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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 97 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 97 of 181)
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priuately,or on the maine land, they may pra6^ife the fame. The Portiigalls many of
them are married with Indian womcnjand their poflcritic are called MeHieos, and ia
the third degree , differ noihmg in colour and faftaion from uaturall Indians. Ofthe
PortugalU they reckon two fort$,married men and fouldier$,which is a general name
to all BacheIlers,although they are at their own command.Of thcfe arc many knights,
and are called C<»«/<//'i(??-oF*W<i/^«; for ifa man doe any thing worth reckoning, prc-
fently his Captaineimparteth this honour to him; whereof they much boaff thcm-
fducs.albcitthat this Knight-hood had defcendedto Cookcs boycs. Many of the
Portugalls Hue onely by their flaues. They vfe great ccremonie or pride ( which you
tLinp,x.c.i8. will call it) in their behauiouri.ihc particulars whcrcoflctfZ;«/(/?»/f», that there li-
*?.30j3'>3»' ucdamongilthem,teachyou.

Bcfides both Abaffme and Armenian Chriftians,Tewes,and Moorci, here are many
Heathens. ThcMoores cate all things but Swincs flcfh, and dying are buried likethe
Icwes. The Hein\icas,zs Deca»ijm,Guz^rates,ind C«»4n)w,are burnt to aflics.and
fome women aliue arc buried with the Gentlemen or Bramencs, their hoibands.Sotn
will cate nothing that had hfe; fome all but the flcfh ofKine,orBuffles. Moft ofthein
pray to the Sunnc and Moone : yet all acknowledge a God that made all things, and
ruleththem,aftcr this life rendring to all according to their workes. As for the Idols
Sd,c,iii or Pa£ddes,thcy worfliip them,faith B<*/^/,euen as we adore in the Lnages that which

theyrcprcfcntvntovs. A good Argument forlmage-worfliip.

But they haue P/igodes ^which are Images cue and framed moft vgly, and like mon-
ftrous Diucl$,to whom they pray and offer : and to Saints which here haue lined holy,
and arc now interceflbrs for them. The DiucU oficn anfwcrcththem outofthofe Ima-
BalbxAi, ges,to whom alfo they offer,that he fliould not hurt them. They prefcnt their PagoJt
(when a marriage is to be folcmnized)withthe Brides mayden- head; two of her nee-
reft kinfewomen forcing her vpon the luoriepinnc or member or ftonc( leaning the
bloud there for monument) of that DiucUifh Idol! ; the husband herein applauding

' " ~ .which




name

• prayvnto

the firft thing they mecte w'ithall in the morning, and all that di.y after they pray vnto

it ; be it Hogge,or any other thing. But if they firft meete with a Crow (wherof there

arc great ftore) they will not f^r any thing ftirre out againc that day.aftcr fo vnluekiea

figne. They pray likewile to the New Moone, fainting her firft appearcanee on their

knees. They haue legos or Hcrmitcs.reputed very holy .Many luglcrs alfo & Witches,

which fhew diueUifh trickes. They ncucr goe forth without praying, Euery hill,

cliffe,hole,or dennchath his Pagodes in it,with their furnaces hard by them, and their

Ciftemes alwayes fullof water, with which cucry one, that paflcth by, wafhetb his

fcetc.and then wor(hippeth and offereth Rice.Eg'ges, or what elfc their deuotion will

afford : which the Bramenc eateth. When they are to goe to Sea , they will fcaft their

P^^««(ewithTrumpets,Fires,andhangiHgs,fourteenedaycs before they fet forth, to

•DonVuartds obtainea good voyage: and as longafteriheirrcturne; which they vfe to doe in all

Menc'^es.Ue their fcafts,m3rriageschilde-births,and their harueft and fccd-feafons.. I hauefecnc

fummeththe in M^//w^^/«««/ hands a large Treatife written by De»'D*«r/^//^«(r«,f/ of thecu-

