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Samuel Purchas.

Purchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a online

. (page 98 of 181)
Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 98 of 181)
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fliore where he mean t to embarque himfelfe,neuer before inhabited : this he gaue to a
coufen ofhis then his Page,commanding that in memory of his embarquing there it
fiiould be inhabited, commanding the reli to take him for their Empcrour (except the
Kings of Coulan and Cananor) whom yet with the reft he commanded not to coync
money.butonely the King ofCalecut.ForCalecut was therefore here built ; and the
Moors for the embarquing tooke fuch dcuotion to theplace,that they would no more
frequent the Port ofCoulan.as before (which therefore grew toruine) but madeCa-
lecut the Staple of their Merchandife.

Calecut,thc firft in order with thcm.fhall be fo with vs. The Citieis not walled nor
faircbiilt,the ground not yeelding firmefoundation.by reafon of the water which if-
fucth if it be digged. This Kingdome hath not aboue Hue and twenty leagues of Sea-
coaft.yet rich both by the fertilitic of the foylCjWhich yeeldeth corn,fpiccs, Cocos, la'
«rw,& many other fruits : and by the fuuation; as the ftapleefpecially bctore the Por-
tugais vnfriendly neighborhood. of Indian Merchandife,and thcrfore in her variety of



Hnh



'Hi



Merchants bemg a Map (as it vvere) of all that Eaflernc.world.The<i Egyptians, Persi-
ans, Syrians, Ar3bians,Indians,yea,cuen from Catay the fpace of fixe clioufand miles "indiii
iourney,here had their trade and traffike. The Pallace alfo contained toure halls of au-
dience, accordingto their Religions, forthe Indians, MooreS/Icwcs, Chriflians, Of
theirBramenesor Priefts wehauealreadiefaid. They yeelde Diuine honours to di-
ners of their deccafed Saints, and build Temples vnto beafts. One of which ( dedi-
cated to an Ape) hath large Porches, and hath (faith « Majfxus) feuen hundred Mar- . w a-/ ?
hie Pillars. not infcriour tothofeof e//_gnp/)<jintheRomanP<««f^r(j». Itfcemctbthat *

the ground in that place is not of fo qucafie and watry a ftomack but that it can digeft
deepe fouodations.To Elephants they attribute like Diuinitv : but moft of all to Kinc,
fuppofing that the foules of men departed do molt of all enter.into thefe beafts. They
haue many books of their fupciflitioii, neere the Ai^^urall diki^liac of the Hetrurians,
' ■ •■' Vy and



491



Of the 1{e^iom afid ^elipons of Malabar* C h a p . i o .



and fond fables ofchc Graecians rand diligcndy conccalc the fame from vulgar know-
Icdg, except fom Bramcnc Profclytc do detect thofc myfteries.Thcy bclecue »»e God

