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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 96 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 96 of 181)
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mefl'enger thereof in Portugall, to purchafe his libcrtie: whereof hee might well be
reputed worthie, whoina little Veflcll, fcarce eighteene foot long, and fixe wide,
with vndaunted courage contemning that wide, long, and tcmpefluous Ocean, arri-
ued with his fmall companic, great ncwes, and greater admiration at Lisbone. Badu-
r/«-j after altering his minde, and therein entertaining a treacherous proiecft againft
i Ckcf.o^c, the Portugals, coloured the fame with kindnefle, and he (which feared all ' men no
lefle then he was feared as gniltie to his owne tyrannic, which fometimc made Dioni.
fm of a King a Bai;bar,and now this,a King of others,and his owne Cooke,trurtingno

man



C H A P 7' ASIA. The fifi ^ooke.



431



man to drefle his meat)aduentured to vifit the Portugal Viceroy in his fliips.jjrofcfllng
great fricndfliip with great difiimulation, and by a meanc Mariner,at his returne was
ilaine; whercupoiuhc whole Iflandfubmittcd it fclfe to the Portugal yoke. And be-
caufc we haue in this Chapter mentioned fo many wonders, let this alfo haue place a-
mong (if not aboue) the reft, which prefently happened k. Whiles the Portugals were
bufie in their buildings, a ccrtaineBengalan ' cametothcGouernour, whichbad ji-
ucd,as he affirmed, three hundred thirtiefiueyearcs. The old men ofthe Country te-
ftificd, That they had heard their anceftors fpeake of his great age, and himfelfe had a
fonne fourefcore and ten yearcs old, and not at ail bookc- learned, yet was a fpcaking
Chronicle of tho(e paflcd times. His teeth had fometimes fallen out, others growing
jn their places ; and his beard, after it had bcenc very hoarie, by degrees returned into
hiiformer blackneiTe. About an hundred yearcs before this time he had altered his Pa-
gan Religion into the Arabian or Moorifh. For this his miraculous age.the Sultans of
Cambaia had allowed him a ftipend to liuc on, the continuance of which hcc now
fought, and did obtaine of the Portugals.

^W';«»w«(^»>/<',Succc{rourto 5rf^//m«, fought with all his forces to driucthcfc new
Lords out of Diu, as Solyman had done before.by a Nauic and Armie lent thither.but
both'in vainc : of which VVarres, DamtMue k Goa "> hath written diucrs Commenta-
ries. But this whole Countrcyis now fubiedto the Mogor. \x.^a=,,k\ Alexanders
time peopled by the y1^*i/J^t»/,5'<'^rd:,or5<«^r4(r<<,rr-<«i?rf, and 5<«»^4«f^,asOr/f/»/« hath
placed them, where Alexander (as in diuers other places he Iiad done) erefled a Citie
of his owne name, called Alexandria. Daman, anotherKey of thisBay, and entrance
of the Riuer Indus into the S. a, fell to the Portugals fliarc.

The Land of Cambaia " is the fruitfullefl in all India, which caufeth great trafficke
of Indians,PortugaIs,Perfians, Arabians, Armenians, &c. The ^«^<2r<jw, or Cam-
baians, arc the fubullcft Merchants in alllndia. They haue » amongft them many
\{\^o^\c%o'i DaripuznA AleXAtider, which fometimc were Lords of this Indian Pro-
uince. The Portu<»als P haue at diuers times conquered diuers ofthe chiefe Towncs in
thisKin^dome.fo^-ncwhcrcofthcykcepcftill. Thewomen in Diu, by arte die their
teeth bla°ckc, eftccaiingthcmfelues <o much the more beautifull,and therefore go with
their lippes o en, to fhew the blackncflc of their teeth, drawing away the coucrof
their lippes, as if they werelipieflc, giuing thepnx,* of "BtAUtie to a double deformity,
blacknefle, and a mouth O he!l:fhi»ide. When a Cambaian dicth,they burne his body,
and diQnbutc the afliei vnto the fourc Elements (of which man confiHeth) part to the
Firc,part to the Aire, to the Water alfo and Earth their due portions, as Ballji hach ob-
fcrued.The wiucs arc burned with their huibands,being addrcflcd thereunto in pom-



k Mttf. HiUdfi
Jnd. lib.M.
1 This fame
man appeared
before Sol^^,^
the Turfciiti
General, ac
the iieee of
Diu.

