foure

thoufand



1 'SimtUreg,



Chap. 7- ASIA. The fifi 'Booke. 479

thoufand yeares, wherein men liuedfiue hundred ycarcs; and God appeared twice in
Humane hkenefic. The fourth age Hiall endure fourc L^hes, whereof arc alreadic
pafled foure thoufand, lixc hundred, tourefcore and twelue yeares. They fay Cod will
alfo appcare in this Age. Others imagine, that he hath alreadie appeared, and that £-
chelf-tr'ishc. Some hold, that'thofc ten Appearances were but creatures, which had
receucdDiuine power. They themfelues eafiiy pcrceiue the vanit'c of thefe ChtrK^-
rds and nionftroiis opinions, but will not leaue them, left they fiioukl (at the fame

d fa(V)lofe their wealth and fuperftition together.

" In the Countrey of the Mogor they haue * many fine Carts.carued and gilded,witH i R. Fitch.
two whcelcs, drawne with two little Bulls, about the bigneffeofour great doggcs in
Enpland,andthey will runne with any Horfe, andcarrie twoorthreemen in one of
thofe Ca'rts. They are couered with Silke^ or fine cloth, and be in vfeasour Coaches

in England.

By the Letters of 7s(^.T/»;f«r^'' 1600. itappeareth, that the Mogor had fubdued k la.Sufm:
1 three IndianKings.of the ArabianSea, aylbde/^agran, IdJcM,UMaJ]'u/ApMa»^ and
grewdreadfulltothepuiffantKingof Narfinga, by tlie current of hiiConqucfts, in
that Cherfonefus which trendeth to the South from Camban and Bcngala, before
mentioned.




C H A p. V I I.

ofCdmbiia^andthe nelghbonr'mg ^{ations.

Ambaia is alfo called Guzarat », containing in length, from theRiuer ^ uamm.
Bite to Circam , a Perfian Region , fiue hundred miles of Sea-cort,
being on other parts enuironcd >» with the Kingdomesof Dulcmda i, ^aflib.ii.
andSarigJlontheNorth; MandaoontheEaft;onthc Wef!, Nauta-
cos, orthc Gedrbfians. The Sea and the Confines of Decan arc the
Southerly bounds. It hath in it, by eftimation,threcfcore thoufand
Populations, or inhabited places, watered with many flrcames, the chicfc whereof is
Indus, which diuideth it in the middle, runningfrom CauCafus, or Naugrocot, and
after nine hundred miles iourney, with two nauigabic mouths difemboquing it felfe
into the Ocean. This Countrey is very fertile, notycelding to any other in India,
in thefruites which the Earth and Trees bring foorth, behdes their ftore of Ele-
phants, Gemmcs, Silke, Cotton, and fuch like. The people are of an Oliue-colour,
andgoen;ikeJ,exceptaboutthcirpnuieparts. They eatenoFIcfh,but Rice, Milkc,
Barley, and other lifc-leffe creatures. The Inhabitants are, for the moftp?.rt, Gen-
tiles; and fo were their Kings, vntilltheMahumctaneSuperftitionsprcuailcd. There
arc ' vp within the Land, People called ■^isbuti, which are the natural! Nobles of cUfeph.fnd:
this Kingdome, chafed by the Moores totheMountaines, whence they make of- l-i»Jh/,i.i.c.z7^
ten excurfions and fpoyles in the Countrey, and the Cambayanspay them tribute,
that they might liue in peace. Their chiefe Sea-Townes are Daman, Bandora, Cu-
rate, Rauellum, Bazuinum ; and within Land, Cambaia, Madabnr, Campafiel,
Tanaaj&c,

Cambaia hath beHowedthcnameon the whole Kingdome, which they call the'
Indian Cairo, for the excellencie thereof: itftandeth three myles from Indus. The
Tides hccre'' encrcafenot, aswithvs, atthe full, but in the decreafe of the Moone A L.Vertcm,
they are at the higheft. Of this Riucr Indus, Pra/ewf^ and Arr'uwus inhis Pcyifliu of the lib.^.caf,
Erythyea'iSea,rc(.]<oi-i I'euen mouths or entrances into the fca,and Theuet (I know noc
with what Frier-l.kc and Iyer-like boldnefle) nameth fcuen at this day : but Arrianus
faith, in thofe times fi:4 of the feucn wereouergrowne,& but one nauigablc.But Z)/o«;'.
{im,?om^»mm,Sirinho flx\i\ the other Arnaniu which writ the life of Alexander ^zici'^o.
but two vnto it, which is confirmedby the Portugals. ^rrUnpu hath in his eight
Booke largely dcfcribed the Voyage of NeArchus and Onefwritm, from this Riucr a-
bout the coaft into the Pcrhaa Guife, employed by nAlexander the Great. It is not

T £ an



480 Of Cambaia,andthe tiei^hhourin^Nations' Chap, 7.

an hundred and thrcefcorcycarcs fincc Machamut, a Moore, expelled the Guzatat
King.