Lud.vertJ.yci maks^ofHeaHmxndEarth,h\xx.zd6z that hec could haue no pleafurc info waightiea
charge of goucrning the World, and therefore hath delegated the fame to the Duiell,
to reward cuery man according to hisworkes; him they c^WDeHme : they name
CoATamerani. The King hath in his Pallace the Chappell of Pfwwo , carucd full of
Diucls.and in the middcftfittcththislmageofmcttallina Throne of the fame mat-
ter,\vith a triple Crowne,Iike the Popes,and foure hornes.with tccth,eyes, and mouth
wide and terrible,with hooked handes,and feete like a Cocke. In each corner of this
fquarc Chappell is a D iuell fct in a fierie Thronc,whcrein are many foulcs , the Diuell
putting one with his right hand into his mouth, and taking another from vndcrhim
with his left hand. This IdoU is waflied by the Bramenes with fwcct watcr,incenfed,
and worfliippedeuery morning. Sometime in the weekc they facrificc on this man-
ner .-They haue an Altar ftrcwed with flowcrs.on which they put the bloud ofa Cock,
and coales of fire in a Siluer Chafing-difh, with much perfumes incenfing about the
Altar.and often tinging with a little Bell of Siluer. They hold in their hands a Siluet
Knife,with which the Cocke was killed, which they dip in the bloud, and put into the
fire with many Apifh geftures. All the bloud is thus burned, many Waxe-Candles
burning meane-while. ThePrieft hath on hiswrifts andleggesas it wcrcMorrice.
BelSjWhich make a great noy fc,and a certaincTablc hanging at his ncckc : and when
he hath ended his facrifice.he taketh his handcs full of Whcate.goeth backward from
the Altar (on which he al wayes fixeth his eyes) to a certaine tree,and then hurleth the
Come vpouer his headashighashecan: after which hecreturneth and vnfurnilh.
cth the Altar. The King of Calicut cateth no meatc, before foure principall Bramenei
haueffirft offered thcrcofto the Diuell, which they doe Hfting both their handeso-
uer their heads, and fhutting their fifts draw backethe fame with their thumbe,pt6.
Tenting of that meatcto theldoil.and then carrieittothcKingonagrcat Leafe, iaa
treene Platter. The King fittcth on the ground at his mcatc,withoiit any thing vnder
him.attended with Bramenes, Ibnding foure paces off, with their handes before their
tnouthes in great rcucrcncc. And after the King hath eaten, thofe Pricfts carrie there*
liqucs into the Court.where they clap thrice with their hands , whereat prefently cer-
taine Crowes rcfort thither to eate the Kings leauings, which Crows arc hereunto ac-
cuftomcd,and may not be hurt of any.
When the King marrieth a wife s one of the principall Bramenes hath the firft nights
lodgmg with her, for which he hath afTigned him by the King foure hundred orfiue
hundred Ducats.The King and hii Gentlemen, or Nayros , eate not flefh without li-
cence of the Bramenes. The King committeth the cuftodie of his wife to the Brame-
nes when he ttauelleth any whither,and taketh in too honeftpart their difhoneftfami-
liaritie. But for this caufe.the Kings fonne fucceedeth not in the crownc.but his fifters
fonnc.as being certainly of his bloud. Thcfe fifters of the King chufc what Gentleman
they plcafe, on whom to beftow their Virginitie; and if they proue not in a certaine
time to be with childe,they betake them to thefe Bramcnc-ftallions.

The Gentlemen and Merchants haue a cuflomc tocxchanf;e wiues, in token of
great friendfhip.Somc women amongft them haue fixe * or feuen husbands/athering
her children on which of them (he beftplcafeth.The men when they marry^get other*
to vfe them (if they be Virgins) fiftcenc or twentic dayes before they themfclues will
bedde them. This Author affirmcth, that there were a thoufand families of Chriftians
in Calicut,at the time of his being therc.a hundred and twenty yeares fince.

If adebtorbreake day with his creditor, and often difappoint him , hee goeth
to the principall of theBramenes, and receiuethof himarodde, with which he ap-
proacheth to the Debter , and making a circle about him , chargeth him in the name
of the King , and the faid Bramenc , not to depart thence till hee hath fatified the
debt, which if hee doe not, hee mufl (lerue in the place ; for if hec depart, the

OdBxi-hofi. King will caufe him to be executed. The new King for one yeares fpace eatethney-
ther Fifn nor Flefh, nor cuttethhis Haire or Nayles, vfcth certaine prayers daily,
catetbbutoncmeale,and ihataftcrhc hathwafhed, neythermay heelookeonany

man



g Ciflartedn and
Barbofa faith,
that Ihc is not
inarncd.buc as
his Concubine



*H.deSanSlo
Sitpbane.