yjfg. divn CO'
mite P'-eiietiang,
Nic. dt Cimti
faith he fa w si
Bt.mine thicc
hundred vcar^
old.

m Dam a Coe^
op.Di. & belt'.
Camii,



n Lmfihit



o Od. Sarbefi.

p CatarduiAr-
thuiHiH. Indite.
Orient, cap. 23.
UMi caf,v%.



pous attire.

- Six Leagues from Decan is a Hi!!, out of which the Diamond is taken. This hill is

jccpt with a Garrifon, and walled about.

Garcias ab Ilorto thus writeth i, That about three hundred ycares before his time,
amightieKingintheKingdomeof Dcly,depriued the Gentiles ofthe Kingdomeof
Baiaguate. At the fame time the Moorcs difpoffcfl'cd the •'R(ubr4ti of Cambaya.Thefc
Heishutt in Cambaya (once the Naturall Lords) and the Venez-aras and Codes, of like
condition in Balaguate.to th s da^ excrcife robberies in thofe parts : theKingdomc of
Decan to thefe, and to the firft the Kingdome of Cambay.i, paying tribute, to be freed
from the fame. And tlie Kings fuftcr them, that they may (hare with them. The King-
dome of Dely is Northerly, fubicd to cold and frotis, as in Europe, The Mogors had
poflciTed this Kingdome, but a ccrtaineBengalan (rebelling againft his Mafter) flew
him, vfurped his State, and by force of warre added this alfo to his Dominion; he was
called XahoUm '. This King made his fifters fonne f his Succcfibr, who was much
addided to Foreiners : he diuided his Kingdome into twelue parts,or Prouinces,ouer
which he fet fo many Captaincs : Idalcam, from Angidana to Cifarda : from thence to
Ncgatona,^'*'*'*'''^^''" Ouer Baiaguate, or the vp-HillCountrcy (for Balaln the
Perfian Lan^ua^c fignifieth the toppe, and CJuate a Hill) ImadrKalnco, and Catalm4-'
lMco,2nAV'erido.tcc.

Theic all rcbelkd,and captiued Daquem their King at Ceder,thc chiefe Gitie of De-

T t 2 can.



q Grac.abHsf.
10. hifl I'iant,
lil/.i. wp.iS,



is, Lord ofthe

World.

f Vaquem.



481 OfCamhaiajafidthenei^hhotirhi^Nat'tonS' Chat.j.

can, and (hared hisKingdomc amongft thcmfelues.and fomc Gentilcs.partneis in the
confpiracie. They were all forcincrs but 7v{/s:./t»K<?/«c(?. Thisand the other names,bc-
fore mentioned, were titles of honor giiien them, with their Officcs,by the Kino, cor-
rupted by the vulgar in pronouncing. Idalcam is ^del-ham. ^Adel in the Pcrfian
Language, figmfieth7«i?/c? ; HAm is the Tartarian appellation, fignifying a Prince
or King (which namemight well be the Rcliques of theTartarian ConqueHs in thofc
t lof.Scd.,de parts) lo Adelham\s,Kwgof luHice. Nez.11 in the Perfian (which Scaliger t faith is
jLmend.tcmp. of like extent in theEallj'as Latinein theWeft) is a Launce: CMaluco fignifieth the
''*■'• Kingdomc. Ar<f:i-<,or?N(;i.<i'»^/«<^«'.thcSpe3rc orLaunceof theKingdome, SoCffM

fW4/»cffthcTcwerof the Kingdome, /w<?«/w4/«rtf,»the Throne of the Kingdcme.&c.