^arv'at°eDfes ftomes.Courts,Officers,cxpcnfes,and other rcmarkeableobferuations.for knowledge

o"he^Po«"ir ofthe Portu gall ftate and affaires in the Eaft Indic\ He faiih that the I land Tifoare (fo

India, at he writeth it) in which Goa ftandeth,hath thirtie two to wncs and villages thcrin. The

1J4199 li.j fl^. icfuites Colledgc in Salfete cnioyeth ^ the rents before belonging to the Pagodft,

It a.ob. being two hundred andfiftie pound yearly ,bc(ides their glcbe-landb of Rice-grounds,

Ll"church«s. and other commodities rajfo the parifties fubicft to them are worth two hundred

5"^. * niiKtie eight pounds and fixtccnc fhiUings. In Goa they rccciue fcuen hundred and

fifteenc



C H A P.9. ASIA. Thefift 'Booke:



4S7



fiftcenc pound tweluc {hillings and fixe pence fer ann. and their yeaiely prelcnc; a-
iDOuntto threehundredfeuentiefiuc pound. In Cochin alfothcy haue three hundred
thirticfcucn pound. TheMonaftcricofSf.Fr-*<jf« in Goa hath rents fixe hundred and
thirtecncpoundand ten (hillings, and one hundred fortic three pound tweluc Hiil-
Jings and fixe pence in other duetics. The Dominicans receiue fine hundred pound, and
fourcfcorc and ten pound in other rights. The Friers of S^ eyiuguUir.e fourelcorc
pound twejue (hillings and fixe pence. The Inquifition one hundred three pound and
ten (hillings (befidcs the rents ofthe Hofpitall one thoufand eight hundred feucncie
fiuc pound, and an Almes-houfc for Widowes and Orphans two hundred and fiftie
pound.) Thefc things I thought worthy rcl3tion,not fo much to fatisfie the curious,as
to anfvver the ordinarie bragges of that world-wandring generation,pretending mor-
tification to the world, ftri<5tne(re of their vow,Ioue to religion, and compafsion to the
poorc Pagans ; when as they haue fvih golden chaines to draw them thither. Whcre-
unto if we adde the bountie of Chriftians in thofe parts vnto thefe pretended-holy fa-
ihcrs.theirgainsfromthepcarle.fifliings, the vowes' offuch as become ofiheir focic- i SeeLwftht.
tic,and many other wayes accruing to their coffers, together with thofe nouclties and m tbc flory of
rarities, wherwith eucry fcnfe in varietie is here prcfented ; we may fee the rvor/d^'i'uf- ^' ^'f^^"ry&c,
ficient argument to lead them about the world.whatfocuer other pretences notwith- •'•''9*-
ftanding. But this hath beene learnedly handled againft them hy others alreadie : a-
mongft others and before others,ourMofiReuerend and learned Metropolitan inz/w.
wrf/i^/w^f/;^ r?<»/owof///VlfforPoperie hath (hewed both this our///// to be an igno- hrchh.^bbiita.
rantMountcbanke.and our lefuitcsin India rather enrichcrs of theirowne focietie in gainftH</lf.
Europe with golde.pearle.fpicc.and other hidian wares, then of thofe Afian Profelites ^**^''" 4- & U
with found Europzan Chrilhanitie. For me,whac I can fhew againft this their allega-
tion,belongeth to another taskc.




Chat. IX.
ofti>c Indian Bramems, Camrijnsfiorumhijns and Decanijrts.