Ckap.Io. ASIA. The fife (Booke, /gi



man till he hath ended his repaff. Ac the ycares end he maketh a great Feaft, to which
refort aboue ten thoufand perlbns to confirmc the Prince and his Officers : and then
much almes is giuen.He cnrertayneth ten thoufand women in diners offices in his Pali
lace. Thcfe make to the king (after his fafting yeareisout)aCandlemafre-fcaft,each
ofthem carrying diners lights from the Temple (where they firft obferue many Idoll
idle ceremonies) vnto the Pallacc with great muficke and other iollitie.
Bttrbofr reckoneth e ghteene Se£ts that haue no mutuall conucrfationjDor may m.ari
ric l^ut in their owncrankcs or order. Next to the kng and Bramcncs, heplaceth thi
Nayros.which are Gentlemen and Souldiers, and are not profeffed Nayros (not with-
flanding their bloud) till they be by their Lords or by the Kingmade knights or i'ouU
dicrs.And then he muflncuer from that tiiTie go without his weapons,which common-
ly are a Rapier and a Target,and fometimes Peeccs or Bowes. They neuer marrie^but
lie with fuchofthe Nayros women or daughters as like them, leaning his weapons
meane.whilcat the doorc,whi.h forbid anymanelfe, although it be the good man
himfclf:,to enter.tillhehath ended his bufineflc ftndbe gone. And if one of the com-
mon people once touch a Nayro, it is lawtuU for the Nayroto kill him: andhcisalfo
vncleane,andmnrt be purified by certainewafhings. And for this caufcthey crieas
they goe in the ftrcetcs,Po,Po I'hat the bafer raskalitie may giuc place. They hauc a
pit of ({andin g water at their doores hallowed by the Bramencs, wherein euery mor-
ring they wa(h themfelues, although it be greene ilimic^and flmking, imagining thus
to b^e clenfed of their finnes. They are brought vp altogether to feates of Armcs and a.
iliuitic from their childehoodadmirably able to winde and turne themfelues.and arc
very refolute and defperate.binding themfelues by oath to hue and die with their King
or Lord. No Nayro's women may enter into Calicut but one night in theyearc^whca
the Citieii full oflights: and they goe with the Nayros, to beholdc and gaze their
fill. They intend nothing but th;irluft,andthinkc that if they die Virgins thcyflwll
ntuerentcrintoParadife.' i

The Biaban are another fort, and are Merchants, Gentiles , and cnioy great priui-
ledf'es. The Ki-gcann-tput'thcm to death.but by fentencc of the principal! of them-
felues. They were the onely Merchants before the Moores traded there, and fiillcn<»
joy many poffeffions. ThefcTTiarrie one wife, and their children inherit,and they may
touch the Nayro's. The Cugianem are a Se (ft of the Nayro$,hauing a law and Idols by
thcmfelues,\\hich they may neuer alter. They make Tiles locoucr the Temples and
the KinosPaliace.L he Nayro's may lie with their women, butmuft wafli themfelues
before they goe hnmc.

Another Se6t i; called A<fanatitamar,'wh\c\\ are Landcrers,nor may they or their po-
ftcriticbe of other fu!i<5lion : nor may they mingle themfelues with any other genera-
tion. They haue Idol-ceremonies and Temples by themielues. The Nayros may vie
their wiues (or women rather.) Their brethren or nephews are their heires.Thc Ca/ien
are VVeauers ,and haue a diRinii idolatrous Se»ft ; otherwife ai e as the former.

Eefidesthefeofbettcr condition, there are of bafer fore eieuen SecSs, which may
not marrie nor meddle with others. The firft oftliefe are called T^^fyi, husbandmen j
thcfccond, Moger, and areMarriners; both hauing their proper fupcrflitions, and
vfe their women in common: the third are Attrologers, whom they call Caniun.
Great men aske their counfaile.but may not touch their perfons. The Aggeri arc Ma-
fonsand workers in mettals. J)^i Mnckoa ox Adechce 2ix:tV\(i\trs ; dwelling in Villa-
ges by themfelues; the menthceues the women harlots with whom they pleafe. The
J?rt«/r are Salt-makers rtheT^fy^warelugglers, Inchanters , and Phyfitians (if fuch
damnable diuclliffi pra<ftifes may deferue fo honourable name ) which, whea any arc
ficke aiidrequirethcirhelf c, vfeconiuration tocaulethe Diuellto enter into fbmc
of them , and then by his fuggcHion declare the euent of the difeafe, and what facri-
fices or other things arc to beeperformcd. They may not touch or betouchedof
other men.'