T<liz,ama[uce is alfo called Niz^amixa : which Xa, or Scha, is a Pcrfian title ( fignify-
u iaf.Scal.Citn. jng u as c5J/tf»/«(;«rin France, l^o;; inSpaine) and giucn by //5wW the Sophi,and 7~/i.
Jfagjib-i. f„^ his fonnc, to all thofe Kings that would communicate in their Sed, which Ni.

z,amox4 onely yceldcd to. Other of them made fliew, but foone recanted. Thus farrc

% LVtrtM.A. The Religion in Cambaia is partly Mooriflijpartly Heatheaifh. V ertomanmu * 1$

author, that they worfliip not Idols, or T.tj^o^w.Ochers report, That this way, sndo-

yUman.V'm»tr. thcrs, they are exceeding religioufly denoted. They obferue a ftridtk ndcof y fafting,

B^W faith at whichlartcth with fomc eight dayes, with others hfteenc, twentie, or thirtie dayes : in
other times ^jj ^vhich fpace they eatc not a bit ; onely, when they thirl^, drinkc water. One could
they cate but ^^^ j-^^ whtn to make an end of this his penance, till his left eye fell out of his head, as
day. CaV.iO. both had done before out of his heart. InCambaiathcy hzi one Brnmenem fuch re-
putation of hohncfTc and honor, thatthey would faiute him before they mcdied with
their worldly affaires. One affirmed to this lefuit, That \i h\% Bran:e»e fliould com-
mand him to diftribute all his goods to the poorc, he would doe it, yea, he would lay
do wne his life at his command,
z An.Vo.i'ifi, On the eight day of lamarie J, in that Citie, were giuen in almes twentie thoufand
Pardawcs (which is in value about a Flemifh Dollar;) one man had giuen fiue thou-
fand thercof,another three thoufand,flnother fifteene hundred.Thc caufe was,becaufe
that day (as their "Bramenes affirmed) the Sunne departed from Sur to Hortc. Of their
Pilgrimages is fpoken before; fome Eaftward to Ganges ; fome Weft ward to Mecca,
to wit, the Moorcs ; not men alone, but women alio : and becaufe^/.»/!><»»;i?f hath for-
bidden all vnmarried women this holy iourncy, they will marrie before they fet forth,
and diflblue the fame marriage againc,after their rcturnc. Hereby they thinke to put-
chafe merit with God.

I went one day ( faith Pimertu ) to the publike Hofpitall, which the Citizcnj of
Cambaia had founded for all kmdcsof Birds, to cure them in their hckncde. Some
Pcacockes were there incurable, and therefore michthauebccnc expelled the Hofpi-
tall. But(alackcforpitieof foruefull an accident) a Hawke had beenc admitted thi-
ther for the cure of his lame leggc, which being whole, he inhofpitally flew many of
thcfc co-hofpitall weaker Fowles,'and was therefore expelled this Bird-Colledge
by the Mafter thereof. For men they had not an Hofpitall, that were thus hofpitall to
Fowles.
a TheRclici- They hauccertaincReligiouspcrrons.calledrifrfr^ '.which line inaColledgeto-
ousinCam- gcthcr,and when 1 went to their Houfc.thcy were about fiftie in number. They ware
bata, Pmncr. white cloth,were bare- headed. and fhauen ; ifthat word might be applied to then, who
pull off their haire on their heads and faces.lcauing only a little on their Crowne.They
liue ona!mes,norreceiue they butthefiirplufageof the dailyfood of him that giucth
them.They are wiuelefle.The Orders of their Sccft are written in a booke of the Guza-
rates writing. They drinkc their water hot, not forPhyficke, but dcuotion,fupporing
that the water hath a foule, which they fhould flay, if they dranke the fame vnfodden.
For the fame caufe they bcare in their hands certaine little bruflics, with which they
fweepe the floorc,beforc thy fit downe,or walkc,Ie(t they fhould kill the foule ot fonne
Worme, or other fmall creature. I faw their Prior thus doing.