^^^I^^^He Indian Heathens haucacuftomc, thatnoman may change his fa. Lhifihat^
therstradcjbutmuftfucccdin thcfamc, andmarrya wifealfoof the
fame Tribe. The Brachmanni,or,as they are at this day called.thc Bra-
menes (who haue their (hops.as well as other MerchantSjthroughouc
the Cities) are ofbefl reputation, and wcare in fignc of their profcfli-
on (from the fliouldercrofTevnder the armc, vpon their naked bodie,
downc to the girdle) three firings like fealingthreeds: which for their Hues they will
iot.nor may by their vow put off. They are naked, fauing that about their middles
they haue a cloth bound to hide their priuities. And fometime when they go abroad,
they caft a thinnc gowne ouer them. Vpon their heads they weare a white cloth,
wound twice or thrice about therewithjto hide their haire, which they ncuer cuco^
butwearcitlong.and turned vp as the women doe. They haue commonly hanging
it their eares, gold-rings. They are very fubtiie in writing and accounts , makingo-
thcr fimple Indians beleeue what they will. Whatfocucr they mcete firfi with in the
ftrcets,they pray to all day after.

When the Bramenes die,' all their friends aiTcmble togethcr,and make ahole in the a Ceremonies
groundjin which they throw much fweetwoodjfpices rice, corne,andoyle. Then lay ac the death of
therein the dead bodic ; his wife foUoweth with mufickc, and many of her ncercft aBramenc.
friends, finding praifes in commendation of her husbands life, encouraging her to fol-
low him.which accordingly fhc doth. For,parting her jewels among her ttiends,with
a cheerefull countenance fhee leapes into the fire, and is prcfently coucrcd with wood
and oyle,whercby fhe is quickly dead , and with her husbands bodie burned to afhes.
And if it chanccth (which is feldome) that any woman refufeth tWisfieyie comu>iUion ,
they cut the haire cleanc off from her head ; ney ther may fhc after that weare a jewel!,
but is accounted a difhoneft woman. This cultomc is (as may appeare) very ancient,

and



488 Of the Indian 'Br ameneSj<urc. Chap.9.

and fuppofcd to hauebecne ordained, becaufc pfthe libidinous difpolicion of the In.
dian womcn,which for their lufti would poy fon their husband?.

The Bramenesobfcruefafting-daycs with fo great abftinencc, that theycatc no-
thing that day,ar)d fometimc not in three or foure dayes together. They tell many mi-
racles of their P-s^Ci^f/, Theyholdethcimmortalitieof thcfouic, both of beaftsand
mcn.and jhat fo often mentioned Pythagorean fucccflion.and remiing ofmens foulcs
inbcafts; andcontrarivvife. They by the dire>Stion of the Diuell( the author ofthcir
miracles) frame fuch deformed ftatues to their Idols.

The Indian women in Goa, when they goc forth.haue but one cloth about their bo-
dicSjWhich couercth their heads, andhangeth downe to the knees , otherwifc naked.
They hauc rings thorow their nofes> about their legges, toes, neckes, and armes, and
fcuen or eight bracelets vpon their handes (according to their abilitie) of glalTc or o.
ther mettall. When the woman is feuen years o]de,and the man nine,thcy marrie.buc

b RJitth. come not together till the woman is able to beare chMienM'.Fitcb ment:oneth ''the
folemnitic of thefc marriages, and the caufe to be the burning of the mother when ihc
father is de ad,that they might haue a father-in-law to bring them vp.

To leaue Goa with this Hand. The Canaras and Decanijns weare their beards and
hairelong,v\ithoutcutting,astheBramenes. They except fromfoodeKine,Hogges,
and Buffles. They account the Oxe,Cowc,orBuffle to be holy,which they hauc com-
monly in the houfe with them, and they bcfmcere, ftrokcand handle them with all
friend{liipinthcworld;fcede them with the f»mc meate thayeate themfelues; and
when the beafts cafe themfelucs^theyholdevnderthcir handes, and throw the dung
away : they flecpe with them in their houfes, hereby thinking to doc God feruite, la
other things they are as the Bramenes.For thofe arc the Laitie thefc are the Spiritualty.
When they take their oathes, they are fet within a circle of afhes , on the paucmcnti
and laying a few afhcs on their hcads,thc other on their brcalh.fwcare by thcitT./gs.
ties to tell the truth.