The ReuoUt arc a bafer fort of Gentiles,which carrie wood into the citie to fell, and
hcrbs.The?/.'/tf/-3rc as excommunicate perfons, and hue in defarts.where the Nayros
hauc no occafion to pafle^and when tliey goe neere any of ihefc Nayros, ot any ot the

Vv 2 better



454



Of the ^^ions and ^I'tgtons of Malabar. Chap, i o.



k Lei(.ij.i^.



top. de Caflanc-
da.CB.B.



HJeSanBo
Sie^h.



1 Maginusl



m Od.Bar.



n C<efFred.

o Oforimde
rcb.Emat,



Step de Biit,
1600,



better fort.they crie as loiidc as they can(as the ^ Lepers among the Ic\vcs}that others
may auoyde them. For if any touch them,their kindred may for fuch aflion or paflion
flay them , and as many ot" thefc Pnler alfo , as may make fatisfaiSion for fuch dif-
paragement. Some nights they will goofpurpofe/eeking totouchfomcofthcNay-
ro women with handjftickcjor hurling ofa (lone: which if they effeft, thereis norc-
medie for the woman but to get her forth and line with thcfe villaincs , or to be folde
to cfcapc killing by the handes of her kindred. Thefc Tu/er arc thccucs and forccreti.
The Pareoi arc of worfe efleemc.and liue in dcfarts without commerce of any.reputed
worfc then the Diucll. Thefe ten forts (or elcucn if you reckon two forts ol the Tih'
r<,as our Author doth ; whereof one arc warriors,dirtinguiflicd by a ccrtaine cudgell,
which they muil carric in their hands,from the Nayros ,arc as well difffring in Religi.
ons,as matters of commonlife : though , for their feucrall rites , it were wrong to the
Reader at large to recite them, if we had the particulars to deliuer.

There are befidcs thefe Gentiles, Naturall of Malabar, many ftrangers of In-
dianSjMoores, and Chriftians. But in other Kingdomes of Malabar, the Hcathenifli
Religion is little differing from that in Calicut. Generally amongfl them,the Brame-
ncs and Kine are had in luch honour, that when the Kings create their Nayros, he gtr-
deth them with a fword.and embracing them one by one, bids them haue care ofthc
BramenesandthcKinc. Andifany fliouldkill one, it would coft him his life, as be-
ing 3 God-murthcrer. Some of them will kill and eate any other bcafls,and fome will
kill nothing,neytherfifhnorflefh.

Cranganor is a fmallkingdomc: the Inhabitants of the Citie, which giueth name
to the Region .areChrirtians of Saint Zifcow^wprofefrion, about feuentie thoufandJH
number. Cochinisnow growne great by the Portugals traffiquc and friend fhip. Of
the relt there is not much worth the recitall. The Papall ' honour among the Brame-
nes,which fome afcribe to CouUm , M-igmHS befioweth on the king of Cochin, h
thefc parts are now many Chriftian Profelites of the Icfuitcs conucrfion, befides many
of the oldc Thomoi-ChrifitAns. Both men and women m Cochin , account it a great
Gallantrie to haue wide eares.which thcrforc they ftrctch by arte,hanging waights on
them till they reach to their flioulders.