The Gcnerall of this Order is faid to haue an hundred thoufand men vnder his ca.
nonicall obcdiencc,and is newly chofen euciy yeare.I faw amongft them little-boyes,

of



C H A p .7« ASIA. The fift 'Booh.



4H



c OnefiaUui
reportcth the
like of the
Cynnofo-
phifts.



of eight or nine ycares old, refembling the coumenances of Europe, rather then of
India, by their patents confecratcd to this Order. They had all in their mouth a cloth
fourefinoers broad, let thorow both their cares in a hole, and brought backc againe
thorow their cares. They would notfhewmcthecaufc; but Ipcrcciued it was, left
fome gnat or fl;c fhould enter thither, and fo be flainc. They teach that the world was
made many hundred thoulandyeares agoe : and that God did then fend three and
twentie Apoftlcs, and novrhath fcnt the foure and twentieth in this third age, two
thoufand ycares lincc, from which time they haue had writing, which before they

had not. ■ .

The fame *> Author in another tpiftle faith, That the moft of the Inhabitants of b Bm.?mtK
Cambaia are BramAnes. They eat no flefti, nor kill any thing, yea they redeeme beafts
and birds maimed or ficke,and carry them to their hofpitals to be cured. In Guzzarae
hchad fccne many G**^/^*, a religious order of Monks.which yceld to none in Penance
and Pouertic. They goe naked in cold weather : they flecpc on the dung-hils vpon an ^
heape of afliesj with which they couer their head and face. I faw the place where one
of thefe Gioghi kept in the midd eft of the Qtie Amadeba, to whom,in conceit of ho~
Jineflc.reforted more numbers ofpcople,then to the fhores of Lisbone, at the rcturnc
of the Indian Fleet.This Gioghi was fent for by the Prince Sultan Aforad,[onne of the
CMofor and refufcd to come, <: bidding that the Prince fliould come to him: Itise-
noHghthat lamholy,otiiSimttothu end. Whereupon, the Prince caufcd him to be
apprehended, and (being foundly whipped) to be banifhed.

This people killeth not their kinc,but nourifheth them as their mothers.I faw at A-
madeba, when a cow was ready to dic,they offered her frefh graffe,and drauc the flics
from her : and fome of them gaue this attendance two or three dayes after,till fhc was
dead. A league and a halfc from this Citie, I faw a ccrtainc Camiterittm or burying-
place, then which I bad ncuerfecne a fairer fight, wherein had bcene buried one Ca.
*ftf, the Maftetof aKing of Guzarat,whohadere£icd this Fabrike, and three other
were buried in another Chappell. The whole worke and pauement was of Marble,
containing three Ilcs.in one whereof,! told fourehundrcd and fortiepillars,with their
chapiters and bafesofCoririthianwotkc, very royall and admirable. On one fide was
a lake, greater then the Rox.x.io at Lisbone ; andthat building was curioufly framed
with fairc windowcs, to looke Into the lake.

"Balbi telleth of a cci tainc Temple at Cape Bombain, not farrt from Chaul,which is
cutout of a rockc:ouer the faid Temple grow many Tamarinds,and vnder it is a fpring
of running water, whereof they can finde nobottomc. It is called AUftmte, is adorned
with many Images, a receptacle of Bats, and fuppofed the worke of tAlcx»nitr the
Great, as the Period of his Percgrmation. And hereto agreeth the report oiArrtAnut
in his <* Perifhu, of many meraonalls and monuments of ^lexandtrs Expedition to i Arrhn.Venf,
thcfeparts.asoldChappells, Altars, Campmg-p]aces,and great Pits. Thefehe men- JUar.Erjth.
tioncch about Minnagara, which Ortelitu in his Mappe pliceth here-away.