The Csnarijns and the Corumbijns are the ruftickes , and countrcy-husbandmen,
thernoftmifcrablepeoplcofalllndia: their Religion IS much as the other. They co-
ueronely^theirpriuities,and catcall things except K!ne,Oxcn,BuffIcs,Hogs,an(i Hens
flefh. Theirvvomen binde a cloth about their Nauell, which rcacheth halfe way the
thigh : they ire dcliucred alone by thcmfclues,without other hclpc : their children art
brought vpnaked.till they be feuen or eight yearcsolde, without any trouble about
them,except wafliing them in a little colde water, and liuctobcan hundred ycares
oldc,vvithout head ache or loflc of tccth.They nourifli a tpftc of hairc on their crowns,
cutting the reft. When the man is dead,the wife breaketh her glafle-jewxls, snd cuE-
«h ofFher hairc ; his bodic is burnt. They catc fo little, as if they liued' 1^^ the ayre :
and for a pcnnic would endure whipping.

In Salfctte are two Templcs.or holes rather oiTagedes^rcnowned in all India ; one
of which iscut from vnder a hill, of hard ftone, and is of eompafle within, about the
bigneflcofa Village of foure hundred houfes: with many Galleries or Chambers of
thefc deformed fhapcs,one higher then another, cut out of the hard rocke. Thci e arc
in all three hundred of thefe Galleries. The other is in another place, of like matter
and forme. It would make a mans hairc ftandvpright to enter amongft them. In a lit-
tle Hand called Pory,thcrc ftandcth a high hili,on the top whereof is a hole, that go.
eth downe into the hill,diggcd and carued out of the hard rocke ; within, as large as a
great Cloyrter, round befet with fhapci of Elephants, Tygres, Amazons, ando;hcr
like.workemanly cutfuppofed tobcthe Chinois handy-worke. But the Portugalls
haue now ouerthrowne thefe Idol-Tcmplcs. Would God they had not let new Idols
in the roome; with like praftife of offerings and Pilgrimages, as did thefc to their
Pagod.'s.

c Linfchot. ionce <= went into a Temple of ftonc, in a Village, and found nothing in ic, but a

great Tabic chat hung inthe middle of the Church,with the Image of a Fagodeth^t-
on paintedjhellifhlydi'ifigured with many homes, long teeth outofthe mouth down
to the knees,and beneath his nauell with fuch another tusked and horned face, Vpon
the head Hood a triple crownc, not much vniikcthc Popes. It hung before a wall,

which



/



Ch A P.9- ASIA. 'Thefift 'Booke'. 489



which made a partition fiom another chambcrjikc a Quier, clofe without any light :
in the middle whereof was alittledoore, and on each fide of it a furnace within the
wall.with certaine holcs.thereby to let the Imokc or fauor of the fire to enter into that
placCjwhen any oftering (liould be made. Whereof we found tiicre ftbme RiceXornc,
FruitSjHennes, and fuch like. There iflued thence fuch a filthie fmoke and (linkc,thac
it made the place bhcke,and almott choaked fuch as entered. Wee defired the Bra-
meneto open the doore, which with much intrcatiehce did, offering firft to throw
afhcs on our forehcads.which we refufcd:fo that before he would open vs the door^jj
wc were forced to promife him not to enter beyond the doore. It fliewed within like
alime-kill, being clofe vaulted, without hole or window: neyther had the Church ic
fclfe any light but the doore. Within the faid Cell hung an hundred burning lanipes,
andin the middle flood a httic Altar coucred with Gotten cloth, and ouer that with
goldc ; vnder which,a$ the Bramene tolde vs,fate the Pagode all of goldc, of the big-
nelTeofaPuppet.