The King of Coulams Dominion '"flrctchcth beyond the Cape ^owm( where
Malabar endeth) on the Eaft fide fourefcore and tennc miles, as farrc as Cacl : which
diuers great Lords holdevndcr him. Among the red is the Signioric of Quilacarc.
In the Citic of QMJlacare is an IdoU of high account , to which they folemnize a Fcaft
cuery twelfth yeare,wherc the Gentiles rcfort as the Popifli Chriftians in the Romiflj
Jubilee. The Temple facred to this Idoll hath exceeding great rcucnuc. The king
(for fo he \% called) at this Fcaft erc<5lcth a Scaffold couercd with filkc, and hauing w*.
fhcd himfclfe with great folcmnitic, he praycth before this Idoll : and then afccndeth
the Scaffold, and there in prcfence of all the people cuttcth offhis Nofe,and after that
his Eares, Lippes, and other partes, which he cafts towards the Ido'l , and at laft hee
cuttcth his throate, making a butcherly facri'ke of himftlfe to hii Idoll. He that is to
bchisfucceffourmuftbeeprefcnthcreat: forheemuft vndergoe the famcMartyrc.
dome,whenhis tweluc yeares Tubilec is come. Along this coaft dwell theParaui,
fimple people, and Chriftians, which liue by f'fiiingof Pearlcs. The Nayros make
fuch holes in their cares, that" C<£/iirfr;</fr/f^? fay th, hee thruft hisarmevp tothc
fiiouldersinoneofthem. They are prodigall in their lines in the honour of their
King. O/on^fOtellcthof fome, which, like the renowned Decij , had Towcd them-
fclucs to dc3th,and not to returne from the cnemie without vi(ftoric. tAleifius Gohc-
<?»;«numbrcth in the Sea-coaftofCoulam three and twentic To wnes, of which nine*
tcene had Chriftian Churches.

Belides thofc former Scds, Stephanusde Brito fpcaketh ofthc Malcas which inha-
bit Imall Villages in the mountaines,which arc hunters of Elephants : amongft whom
arc no thefts or robberies, and therefore they leaue their doores open when thcygoe
abroad. They are skilful! in Muficke.and Magike.They haue no Idoll amongft theiii ;
onely they obfcnie their Anccftors Sepulchres.

Of the Fcaft which all the Malabar-kings hold cuery twelfth ycarc in honour of the

Riucr



Chap.Io. ASIA. the fift 'Booker 495

.Riucr Ganges.wc haue there ipokcn <\ where we hauc difcourfed of the Rincr. This ^ ^^

feaft laftcth eight and tvvcinie or thirtie daies with great roleninitJe,to the furtherance " ^ * '"^''^

Tlvhcreofccrtaincfouldicrs, to the number of thirtie,riifli among the people, and kill as

iftany as they can; themfchies certaine to be killed of the Kirtgs fouldiers. This is the

-Tribute impofcd by the King of Calecut on one ofhis vaiTaIs,to honour chis folemni-

tic with fuch a number,that {hall thus fell their hues as deare as they can.Of the clc6li-

otl and eredion ofthe Zamoryn,\ve hauc fpoken in the beginning ofthc Chapter : let




Kings ^

is and muft be in that houfc a King to fcrue thofe Idolsjand when he that fcrueth there
dieth, then muft the King that then raigneth leauc his Empire, and goc ferue in that
place 35 the other diJ ; another being eUaed to fucceede him in the Kingdom. And if
any refufeth to forlake his Court for the ?<»?<'</<•, they enforce him thereunto.