Linjcheten « affirmeth the fame things of their Pythagorean trrour.and addeth that e tinfch.cAy.
they fometimcs buyfowles or other beafts of the Portugals, wlaich meant tb haue Andreadrfal},
drcffcd them , and let them flie or runnc away . In the high.wayes alio and woods
theyfet pots withwater.and caftcorneorothergrauievpon the ground, to feed the
birds andbeafts And (to omittheircharitablcHofpitalls before mentioned) if they
take a flea or a loufc, they will not kill it, but put it in fome hole or corner in the wall^
and fo let it goe : and you can doe them no greater iniurie, then to kill it in their pre-
fence, which with all entreatie they will refift, as being a hainous finnc, t'6 take away
the life of that, to which God hath imparted both fouie and bodie ; and where wor<^
will not preuatle, they will offer money. They eatc no Radifties, Onyons,Garlike,or
any kindc of herbe.that hath red colour in it, nor egges, for they thinke there is bloud



any

in them. They drinke not wine, nor vfe vincger.bnt onely water. They would rather
ftarue, then eat with any.but their countrcy-men: as it happened when I failed from
Goa to Cochin with them in a Portugal fhippc, when they had fpent all their (tore,-
the time falling out longer then they made account of; they would not once touch
ourmeat. They waLhthemfelueseucty time they eatc, or cafe themfelues, or make

T t 3 water.



484



Of the Indian Nations j^s-c* Chap, 8.



c Od.BMbefa,



water. Vnder their hairc they hauc a ftarrc vpon their foreheads.which they rub cuc-
ric morning with a little vvhite fanders tempered with waier.and three or foure graines
ofRicc among it, which the Bramarses alfo doc as a fuperflitious ceremo^ic oftheit
law. They fit on the ground in their houfcs, vpon mattes or carpets, and To they cate,
leauing their ftaues (which are piked and hooked) atthedoorc: for which caufe the
hceles of their fiioocs are feldome pulled vp, to faue labour of vndoing them.

TheMoores « amongft them will fomctimcsabufe thcfupetftition of thefc Cam-
bayans to their ownc couetoufncffe, bringing fome Worme, Rat, or Sparrow, and
thteatningtokillthe fame, fo to prouoke them to rcdeeme the life thereof at feme
highpricc. And likewifc if a malefactor be condemned to death, they will purchafc
his life of the Magiftratc, and fell him for a flaue. The Moores will fomctimes make
femblance, asif they would kill themfclues, that thefe foolifh ^w-t-s^r^rw may fee
them in like fort. They will goe out of the path, if they light on an Ant-hill, lelhhey
might happily treade on fome of them; they fuppe by day-light, left their candle-
light fiiouldoccifion the death of fome gnatorflie. And when they mult needs vfc
a candle, they keepc it in a lanthornc for that caufe. If lice doe much annoy them,thcy
call to them certaine religious and holy men, after their account: and thefc Obferuants
f will take vpon them all thofe lice which the other can findc, and put them on their
head, there to nouriHitbcm. But yet for all this /o^/rVfcruplc, they ftickcnotatcoufi-
nage by falfc weight*, meafurcs and coyne, nor at vfuiie and lies.

Some are faid s to be fo zealous in their Idol-fcruice,as to facrifice their liues in their
honor; whcrcunto they arc pcrfvvaded by the preachings of their Pricfts, as the molt
acceptable deuotion. Many offer themfelues, which behig brought vpon afcaffold,
after certaine cercmonicj.put about his neckc an iron coUer, round without,but with-
in very (harpe: from whichhangethachaincdownc his brcaft,into which, fitting
dovvne he putteth his feet, and whiles the Prieft rnuttereth certaine words, the partie
before the people with all his force flretcheth out his feet, and cuts off his head ; their
reward is, that they arc accounted Sainti.



f The like lovv-
fie tricke is le-
ported in the
Legend of S.
TrumiSy and in
the life of ig'
uel'iM, of one
of theHrft le-
fuitical pillars,

g •2^, di cent.




a G'.tot, ten.