Hard by the Church without the great doore, f^ood within the earth a great fourc-
fquarc Ciflcrne.hcwed out of free itone, with ftairesoneach fidetogodowneinto it,
full of greene, filthy ,and ftinking water, wherein they waflithcmfelucs when they
meane to enter into the Churchto pray. Intheeueningthey carried their Pagodeoix
ProcefTionjfirft ringing a Bcll,wherewith thepcople aflembled, and tooke the Pagode
out of his Cell with great reucrence,and fet it in a TaUmh^m^ which was borne by the
chiefe men of the town ; the reft following with great deuotion.with their vfuall noifc
and found of Trumpets,and other inttruments; andhauing carried him a pretty cii-
cuit,brought him to the flone Cifterne,wa{lied him,and placed him againe in his Cell,
making a foule fmoke and (Vinke,and cuery man leaning his offering behinde him, in-
tended to the Pagode^\M confumed by the Bramene and his family.As we went along
by the wayes.we found many fuch fhapes vnder certaine couertures, with a fmail Ci-
fterne ofwater hard by,andhalfc an Indian nut hanging thereby, to take vp water
withall forthe trauellers to wafhandpray. By the faid PagodesAoc fland commonly
a Calfe of tlone,and two little Furnaces ; before which they prefent their oftcrings.My
fellow leaping on one of thofe Calues in the Church, the Bramene called out, and the
people came running, but we flayed theirfurie by gentle perfwafion of the Bramene
before. And thus much ofthele deformed formes, and mifLapen fliapes , with their
worfliippings and wotfhippersfutable.Likclips,!ike]ettice.Vainerites,(finking finks
and fmokcs.vgly Idols,confpiring with intcrnall Darketies ofthe rnindes,and externall
Darl^ites of their Temp les.to bring an eternall Darkles to the followers, that all may
fliut vp (as they arc begu'i) in a hellifh period.

Botero faith.the Bramenes alfo worfhip "* one Paral>rnMma,3nd his three fonnes,and d Gi.Bot.seft.
inhonourofthemwcare thofe three threeds aforclaid. He sffitmeth that the loght l.i.purt j.
wander vp and down through lndia,abftaining from all carnall pleafure,but a certain ^#''i«
rime; which being expiredjthey are paftpofTibilitie of further finning, and are then
called Abdnti,%', the illuminate Elders of the Familifts, polluting thcmfelues^in all fii-
thincffe. The Bramenes «haue Images ofthe Tr/»/t/f,andhaue in religious cflimation e Od.Barbafa,
the number of Zi&riff.They acknowledge and pray to, the Trirnj m Vnny ; but affirmc
many Demi-gods, whicharehisDeputiesingouerning the world. They honourthc
Portugalls Images alfo, as approching to their owne fuperftition. They marry but one
vvife,and admit no fecondfucceeding marriage. The Bramenes muft defcend ofthe
Bramene Tribe,and others cannot afpire to that Priefthood: but fome are of higher
account then other. For fome ferue for mefTengers, with in time of warre, and among
theeues may pafTe fafely and are called Fathers. They will not put a Bramene to death
for any crime. Hf«,-»;/«reporteth(I know not from what intelligence) that they umr.lndicmc.t
haucbooks and ProphetSjwhich they alledge for confirmation of their opinions: that
they thinke God to be of blacke colour: that they worfhip ihehczihc ^maracHS ot
./W4«or<?w» with many fuperftitious ceremonies: that they hauc in their writings the
decalogue.with the explanation thereof: that they adiure all of their focietie vnto (i-
lencc touching their myfleries : that they haue a peculiar language ( as Latine in thefc
parts) wherein they teach the fame in their Schooles : that their Do6fors hallow the

Sundayes



49<



Of the Indian 'BrameneSjisrc. C n a p .9.