The Kings of Malabarbe brownemcn, and goe naked from the girdle vpward.and
^om thence downe ward they arc couered with cloth of Silke arid of Gotten, adorned
^ith jewels. For their children; the fonnesinheritenot,butthebrother,orifthcrebe
none,thc fifters fonne. When their daughters are ten yearcs oIde,thcy fend our ofthc
Kingdomc for a Nayro, and prefenting him with gifts, requeli him to take her Virgi-
nitieswhich hauing done,hc tycth a jewell about her nccke,which fne weareth during
her life,as a token that from thencc-forch fhe hath free power of her body , to do what
fhe will, which before flie migh; not. After their death f thcfe Kings are carried forth f Funetali
into a pUinefield^andthereburned with fwcete wood very coftly, their kindred and K'«s.
all the Nobilitic of the country being prclcnt ; which doncand the afhes buried, they
{hauc themfeluesjwithout leauing any hairc except on the browes and eyc-Iids, euen
on the leaft childe ; and for the fpacc of thirtccnc day es ceafe to catc * Beteie (his lips » ^^ ^^^f^ ^^
«tc cut that doth it) andalithat timeis an lnterregnnm,\Nhcnn they obferue ifany will which feer., i.-
come in to obiCift any thing agaihftthe-nevv future King. Afterthisc he is fworneto t Inauguraci-
thc lawcs ofhis predcccilor,tof ay his debts, torecouerwhatloeuer belonged to his on ofthe new
Ki'^dome being loft; which oath he taketh hauing his fword in his left hand, and in ^'"S«
the ri "ht a Candle burning,which hath a ring of gold vpon it.which he toucht th with
two ofhis finger.s,and taketh his oath.This being donc,thcy throw or poure vpon him
a few graines of Rice, with many other ceremonies and prayers, and he worfhippeth
the Sunne three times : after which,all the Qajmades or principall Nobles fwarc their
fcalcie to him,handlingalfo the fame Candle^ The thirteencdayes ended , ihey eate
their 5f/«/(ragainc,andflcfh and fifh as before ; the King except, who then taketh
thouohtforhispredccefTor, and for the fpaeeofone whole yeare( as is before cbler*
ued in part out oiBarheft) eatcs no Betele.nor fhsueth his beard,nor cuttcth his nails:
cateth but once a day,and before he doth it, waflicth all his body, and obl'erueth cer-
taine hourcs of prayer daily .The yeare being ended, hce obferueth a kind oiDtngt io%
his prcdeceffors foule , whereat are aflembled i ooooo. perfons, at which tirnc
hcgiucthgrcatAlrneSjand then is confirmed. All thcfe Malabar king^ haue one fpci.
ciailman.whichisthechicfeadminihratorof lufticcjwhoin matters of gouernement
is obeyed no Icfle then the king himfelfe. The fouldiers are Ts{atr «/,nonc of w hich can
be imprifoned or put to death by oi dinarie iuftice : but it one of them kill another, or .
clfekillaCowe, orflcepewithacountrey-woman , orfpeakeeuill ofthc king; the
king after information giucs his warrant to another Nayro.who vvith his aflbciates kill
him whcrcfoeuer they finde him, be wing him with their fwords , and then hang on
him hiswarrant,tote(Hfie the caufc ofhis death. ThefcNayros may not wcarc their
weapons.nor enter into combate, till they be armed knights , although that from the
agcoffcucnyearesthcy aietraiiiedvpinfeatesand pr36\ireot Armes. Hcis^dubbed „ Thed b
or created by the king,who comraaundeth to gird him with a fword , and laying his bing ot ihc'
righthand vpon bis head, muttereth certaine wordcs foftly, and afterward dubbeth Nayios.
h\m/:iy]n^,Haueareffardtokj:epethefe'Bramenes, attdthetr Ktue. When theyycelde
ihemfcluestoanyniansferuice,theybinde themfelues to die with him, and tor him,
which they faithfully peiforme,tight;ng til they be kilIed.They are great Southfayers,

Vv 5 haue



496



Of the Kjngdome ofKarfinga. and %[mgar. Chap, i i .



hauc their good and bad daycs.worfhip the Sunne, the Moonc,the Fire, and the Kinc,
and the firft they mectc in the morning. The Diucll is often in thein (they fty it is one
of their Pagedes) which caufeth them to vtter terrible wordcs ; and then he goeth be-
fore the King with a naked Sword, quaking and cutting his flefli , faying with great
cries ; I am fuch a God,and I am come to tell thee fuch a thing ; and if the King doubc-
eth.hc roareth lowdcr,and cuttcth himfelfe deeper till he be credited. The Portugals
hauc much eclipfed the greatncflc of the King of Calicut.and caufcd many other alte-
rations in all the Eaft in this laft Age of the world. Of whofc exploits CMfisntdtt.Barm
rttts,Majf£tufiforitu,zn^ others hauc written at large.