Mafttb.i.

Linpb't.lib.l.



Chap. VIH.

of the Indian TQtiom betwixt CamhaitAnd UHaUhaty
and their Religions.

fc^fHe mighticRiucrs oi Indus and Ganges, paying their fine to the Lae^e
ofvfAttrs, the Ocean, almoft vnder the very tropike of Cancer Aot (as
it were) betwixt their waterie arnresprefent into that their /Wa//)fr/
bofome this large ^ifc?r/iaf/i«; A Countrey, full of Kingdomes, ri-
ches, pcoplc,and (our duefttaske) /ajj^r/if/now c«/?(»iwif/. As Italy is
diuided by the tyipe»»i»e, fo is this by the hills which they call Gdte,
quite thorow to the Cape Com«ri, which not onely haue entred league with many in-
lets of the fea, to diuide the foile into many Signories and Kingdomes, but witli the
Aire and Natures higher officer$,to difpenfe with the ordinarie ordcrs,and cflabliflied
ftatutes of Nature, » at the fame time, vnder the fame eleuation of the Sunne, diuiding
to Summer and Winter their feafons and poflcffions. For whereas Cold is banifhed
out of thefc Countries (except on the toppes of fome hills) and altogether prohibited
to approch fo neerc the Court and prefence of the Sunne ; and therefore their Winter
and Summer is not reckoned by heate and cold, but by the fairenefTe and foulenefle of
weather, which in thofe parts diuided the yeatc by equall proportions: at the fame
time, when on the Weft-par: of this /'*»<»/«/««, betweene that ridge of Mountaincs
and the Sea, it is after their appellation Summer, which is from September till Jprtll, in
which time it is alwaics clear sky,without once(or very little)raining;on the other fide
the hills, which they call the coaft of Choromandell, it is their Winter ; en cry day and
night yeekiing abundance of raines, befides thofe terrible thunders.which both begin
and end their Winter. And from /ipnll i\ll September, in a contratie yiciffitude, on the

Wefternc



Chap, 8. ASIA. Theffi'Booh: "'- i^gy



Wcftcrne part is wintcr.and on the Eaflcrn fummcr ; inromuch that in little more then
twcntic leagues iourney in fome place,as where they crofTe the hills to S'. ThomAS^ on
the one fide of the hiil you afcend with a faire fummcr,on the other you defcei.d atten-
ded with a ftormic winter. The like.faith Z/«/cA«/f»,hapncth at the Cape RojaUate in
Arabia,and in many otlier places of the Eaft.

Their Winter alio is more fierce then ours, cuery man prouiding aoa'nft the fame
as if he had a voyage of fomany raoneths topalfe by Sea, their fhippcs arc brought
into harbour, their houfes ran fcarce harbour the inhabitants againft the violent
ftormcs, whichchoake theRiuers with fands, and make the Seas vnnauigable. I
leaue the caufes of thefc things to the further fcanningof Philofophers ; the effcds
«nd affe6ts thereof arc ftrangc. The Sea roareth wi:h a dreadful! noyfe : the Windes
blowc vvitha certainecourfcfrom thence : the people haue a melancholikc feafon
which they paflc away with play. IntheSummcrthe Wiude bloweth from the land,
beginning at Midnight, and continuing till Nconc, ncuer blowing abouc tennc
leagues into the Sea, and prefently after one of the clocke vntill midnight, the contra-
rie winde bloweth, keeping their fct-times , whereby theymakc the Land temperate
the hcatcothcrwife would be vnmeafurablc. But this change commonly caufechdi-
fcafe$,Fluxcs,Feucrs,Vomitings,in dangerous (and to very many, in deadly) manner,
asappeareth at Goa, where, in the Kings Hofpitall (which is onely for white men)
there die fiuc hundred in a yeare. Here you may fee both the North and South Stars ;
and little difference ornonc is found in the length of day and night throughout the
ycarc.