Sundayes iiidiiiineworfhip.adoring the God which created heauenandcarth,oftcrt
tccxivn" th\s kmence,! iidore thee fi God,rvith thy Grace and ajde for cuer : to take
food Torn the hands of a Chrillian, they account as faciilcge. He d)uideth the Indian
Wj'emcn into thefc Bramenes.and the Baneancs or Pythagoreans, of which we liauc
fpoken in our Difcourfc of Cambaia. But let vs heare Barbofa of v\ hat he fa w.

When they are ftuen ye ares olde,s they put about their neckcs a firing two fingers
broad,madeofthcski!'.neofa bcaft called CreJfuameK^an, hkci 'm\dc Afle, together
with the haire : which he weareth till he is foilrtecne years olde,all v^hich time he may
hot eate '' Betelle.TUu time expired^the faid (king is taken away, and another of three
threed j put on, in f gne that he is become a Bramcn,v\ hich he weareth all his life. They
haue a principall amongft them,which is their Bifliop, which corredeth them it they
docamifle. They marry but oncc,as is faid, and that not all, but onely the eldcli of
the brethrcn,to continue the fucccfllon.who is alfo hcyre ot the fathers iiibfhnce,and
keepethhis wife ftraitly, killing her, ifhefinde her adulterous, with poyfon.Thcyon-
ger brethren lie with other mens wiucs, w hich account the fame as a fingular honour
done vntothem ; hauinglibcrtie,as.gd//yafifirmeth,toenterintoany mai;shoui'e, yea



g Od.Biirbofa.



h Betclle,3.
kafe.



Mb,viag.c.i6,



Sinnnrtodi^o^.
Orient.



iNlc.diConti.



k M4I.U



1 Seb.Feri'ti-
7(aadics.

m 7{ic,P'n»enta



of the Kings nolcflc then of the I'ubied^s, of that Religion : the husbands leaning the
\viues,and the brethren their Ivfters vnto their pleafures,and therefore depaiting out of
the houfcwhen they come in. And hence itisthatno mans lonne iiihtritcth his fa-
thersgoods,(andI knowe not whether they may inherite that name of father cr
fonne)but the lifters fonnefucceedeth,a$ being moftccriaine of the bloud.

They hauc great reuenues belonging to their Churches, bchdes offerings, and at fet
houresofthe day refort thither to fing, and doe other their holy rites. Twice inthe
day,and as often in the night^their PAgcde is taken out ot the Altar, and lit on the Bra-
ineneshcadjlookiog backward, and is carried in PiQccirion three times about the
Church ; the Bramenes wiues carrying lights burning: cuery time they come to the
principal! doorc of the Church , which is on the Wtft fio'e thereof ( fome Churches
haue two doors afide) they let it downc on their offcr'.ng-fione,and worfliip it.Twice
a day they bring it to cate of their fod Rice, as often (as iit fcemeth) as the Bramcne is
hungry. When they wafh them (which is often) they lay a little afhes on their heads,
fore'icads and breafts, faying that they fhall returneinto allies. When the Bramenes
wife is with childe, as foone as hee knoweth it, hee cleanfeth his teeth, and abftaincth
from Betelle, andobfcruethtalkngtillfliebe dcliuered. The Kings of Malabar will
fcairce eate meate but of their drc fTing. They arc of fuch c{li;i;ation, that it Merchants
trauell among thecues and robber*, one Bramene in the company Iccureth them all,
whichBramene will cate nothing of another mans drtffing; and would not become
aMooreforaKingdome. KlJ.di Com li'mh^ he law a Bramcne three hundred ycarcs
olde: he addeth, that they areftudious in Altrologie.Cconiancic, and Philotophic.
Tobcfhort^they aretheMalkrs ot Ceremonies and the Indian Religion, in whole
Precepts the Kings are trained vp. Bcfidesthcfe'^ Secular Bramenes, there sre other
Regular,ns thofeyo^A;and Verta: ofwhich wchauefpoken.ThcfcaiekindesofEth-
nike MonkeSjwhi^h profcfleby ftricft penance and regular cbleruations , to expiate
1 their linncs,and procure faluation to their foules.