Betcr.Ben,



b 7ooooo.foot.
4oooo.horfe,
foj.EIephants
soooo.harlots,
t CFred.



A The folciT).
nity of bur-
ning of the
wife after her
husbands
death.Thc
ancients men-
tion this rice.
'Jid JE.t.var.hifl
l.T.c.ii.Hier.
ad lou.l.i.^ee
the fame de-
Icribed in Por-
eacchiFun./iit'
tUbiTtu.n.




'Chat. XI.
of the Kingdome ef'?{arfmgA ami Bifrtagar.

Rom thofc places where our feete laft refled( or touched rather) vnto'
the Cape GuadauertH^^ betwixt that ridge of mountaincs called ^4f«,
and the Ocean ( which is there named the Gulfe of Bengala) trendeth
the Kingdome ofNarfingaorBifnagar;thofe two royall Cities con-
tendmg which fhal giue name to this mightie Erapirc,containing two
hundred leagues of Sea.coalt. The King hath in continuaill pay fortie
thoufand Nairos.But as occafion feructh,hc can bringiuto the field many many thou-
fands morc,as in that Expedition againft Idaicau, fpecificd by "Burrifu and Botertu ; ia
whichjto let paffe that world '° of people, he facrificed vnto Idols twcntie thoufand fc-
uen hundred and threefcorc head of beafts and fowlcs in nine dayes fpacc, which in I-
doll-deuotion wereall bcftowcd after on the poorc.

In theycarcof our Lordc i 5 <5 7. Biznagar « wasfackcd by fourc Kings of the
Moores (as faith Frederikt) naming them Dia/c4»,Zamaluc, Cet^mAluc, and Vtridj,
through treafon of her ownc Captaincs : but hauing facked it (as not able to hoidc it)
they retired home.The Citie remained after,an habitation for Tygres and wild beafts,
contayning in circuit fourc and twcntie milcs,as our' Author (that flayed there fcuea
moneths)afiirmech.Hc neuerfawPallaccexccedingthatofBifnagar.lt had nine gates
with guards of fouldiers. Here he oblerued their rites in burning the vvomen.fo ofteo
mcntioned.which after his and B4/l>jf his relations arc thus.

The woman '^ takcth two or three moneihs rcfpitc after her husbands death : the
day being come, flic goeth early outofhcrhoufe,mountcd on an Horfcor Elephant,
or clfc on a Stage carried by eight men: apparelled like to a Bride adorned with je-
wels.and her hairc about her fliouldcrs ; holding in her left hand a Looking glaffe ; in
the right, an arrow : andfingeth as flie pafleth through the Citic,faying,That fhe go-
eth to flcepe with her husband. She is accompanied with her friends, vntill it be one
or two of the clockc in the aftcrnoonc : then they goc out of the Citie pafsing by the
Riuers fide to the burning-place, where is prepared a great fquare Caue full of wood.
Here is made a great banquet, the woman eating with ioy, as if it were herwcdding-
day,and after they finganddauncctill the woman bid to kindlethe fire in the Ciuc;
then fhe leaucth the feaft,and takcth her husbands neere/} kinfcrnan by the hSnd , and
goeth with him to the banke of the Riuer, where fhec ftrippcth her of her clothes and
jewells.bertowingthcmat hcrpleafure,and coueringhcrfclfevvithac]oth,throweth
her fclfe into the Riucr.fayingjO wretchts waP; ayvajyopirfwnes. Comming out of the



Online LibrarySamuel PurchasPurchas his pilgrimage : or Relations of the world and the religions observed in all ages and places discovered, from the creation unto this present. In foure parts. This first containeth a theologicall and geographical historie of Asia, Africa, and America, with the ilands adiacent. Declaring the a → online text (page 98 of 181)