This Machamut dcferueth mention for one thing, wherein the Sunnc hath fcarcc
beheld his like. Hee foaccuftomed himfelfeto poyfons, that no day paffed wherein
he tookc not foiiie; for clfe he himfelfe had died, faith Btirtfgfn ; as it farcth with Am~
Jf/r«, or 0/)/«w, the vfc whereof killethfuchasneuertooke it, and the difufe, fuch as
haue. And beyond that which wee reade of yl/»rAr/J<«rf/ in the like praftlfe, his Na-
ture was transformed into (o venomous a habit, that if he did meane to put any of his
Nobles to death, hee would caufe them to be fet naked before him, and chewing cer-
taine fruits in his mouth, which they call fhefolos and Tambolos, with lime made of
fhells, by fpitting vpon him, in one halte houre dcpriued him of life : ifa Flie fate rpon
tOd, Earbofa. hi$hand,it would prcfently fall ofFdead. Neither was « his loue to be preferred to his
hatred, or with women was his dealing lefle deadly. For hehadthreeorfourethou-
fand Concubines, of whomnoneliuedtofeeafecondSunne, after hee had carnally
kno wne them. His Muftaches (or hairc of his vpper lippc) was fo long, that he bound
it vpon his head, as women doe with an hairc-lace ; and his beard was white,reaching
toihis wafte. Eueryday whenheearofe, and when hee dined, fiftie Elephants were
brought into thePallace, to doc him reuerence on their knees, accompanied with
Trumpets, and other Mufickc.
f cd.Khodlg. ^aAw Rhodigintu f ir.entions the like of a maid, thus nouriflied with poyfons,
W.I I .M/.i 3 . her fpittle (and other humours comming from her) being deadly : fuch alfo as lay with
her carnally, prefcntly dying. ftAHtcenna. hath alfo a like example of a man, whofc
nature, iufeiled withattrongcrvenomc, poyfoned other vcncmous creatures, if a.
ny did bite him. And when a greater Serpent was brought for triall, he had by the bi-
ting thereof a two-dayes Fcuer ; but the Serpent died : The other did not harme
him.

MamHdiuSftht Succeflbr of King Machamtit,wz% a great enemie to the Portugals.
BadurtHs fucceeded in State and affedion,and exceeded in greatnes and ambition.Hc
g Maff.lib.ii, inuaded s Mandao, and Sanga, where he befiegedCitor.thengouerned by a war-like
woman.which not able to hold out longer againft him,ficd,2nd left the peoples in for-
lorne plight, who in a deJperatrefolution (\\]i.eSAriiai»apa'(ij) heaping vp their Trea-
fures, fet fire thereto, and then caft themfclues thercin.This fire continued three dales,
and confumed threefcore and ten thoufand pcrfons.

Hence Badurifts triumphantly marched againft the Mogor, whom Maffkut ciN
h KelKezMot. \eth Mir amttdlM, (k feemeth tohc Echehars Grand-father, whomfome '> call £<»-
^«rA-4, famous for his Indian viiftories) withanArmie of an hundred and fiftie thou-
fand horfe, whereof thirtie thoufand were barded; andfiuc hundred thoufand foot-
men : of great Brazen Ordinance, a thoufand; whereof foureBafiliskes weredrawne
(fuch was their weight) by fo many hundred yokes of Oxen: with Shot and Powder
hee laded fiue hundred Waynes, and as many with Gold and Siluer, to pay his Soul-
dicrs. Thefe Forces, with this prouifion, might rend the Aire with thunders, might
make the Earth to fhakc with terrour, might dric and drinke vp Riuers of water,
might frame another fieric Element, of Artsinuention, but could not either terrific
the Mogor, or faue Badstntu from a double oucrthrow, firft at Doccri, next at Man-
doa, where he lofeth his Tents and Trcafures, and ftiauing his beard, flccth difguifcd
toDiu, in which, that the Portugals might bee engagedin thefamewarre, heegauc
themleauetoereftaFortreflc: A thing of fuch moment vnto them, that lohn Bote-
Uhs (confined before vnto India, for crimes obiccfted) thought, by being the firft



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 95 of 181)