There are alfo fome that liuc as Hcrcmites in defarts.fomc in Collcdges, fom wan-
der from place to place begging :iom(an vnleamed kind) are ca led .Srt»<j//f/:'" feme
contraric to the rcft,nothing cfkeme Idols, obfcrue chafiitie twentic or fine and twcn-
tic yeares, and feede daily on the Pith of a fruitc called Carnz^a, to prcferuc in
them that colde humour, neythcr doc they abflaine from ficfh fifh or w ine,and when
they pflc along the way, one goeth before them cryinc Voo, 7-'co,th3tis,way,W3y :
yea, the King himfelfc hononreth them , andnot they the King :fon;c liueindolcd
in iron Cages ail filthie with afhes, which they Ihcw en their heads and garments:
fome burne fome part of their bodie voluntarily. All are vaine-glorious, and feeke
rather the fhiell then the kcinell , thefhew then the iiibftancc ofholincffe. I haue
thought good to fay thus much together of them,as in one view rcprcfcntiiig the Bra-
menes ; a name io auncientiy, fo vniuerfally communicated to the Indian Pridls,al-
thoughfome particulars before haue becne, orbereafccrmay befaid couching fome

oi



Chap.Io. ASIA. The fift 'Booke, 4pl

ofthe mill other places, according to the fingulariticof each Nation in this fo ma-
nifolde a profcfsion, which they all demonftrate in their lingular fupertiitions.



C H A r. X.
of the Regions and Religions of Malabar,

.^^^•i^^AlabarextcndethitfelfeafronitheRiuerCangeracontotheCapcCo- ^ ^^ y
ijA^if?)^ mori ; which fome take to be the Promontory Cory,m Vtolemey -. M4- 2iilEi!c!i.
ulo^ vC^"^ It ^""^doubteth whether it be that which he callcth Cofnt^trta extre^
Sl^V^II [^ %}a. Inthelengthitcontainethlittle leffe then three hundred miles,
1!^~^*Z V inbreadthfrom thatridgeofG^retotheSea.infomepIaces^fiftie. It
■JgilytSSN^^ is full ofpeople, diuided into manyStates, by variety ot Riuers,v\ hich
caufe Horfes to be vnieruiceable in their Warres.and nounfli many CrocodiIes,cnrich
thcfoyle.andyceldeeafietranfportationoftommodities, which are fpicesofdmers
kindes. Theyhaue Bats.infiiapetefembling Foxes, in bignefle Kytes, The chiefe
Kingdomes in this Travel areKanonor,Calecut,Cranganor, Cochin, Carcolam , and
Trauancon. About ' feuen hundred ycares fince it was one Kingdome, gouerncd by <. lopjcaflave^
Soma,oiSaramaPermAl.vA\ohy perfwafion of the Arabian Merchants became of dul.u
their Se6^,in which he proued fo deuout.that he would end his daycs at Mecca. But Od.Bnbofa.
beforehis departurehc diuided his eftate into thefcpcttie Signbrics, amonghisprin- ^-^"t-Btn.
cipall Nobles and kindred : leauing vnto CouUm the fpirituaJJ preheminence, and the g 'f,^^^'*^^ ,,■« ■
ImperiallTitlevntohisNcphcwofCalicut, whoonclyenioyed the Titleof Z^wm, xeJ-j^^jT''
or Emperour,and had prerogatiue of (tamping Coinc. Some exempt from this Zamo-
rin Empire and Allegcance.bothCoulam, the Papall Sea of the high Bramene, and
Cananor: and fome hausfince by their owne force exempted themlelues. This Pert.
wj/diedinhis holy voyage :and the Indians of Malabar reckon from this diuifion
their computation of ycarcs.as wc doe from the blefled T^atimtie ofettr Lord. He left
(faith CaHaneda) to himfclfe but twclue leagues of his country , which lay neere to the



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 97 of 181)