Dely is the next Kingdomc to Cambaia.now not the next.but the fame; the moun-
taines which before diuided it, not prohibiting the Mogors forces to annexe it to his
Cro wne. Of it is fpoken before in the Chapter of Cambaya , as alfo of Decan, which
lycth along the coaft,betwixt theRiuers Bate and Aliga two hundred and fiftie miles.
Here liwasjas is faid.lometime a Moore King; who, leading a voluptuous and idle b Ghsot.seit
life, by his Captaincs was difpoflcffed of his State : the one of thcfe was called Ida/- Girdts ab
*v«» : whofe feat royall is Vifaporc, who in the yeare 1571. incampcd before Goa, Hortal.xcin.
which the Porrugals had taken from him.with an Armie of Icucnty thoufand foot and ^'"fi^"'-^'*
fiue and thirtiethoufandhorfe^ two thoufand Elephants, and two hundred and fiftie
peeces of Artilleric. The other viisNiz,z,amal/»cco, which refideth inDanaget, and
befiegcd Chaul,with not much leffe forccs,againft a Captaine of the Venazary .which
are a'pcople that luc on fpoilc,as the Resbuti in Cambaia.thc Belemi in Delly.Canara
orConcam.feemethtohauebccneapart ofDecan, but is poffcfled by the Kingof
Narfinga.whofeftateison the Eaft fide of the Mountaincs. It hath in it the Coaft-
townes ofOnor.Batticalla.Mayander and Mangalor,<: famous for traffique,but edip- ^ ii„n
fed by the Portugals neighbourhood. In thele parts fometiines raigned a Bcngalan '' ' ' ■ '

Prince.which diuided his ftate among his Captains,which originally for the moft part
were Slaues.that he might eafe himfelfeofthe cares of Goucrncment. And as he im-
parted to them great places ; fo did he likewife honourable names,'' calling one hUI. 1 y^jr . ''
fi«»;,whichfigniheththeKingofiurtice;anotherT^//iw<z/«f(ri?, that is, the Spearcof
theKingdome ; another Cotamalucco, the ftrength of the Kingdomc; another Imade-
malucco^iht pillar of the Kingdome ; another Mtlique ZJertde, ihe keeper of the Kin<'-
dome,&c. But he that fhould haue beene the keeper of the Kingdomc, was made the
keeper of the King.whom thcfe his flaues and Officers by ioynt confpiracie had taken
prifoncratBider.hixchiefctowne ; the countrey ofDecan falling to thofe two which
are before named,and the reft to the reft.

Goa= is the feat oftheViceroy,andofthe Arch-Bifhop,andofthe Kings Counfell _^._
for the Indies.and the Staple ofall Indian commodities. It ftandcth in a littlclland, rcade^rrt
called Tiz.z,Mari». nine miles long,and three broad. Bardes on the Nort h^nd Salz.ette m^.ind c.i^.dr
are both in like fubicdiion to the Portugals; the King letting them to farme, and em- Linfchot. 1
ploying the rents to the payment of the Arch-Bifhop,Cloyttcrs, Pricfts, Viceroy, and
other his Officers. Salfette is nine miles from Goa, being a Peninfula twentie miles a-
bout.contayning fixtie fixe villages ortownes,and about fourefcorc thoufand Inha- •^'•f^^%''»».
bitants.giuen by /<i«t/f<i« to the Portugals. Antonins Narognai^t Viceroy deftroycd

therein



^.86 Of the Indian Nations ^<urc» C H a p . 8,

therein two hundred Temples, fomeof them fumptuous i j 67. and many Pagodes^
which caufed them to rebcll, and afterwards they flew fomc of the Icfuites and their
companic.

There dwell in Coa of all Nations and Religions. The Goucrnement is as in Por-
tugall. Only publiquc vfe of forrcinc ReUgion is forbidden them : but in their houfts



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 96 of 181)